JICSA (Journal of Islamic Civilization in Southeast Asia)

Published by Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
Online ISSN: 2302-1799
Publications
Article
The purpose of this study was to determine and find out how the application and form of implementation of the principle of complicating divorce cases in the Class II Serui Religious Court. The data sources of this research are divorce case documents ranging from lawsuit/divorce applications, BAS (Session Minutes), and decisions or decisions issued by the panel of judges. This research is qualitative descriptive field research that takes place in Class II Serui Religious Court. The approach used is the juridical, syar'i, anthropological, and sociological approaches. The data collection obtained in the field is by analyzing observation techniques, interviews, and documentation. The results of this study indicate that in general the principle of complicating divorce in the Serui Religious Court is quite good, this is inseparable from the free time available for the assembly and mediator to reconcile husband and wife in divorce proceedings.
 
Article
This study aims to determine the effect of financial literacy, motivation, and risk on investment in Indonesia through the impact of covid-19 as an intervening variable. This research is a descriptive study that tries to explain the effect of each variable based on references and previous research results. In general, based on the theory and the results of previous research, it shows that financial literacy and motivation greatly affect the desire to invest in Indonesia as well as the risk that does not affect investment because it is a factor that must be anticipated by economic actors. However, the impact of COVID-19 has caused investment in Indonesia to be greatly affected.
 
Article
This article discusses the implementation of article 29 UUD 1945 as an embodiment of religious tolerance in Islamic law perspective. Religious tolerance has become an essential object, this because of pluralism cultures and various religions which have been naturally developed as well as accepted by all of the citizens. If this could not well-managed in an atmosphere of good cooperation, then it is possible that differences in religious culture would have trigger social conflict. The findings suggest on that article provision on 29 Indonesian Constitution contained; (a) Believing and god-fearing on Oneness God in accordance with human civilized; (b) Construct the respect and tolerance among religions; (c) Admitting that every citizen free to worship and not to impose the will on other people's religion. This respect is merely to look for and find out the similarity and equality that may have advantages as comparative materials.
 
Article
This study discusses the Performance Allowance in the perspective of al-'Adl in the Indonesian Ministry of Religion, Gowa Regency. This type of research is a type of qualitative descriptive study with a phenomelogical approach that explains the phenomena and their meaning for individuals by conducting interviews with a number of individuals and the location of the study was conducted at the Indonesian Ministry of Religion, Gowa Regency. Sources of data obtained consisted of primary data sources of 12 informants, as well as secondary data. Data collection methods used are observation, interviews, and documentation. The results of this study indicate that the process of receiving performance allowances in the manner of payment and giving, addition, and reduction of performance allowances is in accordance with government regulations. In addition, the value of Al-'Adl is an imbalance in the receipt of performance benefits with employee performance which is assessed through employee performance appraisal. The value of Al-'Adl is that there is no equality in providing training opportunities and infrastructure for employees. The value of Al-'Adl is that there is a mismatch in the receipt of performance allowances based on the time of payment, employee workload, and employee obligations.
 
Article
Zakat is one of the pillars of Islam that is required of all Muslims whose wealth has reached Nisab. The collection of BAZNAS zakat funds in Papua province through several stages, namely through socialization to several institutions both public and private and initially originated from UPZ funds in the Jayapura region. Based on the recapitulation of zakat funds in Papua province through BAZNAS in 2018 amounting to Rp. 963,858,000. The distribution of zakat funds carried out by BAZNAS in Papua province is not only a consumptive way but also in a productive way, this is an effective way for community economic empowerment such as assistance distributed to 5 Papuan Muslims, assistance through BKMT, zakat fostered villages (Ambon and Dobonsolo villages) and empowerment of spinach farmers in Mappi district. In addition to the economic empowerment of the people through zakat there is also the provision of scholarship assistance ranging from elementary, junior high, high school and university, in 2018 a number of 23 people have received scholarship assistance through zakat funds. According to the analysis of researchers that the recapitulation of zakat funds shows that between the receipt of Rp. 963,858,000 and expenditure or distribution of Rp. 438,811,500 were unbalanced, so the discovery by the audit team occurred because the distribution was less than 70%.
 
Article
This article is the result of a descriptive qualitative study on the thinking of a community leader in Ntori Village, Bima Regency named H. Usman Mustakim. Appointed as an appreciation for his dedication to the formation of morals in society as a reflection of a complete human being who is not only knowledgeable but also has to have morals. This research uses the Sufism approach, with the data collection method of observation, interviews, and documentation. The data analysis process includes data collection, data verification, and validation, and concluding. The results of this study are a series of efforts by H. Usman Mustakim to form community morals by providing an understanding of the concept of morality in the style of the prophet and should be able to integrate the personalities of the prophet Sulaiman A.S, the prophet Daud A.S, the prophet Yusuf A.S, and the prophet Muhammad Saw. The four prophets are a reflection of the personal ideal as a servant of Allah, encompassing intelligence, assertiveness and strength, beauty and gentleness, and nobility like the prophet Muhammad.
 
Article
This article discusses the application of the Jigsaw Cooperative Learning Model in Improving Students' Critical Thinking Skills and Mastery of Akhlak Concepts at Mi Paranakeng 2. This article uses a quantitative type of research, this study attempts to describe the current condition in a quantitative context. to determine the application of the independent variable, namely the Jigsaw recitation cooperative learning model on the dependent variable, namely the students' critical thinking ability and mastery of the concept of moral aqidah, and continued by calculating how much influence the independent variable had. In the learning process activities, the teacher or educator as the central figure of the teacher, and students as the subject of learning, are required to play a role in achieving educational goals in schools. At the same time, teachers and students are required in terms of knowledge, abilities, attitudes, so that the teaching and learning process can be carried out effectively and efficiently. The application of the jigsaw type of cooperative learning model at MI Paranakeng 2 was implemented properly and efficiently when researchers used it in teaching morals.
 
Article
The results of the study stated that the innovation of Postgraduate lecturers at UIN Alauddin Makassar during the pandemic, namely the form of innovation was maximized but the effect or impact of the innovation was not maximized, because it was caused by several factors that were constrained by students, for example network disturbances, when students were making presentations. The innovation of Postgraduate lecturers at UIN Alauddin Makassar in managing learning during the pandemic is less effective because based on the observations of researchers, it shows that some students are constrained in the network when the learning process takes place, students do not follow the lesson well, indicated by the presence of students who do not activate the camera, lack of focus in receive the subject matter, so that it does not achieve the proper learning objectives.
 
Article
This article discusses the typology of understanding and the level of diversity of students from Bima district in UIN Alauddin Makassar. The research suggest that the reality of their understanding and religious attitudes consist of several categories: First, the tendency to understand the average Makassar UIN Alauddin student from Bima district to the doctrine of salvation for other religions is quite moderate or inclusive. Then from the four sub-variables of this study indicate that in the two sub-variables the respondents' answers showed a positive tendency, regarding Islamic variables and intellectual discourse and sub perceptual variables about acts of violence in the name of religion. Second, these two sub-variables show a moderate religious understanding and attitude from the respondents which is shown by an appreciative attitude towards the use of intellectual discourse in Islamic studies. The three perception variables about acts of violence in the name of religion, students from Bima UIN Alauddin Makassar have a moderate tendency, and evident from the answers of most respondents to the phenomenon of acts of violence in the name of religion. Fourth, the totality in this sub-variable shows the moderate attitude of respondents who reject all forms of coercion and violence in fighting for religion.
 
Article
The successful student of the Faculty of Theology in completing his or her study for becoming a priest as his or her goal is determined by several factors, such as: cultures, Ambonese family traditions, motivations and commitments.Cultures and family traditions influence the success in completing his or her study to achieve his or her goal for becoming a priest. A student who has hereditary priest in his or her family will be encouraged strongly by the family to become a priest. To Ambonese people, becoming a priest is considered to be a prestige. Not only the priest but also his or her whole family are proud of becoming priests, even though they only receive lower salary compared to the salary of a state officer. They will not mind to receive lower salary as a priest in the world because they believe that they will have a big salary in heaven. The kind of belief is rooted in the culture or Ambonese belief that glorying God has to be the first priority in everything they do. The second priority is respecting their parents or their ancestors who want their next generations to follow their steps for working and serving God as priests.
 
Article
This paper discusses re-conception of the requirements of polygamy marriage in Indonesia. It is expected to reach a fair for husband, wife, and children as well as to achieve the spirit of marriage goals. Juridical normative research methods are used to see injustice in the requirements of polygamy in UUP No.1 of 1974, namely 3, 4, and 5, and which do not correlate with Article 1 of that law. The research suggests that the understanding the text as well as patriarchal culture are the leading contributors to the injustice and must be resolved, so the dignity of marriages that is beneficial by protecting the parties without discrimination and humanity can be realized.
 
Article
This article discusses the values of Islamic education in the Bugis traditional marriage procession in the Tanete Riattang Barat sub-district, Bone district. This article uses the type of qualitative research (qualitative research). In this research, the data sources are interviews, observations, and documentation. The informants in this study were Ulama, traditional leaders and local communities. The Bugis traditional marriage procession is not a religious obligation in Islam that determines whether a marriage is valid or not, but the people in the Bugis Bone area believe that the traditional wedding procession carried out has meaning. This can be seen from every series of processions carried out based on Bugis Customs in the Tanete Riattang Barat District, Bone Regency, which can be seen from every wedding procession carried out by the people of the West Riattang Tanete District. These customs are traditions that are carried out from generation to generation and passed down from generation to generation.
 
Article
This article discusses the development of Judaism in European and the history of the Arab-Jewish conflict. Researchers in this case uses qualitative methods by collecting library data. The historical approach is an alternative research in tracing the traces of Jews in Europe and the beginning of the Arab-Jewish conflict. The author comes to the conclusion that a change of power, conquest, war has brought the Jewish nation to the pain of continuing suffering. Get discriminatory treatment to be the lowest class and intolerance treatment from the authorities who control the area where they settled. The unfair treatment they received from the authorities until 70 AD when the Jews under Roman rule broke out but ended in failure and caused damage to their own diei. The Temple of Solomon which was the center of their religious worship in Jerusalem was destroyed. These conditions caused the Jewish people to scatter to the outside world which became known as The Great Diaspora.
 
Article
This study aimed: 1) to describe the learning process in MTs. Yasrib Lapajung Boarding School, 2) To reveal the kind of difficulties in learning Arabic in MTs. Yasrib Lapajung Boarding School, 4) To describe the efforts done by Arabic teachers in overcoming the difficulties of learning Arabic in MTs. Yasrib Lapajung Boarding School. This research was descriptive qualitative by analyzing and describing the data in an objective and detailed manner to obtain accurate results. The data sources of this study were from the headmaster, Arabic teachers, and the students of MTs. Yasrib Lapajung Boarding School as informants. The technique of data collection was done by conducting interview, observation, and documentation. Data processing technique and qualitative analysis used three stages, namely: 1) data reduction, 2) data display, and 3) conclusion. The results showed that; first, the process of learning Arabic in MTs. Yasrib Lapajung Boarding School was divided into three parts, they were learning plan, implementation, and evaluation. Second, the students' difficulties that emerged in learning Arabic, namely: istima' (listening), kalam (speaking), qira'ah (reading), and kitabah (writing). Third, to overcome the learning difficulties that existed in learning Arabic related to difficulties in aspects of language skills, the teacher asked the students to memorize mufradat (vocabulary) and translate a sentence, to write Arabic by dictation (imla'), and to practice conversation so that the students were accustomed in speaking Arabic, the teacher also fostered the students' motivation and interest, and held extracurricular activities.
 
Kolmogrof Smirnov's Normality Test Interest (XY 1 )
Interest in Heteroscedasticity Test (XY)
22: Interest in Simple Regression Test X 1 -Y with SPSS 24
24: Multiple Linear Regression Test
28: Interest in Hypothesis Testing and -Y
Article
This article discusses the influence of the application of online learning with the presentation system of the hiwar method and the assignment method on interest in Islamic education subject (PAI) learning at Senior High School (SMAN) 5 Soppeng. The type of research this research is ex-post facto. Ex-post facto research is research in which the independent variables have been treated, or treatment was not carried out at the time of the research. In this research, the data generated is not in the form of numbers, but data that is expressed symbolically in the form of words. The learning methods that have been offered by the government, are not fully heeded by students. The reason is that many of them feel bored and tired due to the many tasks given by educators. The lesson schedule takes place like classroom learning, but learning is carried out at home so that if there are four subjects in a day, then they will get four assignments at once. To overcome this, it is necessary to have an interest in learning from students.
 
Article
This paper discusses the Professional Competence of Teachers in Selayar Islands Regency.The purpose of this study was to determine the form of professional competence of PAI (Islamic education) teachers in Selayar Islands Regency. In addition, Islamic education teacher association (AGPAI) contribution in developing the professional competence of PAI teachers in the Selayar Islands Regency. Furthermore, the results of the professional competence development of PAI teachers in the Selayar Islands Regency. This type of research is a descriptive qualitative case study in the Selayar Islands Regency. The results of this study show that the form of professional competence of PAI teachers is seen from various assessments including mastery of materials, structures, concepts, and scientific mindsets that support PAI subjects.
 
Article
This article mainly concerned about factors that cause students to stay in class have difficulty learning in the subjects of Islamic Cultural History there are two factors, namely internal factors, and external factors. Slow learner students experience learning difficulties in Islamic Cultural History subjects due to internal factors in the form of health that is often disrupted, prenatal disorders, and low intelligence, also caused by external factors from the family environment. The learning difficulties of underachiever students in Islamic Cultural History subjects are influenced by internal factors in the form of no interest in learning in Islamic Cultural History subjects, causing students to lack attention, motivation, and lack of readiness in following the learning process.
 
Article
The main problem of this research is how the Principal's role in the implementation of the Qur'anic Generation Development Program (Tahsin, Tahfidz, and Tadabbur) in Athirah I Islamic Elementary School Makassar. This research uses qualitative research. The data sources of this research are the Principal, Coordinator of the Koran, and students' participation. Furthermore, the data collection methods used are, observation, and reference tracking. Then, data processing and analysis techniques are carried out through three stages, namely: data reduction, data presentation, and concluding. The results of this study indicate that there are seven steps in the implementation of tahsin, tahfidz, and tadabbur in learning to read the Koran at SD Athirah 1 Makassar, namely: Opening, Apperception, Concept Planting, Concept Understanding, Exercise/Skills, Evaluation, Closing, both in terms of Individual, classical individual, and classical reading.
 
Article
The main issue of this research is how the historical review of Islamic education in Mulnithi Azizstan Madrasa in Pattani-Southern Thailand. This type of research is a descriptive qualitative research that uses phenomenological, pedagogical, and psychological approaches. The researcher took the location in Mulnithi Azizstan Madrasa Pattani South Thailand. The findings showed that the early history of Islamic education in Pattani Thailand began in 1961 in the government of Sarit Tanarat by proposing a modernization program for Islamic boarding schools which was transformed into a private Islamic education school. After that policy, the growth of Islamic boarding schools is increasing rapidly. One of them is the Mulnithi Azizstan Madrasa. The concept of Islamic education institution in Mulnithi Azizstan Madrasa initially used the concept of Suffah in the time of its establishment. At present, the madrasa uses the concept of Halaqah and Majelis as the ways for students to learn. Finally, Mulnithi Azizstan Madrasa changed the learning system into each class.
 
Article
The purpose of this study is to find out Gassan Hamdun's concept in the book of Interpretation of the Qur'an of the Qur'an Sentence, the interpretation techniques, the systematic writing and its characteristics, the advantages and disadvantages of the book. The results of this study show that Gassan Hamdun used the Ijmali method in interpreting the verses of the Qur'an which are interpretations based on bi al-ma'sur interpretive books as well as other major interpretive books, namely those of the interpretation books scholars and scholars acknowledge the depth of knowledge of the authors of such books, such as Tafsir Jalalain in interpreting the verse of the Qur'an, the Interpretation of Imam Nasafi in interpreting the Qur'anic verse, Al-Alusi's Interpretation in explaining the sentence in the Qur'an and sometimes also interpret the verses and take the appropriate hadiths and al-nuzul asbab a verse, take the interpretation of al-nuzul verses and asbab al-nuzul a verse in the Ibn Katsir interpretation, taking reference to the knowledge Shariah and its branches in the book "Al-Jami 'Li Ahkam al-Qur'an" by Imam Qurtubi, and to refer to art that can stir the soul and revive the heart in the book of interpretation "Fi Zilal al-Q meaning "the work of Sayyid Qutub. According to Gassan Hamdun the source of the interpretation of bi al-ma'sur is more accurate than the other sources, although he also makes the book of bi al-ra'yi al mahmud interpretations, which are interpretations that rely on ijtihad as a source of interpretation, such as al -Allusion. Gassan Hamdun features a book of interpretations in which each interpretation uses a specific formula and code. The formulas and code are the initials of the letter intended to make it easier for the reader to understand the interpretation of the text, as well as to save the writing in the book, resulting in a beautifully read book.
 
Article
The impurity of Islam understood by most Indonesian Muslims at the beginning of dissemination constitutes to a form of adaptation through assimilation between Islam and local tradition that animism and dynamism are found, so that the Indonesian Muslims show things that are contrary with principles of Islam, especially those are related to the principles of Islamic’s theology that rejects all forms of musyrik and khurafat . The si nkretisme happens and experiences over all archipelago in general and continues to be-so, at least before some Islamic reform movement is present as neutralizing the situation. The existences of Islamic reform movements are not able to eliminate the ongoing process of acculturation. There is no much efforts provided considering that all movements in colonial period are limited. It is only at the time of Indonesia's independence that is all movements by reformist and traditional ulama are in move to act the upheaval including those take place in Selayar with Makka Keke’s belief system in the village of Gantarang.
 
Article
This article discusses the Implementation of Character Education in Islamic Religious Education Subjects at Senior High School 1 (SMA 1) Benteng, Selayar. This study uses qualitative research by analyzing existing information data, based on facts in the field. Data obtained through observation, interviews, documentation and drawing conclusions so that they can unravel the problem completely in accordance with the problems discussed. Implementation of planting character values to students. So the most important thing is the teacher's expertise in internalizing the character education. into all aspects of subjects that will be given to students in schools because character education is one of the main elements of religion that cannot be separated from Islamic teachings. That is why character education is integrated in Islamic Religious Education subjects.
 
Distribution of Respondents by Gender
Distribution of Respondents by Age
Background Knowledge of Malaysia
Article
Malaysia and Indonesia are traditionally neighboring countries in ASEAN and sharing a historical background, language, culture, and religion. It is undeniable fact that Malaysia-Indonesia relations are often influenced by current national issues such as water territorial, Indonesian immigrants, national product, and others. Reviews These issues always sparked conflicts and Provoked various actions from Indonesians and dieting. Normally, Indonesians are more sensitives compared with dieting when faced with this situation as well. This article focuses on knowledge and understanding of X and Y Indonesian generation on Malaysia-Indonesia bilateral relations. This article incorporates the qualitative method with primary data obtained through a questionnaire distributed amongst respondents. Respondents are consisted of UIN's first-degree students and staff s and were selected by purposive sampling. Apart from that, focus group discussion and interview session was held to get a view from respondents. This article found that X and Y Indonesian generations have a good understanding of Malaysia. They are also usually aware of the importance of Malaysia-Indonesia bilateral relations. In addition, they acknowledged Malaysia as an essential country for Indonesia's present interest. Respondents also showed high sensitivity regarding competition between Malaysia and Indonesia. The important finding of this writing is both generations s acknowledge the fact that they are closest neighboring country and a good relationship should be maintained in facing the global challenge
 
Article
The main objectives of this study is to find out the mechanisms of social control are less able to control the deviant behavior of adolescents. Another thing might to be considered is to find out social control over juvenile deviant behavior. This study employs a qualitative descriptive approach with data collection techniques through observation, interviews and documentation. The research suggest that the mechanism of social control carried out by the police, religious leaders, traditional leaders, educator figures, community leaders and parents in controlling adolescent deviant behavior was relatively low in the form of social control in the form of persuasive and repressive actions. In addition, there is no form of cooperation between the government, the police and the community in controlling juvenile deviant behavior. Social control carried out by the police, religious leaders, traditional leaders, educator figures, community leaders and parents on the deviant behavior of adolescents in Monta Subdistrict, Bima Regency starts from coaching, socialization and reprimand. The social control mechanism that we can apply in adolescent deviant behavior is the cooperation of the government and the community in controlling juvenile deviant behavior.
 
Article
The main objective of this research was to elaborate how pesantren contend with multicultural education. Qualitative methods including: interviews, focus group discussion (FGD) and detailed observations of the life of pesantren were used. The researcher also examined the wide range of literatures related to the topic. The research focused on pesantren Mangkoso Barru, Indonesia, representing traditional pesantren in the region of South Sulawesi. The data was collected from the teachers, students, kyai (religious leaders) in this particular pesantren . The findings suggest that pesantren have their own understanding regarding multicultural education. Their understandings were mainly based on the holy Koran without learning from western perspectives. They believe that human beings were created on the basis of difference, so people must appreciate one another. The differences related to language, race, religion, are a must. These concepts have been implemented in the pesantren curricula. The curricula are very inclusive and more opened to any difference. The pesantren provides different materials which come from different sects, and students. There is no enforcement from pesantren management to just learn from specific sect. In addition, expanding networks of pesantren is also inclusive. They have already collaborated with different organizations in relation to development of pesantren management. Another issue considered was its vision of leadership which is perceived as very open. The leader ( kyai ) are frequently involved in multicultural campaigns, such as seminars, workshops, and bench markings. They perceive that the progress of pesantren depends strongly on the way the kyai deals with contemporary issues, including multiculturalism.
 
Article
This research examines the influence of headmaster leadership as well its circumstances toward the competence of teachers in Muhammadiyah Primary school. It employs a quantitative research methodology. The results of the questionnaire processed show that the influence of the leadership of the head of the madrasah and the madrasah environment together on the professional competence of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Muhammadiyah teachers in Bontonompo and South Bontonompo Districts, Gowa Regency is not positive. However, the researchers suggest that the influence of the Leadership of Madrasah Principals on Professional Competence is positive. The results of this study are related to Muhammad Surya's theory which states that the school environment includes living objects in the form of the closest human being in the form of the closest human that surrounds him, namely the family. Family is the main and first educational environment because humans get education for the first time from the family environment before knowing other environments.
 
Article
This paper discusses the al-Jami Campus Da'wah Institute strategy in shaping religious understanding among students, al-Jami Campus Da'wah Institute is the first intra-campus institution in the UIN Alauddin Makassar environment, as the central preaching in the campus environment until now, as for the objectives the establishment of this institution as a means to instill understanding of Islam in the form of the values of faith, worship and morals among students, over time the Campus Preaching Institutions that exist on campus have emerged, so that the existence of LDK al-Jami sometimes does not have an existence as a missionary institution on campus in preaching because of the many preaching institutions that have sprung up, both in the name of intra and extra-campus institutions, the preaching strategy undertaken by the campus missionary institution by using several patterns so that it can attract students to join and conduct ongoing coaching through mentors ing, general studies, and special studies. This paper tries to examine the pattern of coaching conducted by LDK al-Jami in preaching in the UIN Alauddin Makassar environment.
 
Identification of Majene State Islamic College Activities
State Sharia Securities Issuance Process
Use of State Sharia Securities
Article
This paper is mainly concernced on how to implement state sharia securities using the value chain basis at Majene State Islamic Institute. This type of research is descriptive qualitative research, using a phenomenological approach, the data sources in this study, including primary data in the form of the results of field studies conducted at this college, and secondary data in the form of documents that are considered supportive and relevant to research studies. The results of the study showed that the activities at Majene State Islamic College consisted of: (1) main activities, including: selection of prospective new students, academic activities, teaching and learning processes, initialization and promotion, research and community service. (2) supporting activities, including: the procurement of infrastructure and financing of State Sharia Securities which are supported by HR management and financial management that is illegal. The two activities have relevance, so that a value chain is formed which produces benefits in the form of security, health, comfort and convenience of State Sharia Securities buildings from State Sharia Securities , and the value of benefits, in the form of maintaining religion, soul, mind and wealth. Because the end result of this value chain is benefit, the actual activity of procuring SBSN financing facilities at Majene State Islamic Institute, researchers have the conclusion that the concept of Islamic value chain is formed.
 
Article
This article mainly concerned on the reflection of pluralism practice in the Indonesia context. Although, this issue is becoming a commitment for the government to implement it in the wider context of society, a number of challenges have been demonstrated in this research proving that pluralism is still a common problem in this country. The author illustrated a lot of cases in different areas which happened that threaten harmony and peace in the Indonesia life. This research discusses both pluralism and democracy as the two important entities which could not be separated. To some extent, most of the people here have not yet understood basically about significance and meaning of pluralism. So that the side effect of the misunderstanding, sociologically, sparks up social conflicts and issues of identity in the name of God, religion or other primordialism.
 
Article
This paper analyzes how the issue of multicultural citizenship and civil religion has been practiced and debated in Indonesia from political perspective. The writer argues that multicultural citizenship is closely associated with civil religion, in the sense that the latter is the way to objectify and strengthen the earlier. The problem is that the more civil religion is routinized and objectified in daily life, the less the sense of the sacred is. As soon as religion has widely been practiced by members of the society, it soon becomes secular, losing its religious sense since it entangles with local culture. Therefore, objectifying and mainstreaming civic religion must be accompanied by keeping its religious arguments in order to give the civil religion sense of the sacred. As a multicultural country, Indonesia has long acknowledged multicultural citizenship. Sociologically speaking, each Indonesian citizen can live side by side regardless his/her socio-religious background without any discrimination. Indonesian constitution (UUD 1945) clearly states that everyone is equal before the law. Nevertheless, Indonesia’s multicultural citizenship soon becomes at stake, especially when political and economic factors interfere into the public sphere.
 
Article
This study discusses the dynamics of da'wah communication that occurs in the Muslim minority area of Tana Toraja. The main problem discussed was how the dynamics of da'wah communication in the Muslim minority area of Tana Toraja. This research is a qualitative research, with a phenomenological approach in the context of da'wah and communication. Data collection was carried out by observation, interviews, and literature review. The data analysis technique was carried out, referring to the data analysis principles put forward by Miles and Huberman. It offers an interactive model analysis system, which consists of three components, namely data reduction, data display, and drawing conclusions. The research suggested that the dynamics of da'wah communication in the Muslim minority areas of Toraja experienced five phases with different dynamics, namely the pre-colonial era, the colonial era, the independence era, the New Order era, and the reform era.
 
Article
This study aims to analyze the factors that influence the occurrence of individual cognitive dissonance in the community towards condoms in the city of Makassar through a quantitative approach to analytical design. The location of the study was in Makassar City on the grounds that Makassar City had the largest HIV and AIDS cases in South Sulawesi, the level of condom use was still very low, the HIV / AIDS epidemic rate was very high in the last 3 years, especially in the pattern of HIV and AIDS transmission through sex heterosexual. The results found that religious norms, cultural values and experience of condom use have an influence on the occurrence of individual cognitive dissonance towards the condom and experience of condom use is the most dominant factor affecting the occurrence of individual cognitive dissonance in the condom.
 
Article
This article deals with the explanation of local celebration called mocera tasi performed by the ethnic Wotu community in East Luwu District. The focus of the research is closely related to the values understood by the Wotu ethnic community, in relation to the ritual of mocera tasi. Such Values, according to Community understanding, were derived from the cultural practices within the community. The ritual, in addition, was carried out by the Wotu community in order to legitimize the leadership of the Macowa Bawalipu as Wotu traditional leaders, to expressing gratitude to Allah SWT, and to rejecting reinforcements. The mocera tasi rituals as a ritual for ratifying traditional leaders are classified as adat rituals. Mocera tasi, in addition, as an expression of gratitude and refusal of reinforcements is also classified as folk ritual. The benefit to be achieved in the ritual of mocera tasi is linked to the maintenance of the benefit of Nasab (family blood) and wealth. The level of the benefit of the ritual of mocera tasi is at the level of ḥājiyyat.
 
Article
This paper aims to showed the inclination that occur in democratic process associated with the presence democratization in the “Era Reformasi”. This era begin as soon as the end of Suharto regime in 1998 that considered to brought Indonesia into democratic period which also occur in the local level. One thing that considered as effort to achieve democracy is the implementation of Decentralization via the Regional Autonomy that was regulated thru some regulations, where today the new law is the Law No. 23 year 2014. That Laws gives more opportunity to the local people to manage their area based on their objectives context. It makes some local issues including local identity became important aspect in the regional social political dynamics including in the regional election. Through the directly electoral system where people vote became the most important factor of the results, some local context then becomes prominent aspects in the process. When a region occupy by non-moslem or the Christian as like as the Toraja lands consequently issues related to the Christianity becomes important thing during the election. That condition than becomes problematic for the non-mosleem people that also have rights to vote or to be voted based on the democracy values and the laws with the fact that they are the minority in that regions. Pictures from the Toraja regional election then showed tendency on how the moslem people positioned theirselves as minority in the political dynamics of the Christian majority land and what its implication to the social politics construction in this regions. Finally fact from toraja’s land will show whether a unique condition as the contextual experience of the mosleem community as minority in particular region while in fact they are the majority in the nation.
 
Article
Fiqh and Tafsir Ahkam are basic courses at the Faculty of Usuluddin and the Faculty of Sharia. These two disciplines of science are the products of ulama's legal thinking whose objects are different but inseparable from one another. Faqih (fiqh expert) and mufassir (interpreter) can sit together to solve the legal problems faced by people with their respective approaches and methods. In this paper, these two disciplines are discussed with various perspectives. Epistemologically has its own specifications, and axiologically has their respective roles in answering the problems of humanity.
 
Article
This article examines the dynamic relationship between Islam and local tradition in Indonesia with special reference to Java and Sulawesi. Based on historical and anthropological sources, the article seeks to understand variety of interpretation and application of Islam among local Muslims within their particular context. With this aim, the article tries to examines the intricate process of religious change as world religion interacts with local forces. The article argues that since the “localization” of Islam was continuing nature in the expansion of Islam beyond the Arab homeland, the same development in Southeast Asia can be expected. By focusing on the frameworks of ‘practical Islam’ rather than ‘normative Islam’ and both accommodation and conflict between shari’ah and adat as a whole system, rather than as separate entities, the article found a common feature of Islam as it is interpreted and applied by local Muslims in Java and Sulawesi. In this two region, Islam became the dominant force but did not completely obliterate the indigenous beliefs and practices. Despite this common feature, Javanese people have been more diverse than Sulawesi people in terms of religious spectrum particularly due to the fact that animism, Hindu-Buddhism, and Islam have been incorporated into Javanese cultural system.
 
Article
This article discusses the thoughts of Mutahhari Mutahhari about Divine Will and Human Will, Research Objectives, To know and understand how the construction of the Divine will and human will in the view of Mutahhari Murtadha. This type of research is a descriptive qualitative research. The approach used is a philosophical approach, but the philosophical approach used in this thesis is the Islamic philosophical approach (disposition). The data source is divided into two, namely primary data sourced from Motahhari's works and secondary data which are related to Motahhari's thoughts. Data processing and analysis techniques are done by using the process of arranging data sequences, organizing them in a pattern, category and basic description units, and the data analysis used in this study is qualitative analysis, this method is intended that the analysis departs from the data and leads to conclusions General research results show that there is a link between the Divine will and the human will, where both (Divine will and Human will) are not in conflict. The Divine Will in this case the Divine destiny does not confine man and destroys it even it is Divine destiny that makes man free and independent in choosing what he wants.
 
Article
The research focuses on examining the dynamics of variants of Islamic thought in Muhammadiyah, especially progressive Islamic thought and conservative Islam. The main objective of this research is to identify how the contestation model of the two variants strengthens its hegemony. To achieve this goal, library research was carried out using qualitative-descriptive-analytical methods and utilizing two approaches, namely historical perspectives and sociological knowledge. Based on the available literature, it is found that two tendencies of thought in Muhammadiyah, namely Progressive Islamic thought and Conservative Islam, contradict each other in areas which in the context of Muhammadiyah are closely related to the ideological dimension, namely the methodology of thought and thought construction. Contestation in this aspect has implications for the emergence of a more practical contestation, namely the efforts to market their ideas and beliefs through organizational structural and cultural channels outside the organizational authority.
 
Article
This paper discusses the Muhammadiyah Association in Sikka Flores Regency, East Nusa Tenggara. Because this study is a qualitative study, the authors use an educational approach, a sociological approach and a religious approach as an analysis tool to approach the study in question. The source of scientific data obtained from the management, leaders and cadres Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah in Sikka Regency; school principals, teachers and students at Muhammadiyah schools in Sikka Regency; document; and observations. The instruments used were observation guidelines, interview guidelines, and documentation. Data analysis techniques are data reduction, data display, and data verification. Triangulation is used to test the validity of the data. The researcher came to the conclusion that Muhammadiyah thought had been in contact with Muslim Sikka Regency since 1937, brought by Mr. Husaini Daeng Maramba who came from Selayar, South Sulawesi. Many obstacles faced by Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah Sikka Regency, including: multiple positions, lack of human resources, lack of funds and land, lack of maximum cadre enthusiasm and Muslim awareness of the importance of education are still lacking. Various efforts have been made including: regeneration, withdrawal of contributions, submission of proposals for aid, establishing cooperation, finding land outside Muslim villages, undertaking religious and familial approaches, exemplary, earnest sacrifice, earnest determination and earnest effort, ta'awun between business charity and sincerity are the basis in every movement.
 
Article
The objectives of this study are to describe the leadership of Islamic Religious Education teachers in class VIII of Junior High School (SMPN) 1 Enrekang. It also describe the motivation of students in class VIII SMPN 1 Enrekang. The paper also describe the learning interest of students in class VIII of SMPN 1 Enrekang as well as testing the influence of Islamic Religious Education teacher leadership on the motivation of students in class VIII of SMPN 1 Enrekang. Besides, the research also test the influence of Islamic Religious Education teacher leadership on students' learning interest in class VIII of SMPN 1 Enrekang. Furthermore, it test the influence of Islamic Religious Education teacher leadership on students' motivation and interest in learning in class VIII of SMPN 1 Enrekang. Thus, there is an influence of the leadership of Islamic Religious Education teachers on the learning interest of students in class VIII of SMPN 1 Enrekang.
 
Article
Abstrack: The purpose of this study is to determine the implementation of emotional and spiritual quotient in learning Islamic religious education at SMA Negeri 20 Pangkep. This type of research is descriptive qualitative with a phenomenological and pedagogical-psychological approach. The location of this research is SMA Negeri 20 Pangkep in class X. The data source is the primary data of all Islamic religious education teachers, while the secondary data is RPP documents related to the object under study. Data obtained through observation, interviews and documentation, then data processing using the Milles and Huberman model (data reduction, data presentation and conclusion) with analysis using triangulation to ensure data validity against the focus under study. The results of this study indicate that the implementation of emotional and spiritual quotient in Islamic religious education learning at SMA Negeri 20 Pangkep is an Islamic religious education learning activity in which several emotional and spiritual quotient indicators are integrated, including; managing self-emotion, empathy, building relationships (relations), meaning and high self-awareness. This concept is combined by the Islamic religious education teacher at SMA Negeri 20 Pangkep in implementing Emotional and Spiritual quotient.
 
Top-cited authors
Muhaemin Latif
  • Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin
Syamsul Rijal
  • Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta
Zulhasari Mustafa
  • Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin
Wahyuddin Halim
  • Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin
Masdar Hilmy
  • UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya