Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports (Scand J Med Sci Sports)

Publisher: Wiley

Journal description

Representing the Scandinavian sports medicine and science associations the journal publishes original articles on the traumatologic (orthopaedic) physiologic biomechanic medical (including rehabilitation) sociologic psychologic pedagogic historic and philosophic aspects of sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports is thus multidisciplinary and encompasses all elements of research in sport. Leading authorities are invited to contribute reviews on selected topics. The journal is divided into three sections: I Physiology and Biomechanics; II Medicine Traumatology and Rehabilitation; III Social and Behavioural Aspects of Sports.

Current impact factor: 2.90

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.896
2013 Impact Factor 3.174
2012 Impact Factor 3.214
2011 Impact Factor 2.867
2010 Impact Factor 2.794
2009 Impact Factor 2.335
2008 Impact Factor 2.264
2007 Impact Factor 2.295
2006 Impact Factor 1.989
2005 Impact Factor 2.151
2004 Impact Factor 1.717
2003 Impact Factor 0.931
2002 Impact Factor 1.117
2001 Impact Factor 0.899
2000 Impact Factor 0.667
1999 Impact Factor 0.726
1998 Impact Factor 0.83
1997 Impact Factor 0.704
1996 Impact Factor 0.624
1995 Impact Factor 0.39

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.84
Cited half-life 5.60
Immediacy index 0.76
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.06
Website Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports website
Other titles Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports (Online), Scandinavian journal of medicine and science in sports
ISSN 1600-0838
OCLC 47858815
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Network
    • Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF
    • Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication
    • Non-Commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Must link to publisher version with set statement (see policy)
    • If OnlineOpen is available, BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC and STFC authors, may self-archive after 12 months
    • If OnlineOpen is available, AHRC and ESRC authors, may self-archive after 24 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 07/08/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Wiley'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to (a) describe the clinical presentation of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and hip labral pathology; (b) describe the accuracy of patient history and physical tests for FAI and labral pathology as confirmed by hip arthroscopy. Patients (18-65 years) were included if they were referred to a physical therapist to gather pre-operative data and were then diagnosed during arthroscopy. Results of pre-operative patient history and physical tests were collected and compared to arthroscopy. Data of 77 active patients (mean age: 37 years) were included. Groin as main location of pain, the Anterior Impingement test (AIT), Flexion-Abduction-External Rotation (FABER) test, and Fitzgerald test had a high sensitivity (range 0.72-0.91). Sensitivity increased when combining these tests (0.97) as either groin as main location of pain and a positive FABER test or a positive AIT and a positive FABER test were the shortest most sensitive combinations. The results of this study point out that in clinical practice absence of groin as main location of pain combined with a negative FABER test or the combination of a negative AIT and a negative FABER test are suggested to rule out the diagnosis of symptomatic FAI and/or labral pathology.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a common cause of hip pain and dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to report outcome 2 years after the arthroscopic treatment of FAI using validated outcome measurements. Two hundred and eighty-nine patients (males = 190, females = 99) with a mean age of 37 years underwent arthroscopic surgery for FAI. Patients were included consecutively in a hip arthroscopy registry. The cohort was evaluated using online web-based validated health-related patient-reported outcomes measurements, including the iHOT-12, HAGOS, EQ-5D, HSAS for physical activity level, VAS for overall hip function and overall satisfaction. The mean follow-up time was 25.4 months. Pre-operative scores compared with those obtained at follow-up revealed statistically and clinically significant improvements (P < 0.05) for all measured outcomes; iHOT-12 (43 vs 66), VAS for global hip function (50 vs 71), HSAS (2.9 vs 3.6), EQ-5D index (0.58 vs 0.75), EQ-VAS (67 vs 75) and HAGOS different subscales (56 vs 76, 51 vs 69, 60 vs 78, 40 vs 65, 29 vs 57, 33 vs 58). At the 2-year follow-up, 236 patients (82%) reported they were satisfied with the outcome of surgery. We conclude that arthroscopic treatment for FAI resulted in statistically and clinically significant improvements in outcome parameters.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Highly trained athletes show an increased risk of atrial arrhythmias. Little is known about atrial volumes and function during exercise in this population. Our aim was to analyze atrial size and contractile function during exercise. Fifty endurance athletes with 11 ± 8 h of training per week and 30 sedentary control subjects were included. Echocardiography was performed at baseline and during exercise. Left (LA) and right atrial (RA) size and function were assessed by two-dimensional echocardiography. Peak negative strain (Sa) during atrial contraction and active atrial emptying volume (AEV) were measured. Athletes and control subjects showed a significant increment of deformation and AEV of both atria with exercise (P < 0.01 vs baseline for LA and RA). Among athletes, a subgroup with significant LA (n = 8)/RA (n = 15) dilatation (≥40 mL/m2) showed a significantly lower increment in AEV with exercise (LA∆AEV: 1.4 ± 1.1 mL/m2 vs 2.1 ± 0.9 mL/m2, P = 0.04; RA∆AEV: 0.9 ± 0.8 mL/m2 vs 2.3 ± 1.1 mL/m2, P < 0.01) and lower increment in deformation vs other athletes (LA∆Sa: −3.2 ± 2.9% vs −9.5 ± 4.4%, P < 0.01; RA∆Sa: −2.5 ± 3.3% vs. −9.8 ± 3.3%, P < 0.01). During exercise, active atrial strain increases, but less in athletes compared to controls, but due to larger atrial volumes, they reached similar increases in atrial emptying volume. However, this overall lesser deformation increases from a subgroup with significant atrial dilatation showing impairment in atrial contractile reserve.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
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    ABSTRACT: Deficits in muscles of the lumbo-pelvic region, such as a relatively small multifidus muscle, have been used to predict lower limb injuries in professional football players. Results have been less consistent for the size of the quadratus lumborum (QL) muscle. Changes in size of the multifidus and QL muscles could be functionally related to each other, and modeling this relationship could improve prediction of lower limb injuries. Ultrasound imaging examinations were performed on male elite football players at the start of the Australian Football League (AFL) pre-season and playing season. Injury data were obtained from records collected by each club. Results indicated that the cross-sectional area of the multifidus muscle was related to the occurrence of an injury in the pre-season (odds ratio [OR] = 2.08/cm2 decrease below the mean; OR for dichotomized measure = 12.2) and in the season (OR = 2.43/cm2). The size of the QL muscle was significantly related to an injury in the pre-season (OR = 2.12/cm2 increase above the mean; OR for dichotomized measure = 7.26) but not in the season. A significant link was found between the ratio of the multifidus and QL muscles, and the incidence of pre-season (OR = 14.71) and season injuries (OR = 5.29). The sensitivity and specificity of the model in the pre-season were 75% and 85.7%, respectively; values for the playing season were 88.4% and 62.5%. A model was developed for prediction of lower limb injuries in football players. Combining size measurements of the multifidus and QL muscles improved predictive power. This information may have clinical implications for injury screening and prevention.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac arrhythmias are commonly reported in freedivers during maximal voluntary breath-holds, but their influence on the cardiological status and their long-term effects on the cardiac health of these athletes have not been investigated. Here we present the results of a study on 32 healthy young men (mean age 32.6 ± 1.3 years) who were divided into two groups of 16 subjects. One group included 16 continuously training freedivers at the "high achievers in sports" level (DIVERS group). The CONTROL group included 16 healthy young men not involved in sports. The subjects were monitored using 24-h electrocardiogram (ECG), and echocardiological study (EchoCG) for all the subjects was performed. The mean heart rate in the DIVERS group was 69.5 ± 1.7 bpm compared with 70.9 ± 1.5 bpm in the CONTROL group. The minimal heart rate was 42.3 ± 1.0 bpm in the DIVERS group and 48.8 ± 1.7 bpm in the CONTROL group (P < 0.005). The maximal heart rate was 132.8 ± 4.6 bpm in the DIVERS group and 132.1 ± 2.9 bpm in the CONTROL group. ECG analysis revealed supraventricular arrhythmias in the DIVERS group: four of the DIVERS (25%) exhibited supraventricular couplets and triplets, three (19%) exhibited transient first- and second-degree AV blocks (Mobitz type 1) at night, and one (6%) exhibited a second-degree sinoatrial block at night. According to the echocardiogram, the DIVERS had slightly larger left ventricles (5.1 ± 1.33, P < 0.05) and left atriums (41.1 ± 12.7) compared with the CONTROL group without exceeding the normal values. The right ventricle volume (3.6 ± 0.69, P < 0.05) was somewhat above the upper normal value (up to 3.5 cm). In conclusion, freediving athletes exhibited changes in their cardiac status, most likely due to the regular exercise, that were not associated with regular maximal voluntary breath-holds. These changes are within the normal physiological values and do not limit their freediving practice.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of an overhead target on the jump height and lower limb biomechanics in all three planes of motion in a vertical drop jump (VDJ) task among elite female handball and football (soccer) players. The hypothesis was that adding an overhead target to the VDJ task improves jump height, increases joint loading, and decreases frontal plane knee control. Five hundred and twenty-three female handball and football players (mean ± SD: 21 ± 4 years, 168 ± 6 cm, 65 ± 8 kg) completed the test. The overhead target increased jumping height by 5.8%. Furthermore, the overhead target led to statistically significant changes in many of the lower limb biomechanical variables examined. However, all the changes in kinematics and kinetics were clinically insignificant, as indicated by the small effect sizes. Strong to moderate positive Spearman's rank correlations were found between the two conditions. Therefore, an overhead target is unlikely to increase the range of responses in biomechanical variables in elite female handball and football athletes.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine whether the effects of hamstring stretching on the passive stiffness of each of the long head of the biceps femoris (BFl), semitendinosus (ST), and semimembranosus (SM) vary between passive knee extension and hip flexion stretching maneuvers. In 12 male subjects, before and after five sets of 90 s static stretching, passive lengthening measurements where knee or hip joint was passively rotated to the maximal range of motion (ROM) were performed. During the passive lengthening, shear modulus of each muscle was measured by ultrasound shear wave elastography. Both stretching maneuvers significantly increased maximal ROM and decreased passive torque at a given joint angle. Passive knee extension stretching maneuver significantly reduced shear modulus at a given knee joint angle in all of BFl, ST, and SM. In contrast, the stretching effect by passive hip flexion maneuver was significant only in ST and SM. The present findings indicate that the effects of hamstring stretching on individual passive muscles' stiffness vary between passive knee extension and hip flexion stretching maneuvers. In terms of reducing the muscle stiffness of BFl, stretching of the hamstring should be performed by passive knee extension rather than hip flexion.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
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    ABSTRACT: The VISA-A questionnaire has proven to be a valid and reliable tool for assessing severity of Achilles tendinopathy (AT). The aim was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the VISA-A questionnaire for a Danish-speaking AT population, and subsequently perform validity and reliability tests. Translation and following cross-cultural adaptation was performed as translation, synthesis, reverse translation, expert review, and pretesting. The final Danish version (VISA-A-DK) was tested for reliability on healthy controls (n = 75) and patients (n = 36). Tests for internal consistency, validity, and structure were performed on 71 patients. VISA-A-DK showed good reliability for patients (r = 0.80 ICC = 0.79) and healthy individuals (r = 0.98 ICC = 0.97). Internal consistency was 0.73 (Cronbach's alpha). The mean VISA-A-DK score in AT patients was 51 [47-55]. This was significantly lower than healthy controls with a score of 93 (90-95). Criterion validity was considered good when comparing the scores of the Danish version with the original version in both healthy individuals and patients. VISA-A-DK is a valid and reliable instrument and has shown compatible to the original version in assessment of AT patients. VISA-A-DK is a useful tool in the assessment of AT, both in research and in a clinical setting.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports