Bulletin du Musée hongrois des beaux-arts = O.M. Szépművészeti Múzeum közleményei

This article examines a marble bust of a charioteer now in Budapest as well as one in Rome and reconstructs the previously overlooked genre to which they belong. First, it discusses the formal qualities of the two busts, including their materials, manufacture, and craftsmanship, and compares their imagery to representations of charioteers in bust form across visual media (i.e., graffiti, ivory figurines, lead weights, terracotta lamps, and freestanding sculptures). It then considers their social patronage and function, and seeks to reimagine the responses of their viewers—especially amongst the lower social orders, who were charioteers’ most passionate and partisan followers. In this way, the article aims to provide new insights into their graded hierarchies of material, form, style, and display—hierarchies which take on their full import when set within the wider context of the Roman economy of civic honors, sacred dedications, and funerary memorials.
New cultic finds of the Vinca culture
The Egyptian collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest preserves several wooden funerary figures known as Ptah-Sokar-Osiris. Among these, two specimens in particular stand out due to their characteristics which are worthy of further examination. The visit carried out in the Museum allowed me to conduct an in-depth analysis of these figures in the context of the survey of the CALiPSOProject. The present article intends to extend this particular corpus of data as well as to continue the previous investigation on this specific type of Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figures. Its first aim is to provide a detailed analysis of the two above-mentioned artefacts (inv. nos. 51.2098 and 51.244) focusing on their decorative features, inscriptions and typological characteristics. The second aim is to demonstrate that these two objects pertain to a very specific typology of Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figures, provided with particular and interesting features only present on examples manufactured in Akhmim.
Top-cited authors
Peter Baranyi
  • Széchenyi István University
András Kárpáti
  • University of Pécs
Sinclair W. Bell
  • Northern Illinois University