Chemistry & biology

Publisher: Elsevier

Current impact factor: 6.65

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 6.645
2013 Impact Factor 6.586
2012 Impact Factor 6.157
2011 Impact Factor 5.829
2010 Impact Factor 5.838
2009 Impact Factor 6.523
2008 Impact Factor 5.603
2007 Impact Factor 5.718
2006 Impact Factor 6.677
2005 Impact Factor 6.138
2004 Impact Factor 5.725
2003 Impact Factor 6.129
2002 Impact Factor 6.109
2001 Impact Factor 5.987
2000 Impact Factor 5.717
1999 Impact Factor 6.242
1998 Impact Factor 6.157
1997 Impact Factor 5.796

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 6.57
Cited half-life 7.30
Immediacy index 1.36
Eigenfactor 0.03
Article influence 2.58
Other titles Chemistry & biology (Online), Chemistry & biology, Chemistry and biology
ISSN 1879-1301
OCLC 37104323
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On non-commercial hosting platforms including institutional repository
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal homepage with DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher last reviewed on 05/08/2015
    • 'Elsevier (Cell Press)' is an imprint of 'Elsevier'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bromodomains are involved in transcriptional regulation through the recognition of acetyl lysine modifications on diverse proteins. Selective pharmacological modulators of bromodomains are lacking, although the largely hydrophobic nature of the pocket makes these modules attractive targets for small-molecule inhibitors. This work describes the structure-based design of a highly selective inhibitor of the CREB binding protein (CBP) bromodomain and its use in cell-based transcriptional profiling experiments. The inhibitor downregulated a number of inflammatory genes in macrophages that were not affected by a selective BET bromodomain inhibitor. In addition, the CBP bromodomain inhibitor modulated the mRNA level of the regulator of G-protein signaling 4 (RGS4) gene in neurons, suggesting a potential therapeutic opportunity for CBP inhibitors in the treatment of neurological disorders.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Chemistry & biology
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    ABSTRACT: Neocarazostatin A (NZS) is a bacterial alkaloid with promising bioactivities against free radicals, featuring a tricyclic carbazole nucleus with a prenyl moiety at C-6 of the carbazole ring. Here, we report the discovery and characterization of the biosynthetic pathway of NZS through genome mining and gene inactivation. The in vitro assays characterized two enzymes: NzsA is a P450 hydroxylase and NzsG is a new phytoene-synthase-like prenyltransferase (PTase). This is the first reported native PTase that specifically acts on the carbazole nucleus. Finally, our in vitro reconstituted experiment demonstrated a coupled reaction catalyzed by NzsG and NzsA tailoring the NZS biosynthesis.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Chemistry & biology
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    ABSTRACT: Interspecies protein-protein interactions are essential mediators of infection. While bacterial proteins required for host cell invasion and infection can be identified through bacterial mutant library screens, information about host target proteins and interspecies complex structures has been more difficult to acquire. Using an unbiased chemical crosslinking/mass spectrometry approach, we identified interspecies protein-protein interactions in human lung epithelial cells infected with Acinetobacter baumannii. These efforts resulted in identification of 3,076 crosslinked peptide pairs and 46 interspecies protein-protein interactions. Most notably, the key A. baumannii virulence factor, OmpA, was identified as crosslinked to host proteins involved in desmosomes, specialized structures that mediate host cell-to-cell adhesion. Co-immunoprecipitation and transposon mutant experiments were used to verify these interactions and demonstrate relevance for host cell invasion and acute murine lung infection. These results shed new light on A. baumannii-host protein interactions and their structural features, and the presented approach is generally applicable to other systems.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemistry & biology
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    ABSTRACT: Transesterification of fatty acids yields the essential component of biodiesel, but current processes are cost-prohibitive and generate waste. Recent efforts make use of biocatalysts that are effective in diverting products from primary metabolism to yield fatty acid methyl esters in bacteria. These biotransformations require the fatty acid O-methyltransferase (FAMT) from Mycobacterium marinum (MmFAMT). Although this activity was first reported in the literature in 1970, the FAMTs have yet to be biochemically characterized. Here, we describe several crystal structures of MmFAMT, which highlight an unexpected structural conservation with methyltransferases that are involved in plant natural product metabolism. The determinants for ligand recognition are analyzed by kinetic analysis of structure-based active-site variants. These studies reveal how an architectural fold employed in plant natural product biosynthesis is used in bacterial fatty acid O-methylation.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemistry & biology
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    ABSTRACT: Protein glutathionylation is an important post-translational modification that regulates many cellular processes, including energy metabolism, signal transduction, and protein homeostasis. Global profiling of glutathionylated proteins (denoted as glutathionylome) is crucial for understanding redox-regulated signal transduction. Here, we developed a novel method based on click reaction and proteomics to enrich and identify the glutathionylated peptides in Escherichia coli and Drosophila lysates, in which 937 and 1,930 potential glutathionylated peptides were identified, respectively. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the cysteine residue next to negatively charged amino acid residues has a higher frequency of glutathionylation. Importantly, we found that most proteins associated with metabolic pathways were glutathionylated and that the glutathionylation sites of metabolic enzymes were highly conserved among different species. Our results indicate that the glutathione analog is a useful tool to characterize protein glutathionylation, and glutathionylation of metabolic enzymes, which play important roles in regulating cellular metabolism, is conserved.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemistry & biology
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    ABSTRACT: Microbial fatty acid biosynthetic enzymes are important targets for areas as diverse as antibiotic development to biofuel production. Elucidating the molecular basis of chain length control during fatty acid biosynthesis is crucial for the understanding of regulatory processes of this fundamental metabolic pathway. In Escherichia coli, the acyl carrier protein (AcpP) plays a central role by sequestering and shuttling the growing acyl chain between fatty acid biosynthetic enzymes. FabA, a β-hydroxyacyl-AcpP dehydratase, is an important enzyme in controlling fatty acid chain length and saturation levels. FabA-AcpP interactions are transient in nature and thus difficult to visualize. In this study, four mechanistic crosslinking probes mimicking varying acyl chain lengths were synthesized to systematically probe for modified chain length specificity of 14 FabA mutants. These studies provide evidence for the AcpP-interacting "positive patch," FabA mutations that alter substrate specificity, and the roles that the FabA "gating residues" play in chain length control.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemistry & biology
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    ABSTRACT: The ability to monitor kinase activity dynamics in live cells greatly aids the study of how signaling events are spatiotemporally regulated. Here, we report on the adaptability of bimolecular kinase activity reporters (bimKARs) as molecular tools to enhance the real-time visualization of kinase activity. We demonstrate that the bimKAR design is truly versatile and can be used to monitor a variety of kinases, including JNK, ERK, and AMPK. Furthermore, bimKARs can have significantly enhanced dynamic ranges over their unimolecular counterparts, allowing the elucidation of previously undetectable kinase activity dynamics. Using these newly designed bimKARs, we investigate the regulation of AMPK by protein kinase A (PKA) in the plasma membrane, and demonstrate that PKA can both negatively and positively regulate AMPK activity in the same cell.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemistry & biology
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    ABSTRACT: L-RNA aptamers were developed that bind to barnase RNase and thereby inhibit the function of the enzyme. These aptamers were obtained by first carrying out in vitro selection of D-RNAs that bind to the full-length synthetic D-enantiomer of barnase, then reversing the mirror and preparing L-RNAs of identical sequence that similarly bind to natural L-barnase. The resulting L-aptamers bind L-barnase with an affinity of ∼100 nM and function as competitive inhibitors of enzyme cleavage of D-RNA substrates. L-RNA aptamers are resistant to degradation by ribonucleases, thus enabling them to function in biological samples, most notably for applications in molecular diagnostics and therapeutics. In addition to the irony of using RNA to inhibit RNase, L-RNA aptamers such as those described here could be used to measure the concentration or inhibit the function of RNase in the laboratory or in biological systems.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemistry & biology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A33853, which shows excellent bioactivity against Leishmania, is a benzoxazole-family compound formed from two moieties of 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid and one 3-hydroxypicolinic acid. In this study, we have identified the gene cluster responsible for the biosynthesis of A33853 in Streptomyces sp. NRRL12068 through genome mining and heterologous expression. Bioinformatics analysis and functional characterization of the orfs contained in the gene cluster revealed that the biosynthesis of A33853 is directed by a group of unusual enzymes. In particular, BomK, annotated as a ketosynthase, was found to catalyze the amide bond formation between 3-hydroxypicolinic and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid during the assembly of A33853. BomJ, a putative ATP-dependent coenzyme A ligase, and BomN, a putative amidohydrolase, were further proposed to be involved in the benzoxazole formation in A33853 according to gene deletion experiments. Finally, we have successfully utilized mutasynthesis to generate two analogs of A33853, which were reported previously to possess excellent anti-leishmanial activity.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Chemistry & biology