Histology and histopathology (Histol Histopathol)
Histology and Histopathology is an international journal, the purpose of which is to publish original works in English in histology, histopathology and cell biology; high quality is the overall consideration.
Journal Impact: 1.87*
Journal impact history
|2016 Journal impact||Available summer 2017|
|2015 Journal impact||1.87|
|2014 Journal impact||2.35|
|2013 Journal impact||2.57|
|2012 Journal impact||2.96|
|2011 Journal impact||3.17|
|2010 Journal impact||2.76|
|2009 Journal impact||3.00|
|2008 Journal impact||3.00|
|2007 Journal impact||2.52|
Journal impact over time
|Website||Histology & Histopathology website|
Publications in this journal
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In addition to their well-studied self-renewal capabilities and multipotent differentiation properties, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to possess profound immunomodulatory functions both in vitro and in vivo. More and more studies have shown that MSCs are capable of interacting closely with almost all subsets of immune cells, such as T cells, B cells, dendritic cells, natural killer cells, macrophages, and neutrophils etc. The immunomodulatory property of MSCs may shed light on the treatment of a variety of autoimmune and inflammation-related diseases. In this article, we will review the studies on the immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory functions of MSCs and the mechanisms responsible for the interaction between immune cells and MSCs, which could improve the development of promising approaches for cell-mediated immune therapies.
Article: Telocytes and lung disease[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Telocytes (TCs) represent a new distinct type of interstitial cells found in many organs, including lungs. TCs are mainly defined by a small cellular body from which arise very long (hundreds of micrometers) extensions named telopodes. During the last years, TCs were characterized in respect with their microRNA profiles, gene features and proteome signatures. Also, the ultrastructural 3D configuration was further elucidated by the aid of the FIB-SEM technology. TCs are able to communicate by homo- and heterocellular contacts with neighboring cells and are also able to transfer genetic information and signaling molecules to influence other cells by means of extracellular vesicle release. However, the exact function of lung TCs remains unclear. Here, we review the potential significance of TCs in the pathogenesis of pulmonary diseases. We will also discuss some future possibilities for targeting TCs as a potential therapeutic strategy.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Coiled-coil domain containing 85c (Ccdc85c) is a causative gene for hemorrhagic hydrocephalus mouse which shows hydrocephalus with frequent brain hemorrhage and formation of subcortical band heterotopia. A previous study revealed that Ccdc85C protein is expressed in the systemic simple epithelial cells with proliferative activity in rats and suggested that Ccdc85C expression may be related to the cell proliferation of simple epithelial cells. To reveal the roles of Ccdc85C in the proliferative lesion, we examined the expression patterns of Ccdc85C in the mammary gland tumor of dogs, a common representative tumor derived from simple epithelial cells. In canine mammary gland tumors, Ccdc85C was expressed at the apical junctions of the luminal epithelial cells. Ccdc85C was also distributed throughout the entire cytoplasm of the myoepithelial cells. Ccdc85C expression was observed at the epithelial cells with luminal structures, but was not observed at the epithelial cells forming sheet growth pattern without luminal structure. In carcinomas, Ccdc85C expression in mammary tumor tissue tended to be weaker than that in surrounding normal mammary gland tissue. Ccdc85C is known to cause neurological diseases such as hydrocephalus, and subcortical heterotopia, and the present study is the first to demonstrate Ccdc85C expression in canine mammary tumors and a relationship between Ccdc85C expression and tumor malignancy.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oesophageal cancer ranks as the sixth most common malignancy in the world, and recent evidence has shown that its incidence is increasing. ACBPs (Acyl-coA binding proteins) act as intracellular carrier-proteins for medium to long chain acyl-coA, mediating fatty acid transport to the mitochondrion for ß-oxidation. ACBPs are also believed to be putative ligands of PBR (peripheral benzodiazepine receptor), and once they bind to this receptor they facilitate mitochondrial membrane permeabilization, presumably favouring apoptosis. The main aim of the study was to establish the expression patterns of 1- Acyl-coA binding proteins (1-ACBP), B- Acyl-coA binding proteins (B-ACBP), and peripheral bezodiazepine receptor (PBR) in oesophageal cancer, and to link their roles with the disease. In situ hybridization and quantitative real-time PCR methods were performed to determine localization and the expression levels of the three genes in oesophageal cancer. All three genes illustrated substantial up-regulation within the malignant tissue sections as compared to normal oesophageal sections, all three transcripts localized specifically to mast cells, plasma cells and lymphocytes in diseased and normal tissue section. In the diseased tissue B-ACBP and 1-ACBP mRNA localized to endothelial cells of blood vessels in the submucosa. B-ACBP also localized to the nucleus of squamous epithelial cells. PBR localization was indicated in tumour islands of invasive tissue sections. Quantitative RT-PCR also indicated that the expression levels of PBR were higher as compared to the ACBP genes expression in tumours. These results show that 1-ACBP, B-ACBP and PBR play a role in the pathogenesis of oesophageal tumours and possibly in carcinogenic angiogenesis.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Periodontal disease with its systemic implications is highly prevalent among the population, and this correlation could have an impact on the quality lives of many humans. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and histopathological changes of the periodontium correlated with the systemic inflammatory response in periodontal disease. An experimental study was performed on male Wistar rats which were subjected to a procedure of periodontitis induction through placing silk thread ligatures around the lower incisors, under general anesthesia. Clinically, the changes of the periodontal tissue induced by the periodontitis progression were daily assessed. Two blood samples were obtained from each animal, at baseline and on completion of the experiment. The plasma level of the cytokine IL-6 and haematological parameters such as leukocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, and platelets were determined. After seven days the animals were sacrificed, and samples were prepared for histological evaluation. Clinical manifestations such as changes in the color, contour and consistency of the gingival tissue and the bleeding on probing were registered. Histopathological analysis showed an intense inflammatory cell infiltration, the presence of osteoclasts and an obvious bone resorption activity. A significant increase in IL-6 values during the progression of periodontitis in rats (p<0.001) was also observed. The results of this research demonstrated that the clinical and histological changes in the rat's periodontium are correlated with a notable systemic inflammatory response. Therefore, periodontitis control can be inserted as part of the programs of systemic disorders prevention, in clinical practice.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of kidney (MESTK) is a rare but distinct renal complex neoplasm composed of a mixture of mesenchymal and epithelial elements with characteristic ovarian-type stroma. Due to its relative rarity, little is known about the histogenesis and prognostic factors of this tumor. Although most reported cases display bland histological features and benign clinical course, a few cases of malignant MESTK have been described. We report an unusual case of MESTK in a 50-year-old female patient with renal venous involvement. Macroscopically, the tumor was solid and unencapsulated in the central region of left kidney. There was a polypoid mass with slender pedicle found to extend into the renal vein forming an intravenous tumor thrombus. Histologically, both renal and intravenous mass were composed of bland spindle-shaped cells and round dilated tubules lined by epithelium without any cytological atypia. The spindle cells were diffusely positive for smooth muscle actin and desmin, while tubules were positive for pan-cytokeratin (AE1/AE3). A diagnosis of MESTK with renal vein extension was made. The patient received no adjuvant treatment after radical nephrectomy. There was no sign of recurrence or metastasis of tumor found in a period of 16-month regular follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the first case of MESTK with renal vein extension, but lacking malignant histological appearance. Additional studies of MESTK with vein involvement will be needed to determine whether this imparts any adverse behavior, similar to other benign renal tumors with vascular involvement.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The gasotransmitter nitric oxide was classified as the first endothelium-derived relaxant factor, and opened a new era in cardiovascular research. Another small gas, sulfur dioxide (SO2), can also be generated endogenously in mammals. Recent studies have shown that SO2--- may play important roles in the cardiovascular system. At low concentrations, the vasodilatory effect of SO2 is endothelium-dependent. The vasodilation induced by an endothelium-derived relaxant factor is achieved by the opening of potassium channels, and hyperpolarization of the membranes of vascular smooth muscle cells. This feature is in accordance with that of SO2. The vasodilatory effect of SO2 is related to the opening of adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels and high-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels. The 3'-5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate pathway and activation of nitric oxide synthase are also involved in the endothelium-derived relaxant factor effect of SO2. The vasodilatory effect of gaseous SO2 is much stronger than that of its derivatives (bisulfite and sulfite). It is suggested that SO2 may be a candidate endothelium-derived relaxant factor, which could lead to a new era of research into cardiovascular disease in mammals.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are multipotent mesenchymal stem cells obtained from stromal-vascular fraction of adipose tissue. ASCs are a promising resource for cell therapy due to their simple isolation, extensive expansion potential, and low immunogenicity. ASCs repair and regenerate damaged tissue by direct differentiation, whereas many other approaches rely on the secretion of paracrine factors. miRNAs target mRNAs for cleavage or translational repression, and have been shown to play critical roles in the regulation of stem cell proliferation and differentiation. The miRNA expression profile of ASCs varies according to the isolation and culturing method, and more than 40 different miRNAs have been reported to regulate ASC proliferation and differentiation. Therefore, this review summarizes the ASC-related miRNAs and their pivotal roles in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of ASCs. A comprehensive understanding of the effects of miRNAs on the proliferation and differentiation of ASCs is important and useful to enhance the regenerative potential of ASCs.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: It is well known that proliferating carcinoma cells preferentially use aerobic glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation for energy production. Hexokinase 2 (HK2) plays a pivotal role in the glycolytic pathway. Previous studies have demonstrated that HK2 activity is markedly increased in various malignant neoplasms, but the clinical and biological significance of HK2 remain largely unclear in the colorectal carcinoma. Patients and methods: We performed immunohistochemistry for HK2 in 195 colorectal carcinoma tissues. We also used HCT8 and HT29 colon carcinoma cells in in vitro studies. Results: HK2 immunoreactivity was detected in 100 out of 195 (51%) colorectal carcinoma tissues, and the immunohistochemical HK2 status was significantly associated with tumor size, depth of invasion, liver metastasis and TNM stage in these cases. Moreover, the HK2 status was significantly associated with increased incidence of recurrence and overall mortality of the patients, and multivariate analyses demonstrated that HK2 status was an independent prognostic factor for both disease-free and overall survival. Subsequent in vitro experiments revealed that both HCT8 and HT29 colon carcinoma cells transfected with specific siRNA for HK2 significantly decreased the lactate production, proliferation activity and migration property. Conclusion: These results suggest that HK2 plays important roles in the glycolytic, proliferation and migration properties of colorectal carcinoma and, therefore, HK2 status is a potent worse prognostic factor in colorectal cancer patients.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most common valvular heart disease and likely evolves from inflammatory pre-conditions in the valve. Type II diabetes mellitus (DMII) has been associated with pathogenesis of CAVD, however, the mechanism initiating CAVD in DMII is not well understood and the human valve pathology in DMII has not been described. We therefore performed quantitative histological analyses of aortic valves of CAVD patients with and without DMII. Methods: CAVD human aortic valves (n=45) obtained after surgical valve replacement were examined macroscopically with gross measurements of calcified areas. Inflammation and calcification were assessed by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining. Results: Calcification was increased in diabetic patients according to gross measurements (p<0.01) and alizarin red staining (p=0.05). Early calcification markers, including Runx2 (p=0.02) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP, p=0.03) were significantly elevated in diabetic patients. Furthermore, in diabetic patients we found significantly increased expression of annexin II (p=0.04) and annexin V (p=0.04), both of which are thought to play a role in microcalcification formation via apoptosis or extracellular vesicle release. Macrophage numbers were comparable in both groups (p=0.41), while the expression of the pro-inflammatory protein S100A9 (p<0.01) was significantly decreased in diabetic individuals. Evaluation of lymphocytes revealed similar CD8 (p=0.45) and CD4 (p=0.92) T cell counts in diabetic and non-diabetic aortic valves. Conclusion: Aortic valves from diabetic patients show more calcification, while inflammation is similar in both patient populations. Considering the generally accepted theory of an inflammation-dependent mechanism of calcification, these data suggest that in patients with CAVD requiring valve replacement, diabetic patients could be molecularly in a more advanced disease stage with a higher grade of mineralization than non-diabetic patients.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to characterize and compare the morphological and histomorphometric characteristics of the pectoral fascia, fascia lata and ventral rectus sheath. Twenty cadaveric samples of these fascias were analyzed and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, orcein, Van Gieson, Masson's trichrome and Verhoeff¨s stain (1200 slides in total). Morphological evaluation, semiquantitative, morphometric and microdensitometric analysis of elastic fibers present in each of the tissues and a morphometrical analysis of tissue thickness were performed. The mean value of the pectoral fascia thickness was 612±68,13 μm; 84±246 μm for the fascia lata and 584±92 μm for the ventral rectus sheath. The area occupied by the elastic fibers in the pectoral fascia was 12,24±5,84%; 6,54±3,85% for the fascia lata and 11,11±5,26% for the ventral rectus sheath. There were no statistically significant differences when comparing the mean values between the pectoral fascia and the ventral rectus sheath (p=0,07). There were statistically significant differences when comparing the fascia lata to the pectoral fascia and the ventral rectus sheath (p≤0,001). This study reports other morphological characteristics not described in previous histological studies of the analyzed tissues. The results of the morphometric and densitometric analysis in this study reveal that the fascia lata has the fewest elastic fibers of all the tissues analyzed, and the pectoral fascia has the most. These results will be useful for the beginning of a morphological information bank of human fascias.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is a reactive process of questioned pathogenesis (primary proliferation of endothelial cells/ECs versus organizing thrombi). The aim of this study is to assess the organization of morphologic patterns, with precise location of neovascularization and papillary distribution in IPEH to clarify the role of the vein wall (mainly vein intimal ECs) in lesion development and papillary formation. We studied 12 cases of IPEH in skin and subcutaneous veins by serial histological sections and immunohistochemical procedures. In four well-structured cases (the remaining cases showed overlapping events), we found four principal histological patterns organized by zone: 1) invaginated vein wall zone with microvascular networks. The intraparietal microvessels presented CD34+ and CD31+ ECs arising from ECs of the vein intima, and αSMA+ pericyte-like cells originating from modified SMCs of the media layer. 2) Papillary zone, generally with myriad papillae, formed by ECs of intraparietal microvessel networks encircling vein wall components (parietal papillae). 3) Organizing thrombotic zone from microvascular networks of invaginated vein wall zone. 4) Unorganized thrombotic zone partially covered by ECs, also originating from vein intimal endothelium and arranged in a monolayer or encircling thrombotic fibrin (thrombotic papillae). In conclusion, the capacity of vein intimal ECs and those originating from them (in newly-formed microvessels in the vein itself and covering the unorganized thrombi) to encircle vein wall components or fibrin, and to form papillae (ECs form the cover and encircled components the core) supports a piecemeal mode of angiogenesis as a pathogenic basis of IPEH. This mechanism encompasses the two histogenetic hypotheses outlined above.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background/aim: In a condition of pain in the Achilles tendon insertion there are multiple structures involved, such as the Achilles tendon itself, the retrocalcaneal bursa and a bony protrusion at the calcaneal tuberosity called Haglund's deformity. The innervation patterns of these structures are scarcely described, and the subcutaneous calcaneal bursa is traditionally not considered to be involved in the pathology. This study aimed at describing the innervation patterns of the four structures described above to provide a better understanding of possible origins of pain at the Achilles tendon insertion. Methods: Biopsies were taken from 10 patients with insertional Achilles tendinopathy, which had pathological changes in the subcutaneous and retrocalcaneal bursae, a Haglund deformity and Achilles tendon tendinopathy as verified by ultrasound. The biopsies were stained using immunohistochemistry in order to delineate the innervation patterns in the structures involved in insertional Achilles tendinopathy. Results: Immunohistochemical examinations found that the subcutaneous bursa scored the highest using a semi-quantitative evaluation of the degree of innervation when compared to the retrocalcaneal bursa, the Achilles tendon, and the calcaneal bone. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the subcutaneous bursa, which is traditionally not included in surgical treatment, may be a clinically important factor in insertional Achilles tendinopathy.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ewing-like sarcomas (ELS) are a heterogenous group of tumors that frequently affect pediatric and young adult patients. Accurate classification and distinction from the Ewing sarcoma family of tumor (ESFT) is decisive in patient management. ELS share a significant morphologic, immunohistochemical and clinical overlap with ESFT, thus the differential diagnosis is challenging, especially with atypical ESFT and tumors with unusual immunoprofiles or uncommon clinicoradiological findings. A subset of ELS harboring the CIC-DUX4 or BCOR-CCNB3 fusions has been described recently. The spectrum of ELS is now expanding, and additional gene fusion partners besides DUX4 or CCNB3 have been detected, and the terms CIC or BCOR-rearranged sarcomas have recently been proposed. We review the clinical, histological, phenotypic and molecular findings of ESFT and these new emerging ELS.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the differences of the trophoblast cell function in first trimester between natural pregnancy and pregnancy after IVF-ET therapy. Methods: 102 cases with twin to singleton fetal reduction after IVF-ET treatment from July 2010 to August 2013 in Peking University Third Hospital were involved in analysis, and eight specimens were obtained from this group. 10 natural-pregnancy cases undergoing artificial abortion with unwanted pregnancy were recruited as control. Semi-quantitative immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression of EGFR, Bcl-2, tubulin-α, metallothionein and AFP in villi in both groups. Results: Of the 102 cases, 14 cases (13.73%) were aborted. Preterm birth occurred in seven cases (7.86%). Low birth weight occurred in three patients (3.37%), and extremely low birth weight occurred in four cases (4.49%). The expression of EGFR, tubulin-α, Bcl-2, and metallothionein in the IVF-ET group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). However, AFP expression was significantly higher in IVF-ET group than in control group (P<0.05). In IVF-ET group, the miscarriage case had weaker EGFR, tubulin-α, and metallothionein expression than full-term pregnancy; the early preterm labor case had weaker Bcl-2, tubulin-α, and metallothionein expression; and velamentous cord insertion case had weaker tubulin-α expression. Conclusions: The trophoblast cell function of IVF-ET group in first trimester is different from control group in proliferation, invasion, apoptosis and vascular development, and optimal pregnancy outcome depends on the self-healing balance of trophoblast cells.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.