The Pharmacogenomics Journal (PHARMACOGENOMICS J)

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

Journal description

The Pharmacogenomics Journal is dedicated to the publication of original research and reviews on pharmacogenomics and its clinical applications. Topics covered include: identification of novel genomic targets for drug development, clinical applications of genomic science, potential benefits of pharmacogenomics, effects of genetic variability on drug toxicity and efficacy, pharmacokinetic variation and drug toxicity, pharmacodynamic variation and drug efficacy plus, the integration of new developments in the genome project and proteomics into clinical medicine, pharmacology, and therapeutics.

Current impact factor: 4.23

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 4.229
2013 Impact Factor 5.513
2012 Impact Factor 5.134
2011 Impact Factor 4.536
2010 Impact Factor 4.306
2009 Impact Factor 4.398
2008 Impact Factor 5.435
2007 Impact Factor 4.968
2006 Impact Factor 3.957
2005 Impact Factor 3.989

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 4.11
Cited half-life 5.30
Immediacy index 1.06
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.21
Website Pharmacogenomics Journal, The website
Other titles Pharmacogenomics journal (Online)
ISSN 1470-269X
OCLC 49965587
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Nature Publishing Group

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 6 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Authors retain copyright
    • Published source must be acknowledged and DOI cited
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's personal website and institutional repository
    • If funding agency rules apply, authors may post authors version to their relevant funding body's archive, 6 months after publication
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Nature Publishing Group'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Respiratory depression (RD) is a serious side effect of morphine and detrimental to effective analgesia. We reported that variants of the ATP binding cassette gene ABCC3 (facilitates hepatic morphine metabolite efflux) affect morphine metabolite clearance. In this study of 316 children undergoing tonsillectomy, we found significant association between ABCC3 variants and RD leading to prolonged postoperative care unit stay (prolonged RD). Allele A at rs4148412 and allele G at rs729923 caused a 2.36 (95% CI=1.28–4.37, P=0.0061) and 3.7 (95% CI 1.47–9.09, P=0.0050) times increase in odds of prolonged RD, respectively. These clinical associations were supported by increased formation clearance of morphine glucuronides in children with rs4148412 AA and rs4973665 CC genotypes in this cohort, as well as an independent spine surgical cohort of 67 adolescents. This is the first study to report association of ABCC3 variants with opioid-related RD, and morphine metabolite formation (in two independent surgical cohorts).
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Many patients fail to achieve the recommended serum urate (SU) target (<6 mgdl−1) with allopurinol. The aim of our study was to examine the association of ABCG2 with SU target in response to standard doses of allopurinol using a cohort with confirmed adherence. Good response was defined as SU<6 mgdl−1 on allopurinol 300 mgd−1 and poor response as SU6 mgdl−1 despite allopurinol >300 mgd−1. Adherence was confirmed by oxypurinol concentrations. ABCG2 genotyping was performed using pre-designed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) TaqMan assays. Of 264 patients, 120 were good responders, 68 were poor responders and 76 were either non-adherent or could not be classified. The minor allele of ABCG2 SNP rs2231142 conferred a significantly increased risk of poor response to allopurinol (odds ratio=2.71 (1.70–4.48), P=6.0 × 10−5). This association remained significant after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, ethnicity, estimated glomerular filtration rate, diuretic use and SU off urate-lowering therapy. ABCG2 rs2231142 predicts poor response to allopurinol, as defined by SU6 mgdl−1 despite allopurinol >300 mgd−1.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Advancements in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies are generating a vast amount of data. This exacerbates the current challenge of translating NGS data into actionable clinical interpretations. We have comprehensively combined germline and somatic nonsynonymous single-nucleotide variations (nsSNVs) that affect drug binding sites in order to investigate their prevalence. The integrated data thus generated in conjunction with exome or whole-genome sequencing can be used to identify patients who may not respond to a specific drug because of alterations in drug binding efficacy due to nsSNVs in the target protein's gene. To identify the nsSNVs that may affect drug binding, protein-drug complex structures were retrieved from Protein Data Bank (PDB) followed by identification of amino acids in the protein-drug binding sites using an occluded surface method. Then, the germline and somatic mutations were mapped to these amino acids to identify which of these alter protein-drug binding sites. Using this method we identified 12 993 amino acid-drug binding sites across 253 unique proteins bound to 235 unique drugs. The integration of amino acid-drug binding sites data with both germline and somatic nsSNVs data sets revealed 3133 nsSNVs affecting amino acid-drug binding sites. In addition, a comprehensive drug target discovery was conducted based on protein structure similarity and conservation of amino acid-drug binding sites. Using this method, 81 paralogs were identified that could serve as alternative drug targets. In addition, non-human mammalian proteins bound to drugs were used to identify 142 homologs in humans that can potentially bind to drugs. In the current protein-drug pairs that contain somatic mutations within their binding site, we identified 85 proteins with significant differential gene expression changes associated with specific cancer types. Information on protein-drug binding predicted drug target proteins and prevalence of both somatic and germline nsSNVs that disrupt these binding sites can provide valuable knowledge for personalized medicine treatment. A web portal is available where nsSNVs from individual patient can be checked by scanning against DrugVar to determine whether any of the SNVs affect the binding of any drug in the database.The Pharmacogenomics Journal advance online publication, 26 January 2016; doi:10.1038/tpj.2015.97.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Glutathione S-transferase (GST) family is involved in a two-stage detoxification process of a wide range of environmental toxins, carcinogen and antiretroviral (ARV) therapy (ART) drugs. The aim of this study is to describe the impact of genetic polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1-313A/G in the risk of ARV-associated hepatotoxicity in HIV-infected individuals and its modulation in hepatotoxic patients. We enrolled a total of 34 patients with hepatotoxicity, 131 HIV-infected individuals without hepatotoxicity under non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor containing ART and 153 unrelated healthy individuals. With a case–control design, polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1-313A/G gene were genotyped by PCR and restriction enzyme-length polymorphism. Genotypes of GSTT1 null were significantly higher in HIV-infected individuals as compared with healthy controls (P=0.01, odds ratio (OR)=1.54). HIV-infected individuals with GSTM1-null genotype showed higher risk (P=0.09, OR=1.37) for hepatotoxicity, but risk was not significant. On evaluating gene–gene interaction models, GSTM1 null and GSTT1 null showed significant association with the risk of hepatotoxicity in HIV-infected individuals (P=0.004, OR=2.67) owing to synergistic effect of these genes. Individuals with GSTT1-null and GSTM1-null genotypes showed higher risk of hepatotoxicity with advanced stage of (CD4<200) of HIV infection (P=0.18, OR=1.39; P=0.63, OR=1.13). In case-only analysis, GSTT1-null genotype among alcohol users showed elevated risk of hepatotoxicity in HIV-infected individuals (P=0.12, OR=1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.94–1.97) as compared with GSTT1 genotypes. The carriers GSTM1-null+GSTT1-null genotype among nevirapine user showed prominent risk of hepatotoxicity in HIV-infected individuals (P=0.12, OR=4.21, 95% CI: 0.60–29.54). Hence, we can conclude that GSTT1-null and GSTM1-null genotypes alone and in combination may predict the acquisition of hepatotoxicity.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Tacrolimus is dependent on CYP3A5 enzyme for metabolism. Expression of the CYP3A5 enzyme is controlled by several alleles including CYP3A5*1, CYP3A5*3, CYP3A5*6 and CYP3A5*7. African Americans (AAs) have on average higher tacrolimus dose requirements than Caucasians; however, some have requirements similar to Caucasians. Studies in AAs have primarily evaluated the CYP3A5*3 variant; however, there are other common nonfunctional variants in AAs (CYP3A5*6 and CYP3A5*7) that do not occur in Caucasians. These variants are associated with lower dose requirements and may explain why some AAs are metabolically similar to Caucasians. We created a tacrolimus clearance model in 354 AAs using a development and validation cohort. Time after transplant, steroid and antiviral use, age and CYP3A5*1, *3, *6 and *7 alleles were significant toward clearance. This study is the first to develop an AA-specific genotype-guided tacrolimus dosing model to personalize therapy.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Lipid-lowering therapy has shown a high degree of variability in clinical response and there is evidence that the variability in drug response between individuals is due to genetic factors. Thirteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the ESR1 gene were evaluated with basal lipid and lipoprotein levels, as well as response to lipid-lowering therapy, in 495 hypercholesterolemic individuals of European descent receiving simvastatin or atorvastatin. Significant associations were detected between rs4870061 (P=0.040, corrected P-value (PC)=0.440), rs1801132 (P=0.002, PC=0.022) and the SNP rs3020314 (P=0.013, PC=0.143) with triglyceride (TG) baseline levels. The rs4870061 was also associated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) baseline levels (P=0.045, PC=0.495). Regarding statin efficacy, rs2234693 C/C was associated with greater HDL-C increase (P=0.037; PC=0.407) and rs3798577 T allele was associated with greater total cholesterol (TC) reduction (P=0.019; PC=0.209) and greater TG reduction (P=0.026; PC=0.286). These associations suggest that ESR1 polymorphisms are in part responsible for the TC, HDL-C and TG variation levels and this effect may be sex-specific.The Pharmacogenomics Journal advance online publication, 25 August 2015; doi:10.1038/tpj.2015.60.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Osteosarcoma patients are commonly treated with high doses of methotrexate (MTX). MTX is an analog of folate, which is essential for DNA synthesis. Genetic polymorphism at single nucleotide can be indicative to the prognostic outcome in patients. Germ-line variants in candidate genes, coding for enzymes active in the metabolism of MTX, were studied in 62 osteosarcoma patients. Patients harboring the GG genotype in reduced folate carrier 1 (RFC1) rs1051266 had significantly better survival in comparison with patients having the AA genotype (P=0.046). These patients also had a lower frequency of metastasis (15%, P=0.029). Also patients homozygous for the G allele of rs1053129 in the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) gene were more likely to have a metastasis (45%, P= 0.005), and the methylenetetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C allele was associated with higher degree of liver toxicity (88%, P=0.007). The study suggests that germ-line variants in the MTX metabolic pathway are associated with survival and side effects in patients treated with MTX.The Pharmacogenomics Journal advance online publication, 17 March 2015; doi:10.1038/tpj.2015.11.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy exerts its effects through generating DNA damage. Hence, genetic variants in DNA repair pathways could modulate treatment response. We used a prospective cohort of 623 colorectal cancer patients with stage II-IV disease treated with adjuvant/palliative chemotherapy to comprehensively investigate 1727 genetic variants in the DNA repair pathways as potential predictive markers for oxaliplatin treatment. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) associations with overall survival and recurrence-free survival were assessed using a Cox regression model. Pathway analysis was performed using the gamma method. Patients carrying variant alleles of rs3783819 (MNAT1) and rs1043953 (XPC) experienced a longer overall survival after treatment with oxaliplatin than patients who did not carry the variant allele, while the opposite association was found in patients who were not treated with oxaliplatin (false discovery rate-adjusted P-values for heterogeneity 0.0047 and 0.0237, respectively). The nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway was found to be most likely associated with overall survival in patients who received oxaliplatin (P-value=0.002). Our data show that genetic variants in the NER pathway are potentially predictive of treatment response to oxaliplatin.The Pharmacogenomics Journal advance online publication, 17 March 2015; doi:10.1038/tpj.2015.8.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the CYP3A5 and ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) single-nucleotide polymorphisms on the disposition of sunitinib and SU12662, on clinical response, and on the manifestation of toxicities in Asian metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients. At week 4 of each treatment cycle, toxicities and plasma steady-state levels were assessed. Clinical response was assessed after two cycles. Genotyping was performed by using the PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism method. The CC genotype for ABCB1 was associated with a higher sunitinib exposure (76.81 vs 56.55 ng ml(-1), P=0.03), higher risk of all-grade rash (RR 3.00, 95% CI 1.17-7.67) and mucositis (RR 1.60, 95% CI 1.10-2.34) and disease progression than compared with the CT/TT genotype. There was a lack of association observed between the CYP3A5 polymorphism and exposure, response and toxicities. The polymorphism of ABCB1 (C3435T) has an important role in the manifestation of toxicities and drug exposure, but not polymorphism of CYP3A5.The Pharmacogenomics Journal advance online publication, 17 March 2015; doi:10.1038/tpj.2015.13.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Pharmacogenomics Journal