Fetal and pediatric pathology (Fetal Pediatr Pathol)

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

Journal description

Fetal and Pediatric Pathology is an established bimonthly international journal that publishes data on diseases of the developing embryo, newborns, children, and adolescents. The journal publishes original and review articles and reportable case reports. The expanded scope of the journal encompasses molecular basis of genetic disorders; molecular basis of diseases that lead to implantation failures; molecular basis of abnormal placentation; placentology and molecular basis of habitual abortion; intrauterine development and molecular basis of embryonic death; pathogenisis and etiologic factors involved in sudden infant death syndrome; the underlying molecular basis, and pathogenesis of diseases that lead to morbidity and mortality in newborns; prenatal, perinatal, and pediatric diseases and molecular basis of diseases of childhood including solid tumors and tumors of the hematopoietic system; and experimental and molecular pathology.

Current impact factor: 0.48

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 0.481
2013 Impact Factor 0.398
2012 Impact Factor 0.58
2011 Impact Factor 0.613
2010 Impact Factor 0.404
2009 Impact Factor 0.434
2008 Impact Factor 0.404
2007 Impact Factor 0.356
2006 Impact Factor 0.217

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.49
Cited half-life 4.10
Immediacy index 0.15
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.15
Website Fetal and Pediatric Pathology website
Other titles Fetal and pediatric pathology (Online), Fetal and pediatric pathology
ISSN 1551-3823
OCLC 55959727
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Informa Healthcare

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Non-commercial
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
  • Classification
    yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The most common conditions causing cholestatic jaundice in infants are biliary atresia, neonatal hepatitis, Alagille syndrome. In these disorders, the clinical presentation includes jaundice, pale stools, dark urine and hepatomegaly. Splenomegaly is not an early feature since it is due to portal hypertension, a later event. The finding of cholestatic jaundice and a large spleen usually raises the suspicion of Niemann-Pick type C disease (NP-C), a lysosomal storage disorder. We present and discuss here a case of an infant with liver disease and splenomegaly that were not ascribed to NP-C, but to Gaucher disease type 2. Liver biopsy, enzymatic studies and whole exome sequencing allowed to make the diagnosis. Although rare, Gaucher disease can cause neonatal hepatitis. A prompt recognition is advocated.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Twin reversed-arterial-perfusion sequence (TRAPS) is a rare and severe complication of monochorionic twin pregnancies. It usually occurs in the setting of monochorionic placentation, when the heart of a normal appearing twin serves as the pump for one or more dysmorphic twins whose head, thoracic organs, and upper extremities do not fully develop or do not develop at all and thus lack cardiac activity. Anomalous vascular placental architecture causes a shift in arterial flow towards the acardiac twin(s). The exact physiopathologic mechanisms that lead to this devastating phenomenon are not well known. We reviewed the maternal history and the surgical pathology reports of the fetuses and placentas of 13 different cases of TRAPS that were collected in a 23-year study period at a single institution. Herein we summarize the characteristic findings and illustrate specific mechanical feto-placental circulation issues that appear to be instrumental in the development of TRAPS.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Gliofibroma is a relatively rare variant of a mixed glial-fibrous tumor more frequent in children than in adults. It has been reported to appear all along the neuraxis, with predilection for the midline. Its evolution is usually benign, although few examples have shown either multiple sites of involvement or leptomeningeal dissemination. Some authors regard it as part of the desmoplastic astrocytoma spectrum. We report here four examples of this rare condition which exemplify its histological patterns and biological behavior, and provide a review of the literature. Even though this tumor is commonly regarded as heterogeneous and with variable course, our literature review points to a set of clinical and pathological traits that are constant, such as age, location and gross and histological characteristics, as well as a predictable evolution. Currently, this tumor is not included in the WHO Classification of CNS tumors.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Perinatal asphyxia is a clinical condition which results from oxygen deprivation of the fetus or newborn and the breakdown of perfusion in various organs. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare troponin T levels over time as a marker of cardiac injury in cases of perinatal asphyxia and healthy newborns. The study included a total of 30 newborns diagnosed with perinatal asphyxia with a gestational age of 32-41 weeks, based on the last menstruation date, and 30 healthy newborns with a gestational age of 34-40 weeks, as the control group. Levels of troponin T and creatinin kinase MB were recorded for all participants. No difference was determined between the groups in terms of gestational age, manner of birth, electrocardiographic findings, and PaO2 and PaCO2 values. The umbilical artery pH levels and bicarbonate levels in the study group were found to be statistically lower than those in the control group (p < 0.001). The troponin T and creatinin kinase MB levels in the patients in the study group were higher than those within the control group, at all times. The periods when specificity and sensitivity were highest together for troponin T were the 12th and 24th h. Specificity for troponin T reached the highest value at the 24th h and sensitivity reached the highest value in the cord blood. A positive correlation was found between the troponin T and creatinin kinase MB values at the 6th and 12th h. However, no correlation could be found in the blood between the serum troponin T and creatinin kinase MB levels at the 3rd and 24th h. The troponin T level is a useful test for showing cardiac damage in hypoxic patients in the neonatal period. The sensitivity and specificity of cardiac specific troponin T levels in detecting cardiac damage are much higher according to telecardiography and electrocardiography, while the implementation of the method is simple.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To examine the association between maternal coffee consumption during pregnancy and the occurrence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in offspring. Methods PubMed, Springer Link and Elsevier databases were searched up to August, 2014. Case-control and cohort studies published on the association between maternal coffee consumption during pregnancy and the occurrence of NTDs in offspring were included. Meta-analysis was applied to calculate the pooled effect estimates and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a random-effects model. Results A total of six case-control studies and one cohort study were included. The pooled effect estimate of maternal coffee consumption during pregnancy was 0.86 for total NTDs (95% CI: 0.51- 1.45) and 1.30 (95% CI: 0.67- 2.52) for NTDs subtype of spina bifida. Conclusions Our findings suggested that maternal coffee consumption during pregnancy was not significantly associated with the occurrence of total NTD or the spina bifida subtype of NTD.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Prenatal heart adaptations to congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) could help define postnatal outcome. Methods We retrospectively analyzed post-mortem tissues from fetuses with severe CDH (n = 7). Histology and immunohistochemical distribution of desmin, muscle actin [HHF35], endothelin-1 [ET-1] and TGF-β were evaluated. Results In the atrium, desmin, HHF35, ET-1, TGF-β were found expressed only in preterm CDH. Dishomogeneous ventricular distribution of cardiac growth factors were detected in term CDH. The cardiomyocyte nucleus/cytoplasmatic ratio in CDH was higher compared with controls (p = 0.01). Small intramyocardial artery density and vascular wall thickness was increased in CDH compared with controls (p = 0.03 and p < 0.01). In comparison with the ventricles, the interventricular septum showed a greater vessel density (p = 0.01) and a greater vascular wall thickness, particularly compared with the CDH right ventricle (p = 0.02). Conclusion Left ventricle immaturity seems to be a cardiac adaptive response of severe CDH in utero.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the etiology and pregnancy outcomes in mothers with polyhydramnios through prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy outcome analysis of pregnant women with polyhydramnios. One hundred and thirty women were enrolled. Fifty pregnant women with polyhydramnios were categorized as the case group, and 80 pregnant women with normal amniotic fluid were categorized as the control group. The causes of polyhydramnios and the pregnancy outcomes were analyzed. Two cases had chromosomal abnormalities, seven had severe α-thalassemia, 15 had fetal anomalies, four had maternal-fetal diseases and 22 had unexplained idiopathic polyhydramnios. Significantly, higher occurrences of cesarean section, preterm birth, fetal anomaly, fetal distress, fetal macrosomia and female fetuses occurred in patients with polyhydramnios than in patients without polyhydramnios. Polyhydramnios is associated with a higher occurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes. Intensive monitoring of the maternal-fetal condition and prenatal diagnosis is important in patients with polyhydramnios.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Pentalogy of Cantrell (PC) is a congenital malformation syndrome characterized by midline thoracoabdominal wall defect resulting from defective development in the septum transversum. Major hallmarks of this rare anomaly are omphalocele and ectopic heart. In most cases, the diagnosis is made by two-dimensional ultrasound in second trimester. The prognosis of PC relies on the presence and severity of cardiac anomalies but in most cases outcome is fatal. To the best of our knowledge, the presence of kidneys into the omphalocele in Cantrells' pentalogy has not been reported yet. In this article, we report a case of PC associated with unilateral kidney evisceration.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic histiocytic intervillositis of the placenta (CHI) shows monocytic/histiocytic infiltration of the intervillous space. Placental malaria has a CHI-like histopathology and induces an aberrant expression of Toll-like receptors (TLR) 3, 7-9. We hypothesized that, similar to placental malaria, CHI could be associated with increased TLR expression. TLR1-10 and other inflammation-associated factors were analyzed by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. A total of 31 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded placenta samples were evaluated: CHI (n = 9), and for control purposes, villitis of unknown etiology (VUE, n = 8) and placentas without inflammation (n = 14). CHI shows increased expression of monocytic TLR1, a receptor which is involved in bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation. This could indicate a TLR1-mediated immune mechanism in the placenta (e.g. triggered by transient, clinically inapparent maternal bacteraemia) which leads to massive monocytic/histiocytic accumulation in the intervillous space. The increased expression of TLR1 with no increased expression of TLR3 and TLR7-9 is different from that in malaria.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate the pathological features of the primary lesion in patients with relapse of unilateral favorable histology nephroblastoma. Material and methods: Fifty-eight patients with unilateral favorable histology nephroblastoma who underwent initial nephrectomy before chemotherapy were categorized into one of two groups: the nonrelapsed group (n = 52) and the relapsed group (n = 6). The histological subtypes of both groups and pathological features of the relapsed group were re-evaluated retrospectively. Results: The histological subtypes of all relapsed cases were classified as blastemal predominant. In three of six cases with relapse, sheets of spindle-shaped blastemal cells that were histologically reminiscent of synovial sarcoma were predominant (massive sarcomatoid pattern). Conclusions: The histological blastemal predominant subtype of nephroblastoma is a strong indicator of relapse. In particular, the blastemal predominant subtype with massive sarcomatoid pattern may have a higher risk of relapse.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Noonan syndrome is a multisystem genetic disorder caused by genes encoding proteins involved in the RAS-MAPK pathway. Affected fetuses have variable presentations ranging from the absence of prenatal findings to increased nuchal fold, cystic hygromas, pleural effusions, cardiac malformations, or skin edema. We describe a male fetus who had features consistent with Noonan syndrome at the time of fetal anatomic survey, including hydrops and a possible cardiac defect. Subsequent scan revealed persistent bilateral pleural effusions (with predominance of lymphocytes). After bilateral thoracoamniotic shunt placement, the fetus did well and delivered at term. Prenatal testing revealed an S650F missense mutation in the RAF1 gene, which had not previously been associated with Noonan syndrome.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: The study aim is to evaluate the placental histopathological characteristics and maternal risk factors in preterm and term births according to their weeks of gestation. We designed a prospective study involving a patient population (n = 355) composed of pregnant women who delivered preterm (n = 216) and term neonates (n = 139). The preterm births were divided into three groups as extremely (n = 22), moderate (n = 96) and late preterm (n = 98) births. The statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 15 software. There was significant difference regarding maternal vascular underperfusion and inflamation in the extremely preterm group compared with the other groups (P = 0.001), but fetal vascular obstruction and villitis of unknown etiology were not found significantly different. According to our study results, the careful examination of the placenta of premature babies, particularly those of extremely preterm births, should be part of routine obstetrical management to determine the causes of preterm birth.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate pancreaticobiliary ductal anatomy during developmental stages, gallbladders, common bile ducts, pancreatic ducts and their interface with theduodenum were studied in 36 human fetuses between 4-6 weeks postconceptual age were studied. For histological examination, sections were cut continuously from the paraffin-embedded tissue block and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen in the gallbladder was examined with immunohistochemistry. Among 36 cases, three shapes of the greater duodenal papilla were found: hemispheroid (58.1%), circular cylinder (25%), and flat shape (16.9%). For the location of the greater duodenal papillas, more than half (69.4%) of the cases were in the middle descendant duodenum. Seven cases (19.4%) were in the lower descendant duodenum. Three cases (8.3%) were in the upper descendant duodenum, and one (2.9%) was in the distal descending part of duodenum. There were four types of the pancreaticobiliary ductal union: "Y" in 24 cases(66.7%), "U" in 4 cases (11.1%),"V" in 7 cases (19.4%), and pancreaticobiliary maljunction in 1 case (2.8%). For patients with congenital bile duct dilation and Biliary cancer, the positive cells of proliferating cell nuclear antigen were increased significantly (P < 0.05). Different types in pancreaticobiliary ductal union investigated in this study may provide clues for pathogenesis and clinical treatment of pancreaticobiliary maljunction.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: We herein present a case of a 14-year-old boy with the histological features of coexisting membranous nephropathy (MN) and IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Asymptomatic hematuria/proteinuria was initially detected in school urinary screening, with treatments including oral corticosteroids leading to complete remission. Cases of coexisting MN and IgAN are very rare among the pediatric population; however, the overlap of these two nephropathies does not always imply a deleterious clinical outcome in pediatric cases.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Methods: Trials on the relationship between maternal IgG anti-A/B titers and the risk of ABO-HDN were collected by searching Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) electronic databases. The inclusion criteria were maternal IgG anti-A/B titers screening and the evaluation of clinical outcomes in relation to ABO-HDN. Stata 12.0 was used to analyze the data. Results: A total of 23 trials were eligible for inclusion, of which four trials with 5,246 participants were suitable for this meta-analysis. Meta-analysis results suggested that maternal IgG anti-A/B titers were significantly associated with the risk of ABO-HDN [OR = 2.86, 95% CI = 2.50-3.28; OR = 4.67, 95% CI = 3.92-5.55; OR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.36-1.91 in titers (128 to 256) vs. titers (64 or lower), titers (512 or higher) vs. titers (64 or lower), and titers (512 or higher) vs. titers (128-256), respectively]. Conclusions: Our meta-analysis suggests that maternal IgG anti-A/B titers are significantly associated with the risk of ABO-HDN. They contribute to the prediction of risk of ABO-HDN, in addition to the need for invasive treatment for antibody titers ≥512.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Pseudomonoamniotic gestations are increasingly recognized through sonographic surveillance of monochorionic twins, though etiologic factors remain undefined. We present a case of spontaneous pseudomonoamniotic twins and propose umbilical cord insertion proximity as a sonographic marker. Systematic review of the literature was performed and additional cases with similar findings were noted. Approximately 75% of reported cases (28/37) were deemed spontaneous and several included short inter-cord distances. Shunting of blood away from the membranes in the region between the cord insertions may be responsible for membrane rupture. Further investigation is needed into short inter-cord distance as a marker for monochorionic twins at risk to become a pseudomonoamniotic gestation.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Fetal and pediatric pathology