British Journal of Entomology & Natural History

Publications
A male of the bumblebee Bombus hypnorum (L.) has been collected in Wiltshire. This species has not been recorded previously from Britain and its identi®cation and status are discussed.
 
Insects with multiple habitat requirements (i.e. the need for habitat mosaics featuring two or more discrete elements for larval development and adult activities) are often badly handled during environmental impact assessment. For example, a 50% loss of a site through development can be portrayed as a 50% reduction of the population of a species when in reality that 50% loss obliterates one of its critical needs such as larval development habitat thereby resulting in unavoidable loss of that species. This paper describes a simple approach for mapping the different needs of an insect species with multiple needs against the plan of a development to more critically assess the likely impact. This can then help to reshape development proposals to avoid the loss of important species and faciltate mitigation/compensation packages, especially within a Biodiversity Net Gain framework.
 
Literature records of insects and mites feeding on plants are examined in the light of experience in compiling information for the Phytophagous Insects Data Bank. Data on Senecio are used to illustrate difficulties and uncertainties in the records, and the following points are reviewed briefly: species which are not fully phytophagous, introduced and migrant species, identification and nomenclature, unreliable data, geographic differences in food-plants, species in captivity, quantitative aspects of preference, and polyphagous species. -from Author
 
This catalogue and atlas on Trichoptera in Ireland produced by James O’Connor (aka Jim) is a comprehensive A5 tome of 646 pages detailing the history of caddisfly recording in Ireland over the last two centuries. It contains vast lists of site records, informative Irish and European distribution maps and ecological notes for each species. It also includes illustrations and photographs for a few select species. Other information included is a detailed checklist of all 149 species now confirmed in Ireland, as well as fifteen or so photographs of important trichopterists who are referred to within the text.
 
The large hoverfly, Eristalis pratorum (now known as E. similis), is added to the British list from a female captured at a brownfield sites near Ryton on Dunsmore, Warwickshire in 1990.
 
The taxon that had been traditionally known in Britain as Homeoneura consobrina (Diptera: Lauxaniidae) is shown to comprise two species, H. patelliformis and H. thalhammeri, based on material obtained from Salix-rich brownfield sites in Coventry, England, during 1991. Information on how to distinguish the two species is given, plus further records obtained from museum collections and correspondence with other British Dipterists. The true H. consobrina was eventually added to the British list in 2005.
 
Two forms of the sexual gall of Andricus singularis Mayr on Turkey oak Quercus cerris L. are described. Rearing records of the gall causer and associated parasitoids are given for Kent and Suffolk. The status of A. singularis is discussed with reference to the closely related A. gemmeus (Giraud)
 
Specimens of Schizotetranychus celarius (Banks, 1917) were discovered in August 1995 on a single bamboo plant (Sasaella masmuneana) in a private garden in Surrey. Further live specimens were collected from the same site in April 1998. A Survey conducted by the Plant Heath and Seeds Inspectorate (PHSI) discovered the mite at sites in Hampshire, Norfolk, Surrey and Sussex. These are the first confirmed records of this mite in Britain, and it has since been intercepted several times on imported bamboo plants. Two new hosts are recorded, Sasaella masmuneana and Phyllostachys aurea.
 
The distribution of Parthenolecanium pomeranicum in Britain between 1928 and 2010. Each square represents 10km.
European mole cricket, Gryllotalpa spp, (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae).
Number of reports of Parthenolecanium pomeranicum in Britain between 1930 and 2010 divided into five yearly intervals.
The yew scale Parthenolecanium pomeranicum (Kawecki) is native to Europe and feeds by sucking sap from the foliage and stems of Taxus. It was first detected in
 
Pre-1990 Scottish records of the Hawthorn Shieldbug Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale. 
Scottish records of the Hawthorn Shieldbug Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale, 1990–1995. 
Scottish records of the Hawthorn Shieldbug Acanthosoma haemorroidale 1996–1999. (continued) 
Scottish records of the Hawthorn Shieldbug Acanthosoma haemorroidale 1996–1999. 
Scottish records of the Hawthorn Shieldbug Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale, 2000–2008. 
The status and recent distributional changes of the hawthorn shieldbug Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale (L.) in Scotland are discussed. The acanthosomatid is now widespread in central and southern regions and scarce in northern and northwest Scotland.
 
Some unusual beetles identified from pitfall traps on lichen heath and vegetated shingle, Denge Marsh, Dungeness, Kent, TR0118. vi/vii 1997. Trechus fulvus Dejean, Pterostichus macer (Marsh.), Amara lucida (Dufts), Badister unipustulatus Bonelli, Dromius vectensis Rye, (Carabidae) Quedius pallipes Lucas, Staphylinus erythropterus L., Platydracus stercorarius (Olivier), Mycetoporus piceolus Rey (Staphylinidae), Athous campyloides Newman (Elateridae), Orthochaetes setiger (Beck), Sibinia primitus (Herbst) (Curculionidae).
 
Four rare and localized Hymenoptera identified from an unbaited pitfall trap on vegetated shingle, Denge Marsh, Dungeness, Kent, TR0118, June 1997. The very rare embolemid Embolemus ruddii Westwood, a single female; the ants Myrmica specioides Bondroit, Leptothorax tuberum (F.) and Leptothorax interruptus (Schenk).
 
During the British Entomological and Natural History Society visit to Lundy in July 2014 a total of 10 ant species was recorded. Lasius niger (L.) s. str. is here added to the island’s ant list, which now numbers 13 species, and the presence of Formica cunicularia Latreille on Lundy is confirmed. It is suggested that the Lundy record for Formica rufa L. is a misidentification. Previously published ant records for Lundy are summarised and the July 2014 records are mapped.
 
A general view of Binner Downs, Cornwall, showing capped mine shaft and heathland areas of value to invertebrates, 2008. Photo: Mark Spalding-Jenkin. 
Nationally scarce species at Binner Downs, west Cornwall 1994-1995
Species associated with the small bank at Binner Downs 2003, 2007
Abandoned metalliferous mine sites are important for wildlife. One such site, called Binner Downs in Cornwall, was surveyed for insects in 1994 and 1995, with 103 species recorded in three visits, each of one hour duration. One of the most important areas for invertebrate activity was a small south-facing sandy bank, which was re-surveyed for insects in 2003 and 2007. The bank was used by a range of insects including the bee Panurgus banksianus (Kirby) and the tiger beetle Cicindela campestris L. for nesting. Insects such as the ground-hopper Tetrix undulata (Sowerby) fed on the sparse vegetation, whilst the muscid Neomyia cornicina (Fabr.) utilised the bank for thermo-regulation and the bee Nomada fabriciana (L.) for host location. The soils here showed consistently high levels of arsenic, copper, lead and zinc, but metal contamination was generally lower than in the surrounding, more heavily vegetated areas. Particle size analysis indicated that the aculeates Panurgus banksianus, Andrena dorsata (Kirby), Cerceris arenaria (L.) and Mellinus arvensis (L.) all nested where the soils were very fine, with 84% of the particles less than 250mm.
 
In the autumn of 2008 a large infestation of an undescribed species of felt scale (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae) was observed on a single Leptospermum sp. plant growing outdoors in a private garden in Essex, England. The insect was subsequently described in 2010 as Acanthococcus mariannae Pellizzari from specimens collected from Manuka plants (Leptospermum scoparium) in Italy and France (Corsica). This is the first confirmed incursion of the Manuka Felt Scale in Britain. The biology, geographical distribution and economic importance of this scale are discussed.
 
Records of the Fuchsia gall mite, Aculops fuchsiae Keifer in England, 2007 to December 2013. RHS and Fera data. Produced using Dmap B . 
The Fuchsia gall mite Aculops fuchsiae Keifer, which is native to South America, was first detected in England in 2007. The mite causes extensive galling and unsightly distortion of the aerial parts of its host plants, Fuchsia species and cultivars. The establishment and known distribution of A. fuchsiae in England is presented along with details of its host range, lifecycle and control. The current and future impact of this pest in the UK and Europe is discussed.
 
Quantitative sampling was undertaken along transects on three mire seepage systems on Dartmoor during April in two years to search for the larvae of the rare hoverfly Eristalis cryptarum (Fabr.). Although the hoverfly was not detected several nationally rare or scarce species were found frequently in the seepages, including the cranefly Triogma trisulcata (Schummel), the snail Omphiscola glabra (Mu¨ller) and the water beetles Laccobius atratus (Rottenberg), Helochares punctatus Sharp, Hydrochus angustatus Germar and Paracymus scutellaris (Rosenhauer), along with nine other uncommon wetland species. Ordination and classification of the data showed there were two distinct groups, one associated with faster open runnels and another with dense vegetation usually dominated by Sphagnum auriculatum Schimp.
 
Bishops Bowl.
Nelsons Quarry.
A comparative review of the modern bee and wasp assemblages (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) of fourteen calcareous (mudstone, limestone and ironstone) quarries and spoilheaps in Warwickshire is given. The sites were assessed in terms of species diversity, presence of rare species and the quality of various habitat-related assemblages such as calcicoles. 186 species were recorded in total during the main study period from 1990-2002, and the best site (the Bishops Bowl-Bishops Hill Complex) produced a list of 128 species. Notes on some of the scarcer species are provided and discussion of the main conservation issues that affect bees and wasps at these sites. The danger of placing too much emphasis on Species Quality Indices is highlighted.
 
The status of the cydnid Adomerus biguttatus (L.) (Hemiptera: Cydnidae) in Scotland is reviewed with details given of all known Scottish sites recorded over 99 years between 1886 and 1985. These comprised five localities, the majority of which are located in the central Highlands where the cydnid is associated with native pine forest. Details of potential habitat and host plants within Scotland are outlined based on known ecology of this cryptic burrowing bug.
 
Describes observations of adult Lonchaeidae (Diptera) feeding on prey in spiders' larders
 
Maximum likelihood tree reconstructed using PhyML using 173 Hoplitis  
Viper’s Bugloss Mason Bee, Hoplitis adunca (Panzer), is recorded as new to Britain. Morphological characters are given, and illustrated, to establish its identity and to distinguish it from other British bees. DNA sequencing was used to independently confirm the identification. This species is established at one location in London. Notes are provided on bionomics, the circumstances of its arrival and its status in Britain.
 
NHMUK010264906-Agenioideus_apicalis-male-habitus_dorsal-1_0x-a
The spider wasp, Agenioideus apicalis (Vander Linden), is reported as new to Britain based on one specimen collected in the garden of the Natural History Museum, London. Morphological characters are given, and illustrated, to establish its identity and a key is provided to distinguish it from other British Pompilidae. Notes are provided on bionomics and its status in Britain. Two previously reported putative British specimens of A. apicalis collected in the mid-19th century were re-examined and their provenance is shown to be doubtful, and most likely of southern European origin, based on evidence of labelling, historical evidence of provenance and the known distribution of A. apicalis elsewhere in Europe. A second British specimen of Agenioideus sericeus (Vander Linden) is reported.
 
Top-cited authors
Paul Hugh Williams
  • Natural History Museum, London
Chris Malumphy
  • Fera Science Limited, York, United Kingdom
Tim Gardiner
  • Environment Agency UK
Andrew Salisbury
  • Royal Horticultural Society
Julian Hill