Environmental Practice

Publisher: National Association of Environmental Professionals, Cambridge University Press (CUP)

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Other titles Environmental practice (Online), Journal of the National Association of Environmental Professionals
ISSN 1466-0474
OCLC 52157758
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Cambridge University Press (CUP)

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    • Publisher last reviewed on 09/10/2014
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) have made dramatic technical advances in the past decade. Their use domestically is currently tightly constrained by existing Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations. Within the next few years, the FAA is expected to provide a regulatory framework that allows for a greatly expanded role for UASs in domestic airspace for a wide variety of applications. One of those will be remote sensing for land and natural resource monitoring. While there has recently been a large body of published research on UAS applications to environmental monitoring, in practice, very little has been operationalized by private or public entities to date. In July 2014, Argonne National Laboratory hosted a workshop dedicated to environmental monitoring UAS applications with attendance by representatives from 11 federal agencies as well as academics. The workshop reviewed the UAS state-of-the-art within the federal arena and barriers to broader UAS use. While a number of agencies, the including National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration, the United States Geological Survey, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Bureau of Land Management have conducted proof-of-concept UAS demonstrations, typically using surplus Department of Defense equipment, the promise of UAS systems at the moment remains untapped for a variety of reasons. The consensus was, however, that UAS systems will play an increasingly important role in cost-effectively supporting timely natural-resource and land-management monitoring needs. Environmental Practice 17: 170–177 (2015)
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Environmental Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Utilizing unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) can be an efficient and repeatable means of surveying wildlife, especially waterbirds. As with any technology in its infancy, case studies offer opportunities to explore drawbacks and limitations, both anticipated and unanticipated. We examined the relationship between flight altitude and camera focal length on bird identification. We then conducted a post-hoc analysis to examine the effect of flight altitude on bird flushing behavior. We flew UAS missions at three locations in California and Nevada to assess the use of UAS for censusing non-nesting waterbirds. A minimum pixel resolution of approximately 5 mm was needed be able to identify most waterbird species from imagery. Sensors needed to be carefully calibrated in order to obtain images of sufficient quality to identify waterbirds over open water. Our results suggest that gas-powered UAS may result in increased rates of flushing at low flight altitudes for some waterbirds. With careful design of surveys and processing workflow, UAS show promise for censusing and monitoring waterbirds. Environmental Practice 17: 201–210 (2015)
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Environmental Practice
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    ABSTRACT: With the recent rise in merger and acquisition activities among polluting firms, a rigorous study of the complex relationship between environmental variables and merger incentives is very important. While there is a wide array of literature on incentives to merge, the following questions have not yet been satisfactorily resolved: Could environmental policies alter the incentive to acquire or merge with other firms in the industry? Could antitrust policies be improved to consider environmental externalities? Could huge mergers in polluting sectors possibly have a say in environmental policy making?
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Environmental Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last 30 years China has enjoyed economic growth averaging about 10% of gross domestic product (GDP) per year. But this economic growth has come at a high environmental cost. In China approximately 750,000 premature deaths a year are attributed to high levels of environmental pollution. With the recent 12th Five Year Plan (FYP) China's leadership announced the launching of a green revolution that would balance the need for robust economic growth with concern for the environment and combating climate change. This paper utilizes a rent-seeking framework to explore some of the obstacles inhibiting more environmentally sustainable policies in China. We describe the situation as a struggle over the proper aligning of the individual actor's behavior within an opportunistic governance structure, and we argue that rent seeking and corruption creates substantial hurdles to promoting green environmental practices and programs.Environmental Practice 15:240–252 (2013)
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Environmental Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Serious environmental pollution incidents happen in China every year. However, only a few of them have been filed as environmental pollution criminal cases. We argue in this paper that the main reason is because the environmental administrative agencies often refuse to transfer the suspected environmental pollution criminal cases to the judicial authorities. Therefore, it's critical to better supervise the transfer of cases from the environmental administrative agencies, in order to ensure the implementation of the criminal laws and regulations, as well as to pressing criminal charges on the suspects instead of having them get away with administrative penalties. The supervision mechanisms include at least the interior supervision by other administrative agencies and the exterior supervision by the general public. An effectively functioning environmental criminal law system is very important for environmental protection and rule of law in China.Environmental Practice 15:271–279 (2013)
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Environmental Practice
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    ABSTRACT: This article analyzes the historical dynamics of the relationship between China and the European Union (EU) in global climate governance. The evolution of this relationship is traced through three time periods: the early days of the United Nations (UN) climate regime (1992–2001), the road to the Copenhagen summit (2001–2009) and the post-Copenhagen phase with the launch of the Durban Platform (2009-present). The contribution aims to expose two of the major structural changes that define current global climate governance dynamics, i.e., globalization and the rise of China, and identify key challenges for an increased collaboration between China and the EU. It is concluded that the EU and China are gradually emerging as strategic partners in global climate governance, but that severe uncertainties regarding the future of the climate regime persist. In order to translate practical bilateral cooperation into more tangible outcomes in the multilateral sphere, a fine balance will have to be struck between traditional Chinese sensitivities regarding sovereignty and economic development, and the EU's desire for an international agreement with ambitious mitigation targets.Environmental Practice 15:190–200 (2013)
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Environmental Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Chinese environmental law in the 21st century continues to evolve in legislation, enforcement, higher education, and academic research. This article summarizes the general development of Chinese environmental law and reviews the new policy of a five-type society; new legislation and amendments; policies on energy conservation, emission reduction, and climate change; the establishment of the Ministry of Environmental Protection; the attempt at environmental courts; the first case of environmental public interest litigation; environmental protection; nongovernmental organizations; and higher education and academic research on environmental law.Environmental Practice 15:339–349 (2013)
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Environmental Practice

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Environmental Practice
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    ABSTRACT: This report focuses on the current state of debate surrounding environmental goods negotiations under the World Trade Organization in the context of Chinese exports and imports. The report also examines some recent proposals (in United States and European Union) that called for increased trade barriers against imports from nations that have less stringent carbon policies and then draws implications for China.Environmental Practice 15:313–322 (2013)
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Environmental Practice