International Journal of Phytoremediation (INT J PHYTOREMEDIAT)

Publisher: Association for the Environmental Health of Soils; Association for Environmental Health and Sciences, Taylor & Francis

Journal description

The International Journal of Phytoremediation covers a wide range of topics related to phytoremediation - not just the techniques. From building partnerships with environmental regulators to managing the physical effects of phytoremediation, you'll find it all in this comprehensive journal. With its peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary articles, you can master phytoremediation and make it a realistic solution to your needs. Topics include: A fragment solution to soil remediation; Enhancement of Cr (III) phytoaccumulation; Screening plant species for growth on weathered, petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soils; Assessing plant phytoextraction potential through mathematical modeling; Differential tolerance of cool- and warm-season grasses to TNT-contaminated soil; Cropping as a phytoremediation practice for oily desert soil; Plant screening for chromium phytoremediation; Amendment optimization to enhance lead extractability from contaminated soils for phytoremediation; A preparation technique for analysis of explosives in plant tissues.

Current impact factor: 1.74

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.739
2013 Impact Factor 1.466
2012 Impact Factor 1.179
2011 Impact Factor 1.298
2010 Impact Factor 1.936
2009 Impact Factor 1.321
2008 Impact Factor 1.217
2007 Impact Factor 1.489
2006 Impact Factor 1.106
2005 Impact Factor 1.288
2004 Impact Factor 1.06
2001 Impact Factor 0.042

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.88
Cited half-life 4.70
Immediacy index 0.34
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.42
Website International Journal of Phytoremediation website
Other titles Soil & sediment contamination (Online), Soil & sediment contamination, Soil and sediment contamination
ISSN 1522-6514
OCLC 54071039
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the effect of elemental sulfur on lead (Pb) uptake and its toxicity in wheat. A pot experiment was conducted with the purpose to examine the impact of sulfur on improving Pb solubility in soil, uptake and accumulation in wheat plants. The effect of three levels of lead (0, 50 and 100 mg kg(-1) soil) and sulfur (0, 150 and 300 mmol kg(-1) soil) was tested in all possible combinations. Root dry matter, straw and grain yield, and the photosynthetic and transpiration rates decreased significantly with increasing levels of Pb in the soil. However, sulfur fertilization in the presence of Pb improved the photosynthetic and transpiration rates and consequently increased the straw and grain yield of wheat. It also enhanced the Pb accumulation in roots, its translocation from roots to shoot and accumulation in grain. S and Zn contents of different plant parts were also enhanced. Thus, by mitigating the toxic effect of Pb and improving wheat growth, sulfur enhances Pb accumulation by the aboveground plant parts and hence the phytoextraction capacity of wheat. However, total accumulation of Pb show that wheat plant cannot be considered as a suitable candidate for phytoremediation.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2016 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, batch removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions by powdered Colocasia esculenta leaves (CELP) was investigated. Batch experiments were conducted to study the effects of adsorption of Cr(VI) at different pH, initial concentration, agitation speed, temperature and contact time. The biosorbent was characterized by scanning electron microscopy(SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR) analysis. The biosorptive capacity of the adsorbent was dependent on the pH of the chromium solution in which maximum removal was observed at pH 2. The adsorption equilibrium data were evaluated for various adsorption isotherm models, kinetic models and thermodynamics. The equilibrium data fitted well with Freundlich and Halsey models. The adsorption capacity calculated was 47.62 mg/g at pH 2.The adsorption kinetic data were best described by pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Thus, Colocasia esculenta leaves can be considered as one of the efficient and cheap biosorbent for hexavalent chromium removal from aqueous solutions.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: It is important to know the mechanisms for forage development, especially those related to the tolerance of levels of potentially toxic elements, when considering their use in phytoremediation in heavy metal contaminated areas. In this study we evaluated plant growth, concentration and the availability of cadmium (Cd) for forage grasses (Panicum maximum cv. Aruana and cv. Tanzânia; Brachiaria decumbens cv. Basilisk; Brachiaria brizantha cv. Xaraés and cv. Marandu) cultivated in Cd contaminated soils. The experiments were performed under greenhouse conditions over a 90-day evaluation period, and the Cd rates were 2, 4 and 12 mg kg(-1) of soil. The relative growth rate of the forage grasses decreased as Cd rates increased, and the following descending order of susceptibility was observed: Marandu > Xaraés > Aruana > Tanzânia > Basilisk, with regard to phytotoxicity in these plants. The forage Cd concentration increased in line with increases in the Cd rates. Cd contents extracted by Mehlich-1 and by diethylene-triaminepentaacetic acid presented high positive correlation with forage relative growth. The forage plants did not block Cd entry into the food chain because they were not capable of limiting Cd absorption.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: The study was aimed to examine the effects of soil amendment with organic waste materials on the growth of red fescue and the uptake of Cu and Zn by this grass, in view of its potential usage for phytostabilization of Cu polluted soils. Five soils, containing 301-5180 mg kg−1 Cu, were collected from the surroundings of copper smelter Legnica, and amended with lignite LG and limed sewage sludge SS. Plant growth and the concentrations of Cu and Zn in the shoots and roots of grass were measured in a pot experiment and related to the results of Pytotoxkit and Microtox® tests performed on soil solution. The effects of soil amendment with LG and SS differed greatly, and depended on soil properties. In some cases, the application of alkaline SS resulted in dramatic increase of Cu phytotoxicity and its enhanced uptake by plants, while application of LG to slightly acidic soil caused increased accumulation of Zn in plants, particularly in their roots. The study confirmed good suitability of red fescue for phytostabilization of Cu-contaminated soils except for those extremely polluted. Organic amendments to be used for metal immobilization should be thoroughly examined prior to application.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: Research into feasible methods for the enhancement of bioremediation in soil contaminated by crude oil is vital in oil exporting countries such as Kuwait, where crude oil is a major pollutant and the environment is hostile to biodegradation. This study investigated the possibility of enhancing crude oil bioremediation by supplementing soil with cost-effective organic materials derived from two widespread locally grown trees, Conocarpus and Tamarix. The amendments of soils increased the counts of soil microbiota by up to 98% and enhanced their activity by up to 95.5%. The increase in the biodegradation of crude oil (75%) and high levels of alkB expression substantiated the efficiency of the proposed amendment technology for the bioremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated sites. The identification of crude-oil-degrading bacteria revealed the dominance of the genus Microbacterium (39.6%), Sphingopyxis soli (19.3%) and Bordetella petrii (19.6%) in unamended, Conocarpus-amended and Tamarix-amended contaminated soils, respectively. Although, soil amendments favoured the growth of Gram-negative bacteria and reduced bacterial diversity, the structures of bacterial communities were not significantly altered.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: Plants of the Cerrado have shown some potential for restoration and/or phytoremediation projects due to their ability to grow and tolerate acidic soils rich in metals. This work aims to evaluate the tolerance and accumulation of metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) in five native tree species of the Brazilian Cerrado (C. langsdorffii, E. dysenterica, I. laurina, C. fissilis, H. impetiginosus) subjected to three experiments with contaminated soils derived from a zinc processing industry (S1, S2, S3), in addition to the control soil (S0). The experimental design was completely randomized (factorial 5×4×3) and conducted in greenhouse during 90 days experimentation time. The plant species behavior was assessed by visual symptoms of toxicity, tolerance index (TI), translocation factor (TF) and bioaccumulation factor (BF). C. fissilis has performed as a Zn accumulator by the higher BFs obtained in the experiments, equal to 3.72, 0.88 and 0.41 for S1, S2 and S3 respectively. This specie had some ability of uptake control as a defense mechanism in high stress conditions with the best behavior for phytoremediation and high tolerance to contamination. With economical and technical benefits, this study may support a preliminary analysis necessary for the use of native tree species in environmental projects.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: To increase an understanding of the interaction of soil-halophyte (Salicornia brachiata) relations and phytoremediation, we investigated the aboveground biomass, carbon fixation and nutrient composition (N, P, K, Na, Ca, and Mg) of S. brachiata using six sampling sites with varying in characteristics over one growing season in inter-tidal marshes. Simultaneously, soil characteristics and nutrient concentrations were also estimated. There was a significant variation in soil characteristics and nutrient contents in spatially (except pH) as well as temporally. Nutrient contents in aboveground biomass of S. brachiata were also significantly differed in spatially (except C and Cl) as well as temporally. Aboveground biomass of S. brachiata ranged 2.51 to 6.07 t ha(-1) at maturity and it was positively correlated with soil electrical conductivity and available Na, whereas, negatively with soil pH. The K/Na ratio in plant was below one showed tolerance to salinity. The aboveground C fixation values were ranged from 0.77 to 1.93 C t ha(-1) at all six sampling sites. This study provides new understandings into nutrient cycling, C fixation potential of highly salt tolerant halophyte S. brachiata growing on inter-tidal soils of India. S. brachiata have a potential for amelioration of the salinity due to higher Na bioaccumulation factor.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: An investigation was carried out to evaluate the effect of heavy metal toxicity on growth, herb,oil yield and quality and metal accumulation in rose scented geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) grown in heavy metal enriched soils. Four heavy metals (Cd, Ni, Cr and Pb) each at two levels (10 and 20 mg kg(-1) soil) were tested on geranium. Results indicated that Cr concentration in soil at 20 mg kg(-1) reduced leaves, stem and root yield by 70, 83 and 45%, respectively, over control. Root growth was significantly affected in Cr stressed soil. Nickel, Cr and Cd concentration and accumulation in plant increased with higher application of these metals. Chromium, nickel and cadmium uptake was observed to be higher in leaves than in stem and roots. Essential oil constituents were generally not significantly affected by heavy metals except Pb at 10 and 20 ppm, which significantly increased the content of citronellol and Ni at 20 ppm increased the content of geraniol. Looking in to the higher accumulation of toxic metals by geranium and the minimal impact of heavy metals on quality of essential oil, geranium can be commercially cultivated in heavy metal polluted soil for production of high value essential oil.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: In the present study bioremediation potential of a high biomass yielding grass, Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), along with plant associated microbes (AM fungi and Azospirillum), was tested against lead and cadmium in pot trials. Methods: A pot trial was set up in order to evaluate bioremediation efficiency of P. virgatum in association with PAMs (Plant Associated Microbes). Growth parameters and bioremediation potential of endomycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and Azospirillum against different concentrations of Pb and Cd were compared. Results: AM fungi and Azospirillum increased the root length, branches, surface area, and root and shoot biomass. The soil pH was found towards neutral with AMF and Azospirillum inoculations. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) for Pb (12 mg kg(-1)) and Cd (10 mg kg(-1)) were found to be 0.25 and 0.23 respectively and translocation index (Ti) was 17.8 and 16.7 respectively (approx 45% higher than control). Conclusions: The lower values of BCF and Ti, even at highest concentration of Pb and Cd, revealed the capability of switchgrass of accumulating high concentration of Pb and Cd in the roots, while preventing the translocation of Pb and Cd to aerial biomass.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was focused on field research to examine the phytoremediation potential of naturally grown Eichhornia crassipes in fly ash (FA) pond. Field results indicate the efficiency of E. crassipes for remediation of heavy metals from FA pond. The bioconcentration factor trend was Cr (3.75) > Cu (2.62) > Cd (1.05) and Cu (1.35) in root and stem, respectively. The survival and abundance growth of E. crassipes in the circumstance of heavy metal enriched FA pond is another highlight of the present research that reveals its toxitolerant characteristics. Thus, this lesson on phytoremediation proved that E. crassipes is a potential accumulator of Cu, Cr and Cd from FA ponds and is a promising species for FA pond's remediation globally.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of inoculation with two metal-resistant and plant growth-promoting endophytic bacteria (Burkholderia sp. GL12 and Bacillus megaterium JL35) were evaluated on the plant growth and Cu uptake in their host Elsholtzia splendens and non-host Brassica napus plants grown in natural Cu-contaminated soil. The two strains showed a high level of ACC deaminase activities. In pot experiments, inoculation with strain GL12 significantly increased root and above-ground tissue dry weights of both plants, consequently increasing the total Cu uptake of E. splendens and Brassica napus by 132% and 48.2% respectively. Inoculation with strain JL35 was found to significantly increase not only the biomass of B. napus, consequently increasing the total Cu uptake of B. napus by 31.3%, but Cu concentration of E. splendens for above-ground tissues by 318% and roots by 69.7%, consequently increasing the total Cu uptake of E. splendens by 223%. The two strains could colonize the rhizosphere soils and root interiors of both plants. Notably, strain JL35 could colonize the shoot tissues and significantly increase the translocation factors and bioaccumulation factors of E. splendens. These results suggested that Burkholderia sp. GL12 and B. megaterium JL35 were valuable bacterial resource which had the potential in improving the efficiency of Cu phytoextraction by E. splendens and B. napus in a natural Cu-contaminated soil.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: Vetiver grass (Chrysopogon zizanioides) was investigated for its potential use in the rehabilitation of gold mine tailings, its ability to extract and accumulate toxic metals from the tailings and its metal tolerant strategies. Vetiver grass was grown on gold mine tailings soil, in a hothouse, and monitored for sixteen weeks. The mine tailings were highly acidic and had high electrical conductivity. Vetiver grass was able to grow and adapt well on gold mine tailings. The results showed that Vetiver grass accumulated large amounts of metals in the roots and restricted their translocation to the shoots. This was confirmed by the bioconcentration factor of Zn, Cu and Ni of >1 and the translocation factor of <1 for all the metals. This study revealed the defense mechanisms employed by Vetiver grass against metal stress that include: chelation of toxic metals by phenolics, glutathione S-tranferase, and low molecular weight thiols; sequestration and accumulation of metals within the cell wall that was revealed by the scanning electron microscopy that showed closure of stomata and thickened cell wall and was confirmed by high content of cell wall bound phenolics. Metal induced reactive oxygen species are reduced or eliminated by catalase, superoxide dismutase and peroxidase dismutase.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International Journal of Phytoremediation
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    ABSTRACT: Phycoremediation ability of microalgae namely Oscillatoria acuminate and Phormidium irrigum were validated against the heavy metals from tannery effluent of Ranipet industrial area. The microalgae species were cultured in media containing tannery effluent in two different volumes and the parameters like specific growth rate, protein content and antioxidant enzyme activities were estimated. FTIR spectroscopy was carried out to know the sorption sites interaction. The antioxidant enzymes namely superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione (GSH) contents were increased in microalgae species indicating the free radical scavenging mechanism under heavy metal stress. SOD activity was 0.502 and 0.378 units/gram fresh weight, CAT activity was 1.36 and 0.256 units/gram fresh weight, GSH activity was 1.286 and 1.232 units/gram fresh weight respectively in the effluent treated microalgae species. Bio sorption efficiency for Oscillatoria acuminate and Phormidium irrigum was 90% and 80% respectively. FTIR analysis revealed the interaction of microalgae species with chemical groups present in the tannery effluent. From the results, the microalgae Oscillatoria acuminate possess high antioxidant activity and bio sorption efficiency when compared to Phormidium irrigum and hence considered useful in treating heavy metals contaminated effluents.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International Journal of Phytoremediation