Due to the discontinuity of support for one of the database versions most used by organizations, Oracle Database 11g, it is important that companies that still use this version, pay attention to the next upgrade from Oracle. This work was elaborated by means of exploratory research, using as methods and research techniques the documentary and bibliographic analysis, with the purpose of providing steps with techniques and methods of how to proceed with two oracle projects, one of migration from the Linux operating system Red Hat 4.4.7-3 for Oracle Linux 7.7, and a version upgrade from Oracle Database 11g to Oracle Database 19c, presenting strategies using tools and following Oracle's recommendations. This study was built based on real demands that companies have been facing with this great dilemma, the discontinuity of support for the Oracle database 11g version. The observed results were, official support from Oracle, architectural change in order to be prepared for a supposed intervention with updating and migration of services to the cloud.
Companies are constantly seeking to implement continuous improvements in all sectors, seeking to build a relationship of reliability with their customers by improving the quality of their products. Given this scenario, this study aims to apply the power increase of a power supply to optimize a process. The implementation was made in a company of the industrial center of Manaus-AM. The proposal presented in this paper, points implementation of maintenance improvements, adaptation in the power supply and cost reduction.
The need for continuous improvement in the transfer process to municipalities and the Federal District in compliance with the legislation in art. 27 of Law No. 13,240, of December 30, 2015, included the wording of art. 6-B in Decree-Law No. 2,398, of December 21, 1987, establishing the obligation for the Union, through the Secretariat for Coordination and Governance of the Union's Heritage - SPU, to transfer the corresponding to the Municipalities and the Federal District - DF to 20% (twenty percent) of the annual collections of the previous year referring to Forum, Occupancy Fee and Laudemium, charged for the use of those properties located in the municipalities and in the DF and art. 17 of Law No. 13,240, of 2015, and 16-G of Law No. 13,465, of July 11, 2017, likewise determined the transfer of 20% of equity income arising from the sale of Federal properties that are registered in occupation and, also, the remission of jurisdiction of the real estate under a lease, respectively, always observing the location of the real estate. The primary interest is to examine the transfer process in the last 5 (five) years and optimize, analyze the failures of the transfer process, as well as quantify the amounts not transferred to the states.
The aim of this study is to show a practical grounding measurement method for 13.8 kV step-down sheltered substation to serve as support material for use in the area.If required, an analytical comparative method for groundmeasurementthroughtheterrometer measurement equipment in the ground measurement process of a step down 13.8 kV substation with its equipment,comparing the data obtained referring to the commonly used methods, thus identifying among the most efficient grounding processes.The development of this study was based on the measurement of electrical grounding with a terrometer in a factory located in the city of Manaus. The procedure used was to perform resistance measurements, to record through measurements and images all the system measurements, to compare the values through Conventional measurement method, with electrical ground ohmic resistance meter, displaying tables and graphs to demonstrate whether the electrical grounding of the entire system would be at adequate levels.
This paper is a cut of the dissertation developed in the Program of Cultural Diversity and Social Inclusion of Feevale University. The aim of this study is to understand the association of the dimensions of the Quality of Life related to Health (HRQoL) with the profile of schooling and access to the labor market of young students aged at 14 to 16 from a city in Vale dos Sinos. A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional survey was adopted. The sample was non-probabilistic; totaling 335 students between 14 and 16 years old, of both sexes, enrolled in the municipal network investigated in 2015. The Questionnaire Kidscreen-52 version for young and sociodemographic questionnaire were used as data collection instruments. The result revealed that labor market insertion interferes with the perception of HRQoL, raising scores in general, but it brings a significant reduction in the dimension D9 School Environment and elevation of failure rates for young workers.
This article presents the result of a diagnosis made through a checklist based on the ISO 14001: 2015 normative items in a company that operates in the electronics industry. This study sought to identify the level of environmental sustainability recommended by ISO 14001, the change in behavior with the implementation of selective collection in the company and the elaboration of environmental control procedures, idealizing economic growth in a sustainable manner, preserving the environment and ensuring the environment. future of future generations. The conclusions are that the evaluated company needs to comply with 65% of the mandatory items of NBR ISO 14001: 2015, which evidenced the need for an environmental education program to assist in the implementation of the environmental management system in the evaluated industry.
Since the end of 2019, the world has become aware of a new virus that has emerged in China, which in February 2020 was called by the World Health Organization (WHO, 2019) as Coronavirus disease (COVID19). Due to its fast transmission, at 18:32 (GMT) on March 29, 2020, the world has officially accounted for about 710,950 new confirmed cases with 33,553 deaths and 150,734 recovered cases (Worldometers, 2020). The pandemic has become the newest challenge for several nations, especially the USA, Italy, China, Spain, Germany, Iran, for being the most affected, and since Brazil is a continental country with disabilities in its Unified Health System, it could be in the next two months among the five most affected. Thus, the main objective of the research is analyze the evolution of new cases of COVID19 in 16 countries to present short-term scenarios and recommendations for Brazil to face the pandemic. The research is applied, as its results and recommendations can be applied with adaptation by government authorities, business managers and citizens. The research is descriptive, with a qualitative and quantitative approach, based on bibliographic and documentary research, involving the study of articles, reports, manuals and other technical documents related to the subject. For the creation of scenarios, data collection focused on the number of new cases registered in 16 countries, including Brazil, as well as in the development of an approach using metaphorical analysis of the Board, the Inverted Pyramid and Papyri. The main conclusion is that even though no country is prepared to face epidemics and pandemics (NTI, JHU and EIU, 2019), among the 16 countries investigated, Thailand, Finland, Australia, South Korea, Denmark and Sweden are benchmarks that Brazil could study in order not to repeat the scenarios of China, USA, Italy and Spain. At the end, ten recommendations are made for future research and also to public and private managers.
The literacy tradition of Sundanese society appeared around the 16th century AD. This was attested by the discovery of the ancient Sundanese Sanghyang Siksakandang Karesian (SSK) manuscript written in 1518 AD. The discovery of the manuscript was not only illustrated Sundanese literacy tradition at that time, but also the ability to explore and understand ideas both delivered in writing and in audio- visual. As a matter of fact, literacy activities at that time had achieved the level of understanding and solving social and statehood problems with referenced to behavior in forms of dogmas. Thus, literacy activities at that time had involved and devoted all potential and expertise to manage life or life skills. The manuscript of SSK also illustrates the realm of literacy that has been covered at that time, for example reading and writing literacy, numerical literacy, scientific literacy, financial literacy, and cultural and citizenship literacy. The description of the above facts will be explained descriptively.
One of the typical crops of the semiarid tropic is the maize Zea mays L., a rustic plant cultivated in the Brazilian northeastern semiarid region mainly by small farmers. It is one of the sources of protein and carbohydrates and an economic alternative for job creation, especially for rural populations. Among the factors limiting its cultivation are pests, among which weevil and Angoumois grain moth. This work aims to evaluate the insecticide activity of plant extracts obtained from medicinal plants of the Brazilian northeastern flora for the control of Angoumois grain moth and weevil under laboratory conditions. The methodology consisted in the production of plant powders, which were mixed with 99.8% alcohol, and then macerated and filtered. Using a rotary evaporator and applying a water bath, it was possible to separate the alcohol from the filtered solution, resulting in a creamy paste, which is the extract itself, later used in tests with insects. Preliminary tests were applied at the concentrations of 0% [control] to 100% ml of extracts. Extracts with a mortality rate ³50% were analyzed by bioassays and four replicates, each consisting of a lot of five insects. The experimental design was completely randomized.
Biofloc research commenced in the late 1970s, with the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei and the Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus the most commonly studied species. The present study evaluated M. rosenbergii cultures in recirculation and biofloc systems by comparing the water quality and productive performance of juveniles in both systems. The study was based on a simple randomized experimental design with a recirculation and biofloc treatment, each conducted in triplicate. The initial length and weight of the organisms was 1.04 cm and 0.31 g (recirculation) and 1 cm and 0.30 g (biofloc), respectively, while the bioassay, which lasted nine weeks, was undertaken in a salinity of 5 ppm with a natural photoperiod (12:12). The present study monitored basic variables corresponding to the water, survival, growth (in weight), and the composition of the plankton.The basic variables of the water (temperature, salinity, and pH) were kept within the recommended range for the culture. Of the plankton observed in the biofloc, nematodes, rotifers, cyanobacteria, ciliates, heliozoa, and dinoflagellates predominated. The organisms grown in the recirculation system reached 5.35 cm in length and 1.28 g in weight, while those grown in the biofloc reached 5.18 cm and 2 g, with significant differences in individual weight observed. Survival in the recirculation and biofloc systems was 73% and 60%, respectively, with significant differences observed. It is concluded that, although the survival rate was higher in the recirculation system, the weight of individual organisms was higher in the biofloc treatment.
The process of manufacturing handcrafted 18ct gold wedding rings is a method widely used by small scale and self-employed manufacturers, this manufacturing method has low investment in labor, equipment, tools and physical space, but this method becomes a both outdated when improvements are needed, in this case the alliance manufacturing process through micro-casting and machining is considered to be one of the efficient ways to produce on a medium scale and requires a slightly larger investment in equipment, and tools that eliminate some processes. idle, generating a higher production volume and a superior finish compared to the artisanal production method.
COVID-19 and its ensuing pandemic ignited an atomic bomb on educational systems across the world invoking an emergent and abrupt transition to remote learning. The aftershocks were unpredictable but left a crippled educational system where students were forced into their bedrooms, sometimes deported to their homelands in different time-zones and isolated from their friends and peers. Learning quickly transitioned from social face-to-face interactions to an estranged and detached face-to-computer dependence. Although some introverted students welcomed this transition, many were dissatisfied, and their performance reflected this sentiment. In this study, we compare students’ performance in an undergraduate mathematics class in a large research-intensive university in the Western United States of America over a 2-year time period from 2019 to 2020. This started as a traditional lecture-style course for 3 quarters, transitioned to a hybrid lecture style with integrated adaptive team-based quizzes for 2 quarters, and abruptly changed with the COVID-19 pandemic to online lectures with team-based quizzes for 1 quarter. We demonstrate in our retrospective data analysis that the performance gains from the traditional lecture-style transition to active learning were subsequently lost in the movement to remote learning. We discuss the many obstacles that may have accounted for this loss of performance and suggest future directions for improving remote active learning methodologies.
The COVID-19 disease that affected the entire world in 2020 is caused by a virus (SARS-CoV-2) with a high rate of pathogenicity and transmission that caused several deaths in its trajectory. To combat this disease several personal hygiene measures and the use of personal protective equipment were necessary. In view of this, the study aims to clarify some doubts regarding the vaccine and its effectiveness, individual protection and the performance of health professionals in the face of this situation.
In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that Covid-19 reached a pandemic level. In this regard, quarantine measures were applied by governmental organizations. Such measures had a negative impact on the mental health of the whole population, and thus, of the workers. This study aims to survey the international literature on aspects of mental health in workers in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, available in the Scopus database. The methodology used is classified as exploratory, descriptive, and quantitative with a bibliometric approach. After searching and applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 217 documents were retrieved. For analysis, 7 thematic axes were organized, pointing out the main findings of each topic. As results, it was found that there is an important academic production on mental health aspects of health professionals, and less investigations with workers from other contexts. Still, it was identified that Brazilian researchers have played an important role in the production of this knowledge. It is concluded that the entire scientific community is engaged, especially in the health field, to conduct investigations addressing aspects of mental health and workers in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic.
COVID-19 has created unprecedented circumstances throughout the world that resulted in a disruption to “Business as Usual”. The world economy has been shaken enormously, scores of lives have been lost, and a “New Normal” has been adopted by everyone. In this atmosphere, leadership becomes a high commodity, and a well-sought after skill. Therefore, individuals everywhere turn to decision-makers at the top of the hierarchy for their leadership skills. This paper provides examples to illustrate the importance of leadership to turning disaster into efficient response.
The COVID-19 pandemic has transformed the reality, made social isolation urgent aiming at reducing the contagion of the disease and, as a consequence, had to interrupt the classes and actions of extension projects in person. In this aspect, the Internet has become a possibility of interaction between teachers, nursing students and the community in an extension project university entitled: "Aromatherapy as a tool for coping in times of pandemic. Thus, the present study is a report of the authors' experience in the project of aromatherapy as an activity for health promotion in times of pandemic by COVID-19. A descriptive qualitative report was carried out on the experiences of the authors with the use of a virtual platform as an alternative informative content on the subject, during this period. The project was carried out in five weeks, with three synchronous meetings, the programmatic content was guided by scientific evidence, with guidelines of great importance to the public assisted with the aim of promoting health and be a tool for coping in times of pandemic. Thus, access to health promotion and exchange of knowledge of the target audience of the extension project was expanded.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused such an unprecedented disturbance to the world, particularly on the economy, and caused significant disruption to the education ecosystem. It has affected school organizations and forced school leaders to adopt alternative ways of learning. The transition to online education posed many challenges in engaging students to participate actively, and one of the solutions is for teachers to create better digital lessons using gamification elements. But despite the prevalence of technology, educators lack the knowledge and skills to captivate students' interest to participate actively in online learning. At present, there is a dearth of studies on the application of gamification to teachers' online lessons during the COVID-19 pandemic. Educators must capitalize on new engaging technological trends as a form of techno-structural OD intervention to complement their pedagogies, teaching processes and encourage students' online participation. This concept paper highlights the benefits of applying gamification to education, particularly on how teachers can utilize game elements in creating, managing, and updating digitalized lessons to motivate students amidst the pandemic. The paper also explores fostering a healthy culture for students' heightened level of motivation, increased acquisition of knowledge, and learning new skills. It encourages schools to adopt the appropriate type of gamification and suggests future researchers on the various types and elements of gamification that can be adapted by selected schools.
In 2020, Public Health has experienced a period of pandemic with the confrontation against the disease that initially appears in China Popular Republic and spread worldwide population, causing, in addition to major public health disorders, numerous losses with a high rate of deaths caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study aimed to analyze the epidemiological profile of COVID-19 in Araguari city, MG, Brazil, between March 2020 and November 2021. The study was carried out by collecting data on occurrences, deaths, age and sex of those people affected by the disease in the mentioned city. The information was extracted using a control spreadsheet prepared by the Planning and Epidemiology Departments of the Municipal Health Department. The data obtained were tabulated, analyzed and presented in the form of tables and figures. The pandemic triggered moments of fragility in the world health system and, in Araguari, caused high rates of its occurrence with great losses being 19,939 citizens who contracted the disease, with 474 deaths motivated by COVID-19. There was a prevalence of the disease in males and in people between 60 and 89 years old. The analysis of the evolution of COVID-19 cases, in absolute numbers, showed that between May and June 2020 there was an increase in COVID-19 notifications, as well as in the months of January to July 2021, with a reduction in August. Variations in the evolution of COVId-19 cases are probably related to the emergence of new variants of SARS-CoV-2.
Multiple and various graphic design pieces were created around the world for digital media during the COVID-19 pandemic. These graphic design pieces were meant to disseminate information about the disease caused by the new Corona Virus SARS-CoV-2 to inform people on how to better protect themselves. Information Design uses guidelines and principles that would inform the design of useful graphic pieces to combat the pandemic and help the people to address their health needs for citizenship rights. This research analyzed multiple pieces made available by Fiocruz (a Brazilian health institution). The case study presented in this paper explores the piece with information explaining how soap acts on the virus and proposes a new design to improve its quality.
It complements Silva (2020b) research, which showed that among 108 well-evaluated countries, the top benchmark nations against Covid-19 are Vietnam, Taiwan, and Thailand. For example, on April 16, 2021 around 3,011,574 lives were officially lost by Covid-19, while Taiwan, Vietnam, and Thailand reported respectively only 11, 35, and 97 fatal cases (WORLDOMETERS, 2021). So, this article main aim is to investigate the Vietnam performance and the management practices used to save lives against Covid19. The research uses an online questionnaire, is descriptive with documentary and bibliographic approaches to identify management practices, including Non Pharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs) adopted against a pandemic. Also the Fatality Total Index (SILVA, 2020b p. 563) was used to compare Vietnam's performance with 43 semifinalist countries. Some results are: 1) 200 NPIs were identified across the world against coronavirus; 2) Among the 44 countries, Vietnam showed the second best performance, after Taiwan; 3) among 107 respondents living in Vietnam, only 5.61% don´t believe that cultural practices are decisive for the low rate of Covid-19 death, while most (94.39%) believe in that. From the group that believe, the most decisive cultural practices were: wear a mask, wash hands, not shake hands, not hug in public and few religious assembly; 4) for 106 respondents living in Vietnam, the ten main policy measures adopted by the National Government that saved lives against the virus are: international travel control, public information campaigns, schools closures, public event cancellations, integration with mass media, restriction on internal movement, effective public-private collaboration, increase the medical and personal equipment capacity, public transport reduction and combat fake news. At the final, ten golden lessons are provided, from 340 policies, measures, programs, projects, innovative products/services identified, with the majority led by the Public Sector (73.5%), followed by Corporations (8.5%), Others (6.5%), Start ups (6.2%), and Universities (5.3%).
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound effect on both education and research activities. A survey conducted within the geotechnical engineering and earth science academic communities between April 22 and 24 explored the variables that affect working efficiency and intellectual development during the pandemic period. We received 274 complete responses from faculty and graduate students in North America, Europe, South Korea, and Saudi Arabia. The four variables that correlate best with individuals’ perceived consequences of the pandemic are: setting daily goals, focus on academic tasks, time spent reading literature outside core research or on professional development, and commitment to exploring deeper scientific concepts. Overall, 28% of the respondents exhibit a positive outlook. For the other 72%, living with non-family members or with children, hindered access to needed materials, and excessive time spent with video entertainment exacerbated the perception of potential negative consequences of the pandemic. Observed percentages and trends are very similar across age, gender, living conditions and regardless of regional/national restrictions. Two complementary surveys addressed faculty choices for online education and student preferences. These results document the effective transition from in-person to online education using readily available technology, and highlight students’ preferences for in-person education followed by live online platforms; pre-recorded lectures emerge as the least preferable choice.
In July 2020, a group of illustrators were contacted so we could hear if their views on remote work and professional collaboration had changed, in light of the covid-19 pandemic scenario. These illustrators participated in a previous research conducted with Brazilian newspaper illustrators between 2016-2018. The main research objective was to understand how illustrators were fitting in newspaper's routines and production, considering the multiplatform publishing trend led by the rise in mobile and digital readership. As it was observed then, illustrators were already used to working remotely. The investigation focused in assessing how these professionals viewed the pros and cons of face-to-face working way compared to working remotely. Also their views on the interaction with other fields’ professionals, in projects involving Illustration & Design were considered. Illustrators of Brazilian newspapers answered a query and an interview with open questions. Although the original research had not been motivated by a pandemic scene, we believe that by renewing the subject with new data collected in 2020, the study can contribute to the ongoing broader discussions over reorganizing workflows for remote work, especially those involving designers and projects with multidisciplinary teams. This paper aims at presenting and discussing qualitative data regarding these issues.
This paper discusses the issue of educational management in a challenging scenario: the closing of Brazilian schools due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Through an exploratory research, in a documentary character, the articulating role that educational management has been developing together with the families of students was evaluated, with the aim to guarantee their access to remote activities during this period, and their maintenance and organization by part of higher departments. Under the clipping of two official documents of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Deliberation No. 376 of the State Council of Education of the state and Resolution No. 5843 of the Secretary of State for Education, it was possible to identify a greater concern with access to content, either through technological mediation or printed material and with “supervision” of teachers and students, to the detriment of strengthening aspects relevant to democratic and participatory management. No references to management or direction were found in the documents under analysis, nor ways to consolidate the participation of all actors involved in the teaching-learning process. The absence of dialogicity with all parties led us to a traumatic and exhausting process for everyone involved. Therefore, the need to rethink the pedagogical practices involved in this pandemic period is discussed, based on the difficulties listed by students, families, teachers and managers, in order to consolidate the contribution of all, in a democratic way, even if there is no social interaction between those involved at the time.
This study included a discussion of the critical role VHVs played in the control, prevention, and monitoring of the Covid-19 pandemic in Thailand, as well as a review of related literature, with 11 of 59 topics chosen. The purpose of this study was to investigate and improve VHV competence in the control, prevention, and monitoring of the Covid-19 pandemic. The outcomes of the study indicated that VHVs were important in efficiently managing, preventing, and monitoring the Covid-19 pandemic from 2020 until the present. As a result, in addition to maximizing the potential of VHVs, it is important to be varied, knowledgeable, and up to date on current events. However, the most cost-effective utilization of resources is referred to as "Sufficiency Healthcare, High Benefit, Most Economical" when utilizing the concepts of sufficiency economics.
COVID-19 is a disease caused by a coronavirus, called SARS-CoV-2. This virus has become a major public health concern worldwide, causing a collective outbreak, leading to the pandemic in 2020. People become infected with other common coronaviruses throughout their lives, but currently the concern is the COVID-19 type due to its severity in some cases. The immune system protects the body against external aggressions and preserves the body's homeostasis, and nutrients are involved in the development and preservation of this system. Considering the degree of complications that can occur in an individual with COVID-19, regardless of their age group, and in some cases even lethal, there was an interest in researching studies about this disease, and which nutrients are mentioned in the literature regarding immunity in this disease. The aims of this research were to describe concepts about the disease COVID-19 and to identify nutrients involved in the immunity and treatment of this disease, through a literature review in the period from December 2019 to October 2020. There is no doubt that it is essential to maintain an adequate nutritional status, through a balanced diet that can contribute to a better coping with the infectious state. Supplementation of vitamins, minerals, probiotics and prebiotics can provide the immune system, several of them were cited as an adjunct to the treatment of COVID-19, including their doses, but there was a lack of agreement regarding the dose of nutrients. Obviously maintaining social distance, wearing masks and proper hygiene are essential to reduce the risk of contamination, while not having access to vaccination.
In times of pandemic, the social distance made the teaching practice suffer several adjustments to meet emerging demands, thus the aim of this study was to report the experience of the authors with problem-based learning as reinforcement to remote teaching in times of COVID-19 utilizing the moodle learning environment, as a way to implement changes in the discipline Interdisciplinary Project II of the Undergraduate Nursing course, which has always been offered in the face-to-face modality. The study was conducted from March to July 2021 with students enrolled in the course. The results of this study indicate that the use of problem-based learning resources during remote teaching can become an efficient resource for professional training.
Viral diseases continue to emerge and annually bring challenges to the Brazilian public health system, such as COVID-19 with easy respiratory infection. This study aims to analyze the importance of new technologies in the treatment of COVID-19 and, thus, promote the information of technological data in the Brazilian territory. Therefore, methodological techniques were used in systematic reviews in the selection of included studies to be used in the construction of this short and critical systematic review. And 08 articles were included for inclusion in this critical analysis.
Banking is one of the financial institutions that is very influential on the economic conditions of a country. The level of banking liquidity is a reflection of the condition of the national economy. This study examines the differences in the financial performance of conventional banking and Islamic financial performance before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The variables used to measure banking financial performance are risk profile, earnings, and capital.The data used are financial reports published by Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK). The analysis used is the Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). The results of the analysis found that there was no difference in the financial performance of Islamic banking on risk profile, earning, and capital indicators before and during the COVID-19 pandemic; there is no difference in the conventional financial performance of earning indicators before and during the Covid 19 pandemic; and there is no difference in the financial performance of conventional banking earning indicators during covid 19 and Islamic banking financial performance indicators of earning before covid 19. This analysis shows that the performance of Islamic finance is still able to deal with the impact of the COVID 19 pandemic in Indonesia.
The recent COVID-19 outbreak has caused confusion and uncertainty to many educational organizations worldwide, forcing school leaders to weave through many school priorities. As schools take on online teaching, teachers were compelled to sit on their chairs, interacting with students using the screens for more than four hours every day. This has resulted in a decrease in physical activity, affecting their health and quality of teaching. Unfortunately, the dichotomy is as teachers care for their students' physical and mental health, teachers' physical well-being is not a priority in most schools' culture during this pandemic. This paper aims to address this gap in teacher's lack of Physical Activity, which is necessary to help stabilize the school culture during this pandemic. It will highlight school leaders' critical role in promoting physical well-being as part of the school culture. Moreover, it will discuss the benefits of teachers staying active, and it will also present possible ways to foster a culture geared toward teachers' involvement in physical activities.
This study aimed to investigate the impacts of social distancing on the occurrence of symptoms of anxiety and depression reported in scientific production available in 2020, describing and analyzing the main triggering factors of mental health problems/diseases in the period of social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic. The method used was an integrative literature review, with searches in Lilacs, SciELO, Medline, and PubMed databases. The following descriptors were used for the selection of publications: Social Distancing, Anxiety, and Depression, used in combination in the search strategy. To refine the search, filters were used: full text; Language Portuguese, English, and Spanish; Main subject; Type of document, with an article as the only type of literature accepted; Year of Publication 2020. This research identified 37 studies later categorized into five main themes: Physical Inactivity, Reduction of social contact and face-to-face interactions, Financial concerns and economic vulnerability, Loneliness, and Alcohol Consumption. The major impacts of social distancing on mental health were the drastic change in routine, favoring sedentary behavior, and limitation in interpersonal contact indicated in many studies as a generator of a high prevalence of harmful psychological effects, especially depression, anxiety, irritability, and irritability episodes of insomnia. The perception of loneliness as a consequence of the period of social distancing was also identified by most studies as associated with anxious and depressive outcomes and with an increased risk of suicidal ideation, as well as the increased use of alcohol, widely used as an escape from reality in the current context of economic resection, unemployment, indebtedness, and death of family and friends by COVID-19.
Objective: identify and analyse the evidences about the use of hydroxychloroquine with or without azithromycin in covid-19. Methods: This is a systematic review with meta-analysis using posted articles in December 2019 until May 2020. The research was formulated by a question structured using PICO strategy, in these data bases: BVS, PUBMED, MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF e SCIELO. Results and discussion: Resulted in 9 articles founded by the PRISMA, approaching 4182 patients. PICO strategy selected and analysed 5 articles projected in Forest plots. Resulting in tree clinical trials (RR: 1.15; IC95%, 0.76 a 1.73), which did not found big differences in the outcome in the groups of patients who used HCQ with or without AZT, comparing with the control group. Two studies analysed the number of deaths/intubations in comparative group, experimental group and control (RR:1.86; IC: 95%, 1.54 a 2.26) resulting in more chance of death /intubation in patients who used HCQ. Conclusion: It was found that is not possible to prove the efficacy of these drugs, due to the limited number of randomized and controlled clinical trials. Therefore, the encourage of scientific production about the HCQ and AZT against Covid-19 is more than necessary.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID-19 is a viral disease transmitted from person to person, which has the fastest spread in the world. OBJECTIVE: This project aimed to analyze epidemiological aspects of COVID-19 in the municipality of Gurupi/TO. METHODOLOGY: The research was conducted by consulting the epidemiological bulletin of COVID-19 made available daily by VISAE, from March 16, 2020, to May 15, 2021, where we identified the evolution of positive cases, deaths, and gender identification of this population, and analysis of literature review on the subject. RESULTS: Of the 10,336 positive cases, 5,570 (53.89%) of the cases are female, 194 (7.13%) evolved to deaths, of these 70 (36.08%) were female and 124 (63.92%) were male. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: From the results, it is visible the reduction in the numbers of positive cases for COVID-19 from April 2021, which can be taken into consideration the measures adopted through the Municipal Decrees, and in part to the beginning of the immunization process. Thus, the continuity of prophylaxis measures is essential for the control of the high chain of transmission in the municipality.
Viruses will continue to emerge and bring challenges to the global public health system with emerging viruses through respiratory contagion that cause pandemics. This study aims to propose a way to use constant monitoring during the period of treatment of the patient with COVID-19 and, thus, reduce the negative indicators of death in the Brazilian territory. Methodological techniques were used in meta-analysis and systematic reviews in the selection of included studies when used in the construction of this systematic review. 05 articles were selected for inclusion in this critical analysis.
Introduction: Sickle cell anemia due to recent scientific evidence suggests that individuals with disease are considered a risk group and SARS-CoV-2 and spreads rapidly in this group of patients with diseases due to lack of inherited immunity, has a high lethality rate among young people and children and patients with associated comorbidities such as Diabetes Mellitus. Objective: to analyze the profile of patients with sickle cell anemia and their immunological motivations for worsening in positive cases of COVID-19 from a systematic review. Results: Initially, 217 articles were identified, of which 213 were removed because they were not related to the theme of the review, or because they were duplicated or did not have the abstract. The 04 selected articles were classified into two thematic axes to be performed the analysis. Discussion: This systematic review study is the first with sickle cell anemia and COVID-19 in the adolescent population with a limited resource configuration that shows the inherent need in the management of both diseases. However, in this systematic review, the four included studies showed a favorable evolution of the infectious process by COVID-19, and deaths occurred in adolescent patients who concomitantly had multiple comorbidities, for example, DM. Conclusion: It was found in this systematic review study that COVID-19 infection may accentuate the presence of vasculopathy in patients with sickle cell anemia and may increase pain to varying degrees.
The Coronavirus Pandemic has brought about vast changes in the lives of people, from daily routines to social interactions. These abrupt changes hugely affected the education system, bringing about initiatives such as online classrooms and asynchronous activities. This scenario is tough for everyone, but it is more challenging to people with special needs and disabilities, particularly those who have Autism Spectrum Disorder and their families. Some mitigating factors that the government has imposed to curb the spread of the virus include social distancing and health protocols, contributing to the struggles faced by the children and their families. With the use of technology, E- Learning has been made possible. Schools help lighten up the load by creating learning management system which acts as a replacement of traditional learning. Aside from children with disabilities, their parents or guardians should also be taught how to use the e-learning platforms for them to be effective partners of the teachers in guiding and nurturing these students. Through the literature review, this paper seeks to analyze the role of the school and the educators in promoting and fostering a culture of inclusivity for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder during the COVID-19 Pandemic outbreak, and to analyze how the Universal Design for Learning success model as an intervention that can support learners with special needs. The paper gives future directions for educators and researchers. Keywords: E-learning, Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Inclusion during COVID-19
The new pneumonia caused by coronavirus 2 of severe acute respiratory syndrome (COVID-19) has the potential to develop biopsychosocial instability in the population and is responsible for much of the increase in mental disorders that occur after the beginning of the pandemic, especially among health professionals working on the front line. Physical exhaustion and mental distress leads them to search alternative therapies for harm reduction, such as therapeutic communication therapies, active listening, meditation, mindfulness and yoga. Such actions can decrease stress and have potential harm reduction in relation to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder. In addition, religiosity and/or spirituality reduced the psychological suffering of health workers, not only in moments of pandemic, but in the daily work routines.
COVID-19, uma doença causada pelo coronavírus foi identificada pela primeira vez na China em dezembro de 2019. No final de janeiro, a Organização Mundial de Saúde declarou a epidemia como uma Emergência de Saúde Pública de Importância Internacional e em 11 de março de 2020, uma pandemia . A pandemia global gerada pela COVID-19 e as consequentes medidas de confinamento populacional obrigatórias implicam em eventos imprevistos e desafios para os sistemas educacionais. O objetivo do artigo é refletir sobre o tema sob a ótica da sustentabilidade. Assim, quais são e devem ser as funções da escola, na perspectiva da sustentabilidade, no contexto da atual pandemia do COVID-19; bem como em supostas ondas futuras de doenças emergentes e reemergentes? Busca discutir a importância e os desafios para a inserção de propostas de Educação para a Sustentabilidade no ambiente escolar. Essas questões estão no centro dos debates sobre Educação Sustentável, por isso o artigo busca refletir sobre o tema a partir de uma abordagem educacional e sustentável. Para tanto, não é necessário fazer uma breve revisão das funções dos sistemas educacionais apontadas pela sustentabilidade na Educação, bem como suas repercussões e significados em termos de desenvolvimento ambiental, social e de saúde (pessoal ou coletivo). A pesquisa foi realizada por meio de revisão bibliográfica e discussão teórica; de natureza exploratória e descritiva, de natureza qualitativa. Os resultados corroboram que a pandemia, ao causar um grave problema de saúde global, estendendo-se também a uma crise econômica global, levou o planeta a uma grande recessão que ameaça diretamente o cumprimento dos objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável. Assim, cabe à Educação, seja a distância neste contexto de distância / isolamento social, ou mesmo depois desta situação em sala de aula, incluir uma agenda de conteúdos transversais sobre sustentabilidade nos currículos de todos os sistemas, modalidades e educativos. esferas no Brasil.
Since the emergence of the pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus (coronavirus disease or COVID-19), the generalities since its emergence, from the clinical picture, as well as the findings observed in AI (Artificial Intelligence) diagnostic methods applied to medicine personalized. This article is a literature review regarding the use of personalized medicine combined with artificial intelligence to monitor people with covid-19. The continuous evolution of intelligent systems aims to provide better reasoning and more efficient use of collected data. This use is not restricted to retrospective interpretation, that is, to provide diagnostic conclusions. It can also be extended to prospective interpretation, providing an early prognosis. That said, physicians who could be assisted by these systems find themselves in the gap between the clinical case and in-depth technical analyses. What is missing is a clear starting point for approaching the world of machine learning in medicine.
Objective: to report nurses experiences at reference hospital in the care of patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in the state of Sergipe, Brazil. Method: descriptive study, of the experience report type, about nurses' experience in assisting patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in the hospital environment. Results: The nurses' experiences were structured into three categories: Structural and organizational changes in the hospital service; Nurse's work routine on the front line in the respiratory area; Main difficulties for nurses in caring for patients in the respiratory area and experienced opportunities. The positive aspects identified were participation in training and support for newly hired professionals. Conclusion: the COVID-19 pandemic changed economic, political, social and health care behavior. In addition, changes in the hospital environment demanded a reorientation of workflows, impacting nurses' mental health and suffering.
Since the abrupt change in learning mode last March 2020, schools’ administrators have been looking for ways to somehow alleviate the stress and anxiety the children have to face using the online study mode. One of the things the school management tries to address is the development of Social-Emotional Skills in children amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper seeks to analyze and bridge the gap on the roles of the schools in nurturing the Socio-Emotional Development of Children during the outbreak of the disease. Using Literature Review Method, this study is going to highlight key roles of the school leaders and educators in their tasks to help children strengthen their coping mechanism. It shall also discuss the importance of nourishing the socio-emotional skills of the children now that schools are adopting the Distance Learning. Moreover, it will present possible strategies to foster a school culture geared toward the safety and improvement of the child’s socio-emotional skills.
Mozambique, like several other countries in the region and all over the world, faces the dilemma of the need to guarantee the minimum learning conditions for students during the state of emergency due to COVID-19. It is in this sense, which the present study aimed to analyze the perceptions of students of the Pedagogical University of Maputo (UP-Maputo) in the use of electronic platforms as a resource to support classroom teaching during the State of Emergency. The research had a quanti-qualitative character, where the analysis and control of the different variables was foreseen. It consisted of collecting information on the objectives of operationalizing the teaching and learning process in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, through the application of an electronically administered questionnaire. A sample of 1787 students was obtained, corresponding to 13.61% of the universe of students enrolled in the year 2020. The survey showed that most of the students, around 64% used some electronic platform to support their teaching and on-site learning process, after the declaration of a state of emergency the percentage of users of electronic platforms increased to 100%, highlighting the use of WhatsApp to the detriment of the others (SIGIUP, MOODLE® Institutional, Google Classroom and ZOOM®). The device they use, because 95% of the students access the platforms using their mobile phones, justifies the massive use of WhatsApp. Regarding the use of different electronic platforms, most of the students revealed a platform usage that varies from “Many Times” and “Always”. Students refer to the need for training in the use of the different platforms made available to them to support their teaching and learning process. The research made it possible to conclude that students are aware of the need to appropriate the new form of teaching they are subject to, despite having significant financial difficulties in the acquisition of internet packages and in the use of some of the electronic platforms made available for learning.
Technology-enhanced learning and teaching methods have been in literature and for many years now. Many educational institutes all over the world have been using these methods to deliver their programs and degrees. Nevertheless, some institutes are not very keen on using technology in some disciplines, and deliver their programs in a traditional way for a number of reasons, especially if these have been successful and well-attended (i.e. popular) by students. In the current era, where COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted every corner of our life including higher education, technology has become a critical success factor to reduce the negative impact of this pandemic. Accordingly, it is now no longer an option to opt out from using technology in learning and teaching. This doesn’t just refer to providing (dumping) contents to students digitally, but to facilitate learning and deliver engaging and highly interactive experience to compensate for lack of face-to-face interaction between the students and their teachers and also amongst the students themselves. The use of technology in education due to COVID-19 pandemic, however, has confronted by a number of challenges. In some cases, the focus was shifted to the contents (documents, videos…etc.) rather than interactivity and student engagement. Furthermore, the students were highly overwhelmed with contents in a short period of time, which has caused anxiety, dissatisfaction and performance issues. In this paper, examples of teaching methods based on the use of technology that are employed during the lockdown period are provided. Moreover, a number of subsequent challenges due to current situation are discussed, and recommendations for implementation and best practice are shared. Also a proposal for a flipped delivery model to move forward is provided and discussed. Anecdotal student feedback has shown that the used methods and techniques were really helpful and have boosted student learning and enthusiasm in this difficult time.
This article describes the lessons learned by our university during the global healthcare crisis of COVID-19. It highlights the agile solutions employed to continue learning under extraordinary circumstances. While we have captured the stories that allowed our students to power through this tumultuous period if they so desired, these lessons may also provide guidance to other higher education institutions not only for the current turbulent times, but also enhance their ability to pause and pivot by utilizing agile management to weather this and future storms.
COVID-19 is an acute viral infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. This pandemic disease stands out for the marked variation in the clinical characteristics of patients, ranging from asymptomatic cases to severe organ dysfunction and death. Serious complications occur in the late phase of the disease or even after viral infection, and thrombotic events are one of these complications. In this context, this study aimed to report a case of an obese, young adult female patient with a complication of pulmonary thromboembolism after infection by COVID-19.
A new coronavirus appears in China in December 2019, subsequently threatening the world, it was identified as Covid-19. Its main symptomatic characteristic is directly linked to acute respiratory failure, however there are asymptomatic cases of the disease, mainly in the group not considered at risk. For the treatment of the disease a variety ofantiviral drugs have been tested, with conflicting results. The use of computer-assisted drugs is essential for the development of new therapeutic alternatives for various diseases, once they reduce the time consumed in the initial screening tests, in addition to determining the possible mechanisms of action and reducing toxicity. In our study, we evaluated the interaction of viral components of the coronavirus with potassium usnate, salt derived from lichenic origin and with proven antimicrobial and antitumor activities. Derived from ussic acid, potassium usnate showed low energy for complex formation, this interaction occurs between the usnate salt and the structures of proteinase 3CLpro and enzyme Mpro, all key parts of Covid-19. In addition, in order to prove in silico the use of potassium usnate, they were tested and compared with other approved drugs and candidates for clinical trials to combat the new coronavirus.
This scientific article aims to present information on the cases of comorbidity that most aggravate the symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 (Covid 19) with data extracted from the database of the official website of the Ministry of Health, which defined a system to monitor the information detected in the diagnoses of each patient. Since the beginning of the pandemic, the city of Manaus has suffered great consequences in relation to the SARS-CoV-2 virus (Covid-19). predicting patients at higher risk of death. We describe the origin and spread of the virus and the use of the SGBD software MySql and MySql Workbench to improve data in the selection and pre-processing, with the resources of the weka tool for knowledge learning, ending with the objective achieved in the classification of comorbidities that further aggravate the clinical conditions.
Objectives: The authors analyzed the weaknesses and areas of opportunities with the online teaching imposed by the COVID19 lockdown, and the new measures adopted to control the online examinations for medical students. Method: In addition to personalized question sets we had location mapping and Open Broadcaster Software (OBS) for monitoring students during the exams as well as disabling the back-button during examination. Results: The academic year was successfully completed on time. There was no change in the exams format or scope, yet the results were similar in terms of grade distribution, average and standard deviation as well as the validity and reliability scores. The students’ perception of online teaching was evaluated through a survey. It revealed the importance and added value of online teaching but also exposed the gaps related to lecturers’ preparedness and need for training. Conclusion: The online experience was a valuable lesson for us, as we discovered not only the weaknesses or areas to improve, but also new ways and opportunities that can be explored to enhance the learning experience. Our plan is to introduce online teaching gradually to all modules and align it with students’ readiness through direct implications of students; however, every center should develop its own long-term plan to address its own problems and weaknesses.
Brazilian Federal universities were directly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, requiring educational changes and new teaching policies. The role of universities in society go far beyond the classroom, and with the changes caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, this role has intensified with social policies and actions developed thinking about the welfare of the community in which it is inserted. The objective of this study was to carry out a survey using a systematic literature review to identify the educational scenarios of public higher education in Brazil designed by the COVID-19 pandemic. The Methodi Ordinatio was used which ranked the main studies. The search was conducted in four bibliographic databases: Science Direct, Web of Science, Scopus, and Emerald. With the application of the systematic literature review, it was possible to find out that Brazilian federal universities played a key role, with actions in the community to which they belong, namely: activities carried out to clarify the community about the SARS-CoV-2 virus, information about prophylactic care, community care services, food distribution, diagnostics, development of applications and portals, research activities carried out by teachers for the development of vaccines, production, and manufacture of materials and equipment such as alcohol gel, personal protective equipment, cleaning materials and maintenance of hospital equipment, reinforcing the important role played by universities.
This article aims to understand the enunciative flows and frictions of the Catholic Church on youth education. It uses the qualitative approach and its research materials are some bibliographic and documentary references, with special emphasis on the encyclical Divini Illius Magistri, promulgated by Pius XI, on December 31, 1929. It uses the description and analysis of utterances as theoretical-methodological contributions. It considers that youth education has become the agenda of dispute between the Catholic Church, the family and civil society. According to Pius XI, there was a hierarchy between such institutions that could not be challenged. The father and mother, as Christian devotees, used to be considered the first educators and should be attentive to their functional roles at home. Without the execution of these prescriptions, youth education could be weakened or even succumbed in "modern times".
Agriculture is fundamental to the growth and development of any Nation. In most developing economies, agriculture constitutes a major economic activity of the people either as producer, seller or marketer. Agriculture serves as the main foreign exchange earnings and major source of revenue for the government. It is against this background that this study investigates Agricultural policies and rural development in South Western Nigeria, 1945-1960. It examines the governmental Agricultural Policies adopted in the colonial period geared towards achieving increased agricultural production and the various strategies employed by the Regional government towards achieving the set goals. The paper went further to assess the extent to which the objectives were achieved, and what factors impeded the attainment of set goals. The paper adopts historical and descriptive method in analysing issues raised. The paper conclusively observed that the greater emphasis placed on the production of cash crops at the expense of food crops largely contributed to the food insecurity that is now prevalent in Nigeria. The paper made some recommendations on how Agricultural production could be improved upon and be made to contribute meaningfully to the growth and development of Nigerian economy.