International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation

DSM-IV Diagnostic Categories
Between Group Differences at Pre-testing
Pre-post Test Differences: ANOVA Results
Cognitive behavioral therapy has been shown to be promising for the treatment of individuals experiencing psychotic symptoms, who are often diagnosed with schizophrenia. Using a non-random non-equivalent comparison group design (n = 26), this study explores whether an individually mentored self-help and self-paced intervention based upon cognitive behavioral approaches to auditory hallucinations or "hearing voices" makes a significant positive difference for individuals with major mental disorder diagnoses and psychotic symptoms who are residing in the community and receiving community mental health services. The mentored self-help intervention uses a workbook (Coleman & Smith, 1997) that stemmed from the British psychiatric survivor and "voice hearers"' movements and from cognitive behavioral approaches to treating psychotic symptoms. Thirty individuals entered the study. Pre- and post-intervention assessments of 15 participants in the intervention group and 11 participants in the comparison group were carried out using standardized instruments, including the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and the Hoosier Assurance Plan Inventory - Adult. Four specific research questions address whether levels of self-esteem, overall psychotic symptoms, depression-anxiety, and disruption in life improved in the intervention group, relative to the comparison group. Pre- and post-assessment scores were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance. Results showed no significant difference on any measure, with the exception of the Brief Psychiatric Rating subscale for Anxious Depression, which showed a statistically significant pre-post difference with a strong effect size. A conservative interpretation of this single positive result is that it is due to chance. An alternative interpretation is that the mentored self-help intervention made an actual improvement in the level of depression-anxiety experienced by participants. If so, this is particularly important given high levels of depression and suicide among individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. This alternative interpretation supports further research on the intervention utilized in this study.
postoperative epidural analgesia comparison between ropivacaine and bupivacaine. © 2020, Hampstead Psychological Associates. All rights reserved.
Background and aim: This study will be conducted to study the efficacy of intrathecal dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to 0.75% isobaric ropivacaine in various lower abdomen surgeries. Objective is to evaluate the initiation and the duration of the sensory block and motor block along with various hemodynamic parameters and postop analgesia. Methodology in this study is sixty patients will be divided into two groups of 30each. The group R will be receiving three ml of isobaric ropivacaine 0.75% and 0.1 ml of NS via intrathecal route and group RD will be receiving three ml of isobaric ropivacaine 0.75% and dexmedetomidine 10mcg intrathecally in lower abdominal surgeries. Results: it is anticipated that the onset of block and duration of the sensory block and motor block, prolongs the postoperative analgesia and also will maintain the haemodynamic stability. It will also show that side effects will be less with addition of dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant. Conclusion: dexmedetomidine added as an adjuvant to isobaric ropivacaine intrathecally is superior to ropivacaine alone. © 2020, Hampstead Psychological Associates. All rights reserved.
Indonesia is found to be the highest death rate of COVID-19 disease. After Indonesian government has been asked to seriously keep on eye the COVID-19 by UN, they begin to make an official report of the effect of COVID-19 outbreak in the beginning of March 2020. The government and NGOs have taken the initiative to provide guidance for the public to avoid this Corona virus. However, it found that the death rate is higher rather than the patient's cure rate. This study is aimed to investigate the behavioural problem of Indonesian citizen facing COVID-19. The convenience sampling is used to employ the respondent of this study by using an online survey. The model of this behavioural is tested by using Structural Equational Model (SEM) approach. This study found that Indonesian citizen respond to prevent from COVID-19. They who understand the characteristics of COVID-19 sufferers and know how their transmission, have a slightly different effect to their response in avoiding COVID-19, whereas religiosity and attitude towards COVID-19 are positively influence on their response to avoid COVID-19. The religiosity and attitude towards COVID-19 play a significant role to change the effect of the understanding on characteristics of COVID-19 sufferers and how the transmission of COVID-19 on the respond to avoid COVID-19. Nevertheless, religiosity is found to have smaller effect on the respond to avoid COVID-19 rather than awareness. This finding is indicated to show a unique behaviour of Indonesian citizenship to avoid COVID-19. © 2020, Hampstead Psychological Associates. All rights reserved.
The coronavirus disease, also known as COVID-19, is a new infectious virus (nCov) spread over 210 countries across the world. This virus is exacerbated in people with underlying systemic health conditions such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted on all areas of life, including education, therefore, distance learning (DL) or e-learning is a supportive educational system under this condition. The purpose of this study is to describe the readiness of lecturers and students in the field of dentistry in using the distance learning (DL) system during this pandemic. The simple random sampling method, was used to obtain data from a total of 142 respondents using questionnaires. In the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th, and 10th semesters there were approximately 28, 21, 23, 69, and 1 respondent, respectively. From the 142 respondents, 90% stated that they already had personal computers or laptops, while 10% used those belonging to relatives, neighbors, or friends. In accordance with the availability of internet facilities at home, 84% stated that they already had access to the internet, while 16% had none. Related to the quota and stability of internet access, 51% of respondents stated that they were ready with fast internet and sufficient quota, while 49% reported that they were not ready due to limited quota, and unstable internet access. Furthermore, a total of 20 lecturers were given access to a licensed Zoom® account. Lecturers and students stated their readiness to conduct distance learning in a bid to fight COVID-19and support the work from home programs. © 2020, Hampstead Psychological Associates. All rights reserved.
The extent of the Social Security Disability problem became obvious as Congressional offices were flooded with mail from distraught constituents, and as the press picked up on stories of obviously disabled persons who lost their benefits, or committed suicide or died from their disability because SSA continued to deny them benefits. Public Law 98—460, enacted after an agonizingly long, intense, and emotional struggle, is not by any means perfect, particularly with respect to work evaluation and rehabilitation issues. In many respects, it is a law that should never have been necessary, since with a few exceptions, most of its provisions could have been implemented administratively by Social Security. Its primary purpose was to protect the rights of disabled people undergoing reviews and facing harsh, illegal, and inaccurate denial decisions. In the process, it called for major reforms in the whole procedure to assess the mentally ill, which should have major and lasting ramifications for the future. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Presents observations of activities and programs in rural India and Australia that operated at the interface of community development, psychosocial rehabilitation, and community integration. In India, there were efforts to use existing community resources in a rehabilitative way in the context of community development. In Australia, a planned, gradual development of community residential and social-recreational resources was found, and working models for community-based rehabilitation services have been implemented and evaluated as effective. Implications for psychosocial rehabilitation of underserved populations in the US are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Top-cited authors
Patricia Deegan
  • Pat Deegan PhD & Associates LLC
Bestoon Othman
  • Erbil polytechnic university
Anwar Sanusi
  • University of Merdeka Malang, Indonesia
Eddy Yusuf
  • Jakarta Global University
Salah Salman Al-Zubaidi
  • Al-Khwarizmi College of Engineering, University of Baghdad