The ultimate aim of Gerodontology is to improve the quality of life and oral health of older people. The boundaries of most conventional dental specialties must be repeatedly crossed to provide optimal dental care for older people. In addition, management of other health problems impacts on dental care and clinicians need knowledge in these numerous overlapping areas. Bringing together these diverse topics within one journal serves clinicians who are seeking to read and to publish papers across a broad spectrum of specialties. This journal provides the juxtaposition of papers from traditional specialties but which share this patient-centred interest, providing a synergy that serves progress in the subject of gerodontology.
Current impact factor: 1.09
Impact Factor Rankings
|2016 Impact Factor||Available summer 2017|
|2014 / 2015 Impact Factor||1.085|
|2013 Impact Factor||0.806|
|2012 Impact Factor||1.828|
|2011 Impact Factor||1.033|
|2010 Impact Factor||1.218|
|2009 Impact Factor||1.014|
Impact factor over time
|Other titles||Gerodontology (Online)|
|Material type||Document, Periodical, Internet resource|
|Document type||Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper|
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Publications in this journal
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: To report a rare case of chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis with palatal erosion. Background: Restoring and maintaining oral health of diabetic elderly patients with increased risk of infections is a challenge to the dentist. Patients suffering from uncontrolled diabetes are susceptible to fungal infections. Palatal erosion due to fungal rhinosinusitis is rare. Materials and methods: Case report of a 65 years old illiterate female patient from low socio-economic strata, suffering from uncontrolled diabetes and poor systemic health presenting with chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis leading to palatal erosion. Conclusion: Such a case is a diagnostic challenge to a dentist. Therefore understanding the disease process and its possible outcomes is desirable. The treatment warrants a multidisciplinary approach.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: (i) To assess comprehension of oral care-related terms among caregivers and nurses working at long-term care facilities, using a newly developed test; (ii) to analyse the effect of participant characteristics on their comprehension. Background: Effective mutual communication between dental professionals and caregivers/nurses is essential for providing information on daily oral care for institutionalised elders. Methods: A 36-item word-knowledge test in Japanese was developed to assess comprehension of oral care-related terms. The test was administered to a convenience sample of 236 nursing staff (198 caregivers and 38 nurses) at six long-term care facilities in Niigata City, Japan, and its reliability and validity were verified. Associations of participant characteristics with their responses were investigated by multiple regression analysis. Results: Mean percentage of correct responses (accuracy rate) for nursing staff was approximately 62% (highest for oral care products and lowest for prosthodontic terms). Test internal reliability was high (Cronbach's alpha >0.8). Concurrent validity (test ability to distinguish between characteristically different groups) was confirmed. Mean accuracy rate was significantly higher among nurses (78.5 ± 19.3%) than among caregivers (58.7 ± 22.8%), and among respondents with interest in oral care (64.2 ± 21.1%) than among those with no such interest (51.5 ± 28.9%). Conclusion: The word-knowledge test was valid and reliable for nursing staff of six long-term care facilities in Niigata City. Their comprehension was low for perioral and intraoral structures, related symptom and disease names, and prosthodontics terms related to oral care. Understanding of oral care-related terms among the nursing staff was related to their occupation and interest in oral care.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of the study was to assess whether in geriatric patients, the shear bond strength (SBS) of glass-ceramics differed when compared to young controls. Background: In the need of aesthetic restorations for geriatric patients, reliable bonding of glass-ceramics should be accomplished; however, glass-ceramics bonding on aged tooth structures is still unclear. Materials and methods: Sixty extracted molars from young and geriatric patients [18-25 (Y), and 65-80 (O)] were cut buccolingually to prepare enamel (E) and dentin (D) surfaces. Both surfaces were randomly divided into three groups according to the resin cements: Variolink II (V); Superbond (S); and Clearfil Esthetic Cement (C) (n = 10). Disc-shaped glass-ceramics (IPS E-max Press) (n = 120) were prepared. Specimens were bonded and subjected to thermocycling. SBS test was performed using a universal testing machine (0.5 mm/min). After debonding, the surfaces were examined using stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope. Data were statistically analysed with Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Levene, anova and Bonferroni tests (p = 0.05). Results: There were no significant differences between the old and young teeth surfaces. V showed the highest SBS [MPa(SD)] on both enamel and dentin [36.7 (6.5) (YE), 23.2 (13.2) (YD), 32.1 (16.2) (OE), 25.5 (8.6) (OD), respectively]. Significant differences were observed between resin cements (p < 0.05). The failure types were 43% adhesive between tooth and cement, 48% mix, 9% adhesive between cement and ceramic, regardless of cement type. Conclusion: In geriatric patients, the shear bond strength of glass-ceramics did not differ when compared to that of young controls. On the dentin surface, etch-rinse resin cements appear to be more appropriate for glass-ceramics bonding.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of a chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) and linseed (Linum usitatissimum) saliva substitute in the relief of xerostomia in older participants. Background: In elders, xerostomia is a permanent and progressive condition that significantly affects their quality of life. The treatment for progressive xerostomia is currently restricted to palliative measures, and saliva substitutes are indicated. A lack of evidence on the effectiveness of the saliva substitutes in the relief of symptoms of xerostomia has been reported. Materials and methods: Seventy-four elderly participants presenting xerostomia of diverse origin were selected. Herbal saliva substitute and carboxymethyl cellulose conventional saliva substitute were tested using a double-blind, randomised, cross-sectional clinical trial. Results: Every participant of the study exhibited dry mouth sensation. A sensation of thick saliva was described in 59.5% of the participants. The need for liquid intake to swallow food, the sensation of difficulty in swallowing and the burning sensation in the tongue were observed in 54.1, 56.8 and 27.0% of the participants, respectively. The most prevalent diseases were hypertension, depressive symptoms and arthritis. Results of the clinical tests showed that the herbal saliva substitute produced a greater relief of dry mouth symptoms, thick saliva sensation and the sensation of difficulty in swallowing than the conventional substitute (Wilcoxon test p < 0.05). Conclusions: New chamomile- and linseed-based saliva substitute was effective in relieving xerostomia symptoms in older participants of this study.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: The aims of the study were twofold: to explore African migrant carers' perceptions of oral health who worked in residential aged care and to investigate their perspectives of oral care for aged care residents. Background: Culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) carers are strongly represented in Australian residential aged care facilities. Methods: Exploratory qualitative research targeted carers from African backgrounds working in residential aged care facilities in Perth, Western Australia. Fifteen African carers were recruited through community networks and participated in semistructured interviews. Data were analysed for key themes related to the study's aims noting similarities and differences between participants. Results: All participants considered oral health important to individual well-being and quality of life. Most had limited knowledge of prevention and early detection of oral disease resulting from regular dental check-ups with the majority visiting dental professionals only for dental pain. Yet participants considered oral health care for residents needed improvement. Suggestions included dental professionals on staff and training and professional development for all staff not just in oral health care but also in working respectfully and sensitively with residents and staff from CALD backgrounds. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that, to ensure residents receive high quality oral health care, ongoing professional development is required, not only for CALD carers in oral health but also for non-CALD staff in care that is respectful of cultural differences.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: We investigated the prevalence of xerostomia in dental patients and built a xerostomia risk prediction model by incorporating a wide range of risk factors. Materials and methods: Socio-demographic data, past medical history, self-reported dry mouth and related symptoms were collected retrospectively from January 2010 to September 2013 for all new dental patients. A logistic regression framework was used to build a risk prediction model for xerostomia. External validation was performed using an independent data set to test the prediction power. Results: A total of 12 682 patients were included in this analysis (54.3%, females). Xerostomia was reported by 12.2% of patients. The proportion of people reporting xerostomia was higher among those who were taking more medications (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.08-1.13) or recreational drug users (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.1-1.9). Rheumatic diseases (OR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.88-2.51), psychiatric diseases (OR = 2.34, 95% CI = 2.05-2.68), eating disorders (OR = 2.28, 95% CI = 1.55-3.36) and radiotherapy (OR = 2.00, 95% CI = 1.43-2.80) were good predictors of xerostomia. For the test model performance, the ROC-AUC was 0.816 and in the external validation sample, the ROC-AUC was 0.799. Conclusion: The xerostomia risk prediction model had high accuracy and discriminated between high- and low-risk individuals. Clinicians could use this model to identify the classes of medications and systemic diseases associated with xerostomia.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to develop a community-based oral healthcare model for Thai dependent older people in Tambon Tha Pla Duk, Amphur Mae Tha, Lamphun Province, in the north of Thailand. Participatory action research was conducted, taking an interdisciplinary approach. Data were collected through focus group discussions with key stakeholders in health care of older people in Amphur Mae Tha. Supplementary data were also collected with the stakeholders through a triangulation of in-depth interviews, a self-administered questionnaire, participant observations with field notes and a literature review. The model was subsequently refined and checked by the stakeholders. The data from all processes were coded, grouped, interpreted and thematically analysed for emerging themes and patterns, independently by the researcher (TP). This model consists of two key components: (i) primary care and (ii) other related factors. Primary care: This model provides a strong linkage between home, community and healthcare services to foster strong collaborations with dependent older people. This is the central focus of the model. Other related factors consist of the following: (i) Thai social norms and culture, (ii) the need for equity, (iii) the need for effectiveness, (iv) the need for efficiency and (v) the need for quality (that is, holistic, integrated and continuous). Finally, interdisciplinary collaboration was a strategy used to achieve improved quality of oral health care. A community-based care model to enhance oral health of dependent older people was developed for potential implementation and submitted to the stakeholders at the location of the study. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S and The Gerodontology Association. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Article: Who's picking up the bill?
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ease of denture cleaning is of paramount importance in geriatric patients and those with limited dexterity. We have previously investigated methods of coating dentures with titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) and reported the effects (self-cleaning and antibacterial) of such treatments in in vitro studies. This study was to verify the biocompatibility of a TiO2 -coated acrylic resin produced by the new coating method with spray-coating technique. Specimens were prepared from denture base acrylic resin and polished up to grit #1000. The TiO2 -coating agent was sprayed onto the specimens using an airbrush gun. Specimens were then divided into 'polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)', 'primer-coated PMMA' and 'TiO2 -coated PMMA' groups to be evaluated for biological safety using a hamster oral mucosa irritation test, a guinea pig skin sensitisation test and a rabbit intracutaneous test. The biological reaction was scored. Reaction scores were considerably <1.0, the acceptable limit set by the ISO, in all three tests. Indeed, in most samples, there was no deleterious effect at all. These results tested on animals demonstrate that denture base resin coated with TiO2 by this method does not cause irritation or sensitisation of the oral mucosa, skin or intracutaneous tissue and is therefore good biocompatibility for use in close proximity to oral mucosa and skin. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S and The Gerodontology Association. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To present a case of gingival overgrowth during visiting care. Ca-channel blocker-induced gingival overgrowth is a well-known adverse event. However, only limited information on the treatment of calcium-channel blocker-induced gingival overgrowth during visiting care has been reported. The patient was an 88-year-old female living in a nursing home since dementia. She had been taking a calcium-channel blocker and observed gingival overgrowth. Initial therapy was performed and changed the antihypertensive medication from a calcium-channel blocker to an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor. After initial therapy, the gingival overgrowth improved significantly. In addition, the defecation rate was improved. This case indicated that periodontal therapy is useful even for dementia patients during visiting dental care. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S and The Gerodontology Association. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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