Archeomatica

Journal description

Archeomatica è una nuova rivista multidisciplinare, stampata in Italia, dedicata alla presentazione e alla diffusione di metodologie avanzate, tecnologie emergenti e tecniche per la conoscenza, la documentazione, salvaguardia, conservazione e valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale.

RG Journal Impact: 0.11 *

*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.

RG Journal impact history

2019Available summer 2020
2017 / 20180.11
20160.45

Additional details

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Websitehttp://mediageo.it/ojs/index.php/archeomatica/index
Website description
ISSN2037-2485

Publications in this journal

p>La chiesa-cripta di S. Margherita, situata lungo la strada che collega la città di Melfi (PZ) con Rapolla, fu scoperta e illustrata dal Guarini nel 1899. Il santuario, che oggi si presenta in tutta la sua forma rupestre, è ad unica navata, interamente scavato nel tufo vulcanico, ed è fiancheggiato da quattro cappelle voltate a botte di diversa profondità. La chiesa presenta, oggi, un complesso ciclo di affreschi che ricoprono tutte le pareti, tranne le due cappelle vicine alla zona absidale. Tra queste si evidenzia la rappresentazione del ‘Contrasto tra i vivi e i morti’. The Hypogeal Church of Santa Margherita in Melfi The crypt-church of S. Margherita, located along the road between Melfi (PZ) and the town of Rapolla, was firstly discovered and describedby Guarini in 1899. The sanctuary nowadays presents its original rocky form, has a single nave, is entirely curved in volcanic tuffand is flanked by four barrel vaulted chapels with different depth. At present the church shows a complex cycle of frescoes entirely covering the walls, except the two chapels near the apsidal zone. Among the representations it should be noted the ‘Contrasto tra ivivi e i morti’.</p
p>L'analisi simbolica e fisica di alcune statuette di argilla di Siria e di Mesopotamia datate al IV, al III e al II millennio a. C., sta conducendo ad importanti risultati preliminari che ne evidenziano la natura ideografica e compositiva. Questi reperti della cosiddetta 'cultura materiale' rappresentano una sorta di mimesi che potrebbe anche conservare alcuni valori cognitivi ed estetici della vita quotidiana. ‘From the creation’s material’ to the first automation techniques A microscope analysis on the archaic Mesopotamian miniature clay world The paper focus on the symbolic and physical analysis of some Mesopotamian clay fi gurines dated to the IV and III Millennium B.C. The preliminary results obtained on some unedited Ebla Clay Figurines (ECF) outlines the technological chaîne opératoire of this production and its ‘ideographic’ compositional nature. These artefacts called ‘material culture’ were both a conscious human imita-tion of sacred and royal images of power and an probably intuitive ‘interpretation’ of their social role; in other words, they represent a kind of mimesis that could also preserve some cognitive and a probably aesthetic values of the daily life as archetypes.</p
p>La diagnostica strumentale in situ ha acquistato, da circa un ventennio, un ruolo determinante nella fase di defi nizione progettuale del restauro architettonico soprattutto conservativo; molto meno diffusa è invece la pratica della sua applicazione in corso o a fi ne d’opera, per verifi care la corretta esecuzione o la validazione degli interventi proposti. L’articolo riporta il caso studio di una campagna diagnostica ex post, realizzata presso alcune coperture lignee di Palazzo Da Varano a Camerino (MC). Integrated investigations for monitoring of architectural restoration: the case of a wooden roof of Palazzo Da Verano in Camerino (MC) The restoration of architectural structure, especially in recent years, has seen an implementation of sensitivity of professionals and practitioners to potentialities of in situ non-destructive diagnostics, especially in reference to possibility of assessment of behavioral characteristics and determination of pathological conditions of ma-terials and technological components of historical buildoings, espe-cially of monumental character, and this partly due to entry into force of, although discussed, NNTC'08. However, if the diagnostics has become quite popular even in cur-rent practice of architectural restoration of not signifi cant build-ings, this generally appears to turn fi rst to deserve an evaluating support preventative and predictive, si aimed to assist during the planning; more rare instead is to use diagnostic technologies in order to evaluate the successful implementation and ongoing correspond-ence with directions of the project, and even more sporadic is to use NDT in summary phase, in order to realize a ex post monitoring of effectiveness of intervention, both in terms of adequacy of plan-ning choices and correct implementations. The case of the wooden roofs of some rooms of Palazzo Da Varano in Camerino represents an example of how an integrated ex post diagnostics, created with a mapping of extended diagnostic non-invasive ultrasonic tests, and timely analysis with microinvasive penetrometric test, has have sug-gested guidelines on the appropriateness of the intervention carried out and was able to suggest information to establish small local improvements, aimed at dealing with one choice is not entirely suit-able kind of wood used for new trusses, such as a replacement of a chain-strut node, before complications such structural problems could escalate into more complex and therefore more costly circum-stances, in terms of risks and associated costs.</p
p>L’ossido di zinco, conosciuto comunemente come bianco di zinco, nasce come pigmento quando in Francia fuutilizzato per la prima volta nel 1780. Il suo uso è stato ed è largamente diffuso, ma da sempre sono note alcune sue caratteristiche che potrebbero costituire un fattore di rischio per la superficie pittorica. The effects of mechanical and aesthetic chemical nature of thepainted surfaces with pigment - Zinc oxide, commonly known aszinc white, born in France as a pigment when it was used for thefi rst time in 1780. Its use has been and is widely distributed, buthave always known that some characteristics may be a risk factorfor the painted surface. </p
p>Tra reificazione e anastilosi documentale, interpretazione dei pittori che copiarono e restaurarono le sue opere, astrazione di antiquari e bibliofili, il recupero del bene artistico e culturale in un indice bibliografico della fortuna del Seppellimento di S. Lucia, dipinto sulla tela a grande formato, a grandezza naturale. Nel sistema iconclassl’indimenticabile avventura del ‘brutto’, né falso né vero nel viaggio in Italia tra le rovine, fra eventi catastrofici e conservazione. Fruizione, estrapolazione ed incetta del mercato, la flagranza dell’autografia inedita nel sublime: l’irreparabile e l’irreperibile nella cronistoria del gusto. Dall’edizione anastatica, dai microfilms e microfi shes degli originali all’e-book, la riproducibilità della scansione digitale in formato PDF nella storia della ‘legenda’ (avvertenza al lettore: la datazione delle ristampe è affidata all’impronta tipografica). The burial of Santa Lucia Caravaggio and the digital library Among anastylosis and reassembly and among documental interpretation of the painters who copied and restored his works, and abstraction of antique dealers and bibliophiles, the recovery of an object of art and culture in a bibliography of the luck of the Burial of St. Lucia, painted on large format canvas, on life size. In the Iconclass system the adventure non-objectifi able of the 'ugly', neither true nor false, while traveling through the ruins in Sicily, between the catastrophic events as the earthquakes and the history of restoration and retro-spective conservation of the masterpiece. Over the fruition, and the buying up and the extrapolation of the market, the sublime of the unpublished and flagrante authorship of both through the missed out either through the missing in the history of taste along with the religious feeling. From facsimile editions and original microfilms and microfishes to e-books, the reproducibility of the digital scan in PDF format in the history of 'legenda’ (caveat to the reader).</p
p>Da tempo, il Centro Storico di Firenze è interessato da progetti che pongono in stretta relazione le metodologie e il rigore della ricerca scientifi ca con la necessità di catalogare e gestire l’eccezionale patrimonio culturale della città. Il GIS e la carta del rischio archeologico del Centro Storico di Firenze e il progetto DAVID, sono entrambe azioni previste dal Piano di Gestione del Sito UNESCO, e si caratterizzano per l’impiego di tecnologia innovativa e per l’efficacia nel raggiungimento degli obiettivi prefissati. Technological Innovation for the research and the diffusion of Florence historical knowledge The Historical Centre of Florence has been involved for some time in projects that link methods and rigour of scientific research together with the need to catalogue and manage the extraordinary cultural heritage of the city. UNESCO World Heritage Site Management Plan is carrying out the following projects: "GIS and the map of archaeological risk of the Historical Centre of Florence" and "D.A.V.I.D. project" (Digital Archive and Virtual Documentation). Both of them use innovative technology and succeed in achieving the fixed objects.</p
p>La tecnica della Fluorescenza a Raggi X (X-Ray Fluorescence XRF) è una delle tecniche maggiormente utilizzatenei musei e nei laboratori scientifi ci di supporto alla ricerca e alla conservazione museale, in quanto non invasivae facilmente trasportabile. È utilizzata per lo studio dei materiali componenti gli oggetti di interesse storicoartisticoed archeologico per ottenere delle prime informazioni all'inizio di un intervento di conservazione. X-Ray Fluorescence The X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) is one of the techniques most usedin the museum scientifi c laboratories and in the other research laboratoriesto support museum conservation and restoration. It isnon invasive and easy transportable. It is utilised for the study ofelemental composition of material that compose objects of hystorical,artistic and archeological interest and allows to obtain fi rstinformations in restoration or conservation interventions.In this paper are described main features of this technique amongthe most commonly used in science conservation particularly for theanalysis of painting, fresques, and others polycrome art works.</p
p>Le risorse geospaziali e di mashup consentono di avere a disposizione strumenti di indagine anche per luoghi diffi cilmente accessibili anche dove, fi no a pochi anni fa, l’accesso da immagini aeree era precluso per motivi di sicurezza, l’avvento di Google map in questo senso ha aperto nuovi orizzonti all’interpretazione aerea. Villa Ludovisi from the aerial photogrammetry to satellite imageries The geospatial resources and mashups allow to have instruments of investiga-tion even for hard to reach places where even until a few years ago, access was denied to aerial photographs for security reasons and censored by military bodies, the advent of Google map in this way has opened up new horizons of interpretation overhead.</p
Grazie all'elevata tecnicità della fotografi a digitale, la fotogrammetria sferica haampliato le proprie capacità. Il ricampionamento, la correlazione di immagine o lostitching permettono di realizzare fotomosaici accrescendo, così, la già lunga storia dellafotogrammetria architettonica
p>Le tracce di ossidiane e la caratterizzazione delle componenti chimiche presenti nei luoghi oggetto di indagini archeologiche, permettono l'individuazione delle antiche rotte commerciali. In Italia le aree individuate sono Monte Arci in Sardegna, Lipari e Pantelleria in Sicilia e Palmarola nel Lazio. Obsidian from Palmarola: source markers A chemical characterization of the main components and traces of obsidian allows identifi cation of commercial routes in antiquity. Obsidian sources in Prehistoric Italy were mainly four: Monte Arci in Sardinia, the islands of Lipari and Pantelleria in Sicily and the island of Palmarola in Lazio. A survey methodology on samples of obsidian from several Neolithic sites in Lazio has been developed, comparing three different analytical techniques: SEM-EDS, XRF and LA-ICP-MS, in order to obtain a wider range of data to be compared with literature records and processed by Principal Component Analysis (PCA), to defi ne relationships between samples and to assign each finding its origin.</p
“Muri e divisioni” (“Walls and divisions”) is the title of the Macerata Opera Festival 2013. An edition completely devoted to the opera composer Giuseppe Verdi to celebrate 200th anniversary of his birth. Nabucco and Il Trovatore are the two operas represented on July and August 2013 in the arena Sferisterio to explore the themes of hate, barriers, divisions and discords between families or different populations. Macerata is an old medieval town and several events are organized to promote the territory during the summer opera season. One of these is a collective exposition of contemporary art named as the festival: “Muri e divisioni”. A call for artists was organized by Adam Accademia delle Arti, a local no-profit organization composed by 40 artists, to collect proper artworks for the exhibition. An augmented reality (AR) experience was planned to engage visitors with Verdi’s music, from Nabucco and Il Trovatore, and with AR moulded-objects, an inimitable outcome resulting from the tangling of artworks, human interaction, gesture and music, emerging from 7 of the displayed paintings. The event exhibition “Muri e divisioni” took place from July 18th to September 29th 2013 in a Gallery called Palazzo Galeotti located in the city centre. To live the augmented reality performance, a mobile device and a free AR browser Aurasma were used, but also Metaio SDK to create a stand-alone desktop application for those visitors without tablet or smartphone. Two musical paths were created: one was based on “Dio di Giuda”, “S’appressan gl’istanti” and “Va pensiero” from Nabucco; another “Di quella pira”, “Tacea la notte placida”, “Terzetto Anima mia!” and “Stride la vampa” from Il Trovatore. The music augmented 7 artworks of the painters: Simona Breccia, Hernàn Chavar, Dorian X, Gabriella Gattari, Luna Simoncini, Marco Temperini and Tomas. The augmented reality experience was designed and realized by Mirco Compagno (AR techno-scientific researcher) and Giuliana Guazzaroni (AR researcher).
p>La georeferenziazione di una immagine satellitare o di una fotografia aerea rispetto a un sistema di coordinate di riferimento risulta un processo spesso indispensabile per la comprensione del palinsesto archeologico. Al tempo stesso essa richiede tempi lunghi (a volte ore) e grande accuratezza. Un aiuto perridurre i tempi di individuazione e selezione di corrispondenze fra immagini da georeferenziare e sistema di destinazione, aumentando la precisione a livello sub-pixel, viene oggi offerto da un nuovo set di strumenti gratuiti: AutoGR-Toolkit. Geo-reference of Images with AutoGR-Toolkit AutoGR-Toolkit is a set of Pythonscripts converted to “.EXE” files with py2exe v0.6.9. The purpose of thetoolkit is to facilitate and speedup the process of geo-referencing images withfree and open source tools and graphical user-friendly interfaces. It embeds 4scripts (GGRAB, AuttoGR-Sift, GeoRef Filtering, GeoTiff Converter) and 2 algorithmlibraries (ASift and GDAL) to assist the user in geo-referencing oneimage on another according to the specifi c geographical projection. The use ofthe software does not require any special skill and allows the user to go frominput to output in few minutes, still keeping the possibility to customize almost every parameter to improve the fi nal accuracy. This paper describes the basic principles and functionalities behind every tool in the Toolkit. AutoGR-Toolkit is freely available at the URL http://www.ims.forth.gr/AutoGR.</p
The urban area and territory of Aquinum, roman city situated along the route of via Latina were investigated by means of aero-topographical studies, geophysical prospecting and archaeological field survey. The work has been organised according to the great archaeological potentialities and the promising perspectives of research offered by the site. Casale Pascale, a rural dwelling owned by the municipality of Castrocielo, was used to create a new “musealization”: an innovative zoom on the archaeological site, based on augmented reality and on Kinect technology, in order to make intelligible to a wider audience as possible the structural evidence and the significant materials from the excavation.
Preliminarily to the restoration of the painted Psalter (most likely attributed to XVIIIth century up until then) coming from the rich collection of musical instruments belonging to the Teatro Massimo in Palermo, a non-‐invasive optical diagnostics was carried out (diagnostics campaign and restoration was both carried out by the Centro Regionale per la Progettazione e il Restauro, Assessorato dei Beni Culturali e dell’Identità Siciliana della Regione Siciliana). Diagnostic investigations have involved both the painted scene on the front of the instrument and the wooden structure. Thanks to the results obtained, in particular the analysis in fluorescence induced by ultraviolet radiation, it was possible to uncover, on the back of the Psalter, the manufacturer’s autograph inscription showing name, place and year of construction of Psalter, thus making defintive and certain both its attribution and dating. The multispectral imaging has provided interesting information: to evaluate the musical instrument state of conservation; to recover the legibility of inscription on its back, the identification of the previous repainting, and a preliminary mapping of some pigments. The radiological imaging, as well as highlighting the fundamental elements to understand the construction technique, allowed us to investigate the state of conservation of the Harmonic case affected by two significant fractures.
External milli-beam particle induced X-ray emission spectroscopy (PIXE), Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis, Neutron Induced Prompt Gamma Spectrometry (NIPS) and high resolution Time-Of-Flight Neutron Diffraction (TOF-ND) have been considered as non-destructive techniques to plan the investigation of 6 metallic archaeological artefacts sporadically discovered over time at the Tifernum Mataurense area (S. Angelo in Vado, Marche Region, Italy). The primary goal of this feasibility study is to create indications to advance the correct technological and material description of the objects providing scientific data for further and more comprehensive comparative analyses also covering the find material from the close archaeological sites. PIXE would provide quantitative analyses of major and trace elements (e.g., Fe, Pb and As) in order to recognize the constitutive alloys and to supply information on the near-surface elemental composition complementary to the data characteristic for the bulk. The neutron investigations would allow determining the bulk composition, also providing either a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the phase composition and the structural properties of the constituents, or radiographic images, finally to identify possible manufacturing techniques. The expected results would allow also achieving important information on the possible provenance, being useful also to set up a classification according to the chemical composition.
Guest Paper in English Language about EMMAP trials in museums.
Crs 4 (center for advanced studies, research and development in Sardinia) developed the geoportal Nurnet (http://nurnet.crs4.it/nurnetgeo/) to manage and share information about the bronze age in Sardinia (Italy). The scope of this paper is to explain how the geoportal Nurnet (net of nuraghes, the typical Sardinian building from the bronze age) has been developed to promote the bronze age culture in Sardinia, identified in the pre-Nuragic (3200-2700 B.C.) and Nuragic (up to the 2nd century ad) civilization. It is fed by a net of conventional social connections and social web networks empowered by private citizens, agents and public administrations sharing the same goals and interests.
Guest Paper in English Language about EMMAP trials in museums.
Crs 4 (center for advanced studies, research and development in Sardinia) developed the geoportal Nurnet (http://nurnet.crs4.it/nurnetgeo/) to manage and share information about the bronze age in Sardinia (Italy). The scope of this paper is to explain how the geoportal Nurnet (net of nuraghes, the typical Sardinian building from the bronze age) has been developed to promote the bronze age culture in Sardinia, identified in the pre-Nuragic (3200-2700 B.C.) and Nuragic (up to the 2nd century ad) civilization. It is fed by a net of conventional social connections and social web networks empowered by private citizens, agents and public administrations sharing the same goals and interests.

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