Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology (Jpn J Clin Oncol)

Publisher: Foundation for Promotion of Cancer Research, Oxford University Press (OUP)

Journal description

JJCO publishes original articles, reviews, case reports and epidemiological notes. Its main scope is to publish clinical research on cancer. It puts emphasis on publishing case reports and clinical investigations with various clinical implications.

Current impact factor: 2.02

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.016
2013 Impact Factor 1.747
2012 Impact Factor 1.898
2011 Impact Factor 1.783
2010 Impact Factor 1.856
2009 Impact Factor 1.498
2008 Impact Factor 1.405
2007 Impact Factor 1.269
2006 Impact Factor 1.376
2005 Impact Factor 1.316
2004 Impact Factor 0.96
2003 Impact Factor 0.799
2002 Impact Factor 0.691
2001 Impact Factor 0.591
2000 Impact Factor 0.786
1999 Impact Factor 0.728
1998 Impact Factor 0.728
1997 Impact Factor 0.359
1996 Impact Factor 0.472
1995 Impact Factor 0.462
1994 Impact Factor 0.485
1993 Impact Factor 0.331
1992 Impact Factor 0.297

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 2.04
Cited half-life 6.00
Immediacy index 0.25
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.56
Website Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology website
Other titles Japanese journal of clinical oncology (Online), Japanese journal of clinical oncology, JJCO
ISSN 1465-3621
OCLC 49372166
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Oxford University Press (OUP)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 6 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print can only be posted prior to acceptance
    • Pre-print must be accompanied by set statement (see link)
    • Pre-print must not be replaced with post-print, instead a link to published version with amended set statement should be made
    • Pre-print on author's personal website, employer website, free public server or pre-prints in subject area
    • Post-print in Institutional repositories and Central repositories
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany archived copy (see policy)
    • Eligible authors may deposit in OpenDepot
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Oxford University Press (OUP)'
  • Classification
    yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Deoxyribonucleic acid methylation is an important epigenetic modification that is frequently altered in cancer. Recent reports showed that the level of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine was altered in various types of cancers. The influence of deoxyribonucleic acid methylation in cervical squamous cell carcinoma is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated 5-hydroxymethylcytosine and ten-eleven translocation expression in cervical squamous cell carcinoma and whether they are associated with poor survival in cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: We detected the expression of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, 5-methylcytosine and TET1/2/3 in 140 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma and 40 patients with normal cervical tissues by immunohistochemistry. We assessed the prognostic values of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, 5-methylcytosine and TET2 in the clinical outcome of cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Results: Expression of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine was significantly decreased in cervical squamous cell carcinoma compared with normal cervix tissues. In contrast, 5-methylcytosine expression was significantly increased in cervical squamous cell carcinoma compared with normal cervix tissues. Moreover, expression of TET2, but not TET1 and TET3, was decreased in cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Our study showed that the decreased level of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine predicts poor prognosis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients. The expression of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine was an independent prognostic factor for both disease-free and overall survival of cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients. Conclusions: In cervical squamous cell carcinoma, less aggressive tumor behavior was correlated with 5-hydroxymethylcytosine and TET2. Our data indicated that 5-hydroxymethylcytosine may become a prognostic marker for cervical squamous cell carcinoma and the decreased expression of TET2 may be an underlying mechanism for decreased 5-hmC in cervical squamous cell carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is important to examine variation in the treatment effects of patients with esophageal cancer in order to generalize treatment outcomes. We aimed to investigate the range of prognostic differences among hospitals in the treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer. The JCOG0303 study compared the efficacy of radiotherapy plus low-dose cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil with that of high-dose cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil for unresectable esophageal cancer. Of 32 institutions participating in the JCOG0303 study, the 18 institutions that enrolled three or more patients were included in this study. We predicted the 1-year survival in each institution by using a mixed-effect model. We found that the predicted 1-year survival in the 18 institutions with three or more patients was a median of 60.9%, with a range of 60.9-60.9%. This study is the first to investigated heterogeneity of survival in patients who received definitive chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 plays an important role in tumor progression including cell cycle, proliferation, apoptosis and chemoresistance. However, the expression of ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 in colorectal cancer and its significance are still unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 in colorectal cancer. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 in 155 colorectal cancer and 30 matched adjacent noncancerous tissues. The correlation of ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 expression with clinicopathological variables was assessed using chi-square test. Patient survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests. Cox regression was performed for the multivariate analysis of prognostic factors. Results: High expression of ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 was detected in 58.1% of the colorectal cancers and was significantly associated with advanced tumor-node-metastasis stage (P = 0.044), poor differentiation (P = 0.028), deep infiltration (P < 0.001), lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.006), lymph node metastasis (P = 0.024) and recurrence (P = 0.022). Patients with high ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 expression had significantly poorer overall survival and disease-free survival (both P < 0.001) when compared with patients with low expression of ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2. The multivariate analysis showed that ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 was an independent factor for both overall survival (P = 0.003; hazard ratio (HR): 2.356; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.335-4.158) and disease-free survival (P = 0.001; HR: 2.643; 95% CI: 1.489-4.693). Conclusions: These results showed that ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 overexpression was associated with progression and prognosis of colorectal cancer.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The upper gastrointestinal characteristics in Japanese familial adenomatous polyposis patients have not yet been clarified. The aim of the present study was to elucidate these characteristics in Japanese familial adenomatous polyposis patients. Methods: This study was conducted by the study group for familial adenomatous polyposis in the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum. Familial adenomatous polyposis patients who underwent surgical resection from 2000 to 2012 were included in the study. Results: In total, 303 familial adenomatous polyposis patients were enrolled, with 265 cases of classical familial adenomatous polyposis (≥100 adenomas) and 38 cases of attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis (<100 adenomas). Fundic gland polyps were significantly more common in classical familial adenomatous polyposis than in attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis; however, gastric cancer was significantly less common in classical familial adenomatous polyposis than in attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis. Gastric cancer and duodenal adenoma were significantly more common in familial adenomatous polyposis patients with gastric adenoma than in those without gastric adenoma. Duodenal cancer was detected in 7 of 72 familial adenomatous polyposis patients with duodenal adenoma. The median tumour risk in 50-year-old familial adenomatous polyposis patients was 55.3, 21.8, 3.8, 39.2 and 7.7% for fundic gland polyp, gastric adenoma, gastric cancer, duodenal adenoma and duodenal cancer, respectively. Conclusions: Upper gastrointestinal tumours/polyps were frequently found in familial adenomatous polyposis patients, and their incidences were correlated; however, the frequency of gastric cancer in Japanese familial adenomatous polyposis patients was similar to that in the general population.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The successful use of immune checkpoint inhibitors has been big breakthrough in the development of cancer immunotherapy. Anti-CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody, ipilimumab, is the first-approved immune checkpoint inhibitor and has shown durable objective responses for advanced melanoma beyond the effect of dacarbazine. Anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibodies, nivolumab and pembrolizumab, are other immune checkpoint inhibitors that have demonstrated more effective results than conventional drugs in clinical trials for a variety of advanced solid tumors including melanoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma and renal carcinoma. These studies have indicated that the enhancement of anti-cancer immunity by controlling the immune suppressive environment in cancer tissues is an important issue for the development of cancer immune-therapy. Accordingly, in recent years, the enthusiasm for research of cancer immunology has shifted to studies regarding the formation of the immune suppressive environment, immune suppression mechanisms in cancer tissues and the molecules and cells involved in these pathways. Novel findings from these studies might lead to the development of cancer immunotherapy based on control of the immune suppressive environment.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of the study was to establish an effective prognostic nomogram for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after radical esophagectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy in those previously untreated patients. Methods: The clinicopathological data from 328 patients who underwent radical esophagectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy or not at the Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital between 2006 and 2010 were retrospectively studied. Nomograms which predicted survival of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were established based on the Cox proportional hazards regression model. To determine its predictive accuracy and discriminatory capacity, the concordance index and calibration curve were calculated after bootstrapping in the internal validation. An external validation of 76 patients in 2011 was prospectively studied at the same institution. To verify the performance of the nomogram, the comparison between the nomogram and Tumor-Node-Metastasis staging system was conducted. Results: The 5-year overall survival was 43.1% in the primary cohort. Based on multivariate analyses, five independent prognostic variables including gender, tumor length, T stage, N stage and chemotherapy cycles were selected to build the nomograms to predict disease-free survival and overall survival. The concordance index of the nomogram to predict overall survival was 0.71 (95% confidence interval, 0.63-0.79), which was superior to the predictive power of Tumor-Node-Metastasis staging system (0.64) in the primary cohort. Meanwhile, the calibration curve showed good accuracy between predictive and actual overall survival. In the validation cohort, the concordance index (0.77) and calibration plot displayed favorable performances. The other nomogram to predict disease-free survival also performed well. Conclusions: The prognostic nomogram provided individualized risk estimate of survival in patients after esophagectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Intracorporeal reconstruction of the digestive tract is technically challenging. The V-Loc 180 wound closure device (Covidien) is a self-anchoring unidirectional barbed suture that obviates the need for knot tying. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the use of the novel suture in gastrointestinal enterotomy closure. Methods: The subjects comprised patients with malignant disease who were scheduled to undergo laparoscopic gastrectomy with curative intent. The barbed suture was used to close the entry hole for the linear stapler during intracorporeal reconstruction following laparoscopic gastric resection. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who developed anastomotic leakage at the site where the barbed suture was applied. Results: Between July 2012 and March 2015, 242 patients were enrolled. Of 362 anastomoses, the enterotomy hole at 256 sites was closed using the barbed suture. These 256 sites consisted of 95 gastroduodenostomies, 25 gastrogastrostomies, 13 gastrojejunostomies, 90 jejunojejunostomies, 17 esophagojejunostomies and 16 primary closures of the stomach following local gastric resection. There were no anastomosis-related complications, conversion to usual sutures, mechanical closure of the entry hole and reoperation due to adhesive obstructions or mortality over a median follow-up period of 17.8 months. Conclusions: The use of the unidirectional barbed absorbable suture for gastrointestinal closure is safe and effective in laparoscopic gastrectomy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 70-year-old woman with vaginal melanoma and multiple metastases in the lung. After the third dose of nivolumab, decreased room-air resting arterial oxygen saturation with bilateral basal fine crackles on auscultation developed despite the absence of respiratory symptoms. Computed tomography showed ground-glass opacities with airspace consolidations scattered with a peculiar distribution, and most were observed around the existing metastatic tumors in the lung. From the 42nd day to the 56th day after the last administration of nivolumab, she received dexamethasone 1-2 mg/body for the prevention of adverse events after stereotactic radiation for brain metastasis. At 3 months after the last administration of nivolumab, a computed tomography scan revealed improvement of the pneumonia and a decreased size and number of metastatic lesions in the lung, although some lesions showed enlargement. Further examination is needed to clarify the relationship between the pattern of pneumonia after Nivo therapy and clinical effects.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Both bevacizumab and anti-epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) agents (e.g. cetuximab and panitumumab) are sequentially used for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Their co-administration as a first-line treatment does not improve outcome, indicating that there are negative interactions between these agents. A long-term pharmacokinetics study demonstrated serum persistence of bevacizumab following termination of bevacizumab 6 months after the last administration. This prompted us to investigate the impact of short intervals between bevacizumab and anti-EGFR antibody on the efficacy of subsequent anti-EGFR therapy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients with KRAS exon 2 wild-type mCRC who underwent anti-EGFR therapy after the failure of fluoropyrimidines, oxaliplatin and irinotecan. We divided patients into two groups (Group A: the interval between bevacizumab and anti-EGFR agent< 6 months; Group B: the interval >6 months). Results: Of the 114 included patients (median age, 63 years), 78 (68%) were male. Most patients (88%) were treated with cetuximab plus irinotecan. Groups A and B consisted of 74 and 40 patients, respectively. There were no significant differences in patient characteristics. Group B patients had significantly longer progression-free survival (4.2 vs. 6.6 months; HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.43-0.98; P = 0.038) and longer overall survival (11.6 vs. 14.3 months; HR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.41-0.98, P = 0.039). The response rate was 24.3% in Group A and 47.5% in Group B (P = 0.012). Conclusion: A short interval between bevacizumab and anti-EGFR antibody treatment may interfere with the efficacy of subsequent anti-EGFR therapy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: We performed a multicenter Phase IIb clinical trial of NMK36, a novel amino acid analog for positron emission tomography containing trans-1-amino-3-[(18)F]fluorocyclobutanecarboxylic acid, to evaluate its safety and diagnostic performance for primary prostate cancer. Methods: Sixty-eight subjects with primary prostate cancer scheduled for radical prostatectomy or hormone therapy underwent whole-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography after injection of NMK36. The diagnostic performances of NMK36-positron emission tomography/computed tomography were evaluated for (i) regional lymph node metastasis: comparison with contrast-enhanced computed tomography under setting reference standard (histopathology or 6-month follow-up), (ii) bone metastasis: concordance rate with conventional imaging (combination of bone scintigraphy and contrast-enhanced computed tomography) and (iii) primary lesion: comparison with histopathological findings. Results: The accuracy of NMK36-positron emission tomography/computed tomography and contrast-enhanced computed tomography for regional lymph node metastasis were 85.5 and 87.3%, respectively. NMK36-positron emission tomography/computed tomography showed positive findings for regional lymph nodes with short-axis diameters of 5-9 mm at 23 regions in 13 patients of hormone therapy cohort, but they were not confirmed with reference standard in this study. The concordance rate of NMK36-positron emission tomography/computed tomography with conventional imaging for bone metastases was 83.3%, and seven patients had positive findings only by NMK36-positron emission tomography/computed tomography. The sensitivity and specificity of NMK36-positron emission tomography/computed tomography for primary lesion in six-segment analysis was 92.5 and 90.1%, respectively. Seven of non-serious adverse events were observed in six patients. Conclusions: This study showed the comparable diagnostic performance of NMK36-positron emission tomography/computed tomography compared with conventional imaging. Some lesions of lymph node and bone were positive solely by NMK36-positron emission tomography/computed tomography, which needs to be confirmed with reference standard in future study to evaluate the usefulness of NMK36-positron emission tomography/computed tomography in staging prostate cancer.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Today, more and more evidence suggests that Foxk proteins (Foxk1 and Foxk2) work as transcriptional repressors in different kinds of cancer, but whether Foxk1 has a role in mediating tumorigenesis in breast cancer, the evidence is rare. Methods: MCF-7 cells transfected with shFoxk1 displayed a mesenchymal morphology and reduced the expression of E-cadherin, and increased the expression of N-cadherin. Transwell invasion assay and living imaging assay show that the overexpression of Foxk1 could inhibit metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Ribonucleic acid sequencing revealed that the knockdown of Foxk1 resulted in the up-regulation of different oncogenes, which was implicated in metastasis and tumor angiopoiesis. Quantitative chromatin immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation and Luciferase reporter assays suggested that Foxk1 could bind to the promoter of epithelial-mesenchymal transition inducer Twist and vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF. Mass Spectrometry, co-immunoprecipitation assays and glutathione-S-transferase pull-down assay detected that Foxk1 was physically associated with Ten-eleven translocation 1, TET1, in vivo and in vitro. Results: We reported that the mean expression level of Foxk1 in breast cancer was significantly lower than the adjacent noncarcinoma tissue. The higher Foxk1 expression was associated with better prognosis. Endothelial tube formation assays indicated that Foxk1 might regulate breast cancer angiogenesis through transcriptional repression of vascular endothelial growth factor. Furthermore, in vivo magnetic resonance imaging revealed the overexpression of Foxk1 could enhance the detection of the tumors. Further, a strong negative correlation was observed between Foxk1 and Twsit or between Foxk1 and vascular endothelial growth factor, and the higher Foxk1 expression is correlated with better over all survivals and better relapse-free survivals. Conclusions: Together, our data indicated the function of Foxk1 as a tumor suppressor in facilitating angiogenesis and metastasis in breast cancer.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Germline deletion of the 3′ portion of the Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule (EPCAM) gene located 5′ upstream of MutS Homolog 2 (MSH2) is a novel mechanism for its inactivation in Lynch syndrome. However, its contribution in Japanese Lynch syndrome patients is poorly understood. Moreover, somatic events inactivating the remaining allele of MSH2 in cancer tissue have not been elucidated in Lynch syndrome patients with such EPCAM deletions. We identified a Japanese Lynch syndrome patient with colon cancer who evidenced germline deletion of a 4130 bp fragment of EPCAM encompassing exons 8 and 9 (c.859-672_*2170del). In normal colonic mucosa, two known fusion-transcripts of EPCAM/MSH2 generated from the rearranged gene were observed and heterozygous methylation of the MSH2 gene promoter was detected. In cancer tissue, dense methylation of MSH2 was observed and MLPA analysis demonstrated somatic deletion of the remaining EPCAM allele including exon 9, indicating that somatic deletion of EPCAM is responsible for complete inactivation of MSH2.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: There is no standard second-line chemotherapy after progression on first-line therapy including gemcitabine and platinum combination in advanced gall bladder cancer patients. So this study was undertaken to assess the efficacy and safety of FOLFOX-4 regimen in this setting. Methods: In this observational study, patients with performance status ≤2, who progressed on first-line therapy, were enrolled from May 2010 to June 2014. FOLFOX-4 based treatment was administered until progression, unacceptable toxicity or up to 12 cycles. Results: A total of 66 patients were enrolled in this study. The median age of patients was 52.5 years (32-66 years),of which 24 (36.36%) were males and 42 (63.63%) were females. The median number of cycles could be given were 9.5 (2-12). Only 43.93% patients in this study completed full 12 cycles of chemotherapy. Sixteen patients (24.24%) in this study required the dose reduction at least in one cycle of chemotherapy due to toxicities. Disease control rate was seen in 39 (59.09%) patients, with complete response in none, partial response in 16 (24.24%), stable disease in 23 (34.84%) and progressive disease in 27 (40.90%) patients. The median progression free survival was 3.9 months; median overall survival was 7.6 months. The main Grade 3/4 side effects seen were hematological in 31.81% (n = 21) and gastrointestinal in 25.75% (n = 17) patients. Majority of patients (46%) had Grade 1/2 peripheral neuropathy. Conclusions: FOLFOX-4 is an effective and well-tolerated regimen as a second-line treatment in advanced gall bladder cancer patients. Further studies are required, especially in the Indian subcontinent.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: It is known that depression and anxiety occur more frequently in pancreatic cancer patients than in those with other malignancies. However, few studies have assessed depression and anxiety using reliable psychiatric diagnostic tools. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety among pancreatic cancer patients before and 1 month after the start of anticancer treatment using reliable psychiatric diagnostic tools, and to identify factors that predict their occurrence. Methods: Pancreatic cancer patients were consecutively recruited. Structured clinical interviews were used to determine the presence of affective disorders, anxiety disorders and adjustment disorders. Baseline interviews were performed prior to initiation of anticancer treatment, while follow-up interviews were performed 1 month after treatment was started. Medical, demographic and psychosocial backgrounds were also assessed as predictive factors. Results: One hundred and ten patients participated in the baseline interview and 91 in the follow-up interview. Depression and anxiety were observed in 15 patients (13.6%) at the baseline, and 15 patients (16.5%) at the follow-up. Lack of confidants was associated with depression and anxiety at the baseline. At the baseline, sadness, lower Karnofsky Performance Status and prior experience with the death of a family member due to cancer predicted newly diagnosed depression and anxiety at the follow-up. Conclusion: A considerable percentage of pancreatic cancer patients experienced depression and anxiety. Multidimensional psychosocial predictive factors were found and optimal psychological care should incorporate early detection of sadness.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare the long-term clinical outcome of hypopharynx cancer and oropharynx cancer treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Methods: A total of 213 patients with locally advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (n = 79) or oropharygeal squamous cell carcinoma (n = 134) were included. All patients were treated with upfront concurrent chemoradiotherapy between 1995 and 2012. Results: The median overall survival and progression-free survival differed significantly between the two groups (P < 0.05). Overall survival and progression-free survival rates at 3 years were 52% and 42% for hypopharynx cancer, and 75% and 72% for oropharynx cancer, respectively. There was no significant difference in the overall incidence of distant metastases but more locoregional recurrences occurred in patients with hypopharynx cancer compared with those with oropharynx cancer with a statistical significance (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Patients diagnosed with locally advanced hypopharyngeal had relatively poor survival after upfront concurrent chemoradiotherapy. More intensive treatment such as induction chemotherapy before concurrent chemoradiotherapy might be needed to improve survival outcome in this subgroup of patients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Trousseau's syndrome (cancer-associated thrombosis) is the second leading cause of death in cancer patients, after death from cancer itself. The risk of a venous thromboembolism is 4- to 7-fold higher in patients with cancer than in those without cancer. The causes of this impaired coagulation are associated with general patient-related risk factors, and other factors that are specific to the particular cancer or treatment. It is important to assess the risk of thrombotic events in cancer patients and administer effective prophylaxis and treatment. Effective prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism reduces morbidity and mortality, and improves patients' quality of life. Low molecular weight heparin is the first-line treatment for venous thromboembolism, as an effective and safe means for prophylaxis and treatment, according to guidelines released by international scientific societies. Oral anticoagulation therapy with warfarin is preferable to no therapy. However, warfarin has low efficacy and is associated with high rates of recurrence. If low molecular weight heparin is unavailable, some guidelines recommend the use of vitamin K antagonists that have a target international normalized ratio in the range of 2-3, as acceptable alternatives. Novel oral anticoagulants that directly inhibit factor Xa or thrombin are promising for the prophylaxis of high-risk cancer patients and in the long-term treatment of venous thromboembolism. However, to date, there is insufficient evidence to support the use of these new anticoagulants.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since the serrated neoplastic pathway has been regarded as an important pathway of colorectal carcinogenesis, few reports have been published on clinical cases of cancer derived from sessile serrated adenoma/polyp, especially on recurrence after resected sessile serrated adenoma/polyp. An elderly woman underwent endoscopic mucosal resection of a flat elevated lesion, 30 mm in diameter, in the ascending colon; the histopathological diagnosis at that time was a hyperplastic polyp, now known as sessile serrated adenoma/polyp. Five years later, cancer due to the malignant transformation of the sessile serrated adenoma/polyp was detected at the same site. The endoscopic diagnosis was a deep invasive carcinoma with a remnant sessile serrated adenoma/polyp component. The carcinoma was surgically removed, and the pathological diagnosis was an adenocarcinoma with sessile serrated adenoma/polyp, which invaded the muscularis propria. The surgically removed lesion did not have a B-RAF mutation in either the sessile serrated adenoma/polyp or the carcinoma; moreover, the initial endoscopically resected lesion also did not have a B-RAF mutation. Immunohistochemistry confirmed negative MLH1 protein expression in only the cancer cells. Lynch syndrome was not detected on genomic examination. The lesion was considered to be a cancer derived from sessile serrated adenoma/polyp recurrence after endoscopic resection, because both the surgically and endoscopically resected lesions were detected at the same location and had similar pathological characteristics, with a serrated structure and low-grade atypia. Furthermore, both lesions had a rare diagnosis of a sessile serrated adenoma/polyp without B-RAF mutation. This report highlights the need for the follow-up colonoscopy after endoscopic resection and rethinking our resection procedures to improve treatment.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of proton beam therapy combined with cisplatin intra-arterial infusion via a superficial temporal artery as treatment for maxillary sinus carcinoma. Methods: Twenty-six patients with confirmed maxillary sinus carcinoma were enrolled in this study from May 2009 to April 2011. Patients underwent proton beam therapy and intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy with cisplatin. Results: The median total dose was 70.4 GyE per 32 fractions, and the median dose of cisplatin was 300 mg/body for six cycles of intra-arterial infusion. The 3-year overall survival rate was 58% for all patients (n = 26), 58% for patients with stage T4 disease (n = 12), 57% for patients with <Stage T3 disease (n = 14), 66% for patients with squamous cell carcinoma (n = 15) and 45% for patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma (n = 11). Two patients developed non-hematologic side effects such as Grade 3 radiation dermatitis, one developed osteonecrosis and one developed brain necrosis. Ocular/visual problems occurred in three patients, which included Grade 4 retinopathy and Grade 3 cataract in one and two patients, respectively. Conclusions: Proton beam therapy combined with cisplatin intra-arterial infusion administered via a superficial temporal artery appears to be safe and effective for maxillary sinus carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice trial is a clinical trial that will analyze various genetic statuses of patients' tumors to determine whether they contain abnormalities which can be a target for an available drug. National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice seeks to determine whether improved outcomes can be achieved when cancer treatments are personalized based on molecular abnormalities found in individual patients. As a master protocol, or basket trial, National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice can add or remove treatments as indicated over the duration of the study. Each treatment will be used in a unique arm, or sub-study, of the trial. The trial initially has 10 arms, each of which will enroll patients to a specific molecularly targeted treatment. It is ultimately anticipated that 20-25 drugs or combination treatments will be tested. To be eligible for the study, participants must have an advanced solid tumor or lymphoma that is no longer responding or never responded to the standard therapy. National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice investigators plan to obtain tumor biopsy specimens from as many as 3000 patients initially. To identify multiple genetic abnormalities that may respond to the targeted drugs selected for the trial, next-generation deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid sequencing will be done in the genetic testing laboratories, analyzing for >4000 different variants across 143 genes. The drugs included in the trial have all either been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for another cancer indication or are still being tested in other clinical trials, but have shown some clinical levels of evidence against tumors with a particular genetic alteration.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology