Inorganic Chemistry (Inorg Chem)

Publisher: American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society

Journal description

Inorganic Chemistry publishes fundamental studies in all phases of inorganic chemistry. Coverage includes experimental and theoretical reports on quantitative studies of structure and thermodynamics, kinetics, mechanisms of inorganic reactions, bioinorganic chemistry, and some aspects of organometallic chemistry, solid-state phenomena, and chemical bonding theory. Emphasis is placed on the synthesis, structure, thermodynamics, reactivity, spectroscopy, and bonding properties of significant new and known compounds. Inorganic Chemistry offers full-length studies, shorter notes, and communications of immediate interest and has earned respect throughout the world for attracting and publishing outstanding research.

Current impact factor: 4.76

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 4.762
2013 Impact Factor 4.794
2012 Impact Factor 4.593
2011 Impact Factor 4.601
2010 Impact Factor 4.325
2009 Impact Factor 4.657
2008 Impact Factor 4.147
2007 Impact Factor 4.123
2006 Impact Factor 3.911
2005 Impact Factor 3.851
2004 Impact Factor 3.454
2003 Impact Factor 3.389
2002 Impact Factor 2.95
2001 Impact Factor 2.946
2000 Impact Factor 2.712
1999 Impact Factor 2.843
1998 Impact Factor 2.965
1997 Impact Factor 2.736
1996 Impact Factor 2.99
1995 Impact Factor 2.534
1994 Impact Factor 2.522
1993 Impact Factor 2.684
1992 Impact Factor 2.721

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 4.64
Cited half-life 7.80
Immediacy index 1.03
Eigenfactor 0.12
Article influence 1.01
Website Inorganic Chemistry website
Other titles Inorganic chemistry (Online), Inorganic chemistry
ISSN 1520-510X
OCLC 37637103
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

American Chemical Society

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Restrictions
    • Must obtain written permission from Editor
    • Must not violate ACS ethical Guidelines
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • If mandated by funding agency or employer/ institution
    • If mandated to deposit before 12 months, must obtain waiver from Institution/Funding agency or use AuthorChoice
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website, pre-print servers, institutional website, institutional repositories or subject repositories
    • Non-Commercial
    • Must be accompanied by set statement (see policy)
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • If mandated sooner than 12 months, must obtain waiver from Editors or use AuthorChoice
    • Reviewed on 07/08/2014
  • Classification
    white

Publications in this journal

  • Katsuaki Kobayashi · Hideki Ohtsu · Koichi Nozaki · Susumu Kitagawa · Koji Tanaka
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An NAD/NADH-functionalized ligand, benzo[b]pyrido[3,2-f][1,7]-phenanthroline (bpp), was newly synthesized. A Ru compound containing the bpp ligand, [Ru(bpp)(bpy)2](2+), underwent 2e(-) and 2H(+) reduction, generating the NADH form of the compound, [Ru(bppHH)(bpy)2](2+), in response to visible light irradiation in CH3CN/TEA/H2O (8/1/1). The UV-vis and fluorescent spectra of both [Ru(bpp)(bpy)2](2+) and [Ru(bppHH)(bpy)2](2+) resembled the spectra of [Ru(bpy)3](2+). Both complexes exhibited strong emission, with quantum yields of 0.086 and 0.031, respectively; values that are much higher than those obtained from the NAD/NADH-functionalized complexes [Ru(pbn)(bpy)2](2+) and [Ru(pbnHH)(bpy)2](2+) (pbn = (2-(2-pyridyl)benzo[b]-1.5-naphthyridine, pbnHH = hydrogenated form of pbn). The reduction potential of the bpp ligand in [Ru(bpp)(bpy)2](2+) (-1.28 V vs SCE) is much more negative than that of the pbn ligand in [Ru(pbn)(bpy)2](2+) (-0.74 V), although the oxidation potentials of bppHH and pbnHH are essentially equal (0.95 V). These results indicate that the electrochemical oxidation of the dihydropyridine moiety in the NADH-type ligand was independent of the π system, including the Ru polypyridyl framework. [Ru(bppHH)(bpy)2](2+) allowed the photoreduction of oxygen, generating H2O2 in 92% yield based on [Ru(bppHH)(bpy)2](2+). H2O2 production took place via singlet oxygen generated by the energy transfer from excited [Ru(bppHH)(bpy)2](2+) to triplet oxygen.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cobalamins are known to react with thiols to yield stable β-axial Co(III)-S bonded thiolato-cobalamin complexes. However, in stark contrast to the Co-C bond in alkylcobalamins, the photolability of the Co-S bond in thiolato-cobalamins remains undetermined. We have investigated the photolysis of N-acetylcysteinyl cob(III)alamin at several wavelengths within the ultraviolet and visible spectrum. To aid in photolysis, we show that attaching fluorophore "antennae" to the cobalamin scaffold can improve photolytic efficiency by up to an order of magnitude. Additionally, electron paramagnetic resonance confirms previous conjectures that the photolysis of thiolato-cobalamins at wavelengths as long as 546 nm produces thiyl radicals.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The chlorite-periodate reaction has been studied spectrophotometrically in acidic medium at 25.0 ± 0.1 °C, monitoring the absorbance at 400 nm in acetate/acetic acid buffer at constant ionic strength (I = 0.5 M). We have shown that periodate was exclusively reduced to iodate, but chlorite ion was oxidized to chlorate and chlorine dioxide via branching pathways. The stoichiometry of the reaction can be described as a linear combination of two limiting stoichiometries under our experimental conditions. Detailed initial rate studies have clearly revealed that the formal kinetic orders of hydrogen ion, chlorite ion, and periodate ion are all strictly one, establishing an empirical rate law to be d[ClO2]/dt = kobs[ClO2(-)][IO4(-)][H(+)], where the apparent rate coefficient (kobs) was found to be 70 ± 13 M(-2) s(-1). On the basis of the experiments, a simple four-step kinetic model with three fitted kinetic parameters is proposed by nonlinear parameter estimation. The reaction was found to proceed via a parallel oxygen transfer reaction leading to the exclusive formation of chlorate and iodate as well as via the formation of a short-lived key intermediate OClOIO3 followed by its further transformations by a sequence of branching pathways.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several amide-AlCl3-based ionic liquid (IL) analogues were synthesized through a one-step method using three different structure amides as donor molecules. The effects of the steric and inductive effects of the methyl group substituted on the N atom on the asymmetric splitting of AlCl3 and the coordination site of the amide were investigated by (27)Al NMR, Raman, in situ IR, and UV-vis spectra for these IL analogues. Bidentate coordination through both the O and N atoms was dominant in the N-methylacetamide-AlCl3- and N,N-dimethylacetamide-AlCl3-based IL analogues because of the inductive effect of the methyl group. By contrast, the acetamide-AlCl3-based IL analogue presented mainly in the form of monodentate coordination via the O atom. Compared with monodentate coordination, bidentate coordination was favorable to the asymmetric splitting of AlCl3 with the same amide-AlCl3 molar ratio. Under the influence of the steric and inductive effects of the methyl group, the ionic species percentages in these IL analogues ranked in the following order: N-methylacetamide > N,N-dimethylacetamide > acetamide.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new series of platinum iodates, namely, α-(H3O)2Pt(IO3)6, β-(H3O)2Pt(IO3)6, and A2Pt(IO3)6 (A = Na, K, Rb, Cs), have been synthesized. Interestingly, among these six stoichiometrically identical compounds, α-(H3O)2Pt(IO3)6 is polar, whereas other compounds are nonpolar and centrosymmetric. They all consist of zero-dimensional [Pt(IO3)6](2-) molecular units separated by H3O(+) or A(+) cations. All of the lone electron pairs of the IO3(-) groups are aligned and almost point to one direction for α-(H3O)2Pt(IO3)6, whereas IO3(-) groups are located trans to each other in other compounds. The material, α-(H3O)2Pt(IO3)6, exhibits very strong second harmonic generation (SHG) effects, approximately 1.2 × KTiOPO4 (KTP), and is phase-matchable. Thermogravimetric analysis, elemental analysis, infrared spectra, UV-vis spectra, nonlinear optical properties, and theoretical calculations are also reported.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The [Mn12O12(O2CR)16(L4)] family (R = various; L = terminal ligand) of clusters holds a special place in molecular magnetism; they are the most well-studied single-molecule magnets (SMMs). Targeted linkage of these SMMs has now been achieved for the first time. The resulting chain structures have been confirmed crystallographically, and the magnetic properties, up to 1.14 GPa, and high-field electron paramagnetic resonance spectra have been collected and analyzed.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Three compounds associating for the first time polyoxotungstates, bisphosphonates, and copper ions were structurally characterized. They consist in heteropolyanionic monodimensional materials where [Cu6(Ale)4(H2O)4](4-) (Ale = alendronate = [O3PC(O)(C3H6NH3)PO3](4-)) complexes alternate with polyoxometalate (POM) units. In Na12[{SiW9O34Cu3(Ale)(H2O)}{Cu6(Ale)4(H2O)4}]·50H2O (SiW9CuAle), the polyoxometalate core consists in a {SiW9Cu3} monomer capped by a pentacoordinated Ale ligand, while sandwich-type Keggin {(SbW9O33)2Cu3(H2O)2.5Cl0.5} and Dawson {(P2W15O56)2Cu4(H2O)2} complexes are found in Na8Li29[{(SbW9O33)2Cu3(H2O)2.5Cl0.5}2{Cu6(Ale)4(H2O)4}3]·163H2O (SbW9CuAle) and Na20[{(P2W15O56)2Cu4(H2O)2}{Cu6(Ale)4(H2O)4}]·50H2O (P2W15CuAle), respectively. A comparative magnetic study of the SiW9CuAle and SbW9CuAle compounds enabled full quantification of the Cu(II) superexchange interactions both for the POM and non-POM subunits, evidencing that, while the paramagnetic centers are anti-ferromagnetically coupled in the polyoxometalate units, both anti-ferromagnetic and ferromagnetic interactions coexist in the {Cu6(Ale)4(H2O)4} cluster. All the studied compounds present a good efficiency upon the reduction of HNO2 or NO2(-), the POM acting as a catalyst. However, it has been found that SbW9CuAle is inactive toward the reduction of nitrates, highlighting that both the {(SbW9O33)2Cu3} unit and the {Cu6(Ale)4(H2O)4} cluster do not act as electrocatalysts for this reaction. In contrast, SiW9CuAle and P2W15CuAle have shown a significant activity upon the reduction of NO3(-) and thus both at pH 1 and pH 5, evidencing that the chemical nature of the polyoxometalate is a crucial parameter even if it acts as precatalyst. Moreover, comparison of the activities of P2W15CuAle and [(P2W15O56)2Cu4(H2O)2](16-) evidenced that if the [Cu6(Ale)4(H2O)4](4-) cluster does not act as electrocatalyst, it acts as a cofactor, significantly enhancing the catalytic efficiency of the active POM.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of X in ambiphilic compounds BiX(o-PPh2-C6H4)2, PBiP-X, on metallophilic Pt-Bi interactions in its PtCl2 complexes two new derivatives PBiP-Me and PBiP-C6F5 were synthesized. Reaction with dichloro(1,5-cyclooctadiene)platinum(II) led to the platinum(II) complexes [PtCl2(PBiP-Me)], 3, and [PtCl2(PBiP-C6F5)], 4, which together with the halide [PtCl2(PBiP-Cl)], 2, reported previously, establish a series of related PBiP-X complexes differing only in X. This could be complemented by accessing [PtCl2(PBiP-OTf)], 5, through the reaction of 2 with AgOTf. Analysis of the geometrical and electronic structures of these complexes revealed that in all cases the platinum(II) centers act as donors (through their filled dz(2) orbitals) to the bismuth(III) centers (possessing σ*(Bi-X)/6p acceptor orbitals). The strength of these interactions increases with increasing electron-withdrawing character of X, which supports the conceptual approach in constructing this new class of compounds.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Reaction of [Nb6O19](8-) with H6TeO6 in water gives telluropentaniobate [(OH)TeNb5O18](6-) (1) as single product, which was isolated as Na(+) and mixed Na(+)/K(+) salts. Crystal structures were determined for Na6[(OH)TeNb5O18]·15H2O (Na6-1) and K6Na[Nb5.5{Te(OH)}0.5O18.5]·26H2O (K6Na-1). Formation of 1 was monitored with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and (125)Te NMR techniques. Capillary electrophoresis was used to calculate electrophoretic mobilities and radii of the anionic species in solutions of [(OH)TeNb5O18](6-) and [Nb6O19](8-) in borate buffer. No condensation or degradation products were detected. Reactions of 1 with {Cp*Rh}(2+) sources gives 1:1 and 2:1 hybrid polyoxometalate, which are present in solution as a mixture of isomers, as detected by (125)Te NMR. The isomerism is related to various possibilities of coordination of {Cp*Rh}(2+) to different {M3O3} faces, relative to the unique Te atom. According to ESI-MS experiments in water and methanol, rapid redistribution of the organometallic fragments between the 1:1 and 2:1 complexes takes place. The 1:1 complexes are more stable in water, while 2:1 complexes dominate in methanol. X-ray structural analysis of the crystals isolated from 2:1 reaction mixture allowed identification of Na3[{Cp*Rh}2TeNb5O19]·24H2O (Cp*2Rh2-1) with two {Cp*Rh}(2+) fragments capping the opposing faces of the Lindqvist anion.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The assembly of a fluorescent dicarboxylate ligand with a barium ion resulted in the formation of a 3D metal-organic framework, Ba5(ADDA)5(EtOH)2(H2O)3·5DMF (UPC-17), based on a 1D rod-shaped secondary building unit. The unprecedented solvent-dependent sensitivities of UPC-17 for the detection of Fe(3+)/Al(3+) ions and 4-nitrophenol with high efficiency were observed for the first time. Significantly, UPC-17 exhibits superior "turn-off" detection for the Fe(3+) ion in methanol and acetone emulsions but shows "turn-on" detection in tetrahydrofuran emulsion. Furthermore, the visible color changes in the detection process make them easy to distinguish by the naked eye, which further increases its application potential.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The iodine-arsenous acid (Roebuck), iodide-iodate (Dushman), and iodate-arsenous acid reactions have been studied simultaneously by a stopped-flow technique by monitoring the absorbance-time profiles at the isosbestic point of the I2/I3(-) system (468 nm). Using the well-accepted rate coefficients of iodine hydrolysis, we have proven that iodine is the kinetically active species of the iodine-arsenous acid reaction. Strong iodide inhibition of this system is explained by a rapidly established equilibrium between iodine and arsenous acid to produce an iodide ion, a hydrogen ion, and a short-lived intermediate H2AsO3I, which is shifted far to the left. Taking into consideration the generally accepted kinetic model of the Dushman reaction where I2O2 plays a key role to account for all of the most important observations in this subsystem and a sequence of simple formal oxygen-transfer reactions between arsenous acid and iodic acid as well as iodous acid and hypoiodous acid, we propose a 13-step comprehensive kinetic model, including seven rapidly established equilibria with only six fitted parameters, that is able to explain all of the most important characteristics of the kinetic curves of all of the title systems both individually and simultaneously.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: (Ga1-xZnx)(N1-xOx) (GZNO) particles with enhanced optical absorption were synthesized by topotactic transformation of Zn(2+)/Ga(3+) layered double hydroxides. This outcome was achieved by suppressing Zn volatilization during nitridation by maintaining a low partial pressure of O2 (pO2). Zn-rich (x > (1)/3) variants of GZNO were achieved and compared to those prepared by conventional ammonoylsis conditions. The optical absorption and structural properties of these samples were compared to those prepared in the absence of O2 by diffuse-reflectance spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction methods. Notably, suppression of Zn volatilization leads to smaller-band-gap materials (2.30 eV for x = 0.42 versus 2.71 eV for x = 0.21) and reduced structural defects. This synthetic route and set of characterizations provide useful structure-property studies of GZNO and potentially other oxynitrides of interest as photocatalysts.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Single crystals of Pr2Fe4-xCoxSb5 (1 < x < 2.5) were grown from a Bi flux and characterized by X-ray diffraction. The compounds adopt the La2Fe4Sb5 structure type (I4/mmm). The structure of Pr2Fe4-xCoxSb5 (1 < x < 2.5) contains a network of transition metals forming isosceles triangles. The x ∼ 1 analogue is metallic and exhibits a magnetic transition at T1 ≈ 25 K. The magnetic moment obtained from the Curie-Weiss fit is 11.49(4) μB, which is larger than the spin-only Pr(3+) moment. The x ∼ 2 analogue orders magnetically at T1 ≈ 80 and T2 ≈ 45 K. This is the first case of the substitution of Co into the La2Fe4Sb5 structure type, evidenced by the increased concentration of dopant with decreased lattice parameters coupled with a change in the transition temperature with a change in the cobalt concentration. The added complexity in the magnetic behavior of the x ∼ 1 and 2 analogues indicates that the increased concentration of Co invokes an additional magnetic contribution of the transition metal in the sublattice. Furthermore, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements support the change in the oxidation states of transition metals with increasing cobalt concentration.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel nonorganic wet route for direct synthesis of uniform hexagonal β-NaYF4:Ln(3+) (Ln = Eu, Tb, Ce/Tb, Yb/Er, and Yb/Tm) microcrystals with various morphologies has been developed wherein the intermediate routine cubic-hexagonal (α → β) phase transfer process was avoided. The morphology can be effectively tuned into hexagonal disc, prism, and novel hierarchical architectures by systematically fine manipulating the Na2CO3/F(-) feeding ratio. It has been found that the routine α → β phase transfer for NaYF4 was not detected during the growth, while NaY(CO3)F2 emerged in the initial reaction stage and fast transformed into β-NaYF4 via a novel topotactic transformation behavior. Detailed structural analysis showed that β-NaYF4 preferred the [001] epitaxial growth direction of NaY(CO3)F2 due to the structural matching of [001]NaY(CO3)F2//[0001]β-NaYF4. Besides, the potential application of the as-prepared products as phosphors is emphasized by demonstrating multicolor emissions including downconversion, upconversion, and energy transfer (Ce-Tb) process by lanthanides doping.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate the synthesis of a thallium scandate, TlScO3, under high-pressure (6-7.7 GPa) and high-temperature (1373-1773 K) conditions. At 6 GPa, a LiNbO3-type phase appears in a narrow temperature range and in mixtures with other phases. At 7.7 GPa and 1673 K, a new LiNbO3-type oxide is found with a composition of (Tl1-xScx)ScO3 and x ≈ 0.26 as determined by structural analysis from X-ray powder diffraction data. It crystallizes in space group R3c (No. 161) with lattice parameters of a = 5.50283(7) Å and c = 14.4606(2) Å. It is stable at least up to 800 K at ambient pressure. The point-charge model gives an electric polarization of 60 μC/cm(2). First-principles calculations show that centrosymmetric ilmenite-type and polar LiNbO3-type structures of stoichiometric TlScO3 have almost the same lowest energy, and the next stable structure is a GdFeO3-type perovskite structure.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tungsten imido complexes bearing a redox-active ligand, such as N,N'-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-1,4-diaza-2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene (L1), N,N'-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene (L2), and 1,2-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene (L3), were prepared by salt-free reduction of W(═NC6H3-2,6-(i)Pr2)Cl4 (1) using 1-methyl-3,6-bis(trimethylsilyl)-1,4-cyclohexadiene (MBTCD) followed by addition of the corresponding redox-active ligands. In the initial stage, reaction of W(═NC6H3-2,6-(i)Pr2)Cl4 with MBTCD afforded a tetranuclear W(V) imido cluster, [W(═NC6H3-2,6-(i)Pr2)Cl3]4 (2), which served as a unique precursor for introducing redox-active ligands to the tungsten center to give the corresponding mononuclear complexes with a general formula of W(═NC6H3-2,6-(i)Pr2)Cl3(L) (3, L = L1; 4, L = L2; and 6, L = L3). X-ray analyses of complexes 3 and 6 revealed a neutral coordination mode of L1 and L3 to the tungsten in solid state, while the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of 3 and 4 clarified that a radical was predominantly located on the tungsten center supported by neutral L1 or L2, and the EPR spectra of complex 6 indicated that a radical was delocalized over both the tungsten center and the monoanionic redox-active ligand L3.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: By introducing CO2 as the oxygen source during the arcing process, a new isomer of Sc2O@C82, Sc2O@C3v(8)-C82, previously investigated only by computational studies, was discovered and characterized by mass spectrometry, UV-vis-NIR absorption spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, (45)Sc NMR, density functional theory (DFT) calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystallographic analysis unambiguously elucidated that the cage symmetry was assigned to C3v(8) and suggests that Sc2O cluster is disordered inside the cage. The comparative studies of crystallographic data further reveal that the Sc1-O-Sc2 angle is in the range of 131.0-148.9°, much larger than that of the Sc2S@C3v(8)-C82, demonstrating a significant flexibility of dimetallic clusters inside the cages. The electrochemical studies show that the electrochemical gap of Sc2O@C3v(8)-C82 is 1.71 eV, the largest among those of the oxide cluster fullerenes (OCFs) reported so far, well correlated with its rich abundance in the reaction mixture of OCF synthesis. Moreover, the comparative electrochemical studies suggest that both the dimetallic clusters and the cage structures have major influences on the electronic structures of the cluster fullerenes. Computational studies show that the cluster can rotate and change the Sc-O-Sc angle easily at rather low temperature.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Consecutive thermochromic lattice distortional and spin crossover equilibria in solid-state Ni(detu)4Cl2 (detu = N,N'-diethylthiourea) are investigated by variable-temperature X-ray crystallography (173-333 K), DFT calculations, and differential scanning calorimetry. Thermochromism and anomalous magnetism were reported previously (S. L. Holt, Jr., et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1964, 86, 519-520); the latter was attributed to equilibration of a singlet ground state and a thermally accessible triplet state, but structural data were not obtained. A crystal structure at 173(2) K revealed [Ni(detu)4](2+) centers with distorted planar ligation of nickel(II) to the four sulfur atoms, with an average Ni-S bond length of 2.226(3) Å. The nickel ion was displaced out-of-plane by 0.334 Å toward a proximal apical chloride at a nonbonding distance of 3.134(1) Å. Asymmetry in the trans S-Ni-S angles was coupled to a monoclinic ↔ tetragonal lattice distortion (T1/2 = 254 ± 11 K), resulting in thermochromism. Spin crossover occurs by tetragonal modulation of nickel(II) with approach of the proximal chloride at higher temperatures (T1/2 = 383 ± 18 K), which is consistent with a contraction of -0.096(4) Å in the Ni···Cl separation observed at 293 K. A high-spin (S = 1) square-pyramidal [Ni(dmtu)4Cl](+) model (dmtu = N,N'-dimethylthiourea) was optimized by DFT calculations, which estimated limiting equatorial Ni-S bond lengths of 2.45 Å and an apical Ni-Cl bond of 2.43 Å. Electronic spectra of the spin isomers were calculated by TD-DFT methods. Assignment of the FTIR spectrum was assisted by frequency calculations and isotope substitution.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Reaction of Na[η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr] with W(CO)6 in refluxing THF for 4 days generates a solution of Na[(η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr)W(CO)3] that when treated with N-methyl-N-nitroso-p-toluenesulfonamide at ambient temperatures affords (η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr)W(NO)(CO)2 (1) that is isolable in good yield as an analytically pure orange oil. Treatment of 1 with an equimolar amount of I2 in Et2O at ambient temperatures affords (η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr)W(NO)I2 (2) as a dark brown solid in excellent yield. Sequential treatment at low temperatures of 2 with 0.5 equiv of Mg(CH2CMe3)2 and Mg(CH2CH═CMe2)2 in Et2O produces the alkyl allyl complex, (η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr)W(NO)(CH2CMe3)(η(3)-CH2CHCMe2) (3), as a thermally sensitive yellow liquid. Complex 3 may also be synthesized, albeit in low yield, in one vessel at low temperatures by reacting 1 first with 1 equiv of PCl5 and then with the binary magnesium reagents specified above. Interestingly, similar treatment of 1 in Et2O with PCl5 and only 0.5 equiv of Mg(CH2CH═CMe2)2 results in the formation of the unusual complex (η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr)W(NO)(PCl2CMe2CH═CH2)Cl2 (4), which probably is formed via a metathesis reaction of the binary magnesium reagent with (η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr)W(NO)(PCl3)Cl2. The C-D activation of C6D6 by complex 3 has been investigated and compared to that exhibited by its η(5)-C5Me5, η(5)-C5Me4H, and η(5)-C5Me4(n)Pr analogues. Kinetic analyses of the various activations have established that the presence of the η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr ligand significantly increases the rate of the reaction, an outcome that can be attributed to a combination of steric and electronic factors. In addition, mechanistic studies have established that in solution 3 loses neopentane under ambient conditions to generate exclusively the 16e η(2)-diene intermediate complex (η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr)W(NO)(η(2)-CH2═CMeCH═CH2), which then effects the subsequent C-D activations. This behavior contrasts with that exhibited by the η(5)-C5Me5 analogue of 3 which forms both η(2)-diene and η(2)-allene intermediates upon thermolysis. Sixteen-electron (η(5)-C5H4(i)Pr)W(NO)(η(2)-CH2═CMeCH═CH2) has been isolated as its 18e PMe3 adduct. All new organometallic complexes have been characterized by conventional spectroscopic and analytical methods, and the solid-state molecular structures of two of them have been established by single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analyses.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Inorganic Chemistry