The aim of the study was to evaluate the perception that onco-hematological patients with metastatic disease have regarding the information received on their disease and treatment. Method. EORTC QLQ-INFO25 was administered anonymously to 103 patients. Results. 69% of patients were satisfied and 76% rate the information received very useful. More than half of the sample is not satisfied with the information on the effects of therapy on social and family life (53%), the effects of therapy on sexual activity (73%), the possibility of receiving extra-hospital care (78%), the rehabilitation services (81%), how to manage the disease at home (56%), the professional psychological support (69%). Overall, 46% would have preferred to receive more information, and 2% less. Discussion. The responses show that the greatest satisfaction is for the areas of purely medical relevance (information on the disease, information on medical investigations and information on the therapy carried out). Information by the doctor becomes deficient, from the patient's point of view, for those thematic areas that doctors did not consider to be their competence. Conclusion. Our data shows the lack of exchange between doctor and patient, in both directions and highlighted the need for training doctors on communication skills on psycho-social issues and quality of life concerns.
In the wake of innumerable and insightful studies on the unnatural narratology at home and abroad, it develops into a post-classical narratology that is comparable to female narratology, rhetoric narratology, and cognitive narratology. Taking the native American writer Sherman Alexie’s Flight as its central concern, the essay attends to explore the unnaturalness of the novel and further elaborates on its thematic meaning. In Alexie’s Flight, as a post-9/11 fiction, its unnaturalness can be explored by such elements as unnatural storyworlds, unnatural minds and unnatural acts of narration. The intentional violation of conventional narration further highlights the hero’s crisis and reconstruction of his identity in the post-9/11 world changed with the miserable memory in his childhood, his sublimation from terrorism to pacifism during his time travel and the regain of love in his final foster family, which consequently contributes to the final change of his appellation from “Zits” to “Michael”.
This article examines the political participation of mythology and the imaginary and the role of the history of unexpected events. It demonstrates how the attack on the Twin Towers in New York on September 11, 2001, determined contextualization of the event and 'resymbolization.' Working with the concept of the state of cinema, this article explores the possibilities of constructing modern culture which, based on the action of images and the movies. We analyze the North American imperial discourse, and the fabrication of a picture of the world based on a cinematographic, symbolic, and media process was - in the duel against the bad guy, and the American hero.
In 31 October, 2000, the United Nations Security Council adopted and signed SC Resolution 1325 on Women Peace and Security. Resolution 1325 recognizes that civilian, particularly women and children are the worst affected by conflict. Resolution 1325 call for women participation in conflict prevention and resolution initiative, the integration of gender perspective in peace building, peace keeping mission and the protection of women in regions of conflict. The resolution reaffirms the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, peace negotiations, peace-building, peace keeping, humanitarian response and in post-conflict reconstruction; stressing the importance of equal participation in peace and security. In Africa, women participation in policy making, peace building and conflict resolution is still faced with setbacks despite the passing of the SCR 1325 two decades ago. Findings from this study has shown that, women have been subjected to domination by men as a result of persisting cultural stereotypes, abuse of religious and traditional practices, patriarchal societal structures in which economic, political and social power are dominated by men while women played the role of followers of male decision-makers. The study identifies such challenges for a change or reforms them. The paper reviewed many of the extant studies on the role and potentials of women in peace building and conflict resolution. Analyzing those challenges inhibiting the participation of women in peace process. The paper adopted the qualitative approach whereby data collected from secondary sources were reviewed, explained and analyzed within the purview of the study. The paper conclude, the views that bringing women into the peace process, as participation of women makes it sustainable and reduces possibility of inadequate outcome or failure of the entire process, may be an illusion. Unless the women are economically and politically empowered, as one of the outstanding equality of peace-makers or negotiators is the amount of political and economic influence they possessed. Only elite centric gender blind composition of negotiation and peace process team cannot ensure sustainable peace process as there could be no peace with one side so disadvantaged.
The creation of the Imperial Circles (= Reichskreise) was an overdue answer to the powerlessness of the Empire and the Estates in matters of the preservation of peace in the countryside, the organization of the Supreme Court, the control of taxes, begging, the poor, customs and coin matters, the conscription of the Imperial Army, health care – formed by the medical Policey with regard to the supply of drinking water, protection against epidemics and plague – and many other points in the early modern process of civilization. These included, for example, the construction of cross-border roads and streets and the settlement of territorial prestige and border disputes. Some of these were certainly more of a requirement than an everyday practice. Since the 16th century, most of the administrative work was then carried out by the increasing competence of county councils. In combination with their territorial system of offices and government, they had new instruments of regional planning control at their disposal. For urgent tasks such as regional and supra-regional road construction, the fight against epidemics and crime, and customs, coinage or trade policy, the county councils (= Kreiskonvente) were often too “small”, especially in the territorial area of southern Germany, but the Reich as a whole was far too “large”" to find and implement practicable solutions. Up to now it was a research desideratum to classify the imperial circles into the European system of federal structures. My contribution aims to close this gap.
The President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria while acting within his constitutional powers as enshrined under section 175 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended) and with the approval of the Council of State, pardoned the erstwhile governors of Taraba and Plateau States; Rev. Jolly Nyame, Joshua Dariye and 157 others with respect to the various offences for which they were convicted and serving various terms of imprisonment. There exists genre of mixed reactions arising from the grant of the pardon largely based on the morality involved. This paper using the doctrinal research methodology appraised the presidential pardon granted by delimiting the confluence between morality and legality and observed that it is very vivid from section 175(1), (2) & (3) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 (as amended), there is no criterion fixed before the discretion is exercised by the President in consultation with the Council of State. The paper concludes that it will serve no good to an accused/defendant to spend a life incarcerated when he can still be useful to himself and the society and recommended that the wide discretionary powers of the President as well as those of the governors need to be checked by constitutional amendments by providing and or listing the factors/criteria that the President in consultation with the Council of State, would have to take into consideration before the exercise of the said pardon.
The article critiques the portrayal image of Prophet Muhammad in William Percy's Mahomet and His Heaven(1601) (Note: 1). The play is marked with anti-Mahomet prejudice expressed in willful attempts to devalue Prophet Muhammad in order to avert the English public from Islam. The story of Haroth and Maroth in the Noble Qur’ān is misused to vilify Islam and its Prophet. Percy pinpoints someunscrupulous and offensive characterization to Prophet Muhammad to blame him for the establishment of a competitive Islamic world to Christendom. Thus, Percy exemplifies the typical Elizabethan sense of the delight in defaming Islam and Prophet Muhammad. Like Percy, some Elizabethan dramatists attacked the religious symbols of the Ottoman Islamic World to defend European Christian values. The Elizabethan hostility and anti-sentiment towards the Ottoman Empire was sceptical to the Islamic multicultural integration. The scenes of Medieval Christian polemical accounts are reproduced in dealing with Islamic theology, fallacy, prophecy,and characterization.
The main research problem of this study is that due to the uncertainties experienced, rationality has been replaced by feelings like morale panic and not all of the precautions will be applied by 55%, although it is known to be 90%. The main purpose of this article, Turkey and all experienced Covidien-19 (Corono virus)from the effects of a new virus in the world, is to examine the sociological basis of the news (reports) in the Turkish media The concepts of "uncertainties", "turning point" and "liminality" in social relations and values, classified by Harrison White (1992), constitute the theoretical basis of this relational sociological study. The research questions, in which the article was sought in the critical analysis of the media, were formed on the basis of this theoretical framework. Uncertainties in social relations and values have been tried to be revealed through political discourse analysis of pictures and messages (Van Dick, 2016). Research findings revealed that the news in the media related to COVID-19virus caused attitudes and behaviors similar to those observed in previous bird flue (2005) and pig flue (2010) outbreaks in Turkey. In other words, while ontological insecurities lead to irrational reactions (morale panic) with the contribution of the media, serious measures , such as curfews of people over 65, are not taken too seriously despite all warnings of the Minister of Health and Science Committee. On the other hand, it can be said that the authoritarian tendencies towards broader measures such as the curfew proclamation in the whole country have increased.
In writing this paper, we have used secondary review methodology to critically analyse home-schooling in Uganda during the two-year COVID-19 school lockdown. This paper has used data from articles, newspapers, government documents and Non-Governmental Organizations reports. The paper begins with a discussion of the history of home-schooling and how countries resorted to home-schooling to curb the spread of corona virus. This is followed by a section that discusses Uganda's COVID-19 response and home-schooling in Uganda during the COVIDD-19 pandemic. Then, is the discussion about the limitations of home-schooling in Uganda. This section shows that much as the government of Uganda implemented a well-intentioned home-schooling program during the two-year school lockdown, most of the children, especially, those from poor families did not benefit because of factors such as lack of access to electronic gadgets, lack of internet, failure to receive self-study materials and lack of parental guidance among other factors. The paper ends with the conclusion that emphasises the view that much as all primary and secondary school-going children received an automatic promotion to the next class when the schools were re-opened in January 2022, the educational inequality between the children of the poor and the rich that was widened during the two-year COVID-19 lockdown will have a long-lasting negative implication on the learning outcomes of, especially, the children from the poor backgrounds.
This study examined the prevalence and the characteristics of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as measured by IES-R, in a sample of 1464 online respondents 4 or more months after the first pandemic wave in Italy. Results. 375 (25.61%) of respondents were probable case of PTSD. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the variables independently associated with PTSD were peritraumatic distress (Adjusted Odds Ratio, AOR 25.69; 95% Confidence Interval, CI 17.96-36.74), have been in quarantine (AOR 3.16; 95%CI 1.94-5.15), have been worried about dying (AOR 2.58; 95%CI 1.74-3.83), female gender (AOR 2.49; 95%CI 1.64-3.78), having used sleep remedies (AOR 2.25; 95%CI 1.549-3.29), feeling shunned by others as a possible source of contagion (AOR 1.92; 95%CI 1.33-2.78), and having tested positive for a COVID-19 (as protection factor) (AOR 0.25; 95%CI 0.08-0.80), after adjusting for age. Conclusions. One in four of people could be a case of PTSD and could have important long-term physical and psychological consequences. The COVID-19 pandemic is connoted as a "trauma" that can favor the development of a PTSD, which if not treated in addition to psychological, social and occupational distress, could cause in the long term, biological damage. It is therefore important to recognize the symptoms of PTSD for early diagnosis and timely treatment chosen from those that have also been shown to be effective in promoting neurogenesis.
Background Pandemic infectious diseases cause morbidity and deaths to increase over time globally. Corona virus disease-19 (Covid-19) is an infectious disease found in China in Wuhan City, and spread very quickly to Indonesia and Papua Province. The purpose of this study was to determine limitations of the rural health services, and assessment of the pregnant mothers in the pandemic covid-19 Papua Province of Indonesian. Methods The cross sectional study design, is a type of research to see the relationship between the limitations of rural health services, according to the assessment pregnant mothers in the pandemic covid-19 Papua Province. Jayapura City and Jayapura Regency research sites, which represents all Cities/Regencies in Papua Province. The population is all pregnant mothers in Jayapura City and Jayapura Regency. The samples was 89 pregnant mothers living in rural areas. Data analysis using the Chi-Square test (χ2). Results The limitation of integrated health service post was very less 38,2% and very good 22,5%. The community health center is very less 41,6% and good 22,5%. Hospitals are very less 31,5% and very good 25,8%. The practice of doctors / midwife is less 30,3% and very good 31,5%. The limitations of antenatal care were very less 38,2% and good 22,5%. The limitation treatment of the sick pregnant mothers was 39,3% and good 22,5%. The prevalence covid-19 rural is very high 40,4% and low 20,2%. Assessment of the significant pregnant mothers with prevalence covid-19 of rural, the limitations of integrated health service posts, community health centers, hospitals, doctor/midwife practices, limitations in pregnant mothers, and limitations of treatment for sick pregnant mothers. Conclusion The adverse effects of the pandemic covid-19 are increasing day by day, the provincial government of Papua implements health protocols to protect the public, in other parts of pregnant mothers who don't suffer from corona virus, but suffering from other illnesses and wanting to visit a health service unit is limited.
The expanding improvement of data innovation and communication has delivered a wide impact on commerce processes. The Web has made it conceivable to reach universal markets as the foremost successful means of electronic showcasing or marketing with worldwide scope. Be that as it may, in Ghana, numerous companies were ignorant of the need of utilizing different showcasing and online promoting strategies and their impacts on companies' circumstances until basic circumstances such as this so-called pandemic. This article looks at the definitions and standards of showcasing and online deals, e-commerce, their pros and cons to thrust companies and teach to utilize this kind of marketing and business. This ponder demonstrates that this sort of promoting and exchange as a vital and competitive advantage has contributed altogether to deals development and expanded the share of the inner and outside market share to Ghanaian companies within the competitive age. With the expanding world competition and the predominance of the Coronavirus, get to worldwide markets has gotten to be more complicated, and the require for modern worldwide devices and strategies can be of incredible offer assistance in this respect. The shrewd utilize of e-commerce innovation can offer assistance Ghanaian companies move forward exchange proficiency, make more dynamic cooperation within the worldwide exchange field and offer assistance fortify the country’s position on territorial and worldwide markets.
It is no longer news that Covid-19 pandemic has become a major public health issue around the world and affected day to day activities of public life. Medical experts around the world were overwhelmed by the Covid-19 virus outbreak and for a long time were unable to provide a vaccine or any pharmaceutical treatment. Countries were therefore forced to adopt unprecedented Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) measures to mitigate the spread and impact of the virus. These measures which are non-pharmacological includes, social distancing, social isolation, lockdown, constant washing of hands, wearing of face mask and protective gloves etc. However, these measures aimed at protecting the health care systems, have had some side effects on the health and well-being of older adults. In this letter, we have highlighted social distancing as the main challenge and a paradox for older peoples wellbeing during the Covid-19 pandemic outbreak. The merits of the IPC measures notwithstanding, its long and short term consequences for the mental health of older adults calls for concern. Among other recommendations, professionals of ageing and geriatrics are recommended to help set a balance in IPC measures and mental health of older people in this Covid-19 era.
The outbreak of COVID -19 was unforeseen and it forced all the Saudi universities to close the campuses and launch online teaching. This paper focused on challenges envisioned in online teaching using Blackboard system. Analytical and descriptive methods of quantitative research was used to analyse and describe the challenges and perceptions of the faculty with regard to online teaching on blackboard, anticipating that the results would form a basis to improvise online teaching in post corona era. The sample of the study constituted 25 faculty members of the Department of English, Samtah University College, Jazan University. A closed and open-ended questionnaire was used to assess the challenges of the university faculty with regard to online teaching and online training program on blackboard. In online teaching, the faculty require digital skills, tools, and instructional strategies than in a conventional face-to-face classroom teaching. They should collaborate with each other working hands-on to integrate online teaching with instructional strategies and find effective ways to support the success of online students. It is important to note that students should be relieved from anxiety and ensured that they would actively engage themselves in online learning. Summing up this research study, the researcher has observed from the analysis of the faculty questionnaire, that the faculty were ready to accept the change from the conventional mode of teaching to modern day online teaching in the post corona era, assuming that technological issues involved are properly taken care of.
As a result of the global crisis caused by the coronavirus outbreak in late December 2019, Iran was also severely affected. The three provinces of Tehran, Mazandaran, and Gillan were high-risk cities exposed to infection and grievously damaged. Therefore, we decided to look at the level of knowledge, depth of attitude, and quality of physicians' practice in these three provinces. The most significant goal was to assess the level of KAP relative to the COVID-19 virus to provide comprehensive information to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the treatment staff to better cope and more effectively prevent and control critical situations. For research methodology, a cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 300 people using a self-made questionnaire. An online questionnaire via virtual networks and a paper questionnaire were also distributed by the principal author in medical hospitals, which included four sections: demographic information, knowledge, attitude, and practice. Cronbach's alpha confirmed the validity and reliability of each component. The final results prove that the knowledge of physicians was acceptable and significant at the level of 0.05. Physicians' attitudes showed a level of fear and anxiety that was significant according to a one-sample t-test and chi-square (Sig <0.05). In order to rank the physicians' practice, a T-test was used, and the results of the Friedman test in the first stage of the Chi-square test showed that the significance level is 0.05. Looking at the research results, it can be said that the development of educational programs can have a beneficial effect in increasing physicians' knowledge and controlling the disease as effectively as possible. Also, due to the attitude associated with stress and fear, it can be seen that providing laboratory and treatment equipment has been one of the concerns of physicians.
Health is a resource for daily existence and wellbeing. Mental, social, emotional, spiritual, psychological and physical health constitute an overall essence of that well-being. The COVID-19 epidemic has had a profoundly negative impact on women, children, and society as a whole by causing unfathomable loss, grief, pain, and solitude. The pandemic has pushed many families into poverty and exacerbated conditions of inequality with women and children exposed to violence and other deprivation which deeply impacted on their mental health. The study employed the use of content analysis of secondary sources of data, and the social stress, social model and general strain theories constituting the theoretical framework for examining the subject under investigation. The findings of the study demonstrated that the prevalence of mental disorders among women and children is rising, with serious human rights and socio-economic repercussions as a result of poverty and gender inequality. Furthermore, the majority of those suffering from mental health issues are unable to get the crucial medical and social care they need. The study's recommendation emphasized the need to address issues of poverty, inequality, and gender inequality as well as make sure that Nigeria's national and sustainable development policies and programmes must address the serious mental health problems that women and children currently face as well as those that will arise after the post-Covid-19 era.
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted Pakistan’s educational sector and has induced higher education institutions (HEIs) to adopt risk management strategies to mitigate the spread of the COVID-19 virus. This study analyzes the risk management strategies employed by Pakistani higher education during COVID-19. The study employed semi-structured interviews, and the qualitative data was collected with objective findings and subjective interviews from 20 respondents working in different academic and administrative positions. This study identifies the challenges the HEIs face to maintain quality education while implementing control measures to maintain health and safety, cope with the shift to online learning, and continuously monitor mitigating measures on campus. In addition, the study provides recommendations based on the challenges perceived by the higher education institutions to implement better risk management strategies, including research-based education, staff training and sensitization, and strict control measures. Lastly, the study provides future directions that suggest analyzing the risk management processes followed by different HEIs around the globe.
This study aims to evaluate the impact of Covid-19 pandemic on the business performance in Tra Vinh province, Viet Nam and suggests a feasible policy to overcome the challenges in the coming time. By collecting secondary data from the surveyed results report, the authors evaluate the impacts of Covid-19 on the business performance in Tra Vinh province via two surveys announced by Tra Vinh Statistical Office in April 2020 and September 2020; at the same time, by the method of evaluation, comparison and analysis, the current affairs and business activities of Tra Vinh province in the Covid-2019 pandemic period will also be effectively assessed; the effects of the epidemic on the business activities of the local enterprises. At the same time, we propose the implications of policies in the coming time, towards the dual goal of "Preventing of pandemic and ensuring the economic growth in Tra Vinh Province".
Events suffer from severe impacts of COVID-19 restrictions on mass gatherings. The industry shifts to digital environment to sustain. However, virtual events’ limitation is multi-dimensional interaction resulting in consumer experience and satisfaction. Therefore, the effectiveness of virtual events is questioned. Key themes of COVID-19 impacts on the event industry and virtual event environment are review. Then, a conceptual model on event experience is applied as the theoretical framework of this research. This research is guided by the constructivism approach. Using qualitative methods and a semi-structured questionnaire, six interviews were conducted to exploit narratives on virtual event interaction and attendee experience. Data are analyzed according to three key themes of pre-, during-, and post-event experience. The incompletion of five senses in virtual event design restrains interpersonal interaction which negatively affect attendee experience. Some practices are recommended to increase virtual event’s effectiveness, including virtual avatars, three-dimensional projection, and hybrid events. Experience on virtual events is negative due to low degree of interpersonal interaction. Various application of virtual reality technology is suggested to improve effectiveness. Despite some limitations, this research has expanded the literature of virtual events.
The COVID-19 pandemic led to the abrupt transition from the traditional face-to-face instruction to distance learning. Although Web-based and computer-mediated learning continues to be scrutinized because of the long-believed perception that it is inferior to face-to-face instruction, the wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic has led University leaders to make online learning mandatory. Despite the rapid growth of Web-based/online instruction in higher education, many faculties do not see the potential of Web-based instruction in improving student learning and achievement This paper seeks to investigate students’ perception of synchronous, asynchronous, and face-to-face instruction during the distance-learning phase of education and the implications for public policy. the study employed a quantitative research design. The participants for this study were graduate and undergraduate student groups enrolled in public four-year institutions of higher learning. assess student perceptions of effective learning environments across the dimensions of synchronous online instruction with SOIV, asynchronous online instruction, and face-to-face instruction. The rationale behind this research was based on an assessment of the elements of quality instruction found throughout the dimensions of SOIV, asynchronous online instruction, and face-to-face instruction. The results show that students would prefer asynchronous online learning environments rather than SOIV.
This paper provides an overview of some of the key economic impacts of COVID-19 on business practice, especially in the U.S. In particular, we synthesize some of the latest research, findings and developments from various academic literature and business sources to provide a managerial perspective of the effects of this pandemic. In addition, we show some characteristics of the so-called “new normal” and what kind of innovative business opportunities could arise as a result of the fundamental changes in the global economy. We conclude by highlighting how some emerging countries like India could tap into such opportunities despite the dire global situation.
Media representations of the Covid-19 pandemic and its devastating consequences have shaped people’s fears, anxiety, and perceptions of vulnerability. Social scientists have examined the consequences of how information is “framed.” Framing theory asserts that issues can be portrayed differently by emphasizing or de-emphasizing aspects and information. According to Lakoff (2004) the impact of a message is not based on what is said but how it is said. Theories of framing focus on how the media frames issues, which then structure and shape attitudes and policies. A news article serves as a frame for an intended message. This paper examines the ways that “age” has been framed during the Covid-19 pandemic. One of the most dominant frames in terms of COVID-19 coverage is how the pandemic has been analyzed through the lens of age and framed in terms of age discrimination. The results of news articles appearing in several prominent newspapers indicate that the perceptions of elders and their vulnerabilities to severe consequences from Covid-19 are likely to help perpetuate or create age discrimination.
Introduction: Covid-19 is an infectious disease. Matrix that is often used to identify transmission of infectious diseases dynamics is Basic Reproduction Number (R0). R0 is influenced by 3 parameters there are transmissibility (τ), average contact (c) and duration of infectiousness (d). Transmissibility and duration of infectiousness are constant values. The value of R0 will fluctuate if the rate of human interaction varies. The value of social contact different in every country. In Indonesia, there are no studies that discuss the value of social contact. Therefore researchers aims to find out these values and determine their effect on the spread of Covid-19. Method: This research was a descriptive observational study. Aims of the study is evaluate the pattern of social contact associated with the spread of covid-19. Data was collected using POLYMOD questionnaire that distributed via google form. The research sample was Indonesian people who were reached by distributing questionnaires. The data obtained then analyzed using the SPSS program to find the frequency distribution, mean of social contact and logistic regression analysis. Results: From this study, 6464 contacts were obtained from 1032 respondents with average number of contacts 6.26 and R0 2.191. Conclusion: The higher of contact value the higher risk of transmission. The R0 value obtained is 2.191, so one infected person might be able to transmit it to two other people around them. Individuals who are most at risk for transmission is male with low education levels and students.
Literature has demonstrated the adaptive function of identity development and family context toward manifestation of problem behaviors in adolescence. The present research investigates: a) the influence of dysfunctional family dynamics on the Internet use; b) the impact that psychological and physical sensations - following excessive Internet use - can have on the quality of family relationships. The research involved 150 Italian students (65 males and 85 females) aged between 14 and 20 years (M =15.99, S.D = 1.94). The research lasted for 1 school year. Participants completed: an anamnestic questionnaire; the Family Assessment Device (FAD) in order to value the family functioning; and a self-report constructed ad hoc questionnaire, named “Adolescents and Digital Technologies” to measure frequency of use of social networks and Internet, the motivation for the use of social networks, the physical and psychological sensation perceived following their use. Data show the influence of gender and age on the general use of Internet; the influence of gender on psychological and physical sensations experienced by adolescent participants while using the Internet; and the predictive role of the family emotional involvement on Internet use. Family is a context for learning models and values that affect the wider social and regulatory context, and for this reason it is considered the privileged context in which to intervene to reduce behavioral problems of adolescents.
American news media have become more diverse, siloed, and politically polarized in recent decades, leading Americans with increasingly varied news consumption patterns to receive disparate information. In addition, the accessibility of social media platforms to unreliable users has resulted in misinformation-sharing on many online platforms. This project aims to elucidate the origins of individuals’ COVID-19 pro- and anti-health behaviors — particularly in the context of their news and information consumption — by investigating relationships between self-reported exposure to true and false statements about COVID-19, belief in such statements, and COVID-19 pro- and anti-health behaviors. Furthermore, the effects of primary news sources, time spent on social media, and demographics on these variables were analyzed. COVID-19 statements were drawn from the C.D.C., W.H.O., and public polls by Pew Research Center. To collect data, a 27-question survey was distributed to 250 panelists from the general U.S. population. Relationships between pairs of variables were analyzed using chi-square tests, which showed that exposure to COVID-19 statements had a significant (P < 0.05) effect on belief in statements, exposure to true statements had a significant effect on COVID-19 health behavior scores, and belief in statements had a significant effect on health behavior scores. In addition, time spent on social media, age, and political affiliation, had significant effects on these variables. This project adds to the growing body of research on the effects of information sources on health behaviors and sheds light on the genesis of COVID-19 pro- and anti-health behaviors.
The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes a severe hazard: not only to human health but also to the economy on both a national and a global level. The pandemic has particularly affected the event industry, which relies on mass gatherings. This research aims to analyse the impact of COVID-19 on the event industry and propose best practices for virtual events in terms of attendee engagement. A qualitative research approach was applied to generate insights from industry experts in real contexts in Vietnam. The study drew on interviewees with four participants engaged in virtual events: two from the event industry, and two from the education sector. This research focuses on three key elements to enhance the level of attendee engagement in virtual events: the four realms of experience, storytelling and attendee objectives when joining a given event. The study also highlights the relationships among these three critical elements while offering theoretical contributions and suggesting best practices.
The present corpus-based study is devoted precisely to this aspect, investigating, specifically, which are the most used adjectives in a corpus of medical and biology texts dedicated to Covid-19 (CORD-19 corpus), and comparing the data obtained with a corpus of general scientific academic texts available on Sketch Engine (DOAJ corpora - Open Access Journals corpora- English), in order to verify any quantitative and qualitative differences in the frequency and use of qualifying adjectives in the two different text types.
On 20thMarch, 2020 because of vide spread of COVID-19, the individuals were advised for isolation at home considering the lockdown of educational institutes. This caused economic barren and lack of learning and knowledge globally. As a result, Pakistan was at the top level worldwide for closure of schools during CORONA virus (COVID-19).For elimination of its adverse effects, The Government of Pakistan rapidly started effective strategies. The development and implementation of different tools for students to facilitate in their studies proved a great milestone for PGC. Microsoft teams for online lectures, recorded lectures, video audio conversations between students and teachers, special test system to gain competitive edge managed the situation during this COVID 19.
Coronavirus disease-19 (Covid-19), has become a pandemic and spread very quickly, reaching Indonesia and Papua Province. Impact covid-19, apparently influenced public health services, especially in a woman. A cross-sectional study design, to describe differences limitations in the pregnant mother's health services urban and rural. Jayapura City and Jayapura Regency research sites. The sample was 90 pregnant mothers living in urban areas, and 90 pregnant mothers living in rural areas. Data analysis using Paired samples t-test. There were differences between urban and rural pandemics covid-19 (p-value = 0.020), there are limitations post integrated services health of the urban and rural (p-value = 0.049), community health centers urban and rural(p-value = 0.026), hospital health services urban and rural (p-value = 0.041), doctor/midwife health practices urban and rural (p-value = 0.019), antenatal care urban and rural (p-value = 0.000), and health services sick pregnant mothers for urban and rural (p-value = 0,000). Confirmation of covid-19 patients has increased, community compliance with implementing health protocols is low, it is increasingly difficult to break the chain of coronavirus transmission in the community, and health service units are limited to pregnant women in Papua Province.
Medical image has always been a long-term topic in social life, through questionnaires and personal interviews to investigate the role of news reports on the reconstruction of medical image before and after the epidemic. Through the investigation, it can be found that the media has played a certain intermediary role and positive guiding role in the alleviation of doctor-patient relationship and the shaping of medical portrayals; some metaphorical discourse descriptions in news reports can achieve better communication effect; through a variety of reporting forms and attribute agenda settings, the media enriches the foreground image of doctors and indirectly shapes the social image of doctors.
Introduction: Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a transitional stage between the expected cognitive decline of normal aging and the more serious decline of dementia. Research interest focuses on the protection of this transition, through a combination of therapeutic interventions. Μaterials and Methods: 45 individuals with MCI who were followed up by the interdisciplinary team of our Memory School attended an online remote educational program that consisted of a series of cognitive and occupational therapy interventions designed to maintain their cognitive, executive, motor and emotional skills during the COVID-19 period. At baseline and at twelve-month follow-up all patients underwent several neuropsychological tests that included the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Functional Cognitive Assessment Scale (FUCAS), the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Functional Rating Scale of Symptoms of Dementia (FRRSD). Also, the Barthel Index scale and the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test were utilized to assess functionality and mobility, respectively. Results: Within twelve months participants’ performance did not change significantly (MoCA; p=0.908, MMSE; p=0.625, FUCAS; p=0.782; GDS; p=0.218, FRSSD; p=0.18, Barthel Index; p=0.317, TUG; p=0.68). Results confirmed the hypothesis that cognitive, executive, motor and behavioral skills can be maintained through an online educational protocol during the COVID-19 lockdown period. Conclusions: It is proposed that similar educational protocols should be included in the design of strategic directions in the field of healthcare in MCI and dementia, especially in health crisis situations.
The Covid-19 pandemic has negatively affected human life. Indonesia Government issued policy on SFH (Study from Home) to respond this situation. This research tried to find out the effectiveness of implementation of that policy on the students both in state and private Junior High Schools (SMP), Senior High Schools (SMA), and Vocational High Schools (SMK). Data was collected from the distributed closed-ended and open-ended questions to 180 students in City of Serang, Banten Province, Indonesia. The scores ranged from minimum 1.00 as Very Poor and 5.00 as Very Good. The implementation of SFH resulted Mean score 2.7911, which was in Fair category. The independent T-Test with probability value 0.05 showed that there were no differences on performances of the school groups, except between the Junior High School (SMP) and Senior High School (SMA) with Vocational High School (SMK). The dominant problems were less various learning design, non-interactive learning, too much assignment, less optimum learning on practical courses for students of Vocational School, less experienced teacher in distance learning, less assistance by parents, and cost for using social media. To sum up, distance-learning SFH was not effectively executed for there were technical problems related to the unpreparedness of the stakeholders, including the government. It is recommended that the implementation of SFH is made lesson learned as the input to design the education providence in new normal era including methods, management, and funding.
Advanced digital technology has produced modern visual technology tools named Augmented Reality (ART), which can integrate virtual reality objects within the real environment. Current studies have proven that AR technologies can enhance teaching and learning practices in higher education. While university learners have become more digitally savvy to support their learning, this is not the case with many faculty members using technology to enhance their teaching practice. The factors that can affect academic staff to use of ART as pedagogical tools are still unclear. this study aims to investigate the potential factors that can influence academic members' decision to adopt ART to support students learning, using the decomposed theory of planned behavior (DTPB) model as a theoretical framework. A survey was conducted, and 851 usable responses from participants were received in total. Additional results indicated that most of the potential factors can have a strong influence on faculty members' behaviour to use ART. The research model fitted the data and supported most hypotheses. Thus, these factors are crucial for universities to integrate ART to enhance the educational environment. Keywords: Augmented Reality, teaching and learning, pandemic period.
Pandemic coronavirus disease -2019 (COVID-19) resulted in various aspects of the life of Indonesian people, including aspects of defense and security. The defense state classifies threats into military threats, nonmilitary, and combined or hybrid threats. The epidemic of COVID-19 is a non - military threat with a public safety dimension against the national defense. The bureaucracy that has not been properly integrated, sectoral egos, and negative news about the pandemic have become obstacles in the handling of the COV ID-19 pandemic by the Government of Indonesia. This research aims to analyze the simple handling of the pandemic COVID-19 by the Indonesian Government from the perspective of nonmilitary defense principles. This becomes important to unravel and minimize the obstacles faced so that subsequent handling will be more effective and efficient. This paper uses descriptive analysis with a qualitative approach and a literature study. With the theory principles of defense strategy of nonmilitary, the author is looking at steps undertaken by Indonesia Government in handling the pandemic COVID-19. The principle of unity of command, coordination principle, the principle of anticipation, and the principle of transparency still need to be improved in a concrete way so that the handling of the pandemic COVID-19 is effective and efficient, could be reached. Building synergies and integrity policymakers consistently and continuously, inevitability to improve the defense state ability in the face of threats, military, nonmilitary and hybrid threats
Narrative health is a technique that healthcare professionals can use to connect with patients. The events of 2020, including the global severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), have identified that patient care is largely dependent upon relationships within the healthcare environment. Relationships in the healthcare environment are established through a trusting exchange between the patient and provider, and one technique to develop this relationship and trust is through narrative health. Narrative health provides the exchange of information between patient and provider in a discussion-like manner, or narrative health. This strategy promotes cultural competence amongst the healthcare professional team and improves communication between the patient and provider. Narrative health is an important concept for healthcare professionals to understand, and narrative health should be a part of any healthcare professional’s toolbox, especially in vulnerable times like the COVID pandemic. The inclusion of narrative health in practice has the potential to improve patient outcomes and empower healthcare professionals and patients.
Although the Government put protocols in place to minimize the spread of COVID-19, it remains the community’s obligation to adhere to the protocols and drive reform. It is the community’s responsibility to communicate succinctly and elegantly all the protocols in a morally unobjectionable manner. It is however a community-based problem although it is a worldwide pandemic to be fought holistically. Unless an individual community understands the impact of COVID-19 in the community, community members would hardly understand its impact in the entire community. If community members could heed the super spreading ways, almost all community members would advise one another on the best ways to mitigate the spread of this pandemic. The transformation brought about by community itself would result the transformation of each community member. Community leadership remains responsible to advocate this community education. The researcher adopted an Ethnographic Research Approach to provide an in-depth description of community members towards adhering to the protocols in place for minimizing the spread of this horrifying and deadly disease. The researcher employed qualitative technique for the collection of data. The responses of the community members were audio recorded and transcribed by the researcher and then analyzed for presentation as a report.
Chinese successful campaign against the COVID-19 disease has its roots of Chinese cultural psychology. The characteristics of Chinese cultural psychology, such as unremitting self-improvement, social commitment, people-oriented thoughts, collectivism, positive attribution and self-reflection, responsibility and dedication, etc, have provided spiritual support and inexhaustible power for China to overcome this disease. It is the reasons that we should further enhance our cultural confidence, vigorously carry forward and develop China's fine traditional culture, and actively carry out Chinese cultural psychological education.
Almost all the countries of the world have witnessed the outbreak of a global health pandemic known as COVID-19 like never before. This pandemic has negatively impacted the economic, health, social, and overall well-being of humanity. The framing analysis approach allows scholars to explore the media’s roles in developing health, economic, political, social, and cultural issues facing society daily. Besides, framing entails an interplay between leading social values and the efforts to tinker with them. This study explored what aspects of framing approaches the major newspapers have created for their readership in Nigeria in understanding the COVID-19 health pandemic that has rattled the entire world since January 2020. The research findings revealed that the six selected newspapers amplified coverage of the pandemic using the frames of economic issues, public healthcare crisis, health workers strike, and corruption with different ferocity and salience. It was also found that the dominant news frames approaches of economic issues, corruption, and public healthcare crisis received negative tone coverage across all the sampled papers at varying degrees. The tone approaches used in framing the COVID-19 pandemic in the selected newspapers were positive, negative, and neutral tones, which are possibly rooted in their editorial policies and political beliefs.
This study examines how the Covid 19 Teaching practice contexts elicited the intended professional development principles among the PGCEs’ and BEDS’ four 2020 cohorts at the University of Eswatini. The pedagogical knowledge interaction scheme theoretical framework was used to unpack related concepts. The participants, 23 were sampled through purposive stratified sampling. The semi-semi structured questionnaires and classroom observations were used to collect data. Content analysis was used as a data collecting and analysing tool to analyse and describe the pedagogical discourses within the classroom and institutional contexts. The finding indicated that the mismatch subject arrangement undermined the production of specialised knowledge and alienated some students from their professional engagement and, stifled students’ capabilities to engage into self-reflection. Covid 19 pandemic created complex educational contexts in which incongruent messages related to the fundamental principles of teaching practices were communicated and reinforced. It is concluded that Covid 19 contexts presented a challenge of considerable complexity for the 2020 teaching practice and denied the Trainees the opportunity to learn from experienced teachers or mentors. It is recommended that Coordinators should embrace Covid 19 dynamics in their planning and implementation to protect the teaching practice principles. Key words: Covid 19 contexts, Teaching practice principles
As has been verified, those who spend more time playing video games are children and adolescents. The lockdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic increased the prolonged use of video games in this population. In this context it is possible to observe some risks of this use, one of them the symptoms of gaming disorder (GD). The objective of this study is to analyze video game habits and the possible impacts on children - aged between 7 and 10 years – gaming for more than 4 hours daily during confinement - the lockdown was announced on March 14, 2020 and lasted approximately three months.- in Spain. Likewise, this study examines how families have acted after the detection of possible dependencies. According to the (10) families interviewed, the children have modified their routines, changed their mood, their symbolic games and –some of them– developed a clear dependency on the screen(s). Faced with this reality, the majority of the families created various strategies in order to modify these new habits and reduce the exposition to video games; others they decided to contact professionals to receive some assistance with their children’s behavior. The lack of knowledge of families about the use of video games is observed in three specific areas: first, knowing if it is an appropriate game for their child's age; second, set time limits; finally in being able to evaluate the dependency to the game. Based on the results, the study of video games in children requires the development of broader, complex and coherent approaches that focuses on the intra-family experience and parents’ skills to be with their children in this context. In addition, approaches that include spaces for the effective education of families about video games, including workshops and tools represent a clear need that could be addressed from schools or related institutions.
Pilgrimage tourism involves the physical traveling of pilgrims to a specific place of rituals. Pilgrimage as a distant journey has immense contributions to the sustainable development of tourism destinations until recently. The emergence of the Covid-19 crisis introduced some socio-cultural and religious changes through virtual pilgrimage (VP). VP is a type of pilgrimage that limits the physical presence of pilgrims to the place of rituals. Although VP reduces the spread of Covid-19 infections, it limits the sustainable development of socio-cultural benefits of biodiversity. For example, it reduces the aesthetic values of natural ecosystems and aboriginal relationships with the pilgrims. Previous studies on pilgrimage tourism have neglected the socio-cultural impacts of VP on tourism destinations during the Covid-19 crisis, preferring to focus instead on tourism development and types of pilgrimage. This emphasis could be critical if not well addressed. This study explored the negative impacts of VP on the socio-cultural dimensions of biodiversity and religious activities of selected pilgrimage destinations during the Covid-19 crisis using primary and secondary data. Findings from stage one suggested that VP introduces socio-cultural and economic changes such as a decrease in arrivals, pilgrim’s well-being, and job opportunities. Stage two analysis confirmed the findings. The study also discussed the limitations and future studies.
Beginning December 2019 in Wuhan in China’s Hubei province, Coronavirus (Covid -19) has overwhelmed the healthcare systems and affecting education, travels, events and the economies worldwide. Governments all over have taken or bracing themselves to take extraordinary measures to contain the threat. In some countries, the measures taken to contain the epidemic appear as putting the nation under a state of siege. Some governments are adapting rather extreme measures – complete lock-down of the cities, the provinces and even the country itself, school closures, travel ban, cancellation of flights. Questions are being asked about how much freedom we are prepared to give up, for how long and onto whose hands? The paper argues that with threats and vulnerabilities transcending national boundaries and challenging most advanced knowledge and information systems in this era of intense globalization, the need for harsh and often draconian measures can hardly be over emphasized. At the same time there could be problems and unwelcome consequences in putting too much power in the hands of the governments dealing with the threat for an indefinite period of time. In view of this, the securitization framework as put forth by the Copenhagen School could be a better tool to deal with situations of unexpected crises such as what SARS epidemic proved it to be or what Covid-19 would inevitably entail
Pharmaceutical sales representatives are a pivotal workforce in the healthcare system. Due to the global impact of COVID-19, the impact on the psyche and morale of the pharmaceutical sales workforce has to be examined. The primary objective of the study was to assess the possible impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the psyche and productivity of the pharmaceutical sales workforce in Nigeria. A questionnaire-guided cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from pharmaceutical sales personnel across the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria using purposive sampling. The final sample was 225. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 25. Descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation were used for demographic data. Cluster analysis was used to identify key demographic predictors of importance. X2 test was used to test the association between the sociodemographic characteristics of respondents and work-attributes. The difference of means was determined with a t-test. Highest and lowest-ranked work-attributes were information provider (3.62±1.36), and involvement in COVID screening activities (1.80±1.20). Average daily work hours before and during COVID-19 lockdown (2.16±0.04 vs. 1.88±0.11, p<0.05)) were affected. Average sales were significantly affected (3.15±0.48 vs. 1.35±0.36, p<0.0001). Psychological states of Anxiety and Increased burden have a medium to high impact on the psyche of respondents. The study revealed an association of both extremes of pessimism and optimism with regards to Frustration state of mind. Study suggests an overall negative impact on pharmaceutical sales representatives’ psyche and productivity. Attention to sales workforce welfare is required to safeguard medicine supply.
More than 95 percent of those who lost their lives as a result of the spread of the Covid-19 virus to the world since the beginning of 2020 are over the age of 60 (WHO, 2020). The main purpose of this article is to reveal the vital difficulties of the 65-75 age group in Turkey, who were quarantined due to the Covid-19 pandemic, as a result of deprivation of their former normal lives and how they overcame them. The theoretical starting point of this study is the relational sociologist H. White and his “uncertainty” classification. In the study, Grounded Theory Methodology was chosen as one of the qualitative research approaches and open, axial and selective codings were made as a requirement of this. In this context, interviews were made with 12 individuals from the 65-75 age group and the data were presented in figures. As a result of open, axial and selective coding, the core concept of the study was determined as "solidarity". In accordance with the grounded theory, at the end of the study, the "solidarity process" was narrated using the "river" metaphor.
This study was conducted to identify new trends in the consumer behaviour in Vietnam under the impact of the Covid 19 epidemic. The pandemic has impacted many aspects of working, communication, and contacting. This has also changed purchasing habits such as product preferences and the way of buying things. The changes in consumer behaviour in the Vietnam market have similar characteristics to the world market but still have their own characteristics. Therefore, the aim of this study is to find out these changes and suggest implications for businesses to better meet consumer demands as well as contribute to building positive experiences in shopping during the pandemic. In addition, the study also impresses the significance of having more studies about the impact of Covid 19 on consumers to have more thoughtful understand about the market in Vietnam
Entrepreneurship education (EE) can increase students’ entrepreneurial skills and intention but research results and experience show that entrepreneurship education still pursues conservative models, rather than forward-looking ones. The COVID-19 pandemic influenced all types and levels of education and training including entrepreneurship one. The article suggests several measures to be taken, also social ones, as a result of COVID-19 and how entrepreneurship education can be improved in order to support innovations and to be available for all. Advantages of an interdisciplinary perspective in EE and of mentoring as well as contribution of disruptive innovations at EE improvement are presented. An example of a European project in this context with contribution of the author and conclusions are given.
This paper has used secondary review methodology to explore the link between COVID-19 pandemic and increased violence against women in Uganda. Data from articles, newspapers, government documents and Non-Governmental Organizations reports have been used in coming up with this paper. The paper begins with a general discussion of violence against women at a global level and in Uganda. This is followed by the discussion of how disasters and pandemics expose women and girls to physical, sexual, emotional and psychological violence. A discussion on how COVID-19 pandemic is to some extent similar to the earlier disasters such as Ebola in causing a spike in violence against women has also been made. This is, partly, due to associated lockdowns and other preventive measures that confine women in the same household with the abusers and prevent them from seeking help. It has also been shown that COVID-19 pandemic diverted governments’ effort from violence against women and led to other social, economic and psychological stresses linked to violence. The paper has further shown that before COVID-19 pandemic struck, Uganda was regarded as a country with one of the highest cases of violence against women. How this violence has been amplified by COVID-19 pandemic has been discussed in this paper. Finally, the paper has recommended a multi-sectoral approach to addressing violence against women and the need for including violence against women in the future plans against pandemics.