The author started her career twenty years ago in Belgium at the time of the explosion of psychopharmacological treatment, and has currently been working for more than ten years in Los Angeles (USA). Confronted daily with the homeless population (including a growing number suffering from severe psychiatric illnesses) and shaken by the limitations and the drifts of a psychiatric science that is increasingly more reductionist, she offers in this essay a personal, political and ethical reflection.
The jihadist recruitment massively uses social networks, spaces heavily frequented by teenagers. These are then more likely to view Daesh propaganda videos, because of the virality of the social network.
This article proposes to analyze the propaganda of Daesh in order to find elements of understanding to the radicalization of the adolescents.
The method is based on the film analysis of the videos of Daesh, and in particular on the example of the productions of the French recruiter Omar Omsen. The analysis are essentially based on psychoanalytic metapsychology, at the meeting of the clinical material obtained.
A quarter of the recruits are teenagers and the majority of Europeans embrigaded point the importance of social networks in their recruitment. The propaganda videos cover all the codes used and known by teenagers and resonates with adolescent quest. The influx of images and their ease of access encourage self-recruitment, amplified by the virality of social networks, the importance of virtual communauty, and by viral alterity.
The messages transmistted by this propaganda in pictures, and the media used to broadcast the news, resonate with some of adolescent processes, such as the fight against the loss of infantile omnipotence, identity question, the need for gratitude of peers, an inscription in the social bond, and the search for an ideal.
L’ouvrage de Patrick Brun fait écho au précédent, « Poétiques du cinéma ». Dans l’Eloge de l’attraction, l’auteur intègre avec justesse les notions psychologiques et psychanalytiques qui renouvellent le rapport du lecteur-spectateur à son plaisir d’être au cinéma. La réflexion menée par Patrick Brun dans ce livre attire irrésisti¬blement le lecteur vers ses propres souvenirs ci¬nématographiques, tantôt sur le plan des idées, tantôt sur celui des émotions. L’implication corporelle du spectateur qui tra¬verse en filigrane tout le livre, réveille une multitude d’instants éprouvés par chacun de nous dans les salles obscures, à peine vécus et déjà oubliés. En définitive, ce livre étonnant sur l’attraction au cinéma nous permet de saisir ce qu’une simple projection nous interdit de voir.
This article presents the situation of a family facing sexual abuse. The authors attempt to describe the peculiar psychic functioning of a mother as well as the context of family isolation and conjugal violence which favored the installation of a state of indifference to oneself and to the other. They outline the therapeutic devices to work on the distortions of the mother-child bond as well as a restoration of her maternal identity. This way involves the need to work his adult guilt in order to restore the generational order that was denied during incest.
Cet article présente la situation d’une famille au sein de laquelle se sont déroulés des abus sexuels. Les auteures s’attachent à décrire le fonctionnement psychique singulier d’une mère ainsi que le contexte d’isolement familial et de violences conjugales qui ont favorisé l’installation d’un état d’indifférence à soi et à l’autre. Elles dégagent les pistes thérapeutiques permettant de travailler les distorsions du lien mère-enfant ainsi qu’une restauration de son identité maternelle. Ce travail passe par la nécessité de faire (ré)-émerger ses parts de culpabilité afin de permettre de rétablir l’ordre générationnel qui a été nié lors des incestes.
The authors discuss the issues brought up during a meeting with an adolescent who committed sexual abuse and is involved in a specific work group. Three phases of the meeting are examined here. The first phase, during the preliminary interviews, leads the teenager out of his delinquent status and into the patient status. The second phase represents the encounter with his peers in the group and the beginnings of intersubjectivity. The third phase, thanks to the therapeutic work, involves a meeting with himself. The originality of this therapy lies in the creation of a media-game that offers a playful communication medium. This method and the triple encounter that it brings about makes use of the resources of adolescents, enabling them to gain a better understanding of themselves and their actions as subjects. ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// Résumé : Les auteurs proposent de discuter des enjeux de la rencontre avec l’adolescent auteur de violences sexuelles engagés dans un dispositif de soin groupal spécifique (« Conduite Accompagné »). Cette rencontre se décline en trois temps. Le premier renvoie aux entretiens préliminaires, qui amènent l’adolescent à quitter son statut de « délinquant » pour accéder à celui de patient. Le second temps signe la rencontre avec les pairs dans le groupe et l’ouverture à l’intersubjectivité. Enfin, le troisième temps s’apparente, grâce au travail thérapeutique, à une rencontre avec soi-même. Ainsi ce dispositif et la triple rencontre qu’il convoque mobilisent les ressources de ces adolescents, leur permettant une meilleure compréhension d’eux-mêmes et de leurs actes, en tant que Sujet.
Clinical support and negative capability
Considering in hindsight her clinical experiences while accompanying groups of professionals who wish to analyse their practice, as well as her experiences while supporting forming researchers, or those who want to produce research literature, the author examines one of her characteristics in the psychic role of accompanying. The work uses the concept of “negative capability” introduced by W.R. Bion in order to describe this psychic disposition congruent with the type of psychic work that impulse the participants in these groups. It then advances the hypothesis of a link between the implementation of her own negative capability during the animation of these support groups and the emergence (and the development) of creative insights in participating members. This posture would be able to promote their creative potential as far as their narcissistic modes would allow them to tolerate the occurrence of feelings related to what Bion calls the “catastrophic change”.
Based on her experience, as a clinical psychologist in a university hospital structure, the author proposes a reflec¬ tion, on the consequences of performance requirement, from corporate and societal standpoints, when dealing with the suffering of caregivers and care teams.
The Process of Motherhood in Women in a Mother and Child Center: From Passivation to Subjectivation
From their respective clinical practices, the authors raise questions about the characteristics and especially the deadlocks of motherhood among young single mothers living in a Mother and Child Center. They base their discussion on the now widely-held view that motherhood is a special moment of psychic opening and, therefore, of re-activation of early psychic trauma. They then attempt to show how the concept of “passivation,” understood as a disorder in accessing passivity, can prove to be helpful in this clinical context. The authors thus demonstrate how maternity in these women reactivates the psychological deadlocks of early childhood, which left them in “passivation”, and also how this particular moment in their lives can allow its development and re-start the process of subjectivation. A clinical example is used to illustrate the authors’ point of view.
The recent discovery of epigenetic mechanisms associated to early life stress address the complex question of etiology of mental diseases and transgenerational inheritance of acquired features. This article aims to inform mental health professionals looking over more current datas on the subject.
Mental suffering adolescent takes various forms, consisting of small clinical signs whose intensity is variable and evolving over time. When it is not understood, it can result in acting out (such as truancy, theft, drug use, etc.) that serves as a starting point for mobilizing adults around the difficulties of the adolescent. Sometimes educational or therapeutic devices work as reactive responses to acting and fed by him. If we differentiate Act and act in terms of psychic temporality, it allows to identify the intersubjective level necessary to understand the adolescent's acting out. Thus, we can hope to halt their repetition and to contain the destructive movements that are often associated with them. The transitional temporality is an essential component of the Act. It is a necessary foundation for building the psychic positions regarding the symbolic function of Law.
Considered as a genealogical crime (Legendre, 1990. 1999), genocide represents a major "symbolicid-al" event (événement symbolicide) (Guyotat, 1985, 1995, 2005a). It is through its aim to eradicate the very otherness of its victims that it may be viewed as being of a fanatical nature (Chouvier, 2017). Indeed, extermination consists of a profound undermining of the primary, secondary and original narcissistic contract (Aulagnier, 1975; Kaës, 2009) leading to a catastrophe of filiation (Waintrater, 2002), but perhaps also to an affiliation to a group and identification to the human race. How do the victims of the genealogical crime born of the radical ideological constructions supported by the Nazis integrate themselves phantasmatically - or not - in their genealogical lineage? We hypothesise that for survivors of such a mass crime, the phantasmatic representation of genealogy shows the signs of trauma relating to the representation of an ability to create. The original quality of our work is found in the exploration of this hypothesis using projective mediation: the free realization of the genealogical tree (Veuillet, 2003). A case study allows us to show that the signs of trauma concern the primary phantasy of the subject and that they subconsciously reveal certain identificational impasses relating to the process of subjectification at issue in the triple narcissistic contract in question.