Polymer Composites (Polymer Compos)

Publisher: Society of Plastics Engineers, Wiley

Journal description

Published six times per year, Polymer Composites is the foremost engineering & scientific journal covering the fields of reinforced plastics and polymer composites. In publication since 1980, Polymer Composites offers detailed applied developments of specific interest long before they become commercial realities.

Current impact factor: 1.63

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.632
2013 Impact Factor 1.455
2012 Impact Factor 1.482
2011 Impact Factor 1.231
2010 Impact Factor 0.998
2009 Impact Factor 1.194
2008 Impact Factor 1.054
2007 Impact Factor 1.058
2006 Impact Factor 1.163
2005 Impact Factor 0.628
2004 Impact Factor 0.649
2003 Impact Factor 0.68
2002 Impact Factor 0.746
2001 Impact Factor 0.661
2000 Impact Factor 0.633
1999 Impact Factor 0.677
1998 Impact Factor 0.716
1997 Impact Factor 0.744
1996 Impact Factor 0.788
1995 Impact Factor 0.949
1994 Impact Factor 0.719
1993 Impact Factor 0.982
1992 Impact Factor 1.019

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.61
Cited half-life 6.20
Immediacy index 0.37
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.33
Website Polymer Composites website
Other titles Polymer composites (Online), Polymer composites
ISSN 1548-0569
OCLC 43437991
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Network
    • Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF
    • Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication
    • Non-Commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Must link to publisher version with set statement (see policy)
    • If OnlineOpen is available, BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC and STFC authors, may self-archive after 12 months
    • If OnlineOpen is available, AHRC and ESRC authors, may self-archive after 24 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 07/08/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Wiley'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article deals with free vibration analysis of thick nanocomposite laminated curved panels with finite length resting on two-parameter elastic foundations, based on the three-dimensional elasticity theory. The main objective of this research paper is to present a 3D elasticity solution for free vibration analysis of thick laminated curved panels with continuously graded carbon nanotube-reinforced (CGCNTR) sheets. The structure is supported by an elastic foundation with Winkler's (normal) and Pasternak's (shear) coefficients. The volume fractions of oriented, straight single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are assumed to be a three-parameter power-law distribution which is graded in the radial direction of the panels. An equivalent continuum model based on the Eshelby-Mori-Tanaka approach is employed to estimate the effective constitutive law of the elastic isotropic medium (matrix) with oriented, straight carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Because of using two-dimensional generalized differential quadrature method, the present approach makes possible vibration analysis of cylindrical panels with two opposite axial edges simply supported and arbitrary boundary conditions including Free, Simply supported and Clamped at the curved edges. The convergence of the method is demonstrated and comparisons are made between the present results and results reported by well-known references and have confirmed accuracy and efficiency of the present approach. This study serves as a benchmark for assessing the validity of numerical methods or two-dimensional theories used to analysis of laminated curved panels. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, nanocube-TiO2 and covalently bonded nanocube-TiO2/poly(3-octylthiophene), (P3OT) core/shell structured hybrid nano materials were dispersed in silicone oil (SO) and antisedimentation stabilities of these suspended particles were determined to be 31% and 65%, respectively. Polarizabilities (Δεnanocube-TiO2 = 0.1925 and Δεnanocube-TiO2/P3OT = 0.0920) and relaxation times (λnanocube-TiO2 = 3.4 × 10−4 s and λnanocube-TiO2/P3OT = 2.7 × 10−4 s) of dispersions were determined by dielectric measurements. Optical microscopy studies showed that these suspensions were highly polarizable under externally applied electric field strengths and classified as electrorheological (ER) active materials. The effects of volume fraction of dispersed phase, shear rate, shear stress, external electrical field strength, frequency, and temperature onto ER activities of these suspensions were studied. Yield stresses of nanocube-TiO2 and nanocube-TiO2/P3OT were determined to be 128 and 310 Pa, respectively. Viscoelastic studies revealed that the elastic characters of the particles were dominant to their viscous ones and elasticity moduli were determined to be 31.5 and 142 kPa, for nanocube-TiO2 and nanocube-TiO2/P3OT, respectively. Finally, the creep-recovery behaviors of these suspensions were identified and %recoveries of nanocube-TiO2/SO and nanocube-TiO2/P3OT/SO systems were determined to be 39 and 73%, respectively under τ = 5 Pa external shear stress. Because of the high polarizabilitiy, ER activity, vibration damping, and creep-recovery properties, the nanocube-TiO2/P3OT/SO suspension system was classified as smart material and suitable for potential vibration damping applications. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
  • Fakhruddin Patwary · Nadejda Matsko · Vikas Mittal
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    ABSTRACT: Melt processed bio-nanocomposites of poly(butylene succinate) (PBS)-chitosan (CS) generated with varying amounts of silica, alumina-silicate, and thermally reduced graphene were analyzed for their biodegradation behavior. The nanocomposite samples were embedded in soil under natural environment for varying periods of time and the weight loss analysis was complemented with changes in surface morphology, crystallinity, and thermal degradation. Both the type and amount of filler were observed to affect the extent of biodegradation, though no change in biodegradation mechanism occurred. Nanocomposites had in general lower extent of weight loss than the pure blend, but the extensive surface roughness and cracks were observed for all systems indicating the initiation of biodegradation. Silica and silicate nanocomposites exhibited higher extent of biodegradation in comparison with graphene nanocomposites possibly because of the obstructive pathways to microbes in the presence of high aspect ratio graphene platelets. The crystallinity in the pure blend and nanocomposites was observed to increase as a function of embedding time because of degradation of the random amorphous material in the initial degradation phase. Subsequently, the increase levelled off because of attack of microbes on more organized crystalline content, which was also supported by the reduction in overall weight loss. Increase in melting point of PBS with embedding time as well as depletion of CS flakes from the cross-section of the composites in AFM confirmed that CS was degraded earlier than PBS. Thermal analysis also indicated faster onset of degradation of CS with soil burial time. The degradation studied through TGA-MS also revealed that degradation was accompanied by evolution of H2O, CO2, and NH3, along with other components. The temperature of evolution of these components from the nanocomposites was also affected during different stages of biodegradation. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
  • Mohammad Reza Nakhaei · Amir Mostafapour · Ghasem Naderi
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, effects of friction stir processing parameters such as tool rotational speed, traverse speed, shoulder temperature, and number of passes on tensile modulus and impact strength of polypropylene/ethylene-propylene diene monomer/clay nanocomposite has been investigated. The Box–Behnken design with four factors at three levels was used for design of experiments. The response surface methodology was employed to develop models capable of predicting the effect of input variable on responses. A multi-layer artificial neural network with back propagation algorithm and 4 – 8 – 10 – 2 topology was also selected for modeling. A set of data on friction stir parameters and experimental results of the mechanical properties were used to train and test the artificial neural network. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) rebar can serve as a noncorrosive alternative to conventional steel rebar for use in concrete reinforcement. By combining pultrusion and braiding into a single manufacturing process called braidtrusion, FRP rebar consisting of both unidirectional and off-axis fibers can be produced. In this study, a variation on the braidtrusion process was introduced, utilizing an impregnation ring and dieless curing system to produce high quality FRP rebar in a continuous manner. The resulting rebar was characterized to assess the quality and consistency of the manufacturing process. Degree of cure, braid angle, cross-sectional area, and fiber volume fractions were measured, and a general examination of the rebar microstructure was conducted. In addition, analytical equations based on previous works were presented to predict braid angle and cross-sectional area of the resulting rebar based on manufacturing parameters. The predictions made using these equations were found to be in good agreement with the experimental results, and can be used to facilitate future design and manufacturing of FRP rebar. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: The surface topographies of carbon fibers treated by sizing agents with different graphene oxide (GO) content were investigated by scanning electron microscopy. The surface elements compositions of carbon fibers were determined by X-ray photoelectron spectrometer. The interfacial properties of composites were studied by interfacial shear strength. The thermo-mechanical properties of two typical specimens (CF-G0 and CF-G1 composites) were investigated by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis. The results showed the introduction of GO sheets on carbon fibers surfaces effectively improved the mechanical properties of carbon fibers/epoxy composites. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: Hydrophilic RF-(MES)n-RF/and RF-(AMPS)n-RF/polyaniline (PAn) nanocomposites were prepared by the polymerization of aniline monomer in the presence of the corresponding oligomers. These fluorinated PAn nanocomposites were able to cause the gelation toward a variety of hydrophilic ionic liquids, although the parent RF-(MES)n-RF and RF-(AMPS)n-RF oligomers were not effective for the gelation of such ionic liquids. Oleophilic RF-(DOBAA)n-RF oligomer has no gelling ability toward the ionic liquids; however, this oligomer was able to disperse well the original PAn powders into methanol to afford the corresponding oligomer/PAn composites. Interestingly, the isolated composite powders after the removal of the solvent were found to cause the gelation toward some oleophilic ionic liquids. In these composites, RF-(MES)n-RF/PAn nanocomposite/ionic liquid gel (ionogel) was found to provide a higher ionic conductivity than that of the parent ionic liquid under the similar conditions. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: Novel composites have been prepared via the incorporation of zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO) into poly(acrylic acid-co-itaconic acid) (poly(AA-co-IA)) hydrogel. The prepared composites were characterized by means of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), swelling studies, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The amount of nZnO incorporated into hydrogel was determined by using atomic absorbance spectrometry. In addition, the antibacterial performance of composites was evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli (E. coli). SEM characterization of the composite hydrogels revealed a homogeneous distribution of the nZnO throughout the hydrogel with formation of some agglomerates. A progressive rise in thermal stability of poly(AA-co-IA) is found with increasing nZnO concentration. nZnO/poly(AA-co-IA) composites showed antibacterial activity against both bacteria. The approach used in this work is an efficient method to develop new hydrogel-based wound dressing composites for use in biomedical applications. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of covering ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibers with different types and spacings of filaments on the longitudinal compression properties of unidirectional UHMWPE fiber-reinforced epoxy resin samples were investigated. UHMWPE fiber bundles covered with fiber filaments were prepared using a custom winding machine, and composites were subsequently fabricated by vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding. Covering filament spacing was controlled by the warp speed. Compression testing of the resulting samples was performed and the fracture surfaces were examined by an optical microscope. The results showed that the compression strength and modulus of the unidirectional composites reinforced with filament-covered bundles depended strongly on the compressive failure mechanism, which was decided by the type and spacing of the covering filament. Four kinds of filaments have positive effect for compressive properties of composites, for the basalt filament, the effect for improving compressive strength is best, the improving percentage is 18.4%. For the UHMWP and PBO filament-covered UFRPs displayed considerable increases of compressive modulus, with improvements of about 36% and 45%. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: Natural rubber (NR)/clay and styrene–butadiene rubber (SBR)/clay nanocomposites were prepared by mixing with aqueous sodium montmorillonite (Na+-MMT) clay dispersion by different concentrations of Na+-MMT ranging from 2 to 10 phr. These nanocomposites were irradiated with gamma radiation at doses from 10 to 100 kGy. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results indicated well dispersion of rubber latex into clay stacked layers and the platelets have a preferential orientation forming exfoliated NR/Na+-MMT nanocomposites while SBR/Na+-MMT form intercalated nanocomposites. Irradiation overall irradiation dose range together with clay loading improve the mechanical properties of rubber/Na+-MMT nanocomposites. However, SBR nanocomposite attains its higher value at 50 kGy, then decrease. Also, the thermal stability at 50 kGy is higher than 100 kGy. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites
  • S. Gupta · M.F. Riyad
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    ABSTRACT: This article reports the synthesis and tribological behavior of Ti3SiC2-UHMWPE (Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene) composites for the first time. The compositions were designed by adding 5, 20, and 35 vol% Ti3SiC2 particulates in the UHMWPE matrix. The microstructure evaluation by SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) showed that the Ti3SiC2 particles are well dispersed in the green body, but after hot pressing, the Ti3SiC2 particulates segregated to the phase boundaries in Ti3SiC2-UHMWPE composites with 20 vol% or higher concentration of particulates. The addition of Ti3SiC2 particulates enhanced the UYS (ultimate yield strength) and hardness of the composites. Tribological studies were performed by tab-on-disc method by testing samples either against alumina or self. Against alumina, mean friction coefficient (µmean) remained constant ∼0.20 for all the compositions, whereas, during self-mating, the µmean decreased from ∼0.54 in UHMWPE to ∼0.15 in 35 vol% Ti3SiC2-UHMWPE. Comparatively, the specific wear rate (WR) increased steadily during testing against alumina, whereas during self testing, the WR decreased by three order of magnitude. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Polymer Composites

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: In the present work, Co3(HPO4)2(OH)2 nanosheets were synthesized by hydrothermal method, and its structure was characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Then it was used as a synergistic agent with intumescent flame retardant (IFR) in ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer. Thermogravimetric analysis data indicated that the addition of Co3(HPO4)2(OH)2 nanosheets into the EVA/IFR composites could increase the char yields. Cone calorimeter results revealed that Co3(HPO4)2(OH)2 in combination with IFR obviously changed the thermal decomposition behavior of EVA and formed a protective char layer on the surface of the composites, consequently leading to effective reduction in the flammability parameters, such as the heat release rate, total heat release. With the addition of 1 wt% Co3(HPO4)2(OH)2 and 34 wt% IFR, the LOI value increased to 26.5%, and the system could reach V-0 rating. Laser Raman spectra of the residual char showed that the more graphitic char was formed with increasing the loading of Co3(HPO4)2(OH)2. Scanning electron microscopy results demonstrated that the incorporation of Co3(HPO4)2(OH)2 promoted the EVA/IFR system to form a dense and continuous char layer. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: Wood polymer composites (WPCs) were prepared in this study by grafting polystyrene onto poplar wood cell walls through free-radical copolymerization methods. Methacryloyl chloride was first employed to cause swelling and react with the hydroxyl groups on the wood cell walls. Styrene monomers were then copolymerized with the methacryl groups in situ. The resultant WPCs were observed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The physical and mechanical properties of the composites, including dimensional stability, water uptake, dynamic hydrophilicity, surface hardness, and thermal stability, were also evaluated. Results suggest that methacryl groups and styrene were successfully copolymerized, and that the resultant copolymer was grafted onto the wood matrix through the reaction of methacryl groups and hydroxyl groups on wood components. Graft copolymerization not only significantly improved the interfacial compatibility between the polymer and wood substance, but also provided the wood with higher dimensional stability, better hydrophobic properties, and enhanced surface hardness. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, potential of cow dung (CD) as a reinforcing material was evaluated. CD was blended in different ratios up to 50 wt% with polypropylene (PP) using Brabender twin-screw compounder. The results show a steady decline in the biocomposite tensile and impact strength with increasing CD loading. In contrast, the storage modulus (E′), flexural modulus, and water absorption capacity of the biocomposites increased with increasing CD loading. Furthermore, it was revealed by SEM that the failure of the PP/CD biocomposites at higher filler loading was because of the week interfacial bonding. Results established that the properties of PP/CD biocomposites are a function of CD loading. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, load transfer efficiency (LTE) is quantitatively expressed as a specific formula and characterized through electrical resistance method. Single carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polyamide 6 (PA6) microcomposites with eight different thermal histories were prepared. Polarizing optical microscope (POM) was used to observe crystal morphologies. Tensile properties of neat PA6 with different thermal histories were tested. All the above results show that electrical resistance method is an effective way to characterize CF/PA6 microcomposite interface LTE. Water quenched CF/PA6 microcomposites have a highest LTE of 94.2%, while LTE decreased to 34.3% at the bottom for 200°C annealing treated specimens. POM results show that decreasing nonisothermal cooling rate results in larger spherulites and transcrystallites but lower nucleus density, while annealing treated samples nearly have no change and still keep quite transparent. It is also very interesting to find that there is an antisymmetric relationship between LTE and matrix modulus of nonisothermal/isothermal crystallization samples, and LTE drops more for the annealing treated specimens under the similar modulus, which ascribes to radial residual stress releasing during annealing treatment. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: Citric acid (CA) with one hydroxyl and three carboxyl groups exists widely in citrus fruits and pineapples, where it is the main organic acid. In this article, nanosized CA-modified ZnAl-layered double hydroxide (CA-LDH) was synthesized by coprecipitation method in aqueous media. Several nanocomposite (NC) films of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) were prepared by casting through the dispersion of the CA-LDH into the PVA aqueous solution under ultrasonic irradiation. The structures of individual layers of CA-LDH and PVA/CA-LDH NC films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy techniques. Uniform dispersion of LDH nanoplatelets in PVA matrix was observed. The thermal stability of the NC was study by thermogravimetric analysis technique, and the results show that the thermal properties were improved as compared with the original PVA. The mechanical properties of the PVA/CA-LDH NCs are obviously enhanced compared to that of neat PVA. Uniform distribution of clay due to intimate interaction between clay and polymer appears to be the cause for improved properties. The UV–Visible transmission spectra of the composite films exhibited that, the samples retained high optical clarity and they could be potentially used in the packaging industry. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Polymer Composites
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to incorporate nanoscale Fe3O4 particles into a poly-L-lactide (PLLA) matrix to fabricate a magnetic and biodegradable composite. The physical and osteogenic functions of this material were tested. Injection molding was used to fabricate four nano-Fe3O4/PLLA composites with Fe3O4 mix ratios of 0%, 20%, 30%, and 40% (w/w). X-ray diffraction and hysteresis loop tests were performed to evaluate the physical properties of the nano-Fe3O4/PLLA composites. Tensile strength tests showed that the progressive addition of nano-Fe3O4 particles to the PLLA matrix results in higher elastic modulus and lower tensile strength. Images from scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that osteoblasts cultured on the 20% nano-Fe3O4/PLLA surface exhibited abundant filaments, which are a morphologic characteristic of osteoblastic differentiation. These results suggest that the 20% nano-Fe3O4/PLLA composite used in this study has the potential for future tissue engineering applications. POLYM. COMPOS., 2016.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Polymer Composites