International Journal of Science Annals

Published by Kharkiv Regional Public Organization - Culture of Health
Print ISSN: 2617-2682
Publications
Background and Aim of Study: Nowadays the whole human race is undergoing a crisis caused by the CoVID-19 pandemic, whose duration and consequences are difficult to forecast. In the face of the real danger we begin redefining conceptual bases of mankind, as well as the role of the state as a guarantor of the health safety of its citizens and the world community. The aim of the study: to explore the influence of different approaches to solving the pandemic problem in Ukraine, Singapore, and China on the indicators of CoVID-19 dynamics. Material and Methods: A complex of methods was used: theoretical – factor-criterion analysis, abstraction, comparison, synthesis, systematisation, generalisation; empirical – observational methods (systematic observation); methods of mathematical analysis. Results: The study of the indicators dynamics showed that different approaches to solving the pandemic problem in Ukraine and Singapore had significant differences. Compared to Singapore in Ukraine for 4 months in 2020, the number of CoVID-19 cases is 22.5 times higher, the number of recovered is only 6.5 times higher, and the number of deaths is multiple times higher: 2908.5 times. The connection between the dynamics of the CoVID-19 pandemic (cases, recovered, deaths) in Ukraine, Singapore, China and the measures taken by the governments of these countries, as well as the personal responsibility of the population, was determined in the study. Conclusions: The infection which appeared in one country can transform into a global world problem in a matter of seconds. Responsible policy and practice instead of manipulation and bureaucracy are able to protect people of the risk group and create favourable conditions for life activity of those who do not belong to this group. Important factors in successfully overcoming the pandemic is the personal responsibility of citizens and health culture of the population.
 
With the middle of March 2020 the news of breakout of the pandemic had been assured around the world, spreading the uncertainty and worry in a very ambiguous atmosphere all over the world (World Health Organization, 2020b). World health organization with the group of 20 (G-20) and United Nations (UN) at 26 of March 2020 committed collaboration in facing the pandemic (Khashaba, 2020). All countries including Egypt worked according to the recommendation of the World health organization plan in facing this pandemic, taking into account the safety rules in all sectors of the society (World Health Organization, 2020a) up to date efforts to help control and manage the COVID19 and NCOVID19. As a part of Information and Decision Support Center – Egyptian Cabinet keenness on spreading public opinion awareness, the center is publishing a newsletter about the implications of the new Corona-Virus, with the purpose of presenting the latest updates on the international level, and the most important measures and initiatives that can be of benefit in health sector, education sector, professions and social sectors too (Information and Decision Support Center System, 2020) side to side with the Regional and international efforts (Madoui & Bendjeroua, 2020’ Namsolleck & Moll, 2020). Although of having hard time and big challenges to protect ourselves and loved ones, it is always possible to keep a positive mindset and stay resilient. When we look back to the last eight months we will find out how every one of us had the opportunity to test his will power to continue our achievements in education, profession, social, health fields.
 
The eternal dilemma of quality or quantity affects many areas of human life. One of these areas is the publishing industry. This issue is particularly acute for scientific periodicals. The aim of the study. To analyze the dilemma of the quality or quantity of papers in the publication of a scientific periodical Journal, and to share the four-year experience of publishing the International Journal of Science Annals (IJSA) with publishers, editors, reviewers, and authors. Scientific periodicals should solve the dilemma of quality and quantity of papers definitely in favor of quality. Journals should be committed to a high standard of editorial ethics. Journals should have a clear and precise procedure for reviewing and selecting papers for publication. Journals should necessarily consider the possible conflict of interest in research between authors, editors, reviewers, funders, etc. Journals should motivate young talented scientists to publish their manuscripts by providing them with editorial support in the preparation of the manuscript and funding for its publication. The implementation of these key principles will contribute both to the development of science in general and the Journal in particular.
 
Questions asked on the topic heart and lungs.
Background and Aim of Study: As anatomy subject is the basis of the MBBS curriculum, it’s clear understanding and knowledge is needed. Syllabus of anatomy is vast and also volatile, to summarise large amounts of facts and train students for acquisition of the skills, we believe that students learn by practice. Due to COVID-19 crisis on educational system online learning and assessment of students has become a preferable replacement of conventional in person teaching and learning. The aim of the study: to determine the perception of first year MBBS students on online self-assessment tool in anatomy, to evaluate their academic achievements during COVID-19 crisis. Material and Methods: The present study included 50 students of first year MBBS of Saveetha Medical College. Steps to conduct the aim for divided in two google forms, one contains challenging questions on the topic Lungs and Heart and other was a questionnaire to know the students’ perception on this online assessment tool. Results: It was observed that majority of the students have attempted the first google form and have also performed really well in it. 80% of the students were successful in giving the right answer for the questions given. In the second google form, which was a questionnaire, 85% of the students have found this online self-assessment to be really useful, interesting and easy way of learning. They found the questions to be challenging and help them to remember the topic in a long run. 91% of the students have liked the way of learning. Conclusions: Online self-assessment tool definitely proved to be a student friendly method of learning. This method gave them a way to learn and practice their subject topics as well as helped them in improving their perception and memory.
 
The Number of Oncology Surgeries
The Number of Outpatient Visits
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed an unprecedented threat to global healthcare delivery. Moewardi Hospital was appointed by the government of Indonesia to be a COVID-19 one of regional hospital by June 2020. Other than COVID-19 cases, the hospital also provides care for other diseases which also provides care for oncology patients. The aim of the study: to assess the impact of the social restriction on oncology services in this hospital. Materials and Methods: This study compares the number of patients undergoing oncology surgery in the Central Surgery Unit and the number of patients attending the Outpatient Surgical Oncology Unit in March to July 2020 with the number of patients in the same timeframe in the previous year (2019). Results: The number of oncology operations in the Central Surgery Unit of Moewardi Hospital declined substantially during the 5-month pandemic period compared to the same period in the previous year, 2019 (p<0.001). There was also a significant drop in the number of patients attending the outpatient surgical oncology clinic during the pandemic period compared to the previous year (p<0.001) The lowest number of oncology surgeries occurred in April 2020, which was 20 patients. The lowest number of patients visited was 170 outpatients in March 2020. Thyroid and skin cancer cases were the most notable decline in surgical oncology cases in the Central Surgery Unit. The largest number of outpatients in the outpatient surgical oncology clinic during the COVID-19 pandemic was mammae and thyroid cancer. Conclusions: There was a decline in surgical oncology activities, which culminated in a significant decrease in surgical oncology patients in the Central Surgery Unit and the patient visit to the Moewardi Hospital outpatient oncology clinic during the COVID-19 pandemic.
 
Dear Readers and Authors, It is a great honor for us to publish the International Journal of Science Annals (IJSA) for the fourth year in a row. IJSA is an academic periodical peer-reviewed indexed Journal that provides a scientific platform for presenting and discussing new trends and issues in Social and Behavioral Sciences. IJSA mission: international cooperation of scientists conducting research in the field of integration of human sciences and health. IJSA Editorial Board includes the most authoritative scientists from 17 countries, 5 continents in the fields of Education, Psychology, Medicine. For 3.5 years of its existence, the IJSA is presented in more than 35 international scientometric databases, repositories and search engines, such as Crossref System, Google Scholar, OAJI (USA); ISSN, ROAD (France); COPE, EndNote, OpenDOAR, CORE, Jisc (UK); DOAJ, Scilit (Switzerland); Publons (New Zealand); ERIH PLUS, OpenAIRE (Norway); BASE, ResearchGate, ASI (Germany); MIAR (Spain); Index Copernicus International (Poland); DRJI (India); RSCI (Russia); OUCI, National Library of Ukraine (Ukraine), etc. It is a great honor and responsibility for the IJSA to become a full member of the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) (https://is.gd/COPE_IJSA) The IJSA is indexed in: ICI ICV 91.27; ICDS 3.5; CGIJ OAJI 0.251
 
Background and Aim of Study: Combat actions that have taken place over the past f our years in eastern Ukraine have a negative impact on the physical and mental health of the combatants. Under these conditions, the psyche of military personnel operates on the brink of its own resources, and prolonged participation in hostilities can lead to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder. Therefore, timely measures of prevention and control of combat stress, psychological rehabilitation of military personnel after engagement in combat will significantly reduce psychogenic injuries, prevent the emergence of mental disorders from combatants. The aim of the study: to develop, scientific ally substantiate and to test a program of psychological rehabilitation of combatants. Material and Methods: To determine the effectiveness of the program of psychological rehabilitation at the beginning and at the end was used by authorial diagnostic of mental disorders methodology “Psychological Safety of Personality”, as well as “The Questionnaire Evaluating the Effectiveness of Psychological Training” after completing the psychological training . In total, 70 military men of the National Guard of Ukraine from all regions of Ukraine participated in the program of Psychological rehabilitation, and the practical implementation and testing of the program took place in 2017. Results: The program of psychological rehabilitation of combatants based on psychological training for restoring the psychological safety of a military man’s personality has been developed and scientifically substantiated. The practical implementation of the program of the psychological rehabilitation of the combatants proved its effectiveness: the results of the dynamics of the components of psychological safety of a person increased on average by 16%. Conclusions: Proposed program of psychological rehabilitation of combatants helped to improve the mental condition of military personnel, to restore psychological resources of a person and to prevent the development of mental disorders.
 
The contemporary world is in very difficult trajectory. As a matter of fact, the Humanity is in crisis and in challenge. The scholarly world is also kind of traumatized. We all are scared due to uncertainty created by the Corona Pandemic. Covid-19 pandemic has created great uncertainty humanity has ever faced and its impact is everywhere, over the economy, employment, finances, relationships, and physical and mental health as well as in social equilibrium. When there is crisis, it is normal to lose patience, perseverance and the mental strength, and also there is always a chance of hopelessness. As such we live in hope and hope creates the motivation to move ahead. Motivation creates inner power to human heart as well as in the human brain. The current crisis has direct impact to all of us and we are in the crisis of humanity, and even crisis is hope as well as crisis of motivation. Our regular thinking pattern is deeply disturbed, our regular living style is altered, our all collegial circles are under confusion and also in suspicious condition within and beyond. When there is a direct hit on human brain due to uncertainty and fear, it raises direct pain in the deep-thinking pattern and when there is danger around us, we may begin to think everything differently. At present our condition is instable therefore, our creativeness, is disturbed, and the established notion of research, development, innovation and contribution to the society at large is also in danger cloud.
 
Resulting Table as Consequence of the Execution of the Competing Hypothesis Method
Writing a thesis or a research proposal poses enormous challenges specially in these times of information superabundance. And the positive side is that we have a lot of information to use during our research. The other phenomenon to take into consideration is the misinformation and how it could affect our research. Again, we can overcome this difficulty by applying structured research methods. The methodology proposed here starts with understanding the research problem applying the systemic thinking; then looing for information with mapping studies; evaluating the publications obtained with information quality tools; testing multiple hypothesis at the same time; and finally, if needed preparing a Gantt chart to plan the research. All these methodologies when together highlight the positive side of the synergies while minimize the impact of the cognitive bias. The aim of the study: To describe the importance of having a structured tool to write a thesis or setting up a research project. Materials and Methods: This tool was developed after analysing several research methodologies and studying their usefulness for problem-solving. Currently, new tools are under evaluation to enrich the course. Results: The proposal presented here is a problem-solving course that includes five methodologies: systems theory, mapping studies, information quality, and competing hypothesis, plus the Gantt chart. When they are used in sequence, it is possible to obtain outstanding results and also the process is auditable in its whole extension. This course has been presented several times at universities and other places in Argentina and also in Peru, with interesting and relevant results.
 
Background and Aim of Study: During the research the improvement ideas of the educational system were analysed. Accented attention on an advantages of the distance education, and also his roles and place in the system of higher education. As the demand to the quality of the students' knowledge has become the main criterion in employment. According to the new educational standards at the grant of educational services it is necessary to be oriented on the professional qualities of the future activity of the graduate. The aim of the study: to represent the results of theoretical analysis and empirical study of the formation of oriented educational-scientific information-computer environment on the basis of the Department of Microbiology of Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University. Material and Methods: Modern methods of scientific research used in process: an analysis of the systems, biblio-semantic, statistical, empirical observations and information processing of oriented educational information and computer environment in the process of students’ educational and scientific activity. Results: According to the analysis of the obtained results, the key features of the motivational complex of students of higher educational institution was identified. The ways of organization of control and an analysis of students’ success by means of information and computer technologies according to the state standards of higher education. It is offered, new approaches to forming of content of educational discipline. Conclusions: The innovative tools and interactive applications on the basis of ICT will increase the possibilities of studying the discipline of microbiology, virology and immunology in higher medical institutions. What is appropriate in the context of integration of the new strategy of education.
 
Results of Expert Validation of Child Nursing Materials
Media Expert Validation Results
Assessment of Application Use by Large Groups
Background and Aim of Study: Developmental delays in children are still a serious problem in both developed and developing countries in the world. About 5-10% of children experience developmental delays. The potential to develop the current media in accordance with technological developments and advances in the use of technology-based platforms. The aim of the study: to develop a growth and development assessment model to increase knowledge and skills in assessing the growth and development of toddlers and to analyze the implementation of the growth assessment guide model based on android applications. Material and Methods: This type of research is design and development research with a mixed methods approach. The steps of development research are carried out using the ADDIE framework (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation). In using this framework, designers and developers use analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation as the main stages. Results: The research product is the “GUVI_Tools” application which is an interactive multimedia-based learning media. The implementation of the application showed a significant increase in knowledge before and after using the application and the average application usage assessment was 4.8 (good category). Conclusions: It is hoped that this development program can be used as a learning program and can develop learning media on other basic competencies and can be continued at the stage of testing the effectiveness of the learning process.
 
Results of Comparative Analysis of Associations of Male and Female Samples of the Semantic Feature "What is the Person's Marital Status?"
Results of Cluster Analysis of the Semantic Feature "What is the Person's Motive?"
Background: This article continues a series of studies devoted to ludic competence/playfulness and one of its components is flirting. The aim of the study: in the context of parametric concept of meaning, to identify on the basis of applied psycholinguistic research the semantic components of the stimulus “flirting person”, which are actualized in the speech acts of Russian-speaking inhabitants of Ukraine. Material and Methods: The main method of the research is a psycholinguistic experiment whose major stage is the controlled association experiment with the stimulus “flirting person”. The sample comprised 215 young people (aged 21-35), of which 112 females and 103 males. Results: At the final stage of formulation of the instructions 23 semantic features were selected for the stimulus “flirting person”. The results of the controlled association experiment with the stimulus “flirting person” allowed to build 23 associative fields and obtain the material for describing the behaviour pattern of ludic position Diplomat (flirting person) reflecting the reality of linguistic consciousness of young Russian-speaking inhabitants of Ukraine. Conclusions: Cluster analysis of the associative field of the semantic feature “What is the person’s marital status?” allowed to define: three core clusters – “Free” (71.16%), “In a relationship” (14.42%), “Any” (3.72%); three peripheral clusters – “Qualities” (3.26%), “Emotional State” (3.26)%, “Role in family relations” (1.40%); extreme peripheral clusters – “Changeable” (0.93%); an isolated female reaction “Guy” suggests an ambiguous interpretation and allows to highlight different meanings – “Gender” and “Age”.
 
The paper of Romanchuk and Guzii on “Sensorimotor criteria for the formation of the autonomic overstrain of the athletes’ cardiovascular system” has been published in the International Journal of Science Annals, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2020. The problem of diagnosticating states of fatigue, cardiovascular overstrain and overtraining is important in the practice of current athletes examinations. This allows you to detect early signs of pathological states, which do not only limit the ability of sport perfection but also can lead to the development of critical states. The authors introduce into the training process of highly qualified athletes methods of spiroarteriocardiorhythmography (SACR) and computerized motion meter (CCM), which are express multifunctional methods of studying the cardiorespiratory and sensorimotor systems and can be used in the “field”. Algorithm for determining the autonomic regulation overstrain of the cardiovascular system, based on the well-known method that was suggested by Shlyk, is especially noteworthy. Based on determining the type of the heart rate autonomic regulation before, after and the next morning after training, the authors identified options that clearly characterize the autonomic regulation overstrain by sympathetic and parasympathetic type. It is shown that such options occur in about 10% of cases among highly qualified athletes. Namely, they are found in 19 out of 202 studied people. Of course, it would be appropriate to conduct other instrumental, hematological and biochemical studies that would characterize the proper humoral status of athletes.
 
The article of Batuchina and Straksiene “Phenomenological Perspective in Researching Immigrant Children’s Experience” has been published in the International Journal of Science Annals, Vol. 2, No. 1-2, 2019. Migration became one of the most acute problems of the modern world, which involves both political and social spectrums and became a very complex problem, which is very difficult to study from the Phenomenological Perspective. Everyone is well aware that to manage such large surges of migrants is practically impossible, as, for the scientists, they even do not have a united approach to the research of this unsolved phenomenon. For certain reasons people, in most cases, families have to change their dwelling spaces, to move from one country or city to another. Without even considering the physiological stress of the family members, especially children or elderlies. Among the many problems, which migrants face in a host country the most acute one is an adaptation. There is a mistaken perception that children adapt to every novelty and situation easily than adults, however, in this regards children are the most vulnerable. Here the problem is that in most cases, children are not even listed, since parents are concerned about searching for jobs and finding the ways to adapt to a new space. The authors explain that the meaning of migration is minimized for children and that adults do not pay attention to it. However, the experience of grown-ups draws significant attention.
 
The Cronbach alpha coefficients for the scales.
Background and Aim of Study: The research work considers whether workplace stress had a negative association with university teacher’s family functioning, and if a social identification might a moderator role for this relationship. The aim of the study: to define the social identification’s role for work and family life balance. Material and Methods: The data were collected from participants (university teachers) with the scales (Perceived Stress Scale; Brief Family Relationship scale and The Three-Dimensional Strength of Group Identification scale) of multiple – choice questionnaire. Moderation analysis was conducted by using multiple linear regression analysis. Results: Author concludes that the impact of workplace stress on family functioning is dependent on individual’s social identification level with their family group. It is because the bivariate analysis results showed that workplace stress was a negatively affected to the family functioning (p<0.05). Moderation analysis indicated that the impact of workplace stress on family functioning is dependent on individual’s social identity level with their family members. The interaction between social identification and workplace stress was significant (p<0.05), that means social identification moderated the relationship between workplace stress and family functioning. Workplace stress would not negatively effect on family functioning (p>0.05) that individual’s whose social identification with their family was high. In contrast, lower identification with family had more significant negative impact from workplace stress on their family functioning. Conclusions: Social identification plays a significant effect for individual’s work and family life balance. Individual’s high social identification with their family is an effective coping method with workplace stress and, moderates the relationship between workplace stress and family functioning.
 
Teachers response on behavioral tendencies of single parents' students.
Background and Aim of Study: A Family is social unit of two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption and having a shared commitment to the mutual relationship. The definition of single parent is someone who has a child or children but no husband, wife, or partner who lives with them. Death of a partner and divorce are main causes of being single parent. Children are affected by divorce in many different ways, varying by the circumstances and age of the child. Children whose ages are seven to twelve are much better at expressing emotions and accepting parentage breakage, but often distrust their parents, rely on outside help and support for encouragement, and may manifest social and academic problems. The aim of the study: to find out teachers opinion of single parents’ students’ behavioral tendency. Material and Methods: This qualitative study represents 30 teachers’ opinions on single parent students’ problems. Results: Not only in deep theoretical framework but also recent studies underline the importance of healthy family relation on child wellbeing. Every child may have potential for single parent in nowadays society. Experienced elementary teachers claim that single parent students are more submissive and aggressive. In addition of this, they are less assertive when comparing to their two parents counterparts. Conclusions: Not only school psychologists and guidance practitioners but also teachers and school principles should be aware of the potential single parent students’ needs. Being more assertive or aggressive creates fewer opportunity for single parent students. Productive society will be raised with only equal sublimation of all children’s developments.
 
Background: This paper addresses the question: is a brief cognitive behavior therapy training program enhances psychologist’s skills as reflected in scores on cognitive therapy skills scale and in helping students with emotional and social problems? The aim of the study: to explore the impact of the effect of cognitive behavioral therapy training program on reducing emotional and social distress over 3 years. Materials and Methods: Participants are 35 school psychologists (20 females and 15 males) have received intensive cognitive behavior therapy training for 6 days during two weeks followed by one to one supervision in school sittings for three months. Participants completed cognitive behavior therapy scale. Individual and group counseling sessions delivered to male and female (age mean is 13.7 years) students known of emotional and social problems during the current school year. Supervisors wrote a report in the end of three months practice, students and parent’s feedback had collected. Results: Results show that differences between pre and post scores on cognitive behavior therapy scale are statistically significant (t=4.92), supervisors reports and students feedback indicate improving therapeutic skills by the end of three months practice. Conclusions: Cognitive behavior therapy training program has positive influence in enhancing cognitive behavior therapy skills in school psychologists that reflected in providing effective counseling for students with emotional and social problems. Supervision based training optimizing the therapeutic outcome in both individual and group therapy sessions. Follow up of 3 years revealed continuous effect of the training and continuous supervision in improving counseling skills of school psychologists.
 
Background and Aim of Study: The question “how” and “what to learn?” has always been urgent. New methodological approaches to education are appearing, pedagogical technologies are being worked out, innovative forms and methods of education are being implemented. The modern society being plunged into the information age, has not noticed that information technologies have started playing a more significant role in the educational process. A blockchain technology deserves a special attention nowadays. It appeared ten years ago and started its way as an undermining innovative technology that is moving upwards changing the old-fashioned forms. Having a great potential it has already started transforming financial and economic spheres, now it is turn for the sphere of education. The aim of the study: to turn the attention of scientific and pedagogical workers to possibilities of using the blockchain technology in the sphere of education, as well as characterise the peculiarities of its implementation.
 
As we know, the educational curriculum refers to academic content taught in schools or a collection of lessons, assessments, or a particular program or course taken on by students (Alanazi, 2016). Granting it is essential to note what a curriculum will achieve, what students will do and use to learn, and what teachers will use to teach the class; however, as to Crowley (2021), the curriculum is in no way neutral – it, at all times, mirrors ideological views. From a learner-centered ideology, it is presumed that education manifests itself in drawing out people’s inherent goodness and capabilities for growth (Schiro, 2013, pp. 5–6). As a teacher wanting to operate in this ideology, I believe the learners have their own abilities for growth. This ideology is all about bringing out the competency within them. On the other hand, classrooms are busy public places; events are unpredictable (Ming-tak & Wai-shing, 2013, pp. 10–11). This requires the teachers to develop their range of classroom management strategies. Setting up a classroom is an essential part of teaching and learning. It involves designing the classroom atmosphere, rules, and expectations (Williamson, 2008, p. 3). Granting there is no sole way of managing a wide array of classrooms, fruitful classroom management is tied to student engagement and empowerment (Honigsfeld & Cohan, 2014).
 
Background and Aim of Study: Migration is a complicated and complex social phenomenon. Arriving in a new country, immigrants find themselves in a strange, unfamiliar environment; simultaneously they may have left behind almost everything that they had in their home country. Such a life event changes the relationship between a person and their things: immigrants lose their connection with the things left behind, while new connections with the things of the host country have yet to be forged. This is a natural process of an adult’s migration. But what is it like for a child? The aim of the study: to reflect the experiences of immigrant children and their changing relationship with things in phenomenological methodology approach. Material and Methods: The article is based on hermeneutic phenomenology, when children migrating is analysed as a phenomenon. In order to investigate such phenomena phenomenology as a research strategy is applied. Its data were collected using several methods. The main method was the unstructured phenomenological interview with children and adults who due to economic reasons left their home country and came to live in another while being children together with their parents (or one of them). Having changed the country, they had also to change schools. Results: Show the uniqueness of the children migration experience and reflects it in the phenomenological matter. Conclusions: Children migration experience is often underestimated from the position of grown-ups, while children view migration differently, as they see things, objects and space around them differently (they see, feel and imagine world in a totally unique manner). That is why children taken out of their usual and normal lifestyle, home space facing totally different world, with strange and unfamiliar things, facing the world of unpredictability, temporality and eternity, fantasy and dreams, where misunderstood, or unnoticed are left alone, even while being surrounded by people.
 
This study is interested in investigating how cognitive therapy training could help school psychologists to offer better help for students known with emotional and social problems. School psychologists are capable to help students with their psychological problems, as they spend relatively long time with them and know about their strengths and weaknesses as well. Adjustment in school environment is very important and has a great impact on student's overall adjustment and psychological health.
 
Roll and the way it is controlled.
Background and Aim of Study: The research deals with the methods of interactive teaching techniques implementation and their effectiveness assessment during professional language training of future pilots. These techniques are not only aimed to improve language proficiency, but ensure professional expertise and its implementation in the future professional activity. The aim of the study: to define professional language proficiency, to determine and describe interactive teaching methods able to facilitate in developing language skills that meet ICAO language proficiency requirements. Material and Methods: The systematic collection and analysis of all subjective and objective information necessary to define and validate defensible curriculum purposes that satisfy the language learning requirements of students within the context of particular institutions that influence the learning and teaching situation are made. Holistic descriptors and language proficiency assessment scale developed by ICAO are studied. Innovative teaching approaches and methods are studied and implemented. Interactive teaching techniques are implemented and the results are assessed during the training course on Aviation English. Results: Recent studies have proved that methods based on interaction considerably increase students’ motivation, willingness to learn, improve and expedite language skills acquisition and facilitate in their successful implementation in real situations. Conclusions: The demands for language proficiency defined by ICAO are not limited by merely knowledge of a set of grammar rules, vocabulary and ways of pronouncing sounds. It is a complex interaction of that knowledge with a number of skills and abilities, which can be developed through interactive teaching methods.
 
Background and Aim of Study: The efficiency of pedagogical activity depends not only of the level of professional knowledge and abilities of the teacher but also of the presence for him of the personality qualities necessary for optimal cooperation. One of such professionally-meaningful qualities of the teacher is the empathy able to do the process of education emotionally comfortable and productive. The aim of the study: to explore of level of empathy’s display of the teachers depending on experience of their pedagogical activity. Material and Methods: Theoretical (analysis and synthesis of the psychological literature); empirical (pilot study). 97 teachers of the higher educational institutions participated in the study; at the age of 27 to 62 years, with the work experience from 1 year to 30 years. Results. The results obtained indicate that the empathy is the important component in the structure of the professional competence of the teacher of the higher educational institution, and also that the empathic ability of the teacher is transformed with the development of life and professional experience. The empirical research shows the lowest rates of empathy among the teachers with the work experience of more than 25 years and among the young teachers with the work experience up to 10 years. Conclusions.It is concluded that there is the dependence of the empathy of professional experience, necessary to develop the empathy both at the stage of the training of the future teachers in the higher educational institutions and in the process of continuous professional education.
 
Background and Aim of Study: The article deals with ICT concepts in the educational theory and practice of Ukraine. It is noted that scientists are exploring different aspects such as a concept, a strategy for implementing the concept, real experience, etc. The analysis of ICT concepts in education which were created during the independence period, has highlighted a number of contradictions that accompany this process. The aim of the study: to consider ICT concepts which were created in the system of education in Ukraine during the independence period. Material and Methods: In the study, the following general scientific methods were used: analysis (historical and pedagogical), synthesis, comparison, generalization. Results: ICT concepts implemented in Ukraine’s education, not only attest to the emergence of innovative information and technological realities in the field of science and education, but also are considered to be new realities, and therefore need to be researched by scholars of different branches – philosophers, educators, sociologists, psychologists, etc. – both in terms of methodology and trends of changes in the reference field of educational informatization. Conclusions: ICT concepts in Ukraine’s education, created during the independence period, reflect the course of a controversial process of a state formation. Being innovative by design, concepts, laws, strategies, programs, etc. have been based on traditional, or even outdated, principles of state development. A legislative approval of the National Program of Informatization and periodic changes in innovative nature of its content in relation to ICT in education, showed progressive trends of conceptual importance.
 
shows that 73.8% respondents rarely had crying spells, 15.4% -sometimes had such a state. Distribution of Respondents' Answers to Query 5
shows that most of the respondents (66.7%) felt happy most of the time, but 16.7% -were unhappy. Distribution of Respondents' Answers to Query 15
to 20 show the graphical representation of number of patients with different dimensions of mental health. The aspects of sleep, appetite, crying spells were recorded. The dimensions of happiness and hope for the future were analyzed. Ability to concentrate and focus and getting disturbed easily by trivia was also studied. The support received from family and friends was documented. Overall outlook of life and ability to stay happy in solitude was assessed. According to Figure 1 a total of 47.0% respondents rarely felt that they were bothered by the things that really don't bother them; 28.8% -sometimes felt such a state; only 13.6% respondents were bothered by the things that usually don't bother them. Figure 1 Distribution of Respondents' Answers to Query 1
Summary Results of Respondents' Answers According to the Developed Questionnaire
Background: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to unparallel hazards to mental health globally. Many countries around the world have introduced quarantine measures. Quarantine has changed not only the plans of most people, but also their way of life. The greatest impact of quarantine is experienced by COVID positive patients who are isolated in a hospital. The aim of the study: to explore psychological well-being of COVID positive patients during quarantine in a private hospital. Materials and Methods: In this study, 100 patients who were COVID positive were requested to fill the Quality of Life Questionnaire. A pre-validated questionnaire was used to assess the depression score amongst COVID positive patients. The analysis of the answers and respondent opinions was conducted using the Pearson method, which produced statistically relevant results. Results: The studied aspects of mental health patients: sleep, appetite, crying spells; happiness and hope for the future; ability to concentrate and focus and getting disturbed easily by trivia; support received from family and friends; overall outlook of life and ability to stay happy in solitude. As a result, qualitative indicators of the patients’ mental health during quarantine in a private hospital were obtained. Conclusions: The data obtained showed that patients managed to stay happy and eat well but they talked less, had disturbed sleep and did not look forward towards a hopeful future. Some were able to shake away the blues with family, friends on Online Media but some got depressed and got crying spells and thought that their life was a failure. The study concluded that patients on quarantine were often depressed. Many patients might benefit if psychological counselling and support are employed during quarantine measures.
 
Background and Aim of Study: Since March 2020, the health pandemic caused by COVID-19 has led to the implementation of new teaching scenarios in which ICT tools have become the real protagonists of the learning process. With this situation, the use of Flipgrid has become an effective platform to improve EFL undergraduate students’ speaking skills. The aim of the study: to demonstrate how a group of EFL undergraduate students’ oral linguistic competence improves thanks to the use of this tool. Material and Methods: An empirical intervention was carried out with a group of thirty-three students, randomly assigned into a control and an experimental group during the first term of the academic year 2021-2022 in a public University in Madrid (Spain). As instruments for data collection, the grades obtained in the final speaking test of the subject English B2.2. were analyzed. The methodological framework is defined as an exploratory comparative experimentation that provides quantitative data analyzed with the SPSS statistical software. Results: The results confirm the hypothesis that the use of Flipgrid is beneficial for improving English Studies undergraduate students’ EFL orality since there is a significant difference of p=0.02. Conclusions: In the light of the results obtained in this research and the scarce studies focused on Flipgrid in the EFL classroom, it is advisable for teachers to use this collaborative tool to improve students’ orality since the asynchronous interaction among the students which came along with the development of interpersonal skills, and the easy management of Flipgrid, make it an excellent collaborative and motivating tool for EFL undergraduate students.
 
Within recent years, we have conducted a series of investigations on the diagnostics of mosaic thinking since presently, the process of substitution of the fragmented (mosaic) thinking for the medical judgment is progressively going on among the individuals getting the postgraduate medical education (Yekhalov, Yehorov, Pavlysh, & Barannik, 2020). For the purpose of verbal estimate of the quality of thinking of the internship doctors, we have used a modified test of thinking and creativity, which was created by Bruner, an American psychologist. Over three years, an anonymous testing has been held in four peer groups of the 1st year internship doctors majoring in Anesthesiology, Stomatology and Neurology (exactly 100 respondents in each group). The test questionnaire was focused on the preference of the textual or pictorial information; on the character of the representation of information (i.e., as a text, as a visual imagery, or both these characters equally); on the using of the symbolic information coding; on the selection of a solution as for the representation of pictorial information; on the interrelation between the actions themselves and the discussing of such actions; on the extent and rate of the information handling; on the way-finding in a non-homogenous informational space; on the fatigue level, and so on.
 
Background and Aim of Study: Preparing future social pedagogues and social workers for prevention activities with students in general and forming healthy lifestyles in particular is an important task of modern professional education of social specialists. The aim of the study: to determine the effectiveness of the impact of the developed scientific and methodological support of the process of training future specialists in the social sphere to form a healthy lifestyle of students on indicators of their personal and professional potential. Material and Methods: The following complex of theoretical research methods has been used: analysis, comparison, generalization, systematization literature and interpretation of results. Methods of mathematical statistics have been used. The use of the Pearson criterion χ2 in the statistical processing of experimental data in groups E1 and K1 (students of H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University) allowed to determine a significant difference in the readiness of future specialists of the control and experimental groups after the experiment and to prove the effectiveness of the experimental work. Results: The article revealed the components of the process of professional training of future specialists in the social sphere to work on the formation of healthy lifestyles of students, as well as the peculiarities of its organization in the various social institutions that carry out the function of preventing their maladjustment. Conclusions: The analysis of the results of the experimental study on the problem of preparing future specialists in the social sphere to form a healthy lifestyle of pupils allowed to draw the conclusions about efficiency of an experimental study on the formation of health-saving readiness of future social pedagogues and social workers in the conditions of state and non-governmental social institutions of the network of social care institutions affiliated with Higher Education Institutions.
 
Data on expected values based on the observed distributions in the levels of institutional preparedness for emergency remote teaching in conditions of the CoVID-19 pandemic.Observed and expected values grouped according to respondents' answering scale
Data on expected values based on the observed distributions in the levels of individual preparedness for emergency remote teaching in conditions of the CoVID-19 pandemic.
Data on expected values based on the observed distributions in the levels of satisfaction/dissatisfaction with individual educational outcomes in conditions of the CoVID-19 pandemic.
Data on expected values based on the observed distributions in the measure of the impact of social distancing procedures caused by the CoVID-19 pandemic on the respondents' self-assessment of physical and mental health.
Background and Aim of Study: The global CoVID-19 pandemic has affected education systems dramatically. Remote teaching/learning practices have become everyday reality across the globe. The aim of the study: to assess the level of readiness of higher education stakeholders for distance learning/remote teaching, and to evaluate the role of social distancing measures. Material and Methods: 594 stakeholders (216 teachers and 378 students) provided anonymous responses to a questionnaire. Teacher did so during the round table discussion during the 6th International Academic Conference “Psychological and Pedagogical Problems of Modern Specialist Formation” (June 2020). Students responded using Viber, WhatsApp, and Telegram. Validation by Pearson method χ2 produced statistically significant results (df=4, χ22=22.083, р<0.01; df=4, χ23=44.389, р<0.01; df=4, χ24=29.666, р<0.01). Results: 62.9% of teachers and 56.6% of students consider educational institutions ready for distance learning. The majority of teachers/students seem to be prepared for it (81.0% and 93.4% respectively). 68.5% of teachers are positive about educational outcomes (contrasted with 90.0% of students). Only 37.0% of teachers and 21.7% of students assess the impact of social distancing measures on physical and mental health positively. Conclusions: The survey results prove that social distancing measures impact on higher education is significant. The respondents assess highly their individual levels of preparedness and of satisfaction, students displaying higher levels of both. However, the view on social distancing measures impact on physical and mental health is more negative, the trend being more visible in student responses.
 
In days of Global and national stress-tragedies, when what we considered to be a stable value is shaken, our eyes turn to a critical rethinking of the past. Today’s reality needs more than ever not only urgent practical procedures, restrictions, etc., but a very deep and unified concept and strategy based on sound philosophy and analyses. Evidence-based practical action is the philosophy of our behavior today. But do we have enough evidence and what are they? This is the question that still has no definite answers. Medicine is rightly proud of many of its achievements. But today, her pride is overshadowed by her inability to defeat a microscopic invisible enemy of human health. We must be honest: it turned out that medicine is strong in new modern technologies, but it is powerless to manage an invisible enemy, massively threatening the health of the Planet. It turned out that medicine is poorly prepared for surprises – not only to meet them, but also to anticipate them. Medicine is an art of probability and it must permanently prove the most probable predictions and the most effective actions. Now, by accident, the means used are mainly from the middle of the twentieth Century, from this classic epidemiology that we had forgotten. But now we are not the twentieth Century, and the media constantly suggests to us as fateful paths “social distance” and “social isolation”.
 
Background and Aim of Study: At present, there is a great need to define and substantiate the scientific provisions of a holistic system of training the future specialist for the applied analysis of student’s behavior in primary school’s educational activities. In our view, there are not enough theoretical and practical materials to prepare a future psychologist in elementary school. The aim of the study: to substantiate the system of preparation of future practical psychologists for the applied analysis of behavior in primary school educational activity. Material and Methods: In the study, the following general scientific methods were used: analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization. Results: Theoretical knowledge in the educational psychology and pedagogical disciplines not only influence the thinking of the future specialist to master a logically organized specific class of ideal objects of psychology, their properties, relationships and changes, but also enable the immanent unfolding of the content, as the starting point of the movement of thought in the practical point of motion. Conclusions: Requirements for the content of education of practical psychologists have been updated. Conceptual bases development of self-design of future practical psychologist’s professional activity, creation and substantiation of his personality and definition of basic characteristics of his activity, development of self-realization of personality of psychologist’s practice in professional activity will allow them to successfully carry out the process of preparation of specialist in applied analysis of problems of behavior of elementary school students.
 
The European “ecosystem” of higher education seems to have been affected by the global pandemic in a number of ways. Some of these impacts may well be viewed as negative; some others, as giving a new impetus to the development of the entire educational system. It is evident, for instance, that the dire necessity to “go virtual” has created new avenues for the intensification of contacts between educators who previously were less motivated to do so (Magomedov et al. 2020, Melnyk et al., 2020). That clearly manifests the fact that the ongoing process of transformations taking place in national higher education systems across Europe has not slowed down at all, which has made some of the current cultural and educational challenges even more pressing. One such challenge is the necessity to effectively use ELF (English as a lingua franca). Researchers working in post-communist countries have made valuable contributions to linguistic studies, especially in the area of EFL studies, as these countries clearly belong to the so-called Expanding Circle. However, the social and cultural realities of today call for more focus not on EFL studies but on research in the field of ELF and ESP (English for Specific Purposes). It is explained by the fact that the ability to use ESP is now a highly desirable skill for the majority of professionals working in the post-communist part of Europe.
 
Dynamics of quantity of student youth in higher educational institution.
Summed up rating of questionnaire results of student youth for demand into forming competences at higher educational institution.
Background and Aim of Study: The research deals with studying issues concerning training of specialists in high school and the student’s role in this process. The perspective trends of training specialists in higher educational institutions are determined. They relate to such, where the university is a configuration part of much bigger establishments and processes and where it corresponds to the social and individual demands of the youth. The aim of the study: to ascertain competences, pedagogic technologies and methods, demanded by cadets and students, as well as to forecast perspective trends of studying in higher educational institutions. Material and Methods: A set of methods is used to study issues of training specialists in high school: collection of information, systematisation, rating assessment, analysis and results interpretation. The dispersion coefficient of Kendall concordance is calculated, its significance is proved on the basis of determining Pirson’s criterion for the significance level of 5% and 1%. The research was held in the academic years of 2013-2018 on the basis of National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine within the framework of the subject “University Education”. The average number of respondents was 535 people (35 groups), who studied at the Humanities Faculty, Technical Faculty, the Faculty of Economics and Management. Results: It is specified that there is a tendency of decreasing number of students who want to study in higher educational institutions. The demand of the student youth is determined for competences, pedagogic technologies and methods which are mostly required in high school. It is proposed to specify competences classification and content of the notions “professional competences” and “special competences”. Conclusions: On the basis of modern scientific and technical achievements, application of educational logistics and social demand, the main tendencies and future trends of training specialists in higher educational institutions in IT-sphere, technical, military, economic, medical and educational fields are forecast.
 
Background and Aim of Study: The increase in cases of post-traumatic stress reactions among vulnerable groups engaged in the pandemic liquidation, make the problem urgent for nowadays. The aim of the study: to reveal the peculiarities of mental traumatic influence on military-men engaged into the COVID-19 pandemic liquidation; detail the level of stress, anxiety and depression in order to develop further actions concerning mental support and psycho-prophylaxis. Material and Methods: In order to conduct the research, we have engaged 334 military-men (of different categories: military-men for a regular term and military-men under a contract, officers (of the age from 18 to 40), who performed their duty of maintaining order together with the police. We have shortlisted 3 groups. The structured questionnaire consisted of questions grounded on the following methods: “Mississippi Scale for Estimating Post-Traumatic Reactions (military variant)”; “Depression Anxiety Stress Scales”; “Insomnia Severity Index”; Cronbach’s alpha is 0.817 (good internal consistency). Results: By the results of using the Mississippi scale for estimating post-traumatic reactions (military variant), the following fact has been stated: among military-men experienced in battle actions, the quantity of people with PTSR indicators accounted for 1.79%, that is significantly less than among military-men inexperienced in battle actions (3.42%). We have also revealed some certain gender peculiarities. Conclusions: Military-men experienced in battle actions display anxiety, depression, stress and sleep disorders considerably more rarely than military-men inexperienced in such. In our mind it is stipulated by the fact that committing professional duties in conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic is less stressful for military-men experienced in battle actions than the battle actions themselves which they are adapted to. Sleep disorders (the average point by “Insomnia Severity Index” methods) have been considerably higher among military-women, than among military-men in all the groups that is connected, with their higher extraversion and stress in the COVID-19 pandemic.
 
Ivan Vasylyovych Vernadsky (1821-1884), father.
Volodymyr Vernadsky -gymnasium pupil.
The former building of the First Gymnasium in Kharkiv. In 1876, after the family moved to St. Petersburg, Volodymyr entered the third grade of the gymnasium. And in 1881 he finishes it the ninth in the outstanding graduation. Among the graduates of the gymnasium were Professor Krasnov, physicist Tyurin and others. But there were sad circumstances: six months before thegraduation his father suffered a second stroke and he gradually faded away. During the last six months Volodymyr Ivanovych did not attend gymnasium because he took care of his father together with his mother. Despite this, the same year he entered St. Petersburg University. Teaching scientists inspired him deeply, and at the beginning of his career he decided to devote his research to subjects of soil science, mineralogy, crystallography and general philosophy -dealing with the problems of natural sciences and the humanities. From the third year V. Vernadsky specialized in crystallography and mineralogy and was influenced by Mendeleev who taught inorganic chemistry (Gumilevskij, 1967, p. 29). However, no matter how significant was the influence of individual courses, lecturers, interesting conversations, casual encounters, a real teacher of V. Vernadsky and a leader for the whole life became the founder of a completely new science in soil science, the original thinker Vasyl Vasylyovych Dokuchaev (Gumilevskij, 1967, p. 30). Dokuchaev taught mineralogy at the university. He was distinguished by the breadth of scientific interests, the ability to generalize various materials. He had a welldeveloped ability to observe thanks to which he understood the nature. "During his explanations the dead and silent relief suddenly came to life and gave numerous and clear indications of the genesis and nature of the geological processes taking place in its hidden depths," Vernadsky wrote (Balandin, 1979, p. 14). Dealing with the problems of the natural and human sciences, starting from the third year V. Vernadsky specialized in crystallography and mineralogy and was influenced by Mendeleev who taught inorganic chemistry (Gumilevskij, 1967, p. 29). V. Vernadsky took an active citizenship, participated in student unrest in 1882, he was elected to student
From left to right are: Dmitry Shakhovskoy, Andrey Krasnov, Sergey Kryzhanovsky, Fedor Oldenburg. In the middle row: Mikhail Kharlamov, Nikolai Ushinsky, Vladimir Vernadsky. Lying: Alexander Kornilov, Sergey Oldenburg, Alexander Obolyaninov.
Volodymyr Ivanovych Vernadsky.
Background and Aim of Study: The article deals with the process of formation of the outstanding scientist V. I. Vernadsky’s personality. The aim of the study: to research the main factors of the environment that influenced the development of V. I. Vernadsky’s personality in his childhood and adolescence. Material and Methods: Theoretical and biographical methods have been used in the article. The preconditions for the formation of the outstanding scientist’s personality have been analysed. The research focus is on the writer’s environment. Attention has been paid to the macro environment of Volodymyr Ivanovych as the intellectual network of the Vernadsky family. Results: The analysis of social, political and economic problems of society which influenced the formation of the outstanding scientist’s personality and his views has been presented. The influence of the main institutions on V.I. Vernadsky’s development has been analysed. The research focus is on the scientist’s family environment. Attention is paid to Vernadsky’s microenvironment. The educational conditions that can be effective in the formation of a personality’s scientific thinking have been analysed. As a result, the main factors affecting the personality’s development during university studies have been found out. The factors that influenced the formation of scientific talent in Vernadsky’s ordinary life have been studied. It has been revealed that the formation of a worldview mainly depends on general behavioural factors and rules that exist in a society or a group of people where a personality grows. Conclusions: The main macro-factors that influenced the development of the outstanding scientist’s personality were the following: a noble origin; the intellectual network of the Vernadsky family; the influence of prominent scientists who taught at university; social activity of the advanced part of society. So, micro and macro environments are an important factor in the conditions of which an individual develops.
 
Background and Aim of Study: The article is devoted to the problem of professional preparation of specialists in the social sphere. The aim of the study: to describe the structure of conducting a pedagogical experiment on the research problem and determine its qualitative results. Material and Methods: During the implementation of the pilot study to determine the effectiveness of the the impact, made by developed system of training future specialists in the social sphere to prevent the maladjustment of pupils, on their professional competence, methods of comparing, analyzing and generalizing the results of the process of professional education in the control and experimental groups were used. Results: The logical structure of conducting an experimental research on the training of future social pedagogues and social workers for the prevention of maladjustment of pupils, which envisaged the implementation of five consecutive stages and methodological support for its implementation, as well as a system of criteria (motivational and value-based, affective-conative, cognitive-instrumental and professional activity competencies) and corresponding indicators (interest and need of prevention of maladjustment of pupils; professional worldview as the basis for the development of professional culture, characteristics of temperament and will, that are ensuring the successful implementation of prevention of maladjustment of pupils; personal qualities necessary for working with vulnerable contingents, general-pedagogical potential, developed social intelligence, knowledge of the organization of socio-pedagogical and social activities of prevention of maladjustment of pupils in various social institutions; knowledge of the technological basis for the prevention of maladjustment of pupils; professional knowledge and skills in the prevention of maladjustment of pupils; experience in social-pedagogical and social preventive work). Conclusions: Qualitative changes in personal and professional characteristics of future specialists of the social sphere are determined in accordance with the presented criteria system after the implementation of the forming part of the study.
 
Analysis on Personal Factors and Decision-Making in Choosing Civil Service Jobs of Fourth-Year Students at Chiang Mai University
Forecasting Equations for the Relationship between Motivation Factors in Choosing Civil Service Jobs
Background and Aim of Study: The COVID-19 epidemic is affecting the work of people around the world including students who have to graduate and to decide in choosing a civil servant career. The aim of the study: to explore the motivating factors influencing the decision for the 4th year students of Chiang Mai University to enter the civil service during the COVID era. Material and Methods: This study was conducted among fourth-year students at Chiang Mai University. The sample in this study consisted of 362 people. Multiple regression analysis was used to find a linear equation that expressed the relationship between motivating factors and decision-making. Results: The findings of this research showed that choosing civil services as a career of fourth-year students at Chiang Mai University during the COVID-19 outbreak was high with an average of 3.60. According to hypothesis testing, the factors affecting levels of favorable decision in choosing a civil service career were statistically significant at the 0.05 level in descending order as follows: security, compensation and benefits, values, career path and job characteristics. The influence of personal factors on choosing civil service jobs were not significantly different at the 0.05 level, except the family income factor that influences choosing civil service jobs. Conclusions: It was found that personal factors which consisted of gender, domicile, grade point average and average family income per month affecting different government career choices and factors in motivation in deciding to choose a government career containing job characteristics, compensation factor and welfare factors career advancement factors, security factor and value factors had a negative effect on the level of decision-making on the choice of civil service careers.
 
Background and Aim of Study: As the pandemic escalated into a global health crisis with abundant reports, updates and personal stories invading the World Wide Web and the social media, the context of COVID-19 offered for researchers an opportunity exploring the cyberchondria concept. Surprisingly, despite its prominence, the consequences of this shift in health behavior are still not fully appreciated. For many cyberchondriacs, the online shopping experience is considered as a coping strategy. The aim of the study: to investigate how excessive health-related anxiety leads to online shopping enjoyment, and to examine the mediating roles of COVID-19 fear and hedonic shopping motivation. Material and Methods: A survey methodology is used to collect responses from a sample of 355 consumers in Tunisia and analyzed via AMOS 23. Structural equation modeling was used to assess the causal relationship between measured variables. Results: Our results indicate that during the current pandemic, the cyberchondria was associated with an increased online shopping enjoyment guided both by a developed fear from this virus and some of the hedonic motivations. Conclusions: This study is one of the first studies that investigate the impact of cyberchondria on shopping experiences. Our findings may indicate starting points for some public health marketers and managers to make interventions to reduce cyberchondria during the pandemic. Particularly, online shopping may be considered as a safe space, where anxious people may escape. However, public health organizations should carefully consider these outcomes of cyberchondria and should elucidate clear pathways of action so that consumers feel empowered to tackle the pandemic effectively.
 
For developmental psychologists, playing is a crucial parameter to monitor children and adolescents’ physical, emotional, cognitive, and executive development and wellbeing. In the psychotherapy setting, play is a promotor of positive therapeutic change because it allows the child to express beliefs, memories, wishes, feelings, and subconscious contents, from a safe and indirect point of view. Play is a fundamental human right during the whole life cycle, and it becomes even more important for those children and adolescents who are hospitalized or experiencing medical treatments at home (European Association for Children in Hospital, 1988). Entering a medical setting can elicit children’s and adolescents’ distress on many levels (e.g., anxiety, depression, hypochondria, acting out, externalizing, and internalizing problems) since their familiar routine is temporarily disrupted.
 
Variation in the composition of the production media were investigated to optimize the excretion of the cellulolytic enzymes by Trichoderma reesei (CBS383.73) and a Botrytis sp. isolated from the microflora of Iran. The culture filtrare of Trichoderma reesei showed a cellulolytic activity of 300 mFPU/ml after 13 days of growth in a medium containing walseth cellulose (0.5%, w/v) at pH 5. Under similar production conditions, except for the initial pH of 7, the culture filtrate of Botrytis sp. showed an activity of 360 mFPU/ml. Replacement of walseth cellulose with h__2O__2-treated bagasse, Barely hunsks, wheat husks, or sawdust (0.5% w/v) in the presence of the inducer (0.5% w/v, walseth cellulase) enhanced the extent of enzyme production by Trichoderma reesei to 780 mFPU/mL. The Botrytis sp. did not excreate cellulolytic enzyme using (as the main sources of carbon), the H__2O__2-treated bagasse or sawdust plus 0.5% walseth cellulose. However, the culture filtrate of the Botrutis sp. showed a cellulolytic activity of 679 or 463 mFPU/ml using the H__2O__2-treated wheat or barely husks (1% w/v) plus 0.5% walseth cellulose, respectively. In addition, the Calcium hydroxide treatment of the agricultural wastes depressed totally the enzyme secretion by the Botrytis sp. except for the treated sawdust shich enhanced the enzyme production almost by a factor of seven in the absence of the inducer.
 
Differences in switching rates of switching of central settings in highly skilled athletes under the influence of intense training load and in the period of early recovery thereafter.
Background and Aim of Study: Determination of sensorimotor function is an important area of psychophysiological features study of the athletes' body, which are essential for the analysis of cognitive processes, assessment of the central nervous system functional state, sensory sensitivity, development of motor skills, psychophysiological and neurophysiological parameters of brain. The aim of the study: to define the changes of indexes of the central regulation of sensorimotor function of highly skilled sportsmen at forming of the cardiovascular system overstrain. Material and Methods: On results research of the cardiovascular system with the use of spiroarteriocardiorhythmography before, after load and a next morning in 19 sportsmen of men, which the overstrains of the cardiovascular system was forming, were determine: at 10-on a sympathetic type, at 9-on a parasympathetic type. In parallel was determination of index of switching of central settings (SCS) which received from data of research of the sensorimotor system with the use of device the "Computer motion meter". Results: Right after intensive physical activity the meaningful acceleration of SCSl (p<0.05) and meaningful deceleration of SCSr (p<0.05) is marked at an overstrain on a sympathetic type, and also meaningful deceleration of SCSl (p<0.05) and meaningful acceleration of SCSr (p<0.01) at an overstrain on a parasympathetic type. In the period of recovery deceleration of SCSl and SCSr (p<0.05) at a sympathetic overstrain, and also stability of index of SCSl by comparison to afterload and meaningful dynamics of SCSr (p<0.05) is marked at a parasympathetic overstrain. Conclusions: At a sympathetic and parasympathetic overstrain the characteristic asymmetric changes of indexes of SCS that can testify to the primary flow of ergotrophic and trophotrophic processes in the organism of sportsmen are marked.
 
The eternal dilemma of quality or quantity affects many areas of human life. One of these areas is the publishing industry. This issue is particularly acute for scientific periodicals. The aim of the study. To analyze the dilemma of the quality or quantity of papers in the publication of a scientific periodical Journal, and to share the four-year experience of publishing the International Journal of Science Annals (IJSA) with publishers, editors, reviewers, and authors.
 
Top-cited authors
Yuriy Borysovych Melnyk
  • Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health”, UKRAINE
Iryna Sergiivna Pypenko
  • KRPOCH Scientific Research Institute
Anatoliy Stadnik
  • Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs
Guziy O.V.
  • Lviv State University of Physical Culture
Oleksandr P. Romanchuk
  • Lviv State University of Physical Culture