Clinical psychology review

Publisher: Elsevier

Current impact factor: 7.18

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 6.81
Cited half-life 7.60
Immediacy index 0.53
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 2.46
Other titles Clinical psychology review (Online), Clinical psychology review
ISSN 1873-7811
OCLC 38537165
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Caregivers of terminally ill patients may experience anticipatory grief or low levels of preparedness for the patient's impending death. Both concepts are related to a forewarning of the impending loss. Anticipatory grief has been suggested to be grief work before the loss, which would improve bereavement outcome, but recent studies indicate a negative impact. Hence, this review systematically investigates key issues relating to anticipatory grief and preparedness for the death; definitions, measurement tools, and potential effects on caregiver outcome. Methods: We used a systematic approach (PRISMA statement). Databases were searched for publications during 1990-2015. Studies on adult caregivers of terminally ill adult patients were included if anticipatory grief or preparedness was assessed by a measurement tool. Results: Anticipatory grief was captured in the definition "pre-loss grief." High levels of grief and low levels of preparedness during caregiving were associated with poor bereavement outcome such as complicated grief. Conclusions: The assumptions that grief work before the loss would alleviate bereavement outcome was not confirmed. Thus, the concept of anticipatory grief is questioned. High preparedness was associated with improved caregiver outcome. Additional support should be given to caregivers with pre-loss grief and low preparedness.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical psychology review
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    ABSTRACT: The majority of studies which have aimed to identify cognitive and motivational factors at play in ADHD have investigated cognitive-control processes and reinforcement effects in isolation. Notably, in recent years, the interaction between these two processes has been increasingly examined. Here, we aimed to provide a comprehensive and critical review of the behavioural and functional neuroimaging studies that have investigated reinforcement effects on inhibitory control in ADHD. The findings of our meta-analyses show that reinforcement can normalize inhibitory control in children and adolescents with ADHD to the baseline level of controls. Furthermore, the data suggests that inhibitory control may improve to a larger extent in youth with ADHD compared with controls, as a function of reinforcement. Based on (1) this review and meta-analyses, (2) functional neuroimaging studies in healthy populations, and (3) existing ADHD and neurobiological models of dual processes, we propose specific guidelines for future research, which are anticipated to further elucidate processes underlying impulsive behaviour associated with ADHD.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical psychology review
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    ABSTRACT: Suicidal thoughts and behaviors are highly prevalent public health problems with devastating consequences. There is an urgent need to improve our understanding of risk factors for suicide to identify effective intervention targets. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the magnitude and clinical utility of anxiety and its disorders as risk factors for suicide ideation, attempts, and deaths. We conducted a literature search through December 2014; of the 65 articles meeting our inclusion criteria, we extracted 180 cases in which an anxiety-specific variable was used to longitudinally predict a suicide-related outcome. Results indicated that anxiety is a statistically significant, yet weak, predictor of suicide ideation (OR. = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.18, 1.88) and attempts (OR = 1.64, 95% CI: 1.47, 1.83), but not deaths (OR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.87, 1.18). The strongest associations were observed for PTSD. Estimates were reduced after accounting for publication bias, and diagnostic accuracy analyses indicated acceptable specificity but poor sensitivity. Overall, the extant literature suggests that anxiety and its disorders, at least when these constructs are measured in isolation and as trait-like constructs, are relatively weak predictors of suicidal thoughts and behaviors over long follow-up periods. Implications for future research priorities are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical psychology review
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    ABSTRACT: Safety behaviors are unnecessary actions used to prevent, escape from, or reduce the severity of a perceived threat. Most cognitive-behavioral theorists posit that the use of safety behaviors during exposure is maladaptive because they interfere with fear reduction. However, there is growing evidence suggesting that the use of safety behaviors can facilitate exposure. In general, the findings are mixed as to whether safety behaviors should be made available during exposure-based interventions. The aim of the current review was to evaluate whether safety behaviors should be made accessible during exposure, and whether under certain circumstances, they facilitate or hinder important exposure outcomes. We examined two functional types of safety behaviors: preventive and restorative. A thorough review of the safety behavior literature from the last three decades was conducted. The evidence suggests (restorative) safety behaviors that allow for full confrontation with a core threat do not interfere with meaningful indicators of successful exposure, whereas (preventive) safety behaviors that hinder engagement with the stimulus or experience may weaken exposure outcomes. The theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed and future directions in the investigation of safety behaviors are suggested.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical psychology review
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    ABSTRACT: Beliefs, attitudes and expectations about therapy are likely to influence engagement, adherence and outcomes in psychological therapy but despite increased research interest in this area, the evidence has not been systematically reviewed or synthesised. This review is the first to explore service user beliefs by synthesising existing quantitative and qualitative research in order to develop a comprehensive understanding of beliefs about psychological therapy in people with psychosis and to identify gaps in the literature. Thirty-five papers were included in this review and synthesised. Themes and subthemes of both service user expectations (including outcomes, process and barriers) and experiences (including satisfaction, outcomes, process and therapist characteristics) are described. High levels of satisfaction and positive regard towards therapy for psychosis were found. However, many clients refuse, do not attend or withdraw from psychological therapy. Data were primarily limited to people who have completed therapy. Expectations about therapy have not been adequately addressed and warrant further exploration. Understanding and managing expectations, including consideration of fears, misconceptions, and potential challenges, could promote engagement. Exploration of beliefs, particularly in those who refuse or terminate therapy, is essential to further our understanding of factors affecting services users' decision-making processes, as well as the efficacy of therapy.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Clinical psychology review
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Sleep dysfunction is extremely common in patients with schizophrenia. Recent research indicates that sleep dysfunction may contribute to psychotic experiences such as delusions and hallucinations. Objectives: The review aims to evaluate the evidence for a relationship between sleep dysfunction and individual psychotic experiences, make links between the theoretical understanding of each, and highlight areas for future research. Method: A systematic search was conducted to identify studies investigating sleep and psychotic experiences across clinical and non-clinical populations. Results: 66 papers were identified. This literature robustly supports the co-occurrence of sleep dysfunction and psychotic experiences, particularly insomnia with paranoia. Sleep dysfunction predicting subsequent psychotic experiences receives support from epidemiological surveys, research on the transition to psychosis, and relapse studies. There is also evidence that reducing sleep elicits psychotic experiences in non-clinical individuals, and that improving sleep in individuals with psychosis may lessen psychotic experiences. Anxiety and depression consistently arise as (partial) mediators of the sleep and psychosis relationship. Conclusion: Studies are needed that: determine the types of sleep dysfunction linked to individual psychotic experiences; establish a causal connection between sleep and psychotic experiences; and assess treatments for sleep dysfunction in patients with non-affective psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Clinical psychology review
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Despite the considerable efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for panic disorder (PD) and agoraphobia, a substantial minority of patients fail to improve for reasons that are poorly understood. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify consistent predictors and moderators of improvement in CBT for PD and agoraphobia. Data sources: A systematic review and meta-analysis of articles was conducted using PsycInfo and PubMed. Search terms included panic, agoraphobi*, cognitive behavio*, CBT, cognitive therapy, behavio* therapy, CT, BT, exposure, and cognitive restructuring. Study selection: Studies were limited to those employing semi-structured diagnostic interviews and examining change on panic- or agoraphobia-specific measures. Data extraction: The first author extracted data on study characteristics, prediction analyses, effect sizes, and indicators of study quality. Interrater reliability was confirmed. Synthesis: 52 papers met inclusion criteria. Agoraphobic avoidance was the most consistent predictor of decreased improvement, followed by low expectancy for change, high levels of functional impairment, and Cluster C personality pathology. Other variables were consistently unrelated to improvement in CBT, understudied, or inconsistently related to improvement. Limitations: Many studies were underpowered and failed to report effect sizes. Tests of moderation were rare. Conclusions: Apart from agoraphobic avoidance, few variables consistently predict improvement in CBT for PD and/or agoraphobia across studies.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Clinical psychology review