Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports (Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep)

Publisher: Current Medicine Group

Journal description

The Current Reports journals were developed out of the recognition that specialists have increasing difficulty keeping up to date with the expanding volume of information published in their fields. Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports provides in a systematic manner: 1. the views of experts on current advances in neurology and neuroscience in a clear and readable form; 2. selections of the most important papers from the great wealth of original publications, annotated by experts.

Current impact factor: 3.06

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 3.059
2013 Impact Factor 3.669
2012 Impact Factor 3.783
2011 Impact Factor 3.455
2010 Impact Factor 2.697
2009 Impact Factor 2.25
2008 Impact Factor 2.455

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 3.10
Cited half-life 4.20
Immediacy index 0.33
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.05
Website Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports website
Other titles Current neurology and neuroscience reports (Online), Current neurology and neuroscience reports
ISSN 1534-6293
OCLC 46681109
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Current Medicine Group

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • Reviewed 09 June 2014
    • 'Current Medicine Group' is an imprint of 'Springer Verlag (Germany)'
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome occurring secondary to infection and labeled severe when end organ dysfunction or tissue hypoperfusion transpires. Sepsis-associated mortality remains high among critically ill patients, with chronic disease and immunosuppression being the most common risk factors. Studies demonstrate that early recognition and treatment are vital to decreasing mortality. Some of the least understood effects of sepsis are the associated neurologic complications. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) has gained most consideration and thought, largely due to dependence on mechanical ventilation. Central nervous system (CNS) complications related to sepsis have only more recently gained attention but continue to go unnoticed. Aside from the clinical examination, electroencephalography (EEG) is a sensitive tool for prognostication or uncovering non-convulsive seizures in encephalopathic patients. Further studies are needed to further define the urgency of a prevention and treatment plan for the deleterious effects of sepsis on the PNS and CNS.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remain a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality despite the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) especially in the resource-limited regions of the world. Diagnosis of these infections may be challenging because findings on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis and brain imaging are nonspecific. While brain biopsy provides a definitive diagnosis, it is an invasive procedure associated with a relatively low mortality rate, thus less invasive modalities have been studied in recent years. Diagnosis, therefore, can be established based on a combination of a compatible clinical syndrome, radiologic and CSF findings, and understanding of the role of HIV in these infections. The most common CNS opportunistic infections are AIDS-defining conditions; thus, treatment of these infections in combination with HAART has greatly improved survival.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: The role of infection in cerebrovascular disease is complex and remains incompletely understood. Over the last 5 years, investigators have made notable inroads in untangling this thorny topic. In this review, we examine these recent developments, concentrating on four aspects of the relationship between infection and stroke. We first discuss specific infectious agents as direct causes of stroke, focusing on recent work implicating herpesviruses and HIV in cerebral vasculopathy. We then discuss systemic infection of any type as a stroke trigger, focusing on the relationship of infection to timing of acute stroke, both in children and adults, as well as the role of vaccination in stroke prevention. We examine the evidence for chronic infection or "infectious burden" as a stroke risk factor. Finally, we discuss recent work on infection as a risk factor for increased morbidity after stroke, possible mechanisms mediating this effect, and the evidence for prophylactic antibiotics.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Classic demyelinative optic neuritis is associated with multiple sclerosis and typically carries a good prognosis for visual recovery. This disorder is well characterized with respect to its presentation and clinical features by baseline data obtained through the optic neuritis treatment trial and numerous other studies. Atypical optic neuritis entails clinical manifestations that deviate from this classic pattern of features. Clinical signs and symptoms that deviate from the typical presentation should prompt consideration of less common etiologies. Atypical features to consider include lack of pain, simultaneous or near-simultaneous onset, lack of response to or relapse upon tapering from corticosteroids, or optic nerve head or peripapillary hemorrhages. The most important alternative etiologies to consider and the steps towards their respective diagnostic evaluations are suggested for these atypical features.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare and progressive autosomal recessive disease leading to disabling neurological manifestation and premature death. The disease is prone to underdiagnosis because of its highly heterogeneous presentation. NP-C is characterized by visceral, neurological, and psychiatric manifestation, and its clinical picture varies according to age at onset. Although cataplexy is one of its characteristic symptoms, particularly in the late infantile and juvenile form, sleep disturbances are described only exceptionally. A combination of splenomegaly, vertical supranuclear gaze palsy, and cataplexy creates a most useful suspicion index tool for the disease. In adolescent and adult patients, when intellectual deterioration progresses and emotional reactions become flat, cataplexy usually disappears. Pathological findings in the brainstem in NP-C mouse model are compatible with the patients' symptoms including cataplexy. The authors observed cataplexy in 5 (3 with late infantile and 2 with juvenile form) out of 22 NP-C cases followed up in the past 20 years.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Aphasia is a common consequence of left hemisphere stroke and causes a disabling loss of language and communication ability. Current treatments for aphasia are inadequate, leaving a majority of aphasia sufferers with ongoing communication difficulties for the rest of their lives. In the past decade, two forms of noninvasive brain stimulation, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation, have emerged as promising new treatments for aphasia. The most common brain stimulation protocols attempt to inhibit the intact right hemisphere based on the hypothesis that maladaptive activity in the right hemisphere limits language recovery in the left. There is now sufficient evidence to demonstrate that this approach, at least for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, improves specific language abilities in aphasia. However, the biological mechanisms that produce these behavioral improvements remain poorly understood. Taken in the context of the larger neurobiological literature on aphasia recovery, the role of the right hemisphere in aphasia recovery remains unclear. Additional research is needed to understand biological mechanisms of recovery, in order to optimize brain stimulation treatments for aphasia. This article summarizes the current evidence on noninvasive brain stimulation methods for aphasia and the neuroscientific considerations surrounding treatments using right hemisphere inhibition. Suggestions are provided for further investigation and for clinicians whose patients ask about brain stimulation treatments for aphasia.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Although the vast majority of patients with status epilepticus (SE) respond fairly well to the first- or second-line anti-epileptics, a minority require anesthetic agents to put the seizures under control. An even smaller number of patients do not even respond to those and constitute the subgroup of super-refractory SE. Because of the small numbers, there are no definitive studies regarding its etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment, and those are still based on expert opinions. Encephalitides, either infectious, autoimmune, or paraneoplastic may be the main etiological factors. Induced pharmacological coma, immunosuppression, electrical brain stimulation, hypothermia, and ketamine are few of the newer but unproven therapeutic approaches that should be considered.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity has attained pandemic proportions, and bariatric surgery is increasingly being employed resulting in turn to more neurological complications which must be recognized and managed. Neurological complications may result from mechanical or inflammatory mechanisms but primarily result from micro-nutritional deficiencies. Vitamin B12, thiamine, and copper constitute the most frequent deficiencies. Neurological complications may occur at reasonably predictable times after bariatric surgery and are associated with the type of surgery used. During the early post-operative period, compressive or stretch peripheral nerve injury, rhabdomyolysis, Wernicke's encephalopathy, and inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy may occur. Late complications ensue after months to years and include combined system degeneration (vitamin B12 deficiency) and hypocupric myelopathy. Bariatric surgery patients require careful nutritional follow-up with routine monitoring of micronutrients at 6 weeks and 3, 6, and 12 months post-operatively and then annually after surgery and multivitamin supplementation for life. Sustained vigilance for common and rare neurological complications is essential.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in military life. Interest in military TBI has increased recently due to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Certain types of TBI are relatively unique to the military, the most prominent being blast-related TBI. Blast-related mild TBI has been of particular concern in veterans from the most recent conflicts although controversy remains concerning its separation from post-traumatic stress disorder. TBI is also a risk factor for the later development of neurodegenerative diseases in which cognitive impairment is prominent putting veterans at risk for disorders including Alzheimer's disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Recent evidence associating TBI with chronic cognitive impairment is reviewed in the context of its relevance to military veterans.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Super-refractory status epilepticus (SRSE) is a devastating neurological condition with limited treatment options. We conducted an extensive literature search to identify and summarize the therapeutic options for SRSE. The search mainly resulted in case reports of various pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments. The success rate of each of the following agents, ketamine, inhaled anesthetics, intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIG), IV steroids, ketogenic diet, hypothermia, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and vagal nerve stimulation (VNS), are discussed in greater detail. The choice of appropriate treatment options for a given patient is based on clinical presentation. This review focuses on evidence-based, pharmacotherapeutic strategies for patients in SRSE.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnostic hallmarks of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) are severe volume loss of the hippocampus, severe neuronal loss, and reactive gliosis involving primarily two especially vulnerable fields, CA1 and the subiculum. Occasionally, HS may be the only neuropathological change detected in older individuals with dementia and is known as pure HS. In the majority of cases, HS occurs in the setting of other degenerative changes, usually Alzheimer's disease (AD). In these cases, it is classified as combined HS. Although a clinical profile for HS has been identified, its similarities with AD make the diagnosis during life quite challenging; thus, the diagnosis is often made postmortem. The pathogenesis of HS is not completely understood, but the strong association with transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43), in approximately 90 %, and the recent discovery of genetic risk factors are important contributions to a better understanding of the disease process.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Neurological disorders secondary to single gene mutations are an extremely heterogeneous group of diseases, individually rare, and often associated with progressive and severe disability. Given the degree of both clinical and genetic heterogeneity, next-generation sequencing (NGS) has become an important diagnostic tool. Multi-gene panel testing based on NGS is now prominently used, while whole-exome sequencing and whole-genome sequencing are emerging to facilitate the molecular diagnosis for many genetic neurological diseases. Although single-gene testing remains an important first tier test for disorders with clear phenotype-genotype correlation, NGS provides an expanding unbiased approach to identify rare mutations in genes known to be associated with genetically heterogeneous diseases, and those not initially considered by the clinician due to rarity or atypical clinical presentation. Given the decreasing costs and relatively rapid time to results, NGS-based assessment is quickly becoming a standard-of-care test for patients with genetic neurological diseases.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: This review article focuses on the cognitive profile associated with the C9orf72 gene with GGGGCC (G4C2) hexanucleotide repeat expansions that is commonly found in both familial and sporadic forms of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in order to aid clinicians in the screening process. In this growing clinical continuum between FTD and ALS, understanding and recognizing a neurocognitive profile is important for diagnosis. Key features of this profile include executive dysfunction with memory impairment and language deficits as the disease progresses. Behaviorally, patients are prone to disinhibition, apathy, and psychosis. With the discovery of this mutation, studies have begun to characterize the different phenotypes associated with this mutation in terms of epidemiology, clinical presentation, imaging, and pathology. Greater awareness and increased surveillance for this mutation will benefit patients and their families in terms of access to genetic counseling, research studies, and improved understanding of the disease process.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Autoimmune disorders are increasingly recognized causes of several neurological disorders leading to significant clinical disability. This article reviews recent developments in our understanding on the pathophysiology, clinical presentations, and diagnoses of selected immune-mediated neurological disorders. It also provides a brief summary of current theories on autoimmunity and the role that certain environmental factors play in the development of immune-mediated neurological disorders. Recently recognized biomarkers might play a pathogenetic role or simply serve as a diagnostic tool.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports