European Heart Journal (Eur Heart J)

Publisher: European Society of Cardiology, Oxford University Press (OUP)

Journal description

The European Heart Journal is an international, English language, peer-reviewed journal dealing with Cardiovascular Medicine. It is an official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology and is published weekly. The European Heart Journal aims to publish the highest quality material, both clinical and scientific, on all aspects of Cardiovascular Medicine. It includes articles related to research findings, technical evaluations, and reviews. In addition it provides a forum for the exchange of information on all aspects of Cardiovascular Medicine, including education issues. In addition to publishing original papers on all aspects of cardiovascular medicine and surgery, the Journal also features Reviews, Clinical Perspectives, ESC Guidelines and editorial articles about recent developments in cardiology as well as encouraging correspondence from its readers.

Current impact factor: 15.20

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 15.203
2013 Impact Factor 14.723
2012 Impact Factor 14.097
2011 Impact Factor 10.478
2010 Impact Factor 10.046
2009 Impact Factor 9.8
2008 Impact Factor 8.917
2006 Impact Factor 7.286
2005 Impact Factor 7.341
2004 Impact Factor 6.247
2003 Impact Factor 5.997
2002 Impact Factor 6.131
2001 Impact Factor 5.153
2000 Impact Factor 3.84
1999 Impact Factor 3.21
1998 Impact Factor 3.631
1997 Impact Factor 2.137
1996 Impact Factor 1.682
1995 Impact Factor 1.682
1994 Impact Factor 1.427
1993 Impact Factor 1.425
1992 Impact Factor 1.557

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 13.65
Cited half-life 5.40
Immediacy index 3.89
Eigenfactor 0.13
Article influence 5.38
Website European Heart Journal website
Other titles European heart journal (Online), European heart journal
ISSN 1522-9645
OCLC 40309576
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Oxford University Press (OUP)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print can only be posted prior to acceptance
    • Pre-print must be accompanied by set statement (see link)
    • Pre-print must not be replaced with post-print, instead a link to published version with amended set statement should be made
    • Pre-print on author's personal website, employer website, free public server or pre-prints in subject area
    • Post-print in Institutional repositories or Central repositories
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany archived copy (see policy)
    • Eligible authors may deposit in OpenDepot
    • The publisher will deposit in PubMed Central on behalf of NIH authors
    • Publisher last contacted on 19/02/2015
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Oxford University Press (OUP)'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Anti-inflammatory strategies to reduce neutrophil-driven acute post-MI injury have been shown to limit acute cardiac tissue damage. On the other hand, whether neutrophils are required for resolving post-MI inflammation and repair is unknown. Methods and results: We show that neutrophil-depleted mice subjected to MI had worsened cardiac function, increased fibrosis, and progressively developed heart failure. Flow cytometry of blood, lymphoid organs and digested hearts revealed reduced numbers of Ly6C(high) monocytes in infarcts of neutrophil-depleted mice, whereas the number of macrophages increased, which was paralleled by reduced splenic Ly6C(high) monocyte mobilization but enhanced proliferation of cardiac macrophages. Macrophage subtype analysis revealed reduced cardiac expression of M1 markers, whereas M2 markers were increased in neutrophil-depleted mice. Surprisingly, we found reduced expression of phagocytosis receptor myeloid-epithelial-reproductive tyrosine kinase, a marker of reparative M2c macrophages which mediate clearance of apoptotic cells. In agreement with this finding, neutrophil-depleted mice had increased numbers of TUNEL-positive cells within infarcts. We identified neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in the neutrophil secretome as a key inducer of macrophages with high capacity to engulf apoptotic cells. The cardiac macrophage phenotype in neutrophil-depleted mice was restored by administration of neutrophil secretome or NGAL. Conclusion: Neutrophils are crucially involved in cardiac repair after MI by polarizing macrophages towards a reparative phenotype. Therapeutic strategies to reduce acute neutrophil-driven inflammation after MI should be carefully balanced as they might interfere with the healing response and cardiac remodelling.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The evaluation of patients presenting to the emergency department with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains a clinical challenge. The traditional assessment includes clinical risk assessment based on cardiovascular risk factors with serial electrocardiograms and cardiac troponin measurements, often followed by advanced cardiac testing as inpatient or outpatient (i.e. stress testing, imaging). Despite this costly and lengthy work-up, there is a non-negligible rate of missed ACS with an increased risk of death. There is a clinical need for diagnostic strategies that will lead to rapid and reliable triage of patients with suspected ACS. We provide an overview of the evidence for the role of highly sensitive troponin (hsTn) in the rapid and efficient evaluation of suspected ACS. Results of recent research studies have led to the introduction of hsTn with rapid rule-in and rule-out protocols into the guidelines. Highly sensitive troponin increases the sensitivity for the detection of myocardial infarction and decreases time to diagnosis; however, it may decrease the specificity, especially when used as a dichotomous variable, rather than continuous variable as recommended by guidelines; this may increase clinician uncertainty. We summarize the evidence for the use of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) as the rapid diagnostic tool in this population when used with conventional troponin assays. Coronary CTA significantly decreases time to diagnosis and discharge in patients with suspected ACS, while being safe. However, it may lead to increase in invasive procedures and includes radiation exposure. Finally, we outline the opportunities for the combined use of hsTn and coronary CTA that may result in increased efficiency, decreased need for imaging, lower cost, and decreased radiation dose.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past decade, more men than women have shown improved outcomes from antithrombotic therapies after acute coronary syndrome (ACS), which raises the question of whether there are sex-specific differences in treatment patterns and response to therapy. Differences in presenting clinical characteristics, pathophysiologic profile, and disparities in treatment may contribute to this outcomes discrepancy. Analyses of large trials and registry data suggest that male and female ACS patients experience similar benefits from antithrombotic therapy without significant difference in treatment utilization rates, yet women are consistently at higher risk of bleeding than men. Bleeding may result in antithrombotic treatment disruption, which increases the risk of long-term thrombotic events. Additionally, female ACS patients are more likely to receive suboptimal medication dosing and have lower rates of long-term medication adherence. These differences have significant clinical implications for women, indicating the need for strategies that will optimize initial treatment and long-term management attuned to these recognized sex-specific gaps.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary microvascular networks play the key role in determining blood flow distribution in the heart. Matching local blood supply to tissue metabolic demand entails continuous adaptation of coronary vessels via regulation of smooth muscle tone and structural dilated vessel diameter. The importance of coronary microcirculation for relevant pathological conditions including angina in patients with normal or near-normal coronary angiograms [microvascular angina (MVA)] and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is increasingly recognized. For MVA, clinical studies have shown a prevalence of up to 40% in patients with suspected coronary artery disease and a relevant impact on adverse cardiovascular events including cardiac death, stroke, and heart failure. Despite a continuously increasing number of corresponding clinical studies, the knowledge on pathophysiological cause-effect relations involving coronary microcirculation is, however, still very limited. A number of pathophysiological hypotheses for MVA and HFpEF have been suggested but are not established to a degree, which would allow definition of nosological entities, stratification of affected patients, or development of effective therapeutic strategies. This may be related to a steep decline in experimental (animal) pathophysiological studies in this area during the last 15 years. Since technology to experimentally investigate microvascular pathophysiology in the beating heart is increasingly, in principle, available, a concerted effort to build 'coronary microcirculatory observatories' to close this gap and to accelerate clinical progress in this area is suggested.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · European Heart Journal

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The notion of atherosclerosis as a chronic inflammatory disease has intensified research on the role of cytokines and the way these molecules act and interact to initiate and sustain inflammation in the microenvironment of an atherosclerotic plaque. Cytokines are expressed by all types of cells involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, act on a variety of targets exerting multiple effects, and are largely responsible for the crosstalk among endothelial, smooth muscle cells, leucocytes, and other vascular residing cells. It is now understood that widely used drugs such as statins, aspirin, methotrexate, and colchicine act in an immunomodulatory way that may beneficially affect atherogenesis and/or cardiovascular disease progression. Moreover, advancement in pharmaceutical design has enabled the production of highly specific antibodies against key molecules involved in the perpetuation of the inflammatory cascade, raising hope for advances in the treatment of atherosclerosis. This review describes the actions and effects of these agents, their potential clinical significance, and future prospects.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: We aimed to assess the contemporary outcome of Eisenmenger syndrome (ES), delineate the use of disease targeting therapies (DTT) in these patients and to investigate the effect of treatment on outcome in the community. Methods and results: Patients with ES were systematically identified from the German National Register for Congenital Heart Defects. Data on underlying diagnosis, medical therapy, and survival were collected. The impact of DTT on survival was assessed using time-dependant Cox analysis. Overall, 153 ES patients were included (mean age 34.0 ± 13.3 years, 46% females). Of these, 88 (57.5%) were treated with at least one DTT (76.1% Bosentan, 20.5% Sildenafil) while 17.6% were on dual DTT. In addition, 24.8% of patients received digoxin, 10.5% angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers, and 17.6% β-blockers. Moreover, 17.6% of patients were treated with oral anticoagulants, while 23.5% of patients received Aspirin. The survival rate at 1, 5, and 10 years of follow-up was only 92, 75, and 57% in the entire cohort, and was even worse in treatment naive ES patients (survival rate 86, 60, and 34% at 1, 5, and 10 years). Use of DTT was independently associated with a better survival (hazard ratio 0.42, P= 0.015). Conclusion: This study illustrates the alarmingly poor survival prospects of Eisenmenger patients by community-based data even in the current era with advanced DTT and in a country with a wealthy health system. Treatment naive ES patients had especially high mortality rates approaching 60-70% at 10 years of follow-up. Treatment with DTT was associated with better survival.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Pulmonary congestion is a common and important finding in heart failure (HF). While clinical examination and chest radiography are insensitive, lung ultrasound (LUS) is a novel technique that may detect and quantify subclinical pulmonary congestion. We sought to independently relate LUS and clinical findings to 6-month HF hospitalizations and all-cause mortality (composite primary outcome). Methods: We used LUS to examine 195 NYHA class II-IV HF patients (median age 66, 61% men, 74% white, ejection fraction 34%) during routine cardiology outpatient visits. Lung ultrasound was performed in eight chest zones with a pocket ultrasound device (median exam duration 2 min) and analysed offline. Results: In 185 patients with adequate LUS images in all zones, the sum of B-lines (vertical lines on LUS) ranged from 0 to 13. B-lines, analysed by tertiles, were associated with clinical and laboratory markers of congestion. Thirty-two per cent of patients demonstrated ≥3 B-lines on LUS, yet 81% of these patients had no findings on auscultation. During the follow-up period, 50 patients (27%) were hospitalized for HF or died. Patients in the third tertile (≥3 B-lines) had a four-fold higher risk of the primary outcome (adjusted HR 4.08, 95% confidence interval, CI 1.95, 8.54; P < 0.001) compared with those in the first tertile and spent a significantly lower number of days alive and out of the hospital (125 days vs. 165 days; adjusted P < 0.001). Conclusions: Pulmonary congestion assessed by ultrasound is prevalent in ambulatory patients with chronic HF, is associated with other features of clinical congestion, and identifies those who have worse prognosis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Heart Journal

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has spawned the evolution of novel catheter-based therapies for a variety of cardiovascular conditions. Newer device iterations are delivering lower peri- and early post-procedural complication rates in patients with aortic stenosis, who were otherwise deemed too high risk for conventional surgical valve replacement. Yet beyond the post-procedural period, a considerable portion of current TAVI recipients fail to derive a benefit from TAVI, either dying or displaying a lack of clinical and functional improvement. Considerable interest now lies in better identifying factors likely to predict futility post-TAVI. Implicit in this are the critical roles of frailty, disability, and a multimorbidity patient assessment. In this review, we outline the roles that a variety of medical comorbidities play in determining futile post-TAVI outcomes, including the critical role of frailty underlying the identification of patients unlikely to benefit from TAVI. We discuss various TAVI risk scores, and further propose that by combining such scores along with frailty parameters and the presence of specific organ failure, a more accurate and holistic assessment of potential TAVI-related futility could be achieved.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Heart Journal

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: The ALternate Site Cardiac ResYNChronization (ALSYNC) study evaluated the feasibility and safety of left ventricular endocardial pacing (LVEP) using a market-released pacing lead implanted via a single pectoral access by a novel atrial transseptal lead delivery system. Methods and results: ALSYNC was a prospective clinical investigation with a minimum of 12-month follow-up in 18 centres of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)-indicated patients, who had failed or were unsuitable for conventional CRT. The ALSYNC system comprises the investigational lead delivery system and LVEP lead. Patients required warfarin therapy post-implant. The primary study objective was safety at 6-month follow-up, which was defined as freedom from complications related to the lead delivery system, implant procedure, or the lead ≥70%. The ALSYNC study enrolled 138 patients. The LVEP lead implant success rate was 89.4%. Freedom from complications meeting the definition of primary endpoint was 82.2% at 6 months (95% CI 75.6-88.8%). In the study, 14 transient ischaemic attacks (9 patients, 6.8%), 5 non-disabling strokes (5 patients, 3.8%), and 23 deaths (17.4%) were observed. No death was from a primary endpoint complication. At 6 months, the New York Heart Association class improved in 59% of patients, and 55% had LV end-systolic volume reduction of 15% or greater. Those patients enrolled after CRT non-response showed similar improvement with LVEP. Conclusions: The ALSYNC study demonstrates clinical feasibility, and provides an early indication of possible benefit and risk of LVEP. Clinical trial: NCT01277783.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Heart Journal

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Heart Journal

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Heart Journal