JELTIM (Journal of English Language Teaching Innovation and Materials)

Published by Tanjungpura University
Online ISSN: 2657-1617
Publications
The aim of this research was to gain deeper understanding concerning English teacher's difficulties in designing lesson plan based on the 2013 Curriculum. This qualitative case study employed observation, interview and document analysis. The instruments of collecting data consisted of observation checklists, an interview guide and field notes. The subject was one English teacher at SMP Negeri X Singkawang who has implemented the 2013 Curriculum. This research revealed that English teacher encountered difficulties in designing lesson plan based on 2013 curriculum on three stages. In pre design stage, the teacher found the difficulties in term of inability to formulate and design lesson plan due to limited time constraints. In whilst design stage, the English teacher experienced difficulties in assessment with many variables. In post-design stage, the English teacher coped with students’ reluctance in the teaching learning proces since the learning process was not appropriate with the lesson plan and lacked of facilities at school. It is recommended that the teacher should put more efforts to improve professional competencies by participating in activities such as training and workshop and accelerate knowledge improvement, creativity and technology to be able to apply the 2013 curriculum effectively.
 
1 below.
Digital storytelling has been proposed as an influential language learning tool that can facilitate learners’ reading comprehension and creativity. There is an interplay between digital storytelling and comprehension. Likewise, there is a connection between digital storytelling and creativity. However, this chemistry that exists is far more complex than previous studies have expressed. This paper puts forth a novel model by which to honor the inter-relationship among digital storytelling, reading comprehension and creativity. The model proffers a practical aim that can allow teachers to recognize and applaud students’ effort whenever they create their digital storytelling, for comprehension and creativity, among other 21st-century literacy skills, have simultaneously and ideally taken place.
 
Students engagement is a critical topic in the discussion of teaching and learning process quality, including at a tertiary level. The goal of this classroom action research is improving English education department engagement in a listening class through magic tricks problem-based activities. This research was conducted at the College of Teacher-Training and Education of Universitas Tanjungpura (FKIP UNTAN), Pontianak – Indonesia, in October-November 2018. The research was conducted in two cycles and the data were collected through participant observation. In three stages of analysis (initial coding, focused coding, and explanation), this research successfully improved the students' engagement. The students’ engagement was improved substantially in the second cycle after the magic trick activities were combined with pair discussion, group discussion, and cross-group discussion. The magic trick problem-based activities was an important factor that could invite the students' intellectual engagement. Whereas, the discussion activities improved the students emotional and behavioral engagement. The creative variation in the discussion stage had improved the students' engagement considerably.
 
Being a communicative event, a thesis examination process might generate a number of speech acts that possibly imply various meanings. To interpret meaning, a pragmatic analysis was implemented. The data analyzed comprised the authentic speech acts occurring within four thesis examination situations which were conducted by the EESP of FKIP Untan. The data analysis started by transcribing the speech recordings and by identifying the structures of the speech acts. This was followed by categorizing the communicative functions being performed. The last stage involved interpreting the contextual meaning of the speech acts. Three qualitative conclusions are arrived at in connection with and emerging from interpretations of the textual data: (1) the speech acts produced by the participants used various structures such as statements, questions, commands, instructions, prohibition and description; (2) the speech acts denoted various kinds of communicative or speech functions like expressives, directives, representatives, referentials, comissives, and metalinguistics; and (3) the occurrence of one particular communicative function can dynamically entail specific kinds of communicative functions in the light of the available context. Some categories of speech functions were not consistent with the purpose of the communicative event of thesis examination.
 
The article review of ‘The Impact of Fun and Enjoyment on Adult Learning’ (Lucardie, 2014) opens doors to the kaleidoscope of fun and enjoyment amongst adult learners. The essence of this review is an informative snapshot on the critical issues of how fun and joy have impacted adult learning through a qualitative research drawing upon traditions of phenomenology. It aims to explore the affective experiences of fun and enjoyment. This article review attempts to highlight an insightful assessment of the ideas and the arguments that are being discussed by the author. The different interpretation of this concept draws out contrasting elements between learners and teachers’ beliefs. A twist to this review is a reflective stance procured to address central issues emerging in the article related to the Malaysian context. It is through the lens of the reader, Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI):4R is proposed. This refers to the process of continuously improving the quality of teaching and learning of an educational programme. This review concludes with the framing of CQI:4R to illustrate reflect, revisit, realign and reconstruct processes that could possibly navigate the architectural landscape of the Malaysian Teacher Education.
 
American Corner (Amcor) of Tanjungpura University is aware of the need to provide its EFL learners with an English community which facilitate the learners with English speaking atmosphere namely Camp America. Through Camp America program, the participants obtain some crucial learning benefits such as the opportunity of English interactive fun activities in a variety of settings like singing, games, and seminars. Also friendly engaging conversations with native speakers and local fluent English speaking instructors or mentors. Camp America becomes a helpful alternative to tackle limited opportunities of EFL teachers in providing their students with English community and native speakers. Through which the participants can benefit from both recreational English learning and direct engagement with authentic English speaking space that provides participants both target language community and American culture as well as media of enhancing their integrated language skills that they can apply them into a real life practice.
 
Appraising the trend that students are welcomed to independently make their own choices in learning, this study investigated college students’ preferences and considerations on self-chosen materials for extended reading (ER). A survey was conducted on 32 college students majoring in ELT who has taken reading courses. The survey consisted of ten questions, all related to their preferences and considerations in choosing the materials to read for ER activities. The results extracted led to the conclusions that authentic materials are more favorable over graded readers, and the difficulty level of the text considered as the foremost priority. Interested researchers are apprised to conduct an experiment that allows better and deeper analysis to gain insights on providing materials for ER in the EFL contexts for the students to select by themselves.
 
This study aimed to evaluate an English course-book for eight graders entitled “When English Rings the Bell” published by the Ministry of Culture and Education of Indonesia in 2014. The study discussed what the teachers perceived as a good quality course-book and what recommendations they expected for the improvement of the course-book. The study was carried out in Bengkayang District. It employed a mixed-method with 15 English teachers as the research subjects. It applied the convenience sampling method and collected data using a questionnaire designed based on Tomlinson’s course-book evaluation framework and analyzed by interpreting the subjects’ answers. The finding revealed that the teachers perceived the course-book positively with some recommendations for its improvement.
 
The use of the internet for teaching and learning has become a global trend among the education practitioners over the recent decades. The integration of technology and media into Malaysian English as a Second Language (ESL) classrooms has altered the methods in English Language Teaching (ELT). In response to the impact of technology in ELT, the needs of a supplementary instructional platform, and the limitations of the learning management system (LMS) in fostering second language (L2) writing skill, a web-based instructional tool was designed and developed based on a theoretical-and-pedagogical framework namely Web-based Cognitive Writing Instruction (WeCWI). To determine the key concepts while identifying the research gap, this study conducted a literature review using online search on specific keywords including “blog”, “Blogger”, “widget”, and “hyperlink” found in the scholarly articles. Based on the review of literature, Blogger was opted due to its on-screen customisable layout editing features that can be embedded with web widgets and hypertext that share the identical features. By looking into the relationship between perceptual learning preferences on perceived information and the visual representations in iconic and symbolic views, the blogs can come with two different user interfaces embedded with web widgets or hypertext. The blog with web widgets appears in a graphical form of iconic view; while hypertext only displays textual form of symbolic view without involving the visual references. With the injection of web widgets and hypertext into the blogs, WeCWI attempts to offer a technological enhanced ELT solution to overcome the poor writing skill with a better engagement while learning online through the learners’ preferred perceptual learning preferences. *Downloadable full text is available at https://www.wecwi.com/post/mapping-research-routes
 
The purpose of this research was to develop an ELT supplementary student book on Saprahan for Cookery Department in vocational schools. Saprahan is the local traditional method of serving the dish for guests. Adopting a developmental method of research, ADDIE instructional design was employed as the phase in developing the materials. The book is intended to be extensive reading material. From the need analysis, it can be concluded that both the teachers and students need the product. Not only the product can be used in Special Menu or Food and Beverage Service as its supposedly original use, but it may also function as an English subject at school. The result of the design phase showed that the product was designed in a Content-Based Instruction philosophy. Then, the development phase successfully resulted in the production of an ELT supplementary student book on Saprahan with six units explaining general description, procedure, equipment, menus, event, and news of Saprahan. The implementation phase showed that all students were interested in the book and 81% of the students agreed that the book would enhance their learning. Finally, the experts’ assessment in the evaluation phase showed that the product was feasible and effective for students in enriching their knowledge and skills.
 
The Outline of the Pop-Up Book
Example of the Pop-Up Book Result
Coding Frequencies
Guideline for Students' Questionnaire
Evaluation Rubric
This research aims to develop Pop-Up Book as supplementary media to support the teaching of narrative texts and to evaluate whether or not the media are feasible to teach narrative texts to the tenth grade students of SMA Negeri 8 Pontianak. The media consisted of narrative texts with pop-up pictures. They were divided based on the structure of a narrative text. The materials were taken from the students’ textbook that the researcher has simplified. The procedures were adapted from ADDIE Model proposed by Branch and it used three phases, namely, Analyse, Design, and Develop. From analyse phase, it was found that the students needed interesting media that was visually attractive to engage them in the teaching learning process and to support the existing materials. The Design phase covered the aspects, which were the focus of the media, of the materials and the pictures for the media, and the structure of the media. The Development phase concerned the development of the essential parts of the media. According to the evaluation result, the media are considered feasible to be applied by the teachers to teach narrative text reading.
 
The relationship between teachers’ beliefs and their instructional practices has attracted educational researchers’ attention. The literature on teachers’ beliefs and classroom practices suggests that a sound understanding of those beliefs is extremely helpful in developing and implementing useful programs and effective in-service training. This study explores the complex relationship between the beliefs and practices of teachers from primary schools in Singapore, specifically looking at how instructional strategies are reflections of teacher beliefs on grammar instruction.Overall, the teachers who participated in this survey unanimously agree that grammar is important and has to be taught in primary school. They believe that grammar consists of rules of sentence formation, and the use of accurate tenses, and that grammar should focus on both form and meaning. Explicit discussion of grammatical rules in the classroom is thought to be extremely important in helping students acquire the English language and develop their writing skills.In terms of their classroom practices, the data suggests a more traditional approach of explicit teaching of grammar where rules and sentence structures are first taught to students and brought to their attention.
 
Changes in society need creative changes in education, including in English language teaching and learning. Society 5.0 needs more creative educators and researchers to help learners getting prepared for the future. This journal’s first volume (issues 1 and 2) reports fourteen creative studies and a review. In the next issues, more creative and innovative studies need to be done to open new horizons of language creative uses, innovations in language teaching, and innovations in teaching materials.
 
Distribution of metaphor within word classes, divided by L1
Specific instances for each word class illustrated by the italicized terms
This study aims at investigating the use of metaphor in learner language with a focus on interaction of word class and L1. The findings of previous studies on metaphor use in learner language point to the fact that metaphor is found in all word classes in learners’ written production, but that some word classes clearly favor metaphorical usage more than others. In similar fashion, the present investigation looked into the interaction between metaphor, word class, and L1, although within a single register and text type, i.e. argumentative essays produced by 20 novice writers. The model underlying the current study was Conceptual Metaphor Theory by Lakoff and Johnson (1980). Identification of metaphors was carried out based on MIP (Metaphor Identification Procedure) (Pragglejaz Group, 2007), a reliable and explicit tool for marking and identifying metaphorically used words. The hypothesis, based on previous research establishing this finding, was that prepositions top the list in this regard, being by far the most metaphorical word class. The cognitive predispositions made available by the student’s L1 are also of importance in this equation. Similar research would advance our understanding of the role of metaphor teaching, and in what form and to what degree it should be explicitly carried out.
 
Despite realising the importance of acquiring good speaking skill, English teachers in Indonesia find that it is challenging to get their learners to speak during classes. Potential reasons for reticence are: their lack of vocabulary, dependency of L1 translation, and tendency to give short answers. Therefore, it is crucial to provide the teachers with practical techniques that they can use in their daily teaching to address this reticence. By providing scaffolding to the speaking activities, which includes how to structure the speaking activities and prepare the learners before the activities, the teacher can make speaking tasks more productive for learners. Moreover, the amount of scaffolding can be adjusted to suit the characteristics and needs of the learners to create better and lasting impact.
 
One of learners’ difficulties in the English language subject is writing. It also happened at MTs Darussalam Sengkubang, Kalimantan Barat. This classroom action research was conducted in the MTs to solve the learners’ difficulty in writing recount texts. The classroom action research that was used in this study consisted of planning, acting, observing, and reflecting in cyclical process. In this research, the data were collected using field note, observation checklist, interview guideline, documentation, and individual test. The finding was that there was improvement on learners’ behavior in the process of teaching and learning through the implementation of clustering technique. The researcher concluded that clustering technique was improving the learners’ ability in generating ideas in recount text writing. Therefore,clustering technique could help the learners in learning process because this technique encouraged learners to learn actively.
 
The research is intended to analyze whether there is a correlation between students’ vocabulary mastery and cognitive learning style with their reading comprehension ability. Methodology: It was conducted in Muhammadiyah Vocational school Bandar Lampung. The sample comprises 30 students using random sampling technique. A questionnaire was used to trace students’ cognitive learning strategy, and two sets of tests were used to measure students’ vocabulary mastery and another to measure their reading ability. The instruments were tried out to determine the quality of validity, reliability, level of difficulty and discriminating power. The findings: It has been found that, first, there is a correlation between vocabulary mastery (X1) and reading comprehension (Y), where rx1.y = 0.35; second, there is a correlation between students’ cognitive learning style (X2) and their reading ability (Y). where rx2.y = 0.95, it is very strong correlation: and finally, there is a composite correlation between X1, X2, and their reading ability (Y). Multiple regression is 0.997 meaning that there is a positive and significant correlation between X1, X2, and Y. It suggests that to improve reading ability, teachers should develop students’ vocabulary mastery and cognitive learning style. Cognitive learning style and vocabulary mastery cannot be separated.
 
Communication strategy use varies with proficiency in the target language and less proficient learners rely on L1 strategies for conversational repair. In an English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) context where the technical register is unfamiliar, little is known on whether communication strategies can enable learners with limited English proficiency to overcome hesitancy in speech. The study examined learners’ use of communication strategies and fluency in group interactions in an EOP context using an integrated problem-solving, interactional and discourse-based framework of communication strategies. A 13-week communication strategy training was conducted focusing on conversational repair strategies (fillers, approximation, code-switching), meaning negotiation strategies (clarification request, comprehension check, confirmation check), response strategies (rephrase, shadowing, reply) and discourse-based strategies (lexical repetition, topic fronting). The results on communication strategy use in three group interaction sessions involving three participants showed that the most frequently used communication strategies were lexical repetition and fillers. The participants’ fluency, as measured in C-units and frequency of fillers, was higher when they interacted on familiar topics. The participants learnt to use discourse-based strategies but not meaning negotiation strategies. The findings suggest that for better negotiation of meaning, the communication strategy training needs to create metacognitive awareness of the interlocutors’ communicative needs.
 
This study scientifically aimed to investigate whether or not local materials influences reading comprehension towards students in general instructional settings, compared to global materials. The researcher conducted the study by collecting 20 empirical research articles from 2009 till 2018 through computer searches from the database and through book readings, related to global and local materials and experimental studies for investigating the effectiveness between the global and the local materials towards learner's reading comprehension. As soon as the researcher gathered the articles, the articles were then analyzed and synthesized into data results and discussion related to the theories. The researcher also consulted data result and consultation with the experts of the English Language Teaching Materials. The result had synthetically shown that the local materials, integrated local culture content inside were more active compared by the global materials for reading comprehension because of students' background knowledge of their local cultural familiarity in the target language materials. It also emphasized the strong influence of the usage of it for students' reading comprehension improvement.
 
This action research was carried out to find out whether the speaking activities that were done during English lessons could encourage the low proficiency students to speak English confidently. These students admitted that they were afraid of speaking English, particularly in front of their classmates. They had very low self- confidence and felt very anxious when they were asked to speak or present in English. For this research, five speaking tasks were incorporated in the English class with the aim of building up students’ confidence and at the same time encouraging them to speak and participate in the English speaking activities. The five tasks were: self- introduction, fairy tale role-play, open mic, product advertisement campaign and group decision making. These activities were carried out individually as well as in small groups. In short, all the students were given an equal chance to speak English and actively participate as individuals and as group members. Students’ positive responses signify the speaking tasks have helped to reduce their speaking anxiety, build up their confidence in speaking English and improve their speaking skills.
 
Editorial WCF
Editorial WCF
The Use of Non-Linguistic Features
This study examines written corrective feedback (WCF) provided by the lecturers on their supervisee-students' thesis drafts at the English Education Program, Faculty of Education, Jambi University. Following Kumar and Stracke (2007), the analysis focuses on the types and distribution of WCF by Holmes' (2008) three main categories of speech acts: (a) Referential (editorial, organization, content); (b) Directive (suggestion, question, instruction); and (c) Expressive (praise, criticism, opinion). The use of non-linguistic features such as question mark, interjection, circle, and underline was also identified to see the supervisors' emotional expressions during the interactions. The findings show that Referential was the most frequent types of WCF identified (131 out of 271 or 48.3 %), followed by Directive (107 or 39.5 %). Expressive, on the other hand, was not very common with only 33 instances (12.2%) found in the data. Overall, the majority of the lecturers' WCF were dominated by the use of Editorial (102 = 37.6 %) but with a very limited number of Opinion (4 = 1.5%)) and Content (6 = 2.2%). A total number of 394 non-linguistic symbols were identified along with the lecturers' WCF to show their personal and psychological expressions. Apart from its frequent absence in many students' writing assignments, the provision of WCF on the students' writing does not only play a key role in improving the students' writing but also accelerates their self-directed learning.
 
The present research was designed to investigate the English varieties encountered in an English coursebook applied throughout Indonesia. It applied a descriptive analysis. The data were sorted out from corpora. The research found out that the coursebook applied in Indonesian schools included different varieties of English. They were American, British, and American and British-like. The varieties here covered vocabulary, spelling, and grammar.
 
Coding frequency To get the percentage of evaluation, the data was analyzed by rating scale. Adapted from Harry Walker's instrument (2013), the rating scale was scored by the formula below:
This research aims to design workbook based on the scientific approach for teaching writing descriptive text. This research was conducted on the seventh-grade students of SMPN 24 Pontianak. The method of this research is ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation) with the exclusion of Implementation and Evaluation phases. This material was designed as supplementary material to support the course book used especially in teaching writing of descriptive text. The respondents in this research were the seventh-grade students and an English teacher at SMPN 24 Pontianak. In this research, the researchers found that workbook based on scientific approach fulfilled the criteria of the good book to teach writing descriptive text. The researchers conducted an internal evaluation to see the usability and the feasibility of the workbook. The result of the evaluation is 89%. It showed that the workbook is feasible to be used by students as the supplementary material to support the main course book and help the students improve their writing ability in descriptive text.
 
This research was aimed to develop a product named HoPALM, hot-potatoes assisted listening material for secondary high school students. This research applied development research and ADDIE procedure. In the analysis stage, the researcher found the fundamental problems and needs of the students as well as the opportunity as the background of developing HoPALM. In the designing and developing stage, the researcher collected the sources that needed and develop HoPALM by using the features available on the hot-potatoes program. After the product assessed by the material content and the multimedia experts, HoPALM considered as valid and applicable to use, the researcher implemented the product to the two school targets, SMA Negeri 1 and 2 Sungai Kakap. According to 208 students from two schools, as many as 156 students or 75% of them feel more motivated and prefer to learn English. As many as 123 students or 59.1% of them were able to overcome difficulties encountered. 120 students or 57.7% admitted that their listening ability increased. Furthermore, although not spontaneously, as many as 196 students or 95.6%, confessed being able to understand what they are listening to, especially if there are images in that section. Most importantly, as many as 120 students or 57.7% more motivated in learning English.
 
Year of publication, country, educational level and number of studies
Subjects, pedagogy, research methodology and number of studies
Digital storytelling (DST) is one of the helpful educational tools in the teaching and learning process. Nonetheless, there is a scarcity of systematic reviews to enlighten how it was applied and what was done in this area. This paper performed a systematic review of five articles on using DST to foster English speaking skills among learners. This research established continuous interest in the background of South-East Asian countries, including learners at the pre-school till tertiary education levels. DST has been used in the humanities and social sciences as either a stand-alone teaching or in conjunction with other teaching techniques. The review classified two directions (ideal and reflective) as well as six outcomes: affective, intellectual, educational, technical, linguistics, and communal. Hence, this study synthesizes and discusses further two issues: affective motivating passion and a creative, imaginative, and resourceful platform. It is hoped this study able to discuss potential explanations for these issues and offer insights for future studies.
 
Lack of knowledge about learning disability makes the English teachers in developing non-English speaking countries hardly distinguish the presence of students with learning disability among their students in their general setting classroom. Then, when they are able to identify their students having learning disabilities, other problems comes up since the schools do not have enough resources and special education services. It is so problematic since they cannot send these students to special education school as learning disability (LD) is still considered mild to attend the special education school. Related to the problem mentioned, this paper provides some teaching strategies from some experts that can be used to teach both students with and without learning disability in general setting classroom. These teaching strategies will be collected through reviewing all empirical research related to the topic. The result of this paper is a set of collected strategies to teach English language learners (ELLs) with and/or without learning disability (LD).
 
This research has a purpose to find the ways women express themselves through written form in social media, relationship between educational backgrounds of women and their language choice, and the markers of the women’s discourse. This research uses qualitative method by doing stratified random sampling and giving questionnaires. The data is analyzed by analyzing participants’ language choice in social media post and formal education status, then finding the similarities and differences, analyzing the relation between participants’ formal education status and their language choice in social media post, and analyzing the markers of women’s discourse in social media. The results of this study found that some women uses coherence and cohesive consistently, while some women choose to have very casual writing style. This study confirms that women tendency to use more standard forms is more likely to be driven by their awareness of using proper language, rather than as a way of claiming such status (Holmes, 2008). Lastly, this study figured that women usually use intra-sentential code-switch more often and women’s tendency to be more sensitive is the caused why women used a lot of adjective words related to feelings.
 
Motivation is undoubtedly an important factor in learning foreign languages. Yet, in English as foreign language context, like Indonesia, especially in West Kalimantan, not all students are motivated to learn English, a compulsory foreign language for secondary students. Thus, it is a necessity that teachers know how to increase students’ motivation. This paper analyses the issue of motivation in learning English as a compulsory subject in a foreign language context which can be useful for teachers and students to know what why motivation is important in learning foreign languages. Through reviewing related literatures to motivation, this paper outlines the role of motivation in learning a foreign language, and the problems of low motivation commonly found in EFL contexts. It also discusses some possible causes of low motivation as well as elaborates ways to increase students’ motivation.
 
This paper aims to assess the reliability of the instrument adapted to identify the level of e-learning readiness among English language teachers at secondary schools in Sabah, Malaysia. Five dimensions selected from Chapnick’s (2000) E-Learning Readiness Model (i.e., psychological readiness, technological skills readiness, equipment readiness, content readiness, and human resource readiness) were subjected for investigation. Using a simple random sampling, this quantitative research employed an online cross-sectional questionnaire to collect data from English language teachers at different secondary schools in Sabah. 72 English language teachers responded to the online questionnaire, where Cronbach’s alpha was used to test the reliability of the questionnaire items. Findings demonstrate that the overall Cronbach’s alpha of the survey reached 0.871. Further results show that the Cronbach’s alpha of the five dimensions ranges between 0.826 scored by Human Resource Readiness and 0.886 reported by Technological Skills Readiness. These findings show that the questionnaire is highly reliable to be used within the context of Sabah secondary schools. Limitations of the study and recommendations for further research are discussed.
 
This research used a descriptive method to explore the needs of tenth grade students in learning English writing. In order to achieve this purpose, classroom observation, questionnaire, and interview were conducted to collect the data. In addition, several related documents such as 2013 curriculum, syllabus, the current English textbook used were analyzed. The results showed that the students are in intermediate level. Moreover, they had difficulties to write in correct grammar. Furthermore, there was also a need to provide the topics related to art and culture and daily life in the language material. Malay culture became the choice of the students to be the theme of their learning material. Moreover, the learning material needed to be completed with the teacher’s book which could give guidance to the teacher about the instruction or method that could be used in the classroom. Finally, the findings would be used as the base for developing the English writing material.
 
This study aims to describe the students’ interests and perceptions in learning simple past tense by using the TGT (Team Game Tournament) technique. The situation in the teaching-learning process at an Islamic Junior High School in Pontianak has shown that there are still many problems that must be addressed, concerning English grammar. The researcher has encountered several problems such as student’s reluctance to participate, lack of interest, motivation, and attention in the classroom. The researcher employed Classroom Action Research as a means to solve the problems. The findings presented information regarding the use of TGT that could serve as a beneficial alternative in teaching grammar, particularly the simple past tense. Furthermore, the information will provide the teacher with useful insights on ways to teach and to motivate their students in the classroom.
 
Students' Motivation in Cycle 1 (Source: Susan Dewi, 2020)
The ability to speak in English is one of the requisite skills for vocational high school students majoring in hospitality training. However, most tenth-grade students manifested insufficient skills in speaking English, which resulted in low confidence in speaking. To cope with the challenge, the researchers implemented modified role-play and guided writing to stimulate students in speaking English in classroom action research. The procedure of the research consisted of planning, acting, observing and reflecting. The researchers employed observation, questionnaire, documentation and field notes in collecting the data. The research findings presented that the students’ motivation to practice their speaking had increased significantly. Thus, the researchers conclude that role-play and guided writing can be used as a communicative activity where students can simultaneously practise and improve their proficiency in communicating. The researchers also propose suggestion to fellow English teachers to effectively manage the time as well as engaging media to create an enjoyable atmosphere in the teaching-learning process through role-play and guided writing.
 
Difficulties Encountered in Post-Pandemic English Learning (Source: Primary Data, 2021)
This study explores forms of social cohesiveness, the factors that encourage the realization of social cohesiveness, and the impact of social cohesiveness on actors involved in learning English after the Covid-19 pandemic. As the primary research data, the research employs the qualitative descriptive research method based on interviews with ten students from rural areas in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. For secondary data, the authors employed theoretical studies and previous research results from books, articles, and other scientific publications. The findings of this study suggest that there has been a positive interaction where teachers and students strengthen each other in the English learning process after the Covid-19 pandemic. This interaction is seen to foster social cohesiveness, which can be a teaching innovation for achieving learning targets. Social cohesiveness becomes a part of the process of transforming the capacity of each actor and is a form of social resilience in learning English after the Covid-19 pandemic. The findings implicate the developing humanistic innovations of English language teaching in a rural setting and recognize the peculiar limitations of the setting.
 
Top-cited authors
Dwi Riyanti
  • Tanjungpura University
Ikhsanudin Ikhsanudin
  • Tanjungpura University
Rofiza Aboo Bakar
  • Universiti Teknologi MARA
Sudarsono Sudarsono
  • Tanjungpura University
Adrefiza Adrefiza
  • Universitas Jambi