Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science (Theor Issues Ergon Sci)

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Journal description

Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science stimulates and develops a theoretical basis for the science of ergonomics, and thus formulates a methodology for this modern discipline. The Journal is proactive in its mission to develop a unique science, and seeks to define ergonomics as distinct and inherently valuable for the global knowledge community. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science provides an important forum for the presentation and debate of new ideas and thinking in this field. Whereas, other ergonomics publications have traditionally only responded to current needs and issues. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science emphasizes new knowledge, publishing only original, high-quality, peer-reviewed papers. Topics will include both qualitative and quantitative methodological frameworks and theories of ergonomics. Reviews and commentaries are commissioned. The journal presents papers that discuss principles of the investigative process in ergonomics research, social and historical issues, and 'science of science' perspectives on ergonomics. It also publishes papers examining the discipline itself, including bibliographical analyses of classic papers. Unlike any other ergonomics journal published today, Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science focuses on a broad array of theoretical issues, methodology, and philosophical dialogues within the science of ergonomics.

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Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
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Website Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science website
Other titles Theor. issues in ergon. sci
ISSN 1463-922X
OCLC 45789787
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Extensive research has been conducted in the area of adaptive training focused on a variety of different methodologies, theories, and optimisation strategies to improve the effectiveness of training. Too often, however, the augmentations or manipulations studied focus on either content-specific changes, population-specific changes, or system edits that are so minute that outside the lab environment, applicability is significantly challenging. Accordingly, recommendations that arise from these studies are typically either not easily generalisable or at the other extreme are fractionally instantiated into new systems differing substantially from their original intent making them minimally impactful or in some cases, even causing negative training. In response, this paper investigates the use of mastery models to create a developmental structure, based on observable behaviours that can be translated to computer-based environments, while maintaining a human-centred focus.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: Motion simulation platforms are often used to study the effects of moving environments on the postural stability of maritime workers. During motion simulation studies, the effects of previous experience are not often considered when recruiting control participants. Previous experience in motion simulation studies may violate assumptions of novice participants, and previous experiences in activities that regularly challenge balance may also influence performance. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of previous participation in motion simulation studies or previous skill training (specifically dance) on postural stability and lower limb neuromuscular activity in a simulated ocean environment. Thirty-seven participants were recruited; 12 participants with previous motion bed experience, 13 dancers, and 12 control participants. Results indicated that both motion bed experience and dance training had significantly better postural stability performance and decreased lower limb muscle activity compared to truly inexperienced control subjects during motion simulation testing.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: The question of how situation awareness is managed in a team remains a challenge for ergonomics. In this paper, a task was designed in which team members were required to identify a ‘rogue’ vehicle in road traffic. In one version of the task, team members see the same information in the same format, and in the other version, team members each have a different view of the situation. Performance was less accurate in the second version of the task and this was not affected by communication between team members. An agent-based model was developed to reflect the performance of the teams in the experiment and to allow manipulation of team characteristics. The models showed that the ‘expertise’ of agents affects not only their performance on the task but also their communication. This suggests that such modelling could be a useful line of research for the study of situation awareness.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: Training objectives define the purpose of instructional events; attaining them is the measure of successful training. Yet, it is challenging to apply training objectives in large, complex, multiparty military exercises. In such events it can be difficult for trainers to determine which students were able to address their objectives in a given scenario-based exercise, or, in some cases, whether they were able to address any training objectives at all. A scalable, formal mechanism is required to document and manage training objectives, their relationships to scenario conditions, and the performance measures by which attainment of objectives is evaluated. In this article, we describe Training Objective Packages and two subordinate formalisms: behaviour envelopes, which specify the bounds on student behaviour given conditions, and a formal expression of performance measurements that includes an approach called measurement envelopes. Each of these has value in the three phases of training: planning, execution, and assessment. We define these formalisms and describe several applications and opportunities for research.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: The distributed situation awareness (DSA) model was introduced almost a decade ago and outlined six core tenets relating to the nature of situation awareness in sociotechnical systems. Despite the model being at the forefront of situation awareness research, to date, there has been no examination of these six tenets. In this paper, we examine each tenet to determine first whether they apply in the domain of fast ball sports officiating and second, to determine whether they require extension or revision in order to remain appropriate and relevant. Based on data from Australian rules football officiating, we find that four of the six tenets remain relevant. We argue, however, that two of the tenets, require revision and extension. Accordingly, we propose alternate tenets and associated research questions to facilitate extension of the theoretical underpinnings of the DSA model into the future.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: This paper introduces, describes, and evaluates real-time models of affective states of individual learners interacting with Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Computer-based instructors, like human instructors, should use affective information for adapting instruction. This requires an accurate representation of individual learner state during tutoring; however, models described in the literature are generalised and constructed offline. Such total population models have faced validation difficulty with individuals, while individualised models have had difficulties with offline creation and online use. The simultaneous creation and utilisation of an individualised model from sensor-based physiological measurements presents an attractive alternative. We present and evaluate approaches for building affective models during the tutoring session which address the difficulties present in real-time data streams. Additionally, this work examines the impact of occasional direct user query on model quality. The results indicate that individualised real-time model construction is comparable to offline equivalents, yet can be successfully applied in tutoring settings.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: Commentary articles can go one of two ways. Either they can stick to the orthodoxy; the path well-travelled, and embrace summary rather than synthesis. Or, the issues in play can be seized upon as an opportunity to provoke debate, stress-test ideas, and if fortune really does favour the bold, to send our thinking in new directions. Clearly there is only one option here. In this commentary, I would like to stand back and think about our underlying operating assumptions because these are rarely questioned yet have a profound effect on our methodologies.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: Workload transitions present individuals with sudden changes in workload. These transitions may affect stress and coping behaviour. Two experiments were performed using a digit detection task that shifted between low and high workload levels to examine transition effects on performance, stress, and effort. The first experiment used a large magnitude transition and resulted in decreased estimates of task engagement and effort. Over time, the levels of subjective stress observed in the transitioned groups approached those of the non-transitioned control groups. The second experiment used a transition more moderate in magnitude. The results were similar to those from the first experiment except that the transition resulted in higher, sustained task engagement and effort. These findings indicate that over time, the perceived stress of transitioned individuals will approach those of non-transitioned individuals; however, the magnitude of the transition may influence individuals to either increase or decrease task-oriented, effortful coping.Relevance to human factors/ergonomics theoryPrevious research on the effect of workload transitions on experienced stress has produced conflicting results. Drawing upon transactional stress theory and motivational intensity theory, two experiments were conducted which resolve some of those conflicting findings. This research adds to our understanding of how workload transitions may affect individuals' experienced stress.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this research was to evaluate and compare the creative tension of university students in three different universities in South Korea and Finland. The creative tension, or the gap between a person's feeling of current reality and target for future, was analysed according to features describing their committing factors related to their universities and studies. Data for this study were collected from 41 university students through self-evaluation using internet-based survey instrument. The application was able to identify the creative tension in each group of university students, and the results show differences in creative tension across the universities and also between countries. This type of in-depth analysis into the cultural perceptions of attributes offers valuable new information for academia and businesses.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: Cultural diversity makes it impossible for designers to depend on instinctive knowledge or personal experiences. Therefore, it is vital to understand the requirements, communication patterns, and mental models of users from diverse cultures. The aim of this research is to probe whether incorporating cultural factors into web design can improve the web communication (usability). In this research, two cultures are selected based on Hofstede's cultural dimension model, and the local website audit is further constructed to check if there are significantly different preferences for a web interface design between two cultures (Taiwanese and Australian cultures). The web usability experiment is then established to test if those culturally preferred characteristics can improve the web communication (usability). The results of the usability test reveal that cultural preferences can facilitate the web communication. Furthermore, the suggestions for cross-cultural interaction design are concluded based on the results of the web communication evaluation.Relevance to human factors/ergonomics theory This research is relevant to human factors/ergonomics theory.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: In the cognitive sciences, intuition is described as a way of processing information based on automatic, affective and personal standards, but it is not the opposite of rationality. Designers generate solutions to daily issues, which forces them to make decisions that cannot be always understood rationally. Designing for experiences is a delicate practice in a rational perspective, since the designer's interpretation on how to trigger particular experiences can be highly influenced by intuition. Designers have a choice to use intuition in the design process without control, or to understand the process and use it consciously. In this context, self-knowing is a key factor in intentional intuiting. This paper aims at discussing how intuition works when professionals design for experiences and, by providing the basis to understand the process, offers inputs on how to deal with it, avoiding biases in the design practice and helping to develop self-knowledge.Relevance to ergonomics theory In recent decades, ergonomics has been concerned with the understanding of designing to evoke or prevent particular experiences among users. The designer's challenge is to interpret users’ bodily experiences, commonly without awareness of the situation or context in which they are perceived. The design process is often affected by intuition and its role needs to be understood by professionals in order to be used accurately. Theoretical inputs from cognitive psychology are discussed in relation to the design practice, to help improve ergonomics theory in the context of intuition in designing for experiences.The paper indicates that a designer can make a conscious decision to use intuition when designing for experiences. The use of intentional intuiting in this context does not exclude rational thinking, but complements it and helps qualifying design decision-making, since it reduces the use of biased subjectiveness in the interpretation on how to evoke or prevent particular experiences. The training of intentional intuiting is possible but challenging since it takes time, and the keys to successful use of intuition lay in self-knowing and appropriate state of mind of a designer.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
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    ABSTRACT: This paper aims to systematically explore the relationship between affect, cognition, and driving behaviours. Whereas some driving models partially address drivers' affective factors, the majority of them have focused on cognitive aspects. Thus, it would be helpful to construct an affect-integrated driving behaviour research model. First, I briefly assessed the current driving models and identified critical cognitive elements commonly found among those models. Next, the mechanisms of affective effects on those cognitive processes were described. Then, I showed the effects of affective states on driving performance. Finally, a conceptual model for affect-related driving behaviour research was proposed and followed by discussions from the theoretical and practical perspectives. This review helps researchers construct a more naturalistic and generic driving behaviour model, conceptualise affect detection research with a clearer idea of what affect needs to be detected and why, and develop an affect regulation model and adaptive system for multiple drivers.Relevance to human factors/ergonomics theory The present paper reviews affect-related driving research and proposes an affect-integrated driving model based on theoretical and practical evidence. This paper will contribute to conduct more comprehensive driving behaviour research and design an adaptive in-vehicle affect detection and mitigation system.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science