International journal of food microbiology

Publisher: Elsevier

Current impact factor: 3.08

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 3.082
2013 Impact Factor 3.155
2012 Impact Factor 3.425
2011 Impact Factor 3.327
2010 Impact Factor 3.143
2009 Impact Factor 3.011
2008 Impact Factor 2.753
2007 Impact Factor 2.581
2006 Impact Factor 2.608
2005 Impact Factor 2.499
2004 Impact Factor 2.49
2003 Impact Factor 2.261
2002 Impact Factor 1.719
2001 Impact Factor 1.579
2000 Impact Factor 1.848
1999 Impact Factor 1.673
1998 Impact Factor 1.593
1997 Impact Factor 1.16
1996 Impact Factor 1.387
1995 Impact Factor 1.257
1994 Impact Factor 1.321
1993 Impact Factor 1.214
1992 Impact Factor 1.069

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.75
Cited half-life 8.00
Immediacy index 0.50
Eigenfactor 0.03
Article influence 0.95
ISSN 1879-3460

Publisher details


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    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Studies were undertaken to investigate the effect of oxidative stress conditions (exposure to hydrogen peroxide, H2O2) on [1] the expression of 14 Campylobacter jejuni virulence-associated genes associated with motility and/or invasion (flaA, flaB, flhA, flhB, ciaB, iamA), adhesion (cadF), cytotoxin production (cdtA, cdtB, cdtC) as well as some of the regulators of these genes (rpoN, fliA, luxS, cj1000), in 10 C. jejuni strains (5 poultry and 5 human) and [2] the ability of these cells to adhere to and invade Caco-2 cells. Using 16S rRNA as the reference gene (preliminary research demonstrated that this gene was stably expressed), the expression of the 14 virulence associated genes was investigated under normal and oxidative stress conditions using reverse transcription PCR. A Caco-2 cell tissue culture assay was used to examine adhesion and invasion. The response to oxidative stress was strain-dependent. Two strains showed significant (p < 0.05) up or down regulation in 7 of the 14 genes tested, while only 1–2 genes were affected in the remaining strains. Expression of cadF was significantly (p < 0.05) changed in all strains, cdt B in 4 strains and cj1000 in 3 strains. Expression of the remaining genes was either unaffected or significantly altered in 1–2 strains. NCTC 11168 completely lost the ability to adhere to and invade Caco-2 cells. One other strain also demonstrated reduced adherence while two others were unable to invade Caco-2 cells after exposure to oxidative stress conditions. In contrast strain 7, a poultry isolate, showed increased invasion. It was concluded that oxidative stress affects expression of C. jejuni virulence genes in a strain-dependent manner, CadF may have a secondary survival function and the cdtB gene may have a different promoter than cdtA and cdtC.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · International journal of food microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Food-borne disease caused by Salmonella has long been, and continues to be, an important global public health problem, necessitating rapid and accurate detection of Salmonella in food. Real time PCR is the most recently developed approach for Salmonella detection. Single primer isothermal amplification (SPIA), a novel gene amplification technique, has emerged as an attractive microbiological testing method. SPIA is performed under a constant temperature, eliminating the need for an expensive thermo-cycler. In addition, SPIA reactions can be accomplished in 30min, faster than real time PCR that usually takes over 2h. We developed a quantitative fluorescence SPIA-based method for the detection of Salmonella. Using Salmonella Typhimurium genomic DNA as template and a primer targeting Salmonella invA gene, we showed the detection limit of SPIA was 2.0×10(1)fg DNA. Its successful amplification of different serotypic Salmonella genomic DNA but not non-Salmonella bacterial DNA demonstrated the specificity of SPIA. Furthermore, this method was validated with artificially contaminated beef. In conclusion, we showed high sensitivity and specificity of SPIA in the detection of Salmonella, comparable to real time PCR. In addition, SPIA is faster and more cost-effective (non-use of expensive cyclers), making it a potential alternative for field detection of Salmonella in resource-limited settings that are commonly encountered in developing countries.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · International journal of food microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Alternaria arborescens has been reported as a common fungal species invading tomatoes and is capable of producing several mycotoxins in infected plants, fruits and in agricultural commodities. Alternariol (AOH), alternariol monomethyl ether (AME), and tenuazonic acid (TeA) are some of the main Alternaria mycotoxins that can be found as contaminants of food. This species can produce these toxic metabolites together with AAL toxins (Alternaria alternata f. sp. lycopersicum toxins), which can act as inhibitors of sphingolipid biosynthesis. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of water activity (aw, 0.995, 0.975, 0.950) and temperature (6, 15, 20, 25 and 30°C) on mycotoxin production by A. arborescens on a synthetic tomato medium. The optimum production of AOH and AME occurred at 0.975 aw after 40days of incubation at 30°C. The maximum TeA accumulation was observed at 0.975 aw and 25°C and at 0.950 aw and 30°C. AAL TA was produced in higher quantities at 0.995 aw and 30°C. At 6°C no quantifiable levels of AOH or AME were detected, but significant amounts of TeA were produced at 0.975 aw. In general, high aw levels and high temperatures were favorable for mycotoxin production. The greatest accumulation of all four toxins occurred at 0.975 aw and 30°C. The results obtained here could be extrapolated to evaluate the risk of tomato fruits and tomato products contamination caused by these toxins.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · International journal of food microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has been used in a variety of biological applications due to its high sensitivity and specificity. Here, we report a SERS-based aptasensor approach for quantitative detection of pathogenic bacteria. A SERS substrate bearing Au@Ag core/shell nanoparticles (NPs) is functionalized with aptamer 1 (apt 1) for the capture of target molecules. X-rhodamine (ROX)-modified aptamer 2 (apt 2) is used as recognition element and Raman reporter. Salmonella typhimurium specifically interacted with the aptamers to form Au@Ag-apt 1-target-apt 2-ROX sandwich-like complexes. As a result, the concentration of S. typhimurium was determined using this developed aptasensor structure, and a calibration curve is obtained in the range of 15 to 1.5×10(6)cfu/mL with a limit of detection of 15cfu/mL. Our method was successfully applied to real food samples, and the results are consistent with the results obtained using plate counting methods. We believe that the developed method shows potential for the rapid and sensitive detection of pathogenic bacteria in food safety assurance.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · International journal of food microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: The oxidative metabolism of acetic acid bacteria (AAB) can be exploited for the production of several compounds, including d-gluconic acid. The production of d-gluconic acid in fermented beverages could be useful for the development of new products without glucose. In the present study, we analyzed nineteen strains belonging to eight different species of AAB to select those that could produce d-gluconic acid from d-glucose without consuming d-fructose. We tested their performance in three different media and analyzed the changes in the levels of d-glucose, d-fructose, d-gluconic acid and the derived gluconates. d-Glucose and d-fructose consumption and d-gluconic acid production were heavily dependent on the strain and the media. The most suitable strains for our purpose were Gluconobacter japonicus CECT 8443 and Gluconobacter oxydans Po5. The strawberry isolate Acetobacter malorum (CECT 7749) also produced d-gluconic acid; however, it further oxidized d-gluconic acid to keto-d-gluconates.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · International journal of food microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Fresh mung bean sprouts have been identified as a source of many Salmonella outbreaks worldwide. The aim of this study was to develop a rapid and accurate detection methodology for low levels of healthy and sanitizer-injured Salmonella on mung bean sprouts using real-time PCR coupled with either immunomagnetic separation (PCR-IMS) or centrifugation (PCR-cen). Initially, three parameters of IMS; specificity/sensitivity, bacterial concentration and bead incubation time were optimized. Secondly, limit of detection (LOD) was determined for the optimized PCR-IMS and PCR-cen. These two methods were compared against PCR alone (PCR) and the standard culture method (ISO) for their ability to detect Salmonella using inoculated and uninoculated sprouts. Under optimum IMS conditions (105 CFU/ml for 30 min), capture efficiency of Salmonella in sprout suspensions was lower than 40%, most probably due to the non-specific binding of the background microbiota. PCR-IMS and PCR-cen had a similar LOD at 103 CFU/ml, which was one log unit lower than PCR. Enrichment of 10 h was sufficient to detect 100% of the inoculated sprouts with both PCR-IMS and PCR-cen, which was significantly faster compared to PCR and the ISO method. Moreover, the validation study using uninoculated sprouts revealed that PCR-IMS and PCR-cen were equally effective on Salmonella detection, showing 98.3% accuracy. These results suggest that PCR-cen would be the effective and less costly method for the detection of both healthy and sanitizer-injured Salmonella on mung bean sprouts.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · International journal of food microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Apples are among the most commonly consumed fruits worldwide. Blue mold (Penicillium expansum) is one of the major diseases in apples postharvest, leading to wide use of fungicides and the search for alternative products to control the pathogen. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the potential of salicylic acid (SA) as an alternative product to control blue mold and to preserve the physicochemical characteristics of apple fruit postharvest. The antimicrobial effect of SA was determined both in vitro and in situ, by directly exposing conidia to solutions of different concentrations SA or by inoculating the fruit with P. expansum and treating them curatively, eradicatively, or preventively with a 2.5 mM SA solution. The physiological effects of SA on fruit were determined by quantifying the weight loss, total soluble solids content, and titratable acidity. In addition, the accumulation of SA in the fruit was determined by HPLC. SA (2.5 mM) inhibited 100% of fungal germination in vitro and also controlled blue mold in situ when applied eradicatively. In addition, HPLC analysis demonstrated that SA did not persist in apple fruit. SA also maintained the physicochemical characteristics of fruit of different quality categories. Thus, SA may be an alternative to the commercial fungicides currently used against P. expansum.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · International journal of food microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Fusarium Head Blight and Gibberella Ear Rot, mainly caused by the fungi Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium culmorum, are two of the most devastating diseases of small-grain cereals and maize. In addition to yield loss, these diseases frequently result in contamination of kernels with toxic type B trichothecenes. The potential involvement of chlorogenic acid in cereal resistance to Fusarium Head Blight and Gibberella Ear Rot and to trichothecene accumulation was the focus of this study. The effects of chlorogenic acid and one of its hydrolyzed products, caffeic acid, on fungal growth and type B trichothecenes biosynthesis were studied using concentrations close to physiological amounts quantified in kernels and a set of F. graminearum and F. culmorum strains. Both chlorogenic and caffeic acids negatively impact fungal growth and mycotoxin production, with caffeic acid being significantly more toxic. Inhibitory efficiencies of both phenolic acids were strain-dependent. To further investigate the antifungal and anti “mycotoxin” effect of chlorogenic and caffeic acids, the metabolic fate of these two phenolic acids was characterized in supplemented F. graminearum broths. For the first time, our results demonstrated the ability of F. graminearum to degrade chlorogenic acid into caffeic, hydroxychlorogenic and protocatechuic acids and caffeic acid into protocatechuic and hydroxycaffeic acids. Some of these metabolic products can contribute to the inhibitory efficiency of chlorogenic acid that, therefore, can be compared as a “pro-drug”. As a whole, our data corroborate the contribution of chlorogenic acid to the chemical defense that cereals employ to counteract F. graminearum and its production of mycotoxins.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · International journal of food microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Penicillium expansum growth and patulin production occur mainly at post-harvest stage during the long-term storage of apples. Low temperature in combination with reduced oxygen concentrations is commonly applied as a control strategy to extend apple shelf life and supply the market throughout the year. Our in vitro study investigated the effect of temperature and atmosphere on expression of the idh gene in relation to the patulin production by P. expansum. The idh gene encodes the isoepoxydon dehydrogenase enzyme, a key enzyme in the patulin biosynthesis pathway. First, a reverse transcription real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) method was optimized to measure accurately the P. expansum idh mRNA levels relative to the mRNA levels of three reference genes (18S, β-tubulin, calmodulin), taking into account important parameters such as PCR inhibition and multiple reference gene stability. Subsequently, two P. expansum field isolates and one reference strain were grown on apple puree agar medium (APAM) under three conditions of temperature and atmosphere: 20 °C – air, 4 °C – air and 4 °C – controlled atmosphere (CA; 3% O2). When P. expansum strains reached a 0.5 and 2.0 cm colony diameter, idh expression and patulin concentrations were determined by means of the developed RT-qPCR and an HPLC-UV method, respectively. The in vitro study showed a clear reduction in patulin production and down-regulation of the idh gene expression when P. expansum was grown under 4 °C – CA. The results suggest that stress (low temperature and oxygen level) caused a delay of the fungal metabolism rather than a complete inhibition of toxin biosynthesis. A good correlation was found between the idh expression and patulin production, corroborating that temperature and atmosphere affected patulin production by acting at the transcriptional level of the idh gene. Finally, a reliable RT-qPCR can be considered as an alternative tool to investigate the effect of control strategies on the toxin formation in food.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · International journal of food microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Kombucha tea, a non-alcoholic beverage, is acquiring significant interest due to its claimed beneficial properties. The microbial community of Kombucha tea consists of bacteria and yeast which thrive in two mutually non-exclusive compartments: the soup or the beverage and the biofilm floating on it. The microbial community and the biochemical properties of the beverage have so far mostly been described in separate studies. This, however, may prevent understanding the causal links between the microbial communities and the beneficial properties of Kombucha tea. Moreover, an extensive study into the microbial and biochemical dynamics has also been missing. In this study, we thus explored the structure and dynamics of the microbial community along with the biochemical properties of Kombucha tea at different time points up to 21 days of fermentation. We hypothesized that several biochemical properties will change during the course of fermentation along with the shifts in the yeast and bacterial communities. The yeast community of the biofilm did not show much variation over time and was dominated by Candida sp. (73.5–83%). The soup however, showed a significant shift in dominance from Candida sp. to Lachancea sp. on the 7th day of fermentation. This is the first report showing Candida as the most dominating yeast genus during Kombucha fermentation. Komagateibacter was identified as the single largest bacterial genus present in both the biofilm and the soup (~ 50%). The bacterial diversity was higher in the soup than in the biofilm with a peak on the seventh day of fermentation. The biochemical properties changed with the progression of the fermentation, i.e., beneficial properties of the beverage such as the radical scavenging ability increased significantly with a maximum increase at day 7. We further observed a significantly higher d-saccharic acid-1,4-lactone content and caffeine degradation property compared to previously described Kombucha tea fermentations. Our data thus indicate that the microbial community structure and dynamics play an important role in the biochemistry of the fermentation of the beverage. We envisage that combined molecular and biochemical analyses like in our study will provide valuable insights for better understanding the role of the microbial community for the beneficial properties of the beverage.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · International journal of food microbiology