Autoimmunity (Autoimmunity)

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

Journal description

Current understanding of autoimmune disease is being increasingly underpinned by the new molecular sciences. Progress in this area has been little short of spectacular, and all clinical specialities now recognise autoimmunity as a major component of the diseases with which they are involved. Autoimmunity is an international, peer reviewed journal that publishes articles of clinical and basic science on the pathogenesis, immunology, genetics, molecular biology, and treatment of autoimmune diseases. In addition to the basic mechanisms and elements of the immune system, the journal focuses on the autoimmune processes associated with systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren syndrome, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and other systemic and organ-specific autoimmune diseases. The journal is not restricted to any disease type or clinical speciality, but reflects the areas where scientific progress is most rapid and clinical applications significant and widespread. The journal is valuable to clinicians and researchers in immunology and molecular biology.

Current impact factor: 2.71

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.714
2013 Impact Factor 2.754
2012 Impact Factor 2.767
2011 Impact Factor 2.471
2010 Impact Factor 2.138
2009 Impact Factor 2.813
2008 Impact Factor 2.525
2007 Impact Factor 2.887
2006 Impact Factor 2.033
2005 Impact Factor 1.49
2004 Impact Factor 1.392
2003 Impact Factor 1.052
2002 Impact Factor 0.921
2001 Impact Factor 1.169
2000 Impact Factor 1.204
1999 Impact Factor 1.232
1998 Impact Factor 1.082
1997 Impact Factor 1.133
1996 Impact Factor 1.608
1995 Impact Factor 1.257
1994 Impact Factor 1.308
1993 Impact Factor 1.417
1992 Impact Factor 1.053

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.16
Cited half-life 6.90
Immediacy index 0.80
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.59
Website Autoimmunity website
ISSN 1607-842X
OCLC 300118157
Material type Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Informa Healthcare

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Non-commercial
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The PTPN22 1858C/T polymorphism is associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, reports from the Asian populations are conflicting in nature and lacks consensus. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between the PTPN22 1858C/T polymorphism and RA in Asian and Caucasian subjects by carrying out a meta-analysis of Asian and Caucasian data. A total of 27 205 RA cases and 27 677 controls were considered in the present meta-analysis involving eight Asian and 35 Caucasian studies. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) were performed for the allele, dominant, and recessive genetic model. No statistically significant association was found between the PTPN22 1858C/T polymorphism and risk of RA in Asian population (allele genetic model: OR = 1.217, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.99-1.496, p value 0.061; dominant genetic model: OR = 1.238, 95% CI = 0.982-1.562, p value 0.071; recessive genetic model: OR = 1.964, 95% CI = 0.678-5.693, p value 0.213). A significant association with risk of RA in Caucasian population suggesting that T-- allele does confer susceptibility to RA in this subgroup was observed (allele genetic model: OR = 1.638, 95% CI = 1.574-1.705, p value < 0.0001; dominant genetic model: OR = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.598-1.745, p value < 0.0001; recessive genetic model: OR = 2.65, 95% CI = 2.273-3.089, p value < 0.0001). The PTPN22 1858C/T polymorphism is not associated with RA risk in Asian populations. However, our meta-analysis confirms that the PTPN22 1858C/T polymorphism is associated with RA susceptibility in Caucasians.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: Primary immunodeficiences are often accompanied by autoimmune phenomena. IL-12 receptor deficiency is a well characterized primary immunodeficiency that leads to propensity to intracellular infections mainly with mycobacteria and Salmonella. We report on two patients with IL-12 receptor β1 deficiency that presented with autoimmune manifestations and photosensitivity dermatitis and describe possible pathogenetic mechanisms leading to development of clinically significant autoimmune phenomena.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: Pemphigus is an autoimmune blistering disorder of skin and/or mucosal surfaces characterized by intraepithelial lesions and immunoglobulin-G autoantibodies against desmogleins (proteins critical in cell-to-cell adhesion). Genetic, immunological, hormonal, and environmental factors are known to contribute to its etiology. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) which plays a key role in pathogenesis of many infectious and inflammatory diseases has been found in high levels in lesional skin and sera of pemphigus patients. However, studies on association of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in promoter region of TNF-α at position -308 affecting G to A transition with pemphigus has been scarce. This study was conducted to evaluate the TNF-α -308G/A SNP distribution in North Indian cohort, and to define the association between the TNF-α -308G/A SNP distribution and pemphigus, globally, by means of meta-analysis. TNF-α -308G/A SNP in pemphigus patients was investigated by cytokine genotyping using genomic DNA by PCR with sequence-specific primers. Meta-analysis of the data, including four previously published studies from other populations, was performed to generate a meaningful relationship. The results of our case-control study indicate non-significant differences between patients and controls in TNF-α -308G/A SNP. The meta-analysis also revealed that TNF-α -308G/A SNP is not associated with pemphigus risk in population at large; however, it may be contributing towards autoimmune phenomenon in pemphigus by being a part of its multi-factorial etiology. This study provides evidence that the TNF-α -308G/A polymorphism is not associated with overall pemphigus susceptibility. Nevertheless, further studies on specific ethnicity and pemphigus variants are necessary to validate the findings.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: Tolerogenic dendritic cells (tDCs) play an important role in inducing peripheral tolerance; however, few tDC-specific markers have been identified. The aims of this study were to examine whether tDCs show a different gene expression profile from that of immunogenic DCs and identify specific gene markers of each cell type, in DBA/1 mice. tDCs were generated by treating immature DCs (imDCs) with TNF-α and type II collagen. The gene expression profiles of mature (m)DCs and tDCs were then investigated by microarray analysis and candidate markers were validated by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Supervised selection identified 75 gene signatures, 63 of which were consistently upregulated in mDCs and 12 of which were upregulated only in tDCs. Additionally, 10 genes were overexpressed or equally expressed in both tDCs and mDCs. Scin (tDC-specific genes) and Orm1, Pdlim4 and Enpp2 (mDC-specific genes) were validated by real-time qRT-PCR. Taken together, these results clearly show that tDCs and mDCs can be identified according to their expression of specific gene markers.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: The "rods and rings" (RR) antinuclear antibody (ANA) pattern is believed to be restricted to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and related to the treatment. This is a 4-year retrospective study of all patients with RR pattern from the 20 000 serum samples received at the Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge for ANA testing. Two control groups with HCV patients without RR pattern: ANA-positive (n = 74) and ANA negative (n = 75) were included. Eighty-seven patients had samples with the RR pattern. Seventy-three were infected with HCV (prevalence of 15% in the HCV population). The RR pattern could not be related to ribavirin treatment, clinical status, biochemistry data, hepatic fibrosis, IL28B genotype, HCV genotype or the presence of autoantibodies related with autoimmune hepatitis. As 14 cases presented other diseases, mainly of autoimmune origin, the presence of RR antibodies may also be explained by alterations in immune regulation caused by autoimmunity or HCV in a particular genetic background.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: Former studies have revealed the link between the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 1 (TRAF1) polymorphisms and autoimmunity. In the present study, we took an opportunity to investigate the association between TRAF1 and autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) in order to find a new susceptibility gene. A total of 1029 AITD patients [677 Graves' disease (GD) patients and 352 Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) patients] and 899 controls were enrolled. We used matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometer (MALDI-TOF-MS) to detect the polymorphisms of rs4836834, rs10760130, rs10818488, rs2239658, rs2900180. We also explored the association between polymorphisms and clinical subphenotypes. Genotype frequencies of the five loci in all AITD patients were significantly different from those of controls. Genotype frequencies of rs10760130, rs2239658 and rs2900180 in GD patients were significantly different from controls. Allele analysis found that T allele of rs4836834, G allele of rs10760130, A allele of rs10818488, T allele of rs2239658 and T allele of rs2900180 were significantly higher in GD and AITD patients. No significant differences were found between HT patients and controls. Haplotype analysis found three haplotypes including ACAGC, TTGAT and TCGAC. ACAGC frequencies were significantly lower in GD and HT patients. However, TTGAT frequency was only significantly higher in GD patients. No significant results were found between polymorphisms and clinical subphenotypes. Our study reveals TRAF1 as a susceptibility gene of AITD in Chinese Han population.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported the importance of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). CTGF contains four distinct modules connected in tandem, namely insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-like, von Willebrand factor (vWF) type C repeat, thrombospondin type 1 (TSP-1) repeat, and carboxyl-terminal (CT) modules. The relationships between each of these modules of CTGF and RA remain unknown. Here, we analyzed how inhibition of each CTGF module affects the pathophysiology of RA. We conducted stimulation and suppression experiments on synovial cells (MH7A) obtained from patients with RA. Moreover, we examined angiogenesis by means of a tube-formation assay performed using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and we used tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining to analyze osteoclastogenesis. Our results showed that M-CSF/RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis was enhanced when CTGF was added, but the effect of CTGF was neutralized by mAbs against CTGF modules 1-4. Furthermore, CTGF treatment of HUVECs induced formation of tubular networks, which resulted in acceleration of the angiogenesis of RA synoviocytes, and quantification showed that this tubular-network formation was also disrupted by anti-CTGF module 1-4 mAbs. Lastly, TNF-α enhanced the expression of CTGF and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP3) in MH7A cells, and this enhancement was potently neutralized by mAbs against CTGF modules 1, 3 and 4. Thus, our results indicate that not only a mAb against CTGF but also mAbs against each specific module of CTGF might serve as potential therapeutic agents in the treatment of RA.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared the effects of different dosages of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) against immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). A total of 167 patients, 91 adults and 76 children, with ITP, followed-up for three years in the case-control study, were divided into three subgroups according to the dosages of IVIg administered: group A (0.2 g/kg/day), group B (0.3 g/kg/day) and group C (0.4 g/kg/day). The therapeutic response in 91 adult patients did not differ significantly among the three groups of IVIg dosages (p = 0.459). The response rate of IVIg treatment in the three adult groups was 97.1% for group A, 97.2% for group B and 100% for group C. The mean time for raising platelets to 30 × 10(9)/L in group A was 2.5 days, group B 3.2 days and group C 2.9 days (p = 0.324). The median IVIg consumption in group A was 0.83 g/kg, group B 1.22 g/kg and group C 1.64 g/kg (p < 0.01). Similar results were shown in the children groups. The follow-up results showed no significant difference of clinical outcome between groups A, B and C. In conclusion, low-dose IVIg treatment is shown to be as effective as high-dose regimen without increasing the risk of developing the patients into chronic ITP conditions, suggesting that ITP patients could be treated more cost-effectively by lower conventional dosage of IVIg regimen.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: Many studies have reported the association between the CARD8 gene polymorphism rs2043211 and the susceptibility to Crohn's disease (CD), but the results have remained quite contradictory. Therefore, the aim of the meta-analysis was to explore whether the CARD8 rs2043211 polymorphism has an effect on CD risk. We performed a systematic literature search for related articles published up to July 2014 in multiple databases. Six eligible articles containing eight studies were selected. Odds ratios (ORs) as well as their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the association between the CARD8 polymorphism and CD risk in different genotypic models. Heterogeneity analysis was also performed and publication bias was taken into account. Subgroup analyses were conducted according to different ethnicities, as well as different types of CD. In the pooled analyses, no statistical significant association was found between the CARD8 polymorphism and CD risk in the overall population or Caucasian subgroup in the additive model (overall population: OR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.87-1.01; Caucasian: OR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.83-1.05). However, subgroup analysis based on different CD types showed a significant association between the CARD8 polymorphism and CD risk in the additive model (ileal CD: OR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.70-0.98; stenotic or fistulizing CD: OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.72-0.92). Our results indicated that CD may involve different types of pathogenesis and have variable clinical manifestations. In patients with ileal, stenotic or fistulizing CD, the mutant-type rs2043211 polymorphism may generate a potentially protective effect.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: Autoimmune diseases (AIDs) are chronic conditions initiated by the loss of immunological tolerance to self-antigens and represent a heterogeneous group of disorders that affect specific target organs or multiple organs in different systems. While the pathogenesis of AID remains unclear, its aetiology is multifunctional and includes a combination of genetic, epigenetic, immunological and environmental factors. In AIDs, several epigenetic mechanisms are defective including DNA demethylation, abnormal chromatin positioning associated with autoantibody production and abnormalities in the expression of RNA interference (RNAi). It is known that environmental factors may interfere with DNA methylation and histone modifications, however, little is known about epigenetic changes derived of regulation of RNAi. An approach to the known environmental factors and the mechanisms that alter the epigenetic regulation in AIDs (with emphasis in systemic lupus erythematosus, the prototype of systemic AID) are showed in this review.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease characterized by an autoimmune-mediated loss of insulin secreting β-cells. Each B lymphocyte clone that escapes immune tolerance produces a specific antibody. No specific treatment against autoantibodies is available for autoimmune diseases. We have developed a strategy to produce an antiserum against autoantibodies for the treatment of T1DM. Non-obese diabetic (NOD) but not Balb/c mouse serum contains autoantibodies. Antisera were produced by immunizing Balb/c mice with affinity-purified IgG from NOD or BALB/c mice along with the immune adjuvant (hereafter, NIgG or BIgG, respectively). A bolus administration of NIgG significantly reduced serum autoantibodies, autoantibody-positive B lymphocytes in the spleens of NOD mice, mortality and morbidity of diabetes, blood glucose and islet immune infiltration, whereas it increased islet mass in NOD mice for at least 26 weeks. NIgG antiserum treatment has no significant effect on CD3(+), CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells and B220(+) or CD19(+) B cells. BIgG also imparted a moderate therapeutic effect, although it was considerably lower than that of NIgG. NIgG did not cross-react with allogeneic serum. NIgG showed no effect on Balb/c mice. The results show the feasibility of producing antiserum against autoantibodies to prevent and treat autoimmune-induced T1DM with a single bolus administration.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Autoimmunity
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant T lymphocytes signaling is considered to play a crucial role in the abnormal immune state of primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Lipid raft has been verified to engage in the T cell receptor (TCR)-mediated T lymphocytes signal transduction. Whether lipid raft-associated T cells signal transduction has impact on the pathogenesis of ITP is still unconfirmed. In this study, we aimed to reveal the abnormality in structure and function of lipid rafts (LRs) in CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocytes of patients with ITP. Our results showed that there was an increased lipid raft aggregation in ITP patients, while this kind of increase would not be influenced by platelet counts or therapeutic regimes. Stimulation by anti-CD3/CD28 monoclonal antibodies promoted enhanced lipid raft clustering in T lymphocytes of ITP patients compared with negative controls. Methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD) could block the abnormal lipid raft aggregation and disrupt the TCR-mediated T cells proliferation and cytokines secretion, including both proinflammatory cytokines and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The spontaneous activation of T lymphocytes from ITP patients might be due to the elevated co-localization of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) CD45 and lipid rafts in patients' CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocytes. These findings suggest that the autoactivation of T lymphocytes from ITP patients may lead to the abnormality in lipid raft structure and raft-anchored proteins, and the changes conversely promote the TCR-mediated T cells activation of ITP patients.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Autoimmunity