Nephrology nursing journal: journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association (Nephrol Nurs J)
Publisher: American Nephrology Nurses' Association
The Nephrology Nursing Journal is a refereed clinical and scientific resource that provides current information on wide variety of subjects to facilitate the practice of professional nephrology nursing. Its purpose is to disseminate information on the latest advances in research, practice, and education to nephrology nurses to positively influence the quality of care they provide. The Nephrology Nursing Journal is designed to meet the educational and information needs of nephrology nurses in a variety of roles at all levels of practice. It also serves as a source for nonnephrology nurses. Its content expands the knowledge base for nephrology nurses, stimulates professional growth, guides research-based practice, presents new technological developments, and provides a forum for review of critical issues promoting the advancement of nephrology nursing practice.
RG Journal Impact: 0.28 *
*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.
World Kidney Day and International Women's Day 2018 are commemorated on the same day (March 8), an opportunity to highlight the importance of women's health, and particularly, their kidney health. On its 13th anniversary, World Kidney Day promotes affordable and equitable access to health education, health care, and prevention for all women and girls in the world. In this article, we focus on what we do and do not know about women, kidney health, and kidney disease, and what we might learn in the future to improve outcomes worldwide.
Pain is a major problem for individuals undergoing hemodialysis and can lead to decreased quality of life when ineffectively managed. Pain is often reported as burdensome; thus, nurses must learn effective, nonpharmacological adjuncts to help care for symptomatic patients. The purpose of this review was to identify non-pharmacologic complementary therapies and evaluate their effectiveness in minimizing pain among individuals undergoing hemodialysis. Multiple complementary interventions were identified, and several reduced pain, but evidence is qualified by limitations in study methods. Complementary therapies have the potential to reduce pain among individuals undergoing hemodialysis; however, more research is needed.
Individuals with kidney failure on outpatient hemodialysis therapy may experience many biopsycho social complications and existential concerns. Consequently, there is a need to implement a process of advance care planning to effectively meet the extensive needs of these individuals. However, this article suggests there are various barriers in some outpatient hemodialysis facilities that may hinder the introduction of advance care planning. This article provides a critical discussion of some of these elements, including increased time pressure, nurse-patient communication, and the nurse-patient relationship. The article also makes recommendations that would facilitate the implementation of a process of advance care planning in outpatient hemodialysis facilities.
Successful hemodialysis treatments for patients with renal failure depend on patient adherence to prescribed treatment regimens. Lack of adherence may contribute to patient discomfort between hemodialysis treatments. This article reports a descriptive, correlational feasibility study that utilized Kolcaba's Comfort Theory as a framework. The purpose of the study was to determine a potential relationship between comfort and fluid retention (a proxy for adherence) in adults with end stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis. A convenience sample of 51 patients receiving hemodialysis was studied. Comparisons of patient weight gain between hemodialysis treatment sessions measured fluid retention by proxy. Results indicated no significant relationship between the variables of comfort and adherence to fluid restrictions. However, this finding has potential to support clinical practice to minimize weight gain to sustain comfort. Awareness of comfort as a consideration for adherence to prescribed treatment regimens may help nurses coach individuals to improve treatment adherence.
A patient-centered quality improvement program implemented in one Virginia hemodialysis facility sought to determine if peer-to-peer (P2P) programs can assist patients on in-center hemodialysis with self-management and improve outcomes. Using a single-arm, repeatedmeasurement, quasi-experimental design, 46 patients participated in a four-month P2P intervention. Outcomes include knowledge, self-management behaviors, and psychosocial health indicators: self-efficacy, perceived social support, hemodialysis social support, and healthrelated quality of life (HRQoL). Physiological health indicators included missed and shortened treatments, arteriovenous fistula placement, interdialytic weight gain, serum phosphorus, and hospitalizations. Mentees demonstrated increased knowledge, self-efficacy, perceived social support, hemodialysis social support, and HRQoL. Missed treatments decreased. Mentors experienced increases in knowledge, self-management, and social support. A P2P mentoring program for in-center hemodialysis can benefit both mentees and mentors.
The purposes of this study were to identify the level of fatigue and to examine the predictors of fatigue in female patients on hemodialysis. The subjects for this study were 130 female patients at one hemodialysis unit in northern Taiwan. On univariate analyses, patients with higher levels of fatigue were more likely to be older, and have less education, lower serum albumin levels, sleep disturbances, and perceived higher level of hemodialysis stressors. The findings of this study can help nephrology nurses recognize fatigue as an important nursing issue for female patients on hemodialysis. It is necessary to provide support, information, and alternative solutions for improving their fatigue.
Uncertainty is often presented in the literature as a barrier to chronic kidney disease (CKD) management and end stage renal disease (ESRD) planning by individuals, but the definition of uncertainty has not been clarified for individuals with CKD. After reviewing the literature, a conceptual definition for uncertainty in individuals with CKD was developed. To further clarify this concept, exemplars of individuals with CKD who do and do not exhibit uncertainty are offered. This concept clarification may offer nephrology nurses additional insight into assessing and caring for individuals with CKD.
Optional function of body systems depends upon fluid and electrolyte balance; however, across the lifespan, disorders of fluid and electrolytes offset this, and the causative factors are varied. Nurses play a major role in the management of fluid and electrolyte balance. This article focuses on the role total body water content, plasma proteins, kidney function, and drug metabolism have on the age-related physiology impacting fluid and electrolyte balance, and on nursing implications.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major health problem worldwide, but not enough is known about effective self-management interventions. In this qualitative study, we explore how outpatients with CKD Stages 1-5 (without renal replacement therapy) and their family members experienced an individually tailored CKD counseling service led by an advanced practice nurse (APN). Using thematic analysis, 10 pair interviews (N = 20) were conducted and analyzed stepwise. Findings revealed iterative processes along the course of the disease. Participants struggled with an incomprehensible diagnosis. An APN assisted them in their efforts to master CKD. The APN offered information, insights, and understanding. This support helped the families achieve a new outlook and filled some gaps in CKD care. Future development of the service should focus on slowing down CKD progression more effectively. Healthcare providers are encouraged to acknowledge the importance of ongoing guidance and the continuity of care in treating patients with CKD.
Changes in their daily lives that patients endure because of hemodialysis are major and also essential so they can stay alive. The aim of this study was to describe changes in life for patients with renal failure undergoing hemodialysis. The study has a qualitative descriptive approach with a qualitative content analysis based on in-depth interviews with patients undergoing hemodialysis. Results show that life in hemodialysis is experienced as a transition from liberty to captivity, adjusting to the new life, and the new life moving towards reconciliation. This study shows that support towards reconciliation is crucial for patient health.
The eighth edition of the Nephrology Nursing Scope and Standards of Practice, published by the American Nephrology Nurses Association (Gomez, 2017), defines the scope of nephrology nursing practice, and provides standards of practice and professional performance in an approach similar to the American Nurses Association (ANA) 2016 standards. ANNA's eighth edition of the Nephrology Nursing Scope and Standards of Practice incorporates competencies for graduate level-prepared nurses in addition to the registered nurse (RN) and advanced practice registered nurse (APRN). The section on how to use the standards in practice has been updated with user-friendly forms. This article provides an overview of the scope of practice, standards, competencies, and situations that require intervention by the nephrology nurse.
As the number of patients requiring hemodialysis increases, so does the number of patients who require complex care and whose care requires a hospital hemodialysis unit setting rather than a freestanding unit. As a result, hospital units may have a higher ratio of complex patients, and some quality incentive program (QIP) measures may need modification to be meaningful in these settings.
Osteoporosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a complex problem, with diagnostic criteria and treatment plans often debated. The debate creates a practice dilemma for clinicians faced with an aging population and an increasing incidence of fragility fractures. This article discusses the dilemma as seen from the perspective of the nephrology clinician on differentiating osteoporosis from other bone mineral disorders in patients with progressive CKD in order to provide the most efficacious and safe care.
Anemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and a predictor of increased mortality. This project integrated erythropoietin-stimulating agent (ESA) with CKD care under one practice setting, co-managing anemia with CKD while reducing frequency of office visits in a rural setting. Patients self-administered their weekly dosage of erythropoietin with monthly follow-ups. As a result, office visits decreased by 56% for patients with CKD Stage 4 and by 54% for patients with CKD Stage 5.
This process improvement project identified variables that interfere with a patient's timely discharge after a kidney transplant. Expert transplant clinicians employed by 10 large transplant centers were surveyed regarding variables that contribute most to an extended length of stay. Although statistically significant results were not obtained, some important clinical trends were apparent.
This literature review examined burden, depressive symptoms, and perceived health reported by male caregivers of persons with end stage renal disease. These studies suggest that male caregivers often experience negative outcomes. Compared to non-caregivers, male caregivers had higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Qualitative studies suggest depression is common and associated with conflict between iaregiving responsibilities and work, poor caregiver health, and fears about the future outcomes of relatives for whom they provide care. Future research will assist healthcare providers to identify at-risk male caregivers and develop effective interventions to support this understudied caregiver population.
The person with kidney failure may experience many lifestyle disruptions that initiate distressing responses. This article reports on the results of a phenomenological study that explored the experiences of patients with kidney failure who were receiving outpatient hemodialysis therapy and who were either on the transplant list or in the process of being assessed to get on the transplant list. The participants described the existential distress they endured as a result of living with this disease and treatment; however, the participants' descriptions of distress were different than the psychological perspective of emotional distress depicted in the existing research. The information provided in this article can enhance nurses' ability to recognize and respond more appropriately to the distressing moods experienced by patients with kidney failure on outpatient hemodialysis.
Clinical research nursing is becoming more visible to nephrology professionals. As more nephrology practices and units are participating in clinical trials, clinical research nursing is gaining interest as a career niche among nephrology nurses. This unique specialty requires that nephrology clinical nurse nurses (CRNs) reconcile the roles of nurse as caregiver and nurse as researcher, which may result in a role conflict. Nephrology nurses should be aware that they may experience this role conflict when transitioning from patient care to a position as a clinical research nurse. These nurses can rely on the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics for Nurses and the Oncology Nursing Society's Oncology Clinical Trials Nurse Competencies to help reconcile the potential role conflict.
Nephrology nurses play a major role in every aspect of caring for patients on dialysis. It is always challenging to witness patients and families struggling through dialysis modality changes coupled with end-of-life decisions. Open discussions and care provided by an interdisciplinary team approach provides the foundational structure for quality care necessary for this population. In the case of Mr. T., a dialysis modality change was a necessary change in his life. The FNP PCP played a significant role in coordinating his care to achieve the desired outcomes and ensure there was a coordinated team approach.
In the United States, an increasing number of individuals are being diagnosed with end stage renal disease requiring renal replacement therapy. Home dialysis modalities are an available option in lieu of in-center hemodialysis therapy for these individuals, but are vastly underutilized in the U.S. for multiple reasons. Both healthcare providers and individuals requiring renal replacement therapy are frequently unaware these modalities are an available alternative to in-center hemodialysis and of the potential benefits related to home modality use. Lack of healthcare provider and patient education regarding home modalities is a primary factor related to underutilization.
This qualitative study describes the temporal patterns of fatigue found as part of a larger study designed to elicit a description of the experience and self-management of fatigue for patients on hemodialysis. Two patterns of fatigue were identified. The first pattern, continuous fatigue, was characterized by participants who experienced fatigue at all times, which was their normal, baseline feeling. Within this group, two subgroups were identified. The second pattern of fatigue, post-dialysis fatigue only, was characterized by participants who experienced fatigue only after their hemodialysis session. This study is unique because it expands our knowledge about hemodialysis and fatigue by describing the patterns that fatigue follows over time from one hemodialysis session to the next. Insight into these phenomena could help ameliorate fatigue and allow nurses to tailor interventions for patients on hemodialysis.
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children and adolescents with chronic health conditions is a multifactorial concept that combines a child's perception and adaptation to physical, social, emotional, and school environments regardless of particular medical diagnosis. Children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience non-kidney specific co-morbidities, including depression, body image alterations, and sleep disturbance, that impair their daily lives. This article reviews the pediatric nephrology literature to highlight the evidence identifying these riskr to HRQOL and suggesting ways in which nurses in both nephrology and primary care are poised to identify and modify these risk factors.
The incidence of end stage renal disease is more than three times higher in African Americans. Treatment regimens contribute to gastrointestinal (GI) complaints. This study's purpose was to examine the incidence of GI symptoms in African-American patients undergoing hemodialysis. Younger participants were more likely to report mild indigestion, while older participants reported severe indigestion or none at all. Females were more likely to report gastrointestinal symptoms. Commonly reported co-morbidities included hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease. Time on hemodialysis ranged from 1 to 279 months. Those who had been on hemodialysis the longest were more likely to report acid reflux, stomach rumbling, and mild diarrhea. This study provides a foundation for early identification of GI symptoms in African-Americans patients undergoing hemodialysis.
Nurses who work in hemodialysis (HD) are considered highly susceptible to burnout due to their close relationship with incurable patients and handling sophisticated machinery. A total of 210 nurses from 12 state-owned HD centers in the Republic of Serbia anonymously completed a background information questionnaire providing factual data on nurses' socio-demographic characteristics and working conditions using the Maslach Burnout Inventory Health Services Survey. Almost half of the nurses (42.9%) were experiencing burnout. High emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization, and low level of personal accomplishment were present in 40.9%, 8.6%, and 31.3% of nurses, respectively. The number of children, involuntary choice of current position, and unwillingness to choose the same type of job again were significant predictors of burnout. Our population of nurses working in HD was more affected by emotional exhaustion than their colleagues in other countries, but maintained high level of empathy and feeling of personal accomplishment.
When encountering unusually appearing dialysate effluent from a patient doing peritoneal dialysis, it is important to review the patient's recent exposures. In the case of "black"-appearing dialysate effluent, consideration needs to be given to the possibility of someone having undergone a colonoscopy and having tattooing with India ink. Nephrology nurses are frequently the first to be notified when there has been a change in the character of a patient's peritoneal dialysis dialysate effluent. This article describes a case of "black"-appearing dialysate and includes some of the potential differentials that were considered in the evaluation process. Even though "black"-appearing dialysate is a rare occurrence, nephrology nurses need to be aware of some of the potential etiologies, including exposure to India ink.
Dyskalemia is known to cause cardiac arrhythmias and cardiac arrest. In persons undergoing hemodialysis, potassium dialysate composition has been identified as a contributing factor in addition to co-morbidities, medications, dietary potassium intake, and stage of kidney disease. Current evidence recommends a thorough evaluation of all factors affecting potassium balance, and lower potassium concentration should be used cautiously in patients who are likely to develop cardiac arrhythmias. Nephrology nurses play a key role in patient assessment and education related to potassium balance.
Advance care planning is critical for persons with chronic kidney disease because they face a shortened lifespan. There is a paucity of reliable and valid measures exploring nephrology nurse perceptions toward advance care planning. This article reports the results of testing the factor structure, reliability, and validity of a newly developed measure of nephrology nurse perceptions toward advance care planning as well as information on nephrology nurses'perceptions on advance care planning. Measuring nephrology nurse perceptions toward advance care planning may facilitate planning of interventions to assist nurses to become more active in the process.
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