Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Drustva

Published by National Library of Serbia
Print ISSN: 0350-3593
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The aim of this research was to determine long-term trend of discharge, over its different parameters. Hydrological station Oršava is selected not just because of series’ length but also reliabilities of observation. By analyzing data, we exclude possible local and regional anthropogenic influences on discharge. Trend analyzes of all parameters of the Danube discharge near Oršava hydrological station in the period of 160 years show increase of discharge and decrease of extremeness.
 
The profiles directions of north-south and west-east on examples correlation coefficients  
In this paper we have analyzed the correlation between the atmospheric circulation and annual precipitation in Serbia for period 1949-2004. The data for frequency Hess-Brezowsky circulation forms and types were used as indicators of atmospheric circulation. Statistically significant coefficient of a negative sign is obtained for zonal and half-meridional form and a positive sign for meridional form. The strength of correlation is not uniform in the space. According to the multiple linear regression the contribution of atmospheric circulation in the variability annual precipitation of Serbia is 69%. Also, we analyzed the connection between the atmospheric circulation and the mean annual cloudiness. Comparing the results for this two climate elements we have concluded that they show different time-space development for same macrosynoptic conditions. Also, we can speak about the regional aspects of these processes. .
 
The aim of this article is to present the effects of industrial restructuring, which are reflected in structural and territorial changes in the number of employees in Serbia, for one of the most difficult and the most catastrophic periods in its recent history - 1990-2005. This kind of research is of particular importance because it indirectly reveals fundamental processes and key issues of the policy of industrial restructuring and the policy of regional development in Serbia.
 
The review on greatest floods recorded in Vojvodina and central Serbia within the period from 1999 to 2009 is given in this paper. For 13 hydrological stations, that recorded the greatest floods for the present period, probability of occurrence of these floods has been accomplished. Based on analysis of time series of discharge and water level maximum, performed by applying probability theory and mathematical statistics, and calculated theoretical probability distribution function of floods, probability of occurrence of flood has been obtained. Most often the best agreement with the empirical distribution function had a Log-Pearson III, Pearson III distribution. These results can be used for dimensioning of hydro-technical objects for flood protection. The most significant causes for floods recorded in this period were melting of snow and intensive rainfall. In this paper the current situation of flood protection and future development of flood protection measures were also presented. .
 
Under non-adequate conditions of social relation to rural area after Second world war, modern development of rural settlements of Serbia has a lot of rural problems. A certain number of rural settlements, after negative general development at the end of XX and in the beginning of XXI century have been in demographical mean disappeared. With this paper, in the example of Koritnjak, is showed the genesis and evolution of settlement which is abandoned in the beginning of 2002, after continuous decrease of total population and non-positive demographical and total development.
 
The ethnic structure in Serbia presents complex process of demographic development different ethnic communities. In spite of trends in different natural increase of different ethnic communities, whose continuity determinate unevenly demographic development in Serbia, the influence of migrations as a result of bad economical, political and civil war situation was very important factors in creating contents of recent ethnic map. According to final results of Census in 2002, there are 7 498 001 people in Serbia (82.86% are Serbs). In Serbia exists 28 different ethnic communities yet (14.7% in total population). The largest national community are Hungarians, whose mostly lives in Vojvodina province, then following Bosnians, Gypsies, Yugoslavs, Croats and others come after.
 
According to other parts of the world extreme climatic phenomenon have passed beside Serbia. However, some of them appeared in our country. Beside extreme climatic phenomenon, extreme climatic seasons have great significance for geographic environment. During the 2007 July was has had high temperatures long lasted. The absolute maximal temperature has been achieved in Serbia. In Smederevska Palanka was registered 44.9°C. Those events deserves great scientific attention. in this paper we have considered in detailed those temperature conditions as unsuitable climatic phenomenon, especially in relation to range of extremity of temperature in Serbia.
 
The spinning movements of air masses represent extremely rare phenomenon in the area of Serbia. Even though mini tornados1) are characterized by much weaker cyclonic movements of air masses than tornados for example, their destructive power can cause considerable damage and represent the significant factor of risk for casualties. Modern scientific researches are characterised by the impossibility of making the precise prognostic models on the basis of which it would be possible to predict when and where not only the mini tornados are going to appear, but also the more intensive phenomena such as tropical depressions, storms, hurricanes, etc. Considering that in the last years there were many papers published with the evidences on the link between the processes on the Sun and atmospheric disturbances, the arguments by which it could be pointed to such feedback were presented in this paper. The potential causality was examined on the basis of the analysis of astrophysical parameters. By the use of Mann-Whitney U test on daily data for the period from 2004 to 2007, it turned out that there was a significant link between some variables, i.e. indexes of the solar activity and disturbances in the atmosphere. Moreover, the calculations used by Wilcoxon test spoke in favour of the obtained results.
 
According to data of IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel for Climatic Change), the global surface air temperature increased to 0,6 ± 0,2 °C in the 20th century. Weber G. R., (1995) quotes that there is a trend of cold in the last 60 years in the middle latitudes including Europe, too. Starting from already mentioned perplexities we have tried to perceive the problem of climate variability in Serbia in the second half of the 20th century, when it came to very important increasing of concentration of CO2. With that aim we observed the decade values of average annual temperatures in the network of 20 climatic stations. In the period 1951 - 1990 a decrease of temperature was registered in 13 stations while in other stations an increase was less than 0,1 °C. Explorers from Bulgaria (Alexandrov V., 2000) and Hungary (Domonkos P., Zoboki J., 2000) came to similar results, too. However, if we take in account the last decade 20th century the number of stations with positive changes is enlarged on 15. Stations that have small changes and those with decrease of temperature were localized in the south and south eastern part of the country, and they are mainly coincided with before separated climatic regions with maritime pluviometric regime (Radovanović M., 2001). Using Dzerdzevskis B. L., (1975) division on three main types of circulation in the north hemisphere, we found that the increase of temperatures in the last decade 20th century is above all caused by change of dominant type of circulation from the south meridian to zonal. An analysis of seasonal changes showed that in the last five decades 20th century it came to decrease of winter temperatures in almost half of the stations in contrast with results of paleoclimatics models of possible greenhouse effect.
 
The analysis of the age structure of population of Goc Mountain and its foothill is elaborated in the paper. Data in the paper refer to the second half of 20th century and to the beginning of the 21st century. There are many tasks of the paper. The first task is to represent and to compare the parameters of age structure of Goc and his foothill. The task of this paper is to present the parameters of the age structure of Goc Mountain and its foothill. Then, comparing them to identify and interpret trends in their movements. The paper shows the spatial distribution of the index of aging by cadastral municipalities. Factors that have influenced it are highlighted. Special attention is given to problems, which appear as a consequence of aging of population. Paper will contribute to enriching the knowledge about population and settlements of the Goc Mountain and the West Morava valley. .
 
Use of free time. O –Personal development; R - Recreation; A - Other Activities (Source: Martin, Mason, 1987). 
Tourist space model (Source; Miossec, 1976). 
Types of tourist movements (Source: Pearce, 1987). 
Urban tourism at the beginning of the 21st century has become a significant factor in the development of cities. Its theoretical foundation is based on spatial models that have developed over the last 50 years. Today gravitational spatial models of destination are formed. The urban structure of a city has become an important motivator of urban travel system. Its structure is adapted to travel trends, while on the other hand, travel trends have a feedback on urban development. This process affects architectural and spatial-functional activities, including social change. It can easily lead to the growth of a city in a tourist city. .
 
Adequate uses of indicators of transport accessibility, as quantitative measures, allow us to move spatial interactions analysis from theoretical to practical level. Aggregate indicators of transport accessibility of places dominate in the research studies, although the indicators of individual accessibility are taking considerable place in the last few decades. The most types of indicators of transport accessibility of places are presented in this article, as well as their characteristics, possibilities for application, advantages and weaknesses.
 
Srem, as traditional farming, orchard and wine-growing region, faces the problem of shortage of water needed for agriculture. During the seventies of the last century brook valleys in the southern part of Fruska Gora loess plateau were intended to be dammed. Thus, artificial lakes could have been formed. It took long period of time to put these projects into practice and numerous projects have not started yet. After the dams had been built and lakes filled with water, planners faced hydro-geological problems at many locations. Nevertheless, these accumulations fulfill their primary function, i.e. they ensure water for irrigation and protect agricultural land from floods. There is a hydroaccumulation system, Calma lakes, near the village of Calma. Its primary function was to ensure water supplies for agriculture, but eventually it got new significance which can be noticed in fish raising and sport fishing development.
 
This paper aim is to determine accuracy of digital terrain model (DTM) formed upon Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) data, for the region of the Republic of Serbia. Main characteristics of SRTM will be introduced, along with short description of determining DTM based on SRTM data and accuracy of such derived digital terrain model. .
 
The overview of the contemporary data acquisition methods for Digital Terrain Models (DTM), as well as the accuracy of data provided by these methods, are given in this article. The procedure of the accuracy estimation for DTM which is produced by digitizing of topographic maps and test points obtained by GPS technology and aerophotogrammetric terrain surveying, is presented.
 
There are 50 permanently inhabited farms in the area of the municipality of Bečej, with a certain number of accommodating units at their disposal that could be included into tourist program. This paper presents the results collected in the market research about the understanding of salashes and 'salash' tourism in Vojvodina, about the knowledge of salash in the municipality of Bečej, as well as the interest of potential tourists in visiting and staying at these salashes. The main goal of this research was to establish the steps that would contribute to activating Bečej's salashes for tourism purposes, and to determine the context of accompanying programs that would be interesting to potential tourists and attractive when they choose a farm as a place to relax. .
 
An overview of the activities overtaken during risk of flooding situations, in one of the more often flooding region - the watershed of Varbitsa river (Southeastern part of Bulgaria) - has been performed. The main cognitive parameters for risk perception and risk definition, depending on regional, social and historical factors have been examined. The existing information and instructions for mass media communication in relation to the process of interaction in a disaster situation have been discussed. In connection to determination of the risky segments in the basin and plans for announcement, the prevention communication measures have been outlined. On the basis of the Bulgarian normative legislation, the activities concerning organization of communications in a risk-of-disaster situation and mutual aid between authorities, which are part of the Integrated Help System have been indicated. It has been accented on the necessity of a more effective realization of the action plans during natural disasters and especially flooding, in order to improve the partnership between authorities and participants in the communication process during risk-of-flooding situations.
 
The aim of this paper was to determine relation between population and country in the meaning of Sweden scientist Rudolf Kjellén. In the introduction population as an agent of power was determined. It is presented that it's necessary to use modern approach in a science of the country. The analysis of the case at Kjellén's biologistics conception at the country has been determined, too. Two sub-systems in relation to population agent at the country have been analyzed: demo-politics and socio-politics. It has been referred on actuality at Kjellén's ideas as well as on certain deficiencies at his ideas. Conclusion at this paper has been dedicated to wide influences at Kjellén's ideas.
 
Climatology is traditionally connected to different conditions of the atmosphere. However, many occurrences appear from time to time. Those occurrences are defined as extreme. Nowadays it is important to study extreme occurrences for every geographical area. In this paper we have investigated one segment of extreme climatic conditions in Eastern part of Serbia - adverse characteristics of precipitation. Data for Negotin were analyzed, as a representative of the climate in this area. Extreme values of precipitation in one place were taken as dangerous occurrences. We have calculated thresholds above which we consider daily amount of precipitation as dangerous. Thresholds for dangerous lengths of rainy and droughty periods were calculated, too.
 
In this paper, basic characteristics of demographic and economic changes in the area of Belgrade agglomeration in the second half of 20th century has been researched, and a global trend of their establishments and motions has been indicated. Changes of territorial arrangement, spatial distribution and structural features of population, within the agglomeration itself, were in close interaction with directions of development and expansion of urban region. Belgrade agglomeration development follows several stages in its physiognomic-spatial, economic and demographic growth, whereby the migrations, as in cases of all large urban systems, had special influence on growth and structural features of population. In this paper, modern development processes and their effects on demographic growth have been emphasized. .
 
In this article is analyzed the importance of urban agglomerations in the regional organization of Serbian space at one side, and on the other side they are taken as carriers of the future integration of the Serbian urban system into the urban of the South-Eastern Europe (SEE). In the regional configuration of Serbia, more different forms of territorial impacts of urbanization, urban areas and urban regions. High level of urban centralization is formed under the influence of the population density and functions of the metropolitan area of Belgrade. The problems of unbalanced disposition of population growth and qualitative transformation of urban centers are stressed and analyzed. Based on the role in integration process in the SEE, the metropolitan region of Belgrade is pointed out as its principal carrier and the metropolitan region of Niš as its secondary carrier, as well as the urban centers of importance for the cross-border regional cooperation. As the most suitable instrument of internal regional integration the model of Functional Urban Regions (FURs) or Functional Urban Areas (FUAs) is proposed, and for external regional integration is proposed the model of Metropolitan European Growth Areas (MEGAs). The coherent short-term and long-term development strategies for Serbian towns and their regions seem absent.
 
The territory of Belgrade city after the Second World War, has been characterized by the intensive processes of qualitative transformation concerning settling and arrangement of population, territorial organization of production and other activities. The facts that mostly influenced these processes are migrations, caused by economic movements and development. There has been a sudden transfer of agricultural population into non-agricultural activities. Participation of agricultural population in total population of Belgrade city has decreased from 29,7% in 1953 to 12,6% in 1971, and to 2,2% in 2002. Participation of active agricultural population in total active population in Belgrade city has decreased from 34,5% in 1953 to 16,3% in 1971, and to 4,1% in 2002. The decrease of the total and active agricultural population is the result of the weakened influence of demographic factors (changes in number and structure of the total and active population), as well as the greater influence of socio-economic factors. The basic tendencies of the future demographic development of agricultural population are influenced by the possibilities of its revitalization, because demographic reserves to from new working powers in agriculture are endangered.
 
In this work are analyzed changes of total number of population and agricultural population in community Boljevac, using statistical data of registers from 1948 to 2002. In tabulars are references of registers from 1961 to 2002. The changes in total number of population are represented with absolute amounts, index of growth (degradation), number and dimension of settlements according to number of population, hypsometric disposition of settlements and population in community Boljevac. The changes in number of agricultural population are analyzed with participation of agricultural population and total number of population and relation between agricultural population and active agricultural population. It is noticabled negative demographic trends, qualified with decrease of natural accession and emigrations. Depopulation, by the register 2002, characterizes all the settlements in community Boljevac. Importance which community centre had decrease, qualifying negative results and impossibility of population restitution.
 
Geographical information systems are in use in business application for a long time, but their usage in agriculture is well known, too. This article shows the main structure of geographical information systems for decision support (spatial decision support systems) as advanced GIS technologies made for solving complex, semistructured or nonstructured problems and their application in the agriculture sector. GIS-based technologies has been reviewed through several examples of their use in agriculture and special respect has been given to the precision farming concept, giving short insight into SSToolbox software (SST). The last part of the article is dedicate to the possible usage of GIS-based technologies in the Serbian agriculture.
 
In the contemporary world, environmental protection and improvement priority a global society, together with efforts to achieve lasting world peace, economic growth, social justice and democracy. Economic development based on the irresponsible use of natural resources has been caused by a number of consequences. No dilemma that a strong economy and healthy environment and correspond to each condition.
 
This work considers important natural conditions of distribution of agricultural production, cattle breeding in particular, and also potentials for tourism development on Mokra mountain. Half-nomadic cattle breeding in mountain settlements was highly developed in recent past. It represented the main source of existence for local highlanders. Today it is neglected and in phase of dying out. The mountain disposes with excellent natural potentials for ecological and mountain tourism, but these potentials are unused.
 
On the basis of spatial differentiation of the natural and socio-economic factors of development, we have seen the structural characteristics of the local industry and local agriculture, as two elements of the economy of Kladovo municipality, and the importance and role of these two elements in the spatial structure of the municipality. Particular attention was devoted in the course of this research, to the possibilities of intensifying the development of the less developed parts of the area. Activation of developmental potentials is directed towards a demographic revitalization and towards the establishment of a stable and progressive social-economic-ecological area, with an identity recognizable in the region. In that sense, we examine the inter-dependence of potentials limitations and risks for a more rapid future development of the municipality of Kladovo.
 
Among developmental potentials of the municipality of Knic land is of primary significance. A survey of types and fertility land classes was presented in the paper. The structure of surfaces was analyzed according the way of utilization as well as changes that occurred due to construction of the river Gruza accumulation. Spatial differentiation of structural aims for the utilization of the whole land and agricultural one was carried out, which confirmed the physical-geographic and socio-economic heterogeneity of the area. It was pointed to numerous limiting factors of optimal exploitation of land fund (with a special review on shortening the properties). Appropriate measures and activities were also suggested.
 
Researches of existing environmental state represent the basis of the researches for the needs of planning new activities or increasing existing activities in space, but also the basis for population’s health research and protection and maintains of areas with important natural and cultural-historic values. Investigations of air pollution and air quality fall into group of basic activities during describing and evaluating the total environmental state in certain area. This paper identifies the main sources of air pollution in the municipality of Loznica and, according to results of measured values of air pollutants (emission and imission values), concludes about air quality. It also proposes in the end mitigation measures for improvement of the air quality, and therefore of entire environment.
 
The human life and the most of human activities are adapted to the normal climatic conditions everywhere in the world. Therefore any deviation in intensity, frequency or spatial distribution of climatic events is considered as extraordinary climatic phenomenon which could cause unpleasant consequences. These events are known as extreme phenomenon. In this paper extreme air temperature events are formulated, and methodology for identification is considered on the example of Negotin town in eastern part of Serbia.
 
The paper presents glacial lakes and glacial relief forms at the foothill of the peak Maja Jezerce in Mt. Prokletije in Albania, near the border with Montenegro. The group of lakes Buni and Jezerce, which consists of six lakes and which genetically belongs to glacial-erosional lakes, is analyzed. Lakes are situated at the cirque bottom, between the moraines and limestone ridges. Except presented morphometric characteristics of lake basins, data about cirque are given, as well as the reconstruction of the glacier which was formed here. Recent erosion processes are intensive in this area and have considerably changed post-Pleistocene morphology of the lake, as well as the cirque bottom.
 
Aleksandrovac Zupa represents the example of territorial area with composite geological structure and furthermore compound geotectonic framework. Due to the character of some formations, framework and time relation of deformation, these areas belong among the most compound on the Balkan Peninsula. On its territory, the big and composite structural-facies zones are being confronted and became imbued. In a stratigraphic point of view, the largest extend have the Miocene deposits that overlain the crystalline schists of Proterozoic. .
 
Natural basis is a complex, dynamic and meaningful geospatial category. Although its intensity is subject to changes, it is both a permanent determinant of social development and a physical basis of geoecological processes. Due to its own development tendencies and more intensive and various anthropogenic influences, the relation between natural basis and human society is characterized by a specific structure and dynamics of geoecological processes. In the case study of the region Župa Aleksandrovačka (despite its small territory), geoecological processes are characterized by a number of specific and detectable morpho-physionomical and morpho-functional elements and relations. Such a structure of geoecological processes provides geographical homogenity and individuality to the region of Župa Aleksandrovačka.
 
This article gives a simple and brief scope of structure and usage of location-allocation models in territory planning of retail network, trying to show the main shortage of some given models and the primary direction of their future improving. We give an inspection of theirs main usage and give an explanation of basic factors that models take in consideration during the process of demand allocation. Location-allocation models are an important segment of development of spatial retail network optimization process. Their future improvement is going towards their approximation and integration with spatial-interaction models. In this way, much better methodology of planning and directing spatial development of trade general. Methodology which we have used in this research paper is based on the literature and research projects in the area. Using this methodology in analyzing parts of Serbian territory through usage of location-allocation models, showed the need for creating special software for calculating matrix with recursions. Considering the fact that the integration of location-allocation models with GIS still didn't occur, all the results acquired during the calculation of methaformula has been brought into ArcGIS 9.2 software and presented as maps.
 
Using average annual precipitations data for period 1961-90. from all rain gauges in Serbia, southern of Sava and Danube rivers, the map of altitude precipitations gradient is constructed. 59 regions homogeneous for relation X=f(H) are obtained by regression analysis method (two-dimensional type, X precipitation height and H - altitude). Some new method are applied, some limitations are shown, some regularities are found in disposition of precipitation growth and it is indicated on practical application of this method in physico-geographical research.
 
Dreznica is a relatively isolated rural micro region in limestone area of Velika Kapela in a western Croatia. It has been populated by Serbian people in the period of Australian Vojna Krajna. Afterwards, until the Second World War this area gave a lot of emigrants but still was densely populated due to high natural increase. The lost of population due to wars, emigration and depopulation caused a lot of problems. Nowadays more people originating from Dreznica are living out of Serbia.
 
Cultural monuments mark historical past. They are included in anthropogenic tourist values. They present rare copies of creativity and they have exceptional artistic and esthetic values. The most numerous group are sacral objects. The largest attention deserve objects assigned in World cultural inheritance - monastery Studenica and monastery Sopoćani with old town Ras. It is necessary to build caterer capacities, parking lots and sanitary devices in encirclement. Manifestations and presentations on domestic and foreign market contribute to cultural affirmation. Tourist valorization is impeded with that there are no evidence about number of visitors. In separating priorities we must consider uniqueness, rarity and fame. That’s the reason why Čele kula has tourist importance. Cultural monuments increase stay and serve as complementary tourist values. That’s why is necessary synthesis access in their learn and tourist presentation.
 
During last few decades the phenomenon of global warming up of the atmosphere is discovered. It is also concluded that the climate in cities changes, the main result of what is the higher air temperature, the heat island within the places with cold weather. This happens also in Belgrade. There are many reasons for this phenomenon, but the anthropogenic production of energy is considered to be one of the main factors for the rise of temperature. The aim of this work is to define anthropogenic sources of heat in Belgrade and to reckon the quantity of heat they emit as additional sources in relation to the sun.
 
Comparative analyses of data in the observing period from 1970 until 2003 has shown that there has been decrease of the erosive processes on the territory of Temstica river basin. It has been established that character and the intensity of the erosion depends not only on physical factors but on demographic and socio-economical changes in the investigated space.
 
According to new field investigations as well as mapping of erosion in Ljig river basin we have found out that its intensity has changed in regard to period of 40 years ago. The most expressive changes were noticed in Ljig river basin. As we have not noticed changes in physical-geographical factors the cause of the intensity decrease might be only influenced by indirect anthropogenic factor. Processes of growing old and decrease of rural population, migration village-town, marginalization of agriculture and decrease of cattle reserves caused the changes of land utilization. Agriculture areas were becoming overgrown with growing wild vegetation which restrained gradually considerable expressed processes of erosion in the past.
 
The influence of anthropogenic factor on the landslide genesis is analyzed in this paper. Buildings, traffic, water supply and electro infrastructure are introduced in natural landscape as the result of human, living and economic activities in space. The conditions and processes which these objects can cause on the relation object-relief, and therefore initiate the occurrence of landslides, are the change of morphometric characteristics and the modifications of the water balance of slope. The zone with both qualitative and quantitative transformations of relief represents interactive zone in which the influence of man as a genetic factor or modifier of this colluvial process can be observed. .
 
In this report special attention is dedicated to clan structure of Serbian and Bosnian (Muslim) population drawn by the field research and the result of the Census of 2002. The review of the number of the households by clans and total number of members (in the country + in labor or staying abroad) is given by the settlements that were classified by ethnic homogeneous.
 
The village Zelenci is situated 25 km southwest of Banja Luka, surrounded with low mountains, on the valley sides of Zelena river. It belongs to the disperse type of settlements. It covers four hamlets (Živkovići, Milekići, Popovići and Vasiljevići) divided by agricultural and forest area. Nowadays village, according to the tales, existed in Turkish period. Even more, it is built on remaining of ancient settlement (archaeological localities from Bronze age, Gradina locality etc). Inhabitants, whose origin was not researched in details until now, according to the locals, have their origins in Montenegro and Kosovo. Zelenci has negative demographic (in 1961 - 337 inhabitants, in 2003 - 89 inhabitants) and overall development after the Second World War and 60s. During this period, mainly because of permanent migrations toward Banja Luka and Novi Sad, Zelenci is changing its appearance, functional and anthropogeographic characteristics. Today four families live in Zelenci (hamlets are named by them), in 29 permanently settled houses (in 1981 - 47 houses, and in 1991 - 29 houses).
 
The problem of origin and extension of the river terrace in Serbian valleys has been dealt with by many explorers. Beside those extensive investigations, this problem has not been explained enough. Therefore, more detailed investigations of river terraces were taken on a smaller region in the valley of the river Crni Timok in the basin of Zaječar (the Eastern Serbia). A series of low river terraces (the first terrace of r.h. 3-5 m the second terrace of r.h. 5-10 m, the third terrace of r.h. 10-16 m and the forth terrace of r.h. 20-30 m) and two special levels (inundation level of r.h. 0-2 m and the level of low shelves of r.h. 2-4 m) were set aside on this tract. This series of low river terraces of the river Crni Timok brought about the idea of the cyclic origin of some terrace series, which is to be tested by future explorations.
 
Sabac is an important centre in the cultural geography of Serbia. A great number of architectural buildings that are listed in cultural-historic heritage of national interest were built in the city. The goal of this work is to note and highlight the values of architectural cultural heritage of Sabac, which can be valorized for the purpose of tourism. The restoration, protection and inclusion of architectural values in the tourist offer of Sabac, combined with the other types of city tourism such as the event and cultural tourism, contribute to the affirmation of this city as a tourist centre of West Serbia.
 
In this paper land erosion has been investigated from its temporal and spatial variability point of view. The aim of the application of contemporary soft wares and satellite observations was to create an adequate data base which allows faster and more adequate possibility for monitoring the intensity of erosive processes, as well as meaningful decision for application of different ways of anti erosive techniques of the most dangerous areas. Geomorphologic mapping of erosive processes using plane and satellite images has allowed rational planning of field observations and, at the other side very detailed establishing of the intensity of previous erosion. A new approach applied in this paper during data processing of all relevant parameters influencing erosion is based on using of software Geomedia 5.2 (Intergraph).
 
Forms of performance, which inherently have certain artistic and similar values or show various artistic achievements of Serbia with acquired tradition of taking place, represent artistic tourist events in Serbia. With its content and location, literary events, as part of artistic achievements, get special place within the total tourist offer of Serbia. This mode of artistic events also takes place in undeveloped and insignificantly developed areas of Serbia and which also represents the base for development of cultural tourism. Based on the group of geographic and economic criteria, this paper will perform evaluation of literary events and extract those with tourist value.
 
The historical maximal daily precipitations are discussed in this paper. A period of 100 years of Belgrade observations of the maximal daily precipitations is analyzed. The conclusion is that the historical daily precipitations are not yet appeared in the instrumental period, and the range of 100 years of observations can’t be used for examination of probability of daily maximal precipitations.
 
Researching of intensity of chemical erosion nowadays includes different methods, which can be divided into three groups: laboratory experiments, terrain experiments and empirical methods. This work analyses some methods and results that are obtained by their use.
 
In this work are considered certain theoretical aspects of the relation local-global in tourism. The authors emphasize some cause-and-consequence manifestations of globalization in tourism, and indicate the links and relationships (temporal, spatial, conceptual) of the local system in the framework of the global tourist motions. Also, by comparing mass and non-mass forms of touristic movements, the authors interpret the relations of the local and the global. What are the effects of the globalization of tourism upon the local development, and what may be the future meaning of the local in the development of tourism?.
 
Top-cited authors
Slavoljub Dragicevic
  • University of Belgrade
Dragan Buric
  • University of Montenegro
Jovan Mihajlovic
Ana Milanović Pešić
  • Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Jelena Lukovic
  • University of Belgrade