Indian Journal of Scientific Research

Published by Indian Journal of Scientific Research
Online ISSN: 2250-0138
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Article
The COVID-19 pandemic is first and foremost a health crisis. The petrifying and severe impact of COVID-19 has shaken the world to its core.The COVID-19 pandemic has affected educational systems worldwide, leading to the near total closures of schools, colleges and universities. Most governments around the world have temporarily closed educational institutions in an attempt to contain the spread of COVID-19. The closure of educational institutes impact not only students, teachers and families but have far-reaching economic and societal consequences. The closure of educational institutes in response to the pandemic have shed light on various social and economic issues, including student debt, digital learning, food insecurity, and homelessness as well as access to childcare, health care, housing, internet and disability services. The impact was more severe for disadvantaged children and their families causing interrupted learning, compromised nutrition, childcare problems and consequent economic cost to families who could not work. The global lockdown of education institutions is going to cause major (and likely unequal) interruption in students’ learning, disruptions in internal assessments, and the cancellation of public assessments for qualifications or their replacement by an inferior alternative.
 
Map showing the locations of the ethnozoological research area.
Bar graph showing the species parts and products used by tribes of Rajasthan as antifertility and abortifacient agents.
Endangered species of threatened animals concern conservation (according to IUCN report) that were used for Ethnomedicinal purposes by the tribal inha
Endangered species of threatened animals concern conservation (according to IUCN report) that were bitants of Rajasthan.
The list of the Ethnomedicinal animals used by the aboriginals of Rajasthani tribes in contraception and abortion.
Article
Animals and plants have been employed as medicines in human civilization for millennia. Rajasthan is one of India's fauna and flora biodiversity hotspots. Rajasthan tribes account for roughly 13.48% of the population. Five districts viz. Banswara, Dungarpur, Jaipur, Swami, and Madhopur contribute 2/3 of Rajasthan state tribal population. Most tribal communities now prefer smaller families than in the past. Present study is intended to investigate the zootherapy used by tribes of Rajasthan for keeping space there in children and smaller families. This study was carried out from 2017 to 2018. The medico-ethnozoological records acquired in this research are acquired through personal communication and interview of various tribes of Rajasthan. In order to cumulate the details of indigenous knowledge and experiences we also interviewed Probation Officers, Block Panchayat and Tribal Communities of Rajasthan in regard to their site, population and social stratum. These data were gathered for the local name of animals, parts of animals used and the mode of administration that was deemed valuable. A total of 17 animal species used in an abortifacient and antifertility treatment. It has been found out that animals used by these tribes consist of 9 mammals, 4 aves, 2 reptiles, 1 insect, and 1 bivalvia. The consequences of this research reveal a handful of peculiar and useful information about the therapeutic utilisation of different bodily organs of various animals for preventing pregnancy which are safe, effective, and convenient with no side effects. Need for scientific evaluation and scrutiny has been emphasized.
 
Top-cited authors
Rachana Choudhary
  • Shri Shankaracharya Group of Institutions
Hamed Sheikhbahaee
  • Materials and Energy Research Institute
Sagarika Chakraborty
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology
Sachdeep Kour