international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine

Publisher: Springer Verlag

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Other titles International journal of stomatology and occlusion medicine
ISSN 1867-2221
OCLC 316227121
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

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Springer Verlag

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Trauma in the oral region and tooth avulsion are a major part of injuries in children, adolescents, and young adults. Established methods used to manage these cases provide mainly repair, but not regeneration. Tissue engineering paves the way for research in the new field of regenerative endodontics to overcome the limits of conservative strategies. This review aims to provide an overview of the available in vitro and in vivo models for dental pulp regeneration. The review covers different in vitro models, including two- and three-dimensional models and organ cultures, comprising both ectopic and orthotopic approaches. These models show the great potential of tissue engineering for regenerative endodontics, which can lead to regeneration of the pulp–dentin complex in future.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Coronoid process hyperplasia is one of a large number of disorders affecting the stomatognathic system and causing mandibular hypomobility. It is characterized by an excessive coronoid process growing to such an extent that it impinges on the posterior portion of the zygomatic bones. Despite the low prevalence of this condition, it should be considered as a possible diagnosis in patients with painless, progressive, and chronic restriction of mouth opening. The diagnosis is based on clinical signs in association with radiographic examinations. Coronoidectomy is the only treatment option for this condition along with early postoperative physical therapy. This article presents the case of a patient with bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia, who was initially diagnosed as having bilateral temporomandibular joint disorders. The patient underwent months of physiotherapy and bite-appliance therapy without any improvement in mouth opening. FinalIy, he was referred to La Timone Hospital for a proper diagnosis and, consequently, effective treatment.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background Maxillary canines are the most frequently impacted teeth after the third molars. Material and methods The study was performed on 50 impacted maxillary canines. The selected patients were examined systematically and radiological examinations were carried out, which included two periapical, a cross-sectional maxillary occlusal radiograph, and a panoramic radiograph for each impacted canine. The two periapical radiographs were taken using the tube shift technique with a horizontal tube shift. Correct prediction of the labiolingual position of canine impaction is possible by using the same-side-lingual opposite-side-buccal (SLOB) technique. Therefore the results of this technique were used as gold standard in our study. Results Out of 50 impacted canines, 17 (34 %) were located bucally, 32 (64 %) palatally, and 1 (2 %) in the arch. In all, 40.7 % and 26.1 % of the impacted maxillary canines were located buccally in males and females, respectively. When compared with the results of the SLOB technique, intraoral periapical (IOPA) and occlusal (vertical and horizontal angulation) radiographs, IOPA radiographs and orthopantomograms (OPGs), and occlusal radiographs and OPGs showed statistically significant results. Although OPG also showed statistically significant results, it was a less reliable method. OPG used with occlusal radiographs yielded the most reliable results. Conclusion Conventional radiography has remained the technique of choice for localization of impacted canines owing to its wide availability, low cost, and less radiation exposure when compared with other advanced modalities such as computed tomography and cone beam computed tomography.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Odontogenic myxoma is a rare and locally invasive benign neoplasm. Despite being benign, it has a high recurrence rate and is troublesome to manage surgically. Method In this review we attempt to unravel the mysteries and controversies surrounding various aspects of odontogenic myxoma by searching the available literature on PubMed using Mesh terms. Case reports were excluded from the review. Conclusion We justify why odontogenic myxoma is considered a black sheep in oral and maxillofacial surgery.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: A dentigerous cyst is an odontogenic cyst that develops from reduced enamel epithelium and is associated with the crown of an impacted tooth. It is the second most common cyst after radicular cysts. It is mostly seen in the second and third decades of life and is rarely encountered in children. Dentigerous cysts are most common in mandibular molars, and are rare in premolars and canines. They are usually asymptomatic, unless they are secondarily infected. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a state-of-the-art three-dimensional imaging modality used in all areas of dentistry specifically for maxillofacial imaging. Because of its features, the role of CBCT has been extended from diagnosis to surgical management. This report describes a case of a dentigerous cyst in a 12-year-old patient involving an impacted right mandibular second premolar, a rare entity. Using CBCT, canal mapping was performed to extricate the extension of the cyst with the mandibular canal, helping the surgeon during surgical management. The present report also highlights the role of CBCT in the preoperative assessment and management of dentigerous cysts.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Cleidocranial dysplasia is an autosomal dominant inherited condition consisting of a generalized skeletal disorder, characterized by clavicular aplasia (deficient formation of the clavicles), delayed and imperfect ossification of the cranium, moderately short stature, and a variety of other skeletal abnormalities. Associated dental signs are present in 93.5 % patients and include failure of tooth eruption with multiple supernumerary teeth, dilaceration of roots, crown germination, microdontia, high arched palate, midface hypoplasia, and high gonial angle. The present case report describes the treatment of a patient with cleidocranial dysplasia. An interdisciplinary approach of prosthodontics and oral surgery was used. Exfoliation of the patient’s deciduous teeth and failure of permanent anterior tooth eruption caused emotional, social, and self-esteem issues in the patient. The use of magnetic-retained overlay removable partial denture prostheses is described.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background The present work aimed to describe the incidental findings in a study of immediate loading of dental implants in pigs, i.e., the correlation between implant integration and the side of implantation. Methods In 11 adult miniature pigs, maxillary and mandibular premolars and the first molar were bilaterally extracted. A total of 100 dental implants with different surface characteristics were evaluated in the first stage. In the second stage, the two types of implants that yielded the best results were tested under loading conditions for 6 months. Statistical analysis included a one-way analysis of variance and a Holm-Sidak test. Results Histometric results showed significant differences in the bone-to-implant contact depending on the side of implantation. Higher rates of contact were found for implants placed in the left side; this was not related to the type of implant used. Conclusions Our results indicate that the side of implantation is important in dental implant research, at least in miniature pigs. We recommend that for each surgical procedure notes should be made about the side first operated on and whether the dentist was right- or left-handed. Moreover, special attention should be paid to objects placed in the animal pens so as to avoid the development of inappropriate behaviors in animals.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background The aim of the present study was to evaluate the validity of the German version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-G) in comparison with the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and to evaluate whether gender has a potential influence on OHIP scores and dimensions in oral lichen planus (OLP) patients. Methods Patients diagnosed with OLP between 2011 and 2013 at the Department of Oral Surgery, Medical University Vienna, were included in this cross-sectional prospective study. Patients were evaluated using the Clinical Severity Index (CSI) and OHIP. Results Out of 62 patients, 69 % were women with a mean age of 59 ± 11 years and 31 % men with a mean age of 59 ± 15 years. The mean CSI score was 2.6 ± 1.3 in women and 2.5 ± 1.3 in men. The OHIP-G score for women was 59.42 ± 39.26 and 37.84 ± 27.15 for men. Linear regression analysis showed a significant impact of disease severity and gender on total scores, the subscore physical pain, and the dimension orofacial pain. The four additional items in the German version were significantly influenced by gender. Conclusions Beside clinical severity, gender influences the perception of pain significantly. Therefore pain measures should be used to compare intraindividual changes.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Various studies have endorsed the use of corticosteroids for minimizing the postoperative sequelae including trismus and swelling following surgical extraction of mandibular third molars. The exact dosage, mode of administration, and time of administration of corticosteroids varies in the literature. In this review, we propose and discuss a novel method of administration of corticosteroids for surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. The time and dose required to achieve a reliable clinical effect are also discussed. This article highlights and reviews the novel technique of administration of corticosteroid via intraspace injection, the composition of the drug used for this technique, the physical and chemical evaluation of the twin-mix solution, and comparative clinical trials with a control drug.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: With the introduction of three-dimensional imaging in the field of dentistry, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has generated great interest in various applications in orthodontics. As orthodontic treatment revolves around correcting a malocclusion in three dimensions, the earlier use of two-dimensional radiographs limited our view of anatomical structures greatly. In orthodontics, CBCT can be very useful in the assessment of limits of tooth movement according to the envelope of discrepancy, study of craniofacial morphology, study of dental development, assessment of the airway, assessment of treatment outcome, and patient education. In addition, many relationships of the craniofacial complex, such as the position of the mandibular condyles in the temporomandibular fossa with respect to the occlusal scheme and the association of airway abnormalities to craniofacial morphology, cannot be evaluated with conventional imaging approaches. In this article, we shed light on the current practices and use of CBCT in orthodontics, its advantages to the orthodontist and the patient, and whether CBCT can replace traditional orthodontic imaging techniques.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to examine, after setting several restorations, the influence of adjusted occlusal interference during gum chewing on blood flow in the prefrontal area as determined using near-infrared spectroscopy. Material and methods: The physiological rate was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaire. We selected 16 patients who desired prosthetic restorative treatment on the lateral dentition, and eight healthy volunteers. Subjects were divided into three eight-person groups. One group received restorations on the premolar area (PA), another group received restorations on the molar area (MA), and the control group (CT) received no prosthetic restorations. The spectroscope was fastened to the frontal region of the head after placement of the final restoration, but before adjustment. Results: Pre-adjustment (first gum chewing for CT) blood flow in the prefrontal cortex was measured during gum chewing. Blood flow was again measured during gum chewing after the restoration (second gum chewing for CT) had been adjusted in accordance with the subjective assessment of the patient while wearing the device. The VAS provided quantification of comfort during gum chewing before and after restoration adjustment. For the PA and MA groups, adjusting restorations decreased discomfort significantly during gum chewing. Moreover, in the MA group, prefrontal blood flow was significantly reduced, and blood flow correlated with discomfort. Conclusions: Activation of the prefrontal area may provide an objective criterion for judging the functionality of occlusion after prosthetic occlusal reconstruction and/or orthodontics.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and etiology of maxillary sinus retention cysts (RCs) in a Turkish patient population in the Middle Black Sea region by using panoramic radiography. Material and methods We retrospectively reviewed 9,659 panoramic radiographs that were taken from March 2012 to January 2014. The number, location, and the size of the RCs as well as the age, gender, dental status, and radiographic dental findings of the patients were recorded. Results Of the 9,659 patients, 158 had RCs with a frequency of 1.6 %. Male patients had significantly more RCs than female patients did (p 2 with a mean of 3.7 cm2. Conclusion This study shows that the prevalence of RCs is low (1.6 %) and the frequency of RCs diminishes slightly with age. Most of the patients that had RCs were dentate, and dental findings were observed in around 50 % of the patients. Therefore, dental pathology may be considered to be a contributing factor for RCs. According to the findings of our study, the size and prevalence of RCs are not age dependent.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of an oral hygiene protocol for the improvement of oral health and periodontal conditions in maxillofacial cancer patients. Patients and methods The study comprised 30 patients, 12 men (40 %) and 18 women (60 %), with a mean age of 54 ± 15 years (range, 39-69 years). They were all oral cancer patients, not completely edentulous, treated either with or without adjuvant radiotherapy. They were scheduled for a standardized protocol of five medical examinations every 20 days. The plaque index (PI) and the community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN) were used to asses oral hygiene and periodontal conditions, recorded on a 3-point scale (poor/good/optimum). Results Poor oral hygiene conditions were reported in 26 patients (86.66 %, group 1) on the first medical examination (T0), while four patients (13.34 %, group 2) had good oral hygiene. Group 1 continued with the scheduled check-ups every 20 days (T1, T2, T3, and T4), while group 2 needed only a second medical examination (T1) to achieve an optimum state of oral health. At the end of the treatment, 24 patients (80 %) reached good/optimum (n = 16 and n = 8, respectively) oral hygiene and were therefore included in the maintenance program (1/90 days). The remaining part of the sample (n = 6, 20 %) showed poor oral hygiene after five medical examinations and is currently in treatment to improve periodontal conditions and oral hygiene. Conclusions The development of a protocol for oral hygiene in maxillofacial cancer patients increases the success of prosthetic rehabilitation and improves their quality of life.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background Sleep bruxism (SB) causes many dental problems and complications with fixed partial dentures on implants. Although it is an important issue in clinical dentistry, no reliable treatment is available for SB. In the present study, we employed the electromyographic biofeedback device SleepGuardTM, which is attached to the forehead, detects SB, and alerts subjects with a gentle beeping sound to stop SB. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effects of biofeedback treatment on the incidence of masticatory muscle activity, sleep quality, and psychological stress levels. Materials and methods Ten subjects (five male and five female subjects) participated in the study, and a crossover design was used. Sleep measurements were taken on three consecutive nights to obtain data without SleepGuardTM (baseline group), with SleepGuardTM with the beeping sound (on group), and with SleepGuardTM without the beeping sound (off group). Data obtained on the final day were evaluated. STAI-JYZ scores were assessed and salivary chromogranin A (CgA) levels and cortisol concentrations were measured to compare psychological and physical stress after sleep. Friedman’s and Dunn’s tests were used to compare each parameter among the three groups. Results A marked decrease was observed in the incidence of SB events per hour in seven subjects in the on group. The beeping of SleepGuardTM did not affect the percentage of sleep stages, salivary CgA levels, cortisol concentrations, or STAI-JYZ scores. Conclusion Our results suggest that biofeedback therapy with a beeping sound inhibited SB without negatively impacting sleep quality or psychological stress.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background Onplants are skeletal orthodontic anchorage devices that serve as alternatives to the frequently used miniscrews and palatal implants. Since onplants are not placed in bone, immediate loading is not possible and treatment may be prolonged. The purpose of this study was to improve the onplant surface by nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) coating and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) biofunctionalization to enhance osseointegration. Materials and methods Forty-eight onplants were placed on the palate and the mandible of three domestic pigs. The onplants were divided into three groups of the same size: (1) uncoated, (2) coated with NCD, (3) coated with NCD and functionalized with BMP-2. After 6 weeks, the pigs were sacrificed and the samples were subjected to radiographic, histologic, and histomorphometric analyses. Results Ten of the 48 onplants were lost. There was no significant difference between the samples in the upper and the lower jaw. The BMP-2 functionalized onplants showed higher bone-to-implant contact than the other groups albeit without significance. Conclusion The results of this pilot study show that BMP-2 biofunctionalization of NCD-coated onplants improves osseointegration and may suggest its clinical use in orthodontics. Due to the high loss rate, more investigations are required to confirm the beneficial effects and the current data should be interpreted with caution.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine