The ultimate aim of Gerodontology is to improve the quality of life and oral health of older people. The boundaries of most conventional dental specialties must be repeatedly crossed to provide optimal dental care for older people. In addition, management of other health problems impacts on dental care and clinicians need knowledge in these numerous overlapping areas. Bringing together these diverse topics within one journal serves clinicians who are seeking to read and to publish papers across a broad spectrum of specialties. This journal provides the juxtaposition of papers from traditional specialties but which share this patient-centred interest, providing a synergy that serves progress in the subject of gerodontology.
RG Journal Impact: 0.86*
RG Journal impact history
|2017 RG Journal impact||Available summer 2018|
|2015 / 2016 RG Journal impact||0.86|
|2014 RG Journal impact||1.43|
|2013 RG Journal impact||1.16|
|2012 RG Journal impact||0.90|
|2011 RG Journal impact||1.37|
|2010 RG Journal impact||1.01|
|2009 RG Journal impact||1.11|
|2008 RG Journal impact||0.28|
|2007 RG Journal impact||0.30|
RG Journal impact over time
|Other titles||Gerodontology (Online)|
|Material type||Document, Periodical, Internet resource|
|Document type||Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper|
Publications in this journal
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To present a case of Huntington's disease (HD) with severe neck infection. Background: Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative genetic disorder and is often accompanied by dysphagia. Materials and methods: The patient was a 64-year-old man with HD. The severe neck infection was considered as one of the symptoms of HD. Conclusion: Clinicians should remember that patients with HD are apt to delay dental consultation, resulting in serious oral infections.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between sense of coherence and oral health among older adults treated at family health units in southern Brazil. Material and methods: The sample was composed of 164 individuals aged 60 years old or older. Socio-demographic and oral health variables were collected using a standardised questionnaire. Sense of coherence (SOC) was measured with the questionnaire proposed by Antonovsky containing 29 closed-ended questions. Poisson regression analysis was employed to identify factors associated with SOC. Results: Among the 164 older adults, 53.9% were edentate, 54.5% did not need any type of dental prosthesis, and 82.1% had good/adequate self-assessed oral health. The multivariate analysis revealed lower SOC scores among non-white individuals [Mean Ratio (MR)=0.94; 95% CI: 0.91-0.97; P<.001], with poor/very poor self-assessed oral health (MR=0.85; 95% CI: 0.78-0.91; P<.001) and with one or more teeth present in the oral cavity (MR=0.94; 95% CI: 0.91-0.97; P<.001). Conclusion: The present results show that older adults who are self-reported as non-white, with one or more teeth in the oral cavity and with poor/very poor self-assessed oral health have lower SOC scores.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To validity the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) among adults who sought dental care and to present a new proposal for calculating scores on self-perception of oral health. There is no study that presents a GOHAI scores using weight of the items. The one-factor model, the three-factor model (physical function, psychosocial/psychological function and pain/discomfort) and the second-order hierarchical model (SOHM) were evaluated from confirmatory factor analysis (λ, χ2/df, CFI,GFI and RMSEA). The reliability (CR,α) was estimated. Concurrent validity was assessed using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The invariance of the models was estimated in independent samples. The calculation of an overall score using the factor scores was proposed to obtain the overall weighted scores. These overall weighted scores were compared to the scores estimated as the simple arithmetic mean (overall unweighted scores) using a repeated measures analysis of variance. A total of 1000 individuals participated (74.1% female; age: 40.7 (SD=14.3) years). Three items of the GOHAI were excluded (λ<0.40). The one-factor model (λ=0.40-0.77; χ2/df=6.291; CFI=0.947; GFI=0.960; RMSEA=0.073) and the three-factor model (λ=0.40-0.78; χ2/df=8.321; CFI=0.932; GFI=0.954; RMSEA=0.086) each presented an adequate fit. Reliability was adequate (one-factor: CR=0.83/α=0.83; three-factor: CR=0.53-0.76/α=0.53-0.73), with the exception of the pain/discomfort factor. The GOHAI was invariant in independent samples, and the concurrent validity was adequate. The overall unweighted scores overestimated self-perceptions of oral health when compared with the weighted scores. Both the one-factor and three-factor models of the GOHAI were found to be valid, reliable and invariant for the sample after the exclusion of three items. The use of overall weighted scores is recommended for calculating the score of self-perception of oral health.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Increase in life expectancy and tooth retention in contemporary Australian adults may increase population-level burden of having root caries. This study aimed to describe patterns and evaluate associations of root caries with socio-demographic, socio-economic, clinical and behavioural factors. Methods: A secondary analysis was undertaken using data from the National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-2006, which included 5505 randomly general adults 15+ years old. Participants underwent an oral examination and completed an interview and a questionnaire. Prevalence and mean number of decayed/filled root (root DFS), untreated root (root DS), filled root (root FS), gingival recession, oral hygiene and gingival status were derived from examinations. Socio-demographic, socio-economic and behavioural factors were self-reported. Multivariable models were generated to estimate prevalence ratios (PR), mean ratios (MR) and confidence intervals (95% CI), adjusting for number of surfaces with gingival recession. Additional analysis for older adults 60+ years old was presented. Results: The prevalence of root caries was 25.3% (CI=23.6-27.1) and 62.0% [CI=58.7-65.1] among general and older adults, respectively. Risk factors found were similar in both populations. Smokers had higher prevalence and mean number of root DFS, DS and FS than never-smokers. In contrast with poor oral hygiene, high income and frequent brushing were significantly associated with lower mean root DS. Frequent dental visiting was associated with higher root FS and DFS. Conclusions: Root caries affected about a quarter of Australian general adults and more than a half of older adults. People who were smokers presented a significantly higher prevalence and severity of root caries.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: This study evaluated the release of ions and the cytotoxicity of acrylic resins incorporated with silver vanadate decorated with silver nanoparticles (AgVO3 ). Background: The inhibition of the accumulation of microorganisms on the resins is critical in preventing diseases. However, the hypothesis is that the release of ions from the incorporation of AgVO3 may be important in biocompatibility. Materials and methods: Specimens of autopolymerising (AP) and heat-polymerising resin (HP) with AgVO3 were prepared and immersed in culture medium. The release of silver ions (Ag) and vanadium (V) was evaluated by mass spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-MS) (n=9) and the cell viability of fibroblasts L929 by MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol- 2yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) (n=12). The results were evaluated with analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey and Pearson correlation test (α=.05). Results: The groups containing AgVO3 presented a difference in relation to the control (0%) regarding the release of Ag and V (P<.0001). All groups showed a reduction in L929 viability when compared with the cellular control (100%) (P<.0001). In comparison with the control resins for HP, a reduction in the metabolism of cells occurred starting at 2.5% and for AP at 5% (P<.0001). A positive correlation was found between the concentration of AgVO3 and the ion release, and a negative between the ion release and the cell viability. Conclusions: Significant numbers of Ag and V ions were released from resins with higher concentrations of AgVO3 , presenting cytotoxicity for cells, suggesting that the use of low concentrations is indicated to avoid risks to patients.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to explore students' reflective thinking about long-term care experiences from the perspective of a model of oral health. Materials and methods: A total of 186 reflections from 193 second-year undergraduate dental students enrolled between 2011/12 and 2014/15 at the University of British Columbia were explored qualitatively. Reflections had a word limit of 300, and students were asked to relate an existing model of oral health to their long-term care experiences. We have identified the main ideas via a thematic analysis related to the geriatric dentistry experience in long-term care. Results: The thematic analysis revealed that students attempted to demystify their pre-conceived ideas about older people and long-term care facilities, to think outside the box, for example away from a typical dental office, and to consider caring for elderly people from an interprofessional lens. According to some students, not all domains from the existing model of oral health were directly relevant to their geriatric experience while other domains, including interprofessionalism and cognition, were missing. While some participants had a positive attitude towards caring for this cohort of the population, others did not take this educational activity as a constructive experience. Conclusions: The nature of most students' reflective thinking within a long-term care experience showed to be related to an existing model of oral health. This model can help to give meaning to the dental geriatric experience of an undergraduate curriculum. Such experience has been instrumental in overcoming potential misconceptions about long-term care and geriatric dentistry.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify whether perceived swallowing problems affect the life expectancy of very elderly individuals. Background: In an ageing society, oral function affects health status. In particular, a decline in swallowing function may increase the risk of various diseases, morbidity and malnutrition. Materials and methods: We evaluated 526 elderly individuals aged ?85?years. All participants completed a questionnaire and underwent oral, physical and mental health examinations. The comprehensive oral health assessment comprised a face-to-face interview that included a questionnaire on swallowing function. We estimated hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals using the Cox proportional hazards model, adjusting for potential confounders between perceived swallowing problems and all-cause mortality over a 3-year period. Results: Over a 3-year follow-up period, 88 of 526 participants died and 68 participants complained of perceived swallowing problems. Perceived swallowing problems had statistically significant associations with physical status and function and nutrition. In the univariate analysis, perceived swallowing problems had statistically significant associations with an approximately 1.9-fold higher risk of all-cause mortality during the 3-year period (HR: 1.89, 95% CI: 1.14-3.14). In the multivariate analysis, the statistically significant association between perceived swallowing problems and all-cause mortality remained after adjusting for various confounding factors (HR: 1.73, 95% CI: 1.03-2.92). Conclusion: Perceived swallowing disorders should be verified by a clinical examination, as they are associated with other health outcomes and increased all-cause mortality.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: Although elderly people have many serious dental issues and are in need of prosthesis, few opt for dental implants. The aim of this study was to investigate barriers that prevent elderly people from receiving dental implants. Specifically, we examined (i) whether the message was delivered before or after the interview had an impact, and (ii) whether it did matter who delivered the message. Materials and methods: Sixty-six residents from seven residential homes in the Canton of Grisons, Switzerland were included. The sample was randomized to a treatment group that received comprehensive education about dental implants before the interview and a control group that received education after completing the questionnaire. Results: The sample consisted of 54 women (81.8%) and 12 males (18.2%) with an average age of 86.2?years. Education before the interview did not show any impact on the attitude towards dental implants. Main reasons for a negative attitude towards implants were old age and high costs. Participants who received information about implants from their relatives and their own dentist and not from the study dentist were significantly more willing to receive implants. Conclusion: Providing an adequate education about benefits and risks of receiving dental implants does not change the attitude towards dental implants. The source of information/messenger does influence attitudes towards implants. If the person delivering the education and information is a relative or a known medical person, the person's attitude is more likely to change as compared to people receiving the information from an unrelated person.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate dental status (ie, number of teeth and presence of removable dental prostheses) as a predictor of all-cause mortality among nursing facility residents. Edentulism has been associated with poorer health outcomes in geriatric populations. Between March 2006 and June 2008, oral health screening examinations were completed for 584 residents of 10 nursing facilities in four eastern Iowa counties. In September 2013, demographic, general and oral health information was obtained from the screening forms and linked with Iowa state death certificate data. The study outcome (time to death) was defined as the number of days between the screening examination and death. Univariate and bivariate distributions were assessed, and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were generated to arrive at factors associated with time to death. A total of 535 residents were eligible for data analysis. Age at screening ranged from 60-103 years (mean=85.2), 70% were female, and 33% were edentulous. By September 2013, 468 (87.5%) had died, with a median time to death among these individuals of 2.0 years. The final multivariable Cox model included data from 393 (73.4%) of the residents; statistically significant relationships were observed between time to death and dental status, age, sex, cooperativeness with care providers and renal disease. Dental status remained strongly associated with time to death even after controlling for other important demographic and health-related factors.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with tooth loss among elders in an inner city area of Ibadan, Nigeria. Tooth loss is an indication of the oral health of a population, and the possible effects of oral health on general health of the elders has been reported. A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 392 consenting elders in Idikan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, causes and effects of tooth loss was obtained using a pretested semistructured questionnaire. After the interview, the elders were examined for the presence of tooth loss by a trained examiner. Mean (SD) age of the elders was 73.0 (9.2) years. One hundred and eighty-seven (47.7%) participants had ≥1 missing tooth, and 20 (5.1%) participants had complete edentulousness. The mean SD number of missing teeth was 5.9 (4.7) teeth. Age, level of education, monthly income and physical impairment were associated with mean (SD) number of missing teeth (P˂.05). Speech difficulty, appearance problems, chewing difficulty, feeling bereaved, mobility of adjacent teeth, halitosis and premature ageing were reported more by participants who had ˃16 missing teeth compared to those who had ≤16 teeth (P˂.05). The mouth prevalence of tooth loss was 47.7%, and mean (SD) number of missing teeth was 5.9 (4.7) teeth. Age, level of education, monthly income and physical impairment were associated with number of missing teeth (P˂.05). Speech difficulty, appearance problem, chewing difficulty, feeling of bereavement, mobility of adjacent teeth, halitosis and premature ageing were associated with increasing number of missing teeth (P˂.05).
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that dementia is caused by neuronal damage due to chronic inflammation from peripheral sources such as the oral cavity in periodontal disease. The aim of our review was to assess the risk of dementia or cognitive impairment associated with chronic periodontitis and multiple tooth loss. An extensive search of electronic databases of articles on the relation between periodontitis, tooth loss and dementia published on or before April 2016 was conducted. Experimental and human studies that provided a description consistent with multiple tooth loss, chronic periodontal disease and cognitive impairment obtained by validated methods were selected. The data extracted from the articles included study design, country of origin, sample size, methods used to assess periodontitis and cognition, average age at the baseline and number of years of follow-up. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess the quality of human studies. The literature search yielded 756 articles which were independently screened, and 16 articles were included in the review. Four human studies reported an association of subsequent dementia with multiple tooth loss. One human study reported that chronic periodontal disease was associated with dementia. Eight experimental studies demonstrated an association between cognitive impairment and tooth loss. The literature on chronic periodontitis and multiple tooth loss as risk factors to dementia remains inconclusive. More randomised clinical trials on the association between periodontitis and dementia with uniform criteria for evaluation and diagnosis of periodontitis are warranted.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate acceptance of treatment after oral sedation with midazolam in dental patients with major neurocognitive disorder. Midazolam is commonly used as premedication in paediatric dentistry, oral surgery and people suffering from dental fear. Little is known about its use in other patient groups. Dental and sedation records of 61 patients (64% women) sedated with midazolam were examined retrospectively. All records came from patients with major neurocognitive disorder who had been referred to a special dental care unit in Sweden due to uncooperative behaviour and sedated with orally administered midazolam between 2006 and 2011. Data concerning dose, degree of acceptance of dental treatment (four-point scale) and number of possible interacting drugs were collected from dental records. On average, the participants were 80 years old (range: 62-93) and used 3.4 possible interacting drugs. The average midazolam dose was 0.11 mg/kg body weight, which is in line with the regional medical guidelines for sedation. Twenty-seven participants (44%) had no cooperation problems when sedated, twenty-six (43%) were treated with minor adaptations, five had poor cooperation, and three were not possible to treat. No statistically significant differences were found for degree of acceptance of treatment and dose or number of possible interacting drugs. Antiepileptics were used by 13% (n=7) with good or quite good acceptance compared to 37% (n=3) among those with poor or no acceptance. Unfavourable side effects were rare; one participant became hyperactive and one drowsier than expected. Sedation with orally administered midazolam seems to be effective and safe in dental treatment of uncooperative persons with major neurocognitive disorder.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to reveal the nutritional status of patients after head and neck tumour treatment by using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) and to analyse the factors affecting nutritional status in patients with head and neck tumour. Elderly patients with loss of teeth and maxillary/mandibular bone due to head and neck tumour treatment could be at high risk of malnutrition. However, there are few reports on the nutritional status of these patients. Forty-six participants (average age 74.7 years) were selected from patients who visited the maxillofacial prosthetics clinic of Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital Faculty of Dentistry in Japan. Nutritional status was evaluated using the MNA-SF. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify predictors affecting MNA-SF score. The candidate explanatory variables were age, sex, maxillofacial prosthesis use, number of residual teeth, resection side, neck dissection and treatment option. The results showed that approximately half of the patients were at risk of malnutrition, and a regression equation for MNA-SF score was developed using two predictors: maxillofacial prosthesis use and neck dissection. Use of a maxillofacial prosthesis can improve nutritional status. On the other hand, a medical history of neck dissection can decrease nutritional status.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: The aim of this study was to make an initial estimation on the effects of a sodium bicarbonate and xylitol spray (Cariex(®) ), associated with non-surgical periodontal therapy, in participants with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Background: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a multisystem autoimmune disease that predominantly involves salivary and lachrymal glands, with the clinical effect of dry eyes and mouth. Materials and methods: A prospective cohort of 22 women and two men has been evaluated. They were randomized into three groups (eight patients each): Group A) those treated once with non-surgical periodontal therapy, education and motivation to oral hygiene, associated with the use of Cariex(®) ; Group B) treated only with Cariex(®) ; Group C) treated only with non-surgical periodontal therapy, education and motivation to oral hygiene. Clinical variables described after treatment were unstimulated whole salivary flow, stimulated whole salivary flow, salivary pH, reported pain (using Visual Analogue Scale) and the Periodontal Screening and Recording index. Results: Salivary flow rate improved in all groups, but the difference was statistically significant only in those treated with Cariex(®) , alone or in combination with periodontal therapy. Gingival status improved in participants who underwent periodontal non-surgical therapy while remained unchanged in those only treated with Cariex(®) . Reported pain decreased in all groups, showing the best result in participants treated with periodontal therapy together with Cariex(®) . Conclusions: We propose a practical approach for improving gingival conditions and alleviating oral symptoms in patients with SS. Future randomized and controlled trials are however required to confirm these results as well as larger population, and also assessing other parameters due to oral dryness, possible oral infections and more comprehensive periodontal indices.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Several studies have covered oral health and dental decay in old age, but these studies mostly applied standard quantitative tools and did not include consideration of older people's views on oral problems, partial edentulism in particular. Objective: To explore people's perceptions in terms of the transition from being OK to NOT OK with tooth loss among a selection of older people in Iran. Materials and methods: A qualitative content analysis study was chosen for the research by interviewing 15 older people using open-ended questions. Criteria for participation in the study were as follows: fitting the Kennedy class I or class I modification I category, having a minimum of four teeth but not more than 20 and being aged 60 years or more. The recorded interviews were then transcribed, and a coding process was applied based on a qualitative, conventional content analysis. Results: The four main themes that emerged were as follows: (i) gradual realisation of the need to deal with the problem; (ii) the search for information on dental health; (iii) the challenge of adaptation; and (iv) tendency towards dental rehabilitation. Conclusion: The turning point in the transition from being OK to NOT OK seemed to be associated with an edentulous crisis that had occurred from another problem such as stomach ache, distention, or nocturnal dyspnoea due to swallowing food that had not been properly chewed and had an affect on an elderly person's life, physically and mentally. It is important to recognise the concept of healthy eating in relation to edentulism.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the prevalence of self-reported edentulism and its associated risk factors among community-dwelling adults aged 45 years and older in China. Materials and methods: Data from the national baseline survey (2011-2012) of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) were used for this study (N = 17 167). Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to assess the predictors of edentulism. Models 1 and 2 were based on the whole sample. Models 3 and 4 were based on the subsample (N = 9933) from whom anthropometric and blood biomarker data were available. Results: The prevalence of edentulism was 8.64% among Chinese adults aged 45 and above. As shown by Model 1, older age was a robust predictor for edentulism (odds ratio [OR] = 3.81 for people aged 55-64; OR = 11.22 for people aged 65-74; OR = 24.05 for people aged 75 and above). Other factors positively associated with edentulism included being female (OR = 1.25), rural residence (OR = 1.30), asthma (OR = 1.48), depression (OR = 1.20), reduced physical function (OR = 1.37) and current smoking status (OR = 1.36). People with higher educational levels (OR = 0.75 for people who can read and write; OR = 0.64 for people who obtained a junior high school education or above) and better-off economic status (OR = 0.80) were less likely to be edentate. The association between edentulism and age, educational level, economic status and physical function remained significant in Model 3, and in addition, being underweight appeared as another strong predictor (OR = 1.93). Conclusions: The estimated prevalence of edentulism and the identified associated factors will provide epidemiologic evidence for future research and interventions in the target population in China.
Article: Essential elder endodontics
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