Ophthalmic epidemiology

Publisher: International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology, Informa Healthcare

Current impact factor: 1.15

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.148
2013 Impact Factor 1.271
2012 Impact Factor 2.182
2011 Impact Factor 1.453
2010 Impact Factor 1.364
2009 Impact Factor 1.927
2008 Impact Factor 1.369
2007 Impact Factor 1.341
2006 Impact Factor 1.64
2005 Impact Factor 1.19
2004 Impact Factor 1.246

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.71
Cited half-life 7.30
Immediacy index 0.39
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.56
Other titles Ophthalmic epidemiology (Online)
ISSN 1744-5086
OCLC 42207974
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Informa Healthcare

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  • Post-print
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  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
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    • Non-commercial
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    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents including ranibizumab and aflibercept are used to treat patients with ocular disorders such as neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD); however, the injections are associated with rare instances of severe ocular inflammation. This study compared severe ocular inflammation rates in patients treated with ranibizumab versus aflibercept. Methods: United States physician-level claims data covering an 18-month period for each therapy were analyzed. The primary analysis compared severe ocular inflammation event rates per 1000 injections. Sensitivity and subgroup analyses evaluated the impact of factors including intraocular surgery, intravitreal antibiotic administration, and previous intravitreal injections. Results: The analysis included 432,794 injection claims (ranibizumab n = 253,647, aflibercept n = 179,147); significantly, more unique severe ocular inflammation events occurred in patients receiving aflibercept than ranibizumab (1.06/1000 injections, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.91-1.21, vs. 0.64/1000 injections, 95% CI 0.54-0.74; p < 0.0001). Comparable results were observed for analyses of patients who had undergone glaucoma or cataract surgeries, had antibiotic-associated endophthalmitis, had non-antibiotic-associated endophthalmitis, and were non-treatment-naive. In contrast, no significant differences in severe ocular inflammation claims were recorded in treatment-naive patients who had no record of anti-VEGF treatment in the 6 months preceding the index claim. No significant change occurred in the rate of severe ocular inflammation claims over time following ranibizumab treatment. Conclusions: Severe ocular inflammation was more frequent following intravitreal injection with aflibercept than with ranibizumab during routine clinical use in patients with nAMD. This highlights the importance of real-world, post-approval, observational monitoring of novel medicines, and may aid clinical decision-making, including choice of anti-VEGF agent.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To assess validity of teacher-based vision screening and elicit factors associated with accuracy of vision screening in Vietnam. Methods: After brief training, teachers independently measured visual acuity (VA) in 555 children aged 12-15 years in Ba Ria - Vung Tau Province. Teacher VA measurements were compared to those of refractionists. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated for uncorrected VA (UVA) and presenting VA (PVA) 20/40 or worse in either eye. Chi-square, Fisher's exact test and multivariate logistic regression were used to assess factors associated with accuracy of vision screening. Level of significance was set at 5%. Results: Trained teachers in Vietnam demonstrated 86.7% sensitivity, 95.7% specificity, 86.7% positive predictive value and 95.7% negative predictive value in identifying children with visual impairment using the UVA measurement. PVA measurement revealed low accuracy for teachers, which was significantly associated with child's age, sex, spectacle wear and myopic status, but UVA measurement showed no such associations. Conclusions: Better accuracy was achieved in measurement of VA and identification of children with visual impairment using UVA measurement compared to PVA. UVA measurement is recommended for teacher-based vision screening programs.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To determine the associations of systemic diseases with intermediate uveitis. Methods: The medical records of 50 consecutive cases with intermediate uveitis referred to The Eye Center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, were reviewed. Age- and sex-matched patients without uveitis served as controls. Patients had complete ophthalmic and medical examinations. Results: There were 27 male and 23 female patients. Mean age was 29 years with a range of 5-62 years. Overall, 21 cases (42%) had systemic disorders associated with intermediate uveitis and 29 cases (58%) had no associated systemic disease. A total of 11 patients (22%) had asthma, 4 (8%) had multiple sclerosis, 3 (6%) had presumed ocular tuberculosis, 1 (2%) had inflammatory bowel disease, 1 (2%) had non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 1 (2%) had sarcoidosis. Evidence of systemic disease was found in 50 (5%) of the 1,000 control subjects. Bronchial asthma was found in 37 patients (3.7 %), multiple sclerosis in 9 patients (0.9%), inflammatory bowel disease in 3 patients (0.3%), and tuberculosis in 1 patient (0.1%). None of the control patients had sarcoidosis or lymphoma. There were statistically significant associations between intermediate uveitis and bronchial asthma (p = 0.0001), multiple sclerosis (p = 0.003) and tuberculosis (p = 0.0005). Conclusion: Bronchial asthma and multiple sclerosis were the most frequently encountered systemic diseases associated with intermediate uveitis in our patient population. Patients with intermediate uveitis should undergo careful history-taking and investigations to rule out associated systemic illness.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To examine the relationship between self-reported sleep duration and neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Methods: This case-control study comprised 165 subjects (57 patients with nAMD and 108 controls). Controls were matched to cases by age and sex. Participants completed a questionnaire that included questions about sleep duration and quality. Four categories of sleep duration were established; <6 hours, 6-7 hours, 7-8 hours and >8 hours. Association of sleep duration and nAMD was assessed by logistic regression analysis. Multiple logistic regression models were performed to control for possible confounders. Results: We found a significant association between short sleep duration and nAMD (for <6 hours, odds ratio, OR, 3.29, 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.32-8.27; for 6-7 hours, OR 2.25, 95% CI 0.80-6.32; and for >8 hours, OR 1.39, 95% CI 0.53-3.73) compared with the reference category of 7-8 hours. This association remained significant after adjustment for confounders (<6 hours, OR 3.09, 95% CI 1.20-7.97). In addition, a borderline significant association was observed between self-reported very bad sleep quality and nAMD (OR 2.84, 95% CI 1.02-7.88). The highest rate of sleep medication use was found in the nAMD group (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our findings provide evidence to support an association between short sleep duration and nAMD. Considering strategies to improve sleep in these patients may prevent the negative effects of sleep deficiency.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To analyze the correlation between subjective symptoms and clinical signs of dry eye among tannery workers. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, three classic clinical tests, namely the fluorescein tear film break-up time (FTBUT) test, the fluorescein staining (FS) test, and the Schirmer test (ST), were performed to assess the clinical signs of dry eye disease in 246 tanners who were found symptomatic for dry eye in a prior ocular surface disease index survey. Results: All workers were male with a mean age of 35 ± 9 years, and the mean duration of work at tanneries was 8 ± 5 years. Among 246 symptomatic subjects, the FTBUT test, the FS test and the ST were positive in 63.8%, 30.9% and 41.9% workers, respectively. Mean FTBUT and ST scores were 10.6 ± 4.2 seconds and 10.1 ± 7.7mm, respectively. Mean FTBUT for mild, moderate and severe symptom categories differed significantly. Mean ST scores for the mild symptom group were significantly higher than that of the moderate group (p < 0.0001). The FTBUT and ST score showed a strong negative correlation with severity of symptoms (p < 0.0001). A moderate positive correlation was observed between FS positivity and increasing symptom severity (p < 0.0001). The effect of age was insignificant for FTBUT (p = 0.10), while significant for ST score (p < 0.001). The effect of duration of tannery work was significant for both FTBUT and ST scores (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Clinical tests correlated well with symptom severity among tanners, and a multifactorial etiology is suggested for dry eye diseases.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To examine the incidence of cataract and cataract extraction in a trial of folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12. Methods: In a randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial, 5442 female health professionals aged 40 years or older with preexisting cardiovascular disease (CVD) or three or more CVD risk factors were randomly assigned to receive a combination of folic acid (2.5 mg/day), vitamin B6 (50 mg/day), and vitamin B12 (1 mg/day), or placebo. A total of 3925 of these women did not have a diagnosis of cataract at baseline and were included in this analysis. The primary endpoint was age-related cataract, defined as an incident age-related lens opacity, responsible for a reduction in best-corrected visual acuity to 20/30 or worse, based on self-report confirmed by medical record review. Extraction of incident age-related cataract was a secondary endpoint of the trial. Results: During an average of 7.3 years of treatment and follow-up, 408 cataracts and 275 cataract extractions were documented. There were 215 cataracts in the combination treatment group and 193 in the placebo group (hazard ratio, HR, 1.10, 95% confidence interval, CI, 0.90-1.33; p = 0.36). For the secondary endpoint of cataract extraction, there were 155 in the combination treatment group and 120 in the placebo group (HR 1.28, 95% CI 1.01-1.63; p = 0.04). Conclusions: In this large-scale randomized trial of women at high risk of CVD, daily supplementation with a combination of folic acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 had no significant effect on cataract, but may have increased the risk of cataract extraction.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To determine the association between statin use and incident cataract surgery. Methods: Using the resources of the Rochester Epidemiology Project, a retrospective population-based, case-control study was performed. Cases included 6024 county residents aged 50 years and older who had first-eye cataract surgery between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2011. Controls included residents who had never had cataract surgery and were matched to cases by age, sex, and index date within 1 month of surgery. Statin medications continuously prescribed for at least 1 year before the surgery date (cases) or index date (controls) were examined. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using logistic regression models. Results: There were 2557 (42%) statin users among cases having cataract surgery compared to 2038 (34%) statin users among controls never having had cataract surgery (p < 0.0001). Incident cataract surgery was significantly associated with increased odds of statin use (OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.19-1.55) after adjusting for age, sex, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, renal disease, oral and inhaled steroid use, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use. The association was consistent in both subgroups of women (OR 1.34, 95%CI 1.22-1.49) and men (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.05-1.30). Conclusions: Incident cataract surgery was associated with increased odds of statin use, and underscores the possibility that increasing statin use could be contributing to rising rates of cataract surgery.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To describe the prevalence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and its risk factors in a multi-ethnic Asian population. Methods: This population-based study of 10,033 participants (75.7% response rate) included Chinese, Indian and Malay persons aged 40 years and older. A comprehensive ophthalmic examination, standardized interviews and laboratory blood tests were performed. Digital fundus photographs were assessed for presence of RVO following the definitions used in the Blue Mountains Eye Study. Regression analysis models were constructed to study the relationship between ocular and systemic factors and RVO. Age-specific prevalence rates of RVO were applied to project the number of people affected in Asia from 2013 to 2040. Results: The overall crude prevalence of RVO was 0.72% (n = 71; 95% confidence interval, CI, 0.54-0.87%). The crude prevalence of RVO was similar in Chinese, Indian and Malay participants (p = 0.865). In multivariable regression models, significant risk factors of RVO included increased age (odds ratio, OR, 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.06), hypertension (OR 3.65, 95% CI 1.61-8.31), increased serum creatinine (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01-1.06, per 10 mmol/L increase), history of heart attack (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.11-4.54) and increased total cholesterol (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.07-1.59, per 1 mmol/L increase). None of the ocular parameters were associated with RVO. RVO is estimated to affect up to 16 and 21 million people in Asia by 2020 and 2040, respectively. Conclusion: RVO was detected in 0.72% of a multi-ethnic Asian population aged 40-80 years in Singapore. The significant systemic risk factors of RVO are consistent with studies in white populations.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: We present rates of acute primary angle-closure glaucoma (APACG), peripheral iridotomy (PI) and cataract surgery in Scotland between 1998 and 2012. Methods: The number of patients in Scotland with APACG in each of the years between 1998 and 2012 was obtained from Information Service Division (ISD) Scotland. Data was also obtained for patients who had undergone laser PI and cataract surgery. The annual rates of APACG, PI and cataract surgery were calculated using Scotland's population data during each of these years. Results: Between 1998 and 2012 the rate of APACG in National Health Service patients decreased by 46.4% (from 46.7 to 25.0 per million, p < 0.005). The rate of PI increased overall by 116.3% (from 38.0 to 82.2 per million), but demonstrated a decrease of 48.2% (38.0 to 19.7 per million, p = 0.002) between 1998 and 2008, and an increase of 317.3% (19.7 to 82.2 per million, p = 0.005) between 2008 and 2012. Over the same 15-year period, cataract surgery increased by 73.4% (from 354.2 to 615.2 per 100,000, p < 0.005). In this timeframe, mid-year Scottish population estimates increased by 4.6%. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate a significant reduction in the rate of APACG in the Scottish population between 1998 and 2012, along with a rising rate of PI and cataract surgery. The trend of decreasing APACG may be due to the increasing rate of cataract surgery in the same time period. This parallels patterns seen in other European countries. We discuss these findings together with other related epidemiological factors.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Trachoma control programs are underway in endemic regions worldwide. They are based on the SAFE strategy (Surgery for trichiasis, Antibiotic distribution, Facial cleanliness, and Environmental improvement). Although much is known about the effect of community-wide treatment with antibiotics on the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, the impact of the SAFE strategy on severe ocular disease sequelae (the main focus of the Global Elimination of blinding Trachoma by 2020 program) remains largely unknown. Methods: We use a mathematical model to explore the impact of each of the components of the SAFE strategy, individually and together, on disease sequelae, arising from repeat infection and subsequent conjunctival scarring. We ask whether two elimination goals, to reduce the prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis to 1 per 1000 persons, and the incidence of corneal opacity to 1 per 10,000 persons per annum, are achievable, and which combinations of interventions have the greatest impact on these indicators. Results: In high prevalence communities (here, >20% infection of children aged 1-9 years), a combination of efforts is needed to bring down sustainably the prevalence and incidence of ocular disease sequelae. Conclusion: The mass delivery of antibiotics is highly beneficial for the clearance of infection, inflammation and prevention of subsequent scarring, but needs to be supplemented with sustained reductions in transmission and surgery to consider realistically the elimination of blindness by the year 2020.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Cataract is the leading cause of non-refractive preventable blindness, and comprehensive strategies to increase cataract surgery rates are imperative, including high-quality supportive patient education. We evaluated the effectiveness of non-physician pre-surgical counselors teaching patients about cataract and cataract surgery in improving patient knowledge, decisional conflict, and satisfaction. Methods: A survey was given before and after 61 newly-diagnosed cataract patients underwent pre-surgical counseling at the Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, India. The survey measured change in cataract knowledge and decisional conflict, a measure of anxiety surrounding the decision to undergo surgery, along with patient satisfaction. Multiple regression was used to identify factors that influenced change in knowledge. Results: Both patient knowledge scores and decisional conflict scores improved following counseling (mean difference +2.0, p = 0.004 and +8.4, p < 0.0001, respectively). Multiple regression analysis identified female sex (β = 2.5, p < 0.001) and being illiterate (β = 1.7, p = 0.04) as important predictors of increased knowledge post-counseling. Conclusion: Counseling both improved knowledge and reduced decisional conflict about cataract surgery, particularly among patients who had traditionally had more limited access to healthcare such as women and illiterate patients. Increased use of high quality counseling might help to further reduce the global burden of cataract and other forms of blindness.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the quality and efficacy of the Ban Phaeo Mobile Eye Clinic (BPMEC) model in providing cataract surgery to rural Thailand. Retrospective review of 4-week postoperative visual acuity (VA) of 7040 patients receiving unilateral cataract surgery at 75 sites from October 2008 to March 2011. BPMEC conducted screening, surgery, and follow-up at partnering local hospitals that otherwise do not offer eye care. The primary outcome was achievement of VA ≥20/70, which was secondarily analyzed by cataract extraction method (phacoemulsification, phaco, or extracapsular cataract extraction, ECCE) and intraocular lens (IOL) type (foldable acrylic or rigid polymethylmethacrylate). Preoperatively, 249 eyes (4%) had uncorrected VA ≥20/70. Four weeks postoperatively, 5957 (85%) had VA ≥20/70, 3288 (47%) had VA ≥20/40, and 69 (1%) were lost to follow-up. Phaco was performed in 6324 eyes (90%), 1581 (25%) receiving foldable IOLs. A total of 1403 eyes (89%) undergoing phaco with a foldable IOL had postoperative VA ≥20/70, compared to 4058 (85%) and 496 (69%) of those undergoing phaco with a rigid IOL (p < 0.05) and ECCE with a rigid IOL (p < 0.001), respectively. Overall, 37 eyes were left aphakic. Reported intraocular complications included zonular dehiscence (37 eyes), retained lens fragment (2 eyes), wound leakage (1 eye), and posterior capsule tear (1 eye). The 4-week uncorrected postoperative VAs met the World Health Organization's quality target of VA ≥20/70 for eyes undergoing phaco and were comparable to those published by an urban hospital in Bangkok.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Ophthalmic epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: To estimate the prevalence and causes of visual impairment and blindness in Shanxi Province, China. Data were obtained from the Second National Sampling Survey of Disability conducted in 2006. Blindness and visual impairment were defined as best corrected visual acuity <3/60 and <6/18, respectively, in the better-seeing eye. Standardized ophthalmologic examinations were administered to participants aged 0-80 years in 2006. Visual acuity (VA) was measured using a Standard Logarithmic Visual Acuity E chart (Snellen) for subjects aged 7 years and older. Participants younger than 7 years were examined using special experiments or the Childhood Graphical Visual Chart. The prevalence of visual impairment and blindness in Shanxi was estimated to be 0.6% (466/75,016) among persons up to 80 years old. The prevalence in rural areas (0.7%; 351/48,137) was significantly higher than that in urban areas (0.4%; 115/26,879) and was higher in females (0.8%; 298/36,933) than in males (0.4%; 168/38,083). The most common cause of visual impairment and blindness was cataract (44.9%), followed by retinopathy and choroidopathy (12.5%), hereditary and developmental disorders (10.3%), corneal disease (5.2%), and refractive error (4.9%). Prevalences of visual impairment and blindness in women and in rural areas were higher than in men and urban areas, and increased with age. Cataract was the most prevalent cause of visual impairment and blindness. Based on the findings from this study, we suggest that provision of support and welfare services should be organized.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Ophthalmic epidemiology