Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University

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ISSN 1673-4254

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the perioperative benefit of suprapubic cystostomy in bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (B-TURP) for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) below 80 g. Methdods: This retrospective study was conducted in patients undergoing B-TURP for BPH below 80 g, who were stratified with respect of suprapubic cystostomy in B-TURP. The end points including the safety, efficiency, complications and nursing care were compared between the two groups. Results: A total of 585 patients were enrolled, including 366 in cystostomy group and 219 in non-cystostomy group. The two groups showed similar postoperative reduction of serum sodium (0.06 vs 0.54 mmol/L, P>0.05), hematocrict (2.44% vs 2.89%, P>0.05), and blood hemoglobin concentration (9.62 vs 10.42 g/L, P>0.05), with comparable weight of resected prostate (42.50 vs 43.76 g, P>0.05). The operation time was significantly longer in cystostomy group than in non-cystostomy group (90.75 vs 76.28 min, P<0.05), but the rate of blood transfusion and incidences of postoperative fever and catheter blocking were comparable between the two groups. Compared with the non-cystostomy group, cystostomy group had significantly longer time for bladder washing (3.15 vs 2.57 days, P<0.05), catheter indwelling time (5.19 vs 4.15 days, P<0.05), and hospital stay after the operation (7.36 vs 5.65 days, P<0.05). Conclusions: In B-TURP for BPH below the weight of 80 g, suprapubic cystostomy is associated with a longer time for operation, bladder washing, catheter indwelling and postoperative hospital stay, and thus provides no obvious benefits for the patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine whether the miRNA expression profile in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) differs between liver transplant recipients with long-term stable survival and those with acute rejection. Methods: Twenty-nine liver transplant recipients with long-term stable survival (STA) group, 10 recipients with acute rejection (RJ group), and 17 healthy subjects (control group) were recruited for genome-wide microarray analysis of miRNA expressions in the PBMCs. The differentially expressed miRNAs among the 3 groups were validated by real-time PCR, and the targets of these miRNAs were predicted. Results: Compared with the RJ group, the STA group showed down-regulation of 13 miRNAs in the PBMCs. Of these down-regulated miRNAs, miRNA-18b, miRNA-340 and miRNA-106b were validated by real-time PCR, and the latter two miRNAs were predicted to target the TGF-β pathway. Conclusions: The differentially expressed miRNAs in liver transplant recipients with long-term stable survival, namely miRNA-18b, miRNA-340 and miRNA-106b, can be potential clinical biomarkers to predict the outcomes of liver transplantation.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the role of miR-181c in glycolysis of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and explore the mechanism. Methods: Human lung CAFs and normal fibroblasts (NFs), isolated from fresh human lung adenocarcinoma tissue specimens by primary culture of tissue explants, were transfected with a miR -181c mimics, a miR-181c inhibitor, a siRNA siRNA-HK2 or the vector HK2-vector via Lipofectamine(TM) 2000. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to analyze the changes in miR-125b expression in the transfected cells; hexokinase-2 (HK2) protein expression in the cells was detected using Western blotting, and the cellular glucose uptake was assessed with 2-NBDG. Lactate production in the cells was examined and expression of HK2 mRNA was detected with dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Results: No obvious difference was found in the cell morphology between CAFs and NFs. Compared with the NFs, the CAFs showed obviously increased glucose uptake, lactate production and HK2 protein expression with decreased expressions of the miR-181 family (P<0.05). Transfection with the miR-181 inhibito- rsignificantly increased glucose uptake, lactate production and HK2 protein expression in the NFs. In CAFs, transfection with the miR-181 mimics caused significantly lowered glucose uptake, lactate production and HK2 protein expression of. Knockdown of endogenous HK2 by siRNA abolished miR-181 mimics-mediated decrease of glucose uptake and lactate production in CAFs, while transfection with miR-181 mimics suppressed HK2 overexpression-induced enhancement of glucose uptake and lactate production in NFs. Conclusion: Transfection with miR-181 mimics can suppress glycolysis in CAFs by inhibiting HK2 expression.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To clone human CD45 gene PTPRC and establish Hela cells overexpressing recombinant human CD45 protein. Methods: The intact cDNA encoding human CD45 amplified using RT-PCR from the total RNA extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a healthy donor was cloned into pMD-18T vector. The CD45 cDNA fragment amplified from the pMD-18T-CD45 by PCR was inserted to the coding region of the PcDNA3.1-3xflag vector, and the resultant recombinant expression vector PcDNA3.1-3xflag-CD45 was transfected into Hela cells. The expression of CD45 in Hela cells was detected by flow cytometry and Western blotting, and the phosphastase activity of CD45 was quantified using an alkaline phosphatase assay kit. Results: The cDNA fragment of about 3 900 bp was amplified from human PBMCs and cloned into pMD-18T vector. The recombinant expression vector PcDNA3.1-3xflag-CD45 was constructed, whose restriction maps and sequence were consistent with those expected. The expression of CD45 in transfected Hela cells was detected by flow cytometry and Western blotting, and the expressed recombinant CD45 protein in Hela cells showed a phosphastase activity. Conclusion: The cDNA of human CD45 was successfully cloned and effectively expressed in Hela cells, which provides a basis for further exploration of the functions of CD45.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the value of C-reactive protein (CRP) on transplantation day in predicting early post-transplant infections and outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 78 recipients undergoing allo-HSCT. The clinical reference value of CRP on transplantation day was determined, and its sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing bacteremia was analyzed using receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC). The incidence of transplant-related complications, overall survival, and relapse rate of the patients were analyzed with respect to the CRP level. Results: The clinical reference value of CRP for diagnosing bacteremia was 23.3 mg/L (AUC=0.735 [95% CI: 0.623-0.848], P=0.001), which had a diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of 0.793 and 0.592, respectively. Compared with the patients with low CRP levels, the patients with high CRP levels tended to have delayed neutrophil reconstitution and platelet engraftment by 0.71 days (P=0.237) and 4.09 days (P=0.048), respectively, and had a significantly higher incidence of bacteremia (17.1% vs 53.5%, P=0.001) and CMV viremia (37.1% vs 72.1%, P=0.003) within 100 days following the transplantation; the incidences of EBV viremia, pulmonary invasive fungal infection, or acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) showed no significant difference between the two groups (41.9% vs 22.9%, P=0.094; 14.0% vs 5.7%, P=0.285; 51.2% vs 45.7, P=0.656, respectively). During the follow-up for a median of 318 (7-773) days in high-CRP group and for 299 (78-747) days in low-CRP group, the high-CRP group showed a significantly lower 2-year overall survival than the low-CRP group (42.5% vs 78.4%, P=0.022), and tended to have a higher 2-year cumulative relapse rate (52.3% vs 19.8%, P=0.235). Logistic multivariate analysis identified a high CRP level on transplantation day as the independent risk factor for post-transplant bacteremia within 100 days (OR=5.090 [95% CI: 1.115 -23.229], P=0.036). Conclusion: A high CRP level on transplantation day can be indicative of a high risk of early post-transplant bacteremia and CMV viremia and also a poor prognosis following allo-HSCT.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the effect of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) on the release of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), MMP-9, and interleukin-17 (IL-17) in cultured mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) in vitro. Methods: Primarily cultured mouse BMMCs at 8 weeks were exposed PBS (control) or TNF-α at the concentrations of 2, 10, or 50 ng/mL for 12 or 24 h. Real-time PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expressions of MMP-3, MMP-9, and IL-17 in the exposed cells. Results: A 12-hour exposure of the BMMCs to TNF-α caused significantly increased expressions of MMP-3, MMP-9, and IL-17 in a concentration-dependent manner (P<0.05). Prolonged exposures of the cells to 2 and 10 TNF-α for 24 h further increased MMP-3, MMP-9, and IL-17 mRNA expressions, but exposure to 50 ng/mL TNF-α for 24 h increased only MMP-3 and MMP-9 expressions but not IL-17 mRNA expression. Conclusions: TNF-α treatment of primarily cultured BMMCs can significantly increase the cellular expressions of MMP-3, MMP-9, and IL-17 mRNA in a time- and dose-dependent manner.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To test the feasibility of using 1,5-anhydroglucose alcohol (1,5-AG) as a diagnostic indicator of fulminant type 1 diabetes (FT1DM). Methods: Fifteen patients with newly diagnosed FT1DM and 52 with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were examined for serum biochemistry, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), and serum 1, 5-AG level. Results: The patients with FT1DM and T2DM showed significantly different fasting levels of blood glucose (FBG), fructosamine (FMN), creatinine (Cr), urea, HbAlc and serum 1,5-AG (P<0.05). In FT1DM patients, serum 1,5-AG was found to inversely correlate with FBG (r=-0.646, P=0.032) and FMN (r=-0.680, P=0.021), and in T2DM patients, serum 1,5-AG was inversely correlated with FBG (r=-0.407, P=0.001), FMN (r=-0.314, P=0.01) and HbAlc (r=-0.576, P<0.01). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed an area under the curve of serum 1,5-AG of 0.804 with a cutoff value of 67.95, a sensitivity of 82.9% and a specificity of 60% for FT1DM diagnosis. Conclusion: Serum 1, 5-AG can reflect acute blood glucose fluctuation in FT1DM patients and is useful for differential diagnosis of FT1DM when combined with evaluations of the clinical characteristics of the patients and other related indicators.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the effect of physiological dose 17-β-estrodiol (E2) replacement therapy on vascular dementia caused by cerebral chronic hypoperfusion. Methods: The rats with bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) received E2 treatment starting from 3 days or 3 months after the operation. IgG leakage into the brain parenchyma and the changes of microvascular ultrastructure following BCCAO were examined using immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy, respectively; Western blotting was used to detect the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein. Results: Compared with the sham-operated groups, the rats at 3 days and 3 months after BCCAO showed extensive vascular damages surrounded by IgG immunoreactivity in both the cortical and hippocampal CA1 regions. Stronger IgG immunoreactivity in the hippocampal CA1 region was observed at 3 days after BCCAO than at 3 months, but no significant IgG leakage was found in rats with continuous E2 treatment. Electron microscopy revealed severe edema around the blood vessels, mild vascular dilation, and endothelial cell damages at both 3 days and 3 months after BCCAO. E2 treatment markedly reduced the microvascular ultrastructural damages. Western blot analysis showed a significant increase in VEGF expression in the CA1 region at 6 h and 1 day after BCCAO followed by an obvious reduction till reaching the lowest level at 3 days; VEGF expression remained low even at 3 months after BCCAO and was significantly increased by E2 treatment. Conclusions: Vascular structural damage occurs early after BCCAO and can last for 3 months. E2 replacement therapy at physiological doses can reduce the incidence of BCCAO-induced vascular dementia by up-regulating VEGF expression.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the effect of Euphorbia fischeriana extract on latent HIV reactivation and the pathway involved in this process and discuss the value of Euphorbia fischeriana extract in eliminating HIV. Methods: Fresh tissues of Euphorbia fischeriana root were crushed into powder after quick freezing with liquid nitrogen and extracted with acetone followed by a three-day vacuum freeze-drying for dehydration of the extract. The extract (EFE) was separated using RP-C18 column with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and identified with mass spectrometry (MS). The activity of reactivated latent HIV was analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting in a J-Lat 10.6 cell model treated with EFE (50 µg/mL) for 24 h, using TNF-α (10 ng/mL) as the positive control. The effect of a NF-κB pathway inhibitor (Bay 11-7082) on EFE activity was tested. The changes in P65 expression in the cell nuclei within 2 h and HIV protein p24 expression within 24 h were analyzed by Western blotting in cells treated with EFE. Results: EFE was obtained by one-step acetone extraction, and the concentration of prostratin in the extract was around 0.53 mmol/L. About 50% of the cells showed HIV reactivation after treatment with 50 µg/mL EFE for 24 h accompanied by a significantly increased p24 expression. The activity of EFE in reactivating latent HIV was inhibited by Bay 11-7082 in a concentration-dependent manner, and p65 accumulation was detected in the cell nuclei within 2 h. Conclusion: EFE we obtained contains the active compounds of prostratin and its analogues and shows a strong capacity to reactivate latent HIV through classical NF-κB pathway.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the effect of RbAp48 knockdown on the migration and invasion of human cervical cancer cells and explore the mechanism. Methods: A small interference RNA (siRNA) was used to knock down the expression of RbAp48 in MS751 cells. The changes in cell migration and invasion were evaluated using wound healing assay and Transwell assay, respectively, and the expressions of RbAp48, vimentin, N-cadherin, E-cadherin, Snail, Twist, MMP-2 and TIMP-2 were determined with Western blotting. Results: After siRNA-mediated RbAp48 knockdown, MS751 cells showed a significantly reduced expression of RbAp48 with significantly suppressed cell migration and invasion (P<0.01). RbAp48 knockdown induced obvious down-regulation of the expressions of interstitial cell phenotype proteins vimentin, N-cadherin, and MMP-2 and up-regulation of epithelial cell phenotype proteins E-cadherin and TIMP-2, suggesting the inhibition of epithelial- mesenchymal transition of the cells. The expressions of Snail and Twist were significantly down-regulated in the cells following RbAp48 knockdown. Conclusion: Knockdown of RbAp48 can significantly inhibit epithelial-mesenchymal transition and suppress the migration and invasion of cervical cancer cell line MS751, the mechanism of which may involve the down-regulation of Snail and Twist expressions.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Precision medicine, based on personalized medicine, is to provide personalized and precise treatment. The emergence of 3D printing technique as well as genome sequencing provides an effective way to realize precise and personalized treatment. The application of 3D printing technique in the field of surgery is listed as following: optimize operation plan to achieve precise and personalized surgery; design personalized navigation template; personalized prosthesis production; design of personalized tissue and organ. With the development of tissue engineering, new material technology and genome sequencing and the improvement in related polices and regulations, precision medicine will step on a higher level in the field of surgery. This review introduces the application of precision medicine in the field of surgery.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To improve the water solubility and biological activity of neoligans (magnolol and honokiol) and test the antitumor activity of the modified compounds. Methods: The glycosylated products of magnolol and honokiol were obtained by enzymatic synthesis using a UDP-glycosyltransferase (YjiC) from Bacillus. The products were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis. MTT assay was used to detect the growth inhibition of 4 human cancer cell lines induced by the compounds. Results: We obtained two glucosides of neolignans (magnolol and honokiol) for the first time by enzymatic synthesis using a UDP-glycosyltransferase. Based on the spectroscopic data, the glucosides were identified as magnolol-2- O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1) and honokiol-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2). Compounds 1-4 exhibited moderate anti-proliferative activities against the 4 human cancer cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 9.41 to 111.21 µmol/L. Conclusion: The glycoslated products show enhanced water solubility and drug sensitivity against SMMC7721 cells, suggesting their value as potential therapeutic drugs.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the quantity and size distribution of 24-hour urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) from healthy adults. Methods: The 24-hour uEVs from 9 healthy adults were isolated by hydrostatic filtration dialysis (HFD). The effectiveness of uEVs enrichment was evaluated using Western blotting and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The quantity and size distribution of the uEVs was analyzed with BCA protein quantification, TEM, and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). Results: uEVs with different sizes and morphologies were observed under TEM. Western blotting confirmed the expression of TSG101 in all the uEV fractions from the 9 donors, ranging from 132.50 to 760.70 ng/mL. NTA results showed that the number of 24-hour uEVs amount ranged from 3.56×10(12) particles to 5.12×10(12) particles, with a CV of 14.23%. The proportion of the vesicles with a diameter <40 nm was 0.04%-0.69% with a number range of (1.80-26.49)×10(9) particles; the proportion of vesicles with a diameter of 40-100 nm (which is consistent with the size of exosomes)was 22.07%-42.08% with a number range of (1.00-1.77)×10(12) particles. The proportion of vesicles with a diameter of 100-1000 nm (consistent with the size of microvesicles) was 57.88%-77.85% with a number range of (2.09-3.86)×10(12) particles. Conclusion: The established HFD method allows efficient and convenient isolation of uEVs from a large amount of urine samples. The 24-hour uEVs from healthy adults show narrow differences between individuals and thus can be an ideal source of samples for relevant studies.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objevtive: To study the effect of spvB/spvC gene on Salmonella virulence and the Host immune. Methods: STM.211, STM.211-Delta;spvB, STM.211-Delta;spvC, STM.211-Delta;spvB.spvC and PBS were infected with 0.2 mL 10(5) CFU corresponding strain respectively by intraperitoneal. We observed the mental status, movement, diarrhea, weight, pelage changed hair of the infected mouse. Then the level of IL-10, IL-12, IFN-γ were detected by ELISA. Finally, we observe the pathological changes of liver and spleen with the general view and the microscope. Results: Infection symptoms of STM.211, STM.211-Delta;spvB and STM.211-Delta;spvC were significantly worse than PBS group, but there was no significant difference between STM.211-spvB.spvC group and PBS group. The secretion of IFN-γ and IL-12 of STM.211, STM.211-Delta;spvB, STM.211-Delta;spvC group were significantly lower than those in the STM.211-Delta;spvB.spvC group (P<0.05), but IL-10 secretion was significantly higher than STM.211-Delta;spvB.spvC group (P<0.05). There were no statistical significance among the STM.211, STM.211-Delta;SpvB, STM.211-Delta;spvC groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: Salmonella virulence can be affected obviously by spvB combined with spvC gene, but not by spvB or spvC. spvB/spvC gene can inhibit the TH1 cytokines (IFN-γ and IL-12) secretion but promote the TH2 cytokines (IL-10) expression, leading immune response trend to TH2 shift. It shows that spvB/spvC gene can help the bacteria evade the host immune defenses, leading to aggravation of infection.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To establish a method for detecting rifampicin in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with restricted access media coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography that allows online direct sample injection and enrichment. Methods: We used the column of restricted access media as the pre-treatment column and a C18 column as the analytical column. The mobile phase of pre-treatment column was water-methanol (95:5,V/V) and the flow rate was 1 mL/min; the mobile phase of the analytical column was methanol-acetonitrile-10 mmol/L ammonuium acetate (volume ratio of 60:5:35). The detection wavelength was 254 nm and the column temperature was set at 25 degrees celsius;. Results: For an injection volume of 100 µL, the peak area of rifampicin was 5.33 times that for an injection volume of 20 µL, and the limit of detection was effectively improved. The calibration curve showed an excellent linear relationship (r=0.9997) between rifampicin concentrations and peak areas within the concentration range of 0.25 to 8 µg/mL in CSF. The limits of detection and quantification was 0.07 µg/mL and 0.25 µg/mL, respecetively, with intra-day and inter-day assay precisions and relative standard deviation (RSD%) all below 5%. The recoveries of rifampicin at 3 blank spiked levels (low, medium, and high) ranged from 87.69% to 102.11%. In patients taking oral rifampicin at the dose of 10 mg/kg, the average rifampicin concentration was 0.29 in the CSF at 2 h after medication. Conclusion: The method we established is simple and fast for detecting rifampicin in CSF and allows direct online injection and enrichment with good detection precisions and accuracies.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of serum 1,3-beta-D-glucan (BG) and galactomannan (GM) detection for early diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in patients after renal transplantation. Methods: Blood samples collected from 69 renal transplant recipients were divided into diagnosis group, clinical diagnosis group, suspected diagnosis group, and non-infected group for detection of serum BG and GM. Results: The mean serum levels of BG in the diagnosis group, clinical diagnosis group, and suspected diagnosis group were significantly higher than that in non-infected group (P<0.05). The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of BG was 69.49%, 70%, 93.18% and 35.71% for IA diagnosis, respectively. The serum levels of GM in the 3 diagnosis groups were also significantly higher than that in the non-infected group (P<0.05) with the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 84.75%, 90%, 96.15% and 52.63% for IA diagnosis, respectively. Conclsuion: Increased serum BG and GM levels can serve as the evidence for early diagnosis of IA with a high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity in renal transplant recipients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the effect of edaravone on oxidative stress and myocardial fibrosis induced by isoproterenol in rats. Methods: Fifty male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, including a control group, a myocardial fibrosis model (established by injections of isopropyl adrenaline for 10 days) group, and 3 edaravone groups with edaravone treatment at low, medium, or high doses for 14 days. After the treatments, the rats were examined for the degree of myocardial fibrosis, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), collagen volume fraction (CVF), and myocardial contents of collagen I (Col I), collage III (Col III), hydroxyproline (Hyp), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide (NO); The expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in the myocardial tissues was examined by immunofluorescence assay and Western blotting. Results: Compared with the control rats, the rat models of myocardial fibrosis showed significantly increased CVF and LVMI (P=0.000), which were lowered by edaravone treatments in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). The myocardial contents of Col I, Col III and Hyp also increased in the model group (P=0.000) and were lowered dose-dependently by edaravone; the contents of MDA was higher (P=0.000) and SOD and NO were lower in the model group (P=0.000), and edaravone treatments obviously increased SOD and NO contents (P<0.05). The model rats showed significantly increased myocardial expression of TGF-β1 (P=0.000), which was markedly lowered by edaravone treatments (P=0.000). The myocardial content of MDA was positively correlated while SOD and NO were negatively with LVMI, CVF, Col I, Col III and Hyp; TGF-β1 was positively correlated with LVMI, CVF, Col I, Col III, Hyp and MDA but negatively with SOD and NO. Conclusion: Edaravone can relieve oxidative stress and inhibit TGF-β1 activation to ameliorate myocardial fibrosis in rats.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the value of detecting thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) and Noval aspartic proteinase of pepsin family A (napsin A) in pleural fluid cell blocks in cytopathologic diagnosis of pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Methods: Conventional cell smears of pleural effusions were obtained from 48 patients with a history of lung adenocarcinoma for cytological analysis. The cell blocks were prepared using the cytological specimens and examined with immunohistochemistry for TTF-1 and napsin A. The rates of a positive diagnosis of pulmonary adenocarcinoma were compared between the two methods, and the diagnositic value of TTF-1 and napsin A in pleural fluid cell blocks was evaluated. Results: Immuno- histochemistry of the cell block sections yielded a significantly higher positive rate of diagnosis than cytological analysis of conventional cell smear (84.44% vs 55.56%, P<0.05). Most of the pleural fluid cell blocks showed positive expressions of TTF-1 (36/38, 94.74%) and napsin A (30/38, 78.95%), and none of samples showed TTF-1 or napsin A expression in the mesothelial cells (P<0.05). The combination detection of TTF-1 and napsin A in pleural fluid cell blocks had a high diagnosis value with a diagnostic sensitivity of 97.37% and a specificity of 100% for pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Conclusions: The combined detection of TTF-1 and napsin A in pleural fluid cell blocks facilitates cytopathologic diagnosis of pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the effect of stable knockdown of DNA methyltransferase 3b (DNMT3b) on the proliferation and apoptosis of bladder cancer cells. Methods: Lentivirus expressing DNMT3b siRNA or the negative control siRNA was infected in human bladder cancer BIU-87 cells. MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to detect cell proliferation and apoptosis, respectively. The inhibitory effect of DNMT3b knockdown on xenograft tumors in nude mice was observed. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were carried out to investigate the expression level of cell apoptosis related genes. Methylation specific PCR was used to examine the methylation in the promoter region of the cell apoptosis related genes. Results: The results of real-time PCR and Western blotting showed that DNMT3b mRNA and protein level were stably knocked down in BIU-87 cells. Stable DNMT3b knockdown suppressed BIU-87 cell growth and the tumor formation ability of the cells in nude mice. DNMT3b knockdown promoted the apoptosis of BIU-87 cells, increased the mRNA and protein expression of the cell growth and apoptosis related genes including DAPK, Bax and RASSF1A, and significantly decreased the methylation of these genes. Conclusion: Stable DNMT3b knockdown can affect the methylation of the cell growth and apoptosis related genes to regulate their expression, which might be a possible mechanism for suppressed cell growth and enhanced apoptosis of BIU-87 cells.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the differences between the Bayesian interim analysis and the classical interim analysis. Methods: To compare the means of two independent samples between control and treatment, superior hypothesis test was established. In line with the data requirements for group sequential design, Type Iota error of Bayesian interim analysis based on various prior distributions, Power, Average Sample Size and Average Stage were estimated in the interim analysis. Results: In the Pocock and O' Brien & Fleming designs, the Type Iota errors in the Bayesian interim analysis based on the skeptical prior distribution and the handicap prior distribution were controlled at around 0.05. When the powers of these two classical designs were both 80%, Bayesian powers of the skeptical prior distribution and the handicap prior distribution were markedly lower. The powers of the non-informative prior distribution and the enthusiastic prior distribution were distinctly higher than 80%. Conclusion: In the Bayesian interim analysis based on the skeptical prior distribution and the handicap Prior distribution, the Type Iota errors can be well controlled. Bayesian interim analyses using these two prior distributions, compared with the analysis adopting the O' Brien & Fleming method, can markedly increase the possibility of ending the clinical trials ahead of time. The Bayesian interim analyses based on these two distributions do not have practical value for group sequential design of the Pocock method.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University