International Social Work

Published by SAGE Publications
Print ISSN: 0020-8728
Publications
This article examines American public opinion towards genetic engineering, genetic testing and abortion. The findings indicate that the American public is increasingly ambivalent regarding these procedures. Contextually, these findings are discussed in the light of changing social and political attitudes towards genetic engineering, genetic testing and abortion.
 
To inform social work practice with adolescents who may consume alcohol, we examined if alcohol use among Chilean adolescents varied as a function of their mothers' and their own religiosity and spirituality. Data were from 787 Chilean adolescents and their mothers. Adolescent spirituality was a protective factor against more deleterious alcohol use. Parental monitoring and alcohol using opportunities mediated the associations. The practice of religious behaviors by themselves without meaningful faith were not associated with alcohol use among adolescents. Implications for social work practice are discussed.
 
"Advocacy" has emerged as a key concept in the process of the modernization of western psychiatry. This article combines a general discussion of the advocacy approach with an analysis of its application in practice. Two projects which are among the most advanced projects of professional advocacy in European mental health are used for discussion. The comparison shows a number of common organizational characteristics between the two models but also some striking differences which mainly concern the advocate-patient relationship. These differences can be traced back to specific socio-political and cultural backgrounds in the two countries.
 
The medical procedure of transplanting human organs has created a market for transplantable organs. Social workers involved in the organ procurement process face ethical dilemmas regarding clients' identity and primacy of interests, timing of the request for organ donation, possible presence of undue pressure or manipulation for consent, competing interests, and issues of confidentiality. The role of social work in the process and possible ways of dealing with these dilemmas are discussed. Distinction between bereavement counselling and organ procurement in the emergency-room situation, and separate social workers for donor and recipient, when organ transplantation is planned within the family, are suggested.
 
In a national survey, Israeli social workers report dealing with an average of five ethical dilemmas in their practice. Confidentiality, duty to warn, number of client contacts, competency, informed consent and truth-telling were the top dilemmas resolved with the assistance of colleagues, supervisors and the code of ethics. Competency-based education and training would increase social workers' ability to identify and successfully cope with ethical dilemmas.
 
English Homeless youth peer relationships in the USA and South Korea were examined in the context of youth homelessness as a growing global concern. Although some aspects of street life transcended culture, individual and group behaviors varied according to perspectives related to individualism or collectivism. Service delivery systems need to develop culturally specific interventions. French Cette recherche sur les relations entre les jeunes aux États-Unis et en Corée du Sud a été entreprise dans le cadre du phénomène croissant des jeunes sans-abri à l’échelle mondiale. Bien que certains aspects de la vie dans la rue transcendent la culture, les comportements individuels et de groupe varient en fonction des perspectives relatives à l’individualisme ou au collectivisme. Les systèmes de prestation de services doivent donc mettre au point des approches pouvant répondre aux spécificités culturelles. Spanish Se examinó la relación entre los jóvenes sin hogar en los Estados Unidos y en Corea del Sur, en el contexto de la juventud en desamparo, como una preocupación creciente a nivel global. Aunque algunos aspectos de la vida en la calle transcienden la cultura, las conductas individuales y grupales variaron de acuerdo con perspectivas relativas al individualismo o al colectivismo. Los sistemas de otorgamiento de servicios necesitan desarrollar intervenciones culturalmente específicas.
 
Explores the direction of the field of mental retardation in Asian countries in the next 10 yrs. Current trends in mental retardation include protecting human rights, arousing public concern, putting normalization into practice, bridging the gap between research and practice, developing more employment opportunities, searching for a better curriculum, caring for the aging mentally retarded population, providing more quality education, and improving quality of life. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Examines the psychoactive substance use situation in Israel and the social approaches to the problem. On the basis of an epidemiological survey (Z. Barnea et al, 1990) conducted in Israel, predicted trends and needs in the area of substance abuse in the 21st century are analyzed. The authors recognize 3 main actions that need to be taken by Israeli society in order to cope with its drug problem: (1) to develop and formulate social policy; (2) to conduct current systematic research; and (3) to develop an intervention infrastructure (prevention and education, treatment and rehabilitation) compatible with the scope and patterns of use. Practical recommendations are offered to integrate the subject of substance abuse into the curricula of social work. (French and Spanish abstracts) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Compared lifestyles of 100 people (aged 14.6–47 yrs) who abused drugs and 100 people (aged 15.1–45.3 yrs) who did not abuse drugs. Areas addressed were misconduct, usual activities, and health conditions before their drug abuse experience. Ss who abused drugs were differentiated from controls by leisure activities, places frequented, misbehavior, and health problems prior to taking drugs, which suggests that people, especially adolescents and young adults, who usually pursue negative leisure activities, frequent places for sensual enjoyment, commit misdeeds, or have certain health complaints are more likely to resort to drug abuse. (French & Spanish abstracts) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Examined acculturation, psychological adjustment, and the academic achievement of Jamaican immigrant college students. 150 Jamaican immigrant students (aged 18-48 yrs) completed questionnaires regarding sociodemographic information and background factors, acculturation, self-esteem, stress, and depression. Results show that with increased acculturation Ss experienced greater stress and depression, which caused a decline in both their grade point averages and in their self-esteem. Those Ss who returned home frequently, communicated with relatives and family, and were late arrivals had high grade point averages and were less acculturated. The early-arrival immigrants (aged 30-35 yrs) were more acculturated, married, and naturalized citizens. They returned home less frequently, lost family ties, and consequently their strong motivation towards achievement. Ss who were married and whose spouses were non-Jamaicans tended to experience more stress because of the dissimilarities in cultures. This was associated with an increase in their depressive states and a reduction in their self-esteem. Ss with Jamaican spouses tended to be less acculturated and exhibited high levels of self-esteem, with low levels of depression and stress with high grade point averages. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Conducted a 2nd follow-up of a study conducted by C. Bagley and L. Young (1981) of 44 Chinese women (aged 22–28 yrs) who had been adopted as children by British parents. 28 control Ss, who were White and of European ethnicity, were compared to adopted Ss in the areas of occupation, education, mental health, self-esteem, self-sentiment, and self-actualization. Only 3 of the 44 adopted Ss had manifest problems of mental health or adjustment or were not performing at their full potential. Three adopted Ss had high levels of anxiety that seemed to impair their ability to operate efficiently in social and occupational spheres. Most adopted Ss seem to have been successful. Few adopted Ss reported that they had been discriminated against socially or occupationally. Almost all seemed at ease in a variety of social and professional situations, and had high levels of educational and occupational advancement. (Spanish abstract) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Assessed the level of knowledge about AIDS/HIV among social work students, determined their attitudes towards people with AIDS and toward homosexuals, and assessed their perception of personal risk of contracting AIDS. 284 19–24 yr old social work graduate students completed questionnaires assessing their knowledge and perceptions. Results show that on average the Ss were fairly knowledgeable about HIV/AIDS, although they were deficient in their knowledge about crucial areas of AIDS prevention. Although Ss were quite informed about AIDS, they did not have adequate knowledge considering their focal position in the development and implementation of health care services to meet the social and psychological needs of the AIDS-infected individual. It is concluded that AIDS knowledge is necessary but not clearly sufficient to achieve the goal of AIDS education, unless the educations content addresses students' emotions and attitudes likely to have impact on their work with clients. This study has shown that accurate knowledge is associated with positive attitudes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Studied the under-use of professional psychological services by the Arabs of Jaffa, a mixed Arab–Jewish section of Tel Aviv. Specifically, this study examined 2 possible reasons why Jaffa's Arab do not seek professional help for their family and personal problems: (1) the possibility that the under-use of professional services is associated with both negative attitudes towards psychological help-seeking, and (2) the availability of alternative sources of assistance in the community. 242 Arab female residents of Jaffa were interviewed, 20 of which were currently using the Jaffa Marital and Family Counseling Service. Findings suggest that neither negative attitudes nor positive attitudes towards seeking help through culturally approved channels account for the under-use of professional help by Jaffa's Arabs. The majority of Ss favored dealing with family problems within the nuclear family itself. Results show a substantial discrepancy between Ss' attitudes and actual help seeking behavior. That is, the percentage of Ss that actually used psychotherapeutic services was much lower than the percentage expressing a positive attitude toward seeking help. Other reasons for the under-utilization of services, such as cultural factors, are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Explored the variables influencing commitment to the social work profession. Ss were 271 social work students (mean age 26.2 yrs) in 5 universities in Israel. Findings indicate that affective commitment is stronger than continuance commitment among social workers. The accepted wisdom is that social workers stay in the profession because of attitudes, feelings, and identification, and not because of material rewards or job security. However, job satisfaction is an important component of commitment. The strongest predictor of commitment was the variable "would not change profession." The 2nd strongest predictor of commitment was satisfaction with academic studies. "Single, living alone" was the 3rd strongest predictor. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Examined the difficulties of adult immigrants in Israel who care for both young children and older relatives sharing the same household. 40 caregivers (CGs) were surveyed. Findings show that for the majority of cases, the 3-generational family unit was a new arrangement necessitated by immigration. Moreover, there was a reported deterioration in the physical and psychological condition of the elderly family members in Israel so that CGs were spending more time caring for them. More than half of the CGs reported stress, including emotional strain from financial burdens, time demands, and the need to balance family and personal plans. CG strain was best explained by a model consisting of 4 variables: health condition of the elderly person, amount of care provided, psychological condition of the children, and length of stay in the new country. Different kinds of help that may be offered by social workers are outlined. (French and Spanish abstracts) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Examined the relationship between occupational stress and burnout (BNO) among 155 outreaching social workers in Hong Kong. Ss completed an occupational stress scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Ss experienced high BNO in emotional exhaustion, lack of personal accomplishment, and depersonalization. 22% of Ss felt that they could no longer dedicate themselves to work as they had intended. 40% of Ss lacked a sense of personal accomplishment. 31% of Ss showed negative impersonal attitudes toward their clients. Compared to social workers in Western countries (C. Maslach and S. E. Jackson, 1981), fewer Ss experienced BNO in aspects of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, but more Ss experienced high BNO in lack of personal accomplishment. Ss experienced occupational stress in the aspects of lack of extrinsic rewards, excessive work load, and role ambiguity. (Spanish abstract) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Examined the situation of 590 children (aged 1–18 yrs) in foster care in Israel. Findings are based on social workers' annual reports on childrens' situation and on the plans for their immediate and long-term future. Results showed very few cases of severe problems such as delinquency, drug abuse, running away from home, and sexual neglect. Problems of identity and belonging, self-esteem, and school achievement were more frequent. Boys were found to have significantly more behavior problems than girls, and older Ss had more problems than younger Ss up to 9 yrs old, with preadolescents (aged 10–22 yrs), having the most. Findings show that children in foster care in Israel are expected to remain in care, with few children returning to their biological homes. The low incidence of extreme and/or disturbed behavior may be related to their relatively long stay in care and to plans to keep them in their present placement. (French and Spanish abstracts) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Presents a system for the definition of street children that can be applied cross-culturally, and for their differentiation from related populations. Relatedness to accepted norms and family involvement are the basis of the system. A continuum between high and low extremes of these factors form the basis of a classification system which can then be used to formulate appropriate level-of-need based intervention programs. Recommendations for effective outreach programs are given. (Spanish abstract) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Social work educators and programs are assigned the responsibility of guarding the gates to the profession in order to maintain professional standards, protect public interest and safeguard the best interest of students as they select their future vocation. This article presents relevant gatekeeping literature, identifies some overlooked challenges and provides some needed direction as undergraduate social work programs begin to address the collision of ideal and reality in this seemingly simple yet perplexing issue.
 
Examines the impact of social work education on students in constructing social problems and provides an instrument for social work educators to monitor their influence on the construction of social problems. A 5-yr cohort study was begun with 456 undergraduates in Israel. Ss rated the urgency of 26 social problems on a questionnaire and then chose the 5 most urgent problems (to measure the profession's role in highlighting certain problems). Over the course of the cohort, it was found that a professional socialization shifted the emphasis from more idealistic problems to more realistic problems, sometimes overlooking the urgency of certain issues as the Ss' education progressed. (Spanish abstract) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Focuses on the ethical dilemmas that social workers encountered during the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Five cases are cited in which the social worker was faced with an ethical dilemma. Three root causes of ethical dilemmas in social work have been derived from these cases: (1) competing values, (2) competing loyalties, and (3) ambiguity and uncertainty. Ambiguity and uncertainty appeared to be the biggest contributor to ethical dilemmas. Social workers involved in wartime emergency social work suggest 3 ethical principles when forced to make ethical decisions: protecting life, promoting autonomy, and choosing the least harm, most reversible option. Although these ethical dilemmas are more intense and more difficult to resolve than ethical problems that arise in normal times, the guides that social workers use to resolve ethical problems remain the same as those that they always use. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
One of the major challenges facing those entering a profession (and then trying to remain abreast of both new knowledge for practice and new practice knowledge) is that they have to come to terms with a large and wide range of concepts or ideas that form its lexicon. Human dignity means that we are to respect and behave towards others in ways that increase their gravitas, their importance or worthiness, their 'weightiness' if you like, and, their significance in their own eyes (self-respect) and in the eyes of others. The concept of human dignity is deeply embedded in the theology of many religions and in moral and political philosophy. Indeed, human dignity has become a central concept in international instruments that deal with human rights and in the constitutions of many modern nation states as well. This brief analysis of the meaning of human dignity has sought to grasp and hold on to the slippery fish, to more precisely articulate one of the important values of those engaged in social work, whether locally or in an international context. The overview of some of this concept's practice implications suggests to me that social workers are a very privileged lot. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Distribution of the sources of support reported by men (% of all the sources reported)
Mean BSI scores in the original and the follow-up studies
Distribution of the sources of support reported by women (% of all the sources reported)
Distribution of the sources of support reported in the ®rst place by men (% of all sources reported in the ®rst place)
Distribution of the sources of support reported in the ®rst place by women (% of all sources reported in the ®rst place)
Psychological distress, social support and the relationships between them were studied in a group of immigrant university students from the FSU in Israel. The research was performed in two stages: an original study that included 892 respondents and a follow-up after two years on a small part the original sample (68). A high level of psychological distress was found, which persisted for two years. The social support network that was revealed consisted mainly of fellow immigrants from the FSU, half of whom were the respondents' parents. The results are discussed in light of accounts by immigrant adolescents and the cultural specificity of young immigrants with Soviet backgrounds. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Discusses the training for international social work (SW) and some initial experiences. A course in SW is described in which 12 British and 12 Danish undergraduates studied together and then worked in their respective countries. The language issue is addressed and the history of the SW role is outlined, as are course content, teaching style, and placements. The Ss found enough values, skills, and knowledge in common that the concept of a European social worker seems possible. (French & Spanish abstracts) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Discusses homelessness from the perspective of homeless people. From participant observations and interviews arise a typology of homelessness that can provide a foundation for policy decisions and social work intervention. A historical overview and description of the situation in the US is followed by testimonials of homeless people; the presentation of a typology; and a discussion of the implications for policy practice, advocacy, and education. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Analyzes research concerning the environment of Hong Kong as it relates to possible factors contributing to juvenile crime. Data suggest that juvenile behavior problems are associated with a disorganized family, inadequate parental supervision, poor school performance, and association with undesirable peers. Recent research suggests a 4-system framework to explain the genesis of juvenile behavioral problems: the wider social environment, family, school, and peers. Characteristics of the Hong Kong society are discussed (e.g., double standards for adults and youths, materialism, personal exposure) to explain the genesis of juvenile behavioral problems. Following the change of family economic activities, parental concern, family size, and housing environment; children's affective bond with family and home is shrinking. Multiple causes for juvenile crime require multiple reacting forces to work at multiple levels. An informed community is essential. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Surveyed 103 7th–9th grade students in India to ascertain the extent of their knowledge of and attitudes toward leprosy. Even though all Ss came from educated and literate families living in areas containing leprosy control programs, their knowledge was found to be inadequate. Only 19 of the Ss knew that leprosy is curable, and only 17 Ss knew of the simple treatment for the disease. It is suggested that health education should be made compulsory. (6 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
 
Social Development is a term that has gained greater usage in the Last ten to fifteen years. It is a concept introduced by the U.N., adopted by developing countries and is gaining momentum in the U.S. This introductory article discusses the genesis, concebts and philosophical bases of social development. It also attempts to gain an understanding of the differences and or areas of agreement between social work, social welfare and social development.
 
English This reanalysis by region pro.les social work education in 392 programs worldwide. The data veri.ed the .rm base of social work education at universities; demonstrated remarkable consistency across all regions in curriculum structure, pedagogy and content; and con.rmed a strong international perspective through multiple faculty and program exchanges. French Cette nouvelle analyse, par ré gion, trace le profil de l'enseignement en travail social dispensé par 392 programmes à l'é chelle mondiale. Les donné es corroborent que les programmes d'enseignement en travail social sont bien é tablis au niveau universitaire; elles dé montrent é galement une remarquable homogé né ité à travers les ré gions tant du point de vue de la structure des programmes, de la pé dagogie que du contenu; et confirment en outre qu'il existe de ré elles perspectives internationales par l'entremise des nombreux é changes entre programmes et faculté s. Spanish Se examina la educación del trabajo social en 392 programas a travé s de todo el mundo. Los datos verificaron la firme base que tiene el trabajo social en las universidades; demostraron asimismo, a travé s de todas las regiones, una gran coherencia de estructura curricular, pedagogía, y contenido; tambié n se confirmóuna fuerte perspectiva internacional a travé s de mu´ ltiples intercambios de programas y profesorado.
 
This article is based on the accounts of a group of children who work at an artisanal gold mining site. Their work is potentially harmful; yet, it is also the means by which they attempt to access their rights to education and other opportunities. The article argues that child labour preventative efforts must recognize and address this complication. This is in order to develop interventions that unquestionably serve some working children’s best interests.
 
Peer Reviewed http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/67640/2/10.1177_002087286200500402.pdf
 
Historically, spirituality has shared a tenuous position with social work. Scholarship underpinning its relevance to client well-being and anti-oppressive practice has proliferated, entrenching its niche in education. In South Africa, very little empirical work exists except for a survey with final year social work students. This article presents findings made with a national survey of academics: 66 educators from 16 universities participated indicating positive views on spirituality in education and practice in South Africa.
 
The public demand for accountability of human services has been increasing in the United States. Despite the growing importance of public accountability as a special responsibility of social workers, little information is available in U.S. on how these pro fessionals react to the implementation of accountability programs. The survey reported in this paper was made to explore the attitudes of social workers in U.S. hospitals toward PSRO, a nationwide health care service review system. The paper presents a descriptive overview of significant aspects of American social workers' personal attitudes toward various issues of current concern about this accountability system.
 
Based on the self-accounts of children-in-conflict-with-law (CCL) in Indian-held Kashmir (IHK), this article attempts to understand the psychosocial issues of children in conflict zones. The issues of torture and imprisonment are extremely serious concerns of children experiencing an armed conflict. This article studies the lived experiences of Kashmiri children and analyses their self-accounts through an interpretative phenomenological frame. This qualitative investigation explores the meanings and interpretations that the CCL attach to their experiences of torture and incarceration. The exposure to such adversity chronically endangers their social, economic, psychological and physical well-being.
 
This paper addresses the potential benefits of Child Savings Accounts (CSAs) in citizen–government partnerships on poverty reduction. CSA policies from 10 countries/regions in the world with official governmental website information are analyzed in terms of purpose, target age, account opening process, benefits, contributions, match, and fund usage as possible learning lessons for the USA. All 10 countries/regions with national CSA policies target low-income or disadvantaged children through five elements: 1) seed money for children’s education funds; 2) matching fund; 3) school attendance requirements; 4) graduation as a requirement; and 5) income determination. Aversion to higher taxes may still create difficulties in funding.
 
In this qualitative study, 48 female prostitutes from Mumbai, India were interviewed to understand their experiences related to their entry into prostitution. Respondents’ vulnerabilities and the role of family and acquaintances in entry were researched. The findings of the study indicate that poverty, marital abuse, sexual abuse and the death of a parent or husband were the main reasons for entry into prostitution. The majority of the respondents were sold into prostitution by family members or acquaintances. This research provides recommendations for policy, practice and research in the area of sex trafficking.
 
Internationalized providers of care services face competing incentives and pressures relating to profit and quality. Case studies of corporate providers of long-term care in the UK demonstrate that their mode of organization has important implications for both user choice and the organization of care work. French Les fournisseurs internationalisés sont soumis à des pressions et à des incitatifs concurrentiels pour produire des profits et de la qualité. Des études de cas portant sur les fournisseurs institutionnels d'assistance à long terme au Royaume-Uni révèlent que leur mode d'organisation a d'importantes répercussions tant au niveau du choix des bénéficiaires qu'au niveau de l'organisation du travail d'assistance. Spanish Los prestadores transnacionales de servicios se enfrentan con incentivos que compiten entre sí y con la tensión entre calidad y ganancia. Se estudian unoscasos de prestadores de cuidados de larga duración en el Reino Unido. Estos demuestran que el modo de organización tiene consecuencias importantes, tanto para opciones abiertas al usuario como para la organización de los cuidados.
 
Peer Reviewed http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/66665/2/10.1177_002087289203500214.pdf
 
Community-based intervention techniques inspired by Freirian educational philosophy can be adopted by social workers to address deep-seated problems of poverty and underdevelopment in different parts of the world, thus helping to transcend the profession's narrow remedial focus. A case study from Brazil's western Amazonia illustrates how NGO activists have performed innovative roles in the areas of collective self-defence, education and alliance-building, thus assisting previously threatened and vulnerable riverine fishing communities to enhance their standards of living and sustain local livelihoods while conserving common natural resources.
 
Drawing on qualitative data, this article attempts to clarify the language of spirituality as used in relation to addiction and recovery. It explores what is meant by ‘spirituality’ in the context of 12-step programmes followed in the numerous anonymous mutual help groups which address the problem of addiction to a variety of substances and behaviours, and raises some of the most frequently cited problems with a ‘spiritual’ approach. It argues that wariness on the part of social workers (and other professionals) of 12-step programmes on grounds of their religious/spiritual dimension may benefit from reconsideration. It also suggests that social workers might be informed and empowered to support those individuals and families who chose to seek recovery through the 12 steps.
 
Since the Arusha Declaration in 1967, Adult Education in Tanzania has become a major instrument in national development. Programs in literacy, health care and hygiene, and in the acquisition of technical competence have been parti cularly successful because adult education has been approached as an intrinsic and meaningful part of the learner's life. The purpose of education has changed from the learning of skills to the learn ing of self-reliance and the improvement of life in both individual and national levels. For example, in the teaching of literacy, attention is focused on subjects such as health, agricultural techniques, or political responsibilities and literacy is included in response to demand as the learners become aware of its functional importance. This paper critically reviews various adult education programs in Tanzania, particularly focusing on "Literacy for Working" and radio programs with discussion groups.
 
Social work is unusual among the professions for its commitment to advocacy on behalf of the poor, the dispossessed and the disadvantaged. International human rights and the promotion of social and economic justice are clearly a part of this mission. The article addresses an emerging aspect of advocacy by examining the nexus between international social and economic justice issues and the social work response. It addresses the revolution in advocacy methods created by information technology. These new techniques can offer a wealth of opportunities to further develop the international advocacy component of the social work profession. The impacts these new methods can have on the creation of justice on a global level are discussed.
 
The is article discusses the relationship between community-based human rights advocacy practice and peace education to understand how their intersections can promote social work practice that addresses domestic conditions significant to the advancement of sustainable peace between societies in regions of acute political conflict. A training program for social workers engaged in community-based human rights advocacy practice in the Middle East is described.
 
Following the terrorist attacks on New York and London, the counterterrorism legislation in the UK strengthened surveillance and national security and led to the incarceration of many Muslim men. Whilst the treatment of prisoners and detainees received considerable attention in public debate, the families that are left behind have been neglected by politicians, academics, the media and service providers alike. This article reflects on the experiences of conducting a small exploratory study amongst such families in the West Midlands and highlights some of the ways in which the heightened concerns about national security impinged upon the research process.
 
During Sierra Leone’s civil war, women and girls experienced numerous forms of gender-based violence and gross human rights violations, which had profound implications both during and following the conflict. In the war’s aftermath, Sierra Leonean social workers provided crucial forms of support to war-affected women and girls. Drawing on in-depth interviews, this article explores local forms of social work assistance provided to women in the post-conflict period. The article examines the assistance provided, the techniques and approaches of local practitioners, and the perceived impact of the interventions. In examining these post-war interventions, we highlight the unique local approaches to practice, and their implications for international social work practice and research.
 
Top-cited authors
Lena Dominelli
  • Durham University
John R. Graham
  • University of British Columbia - Okanagan
Rory Truell
Miu Chung Yan
  • University of British Columbia - Vancouver
Golam M. Mathbor
  • Monmouth University