Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology
Journal Impact: 2.39*
*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.
Journal impact history
|2016 Journal impact ||Available summer 2017 |
|2015 Journal impact ||2.39 |
|2014 Journal impact ||2.52 |
|2013 Journal impact ||2.49 |
|2012 Journal impact ||2.51 |
|2011 Journal impact ||2.57 |
|2010 Journal impact ||2.31 |
|2009 Journal impact ||2.00 |
|2008 Journal impact ||1.15 |
Journal impact over time
|Cited half-life ||>10.0 |
|Immediacy index ||0.51 |
|Eigenfactor ||0.01 |
|Article influence ||0.66 |
|Other titles ||Comparative biochemistry and physiology., Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology, Comparative biochemistry and physiology., Molecular and integrative physiology, Molecular & integrative physiology, Comp. biochem. physiol., CBP., Comparative biochemistry and physiology |
|ISSN ||1531-4332 |
|OCLC ||41929819 |
|Material type ||Document, Periodical, Internet resource |
|Document type ||Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper |
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Publications in this journal
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Little is known about how the synthesis of mitochondrial phospholipids is integrated into mitochondrial biogenesis in fish or mammals. Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT; EC 188.8.131.52) catalyzes the addition of fatty acyl CoA to the sn-1 position of glycerol-3-phosphate, in what is considered the rate-limiting step in phospholipid biosynthesis. Previous studies have shown that mitochondrial volume density increases in oxidative skeletal muscle but not liver of Gasterosteus aculeatus (threespine stickleback) in response to cold acclimation. We hypothesized that maximal activity of GPAT would increase in oxidative skeletal muscle but not liver during cold acclimation, coinciding with mitochondrial biogenesis. GPAT activity was measured in liver and oxidative skeletal (pectoral adductor) muscle of threespine stickleback acclimated to 8°C or 20°C. In addition, mRNA levels of enzymes involved in phospholipid synthesis, including cytidine diphosphodiacylglycerol synthase-1 (CDS1), CDS2, GPAT1, GPAT2 and 1-acylglycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase-2 (AGPAT2), were quantified in liver and pectoral muscle of stickleback harvested during cold acclimation. GPAT activity and transcript levels of AGPAT2 increased in response to cold acclimation in pectoral muscle but not liver. Transcript levels of GPAT1 increased in liver but not pectoral muscle. Overall our results suggest that the activity of GPAT, and possibly AGPAT as well, increase during cold acclimation and may contribute to mitochondrial phospholipid biosynthesis required for mitochondrial biogenesis.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Organisms that live on the Earth are subjected to environmental variables that display cyclic variations, such as light, temperature and tides. Since these cyclic changes in the environment are constant and predictable, they have affected biological evolution through selecting the occurrence of biological rhythms in the physiology of all living organisms, from prokaryotes to mammals. Biological clocks confer organisms an adaptive advantage as they can synchronize their behavioral and physiological processes to occur at a given moment of time when effectiveness and success would be greater and/or the cost and risk for organisms would be lower. Among environmental synchronizers, light has been mostly widely studied to date. However, other environmental signals play an important role in biological rhythms, especially in aquatic animals like fish. This review focuses on current knowledge about the role of nonphotic synchronizers (temperature, food and tidal cycles) on biological rhythms in fish, and on the entrainment of the fish circadian system to these synchronizers.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leptin directly regulates kisspeptin neurons in the hypothalamus and gonadotropin secretion from the pituitary, making it a central player in the onset of mammalian puberty. Recently, we identified two leptin genes (lepa and lepb) and a single leptin receptor (lepr) in the marine perciform fish chub mackerel; however, the expression of these genes did not correlate with the expression of important reproductive genes or ovarian stage during female puberty. Here, we expand upon these initial observations by evaluating the expression of lepa, lepb, and lepr during pubertal transition and under differential feeding conditions in the male chub mackerel. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed that lepa was primarily expressed in the liver of pubertal and gonadal recrudescence adults, as well as in the brain of adult fish; lepb was primarily expressed in the brain of all fish tested; and lepr was widely expressed in a variety of tissues. qRT-PCR analyses revealed significant increases in the hepatic expression of lepa in accordance with testicular stage, whereas pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (fshβ) expression increased in unison with hepatic lepa. In contrast, expression of both brain lepa and lepb dramatically decreased during pubertal transition, with brain kisspeptin 1 (kiss1) expression strongly correlating with leptin expression patterns. In pre-pubertal males, lepa, lepb, and lper gene expression in the brain, pituitary gland, and liver decreased in fish given a high feed diet, relative to the controlled feeding group. Taken together, these results indicate high sexual specificity of leptin expression, suggesting a possible role for leptin signaling in endocrine and neuroendocrine functions during spermatogenesis in the pubertal male chub mackerel.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although iono-regulatory processes are critical for survival of crustaceans during the molt cycle, the mechanisms involved are still not clear. The Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC), a SLC12A family protein that transports Na(+), K(+) and 2Cl(-) into cells, is essential for cell ionic and osmotic regulation. To better understand the role of NKCC in the molt osmoregulation, we cloned and characterized a NKCC gene from the mud crab, Scylla paramamosain (designated as SpNKCC). The predicted SpNKCC protein is well conserved, and phylogenetic analysis revealed that this protein was clustered with crustacean NKCC. Expression of SpNKCC was detected in all the tissues examined but was highest in the posterior gills. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that posterior gills had a thick type of epithelium for ion regulation while the anterior gills possessed a thin phenotype related to gas exchange. During the molting cycle, hemolymph osmolality and ion concentrations (Na(+) and Cl(-)) increased significantly over the postmolt period, remained stable in the intermolt and premolt stages and then decreased at ecdysis. Meanwhile, the expression of SpNKCC mRNA was significantly elevated (26.7 to 338.8-fold) at the ion re-establishing stages (postmolt) as compared with baseline molt level. This pattern was consistent with the coordinated regulation of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase α-subunit (NKA α), carbonic anhydrase cytoplasmic (CAc) isoform and Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) genes in the posterior gills. These data suggest that SpNKCC may be important in mediating branchial ion uptake during the molt cycle, especially at the postmolt stages.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are a superfamily of molecular chaperones with important roles in protein homeostasis and other cellular functions. Amphibians, reptiles, fish and birds have a shsp gene called hsp30, which was also referred to as hspb11 or hsp25 in some fish and bird species. Hsp30 genes, which are not found in mammals, are transcribed in response to heat shock or other stresses by means of the heat shock factor that is activated in response to an accumulation of unfolded protein. Amino acid sequence analysis revealed that representative HSP30s from different classes of non-mammalian vertebrates were distinct from other sHSPs including HSPB1/HSP27. Studies with amphibian and fish recombinant HSP30 determined that they were molecular chaperones since they inhibited heat- or chemically-induced aggregation of unfolded protein. During non-mammalian vertebrate development, hsp30 genes were differentially expressed in selected tissues. Also, heat shock-induced stage-specific expression of hsp30 genes in frog embryos was regulated at the level of chromatin structure. In adults and/or tissue culture cells, hsp30 gene expression was induced by heat shock, arsenite, cadmium or proteasomal inhibitors, all of which enhanced the production of unfolded/damaged protein. Finally, immunocytochemical analysis of frog and chicken tissue culture cells revealed that proteotoxic stress-induced HSP30 accumulation co-localized with aggresome-like inclusion bodies. The congregation of damaged protein in aggresomes minimizes the toxic effect of aggregated protein dispersed throughout the cell. The current availability of probes to detect the presence of hsp30 mRNA or encoded protein has resulted in the increased use of hsp30 gene expression as a marker of proteotoxic stress in non-mammalian vertebrates.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis is reported to be anoxia-tolerant and if the tolerance mechanism is similar to that of the anoxia-tolerant painted turtle, GABA should play an important role. A potentially confounding factor investigating the role of GABA in anoxia tolerance are reports that GABA has both inhibitory and excitatory effects within L. stagnalis central ganglion. We therefore set out to determine if seasonality or photoperiod has an impact on: 1) the anoxia-tolerance of the intact pond snail, and 2) the response of isolated neuroganglia cluster F neurons to exogenous GABA application. L. stagnalis maintained on a natural summer light cycle were unable to survive any period of anoxic exposure, while those maintained on a natural winter light cycle survived a maximum of 4 h. Using intracellular sharp electrode recordings from pedal ganglia cluster F neurons we show that there is a photoperiod dependent shift in the response to GABA. Snails exposed to a 16 h:8 h light:dark cycle in an environmental chamber (induced summer phenotype) exhibited hyperpolarizing inhibitory responses and those exposed to a 8 h:16 h light:dark cycle (induced winter phenotype) exhibited depolarizing excitatory responses to GABA application. Using gramicidin-perforated patch recordings we also found a photoperiod dependent shift in the reversal potential for GABA. We conclude that the opposing responses of L. stagnalis central neurons to GABA results from a shift in intracellular chloride concentration that is photoperiod dependent and is likely mediated through the relative efficacy of cation chloride co-transporters. Although the physiological ramifications of the photoperiod dependent shift are unknown this work potentially has important implications for the impact of artificial light pollution on animal health.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Common dentex (Dentex dentex) is an appreciated carnivorous fish with high growth rate and life cycle adaptable to existing farming techniques. Since the use of carbohydrates is an economic and sustainable alternative for a protein-sparing effect, the study of how this macronutrient affects the welfare of carnivorous species must be studied. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of different types and levels of carbohydrates on common dentex oxidative status. Nine isonitrogenous (43%) and isoenergetic (22MJkg(- 1)) diets were formulated combining three types (pregelatinized starch-PS, dextrin-Dx and maltodextrin-Mx) and three levels (12, 18 and 24%) of carbohydrates. The activities of catalase-CAT, superoxide dismutase-SOD, glutathione peroxidase-GPX, glutathione reductase-GR and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase-G6PDH, SOD isoenzymatic profile, lipid peroxidation-LPO and protein oxidation-PO were determined in liver and white muscle. SOD and CAT were not affected. GPX in liver and white muscle and GR in liver increased at higher inclusion carbohydrates levels. The lowest levels of GR and G6PDH in both tissues and LPO in liver were observed in maltodextrin groups. No significant effects by carbohydrate source were observed in liver PO and white muscle LPO. Regarding carbohydrate level effect, 18% and 24% dietary inclusion level decreased LPO in white muscle and PO in liver. LPO in liver was also decreased at 24% inclusion level. Altogether, results indicate the use of carbohydrates as an alternative energy source does not produce negative effects on oxidative status of common dentex, on the contrary, even contribute to their oxidative protection.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are induced upon elevated temperature in fishes. HSPs also function as molecular chaperones for cellular proteins, including steroid hormone receptors. Estrogen receptors (ERs) are critical for the hormone signaling necessary during the liver production of the yolk precursor protein vitellogenin in oviparous vertebrates. Considering the possible regulatory role of HSPs on the ER signaling pathway, the present study characterized the mRNA expression of all known isoforms of HSP70 (hsp70a, hsp70b), HSP90 (hsp90a1a, hsp90a1b, hsp90a2a, hsp90a2b, hsp90b1, hsp90b2), and ERs (erα1, erα2, erβ1, erβ2) in Rainbow Trout hepatocytes following an acute heat shock (one hour at 25°C) compared to a control treatment (12°C). The results showed that the mRNA levels of hsp70a, hsp70b, hsp90a1b, hsp90a2a, and hsp90b2 were significantly increased after heat shock, while erα1 mRNA levels were significantly reduced by this treatment. hsp90a1a, hsp90a2b, hsp90b1, erα2, erβ1 and erβ2 were unaffected by this acute hyperthermic treatment. Comparatively, the responses of the two hsp70 isoforms were much greater than the hsp90 isoforms. Acute heat shock treatment of hepatocytes followed by a 24 h exposure to 17β-estradiol (E2) exposure also resulted in decreased expression of erα1 mRNA, but not vtg mRNA. This study showed that some hsp70 and hsp90 isoforms display a robust response to an acute hyperthermic treatment in Rainbow Trout hepatocytes. Among the transcripts measured here, the erα1 isoform uniquely showed significantly decreased mRNA levels upon acute heat treatment.
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