Disability and Rehabilitation (Disabil Rehabil)

Publisher: International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Informa Healthcare

Journal description

Disability and Rehabilitation is an international, multidisciplinary journal which seeks to encourage a better understanding of all aspects of disability, and to promote the rehabilitation process. The journal publishes review articles, experimental and clinical research papers, case studies, clinical commentaries, reports on rehabilitation in practice, rehabilitation engineering and major book reviews, spanning a range of issues including the severity and magnitude of disability, clinical medicine including gerontology, psychosocial adjustment, social policy issues, vocational and educational training, and rehabilitation engineering. Occasional special issues on specific themes of interest to the journalís readership are published.

Current impact factor: 1.99

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.985
2013 Impact Factor 1.837
2012 Impact Factor 1.541
2011 Impact Factor 1.498
2010 Impact Factor 1.489
2009 Impact Factor 1.555
2008 Impact Factor 1.395
2007 Impact Factor 1.414
2006 Impact Factor 1.164
2005 Impact Factor 0.988
2004 Impact Factor 1.144
2003 Impact Factor 1.053
2002 Impact Factor 0.889
2001 Impact Factor 0.683
2000 Impact Factor 0.535
1999 Impact Factor 0.559

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.14
Cited half-life 6.40
Immediacy index 0.32
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.63
Website Disability & Rehabilitation website
Other titles Disability and rehabilitation (Online), Disability & rehabilitation, Journal of disability and rehabilitation
ISSN 1464-5165
OCLC 41393353
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Informa Healthcare

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Non-commercial
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose To evaluate the effectiveness of a modified home care model in China. Methods First-time stroke survivors were recruited from a comprehensive teaching hospital in China. Subjects in the intervention group (n = 168) received modified home care involving detailed pre-discharge preparation and post-discharge follow-up lasting one month. The following outcomes were assessed at the end of follow-up: length of hospital stay, satisfaction with acute hospitalisation, medication compliance, complications and stroke-related re-hospitalisation. The outcomes were compared for the intervention group and a historical control group (n = 173) who received routine care. Results Modified home care was associated with shorter acute hospitalisation (11.29 ± 2.18 vs. 12.36 ± 4.33 d, p = 0.03), higher compliance [161 (95.83%) vs. 92 (53.18%), p = 0.004] and ability to perform daily activities (38.25 ± 10.22 vs. 32.08 ± 10.32, p = 0.03), and a lower rate of re-hospitalisation [2 (1.19%) vs. 11 (6.36%), p = 0.02]. Conclusions Home care may be associated with higher quality of life and reduced dependency among stroke patients in China. Implications for Rehabilitation Home care can be effective method at improving the physical and psychological well-being of stroke survivors in China. The home care model in this study can improve health outcomes as well as reduce healthcare resources utilisation. Home care models for stroke survivors should be adapted to local healthcare policies and resources.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Disability and Rehabilitation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose To investigate shoulder function, pain and Health-Related Quality of life (HRQoL) among adults with joint hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome-hypermobility type (JHS/EDS-HT), compared with the general population (controls). Method In a cross-sectional study using postal survey, 110 patients diagnosed with JHS/EDS-HT and 140 gender- and age-matched healthy controls from Statistics Norway participated. Shoulder function, pain and HRQol were registered by Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI), Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), pain drawings, 36-item Short Form (SF-36). Results Eighty-one individuals responded, with response rate 34% (JHS/EDS-HT: 53%, controls: 21%). JHS/EDS-HT had lower shoulder function (WOSI total: 49.9 versus 83.3; p < 0.001), lower HRQol on SF-36 Physical Component Scale (PCS: 28.1 versus 49.9; p < 0.001), and higher pain intensity (NRS: 6.4 versus 2.7; p < 0.001) than controls. Neck and shoulder joints were rated as primary painful areas in both groups, with significantly higher frequency in JHS/EDS-HT (neck: 90% versus 27%; shoulder: 80% versus 37%). Further, JHS/EDS-HT most often reported generalized pain (96%). Conclusions Adults with JHS/EDS-HT have impaired shoulder function, increased pain intensity, as well as reduced physical HRQoL compared with controls. Although neck and shoulder were most frequently rated as painful, significantly more JHS/EDS-HT also reported generalized pain compared to controls. Implications for Rehabilitation Adults with JHS/EDS-HT have impaired shoulder function, and most often painful areas in the neck and shoulder joints, which need to be targeted in the treatment strategy. Compared with the general population adults with JHS/EDS-HT have reduced physical HRQoL, supporting a physical approach for this group. Adults with JHS/EDS-HT may present with both specific painful joints and generalized pain.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Disability and Rehabilitation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose To examine the usability of the self-report instrument, Your Ideas about Participation and Environment (YIPE), among adults with a brain injury by exploring the value and acceptability of the instrument. Methods A qualitative descriptive research design was used for the purpose of testing and developing the YIPE for use among adults with a brain injury. The study involved administering the YIPE followed by in-depth interviewing about the experience of taking the instrument with seven adults with a brain injury, recruited through a community-based support service organization. A descriptive thematic approach was used to analyse the content of the interview data, categorize common ideas and identify areas for improvement within the instrument. Results Participants were generally positive about the importance of the participation and environment topics and willing to engage in self report. The YIPE (2012), resulting from changes made to the language and structure, was found to be more useable, valued and accepted by these participants than the previous version, YIPE (2011). Conclusions The YIPE was found to be a useful tool among study participants. The YIPE topics were found to have importance and relevance when considering participants' satisfaction with areas of life and aspects of environment requiring change. More development of the tool is required in terms of the wording, format and method of administration to improve the overall usability of the instrument. Implications for Rehabilitation The preliminary results from this small sample study illustrated that people with brain injury were able to use an International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-based tool, and confirmed the importance of considering both participation and the environment together. People with cognitive impairments associated with brain injury reported on areas of everyday life where they were satisfied or dissatisfied. They related their satisfaction to environmental factors that were facilitators or barriers to valued everyday activities. The opportunity to choose important life areas promotes individuals' motivation to engage and enables service providers to tailor rehabilitation. In the course of the two stages of research, it was necessary to make minor modifications to the language, structure and scoring system of the tool, to simplify the task and shorten the time to interview participants.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Disability and Rehabilitation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background For older individuals who sustain a hip fracture, the presence of dementia can influence their access to hospital-based rehabilitation. Purpose This study compares the characteristics and health outcomes of individuals with and without dementia following a hip fracture; and access to, and outcomes following, hospital-based rehabilitation in a population-based cohort. Method An examination of hip fractures involving individuals aged 65 years and older with and without dementia using linked hospitalisation, rehabilitation and mortality records during 2009-2013. Results There were 8785 individuals with and 23 520 individuals without dementia who sustained a hip fracture. Individuals with dementia had a higher age-adjusted 30-d mortality rate compared to individuals without dementia (11.7% versus 5.7%), a lower proportion of age-adjusted 28-d re-admission (17.3% versus 24.4%) and a longer age-adjusted mean length of stay (22.2 versus 21.9 d). Compared to individuals without dementia, individuals with dementia had 4.3 times (95% CI: 3.90-4.78) lower odds of receiving hospital-based rehabilitation. However, when they did receive rehabilitation they achieved significant motor functional gain at discharge compared to admission using the Functional Independence Measure, but to a lesser extent than individuals without dementia. Conclusion Within a population-based cohort, older individuals with dementia can benefit from access to, and participation in, rehabilitation activities following a hip fracture. This will ensure that they have the best chance of returning to their pre-fracture physical function and mobility. Implications for Rehabilitation Older individuals with dementia can benefit from rehabilitation activities following a hip fracture. Early mobilisation of individuals post-hip fracture surgery, where possible, is advised. Further work is needed on how best to work with individuals with dementia after a hip fracture in residential aged care to maximise any potential functional gains.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Disability and Rehabilitation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Stroke survivors consistently report longer-term problems after stroke, suggesting their needs are not being met. We developed a questionnaire to identify stroke-survivor unmet needs. Preliminary questionnaire testing showed that despite residual impairment, nearly one third of respondents reported no/low unmet need. This qualitative study aims to gain insight into why stroke survivors report low/no unmet needs. Method: People who self-reported zero or one unmet need were purposively sampled and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 participants. Identification and management of current problems were discussed and thematic analysis was undertaken. Results: Participants did not report having unmet need. Despite this, all participants identified current issues or problems. Living with problems while reporting no/low unmet need is explained through: acceptance of changed circumstances; making comparisons with other people and circumstances; valuing pride, determination or independence; and viewing issues in the context of their expectations and experiences of services. Additionally, all participants were receiving some support. Conclusions: Self-identification of unmet needs is complex. Further investigation could explore the factors which enable stroke survivors to appropriately identify and experience no unmet needs, and whether these could be applied to reduce unmet needs of others. Implications for Rehabilitation Despite self-reporting no/low unmet need, survivors of stroke may still be experiencing difficulties in their daily lives. Stroke-survivor-identified low unmet need is influenced by complex factors including: acceptance; expectations of services; and comparisons with other people, which Health and Social Care professionals have a role in understanding. Health professionals could assess unmet need by using tools as a guide, supported by individual conversation. Factors which enable some stroke survivors to appropriately identify and experience no/low unmet need could be further explored, and considered as strategies to reduce unmet needs of others.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Disability and Rehabilitation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Psychosocial consequences of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) have been well documented in Western populations, but there is no published literature on such incidence in the Sri Lankan population. The purpose of this study was to explore the psychosocial impact of SCI in a Sri Lankan population and to examine this population's coping mechanisms. Methods: Participants were recruited purposively at the Ragama Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Hospital, the sole rehabilitation facility for SCI patients in Sri Lanka. Focus groups were conducted with 23 consenting individuals. Interview transcripts were analysed using descriptive thematic analysis. Results: Four domains of life impact, three types of active coping strategies and four types of external supports were identified. Decreased ambulation and burden on family life were significant concerns for male and female participants alike. Religious practices were reported most frequently as active coping strategies, followed by positive reframing and goal-setting. Reported external supports included guided physiotherapy, informational workshops, social support and peer networks. Conclusion: Rehabilitation efforts for Sri Lankan SCI patients should be sensitive to psychosocial concerns in addition to physical concerns in order to help patients re-integrate into their family lives and community. Furthermore, religious practices should be respected as possible aids to rehabilitation. Implications for Rehabilitation Rehabilitative efforts should be conscientious of patients' psychosocial well-being in addition to their physical well-being. Hospital-based rehabilitative efforts for traumatic spinal cord injury patients should promote functional independence and community re-integration. Spiritual and/or religious practices should be respected as ways by which traumatic spinal cord injury patients may confront personal challenges that arise following injury.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Disability and Rehabilitation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To find out how much physical activity in the form of walking can be tolerated by adults admitted for inpatient rehabilitation after hip fracture. Method: Using a phase I dose-response design, in addition to usual scheduled rehabilitation care participants without cognitive impairment were supervised to walk for a prescribed length of time on 5 consecutive days. Doses started at 3 min and were escalated when three participants successfully completed a dose. Secondary outcomes included physical activity and the Ambulatory Self-Confidence Questionnaire (ASCQ). Results: The maximum tolerated dose of walking for the 13 participants (4 men and 9 women; mean age 81 years, SD 10) was 6 min. At 10 min only 1 of 5 participants was able to complete the dose. The main reason for not tolerating the prescribed dose was fatigue. Participants had relatively low levels of daily physical activity (mean 507 steps/day), and lacked confidence in their walking (ASCQ mean 4.6). Conclusion: Physical activity guidelines for older people are not appropriate for patients in active inpatient rehabilitation recovering from hip fracture where other factors such as fatigue may limit physical activity levels. These results can be taken into account when designing rehabilitation programmes after hip fracture. Implications for Rehabilitation Hip fracture is a common and serious fracture with ongoing disability for which people require inpatient rehabilitation to prepare for return to independent living in the community. The maximum tolerated dose of walking of 6 minutes suggests physical activity guidelines for older people are not applicable for those receiving active inpatient rehabilitation after hip fracture. The maximum tolerated dose of walking of 6 minutes during inpatient rehabilitation suggests rehabilitation programmes be structured to allow adequate time for recovery.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Disability and Rehabilitation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: There has been an increase in research on the effect that virtual reality (VR) can have on physical rehabilitation following stroke. However, research exploring participant perceptions of VR for post-stroke rehabilitation has been limited. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 chronic stroke participants (10 males, mean age = 72.1, mean time since injury = 38.6 mos.) who had recently completed an upper extremity VR stroke rehabilitation programme. Results: Four main themes emerged: 'the VR experience,' 'functional outcomes,' 'instruction,' and the 'future of VR in stroke rehabilitation,' along with nine sub-themes. Participants illustrated the positive impact that VR training had on their functional abilities as well as their confidence towards completing activities of daily living (ADL). Participants also expressed the need for increased rehabilitation opportunities within the community. Conclusion: Overall, participants were optimistic about their experience with VR training and all reported that they had perceived functional gain. VR is an enjoyable rehabilitation tool that can increase a stroke survivor's confidence towards completing ADL. Implications for Rehabilitation Although there is an increase in rehabilitation programmes geared towards those with chronic stroke, we must also consider the participants' perception of those programmes. Incorporating participant feedback may increase enjoyment and adherence to the rehabilitation programmes. The VR experience, as well as provision of feedback and instruction, are important aspects to consider when developing a VR programme for stroke survivors. VR for rehabilitation may be a feasible tool for increasing the survivors' confidence in completing ADL post-stroke.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Disability and Rehabilitation