European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)

Publisher: Elsevier

Current impact factor: 5.42

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 5.417
2013 Impact Factor 4.819
2012 Impact Factor 5.061
2011 Impact Factor 5.536
2010 Impact Factor 4.944
2009 Impact Factor 4.121
2008 Impact Factor 4.475
2007 Impact Factor 4.454
2006 Impact Factor 4.167
2005 Impact Factor 3.706
2004 Impact Factor 3.302
2003 Impact Factor 3.694
2002 Impact Factor 3.562
2001 Impact Factor 3.46
2000 Impact Factor 2.725
1999 Impact Factor 2.537
1998 Impact Factor 2.743
1997 Impact Factor 2.407
1996 Impact Factor 2.017
1995 Impact Factor 2.095
1994 Impact Factor 0.789
1993 Impact Factor 1.959
1992 Impact Factor 2.191

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 5.62
Cited half-life 6.70
Immediacy index 1.30
Eigenfactor 0.06
Article influence 1.88
ISSN 1879-0852

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Imatinib has dramatically improved the prognosis of advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs). Clinical trial data showed that patients with trough imatinib plasma concentrations (Cmin) below 1100 ng/ml (quartile 1) had shorter time to progression, but no threshold has been defined. The main objective of this study was to investigate in advanced GIST whether a Cmin threshold value associated with a longer progression-free survival (PFS) could be specified. This would be the first step leading to therapeutic drug monitoring of imatinib in GIST. Patients and methods: Advanced GIST patients (n=96) treated with imatinib 400 mg/d (41 stomach, 34 small bowel, and 21 other primary site localisations) were prospectively included in this real-life setting study. Routine plasma level testing imatinib (Cmin) and clinical data of were recorded prospectively. Results: Small bowel localisation was associated with an increased relative risk of progression of 3.09 versus stomach localisation (p=0.0255). Mean Cmin (±standard deviation) was 868 (±536) ng/ml with 75% inter-individual and 26% intra-patient variability. A Cmin threshold of 760 ng/ml defined by log-rank test was associated with longer PFS for the whole population (p=0.0256) and for both stomach (p=0.043) and small bowel (p=0.049) localisations when analysed separately. Multivariate Cox regression analysis found that Cmin above 760 ng/ml was associated with 65% reduction risk of progression (p=0.0271) in the whole population independently of the anatomical localisation. Conclusion: Concentration of imatinib significantly influences duration of tumour control treatment in GIST patients with a Cmin threshold of 760 ng/ml associated with prolonged PFS in real-life setting.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma remains a devastating disease with a 5-year survival rate not exceeding 6%. Treatment of this disease remains a major challenge. This article reviews the state-of-the-art in the management of this disease and the new innovative approaches that may help to accelerate progress in treating its victims. After careful pre-therapeutic evaluation, only 15-20% of patients diagnosed with a pancreatic cancer (PC) are eligible for upfront radical surgery. After R0 or R1 resection in such patients, evidence suggests a significantly positive impact on survival of adjuvant chemotherapy comprising 6 months of gemcitabine or fluorouracil/folinic acid. Delayed adjuvant chemoradiation is considered as an option in cases of positive margins. Borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) is defined as a tumour involving the mesenteric vasculature to a limited extend. Resection of these tumours is technically feasible, yet runs the high risk of a R1 resection. Neoadjuvant treatment probably offers the best chance of achieving successful R0 resection and long-term survival, but the best treatment options should be determined in prospective randomised studies. Gemcitabine has for 15 years been the only validated therapy for advanced PC. Following decades of negative phase III studies, increasing evidence now suggests that further significant improvements to overall survival can be achieved via either Folfirinox or gemcitabine + nab-paclitaxel regimens. Progress in systemic therapy may improve the chances of resection in borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) or locally advanced PC. This requires first enhancing knowledge of the genetic events driving carcinogenesis, which may then be translated into clinical studies.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The androgen receptor (AR) plays a key role in the development of prostate cancer. AR signalling mediates the expression of androgen-responsive genes, which are involved in prostate cancer development and progression. Our previous chromatin immunoprecipitation study showed that the region of abhydrolase domain containing 2 (ABHD2) includes a functional androgen receptor binding site. In this study, we demonstrated that ABHD2 is a novel androgen-responsive gene that is overexpressed in human prostate cancer tissues. Methods: The expression levels of ABHD2 in androgen-sensitive cells were evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western-blot analyses. LNCaP and VCaP cells with ABHD2 overexpression or short interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown were used for functional analyses. ABHD2 expression was examined in clinical samples of prostate cancer by immunohistochemistry. Results: We showed that ABHD2 expression is increased by androgen in LNCaP and VCaP cells. This androgen-induced ABHD2 expression was diminished by bicalutamide. While stable expression of ABHD2 affected the enhancement of LNCaP cell proliferation and migration, siRNA-mediated ABHD2 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation and migration. In addition, the siRNA treatment significantly repressed the tumour growth derived from LNCaP cells in athymic mice. Immunohistochemical analysis of ABHD2 expression in tumour specimens showed a positive correlation of ABHD2 immunoreactivity with high Gleason score and pathological N stage. Moreover, patients with high immunoreactivity of ABHD2 showed low cancer-specific survival rates and a resistance to docetaxel-based chemotherapy. Conclusion: ABHD2 is a novel androgen-regulated gene that can promote prostate cancer growth and resistance to chemotherapy, and is a novel target for diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Notch signalling regulates stem cell development and survival and is deregulated in multiple malignancies. LY900009 is a small molecule inhibitor of Notch signalling via selective inhibition of the γ-secretase protein. We report the first-in-human phase I trial of LY900009. Methods: Dose escalation (Part A) was performed in cohorts of three advanced cancer patients using a modified continual reassessment method and dose confirmation (Part B) was performed in ovarian cancer patients. LY900009 was taken orally thrice weekly (every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday) during a 28-d cycle. The primary objective determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD); secondary end-points included toxicity, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and antitumour activity. Results: Thirty-five patients received LY900009 at dose levels ranging from 2-60 mg. Study drug-related adverse events were diarrhoea (46%), vomiting (34%), anorexia (31%), nausea (31%), and fatigue (23%). At 30 mg, a dose-limiting toxicity (grade III mucosal inflammation) was observed. LY900009 absorption was rapid, with median tmax at 1-4 h post-dose. LY900009 inhibited plasma levels of amyloid-β peptide in a dose-dependent manner with 80-90% inhibition observed in the 30- to 60-mg cohorts. No responses were seen, but five patients had stable disease. Two patients (5.7%) with leiomyosarcoma and ovarian cancer received four cycles of therapy. One patient (15 mg) showed markedly increased glandular mucin consistent with pharmacologic inhibition of the Notch pathway. Conclusions: The recommended MTD schedule for future studies was 30 mg thrice weekly, which exceeds the target inhibition level observed in preclinical models to promote tumour regression in humans.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For solid tumours, quantitative analysis of [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography with integrated computed tomography potentially can have significant value in early response assessment and thereby discrimination between responders and non-responders at an early stage of treatment. Standardised strategies for this analysis have been proposed, and the positron emission tomography response criteria in solid tumours (PERCIST) criteria can be regarded as the current standard to perform quantitative analysis in a research setting, yet is not implemented in daily practice. However, several exceptions and limitations limit the feasibility of PERCIST criteria. In this article, we point out dilemmas that arise when applying proposed criteria like PERCIST on an expansive set of patients with metastasised solid tumours. Clinicians and scientists should be aware of these limitations to prevent that methodological issues impede successful introduction of research data into clinical practice. Therefore, to deliver on the high potential of quantitative imaging, consensus should be reached on a standardised, feasible and clinically useful analysis methodology. This methodology should be applicable in the majority of patients, tumour types and treatments.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Numerous morphological classification models have been developed to organise the heterogeneous spectrum of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). While the 2008 update of the World Health Organisation (WHO) is the current standard, the publication of the revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) has illustrated the need for supplemental prognostic information. The aim of this study was to investigate whether morphological classification models for MDS - of both the French-American-British (FAB) group and WHO – provide reliable criteria for their classification into homogeneous and clinically relevant categories with prognostic relevance beyond the IPSS-R. We reclassified 238 MDS patients using each of the FAB, WHO 2001 and WHO 2008 criteria and studied classification categories in terms of clinical, haematological and cytogenetic features. Subsequently, we calculated prognostic scores using the IPSS-R and investigated whether the morphological classification models had significantly prognostic value in patients stratified by the IPSS-R and vice versa. By adopting the FAB, WHO 2001 and WHO 2008 classifications, MDS patients were organised into homogeneous categories with intrinsic prognostic information. However, whereas the morphological classification models showed no prognostic value beyond the IPSS-R, the IPSS-R had significant prognostic value beyond the FAB, WHO 2001 and WHO 2008 classifications. Even though morphological classification models for MDS might be clinically relevant from a prognostic point of view, their relevance in terms of risk stratification is evidently limited in light of the IPSS-R. Therefore, we suggest to stop the use of morphological classification models for MDS for risk stratification in routine clinical practice.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Studies to identify predictive biomarkers can be carried out in isogenic cancer cell lines, which enable interrogation of the effect of a specific mutation. We assessed the effects of four drugs, the PI3K–mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor dactolisib, the PI3K inhibitor pictrelisib, and the MEK (MAPK/ERK Kinase) inhibitors PD 0325901 and selumetinib, in isogenic DLD1 parental, KRAS+/−, KRASG13D/−, PIK3CA+/− and PIK3CAE545K/− colorectal carcinoma cell lines. Importantly, we found substantial differences in the growth of these cells and in their drug sensitivity depending on whether they were studied under 2D (standard tissue culture on plastic) or 3D (in vitro soft agar and in vivo xenograft) conditions. DLD1 KRAS+/− and DLD1 PIK3CA+/− cells were more sensitive to MEK inhibitors than parental, DLD1 KRASG13D/− and DLD1 PIK3CAE545K/− cells under 2D conditions, whereas DLD1 KRASG13D/− and DLD1 PIK3CAE545K/− xenografts were sensitive to 10 mg/kg daily ×14 PD 0325901 in vivo (p ≤ 0.02) but tumours derived from parental DLD1 cells were not. These findings indicate that KRAS and PIK3CA mutations can influence the response of DLD1 colorectal cancer cell lines to MEK and PI3K inhibitors, but that the effect is dependent on the experimental model used to assess drug sensitivity.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: To determine the completeness of reporting of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of head and neck cancer (HNC) and thyroid cancer randomised-controlled trials (RCTs) and identify PRO measures used. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted for HNC and thyroid cancer RCTs with PRO end-points (January 2004-June 2015). Two investigators independently extracted data, assessed adherence to the International Society for Quality of Life Research (ISOQOL) PRO reporting standards and concordance between hypotheses and PRO measures used. Data were entered into the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurements Over Time in Oncology (PROMOTION) Registry. Results: Sixty-six RCTs were included, 56 (85%) HNC and 10 (15%) thyroid cancer. Twenty-two (33%) included a primary and 44 (67%) included a secondary PRO end-point. A total of 40 unique PRO measures were used. Adherence to the ISOQOL PRO reporting standards was higher for RCTs with primary PRO end-points than for secondary PRO end-points: (mean adherence of 43% and 29% respectively). Completeness of PRO reporting did not improve with time: r = .13, p = .31. ISOQOL checklist items poorly reported included: PRO hypothesis (reported for eight RCTs, 12%), justification chosen of PRO measures (n = 16, 24%), rates of missing PRO data (n = 19, 29%), and generalisability of results (n = 12, 18%). Encouragingly, PROs were identified in 55 RCT abstracts (83%) and PRO results interpreted for 30 RCTs (45%). Conclusions: Reporting of PRO end-points was more comprehensive in RCTs with primary rather than secondary PRO end-points. Improvement is needed in the transparent reporting of PRO studies, particularly regarding data collection, analyses and generalisability of PRO results.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Diagnosis of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) has become increasingly common because of enhanced detection via routine use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and longer survival of patients by better systemic control. We investigated clinical features and analyzed potential prognostic factors in a large cohort of patients with LM. Methods: The clinical features of LM developing from systemic cancers were analyzed retrospectively in patients at the National Cancer Center during 2005-2014. Results: A total of 519 patients were enrolled; 497 had solid, 19 had hematopoietic tumors and 3 had tumors of unknown etiology. Among the solid tumors, the most common primary tumor was lung cancer (334 patients), followed by breast cancer (96) and gastrointestinal cancer (39). Median age at onset was 56 years, and the median Karnofsky performance status (KPS) was 60. Thirty-five percent of patients were diagnosed by MRI alone, 22% by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology alone, and 42% by both. Treatment included chemotherapy alone in 45%, radiation therapy alone in 10%, and both in 17%; 28% received supportive care alone. Median overall survival was 3 months. KPS ≥70, CSF protein level ≤50 mg/dl at the diagnosis of LM, and active treatment were associated independently with longer overall survival. Upon subgroup analysis of lung cancer patients, non-small cell lung cancer was a favorable prognostic factor for overall survival. Conclusions: Despite improved diagnosis via MRI and vigorous therapy, most patients with LM had poor outcomes. However, patients with a high KPS or normal CSF protein levels had favorable prognoses upon active treatment.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Personalised medicine tumour boards, which leverage genomic data to improve clinical management, are becoming standard for the treatment of many cancers. This paper is designed as a primer to assist clinicians treating head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients with an understanding of the discovery and functional impact of recurrent genetic lesions that are likely to influence the management of this disease in the near future. This manuscript integrates genetic data from publicly available array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH) and next-generation sequencing genetics databases to identify the most common molecular alterations in HNSCC. The importance of these genetic discoveries is reviewed and how they may be incorporated into clinical care decisions is discussed. Considerations for the role of genetic stratification in the clinical management of head and neck cancer are maturing rapidly and can be improved by integrating data sets. This article is meant to summarise the discoveries made using multiple genomic platforms so that the head and neck cancer care provider can apply these discoveries to improve clinical care.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim was to systematically review the characteristics of ovarian cancer in women with Lynch syndrome (LS) and evaluate the role of surveillance in detection of ovarian cancer in LS. Methods: All studies between 1979 and 2015 of women with ovarian cancer and LS or at 50% risk of LS were evaluated. Two reviewers independently evaluated eligible studies and extracted data on age at diagnosis, histological type, FIGO stage, and way of detection according to pre-specified criteria. The studies were assessed for quality using the Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scales. Results: The quality score of the 49 identified studies was at least 6 out of 8 and provide clinical information on 747 LS women with ovarian cancer. The mean age at diagnosis was 45.3 (range 19-82) years. Most frequent mutations were MSH2 (47%) and MLH1 (38%). Histopathological data were available for 445 women. The most frequently reported histological type was mixed type (mucinous/endometrioid/clear cell carcinomas) (n = 136; 31%). Most tumours (281, 65%) were diagnosed at an early stage (FIGO I/II). Six studies evaluating the effect of surveillance of ovarian cancer, reported that seven of 22 (32%) ovarian cancers were found during surveillance, 6/7 (86%) were detected at an early stage. Conclusion: This systematic review describes that ovarian cancer in women with LS has a wide age-range of onset, is often diagnosed at an early stage with frequently endometrioid/clear cell histology. Data about the role of surveillance in detection of ovarian cancer in women with LS are scarce however detection at an early stage seems possible.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The results of recent studies have suggested that high-grade serous ovarian cancer predominantly arises within the fallopian tubes. The reduction of ovarian cancer (OC) risk in women with a history of bilateral salpingectomy (BS) has been reported. We performed a meta-analysis to determine the impact of BS in preventing OC in the general population. Methods: We searched the PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases and CENTRAL in the Cochrane Library for all English-language articles published up to January 2015, using the key words 'ovarian cancer' and 'bilateral salpingectomy.' Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated by standard meta-analysis techniques. Results: Of the 77 studies retrieved, three were included in this meta-analysis, including one cohort study and two population-based case-control studies with 3509 patients who underwent BS and 5,655,702 controls who did not undergo salpingectomy. Over the combined study period, 29 of the 3509 BS patients developed OC compared with 44,006 of the 5,655,702 without salpingectomy. The meta-analysis results based on the fixed effects model revealed a significant decrease in the risk of OC occurrence in the patients who underwent BS relative to the controls (OR=0.51, 95% CI 0.35-0.75, I(2)=0%). This pattern was also observed in subgroup analysis for the study type. Conclusions: Our results suggest that removal of the fallopian tubes is an effective measure to reduce OC risk in the general population. Therefore, prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy should be considered for women who require hysterectomy with benign indications or sterilisation procedures.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are a rare subtype of soft tissue sarcoma. They can arise in irradiated fields, in patients with type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1), or sporadically. MPNST exhibit an aggressive behaviour, and their optimal management remains controversial. An unsolved issue is whether NF1-related and sporadic forms of MPNST have a different prognosis, and should be managed differently. Material and methods: Adult and paediatric patients with histologically confirmed MPNST treated between 1990 and 2013 in French cancer centres of the GSF/GETO network, were included in this retrospective study. Results: A total of 353 patients (37% with NF1 and 59% with sporadic tumours) were analysed. Median age at diagnosis was 42 years (range 1-94). The majority of tumours developed in the limbs, were deep-seated and of high grade. Two hundreds and ninety four patients underwent a curative intent surgery. Among them, 60 patients (21%) had neoadjuvant treatment (mainly chemotherapy), and 173 (59%) had adjuvant treatment (mainly radiotherapy). For operated patients, median progression free and overall survival (OS) were 26.3 months and 95.8 months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, poor-prognosis factors for OS were high grade, deep location, locally advanced stage at diagnosis, and macroscopically incomplete resection (R2). NF1 status was not negatively prognostic, except in the recurrence or metastatic setting, where NF1-related MPNST patients treated with palliative chemotherapy showed worse survival than patients with sporadic forms. Conclusion: To our knowledge, our series is the largest study of patients with MPNST reported to date. For operated patients, we showed a worse prognosis for NF1-related MPNST, due to different clinical features at diagnosis, more than NF1 status itself. The French sarcoma group is now conducting correlative analyses on these patients, using the latest molecular tools.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In resource-constrained environments many patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)+ early breast cancer are currently not offered adjuvant anti-HER2 therapy. For patients who might be able to receive the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) lapatinib (e.g. after patent expiration), it is important to identify subgroups of patients for whom anti-HER2 TKI therapy could be beneficial. To do this, we used data from 2489 patients with centrally confirmed HER2+ disease enrolled in the adjuvant Tykerb Evaluation After Chemotherapy (TEACH) trial, investigating the effect of lapatinib in patients with HER2+ early breast cancer not treated with trastuzumab. We performed subgroup analyses and number-needed-to-treat (NNT) calculations using patient and tumour associated predictors. Hormone receptor negative (HR-) patients on lapatinib had a significantly prolonged disease-free survival (DFS) compared to HR- patients on placebo (hazard ratio 0.64, P=0.003). For patients with HR- disease, starting treatment with lapatinib ≤1 year from diagnosis improved DFS by 12.1% [2.1-22.1] at 2 years and 15.7% [4.1-27.2] at 5 years. Depending on lymph node status and time since diagnosis the NNT for recurrence (at 5 years) was between 5.9 (node positive patients <1 year from diagnosis) and 15.9. These numbers are in range with numbers reported for up-front adjuvant trastuzumab for HR unselected patients (e.g. 15.6 for DFS at 4 years in HERA). In a subgroup analysis of the adjuvant TEACH trial, we show that anti-HER2 monotherapy with a TKI is beneficial as adjuvant therapy in a subgroup of patients. NNT in HER2+ HR- patients are in range with those reported from up-front adjuvant trastuzumab trials.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim of the study: As a rise in mean corpuscular volume (MCV) of the erythrocyte is frequently seen during treatment with imatinib and sunitinib, we investigated whether macrocytosis (MCV > 100 fl) also occurs as a class effect in other tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and whether occurrence of macrocytosis is associated with outcome. Materials and methods: In 533 patients, using 5 TKIs, we investigated if macrocytosis and an increase in MCV were associated with progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) in specific tumour-treatment combinations. Results: Macrocytosis as well as an increase in MCV from baseline of >10 fl (ΔMCV +10 fl), when included as a time-dependent covariate, were associated with improved OS in patients with renal cell cancer (RCC) treated with sunitinib (macrocytosis, hazard ratio [HR] = 0.61, p = 0.031, and ΔMCV +10 fl, HR = 0.58, p = 0.016). Conclusion: In sunitinib-treated patients with RCC, the occurrence of macrocytosis, or a substantial increase in MCV levels after start of treatment, could potentially serve as a positive prognostic factor for survival, if validated prospectively.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: We sought to (i) quantify tablet burden in women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), (ii) establish which groups of drug contribute most to this burden and (iii) gain insight into patients' attitudes towards oral anti-cancer treatment. Methods: One hundred patients with MBC anonymously completed a questionnaire describing their medication histories and attitudes towards their tablets. Results: The patients (mean age 60, range 31-95) were all female and taking a median of six tablets (range 0-31) daily; 37 patients were taking >10 tablets. Oral anticancer treatment constituted the category of treatment taken by the highest proportion of patients, followed by symptomatic cancer treatments, proton pump inhibitors and cardiovascular medication. Numerically, however, symptomatic drugs accounted for 44% of all tablets and specific anti-cancer treatment for 15%; medication not directly related to the cancer accounted for the remaining 40% of tablets. A quarter of patients reported inconvenience in taking their tablets, the main reason being tablet size and one third reported forgetting their tablets at least once a week. Nearly two thirds of patients expressing a preference favoured oral anticancer treatment, the commonest reason being greater convenience. Conclusion: Tablet burden is considerable for many patients with MBC and can be problematic. A significant proportion of tablets represent treatment for co-morbidities, the significance of which may be questionable in women with MBC.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)