We report herein the southernmost record of the Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica), at two localities inthe Antarctic: Esperanza/Hope Bay (January 2005) and 25 de Mayo/King George Island (October 2008). On both occasionsa pair of specimens with winter plumage was observed.
The European land snail Cepaea nemoralis (Linnaeus, 1758) was introduced in North America in 1857 inBurlington, New Jersey, U.S.A. There is only one anedoctal record of C. nemoralis from Montreal, Canada, but without a dateor an exact location. In this note, recent records of C. nemoralis are presented for Montreal, based on surveys from 7 to 9August 2009 along a southwest to northeast transect parallel to the Montreal-Dorion-Rigaud commuter railroad.
We present new distribution records for Topaza pella (Linnaeus, 1758) in the southern reaches of the AmazonBasin in Brazil. The two new localities presented for the species elucidate its range in southern Pará and northern MatoGrosso states, and in consideration of recent records elsewhere south of the Amazon River, suggest that the species is widelydistributed across suitable habitat throughout the Brazilian Amazon.
As the result of some eight years of fieldwork, 469 bird species have been recorded at the Jaú National Park bythe year 2002. Fieldwork conducted between 2000 and 2008 added 12 species to the list, including Myrmotherula klagesi,Cephalopterus ornatus, Campylorhamphus procurvoides, Venilinornis cassini, Pteroglossus aracari, Todirostrum pictum,Monasa atra, Porphyrio martinica, and Percnostola rufifrons which were restricted to fluvial islands of Rio Negro. All newrecords belong to species which are either little known, have very low natural densities, are patchily distributed or arevagrants.
Kinosternon scorpioides scorpioides is the only subspecies of K. scorpioides with a South American distribution.We report the third known register of this taxon for the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, representing the first record from theAripuanã River basin. This point is at 390 km and 910 km western from the two previously known records of this species inMato Grosso, reinforcing the importance of inventories of K. s. scorpioides.
Harmonia axyridis is a voracious aphid predator, which has been used in biological control programs in severalcountries. Due to its fast spreading, H. axyridis is becoming widely distributed across the world. Recently, it was detectedin Viçosa, Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. This region shows climatic similarity to its native region and it may facilitatethe establishment of H. axyridis. The species was found in some home gardens feeding on aphids and psyllids. The presenceof the lady beetle in the state of Minas Gerais confirms its high spreading potential in Brazil, reinforcing the necessity forfurther studies on the possible impacts and control methods of its populations.
The current note reports two new populations of the introduced snail Carychium minimum O.F. Müller, 1774 atIthaca, New York, USA. It confirms the naturalization of this species in Northeastern North America, which was previouslyknown on drift material only.
Samples of Siderastrea collected by the geologist C. F. Hartt during expedition to Brazil (19th century), anddeposited at the National Museum of the Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, have been re-examined. Taxonomicalanalyses resulted in the identification of a colony of S. siderea from offshore northern Bahia state. Following recentstudies, the occurrence of Caribbean siderastreids to western South Atlantic provides new criteria to assess intra- andinterpopulational morphological variation of the endemic S. stellata, refuting historical trends of synonymizations possiblybiased by long-term taxonomical misunderstandings.
No information is given for the distribution of Cicadidae in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, central Brazil.Thus, the present note reports the species Quesada gigas, Fidicina mannifera, Dorisiana viridis and D. drewseni for the firsttime in this state.
We present here the record of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch, 1792) to the Patos-Mirim lagoon system, RioGrande do Sul, Brazil. This is also the southernmost occurrence in South America, extending species range ca. 150 km fromthe previously known localities.
Brotula barbata is recorded for the first time from Ceará, northeastern Brazil. The species was previouslyknown in the western Atlantic from North Carolina to southeastern Brazil, but there are some gaps between these regions.A single specimen was collected from a traditional line fishing fleet operating in the Mucuripe Sea, Ceará, during August2007. We noticed a meristic difference between the specimen examined and the information from the literature. Howeverthis difference did not make the identification difficult. The new record of B. barbata fills geographic distribution gaps ofthis species in the western Atlantic.
Terrestrial Isopods were sampled in four protected Atlantic Forest areas located in Serra do Mar, state of SãoPaulo, southeastern Brazil. A total of 2,217 individuals of six species (Atlantoscia sp., Benthana werneri, Pseudodiploexochustabularis, Pudeoniscus obscurus, Styloniscus spinosus and Trichorhina sp.) were captured in pitfall traps. The exotic speciesS. spinosus is recorded for the first time for the Americas. Another introduced species, P. tabularis, previously recorded onlyfrom the state of Rio Grande do Sul, had its geographic distribution extended to the state of São Paulo. The most abundantisopods in this study belong to an undescribed species of Atlantoscia.
Standardized sample design helped to increase our knowledge on the ant fauna of Brazilian biomes, in particularleaf litter ants of Atlantic Forest. In this study are presented the new records of nine ant species for the state of Rio deJaneiro: Amblyopone armigera Mayr, 1897, A. elongata (Santschi, 1912), Prionopelta punctulata Mayr, 1866, Lachnomyrmexplaumanni Borgmeier, 1957, Trachymyrmex iheringi (Emery, 1887), Pachycondyla arhuaca Forel, 1901, P. stigma (Fabricius,1804), Thaumatomyrmex mutilatus Mayr 1887 and Proceratium brasiliense Borgmeier, 1959. They were captured duringthree systematic inventories carried out in Tinguá Biological Reserve, in Restinga da Marambaia and in Vista Chinesa ForestReserve. Winkler’s extractors and pitfall traps were used as sampling techniques to access ants’ fauna.
This work presents new records and extends the geographic distribution of Heliconius sara apseudes in theAtlantic Forest of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Five new records were taken along butterfly inventories carried outbetween 2005 and 2010 in distinct phytophysiognomies at Rio Grande do Sul northeast region: Swamp Forest, AtlanticForest stricto sensu and Araucaria Moist Forest. The fact that all registers occurred in well preserved habitats of the AtlanticForest emphasizes the need of conservation of this biome in Rio Grande do Sul.
In the present study we report new records of the anurans Hypsiboas curupi, Scinax littoralis, Dendropsophuselegans, and Crossodactylus schmidti for the state of Santa Catarina. These records expand the geographic distributioncurrently known for these species and contribute for the knowledge of the southern Brazilian anuran fauna.
The Gorgonocephalidae includes 38 genera, five of them reported for Brazilian waters. Gorgonocephalus chilensishas a wide distribution throughout Antartica and Subantartican regions and its northern limit was restricted to the coast ofUruguay. This work aims to report the first occurrence of the Gorgonocephalus genus for the Brazilian continental marginand extend the northern limit of distribution of G. chilensis to the coast of Santa Catarina. Tolerance to a large temperatureand bathimetric range are crucial to understand the distributions patterns of ophiuroids from the polar circle that alsooccur at southern South America.
In many intertidal rocky shores at Ilha Grande Bay, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the vermetid gastropodPetaloconchus varians is the dominant organism, forming a well-developed and complex structure, where different groupsof organisms live, including the invasive bivalve Myoforceps aristatus. The present paper describes the distribution and newrecord localities of M. aristatus at Ilha Grande Bay.
A new record of Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818) in the Massaguaçu River estuary (São Paulo, Brazil) is reportedbased on indirect (footprints and feces) and direct registers of otters presence. This record details the otter distribution inthe Atlantic Rain Forest.
This is the first report of Ictalurus punctatus in the middle Paranapanema river basin; the occurrence of thisspecies may be associated with the expansion of pisciculture in cage farms in the Brazilian territory as a whole.
We report the southernmost record for the marsh rats Holochilus brasiliensis 20 km S of Pedro Luro on Hwy3, province of Buenos Aires, Argentina (39°41’31.13”S, 62°40’23.5”W) extending the range of the species ca. 110 km S.This represents the first contemporaneous record of H. brasiliensis in Patagonia, and also the only species of sigmodontinerodent with amphibious habits reported in Patagonia.
Here we report the first documented records of the White-rumped Sandpiper for the states of Piauí and Ceará in northeast Brazil. The first record was of a single bird photographed on 24 April 2008 at ‘Lagoa de Santana’ , a coastal lagoon in the municipality of Cajueiro da Praia, northern Piauí. On 11 March 2009, another single White-rumped Sandpiper was seen and photographed at ‘Ilha Grande’ , an island located within the Timonha/Ubatuba Rivers estuarine complex in western Ceará.
We present here the record of the rediscovery of Crypturellus noctivagus noctivagus in the state of Rio Grande doSul, Brazil, in a forest area on the border of São Sepé and Formigueiro municipalities. The species was considered probablyextinct in the state, being unrecorded for about three decades.
The Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus has an extensive geographic range that encompasses northeast tocentral, east and part of southeastern regions in Brazil. In southeastern region, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais states weretreated as southern limit of the species distribution. In the present note, we firstly documented the species to São Paulostate, extending to southern its old-believed geographic distribution. We argued several records of C. pileatus in Vale doParaíba region since 40 years ago. We also hypothesized the future geographic expansion of the species in São Paulo state.
Two specimens of bats deposited in the mammal collection of Universidade Federal da Paraíba have been found:one young female of Artibeus planirostris and one adult male of Trachops cirrhosus. These reports represent the first recordof these species for the state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil.
In Ecuador, Thyroptera tricolor is distributed on the northern coastal region, in Amazonia, and in the foothillsof the Andes between 50 to 1,800 m of altitude. We reported a capture of a non-breeding female at El Descanso, Los RíosProvince, in the central coastal region of Ecuador. With this record, we have extended the geographical distribution of T.tricolor in Ecuador 55 km further south. Using the available data for Ecuador, a predictive distribution model was generatedusing a Maximum Entropy approach.
The current study reports five new localities of the four-eyed frog Pleurodema thaul (Lesson, 1827) in the extreme north of its distribution (27° to 30° S) in the desertic and semidesertic ravines of Chile, including an increase in its altitudinal range up to 3125 m.
Herein is reported the first record of Trechona venosa (Araneae, Dipluridae) for the state of Minas Gerais. Theprevious records are restricted to a maximum range of about 50 km from the Atlantic Ocean coast, in the states of Rio deJaneiro and Espírito Santo. The new record extends the species distribution to 200 km far from coast.
Observations and pictures of two snakes, Tachymenis peruviana Wiegmann, 1836, and Tachymenis chilensis(Schlegel, 1837), were taken in the Atacama coastal desert, province of Antofagasta, Chile. Furthermore, in the collection of the Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Santiago, we found two individuals of T. c. chilensis from Cachapoal and Talcaprovinces. These records represent a northward extension of the known range of T. c. chilensis along the Andean foothillsof more than 180 km.
We present the first record of Urostrophus vautieri for the state of Espírito Santo and a distribution map forthe species. This species was previoulsy known from the states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, SantaCatarina, and Rio Grande do Sul. The present record represent an extension of nearly 200 km to the North from the nearestpublished record for the species.
We provide the first record of Anolis fuscoauratus D’Orbigny, 1837 for the state of Rio Grande do Norte anda distribution map for the species in the Atlantic Rainforest of northeastern Brazil. The record of A. fuscoauratus in themunicipality of Tibau do Sul, state of Rio Grande do Norte, represents a distribution extension of 170 km northwesternfrom the municipality of Cabedelo, state of Paraíba. This is the northernmost record of this species in the Atlantic Rainforest.
The geographic distribution of Trachycephalus nigromaculatus inside the state of Bahia, Brazil, is extended tothe RPPN Serra Bonita in the municipality of Camacan and another area in the municipality of Boa Nova, a transition zonebetween the Atlantic Rainforest and Caatinga biomes.
A new record of Euneomys chinchilloides (Waterhouse, 1839) at Parque Provincial Aconcagua (Mendoza,Argentina), is reported based on two fresh specimens found dead and several cranial remains found in owl pellet samples.The current record enlarges its distribution in the Andean region of Argentina ca. 250 km to the north.
During a field trip to the town of El Carmen in de Department of Santa Cruz we captured 108 specimens ofPhlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae). Among the specimens examined, we found five species of sand fly comprising fourgenera. Four species (Lutzomyia cruzi, Lutzomyia forattinii, Evandromyia corumbaensis, Expapillata cerradincola) are newrecords which increased the number of species known to occur in Bolivia from 117 to 121.
The present study records for the first time the small cichlidae fish Laetacara dorsigera (Heckel, 1840) atUruguay River basin and state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, previously known from Amazon, Paraná and ParaguayRiver basins. Although the ichthyofauna of Uruguay River basin is relatively well known, this record suggests that thereare still unexplored environments, such as wetlands, where there may be species not yet reported, and found in otherhydrographic systems.
Itapotihyla langsdorffii (Duméril & Bibron, 1841) this species was first
registered at Parque Estadual do Rio Doce (19°48' – 19°29'S, 42°38' – 42°28'W, 236-515 m above sea level) (Feio et al. 1998; 1999) The most
inland distribution report of I. langsdorffii at state of Minas Gerais is at municipality of Rio Novo (21°31'23"S, 43°11'01"W, 400 m above sea level)
(Feio and Ferreira 2005).
A new locality and an updated distribution map to Batrachyla leptopus Bell is provided herein. The new recordextends in 200 km the distribution range of this species and constitutes the northernmost record until today. Finally, thepresent results are discussed in the Amphibian declining frame, bearing in mind the importance of these records andadditional information to future conservation strategies in the study area.
We report the first record of A. heterodermus for Ecuador based on four specimens from Chilmá Bajo, province ofCarchi, ca. 120 km NE from the nearest record (departamento Putumayo, municipio de Santiago, Colombia) reported in theliterature. Two additional records for Ecuador are listed in the Herpnet database, from specimens deposited at the CarnegieMuseum of Natural History and collected 18 km SE from Maldonado (ca. 8 km NW from Chilmá Bajo). We also presentinformation about color variation in the recently collected specimens.
The present note records for the first time the tropical gobiid fish Evorthodus lyricus (Girard, 1858) from Patos-Mirim Lagoon System, state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. Considering the known distribution of the species,and unpublished data obtained from fish collections, the present record widens the distribution of E. lyricus in 300 kmsouthwards, and is the first occurrence of the species for freshwater conditions in southern Brazil.
The current work provides the first country record of Stenocercus humeralis in Peru. This new record extends theknown species’ distribution ca. 78.5 km SW from the southernmost record at 12.2 km south of Loja (on road to Vilcabamba),Ecuador
The present note records for the first time the gobiid fish Ctenogobius stigmaticus (Poey, 1860) at Patos Lagoonstuary, state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. The known distribution of this species is therefore extended 600 kmsouthwards.