This article considers the image of California evoked in the unusual Ansel Adams photograph Eucalyptus Tree, Fort Ross, California (1969), a Polaroid Land image of the garrison fence and an aged eucalyptus tree. Considering the participation of Russian occupation, Australian cross-pollination, Carleton Watkins’s early photographs of redwoods, automotive and tourist images in the creation of this distinctive California place, the article argues that to understand Ansel Adams’s work, we must not remember his Yosemite images and forget him at Fort Ross. Eucalyptus Tree, Fort Ross, California is still beautiful even as it jars the human presence back into the frame. California—vast, sprawling, variegated—can only be contained in an accretion of images, emotions, and people, as their hopes, their dreams, and their fears form this puzzle of a place.
Because past frames of reference and perspectives on Chinese Americans have relied mainly on English language sources, they seldom reflected the attitudes and experiences of the Chinese themselves. This bibliography attempts to remedy that situation by listing over 1,500 available works in the Chinese language which can be found in libraries and institutions in the United States. It is based on three major collections in Northern California: the East Asian Collection of the Hoover Institution of War, Revolution and Peace at Stanford University; the East Asian Collection of the University of California at Berkeley; and the Collection of the Chinese Historical Society of America. The main categories of reference materials included in the bibliography are: general works and handbooks; publications of organizations and institutions, and special publications; biographies and travel accounts; belles letters and essays; newspapers and periodicals; manuscripts; and miscellaneous. These items are grouped into the following subject categories: (1) background to emigration; (2) overseas Chinese; (3) immigration and exclusion; (4) Chinese in America; (5) directories; (6) Chinese American organizations; (7) economy and business; (8) biographies and travel accounts; (9) sociocultural materials; (10) Chinese politics; (11) journalism; and (12) literature. (PS)
During and after the Gold Rush, Yankee speculators brokered some of the most spectacular land deals in California history. This article follows the pecuniary interests of these speculators on their way to the halls of government in California and Washington, DC.