International Journal of Development and Policy Studies

Published by African Journals Online
Online ISSN: 0795-0632
Publications
The paper will take a look at the term adultery from the Biblical setting given the prevailing tradition as expedient within the Jewish world. We would also appraisal the text in line with the needs of our cotemporary age. Having done that, we shall examine the implication of the act on women with special attention been given to the case of the woman in the context under review. Further more, we shall appraise issues from the feminist perspective given the demands of the 21st century experiences and then draw a conclusion on the subject matter.International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 89-98
 
The paper will be looking at issues from the biblical perspective as it relates to trafficking given the setting in Genesis 37 where Joseph was sold by his brothers into slavery. The preceding experience was the first recorded instance of one being sent into slavery not as a result of war scenario but because his brothers actually wanted to get rid of him. The paper will however be bringing to light the women experience which has received global attention and we shall be looking at the reasons that have successfully made our women victims of trafficking by drawing from the Nigerian experience. Consequent upon that, we shall be drawing on the effects of the act on the victims and we shall thereafter proffer solutions as to how to redeem the situation with a view of restoring dignity back to humanity in the 21st century respectively. International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 77-88
 
The article focused on the estimation of the prostitution demand behaviour in Adamawa State. An econometric model was specified based on economic theory and confronted with both primary and secondary data. Ordinary least square multiple regression techniques were adopted and the linear model was chosen as a lead equation. The study revealed that price of prostitution, income level, family size, educational level and marital status influence women decision into prostitution. It was, however, also observed that age was discovered that the price elasticities of demand for prostitution are -. 81 i.e. prostitution as a normal goods. And family size and commercial women elasticities were 1.10 and 57 respectively. The paper however, recommends that grass root economic development strategies that will empower household economically be pursuit vigorously since it was established that determinants of prostitution are poverty-driven.International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 50-53
 
Child labor convention 1999 (No. 182) called for urgent action on the worst forms of child labour which includes “all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery such as, sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict”. These types of work are illegal employment and labour practices. They still exist today world-wide. It is the objective of this paper to critically discuss this illegal employment and labour practices with empirical data, and finally proffer suggestions for eradication. International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 70-76
 
Although, slavery has been abolished from the world, the trade in human beings otherwise known as human trafficking still continues. Consequently, hundreds of thousands of African women and children are being forced into situations of Labour and sexual exploitation both on the continent and abroad every year as a result of the scorching poverty on the land. All the international scene, trafficking in persons has been identified as a serious threat to human security and development by governments, non-governmental organizations, pressure groups and the United Nations. Undoubtedly, for many African countries, the problem has only recently been acknowledged. This article therefore defines what human trafficking is, why it flourishes in Africa, its impact, the relationship between poverty and human trafficking and some recommendations aimed at combating this dastardly trade proffered.
 
Although, slavery has been abolished from the world, the trade in human beings otherwise known as human trafficking still continues. Consequently, hundreds of thousands of African women and children are being forced into situations of Labour and sexual exploitation both on the continent and abroad every year as a result of the scorching poverty on the land. All the international scene, trafficking in persons has been identified as a serious threat to human security and development by governments, non-governmental organizations, pressure groups and the United Nations. Undoubtedly, for many African countries, the problem has only recently been acknowledged. This article therefore defines what human trafficking is, why it flourishes in Africa, its impact, the relationship between poverty and human trafficking and some recommendations aimed at combating this dastardly trade proffered.
 
The act of parenting is the bedrock upon which a child\'s future behaviour and what the child eventually becomes depend. Various styles of parenting exists and the efficacy of any depends on whether it is able to shape the child towards a useful living or pushes him into the path of trafficking. This article therefore, deals with what trafficking in persons means, the concept of parenting, various styles of parenting in relation to trafficking in persons then recommendations are made to serve as a way forward.International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 41-49
 
At the close of events marking Nigeria\'s independence in 1960, hardly would any one had dreamt of slavery rearing its horrific head again, nor would it had occurred to someone that some Nigerians would grow up to have a resurgence of interest in this dastardly act. However, human trafficking a synonym to slavery has become a lucrative business to a few Nigerians. This act of inhumanity is being aided by foreigners and some blacks in the Diaspora. This paper examines the astute roles which the rough theatre in the light of its societal value, can play in order to eradicate this menace. Theatre “undeniably reflects ways of ordering the society, and, its main aim and anticipated goal is reformation towards charting a new course suitable for the progress of the society.” (Nwosu 2004; 99) This paper suggests ways by which the rough theatre can be used to eradicate human trafficking.International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 99-108
 
Savage neo-slave trade appears a befitting name for the current trafficking in persons which had dehumanized the homo-sapien. This is more savagery than its progeny, in which slaves were chained on their legs and necks and bound together in a convoy through Trans-Atlantic route to the white-man\'s country. The new slave trade the trans-National human trafficking, abuses the human element in its sacred part, the soul of womanhood. It is more devastating than the physical torture that was attendant to the trans-Atlantic route between 1445 and 1870. Paradoxically, the new phenomenon has its origin in Africa as with the first, with Nigeria, the old “slave coast”, again playing the arrow-head. This research explores the general characteristics of the illegal trade and identifies major predisposing factors as bad governance, with its ancillary by-products of unemployment, poverty and pervasive corruption in political and bureaucratic leadership. There is deception as well as ignorance on the part of the victims. The trade thrives in African cultural milieu which challenges public policy. Three African regional blocks, are found to be participants or facilitators in the trade, namely: Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) with Nigeria as a principal actor and a transit route; the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) and the North African Zones with Morocco as serving the “middle passage”. Combating policy in this study recommends a two-track policy model.International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 1-15
 
Trafficking in women and children, though a global phenomenon nowadays, it predates civilization, modernization and globalization. Culturally, some aspects of Yoruba people\'s culture encouraged it. Contrary to the UN current view that extracting the labor of women and children in particular, under certain age, was prohibitive, the culture of Yoruba people of Western Nigeria encouraged it. To them, there is a proverb that says that ati kekere laa ti pe kan iroko, to ba dagba tan apa ko nii kaa mo (children are better caught young, or else it would be difficult to mould them when they grow up). This informs the training of children at tender age in the business of trading and engagement in other forms of work.International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 16-40
 
Trafficking in human beings is a “cancerous” problem that has negative impacts on every aspect of the human society globally. This cancer has assumed alarming dimensions and has been attributed to various factors.The result of trafficking in humans is that people are dislocated from their culture, which can be likened to the seen dispersal syndrome, which equally affects their outlook and adjustment in life. It therefore becomes the concern of many groups and individuals to explore ways of curbing this ugly development. This paper, thus, sees literary education as a potential tool that is capable of re-shaping individuals\' perspectives on human trafficking. It is hoped that this would make them to desist from the practice, so that human beings will retain the dignity which God originally bequeathed on them. The society will thus be a better place for all. To ascertain the causes of human trafficking in Nigeria, the research isolated globally acknowledged factors which were probed by use of questionnaire. Analysis of data revealed that most of the factors equally play a significant role in the scourge of human trafficking in Nigeria. Implications of this practice to both the individual and the society were drawn. Finally, the researcher examined the role which literaly education could play through various available media to curb the trend.International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 60-69
 
Over the years hundred of African men, women and children either willingly or are forcefully being subjected into situations of labour and sexual exploitation both on the continent or abroad. For many African countries, the problem has just recently been acknowledged. Internationally, trafficking in persons and its twin brother human smuggling have been identified as serious threat to humanity by United Nations, pressure groups and various governments. This article therefore, focuses on the meaning of trafficking in persons and human smuggling, their differences, the inter-relationships, the impact of both trafficking in persons and human smuggling on the continent of Africa, and strategies for combating human smuggling and trafficking in persons generally.International Journal of Policy and Development Studies Vol. 3 2007: pp. 54-59
 
8:1 Incidence of Attacks in some selected Villages in Barkin Ladi
Herders and farmers conflicts in Nigeria have enjoyed a lot of construal and different connotations. The confrontations mostly started as farmers and herder's conflict, then the attacks of suspected Fulani herders, then rustlers and bandits and a lot of others. The mode of attacks and nature of the clashes varies in different times and different places. The conflicts have further opened ways to menace such as the spread of Fulani bandit, the rise of cattle rustlers and other criminalities such as the activities of societal miscreants, and conflict entrepreneurs. All the attacks and confrontations often have negative bearings on people lives, properties, businesses, houses, food and agricultural produces. This study attempted to examine herders and farmers conflicts in Barkin Ladi Local Government Area of Plateau State and how it has affected societal progression. The study generated data from array of both published and unpublished materials such as text books, journal papers, newspapers, magazines, white paper of reports of panel of investigation and commission of inquiry, internet materials, seminar and conference papers and a lot of others. The main instrument used to generate data was interview. In interpreting our data, the relationship between herders and farmers conflicts and development was established at both theoretical and empirical level. Empirically, we used a qualitative and historical method that was critical and analytical in providing descriptive and historical details.This was further complemented by descriptive analysis. It was established that the activities of groups such as the Bigol, bandit and some youth of the Berom who often indulged in cattle rustling is at the heart to the incessant attacks that are witnessing in the Local Government Area. The acts have enjoyed a lot of interpolation and have been eroded and broaden by different vices in the society. It was also found out that the attacks have negative impact on lives and properties, farm products, livestock, food production, business and a lot of others. Conclusion was drawn that the herders and farmers confrontation in Barkin Ladi is a migraine to socioeconomic development. Recommendations such as control of borders, good governance, improve policing, religious tolerance and a lot of others were proffered.
 
Research Question 1: To what extent does functional literacy programme influence socio-economic development of Beneficiaries in Okrika and Port Harcourt City Local Government Areas of Rivers State?Mean Response on the Extent to which Functional Socio-Economic Development.
Mean Response on the Extent to which Adult Health Literacy Programme influence Socio- economic Development.
Mean Responses on the Extent to which digital Literacy Programmes Influence the Socio- economic Development.
Analysis of Hypothesis 1 Using the Z-test Statistics
Analysis of Hypothesis 5 Using the Z-Test Statistics
The study examined the influence of Adult literacy programmes on the socioeconomic development of Beneficiaries in Okrika and Port Harcourt City Local Government Areas of Rivers State. The study was guided 'by five objectives, five research questions and five hypotheses. The study adopted a descriptive survey design with a population of 430 respondents (400 participants and 30 facilitators of adult literacy programmes). The proportionate sampling technique was adopted for data collection. The sample size of the study was 280 respondents consisting of 250 participants and 30 facilitators of adult, literacy programmes in the study area. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire tagged influence of Adult literacy Programmes on the socioeconomic Development. The reliability of the instrument was established using the test-retest method. A reliability index of 0.81 was obtained showing that the instrument was reliable. The research questions were answered using the mean statistics while the hypotheses were tested using the z-test at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study among other things revealed that functional, health and digital literacy programmes influence socioeconomic development in the study area to a high extent. It was recommended among others that government should provide resources for intensive campaign for adult literacy programmes to make an impact on the people it is meant for.
 
The water-energy-food (WEF) nexus debate has gained traction at various macro scales, with less sway at the micro (household level). Thus, this study sought to investigate the interrelationships between water, energy and food security at the household level, using the cases of Melani and Hamburg communities in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. A cross-sectional survey of 283 randomly selected households was conducted. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the data. The results indicated that most households in both communities were food and energy secure. Regarding water security, the results reveal that both communities were water insecure. Nexus estimate results revealed a positive association between food insecurity and water security, caused by food substitution and possible omission of meals as households try to balance the limited time required for the collection of adequate water from distant sources and cooking meals. A positive nexus between food insecurity and energy poverty was also noted, triggered by low energy and caused by the usage of expensive electric stoves at the expense of cheap additional measures of energy sources. With low energy, households were therefore forced to select food groups that do not require high energy (capable of compromising their dietary diversity) and possibly missed some meals in response to available energy. The study concludes that there are several non-linear synergies and trade-offs in the WEF nexus at household level worth understanding to ensure sustainability in the nexus.
 
Top-cited authors
Promise Sage Joseph
  • Rivers State University
Ebunoluwa Oduwole
  • Olabisi Onabanjo University
Agnes Maliki
  • Niger Delta University
W.J. Ubulom
  • Rivers State University of Science and Technology
Ikpa Augustine Ikechukwu
  • Rivers State University of Science and Technology and Ignatius Ajuru University of Education.