Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

Publisher: Shanghai Shi zhen jiu jing luo yan jiu suo, Springer Verlag

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ISSN 1672-3597
OCLC 174110905
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

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Springer Verlag

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Publications in this journal


  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the regulatory effect of moxibustion on the expression of CD86 and CD163, which are the important functional phenotypes of macrophage differentiation in lung tissue of ulcerative colitis (UC) rats. The mechanism of the regulatory effect of moxibustion for macrophage differentiation based on the key cytokine interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis death factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin- 4 (IL-4) and interleukin-13 (IL-13) was also explored. Methods Forty SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group (NG), a model group (MG), a normal moxibustion group (NMG) and a smokeless moxibustion group (SMG). The model of UC was made by antigen immunization combined with enema with topical formalin. The rats in the normal moxibustion group accepted moxibustion at bilateral Tianshu (ST 25), while the rats in the smokeless moxibustion group with smokeless moxibustion at bilateral Tianshu (ST 25), each 10 min, once a day for 8 d. After treatments, the hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of colonic tissue, the Western blotting (WB) was used to observe the expression of CD86 and CD163, two important functional phenotypes of macrophage differentiation in lung tissue of UC rats, while the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to assess the content of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-4 and IL-13, the key cytokines of macrophage differentiation in micro environment of the lung tissue. Results Compared with the NG, the colons of rats in MG were injured more seriously, and the scores of gross observation and histological examination were significantly higher (P<0.05). Compared with the MG, the pathological changes of the two groups of rats with moxibustion treatment were improved, which presented with ulcer repair, inflammation dissipation, and the general score and histological score of the two groups were decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the NG, the expression of CD86 in the lung tissue of rats in the MG was increased (P<0.05), and CD163 expression was decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the MG and the SMG, the expression of CD86 in the lung tissue of the rats in the NMG was significantly lower than those in the MG and SMG, and CD163 was higher (P<0.05), while the differences were not statistically significant between the MG and the SMG (P>0.05). Compared with the NG, the expression of key cytokines in lung tissue of MG was abnormal, the contents of IFN-γ and TNF-α increased (P<0.05), while the IL-4 and IL-13 decreased (P<0.05). The IL-4 and IL-13 were significantly increased in lung tissue of rats in the NMG (P<0.05), and the IFN-γ and TNF-α were reduced (P<0.05), compared with those in the MG and the SMG, while the differences were not statistically significant between the MG and the SMG (P>0.05). Conclusion Moxibustion can increase the expression of CD163, the important functional phenotype of macrophages in lung tissue of UC rats, and the differentiation critical cytokines IL-4 and IL-13. It can also reduce activated phenotype CD86 and its differentiation critical cytokines IFN-γ and TNF-α in the lung tissue of UC rats.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To reveal the action mechanism and efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) plus external application of Wei Ling Xian (Radix Clematidis) extract in treating knee osteoarthritis (KOA), for providing theoretical evidence and novel plan for the treatment of KOA. Methods Totally 284 inpatients were divided into an EA group and an observation group by the random number table, 142 cases in each group. The EA group was intervened by EA, ultrashort waves, and oral administration of Glucosamine Hydrochloride capsules; while the observation group was by external application of Wei Ling Xian (Radix Clematidis) extract at topical area in addition to the treatment given to the EA group. The intervention lasted 14 d in both groups. X-ray examination of knee joint was ordered before and after treatment, as well as the detection of positive expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) in cartilage of knee joint, hyaluronic acid (HA) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the inflammatory effusion; the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were adopted to evaluate the clinical efficacy. Results In the observation group, the X-ray examination result of knee joint was significantly improved, the positive expressions of MMP-1 and IL-1β content were significantly decreased, the level of HA was increased, WOMAC and VAS scores dropped, and the total effective rate was 91.5%, which were significantly different from those in the EA group (P<0.05). Conclusion EA plus external application of Wei Ling Xian (Radix Clematidis) extract can produce a more significant efficacy in treating KOA compared to ordinary EA treatment.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the clinical effect of moxibustion on Governor Vessel for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) due to kidney yang deficiency. Methods A total of 60 patients of AS due to kidney yang deficiency were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group by random digital table, 30 cases in each group. Both of the two groups were treated by oral administration of Sulfasalazine tablets. Additionally, the treatment group was given moxibustion on Governor Vessel, and the control group was given sham moxibustion. The treatment was given once every other day, 4 weeks constituted one course, 2 courses in total. Before treatment, after 1-course and 2-course treatments, the quantified scores of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes and the symptoms scores recommended by AS International Society [including Bath ankylosing spondylitis disease activity index (BASDAI), visual analogue scale (VAS), Bath ankylosing spondylitis functional index (BASFI) and Bath ankylosing spondylitis metrology index (BASMI)] were respectively observed and recorded, and the change of safety item was monitored. Results After 1-course and 2-course treatments, the quantified scores of TCM syndromes were obviously improved than those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and the score was improved better in the treatment group than that in the control group (P<0.05). In comparison within the group, there were no statistical differences between the scores after 1-course treatment and 2-course treatment in the two groups (P>0.05). After 1-course treatment, the items of the symptoms scores were improved than those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05). After 2-course treatment, the therapeutic effect was more remarkable in the treatment group, with a statistical difference between the two groups (P<0.05). During treatment, no obvious abnormality in all safety items was noticed in the two groups. Conclusion Moxibustion on Governor Vessel can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms of AS patients, without obvious adverse reaction.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of combining tuina and Chinese herbal fumigation for chronic ankle sprain. Methods A total of 93 cases were randomly allocated into an observation group (n=47) and a control group (n=46) according to the table of random number. Cases in the observation group received tuina combining with Chinese herbal fumigation, whereas cases in the control group received oral blood-circulating and pain-alleviating capsules combining with Chinese herbal fumigation. Both tuina and Chinese herbal fumigation were done once every other day and 10 times made up a course of treatment. The Baird-Jackson ankle scoring system and clinical efficacy were observed after 1 course of treatment. Results After treatment, except for radiographic findings, there were significant intra-group differences in individual item scores of Baird-Jackson (P<0.05, P<0.01); except for ankle joint range of motion (ROM), there were significant betweengroup differences in individual item scores and total score (P<0.01). The excellence and good rate was 76.6% in the observation group, versus 54.4% in the control group, showing a statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion Combining Chinese herbal fumigation and tuina based on the muscle region theory can obtain better effect than combining oral blood-circulating and pain-alleviating capsules and Chinese herbal fumigation for chronic ankle sprain.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture on peripheral facial paralysis in acute period and changes in facial nerve F-wave. Methods A total of 148 eligible cases were randomly allocated into an observation group (n=74) and a control group (n=74) by their visiting sequence. In addition to oral Prednisone and Aciclovir tablets, patients in the observation group received point-towards-point acupuncture therapy, whereas patients in the control group received routine acupuncture therapy. The treatment was done once a day and 6 times made up a course of treatment. The efficacy evaluation was made after 2 courses. The electromyography (EMG) F-wave was monitored before and after treatment. Results After 2 courses of treatment, the recovery rate and total effective rate were 47.3% and 94.6% respectively in the observation group, versus 20.3% and 82.4% in the control group, showing statistical differences (P<0.01). Before treatment, the facial nerve F-wave latency on the affected side was prolonged and its frequency of occurrence was decreased in both groups. After treatment, the F-wave latency and frequency of occurrence were significantly improved in both groups (P<0.05) and there were significant between-group differences (P<0.05). Conclusion In addition to Western medication, point-towards-point acupuncture therapy can obtain more accurate and better effect than routine acupuncture therapy for acute peripheral facial paralysis.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of ‘Three Steps to Regulate Qi Method’ tuina for infantile cough. Methods Fifty-one children with cough were enrolled and received ‘Three Steps to Regulate Qi Method’ tuina, once a day for 5 d. The effects were observed after 5 treatments. Results There was no dropout case during the process. Among the 51 infantile patients, 37 cases were cured, 14 cases were improved, and the total effective rate was 100%. Conclusion ‘Three Steps to Regulate Qi Method’ tuina is an effective, simple and convenient method for infatile cough and worth spreading in clinical application.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Luteinized unruptured follicle syndrome (LUFS), a specific type of ovulation disorder, is for a cause of female infertility. Acupuncture therapy has a good effect for LUFS. In order to understand the clinical effects and research situation of acupuncture therapy for LUFS, the author analyzed and reviewed the relevant literature. It was indicated by the findings that acupuncture therapy and integrative therapy of acupuncture and Chinese herbs have good therapeutic effect for this disease. Acupuncture therapy has the effect to promote ovulation. By the therapeutic principle to tonify the kidney and circulate blood, acupuncture therapy mostly was adopted in the period of ovulation. The acupoints are mostly selected from the lower abdomen and lower limbs, possibly based upon syndrome differentiation at the same time. The needling techniques are of certain characteristics. But, the issues of low quality, un-standardized inclusive, exclusive criteria and effective criteria still exist in the current clinical study. © 2015, Shanghai Research Institute of Acupuncture and Meridian and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Prof. Gao Yu-chun’s needling Yangming method for facial palsy, as well as to inherit and further develop the academic idea. Methods A total of 70 cases were randomly allocated into a treatment group (n=35) and a control group (n=35). Cases in the treatment group were treated with needling Yangming method, whereas cases in the control group were treated with traditional acupuncture method. The treatment was done once a day in both groups (6 times a week) for a total of 6 weeks. Then the therapeutic efficacies were evaluated before and after treatment using the House-Brackmann (H-B) scale and scores of signs and symptoms. Results After 2 weeks of treatment, patients in the treatment group obtained a better H-B score and recovery rate than those in the control group (P<0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, the H-B score, scores of signs and symptoms and recovery rate in the treatment group were better than those in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01, P<0.05). After 6 weeks of treatment, there were no between-group statistical differences in the above aspects (P>0.05). Conclusion: Needling Yangming method can obtain a faster effect, a higher early-stage recovery rate and shorter course of treatment than traditional acupuncture method. Conclusion Needling Yangming method can obtain a faster effect, a higher early-stage recovery rate and shorter course of treatment than traditional acupuncture method.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the effect of Da Huang (Rheum Officinale) application at Shenque (CV 8) on constipation after operation for lumbar vertebral fracture. Methods Seventy-four patients with constipation after operation for lumbar vertebral fracture were divided into an observation group and a control group by the random number table, 37 cases in each group. The two groups both received ordinary treatment (including healthcare guidance, emotional care, diet arrangement, and defecation nursing), while the observation group was additionally given Da Huang (Rheum Officinale) application at Shenque (CV 8) for 6 h each day. The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated after successive 3-day treatment. Results After 3-day treatment, it took significantly less time for the observation group to conduct the first flatulence and defecation than for the control group (P<0.05); the therapeutic efficacy of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion Da Huang (Rheum Officinale) application at Shenque (CV 8) is effective in treating constipation after lumbar vertebral fracture operation, and it’s easy-to-operate and well accepted by patients, hence it’s proper to promote this method in clinic.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the effect of breathing and Daoyin exercises on the quality of life in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to deficiency of the lung and kidney (grade II-III). Methods A total of 60 eligible cases were randomly allocated into a treatment group (n=30) and a control group (n=30) by random number table. Cases in the control group received routine Western medical treatment, whereas cases in the treatment group conducted breathing and Daoyin exercises in addition to routine Western medical treatment. Patients in both groups were treated for a total of 3 months. Then the observation was made on changes in pulmonary ventilation function, major clinical symptoms, modified Medical Research Council scale (mMRC), distance in 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), COPD assessment test (CAT) and efficacy satisfaction questionnaire for COPD (ESQ-COPD) before and after treatment. Results After treatment, the total effective rate was 80.0% in the treatment group, versus 66.7% in the control group, showing a statistical difference (P<0.05). Patients in the treatment group obtained more significant improvement in coughing, sputum production, dyspnea and shortness of breath than those in the control group (P<0.05). Patients in the treatment group obtained more significant elevation in the forced expiratory volume in 1 second percentage of predicted value (FEV1%) and peak expiratory flow rate (PEF%) than those in the control group (P<0.05). Patients in the treatment group obtained lower mMRC score than those in the control group (P<0.05). Patients in the treatment group obtained longer 6-MWT distance than those in the control group (P<0.05). Patients in the treatment group obtained lower CAT score (P<0.01) and higher ESQ-COPD score (P<0.05) than those in the control group. Conclusion Breathing and Daoyin exercises combined with routine Western medical treatment are effective for stable COPD (grade II-III) due to deficiency of the lung and kidney and can improve the patients’ quality of life.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science