International Journal of Linguistics Literature and Culture

Published by Suryasa and Sons
Online ISSN: 2455-8028
Publications
Article
Caught in the dilemma of the real and the fictitious, one can only wonder about the connection between literature and the Covid 19 global pandemic. As researcher interested in the writings of William Faulkner, I cannot help drawing analogies between the writer’s fictional Yoknapatawpha and our current Covid 19 situation. In the gendered reactions to the pandemic-imposed reality Yoknapatawpha is always resonant. Masculine rejection of face masks and the ideology underlying such a reaction, the mandatory lockdown which consequently led to rising domestic violence in addition to the popular slogan “My body, my choice” which went viral in social networks are all a reiteration of the narrative of Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha. Drawing analogies between our contemporary real world and Faulkner’s fictitious county will lead to the conclusion that western cultures and societies have reproduced the same patriarchal ideologies and practices that governed Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha, turning the writer’s narrative world into a universal world that cannot be anchored in place or time. The paper will study the three phenomena as social realities that echo Faulkner’s fictitious county while referring to psychoanalytical and feminist theories.
 
Article
This study aims to determine how much effective problem-solving methods are in the third semester of English learning outcomes in the Hospitality Study Program, Tourism Department, Bali State Polytechnic during the Covid-19 pandemic. The background in this study is the lack of student enjoyment in English, inappropriate learning strategies, and the lack of developing student creativity in the learning process. This type of research is quantitative research. Data collection techniques using observation, tests, and documentation. Participants consisted of 60 (29 male and 31 female) third-semester students of the Diploma 3 Program, Hospitality, Bali State Polytechnic, 2020/2021 academic year. The data were collected through a classroom action-based research procedure starting from planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. Through the quasi-experimental design, the collected data were analyzed using paired t-tests and mixed design ANCOVA to identify any significant improvement after the administration of the action. Furthermore, the qualitative data were analyzed based on the results of observations during the giving of the action and the results of the questionnaire.
 
Article
The study aimed at finding out the multimodal forms of tourism promotional discourse of promoting hotels in Bali in the age of COVID-19. The theory used in this study is the semiotic theory. In addition, descriptive qualitative is a method used to find forms of advertising, text construction, linguistic aspects, and visual elements of hotel advertisements in the Sanur and Kuta areas in the era of implementing the new normal with researchers as instruments or tools in this study. The data, then, were analyzed inductively. Based on the results of the study, the forms of hotel and tourism advertisements during the implementation of the New Normal were categorized into hotel and tourism audiovisual advertisements and printed hotel and tourism advertisements. Text construction in marketing hotels covers three aspects, namely representational aspects, relational aspects, and textual identity aspects. In addition, the type of semiotic system found in hotel and tourism advertisements during the implementation of the New Normal consists of linguistic aspects, visual forms, and body language. Transcreation of tourism advertisements after the implementation of the new normal consists of verbal, visual, and cultural aspects of advertising.
 
Article
In inaugural addresses, presidents (e.g. Obama and Al-Maliki) intend to convey their intentions and plans and to announce their new political strategies in order to convince the public to accept and support them. To attain such purposes, they have often recourse to shrewd selection of linguistic elements and manipulation of rhetorical devices. Thus, this paper aims to investigate the stylistic hallmarks utilized in Obama's and Al-Maliki's Inaugural Addresses, focusing on the roles realized by these hallmarks in delivering the intended messages. Obama's (2009) and Al-Maliki's (2006) Inaugural Addresses have been selected to be the data of the study. For the data analysis, a qualitative method involving the identification of the most prominent stylistic features is followed. The paper concludes that both Obama and Al-Maliki resort to different stylistic features and devices with relatively different degrees. This slight diversity of this use seems to be due to the nature of the two languages and to the different goals sought by the two speakers. Moreover, metaphor, repetition, parallelism and metonymy are the more dominant devices in Obama's Address than in Al-Malik's. Simile is only observed in Obama's address.
 
Article
In inaugural addresses, presidents (e.g. Obama and Al-Maliki) intend to convey their intentions and plans and to announce their new political strategies in order to convince the public to accept and support them. To attain such purposes, they have often recourse to shrewd selection of linguistic elements and manipulation of rhetorical devices. Thus, this paper aims to investigate the stylistic hallmarks utilized in Obama's and Al-Maliki's Inaugural Addresses, focusing on the roles realized by these hallmarks in delivering the intended messages. Obama's (2009) and Al-Maliki's (2006) Inaugural Addresses have been selected to be the data of the study. For the data analysis, a qualitative method involving the identification of the most prominent stylistic features is followed. The paper concludes that both Obama and Al-Maliki resort to different stylistic features and devices with relatively different degrees. This slight diversity of this use seems to be due to the nature of the two languages and to the different goals sought by the two speakers. Moreover, metaphor, repetition, parallelism and metonymy are the more dominant devices in Obama's Address than in Al-Malik's. Simile is only observed in Obama's address.
 
Article
This study aimed at investigating the effect of Scripted Songs as a teaching technique on English competence of the fourth grade students of primary school in SD Saraswati Tabanan in academic year 2013/2014. Posttest only control group design was used as a research design. The population was all the fourth grade students. Through Cluster Random Sampling technique, two classes were taken as the samples in this study, namely class 4B and 4C. Class 4B was assigned as the control group while class 4C as the experimental group. In total, seventy five students were taken as representative of the population. The students in experimental group were taught by using Scripted Songs, while the students in control group were taught by using Conventional Technique. At the end of treatment, both groups were given a posttest. The result of the posttest was then analyzed descriptively and inferentially. Based on the result of data analysis, it was found that the students who were taught by using Scripted Songs obtained better result than those who were taught by using Conventional Technique. It was proven by the mean score of the experimental group was 79.05, while the control group was 69.5. Moreover, the result of the independent sample t-test showed that the value of t observed (tobs) was 5.000. It was higher than the value of t critical value (tcv)was 1.99 (α= 0.05). This proved that there was a significant effect on English competence between experimental and control group.
 
Article
The English language is lingua franca, and although perceived as the global language of modernity and success, its viral spread has inadvertently created marginalizing socioeconomic inequalities. This position paper argues that English language educators in higher education should take a more active role in promoting and implementing University Social Responsibility (USR) programs. English teachers need not limit their focus on language teaching and cross-cultural communication but, at the same time, take on other roles aimed at addressing the needs of the marginalized.
 
Article
The article deals with the inhumane practice of female genital mutilation which is practiced in a large part of the world even today. The practice not only affects the victims physically but it also traumatizes them for life. The article seeks to determine the scale at which it is practiced in different countries. The role of United Nations and its agencies have also been discussed. The author seeks for solutions in her research and discusses the methods already being implemented to end this menace of the society.
 
Article
The paper aims at discussing the shift in agricultural culture. Most Balinese people live in the agricultural sector. They have a variety of traditional knowledge and technology called rural knowledge. Knowledge and technology were used as a foundation by the community in carrying out various activities, including agricultural activities. For example, knowledge of ala-ayuning dewasa to start work in the fields. However, the implementation of the green revolution program by the New Order government, to ensure food availability for 111.8 million residents, from 1969-1974, shifted much of local wisdom value. This study used a qualitative analysis method with an interpretive approach. The results showed several factors that were causing the shift in agricultural culture in Subak Abian, Jembrana Regency, for example, modernism, ideological factors, Dutch colonialism influence, economic development orientation, science, and technology. The shifting process of agricultural culture tends to start from changes in aspects of material infrastructure, then affect of social structure, and ultimately also influence the ideological superstructure aspects. The implications of this shift are seen in social, economic, religious life, and community kinship system.
 
Article
Since the publication of Lakoff and Turner’s seminal book More Than Cool Reason (1989), several studies have been done on poetic metaphor in literature, as reflected in the works of Jaberi et al. (2016), Al-Jumaili, (2020), Johansson (2016), Kravets et al. (2021), and Marugina et al. (2014), showing that conceptual metaphor is pervasive in literature. However, to the best of our knowledge, no single study has offered a systematic cognitive analysis of the poems written by the famous Tunisian romantic poet Ab? Q?sem Ech?b?. This study tried to fill this gap, at least partially. It provided a cognitive semantic analysis of Ech?b?’s poem The Will to Life, by using the CMT theoretical framework, as propounded by Lakoff and Johnson (1980) and Kövecses (2002, 2017). The study aimed at identifying the conceptual metaphors underlying Ech?b?’s The Will to Life. It used the methodological tools proposed by CMT, such as linguistic metaphor, conceptual metaphor, target domain (TD) and source domain (SD). Data analysis identified several conceptual metaphors in which abstract concepts, such as LIFE, HOPE, DIGNITY, BEAUTY, DREAM and FREEDOM were reified or personified. This study corroborated the CMT claim that humans- poets and non poets alike - “live by metaphors.”
 
Article
The paper is a study in the representation of the systematic abuse inflicted by the American Female Soldier (being an image of American militarism) upon the Iraqi prisoners in the Abu Ghraib jail. The American misconducts exercised are based on political and cultural grounds: it is dramatically evident that the American Female Soldier has prejudicially transformed the stage into a battleground, whereon, post colonially, the Iraqi prisoners are viciously addressed by demeaning terms.
 
Article
The language (oral) was a tool for communicating with each other. Furthermore, through the language (both oral and written) a human was able to express their thoughts to be accepted environment. Therefore, the language as a tool, the human will keep their desire or their ideology unlike puppeteers in performing the Wayang Menak Sasak in Lombok. The language role was actualized by a puppeteer in term of briefing (the counter of Bourdieu theories (2004: 157) that stated the symbolic violence towards the culture, including the language), i.e. opened minded for the society in understanding a language beyond their mother tongue, especially, for the multi-cultural society, unlike Indonesia. In understanding, the local language out of mother tongue for Indonesian societies urged to be actualized as an effort to build a humanist society, i.e. the society who love their nation culture through the culture exchanging between Indonesian citizens forsaking the NKRI (The Unitary Country of Indonesia Republic). Other than language, the art understanding beyond an art that inherited by societies group (ethnic) in this archipelago was urgent to endorsed by the government. Understanding the language and the arts for a society citizen out of the mother tongue and ethnicity within the unitary state of Indonesia was expected that Indonesia citizen understood across culture to their own ethnic culture. Thus, a mutually understanding, mutual understanding to each other will be improved in a culture that was a peace togetherness unlike happened in Lombok.
 
Article
This study aims at providing scientific arguments against the phenomena that appear in the Bible translation especially the extreme poles of literal and free translation versions. These two contradictory poles can be reconciled so that the literal products are not only accurate but also readable and vice versa the products of free translation version are not only readable but has a high level of accuracy. Data is in the form of terms taken from a famous biblical text of English – Indonesian translation entitled “The Sermon on the Mount” from two different versions namely literal and free translations. This study reveals that the reconciliation process of the two extreme poles can be done through the selection of proper translation procedure and by applying the chosen procedure correctly. Based on the finding, the meeting point of literal and free translation versions lies on the literal procedure, whereas the method of choosing correct procedure in literal translation can be done by way of starting from literal procedure to the left and from literal procedure to the right for the free translation version.
 
Article
The topic of this case study is Clash of ideas and sensibility in writings of Joseph Conrad and Chinua Achebe. I have portrayed how both the authors have represented Africa in their writings. Joseph Conrad is a European whereas Chinua Achebe is an African. Both of them have contrary views about the people of Africa and Africa as a country. Both show some of the effects that the white colonists had on the area, and the influence they had on the natives. In Heart of Darkness, we see the influence of Kurtz over the natives at the Inner Station, where they revered him almost as a god. At the other stations, we also see the natives being affected by the white colonists, changing their ways of living around the station, and following what the white men's command, for the most part. In Things Fall Apart, we see this in Okonkwo’s home village, where the white colonists set up a District Commissioner (D.C), and the natives bend to the laws he sets, even helping him enforce them. This completely changes their previous way of life.
 
Article
Literature is a dual discipline as it deals with human beings and their environment at monist and dualist levels. Duality in literature in this respect arouses considerable interest here. It is explored in West African writings with a particular focus on Achebe’s A Man of the People and Soyinka’s The Lion and the Jewel. Both authors’ use of duality for each is examined by attempting to measure the two literary works’ main characters and the leading themes. Achebe’s Chief Nanga and his antagonist, Odili, are compared to Soyinka’s Baroka and his rival Lakunle. Sidi the center of the conflict in Soyinka’s play is measured to Achebe’s Edna. Both writers’ works are examined under the plane of the conflict of generations. The two literary works exhibit the themes of tradition versus modernity depicted through their characters. The analysis revealed that a character in one genre may be different from or similar to another’s story character from a similar or different setting.
 
Article
The current paper discussed two points of view, namely; first, analyze critically the methods used to internalize bhakti yoga devotion to followers. Second, to critically analyze the implications that have arisen after the establishment of bhakti yoga ideology. These are very interesting to study because practically bhakti yoga provides “convenience” in achieving physical and spiritual happiness. That is, taking a way that does not twist can accelerate to religion destination, namely the achievement of physical and spiritual happiness. The results showed first, the process of understanding bhakti yoga ideology was carried out by (1) through nawa widha bhakti, (2) hermitage, (3) raising cattle, (4) associating with spiritual teachers (sadhu sangga). Second, the ingrained bhakti yoga ideology has implications for religious life, namely the use of symbols of religious sect identity unlike the use of japamala and tilaka. Implications to socio-culture, there is an interaction of follower’s culture before and after they take part in bhakti yoga in religious sects. The implication for the economy of religious sects and followers is a capital exchange between followers and capital accumulation on followers and organizations.
 
Article
Every child who was born normally has the potential or language in him. Problems that often attract attention is about how the process of language acquisition a child. This research discusses acquisition of phonology as a young age 2 years named Symeea using contrasting theory and process introduced by Ingram. According to Ingram a child has system phonology adults with the creation its structure own and then change the structure of this if prescience on the system adults better. The development of phonology this through assimilation and accommodation that is constantly (according to the theory of Piaget): change the structure of to harmonized by the fact. Acquisition phonology child occurs through some process of simplification common involving all classes sound. This research using design descriptive qualitative research to described of language acquisition particularly to the field of phonology. Data sources in this research is a recording speech a child up to the age 2 years named Symeea on 27 December 2016. Data in this study collected with the observation to technique record and note. Based on the results of recording that has been done can be concluded that acquisition phonology on Symeea involving process substitution in each the phoneme /r/, /u/, /s/, and /a/. Acquisition phonology on Symeea also involved the process of assimilating especially in the phoneme /e/. In addition, happened the process structure syllables (simplification structure syllable) cluster of to the reduction/r/ in each said [pergi] and [rumah]. Speech of Symeea there was interference language the use of Sasak language inform the phrase.
 
Article
The purpose of this study is to identify the verbal form and function of students' speech acts in the classroom, using the ethnographic approach Hymes communication in order to express the way they interact in class. Data was gained from the speech acts of students and teachers during the learning process. Furthermore, this study applied a qualitative descriptive approach. From the results of the study, it is found that the verbal form and function of directive speech acts in classroom were questioning, commanding, and advising.
 
Article
Disagreement has been widely regarded as one of the most interesting speech acts in EFL context since the way the speaker expresses her or his opposing view can affect the addressee’s self-image and view of the addressor. This article attempted to identify various strategies native speakers of English realized this speech act through a qualitative method by analyzing two sets of authentic data from two half-hour interviews. Next, it investigated the lack of emphasis on disagreement in EFL materials before offering possible suggestions to equip non-native learners of English with pragmatic competence to disagree effectively. The findings and recommendations had implications for EFL teachers, course designers, and materials developers in how and why speech acts and pragmatic competence should be emphasized in order to ensure that nonnative speakers of English could communicate effectively without being perceived as pragmatically inferior.
 
Article
Prosocial behavior must always be possessed by every student, especially student scout members. The low prosocial behavior possessed by students of the scout members of SMAN 4 Bone, is very influential in establishing interactions in their environment. This research wants to see an increase in prosocial behavior through caring boy scout activities. The design in this study uses The One Group Pre-Post Test Design. The number of participants in this study were 22 students who were members of the scouts of SMAN 4 Bone using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected using a scale of prosocial behavior consisting of 40 items. The statistical test used is Wilcoxon with RStudio software version 1.2.1335. The results of this study indicate that the pretest score was M = 108.6 and the post-test score was M = 120.4. The results of testing the hypothesis obtained values Z (-4.06) and p (.00 < .05), so there is an increase in prosocial behavior through scout care activities. The difference in the pretest and posttest scores shows that the scout care activities are activities that can improve the prosocial behavior of students, especially for students who are members of the Boy Scouts of SMAN 4 Bone.
 
Article
This paper investigated the collocational choices used among three Nigerian paramilitary formations in their official discourse activities with a view to ascertaining the contextual meanings of the lexical choices. Data for the study were collected by means of participant observation and key informant interview (KII) of randomly selected segments of members in the office environment, patrol duties and muster parades. The findings showed that personnel of the formations used peculiar collocational choices in their formal discourse engagements with a high level of competence that enhanced in-group mutual intelligibility and solidarity. Categorically, the collocational choices occurred in eight different combinations: noun-noun, adjective-noun, verb-noun, adverb-adjective, adverb-verb, adverb-noun, noun-adjective and verb-adverb lexically compatible to advance institutionally modelled meanings. The lexical collocations are prominently two content words in the open class system consciously devised to communicate professional orientation for the discharge of their security and safety-related statutory duties.
 
Article
The novel Snowing in Bali is an international bestseller novel telling the story of Bali’s hidden drug world. Some utterances in the novel contain kinds of speech acts. The text of the novel is analyzed to find out the kinds of speech acts. The research aims to analyze speech acts and their kinds. Speech acts is a subfield of pragmatics studying how words are used not only to present information but also to carry out actions. There are three kinds of speech acts, for instance, elocutionary acts, illocutionary acts, and perlocutionary acts. A locutionary act can be defined as performing an act of saying something, an illocutionary act is viewed as an act in saying something, and a perlocutionary act is an act by saying something. A large number of those are found in the novel. This research is aimed to find out and analyze the elocutionary acts, the illocutionary acts, and the perlocutionary acts. The theory used is of Austin (1962), considering that people do not only use the language to assert things but also to do things.
 
Article
This research discusses the use of illocutionary acts uttered by the characters in Wonder a novel by R.J. Palacio. It explores how the acts of illocutionary are conveyed by the characters in the whole novel. The purpose of this study is to find the type of illocutionary acts uttered by the main characters, the intended meaning of utterances, and the character’s purposes in using such assertive. This research applies the pragmatics theory about speech acts to analyze the use of illocutionary acts in conversations. This study is qualitative research and it uses document as the source of the data that is Wonder a novel by R.J. Palacio. The result of this study shows that there are four types of illocutionary uttered by the characters. The types of illocutionary acts are assertive, commissive, directive, and expressive. Those utterances have the intended meanings that are influenced by the context of the situation in every phenomenon.
 
Article
The findings show that the integration and adaptation of Dayak Ngaju religious system adherents to Hinduism was done because of both internal and external factors. The internal factor includes the needs for recognition of their basic rights in religion as well as desire for changes, pioneered by intellectuals and leaders of Dayak Ngaju religious system. The external factor includes religious politics, economy, education, religious conversion, as well as the existence of Great Council of Kaharingan Hinduism and the role of State Hindu College of Tampung Penyang Palangka Raya. The adaptation strategies are indicated through accommodative behaviours, revitalization and revivalization, as well as resistance. The implication of the adaptation strategies is that the adherents of Dayak Ngaju religious system are able to maintain Kaharingan identity by calling the religion “Hindu Kaharingan”, even though in state administration, the religion is still written as Hinduism. In daily practice, the teachings of Dayak Ngaju religious system can be delivered in its entirety, and the adherents may still have their rights in religious practices, education, economy, and politics just like the adherents of Indonesian official religions.
 
Article
Literary adaptation is a process, which reproduces the pre-existent literary piece of work into a series of altering characters, settings, actions, and storylines. Adaptations of canonical texts of great authors such as Shakespeare had won the universal dignity. By using Hutcheon’s adaptation theory, this research aimed to scrutinize the impact of the transcultural adaptations of Macbeth as Raees by Government College University Dramatic Club, Lahore. The reception of Shakespeare as the manifestation of the British culture involved many social, cultural, and political factors that were analyzed in this research by using Hutcheon’s concept of "indigenization" (2103:150). I had collected data from source texts, scripts, articles, interviews, observations, questionnaires, and group discussions. The Government College University Dramatic Club, Lahore team made the variations in the text to make it appropriate to the native/local culture. These variations were significant in making the transcultural adaptation as a success in the native culture.
 
Article
There were several main topics discussed in this article, especially how the Spanish suffix -mente contributed in changing an adjective to an adverb. This writing also explained the kind of adjective which could be attached with the suffix -mente, as there was more than one kind of adjective in Spanish according to its gender, masculine and feminine. The data analyzed were taken from a novel entitled El Quijote by Miguel de Cervantes. Thus, the translation was applied to the data in this research. The method used was adopted from the previous research done by Sergi Torner. In the end of the research done, it was known that -mente­ belonged to a derivational morpheme and worked the same way as the English suffix -ly. Because of this matter, the morphological theory was conducted in this research.
 
Article
The current study aimed at developing English instructional materials for listening and speaking as additional learning sources. The research was conducted at Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram, Indonesia. The population was university students of semester three in academic year 2018/2019. There were 48 students as the respondents of 20 questionnaires. The current study followed Research and Development Procedures proposed by Borg & Gall (1979). It involves (1) a preliminary stage and collects information, (2) planning, (3) develop of product, (4) expert validation, (5) small-scale and large-scale field tried-out the students. The result of the research has shown that Indonesian students have confirmed the need for listening and speaking English materials. Since the existing materials used in learning had weaknesses, including the lack of opportunity for listening and speaking, the researchers have developed the TEFL materials to meet the standard. After being validated by the experts, and tried-out to the students, the developed TEFL materials have been able to improve students’ speaking ability.
 
Article
This paper is about the analysis of exclamative clause which is occurred in English novel and its translation into Indonesian. Some theories are used to support the analysis, the theory of translation by Nida and Taber (1974) and also types of sentences by Quirk (1976). The analysis found there are two types of exclamative clause, i.e. interjection and exclamative sentences in the novel as the data of this study. The form of the exclamative sentences are not only marked by a noun phrase but also an adjective phrase. The structure of both texts (SL and TL) syntactically could be translated into the same or different structure, while the SL are mostly translated or equivalent into TL by the same forms. The changes of information do not change the main idea from the SL so the message can be transferred the same in TL. The result of this study shows that there are variations of translation of the English exclamative clause into Indonesian, which include the communicative functions of the sentence.
 
Article
The novel the Good Earth is one of the popular novels that tell the story about Chinese culture. Some sentences contain an adverb of manner and its translation from English into Indonesian. The text is analyzed and viewed to find the translation of the adverb of manner. The purpose of this study is to analyze the source translation and get the meaning and its sentence. As we know that an adverb is a word that changes the meaning of a verb, adjective, and a sentence. Adverbs are words like hurriedly, quickly, slowly, and instantly. It modifies a verb or verb phrase. An adverb gives information about the manner, time, place, frequency, or certainty. Adverbials are words groups in which an adverbial phrase tells us something about the verb. They could be taken in the forms of adverbs, adverb phrases, temporal noun phrases or prepositional phrases. Some classifications of adverbial are found in the novel. It is called adverbial of manner. The research aims to find out the translation of manner adverb. The theory used is Brown and Miller (1992) describing that adverb of manner indicating how the event described by the verb.
 
Process and Participant Types
Types of Participant's Roles in the Advertisement Videos
Types of Circumstances in the Advertisement Videos
Article
Employing the Halliday’s theory of transitivity (1985), this study explores the representation of Balinese religion, culture, and nature in the Bali tourism advertisements videos produced by Bali’s Tourism Office, Bali Tourism Board and Ministry of Tourism of Indonesian Republic. The study reveals that the language of the advertisements mostly describes Bali in terms of material process, mental and relational process. In terms of relational process, the beauty of Bali’s culture and nature is capitalized and portrayed as having certain kind of qualities: indicated by the use of adjectives typical to tourism advertisement such as mesmerizing, exotic, unique, etc. and it is constantly defined as paradise. A stark difference, however, occurs in terms of the participants of the clause. In the advertisement produced by the Bali Tourism office, the participants having the role of ‘actors’, ‘senser’ and ‘carrier’, are Balinese people, Bali’s nature, and culture. The advertiser, taking the position of ‘we’, the Balinese, speaks to the world, explaining their home island, culture and belief. On the other hand, the more ‘mainstream’ advertisements of Bali, give more to the prospective tourists, addressed as ‘you’. Here the tourists are the actors and sensers of everything Bali can offer. Bali is depicted as purely a travel destination that can satisfy the visitors and in the position of passive ‘phenomenon’ and ‘goals’. The advertisers are taking the position of ‘the travel agent’, the third party that promotes Bali
 
Article
This scientific writing is categorized as a literary that discusses about figurative language in advertisements, particularly used in Visitor’s Guide to Bali that is one of the tourism elements or facilities in Bali. The title of this paper is “Kinds of Figurative Language Found in Printed Advertisement.” In analyzing the figurative languages in these advertisements, I applied the theory from L. Larson in his book entitled Meaning Based Translation as the main theory and as the supporting theories I took the theories from a book entitled Matriculation English Course written by Neisfield and David Nunan in his book entitled Discourse Analysis. In this theory I also found a lot of discussion discussing about figurative language. Some other supporting books that relevant to the topic are also used to assist the analysis. The method of analyzing the data is a library research in which the data were taken from the text advertisements of Visitor’s Guide to Bali Advertisement.
 
Article
Automotive commercial advertising is an advertisement that is often aired on television. As one of the countries with the largest automotive vehicle consumers in Asia, many advertisements are issued by motor vehicle manufacturers so that the products they offer are purchased by the public. This paper will discuss how the existing advertisement structure displays signs that are effective and efficient so that with a short duration, an advertisement can provide a lot of information. The problems discussed in this paper are what the role of the icon, index, and symbol in the automotive advertisements that are broadcasted on television. The data source in this paper uses advertisements data from Yamaha and Honda motorcycles. The research method in this paper uses the Peirce semiotic method that discusses the icon, index, and symbol in the advertisement. The method used in presenting the results of the analysis is formal and informal methods.
 
Article
The article deals with the language of advertising in Uzbek Language. The objective of the work is to provide the analysis of language of advertising from linguistic point of view and specify linguistic means used in advertising texts. The format of the advertising text is a certain difference compared to other functional properties of the text style. This is one of the distinguishing features mentioned are used in the title of any kind of short news reports in newspapers. The title of the advertising is important to the composition of the advertising creation relevant information. It’s the most important and interesting part of the target audience to attract attention. Text title, in general, does not explain all the details. We have the scientific language of the advertising text in a statement issued through the media; we will focus on the style characteristics of scientific and scholarly texts.
 
Article
This study aimed to identify the reading interests of the college students of the Delfin Albano Memorial Institute of Agriculture Technology (DAMIAT). The researcher made use of the descriptive method of research to determine the reading interests of the selected 193 college students of the school. The students reported that they read to improve their vocabulary, to keep themselves informed, to improve their reading comprehension, and to prepare themselves for class discussion. The reading materials they prefer to read the most to the least are books, newspapers, magazines, journals, pamphlets, and comics, respectively. Results of the Chi-square test for independence showed that the reading interests of the students toward the six reading materials depend on their economic status but not on their sexes, ages, courses, parents’ educational attainment, and residence. The study discussed the implications of these findings.
 
Article
This paper contains the results of research on the exposure of the meaning and value of agriculture ritual speech on Dawan ethnic in Mollo. This study is based on the Cultural Linguistic Theory that sees language is a cultural expression that describes the user’s perception or view of the world. Based on the theory, the results obtained, as follows: (1) the language in ritual speech include: a magical function, a conative function, and an emotive function; (2) agriculture ritual speech on Dawan ethnic in Mollo has meaning and value like surrender, togetherness, inheritance, and environmental care.
 
Article
The pivotal issues of this research are (a) how the signs of Sasak Sufism is reflected in novel Sanggarguri was written by Lalu Agus Fathurrahman, (b) how the Sufism role is implemented in Sasak community in modern life, (c) how the Sufism is somehow entangled with literacy learning. Thus, this study intends to interpret the meaning of sufist signs that are reflected in the novel, to study the role of Sufism in Sasak modern society, and to analyze any entanglement of Sufism with literacy learning in senior high school. The research is qualitative research with the descriptive analytic mode. Data collection is done with through library study together with a direct in-depth interview method to several prominent Sasak figures who understand Sasak Sufism as well as some teachers and students serving as the respondents in order to find how the entanglement of Sasak sufistic values properly inserted in the literature learning at senior high schools. In its process, this research assesses signs of Sasak Sufism by using the theory of semiotics and, afterward, endeavors to describe its relation to the literature learning. As one of the literary work holding local characteristic and theme, this novel contains a series of symbols and values upon culture, religiosity, and Sufism owned by Sasak people so they can be used as inspiration to maintain Sasak wisdom as their own identity. Sufism in Sasak community is a paradigm or a way of thinking and behavior for Sasak people in looking their selfnesses as God’s creatures and their relationship with other creatures living in the world.
 
Article
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This paper accounts for the suffix -ang in Balinese and it focuses on its syntactic and semantic representation. Using I Madé’s Sugianto’s Ki Bari Gajah, a one hundred fifty-page Balinese novel and informants as the data, and applying the RRG theory by Van Valin and Randy (1999) other thoughts of the experts of Balinese, it was found out that -ang functioning as a transitivizing suffix can attach to noun, adjective, adverbs and verbs and imply various syntactic structures and semantic representations. Suffix -ang attached to the base in imperative sentences express no meaning. In this case, it is just used to imply that the sentence is in the form of imperative. Like other languages, English for example, one derived verb with -ang may be used transitively or intransitively.
 
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Balinese language is one of the regional languages in Indonesia that has a unique talk system, it is still alive and used as an instrument of communication of Balinese tribe so that it should be well maintained in order to still exist as a cultural vehicle of Bali. The Balinese language has anggah-ungguh kruna (level-word) that an important role in the formation of speech-level or anggah-ungguh basa Bali. This paper aims to describe the identification anggah-ungguh kruna (word level arrangement) which is the specific feature of speaking Balinese. This research is a qualitative research discuss with structuralism theory. Data collection was done by observation and interview method, assisted by recording technique. The collected data is processed by analytical descriptive method. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be described that anggah-ungguh kruna basa Bali include: (1) kruna nenten alus (kruna kasar, mider, and andap); (2) kruna alus, include: (kruna alus singgih, alus sor, alus mider, and alus madia).
 
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Balinese language is one of the regional languages in Indonesia that has a unique talk system, it is still alive and used as an instrument of communication of Balinese tribe so that it should be well maintained in order to still exist as a cultural vehicle of Bali. The Balinese language has anggah-ungguh kruna (level-word) that an important role in the formation of speech-level or anggah-ungguh basa Bali. This paper aims to describe the identification anggah-ungguh kruna (word level arrangement) which is the specific feature of speaking Balinese. This research is a qualitative research discuss with structuralism theory. Data collection was done by observation and interview method, assisted by recording technique. The collected data is processed by analytical descriptive method. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be described that anggah-ungguh kruna basa Bali include: (1) kruna nenten alus (kruna kasar, mider, and andap); (2) kruna alus, include: (kruna alus singgih, alus sor, alus mider, and alus madia).
 
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Translating metaphor and metaphoric expressions is one of the disputable problems in translation studies due to the conceptual discrepancies which exist between the source culture and the target readership, moreover, if the metaphor plays a crucial role in creating an appeal to the reader as in the political text. In this respect, it is under the discussion of how to deal with a metaphor when translating political discourse, and what are the dominating strategies and traditions of translating metaphoric units in Turkish translations. Caused by the theoretical and practical urgency of the problem, this paper is aimed to analyze strategies of conveying metaphors from English to Turkish based on the novel “Animal Farm” by George Orwell and its Turkish translations by Sedat Demir and Celal Üster. To achieve the aims of the research the efforts were undertaken to compare the original text with its two different translations. For the precise analysis, Old Major’s speech was thoroughly scrutinized on the point of the metaphoric expressions in the text and their correspondences in the Turkish translations.
 
Top-cited authors
Gede Ginaya
  • Politeknik Negeri Bali
Sankar Ganesan
  • VIT University
Luh Putu Artini
  • Ganesha University of Education
Imade Sutama
  • Ganesha University of Education