Publisher: International Bone and Mineral Society, Elsevier

Current impact factor: 3.97

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 3.973
2013 Impact Factor 4.461
2012 Impact Factor 3.823
2011 Impact Factor 4.023
2010 Impact Factor 4.601
2009 Impact Factor 4.089
2008 Impact Factor 4.145
2007 Impact Factor 3.966
2006 Impact Factor 3.829
2005 Impact Factor 3.939
2004 Impact Factor 3.53
2003 Impact Factor 3.572
2002 Impact Factor 3.755
2001 Impact Factor 3.247
2000 Impact Factor 3.998
1999 Impact Factor 3.961
1998 Impact Factor 3.272
1997 Impact Factor 2.93
1996 Impact Factor 2.083
1995 Impact Factor 2.134
1994 Impact Factor 2.051
1993 Impact Factor 2.896
1992 Impact Factor 2.405

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 4.31
Cited half-life 7.50
Immediacy index 0.77
Eigenfactor 0.04
Article influence 1.33
Other titles Bone (New York, N.Y.: Online), Bone
ISSN 1873-2763
OCLC 38871185
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
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    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • Joshua F Yarrow · Hale Z Toklu · Alex Balaez · Ean G Phillips · Dana M Otzel · Cong Chen · Thomas J Wronski · J Ignacio Aguirre · Yasemin Sakarya · Nihal Tümer · Philip J Scarpace
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    ABSTRACT: Dietary-induced obesity (DIO) resulting from high-fat (HF) or high-sugar diets produces a host of deleterious metabolic consequences including adverse bone development. We compared the effects of feeding standard rodent chow (Control), a 30% moderately HF (starch-based/sugar-free) diet, or a combined 30%/40% HF/high-fructose (HF/F) diet for 12weeks on cancellous/cortical bone development in male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 8weeks. Both HF feeding regimens reduced the lean/fat mass ratio, elevated circulating leptin, and reduced serum total antioxidant capacity (tAOC) when compared with Controls. Distal femur cancellous bone mineral density (BMD) was 23-34% lower in both HF groups (p<0.001) and was characterized by lower cancellous bone volume (BV/TV, p<0.01), lower trabecular number (Tb.N, p<0.001), and increased trabecular separation versus Controls (p<0.001). Cancellous BMD, BV/TV, and Tb.N were negatively associated with leptin and positively associated with tAOC at the distal femur. Similar cancellous bone deficits were observed at the proximal tibia, along with increased bone marrow adipocyte density (p<0.05), which was negatively associated with BV/TV and Tb.N. HF/F animals also exhibited lower osteoblast surface and reduced circulating osteocalcin (p<0.05). Cortical thickness (p<0.01) and tissue mineral density (p<0.05) were higher in both HF-fed groups versus Controls, while whole bone biomechanical characteristics were not different among groups. These results demonstrate that "westernized" HF diets worsen cancellous, but not cortical, bone parameters in skeletally-immature male rats and that fructose incorporation into HF diets does not exacerbate bone loss. In addition, they suggest that leptin and/or oxidative stress may influence DIO-induced alterations in adolescent bone development.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Bone
  • Luisa A Meyer · Michael G Johnson · Diane M Cullen · JuanF Vivanco · Robert D Blank · Heidi-Lynn Ploeg · Everett L Smith
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    ABSTRACT: Increased bone formation resulting from mechanical loading is well documented; however, the interactions of the mechanotransduction pathways are less well understood. Endothelin-1, a ubiquitous autocrine/paracrine signaling molecule promotes osteogenesis in metastatic disease. In the present study, it was hypothesized that exposure to big endothelin-1 (big ET1) and/or mechanical loading would promote osteogenesis in ex vivo trabecular bone cores. In a 2×2 factorial trial of daily mechanical loading (-2000 με, 120cycles daily, "jump" waveform) and big ET1 (25ng/mL), 48 bovine sternal trabecular bone cores were maintained in bioreactor chambers for 23days. The bone cores' response to the treatment stimuli was assessed with percent change in core apparent elastic modulus (ΔEapp), static and dynamic histomorphometry, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) secretion. Two-way ANOVA with a post hoc Fisher's LSD test found no significant treatment effects on ΔEapp (p=0.25 and 0.51 for load and big ET1, respectively). The ΔEapp in the "no load + big ET1" (CE, 13±12.2%, p=0.56), "load + no big ET1" (LC, 17±3.9%, p=0.14) and "load + big ET1" (LE, 19±4.2%, p=0.13) treatment groups were not statistically different than the control group (CC, 3.3%±8.6%). Mineralizing surface (MS/BS), mineral apposition (MAR) and bone formation rates (BFR/BS) were significantly greater in LE than CC (p=0.037, 0.0040 and 0.019, respectively). While the histological bone formation markers in LC trended to be greater than CC (p=0.055, 0.11 and 0.074, respectively) there was no difference between CE and CC (p=0.61, 0.50 and 0.72, respectively). Cores in LE and LC had more than 50% greater MS/BS (p=0.037, p=0.055 respectively) and MAR (p=0.0040, p=0.11 respectively) than CC. The BFR/BS was more than two times greater in LE (p=0.019) and LC (p=0.074) than CC. The PGE2 levels were elevated at 8days post-osteotomy in all groups and the treatment groups remained elevated compared to the CC group on days 15, 19 and 23. The data suggest that combined exposure to big ET1 and mechanical loading results in increased osteogenesis as measured in biomechanical, histomorphometric and biochemical responses.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Bone
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    ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most abundant genetic variants that contribute to the heritability of bone mass. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) are key post-transcriptional regulators that modulate the differentiation and function of skeletal cells by targeting multiple genes in same or distinct signaling pathways. SNPs in miRNA genes and miRNA binding sites can alter miRNA abundance and mRNA targeting. This review describes the potential impact of miRNA-related SNPs on skeletal phenotype. Although many associations between SNPs and bone mass have been described, this review is limited to gene variants for which a function has been experimentally validated. SNPs in miRNA genes (miR-SNPs) that impair miRNA processing and alter the abundance of mature miRNA are discussed for miR-146a, miR-125a, miR-196a, miR-149 and miR-27a. SNPs in miRNA targeting sites (miR-TS-SNPs) that alter miRNA binding are described for the bone remodeling genes bone morphogenetic protein receptor 1 (Bmpr1), fibroblast growth factor 2 (Fgf2), osteonectin (Sparc) and histone deacetylase 5 (Hdac5). The review highlights two aspects of miRNA-associated SNPs: the mechanism for altering miRNA mediated gene regulation, and the potential of miR-associated SNPs to alter osteoblast, osteoclast or chondrocyte differentiation and function. Given the polygenic nature of skeletal diseases like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, validating the function of additional miRNA-associated SNPs has the potential to enhance our understanding of the genetic determinants of bone mass and predisposition to selected skeletal diseases.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Bone
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence has suggested an association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and bone fractures. However, because of controversial results it is still not clear whether this effect is protective or detrimental. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of prospective studies to assess the association between them. Pertinent studies were identified by searching PubMed and EMBASE databases until the end of July 2015. Summary relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between MetS and fracture risk were estimated with random effects models. Our meta-analysis included five prospective studies. The summarized RRs of any type of fractures for MetS were 0.76 (95%CI: 0.59-0.97, P = 0.026) with moderate heterogeneity (I(2) = 63.80%, P = 0.064). Notably, subgroup analyses by gender showed that significant inverse associations were observed only in men (summarized RR = 0.66; 95%CI = 0.51-0.86, P = 0.002; I(2) = 27.90%, P = 0.235; n = 5) but not in women (summarized RR = 0.96, 95%CI: 0.60-1.54, P = 0.866; I(2) = 83.40%, P = 0.002; n = 3). However, the difference of the pooled RRs from the two subgroups did not reach statistical significance with a test of interaction (p = 0.179 for the interaction test). When pooling the RRs of non-vertebral fractures, significant inverse associations were similarly observed in men (RR = 0.72, 95%CI: 0.52-0.99, P = 0.048) but not in women (RR = 0.99, 95%CI: 0.60-1.64, P = 0.969). There was no evidence of publication bias. Our findings demonstrated that MetS was significantly associated with a lower fracture risk. There might be gender differences in the relationship of MetS with fractures, but further confirmation is needed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Bone
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    ABSTRACT: The mammalian skeleton stores calcium and phosphate ions in bone matrix. Numerous osteocytes in osteocyte lacunae extend a large number of dendrites into canaliculi that are less than a micron in diameter and distributed throughout bone matrix. Although osteoclasts are the primary bone-resorbing cells, osteocytes are also thought to dissolve hydroxyapatite at peri-lacunar bone matrix. However, robust three-dimensional evidence for peri-canalicular bone dissolution has been lacking. Here we applied a previously reported Talbot-defocus multiscan tomography method for synchrotron X-ray microscopy and analyzed the degree of bone mineralization in mouse cortical bone around the lacuno-canalicular network, which is connected with blood vessels and with the peri- and endosteum. We detected cylindrical low mineral density regions spreading around canaliculi derived from a subset of osteocytes. Transmission electron microscopy revealed both intact and demineralized bone matrix around the canaliculus. Peri-canalicular low mineral density regions were also observed in osteopetrotic mice lacking osteoclasts; therefore, osteoclasts are dispensable for peri-canalicular demineralization. These data suggest that bone demineralization can occur from within through the canalicular system, and that peri-canalicular demineralization occurs not uniformly but directed by individual osteocytes. Blockade of peri-canalicular demineralization may be a therapeutic strategy to increase bone mass and quality.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Bone

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Bone
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    ABSTRACT: While epidemiologic studies suggest that bone turnover biomarkers may predict hip fracture risk, findings are inconsistent and Asian data are lacking. We conducted a matched case-control (1:1) study nested in the Singapore Chinese Health Study, a population-based prospective cohort of Chinese men and women (45-74years) recruited from 1993 to 1998 in Singapore. One hundred cases with incident hip fracture and 100 individually matched controls were randomly selected from 63,257 participants. Serum bone turnover biomarkers, namely bone alkaline phosphatase (bone ALP), osteocalcin (OC), procollagen type I N propeptide (PINP), N-terminal and C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX-I and CTX-I) were measured using immunoassays. Hip fracture cases had significantly higher serum levels of OC, PINP, CTX-I and NTX-I than controls (p<0.05). There was a dose-dependent positive relationship between OC, PINP, CTX-I and NTX-I and risk of hip fracture (all Ps for trend≤0.006), where the risk was significantly increased by 4.32-8.23 folds for the respective BTM [Quartile (Q) 4 vs. Q1]. The odds ratio [OR (95% CI)] at the highest quartile (Q4) was 6.63 (2.02-21.18) for PINP and 4.92 (1.67-14.51) for CTX-I. The joint effect of PINP and CTX-I showed a 7-fold increase in risk (OR: 7.36; 95% CI: 2.53-21.41) comparing participants with higher levels of PINP (Q4) and CTX-I (Q3-Q4) to those with low levels of PINP (Q1-3) and CTX-I (Q1-Q2). Our data demonstrated that higher serum levels of bone turnover biomarkers were associated with increased risk of hip fracture in an Asian population.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Bone
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased fracture risk, however the fracture risk is 7 fold increased in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and 1.4 fold increased in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with decreased and increased bone mineral density, respectively. Oral ingestion of glucose causes an acute decrease in bone turnover markers, and thus glucose levels may affect bone turnover in diabetes. Objective: The aim was to examine disparities in bone turnover markers between patients with T1D and T2D and evaluate the effect of glucose on bone turnover. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Patients diagnosed with T1D (n=98) or T2D (n=96) were included from the outpatient clinics at two University Hospitals. All individuals had normal renal function. Glucose and bone turnover markers were measured in non-fasting blood samples. Results: P-Procollagen type 1 amino terminal propeptide (P1NP), p-osteocalcin (OC), and s-Receptor Activator of Nuclear factor Kappa beta Ligand (RANKL) were lower in patients with T2D compared to T1D, and s-osteoprotegerin (OPG) was higher in T2D. P-C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type-I collagen (CTX), p-fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), p-sclerostin, and p-undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) were similar in between the two groups of patients. Increasing non-fasting glucose levels were inversely related to p-CTX, p-P1NP, p-OC, and p-ucOC and directly related to s-OPG in simple linear and multiple linear regressions adjusted for factors influencing bone turnover markers including HbA1c. Conclusion: Bone turnover markers were lower in patients with T2D compared to T1D. Acute blood glucose alterations may change bone turnover mediated by OPG and have detrimental effects on bone health in diabetes. Trial registration number: ClinicalTrials.govNCT01870557.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Bone
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    ABSTRACT: Since its discovery as a potent inhibitor for muscle development, myostatin has been actively pursued as a drug target for age- and disease-related muscle loss. However, potential adverse effects of long-term myostatin deficiency have not been thoroughly investigated. We report herein that male myostatin null mice (mstn(-/-)), in spite of their greater muscle mass compared to wild-type (wt) mice, displayed more significant functional decline from young (3-6months) to middle age (12-15months) than age-matched wt mice, measured as gripping strength and treadmill endurance. Mstn(-/-) mice displayed markedly restricted ankle mobility and degenerative changes of the ankle joints, including disorganization of bone, tendon and peri-articular connective tissue, as well as synovial thickening with inflammatory cell infiltration. Messenger RNA expression of several pro-osteogenic genes was higher in the Achilles tendon-bone insertion in mstn(-/-) mice than wt mice, even at the neonatal age. At middle age, higher plasma concentrations of growth factors characteristic of excessive bone remodeling were found in mstn(-/-) mice than wt controls. These data collectively indicate that myostatin may play an important role in maintaining ankle and wrist joint health, possibly through negative regulation of the pro-osteogenic WNT/BMP pathway.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Bone
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity and osteoporosis have become major public health challenges worldwide. The brain is well established as a pivotal regulator of energy homeostasis, appetite and fuel metabolism. However, there is now clear evidence for regulation between the brain and bone. Similarly, evidence also indicates that the involvement of brain in bone and adipose regulation is both related and interdependent.The hypothalamus, with its semi-permeable blood brain barrier, is one of the most powerful regulatory regions within the body, integrating and relaying signals not only from peripheral tissues but also from within the brain itself. Two main neuronal populations within the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus regulate energy homeostasis: The orexigenic, appetite-stimulating neurons that co-express neuropeptide Y and agouti-related peptide and the anorexigenic, appetite-suppressing neurons that co-express proopiomelanocortin and cocaine- and amphetamine related transcript. From within the arcuate, these four neuropeptides encompass some of the most powerful control of energy homeostasis in the entire body. Moreover, they also regulate skeletal homeostasis, identifying a co-ordination network linking the processes of bone and energy homeostasis. Excitingly, the number of central neuropeptides and neural factors known to regulate bone and energy homeostasis continues to grow, with cannabinoid receptors and semaphorins also involved in bone homeostasis. These neuronal pathways represent a growing area of research that is identifying novel regulatory axes between the brain and the bone, and links with other homeostatic networks; thereby revealing a far more complex, and interdependent bone biology than previously envisioned. This review examines the current understanding of the central regulation of bone and energy metabolism.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Bone
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    ABSTRACT: The high resolution peripheral computed tomography (HR-pQCT) technique has seen recent developments with regard to the assessment of cortical porosity. In this study, we investigated the role of cortical porosity on bone strength in a large cohort of women. The distal radius and distal tibia were scanned by HR-pQCT. We assessed bone strength by estimating the failure load by microfinite element analysis (μFEA), with isotropic and homogeneous material properties. We built a multivariate model to predict it, using a few microarchitecture variables including cortical porosity. Among 857 Caucasian women analyzed with μFEA, we found that cortical and trabecular properties, along with the failure load, impaired slightly with advancing age in premenopausal women, the correlations with age being modest, with |rage| ranging from 0.14 to 0.38. After the onset of the menopause, those relationships with age were stronger for most parameters at both sites, with |rage| ranging from 0.10 to 0.64, notably for cortical porosity and failure load, which were markedly deteriorated with increasing age. Our multivariate model using microarchitecture parameters revealed that cortical porosity played a significant role in bone strength prediction, with semipartial r(2)=0.22 only at the tibia in postmenopausal women. In conclusion, in our large cohort of women, we observed a small decline of bone strength at the tibia before the onset of menopause. We also found an age-related increase of cortical porosity at both scanned sites in premenopausal women. In postmenopausal women, the relatively high increase of cortical porosity accounted for the decline in bone strength only at the tibia.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Bone
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    ABSTRACT: Subclinical hyperthyroidism has been reported to increase the fracture risk. However, the effect of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppressive therapy on bone geometry in the hip area of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) is still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TSH suppression on bone geometry in the hip area of pre- and postmenopausal women with DTC. We conducted a retrospective cohort study including 99 women with DTC (25 pre- and 74 postmenopausal) who had received TSH suppressive therapy for at least 3years and 297 control subjects (75 and 222, respectively) matched for sex and age. Bone mineral density (BMD) in the spine and hip area and bone geometry at the femoral neck measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were compared between patients and controls. The association between thyroid hormone and bone parameters was investigated. All analyses of bone parameters were adjusted for age, body mass index, and serum calcium levels. In premenopausal subjects, TSH suppressive therapy was not associated with poor bone parameters. In postmenopausal subjects, patients with DTC undergoing TSH suppression showed lower cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMI), cross-sectional area, and section modulus and thinner cortical thickness at the femoral neck than those of control subjects, whereas their femoral neck BMD was comparable with controls. Total hip BMD was lower in postmenopausal patients than in controls. CSMI and section modulus at the femoral neck were independently associated with serum free T4 levels in postmenopausal patients. The difference in femoral neck bone geometry between patients and controls was only apparent in postmenopausal DTC patients with free T4 >1.79ng/dL, and not in those with free T4 levels ≤1.79ng/dL. TSH suppression in postmenopausal DTC patients was associated with decreased bone strength by altering bone geometry rather than BMD in the hip area, especially the femoral neck. This alteration in bone quality was observed only in patients with free T4 levels above the upper normal limit.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Bone