Journal of Soils and Sediments (J SOIL SEDIMENT)
JSSS is the first journal entirely devoted to soils and sediments, hereby dealing not only with contaminated, but also with intact and disturbed soils and sediments. JSSS elucidates the common aspects as well as the differences between these two environmental compartments. JSSS is an interdisciplinary journal intended to be of benefit to the scientist as well as to the practitioner. Topics: Research on effects caused by disturbances and contamination; Research, strategies and technologies for prediction, prevention, and protection; Research, strategies and technologies for identification and characterisation; Research, strategies and technologies for treatment, remediation and reuse; Strategies for risk assessment and management; Research on and the implementation of quality standards; International regulation and legislation.
Current impact factor: 2.14
Impact Factor Rankings
|2016 Impact Factor||Available summer 2017|
|2014 / 2015 Impact Factor||2.139|
|2013 Impact Factor||2.107|
|2012 Impact Factor||1.965|
|2011 Impact Factor||1.863|
|2010 Impact Factor||2.574|
|2009 Impact Factor||2.613|
|2008 Impact Factor||2.797|
|2007 Impact Factor||4.373|
Impact factor over time
|Website||Journal of Soils and Sediments website|
|Other titles||Journal of soils and sediments (Online), JSS|
|Material type||Periodical, Internet resource|
|Document type||Internet Resource, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper|
- Author can archive a pre-print version
- Author can archive a post-print version
- Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
- Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
- Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
- Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
- Published source must be acknowledged
- Must link to publisher version
- Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
- Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
Publications in this journal
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: The particle-size distribution of runoff sediment is important in understanding, characterizing and modeling the transport behavior of sediment and sediment-associated chemicals. The objective of this study was to investigate the particle-size distribution of sediments eroded from three soils in China under natural rainfall. Materials and methods: Each of the three soils was packed to a depth of 30 cm in a 20 × 2.1 m runoff plot. Sediments yielded in nine natural rainfall events were analyzed for their particle-size distribution prior to and following dispersion. Results and discussion: The sediment size measured in the undispersed condition was always larger than the one determined after chemical dispersion, indicating that part of the sediment was eroded in aggregated form. The degree of sediment aggregation depended on the clay content and the organic matter content of the sources. The mean sediment size quantified by mean weight diameter linearly increased with sediment yield for the two soils with relatively high clay content. The rate of increase was greater in the undispersed condition than that in the dispersed condition for these two soils. Comparing sediments to the corresponding source soil, the results of mean weight diameter and enrichment ratio both revealed that aggregate-size distribution was more sensitive to soil erosion than the primary particle-size distribution. Small aggregates, rather than the primary particles, were selectively eroded in the rainfall events. Conclusions: These findings support the use of both dispersed and undispersed sediment-size distributions for the characterization of sediment transport and the associated sediment-bound nutrients and contaminants.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: It has been widely recognized that land use changes can cause significant alterations of soil organic matter (SOM) of various ecosystems. Forest conversion, a common land use change, and its effects on SOM have been a hot research topic during the past two decades. However, the mechanisms of the effects of forest conversion on SOM dynamics, particularly in deep soils, largely remain uncertain. This study aimed to examine the impacts of forest conversion on SOM stabilization through the analysis of soil aggregate and density fractionation, microbial composition, and functions in deep soils. Materials and methods: Soil C and microbes were sampled in soil layers of 0–20 and 60–80 cm under broadleaved secondary forest and two coniferous plantations (Cunninghamia lanceolata and Pinus massoniana). Aggregate and density fractionation techniques were used to analyze C accumulation in non-protected, physically, chemically, and biochemically protected C fractions. A 90-day laboratory mineralization incubation experiment with and without 400-mg C kg−1 soil glucose and phenol was conducted to determine the potential mineralizable C, utilization of substrate capacity, and metabolic quotient (qCO2). Results and discussion: Conversion of secondary forests into coniferous plantations significantly decreased bulk soil C, especially in the deep soils. Forest conversion significantly decreased non-protected, physically, and chemically protected C fractions in both topsoil and deep soil and biochemically protected C fraction in deep soils. The soil organic carbon (SOC) of topsoils was dominated by non-protected fraction while in deep soil which was dominated by protected fraction. Compared with the topsoils, soil microbes in the deep soils tend to preferentially use labile soil organic matter with lower substrate use efficiency (higher values of qCO2), which indicates that a r-strategy dominates of microbes. The increased respiration rate in the deep soils caused by forest conversion, when normalized to soil C, indicates that deep SOM may be more prone to decomposition and destabilization than top SOM. Conclusions: Forest conversion can cause a significant alteration of SOC stabilization through the changes of physically, chemically, and biochemically protected SOC fractions. The mechanisms for the changes in non-protected or/and protected SOC fractions may be associated with the redistribution of r-strategy- and K-strategy-dominated microbes due to changes in litter inputs and priming effects.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: Sorption of heavy metals on soil components plays an important role in reducing their mobility and bioavailability. Organic matter is an important sorbent of heavy metals in soil. Crop residues which are important sources of soil organic matter will undergo decomposition after addition to the soil. However, few studies reported the effect of organic matter decomposition on heavy metal sorption. This study aimed to investigate the effect of straw decomposition on the sorption of Cu. Materials and methods: Rice straw was decomposed in aerobic conditions for 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Solid organic matter in decomposed rice straw was collected and marked OM-1, OM-3, OM-6, and OM-12, respectively. Sorption isotherms and kinetics of Cu on solid organic matter were studied by batch experiments. The sorption of Cu was calculated by the difference between the amount of Cu added initially and that remained in the supernatant. Sorption thermodynamics of Cu were studied by isothermal titration calorimetry technique. Potential mechanisms of Cu sorption were analyzed by combining the information from sorption thermodynamics, desorption experiments, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy observations. All sorption experiments were carried out at pH 5.0. Results and discussion: The maximum sorption of Cu was 165.8, 170.5, 186.6, and 226.9 mmol kg−1, and the rate constant of Cu sorption was 0.80, 0.58, 0.50, and 0.32 kg mmol−1 h−1 on OM-1, OM-3, OM-6, and OM-12, respectively, indicating that the maximum sorption of Cu increased while sorption rate of Cu decreased with increasing the duration of straw decomposition from 1 to 12 months. The negative values of Gibbs free energy change and positive values of enthalpy change and entropy change revealed that Cu sorption was spontaneous, endothermic in nature, and the randomness was increased during sorption. Carboxyl and hydroxyl in solid organic matter were involved in Cu sorption. The percentage of Cu desorbed by NH4Ac from OM-1, OM-3, OM-6, and OM-12 was 45.0, 43.5, 42.8, and 37.8 %, respectively. Conclusions: In the current study, the decomposition of straw promoted the sorption capacity but reduced the sorption rate of Cu on solid organic matter. Copper sorption was an endothermic and spontaneous process. The formation of inner-sphere complexes was the main mechanism of Cu sorption, and its role in Cu sorption tended to increase with increasing the duration of straw decomposition. The information will facilitate the understanding of the contamination and remediation of heavy metal in cropland.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: Knowledge of archaeal communities is essential for understanding of the mechanism of carbon and nitrogen cycle in the mangrove sediment ecosystem. Presently, little is known about archaeal communities in the Dongzhaigang mangrove sediments. This study aimed to characterize the archaeal communities in sediments of different mangrove stands and to find out the correlations between archaeal communities and the environmental factors of sediments. Materials and methods: Sediment samples were collected from the Dongzhaigang mangrove forest for analysis of soil properties and archaeal communities, by national standard methods and Illumina Miseq archaeal 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing, respectively. Results and discussion: The archaeal community in the Dongzhaigang mangrove forest was constituted by some phyla from “TACK” and “DPANN” supergroups, and dominated by Euryarchaeota. Among sediments of the four mangroves in Dongzhaigang, principal coordinates analysis (PCoA) scatter plot showed a trend of difference in the archaeal community structure in the Bruguiera gymnoihiza and Kandelia candel stands from that in the Laguncularia racemosa and Sonneratia apetala stands. The abundance of the order Methanosarcinales was the highest in the sediments of K. candel mangroves, whereas the order of Methanobacteriales dominated in B. gymnoihiza sediments. The highest richness and diversity values of Archaea occurred in K. candel sediments, while the lowest in B. gymnoihiza. Pearson correlation showed the significant relationships between sediment properties and some dominant genera, with a positive and significant correlation between sediment properties and genus Methanobacterium, coinciding with the maximum values of sediment properties and abundance of Methanobacterium in the sediment of B. gymnoihiza. Such results indicated that the difference of archaeal community structure among mangrove sediments may be caused by the different sediment characteristics. Methanogenic communities in the Dongzhaigang mangrove forest sediments were, at the order level, constituted by Methanobacteriales, Methanomicrobiales, Methanosarcinales, and Methanomassiliicoccales. Conclusions: The investigation indicated that the Dongzhaigang mangrove sediment ecosystems support diverse archaeal communities and methanogenic communities, and that there was a general trend of difference in the archaeal community structure in the B. gymnoihiza and K. candel mangrove sediments from that in the L. racemosa and S. apetala sediments. Such difference may be caused by the difference in sediment characteristics.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose Fruiting vegetables are generally considered to be safer than other vegetables for planting on cadmium (Cd)-contaminated farms. However, the risk of transferring Cd that has accumulated in the stems and leaves of fruiting vegetables is a major issue encountered with the usage of such non-edible parts. The objective of this study was to resolve the contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi to the production of low-Cd fruiting vegetables (focusing on the non-edible parts) on Cd-contaminated fields. Materials and methods An 8-week pot experiment was conducted to investigate the acquisition and translocation of Cd by cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plants on an unsterilized Cd-contaminated (1.6 mg kg−1) soil in response to inoculation with the AM fungus, Funneliformis caledonium (Fc) or Glomus versiforme (Gv). Mycorrhizal colonization rates of cucumber roots were assessed. Dry biomass and Cd and phosphorus (P) concentrations in the cucumber shoots and roots were all measured. Soil pH, EC, total Cd, phytoavailable (DTPA-extractable) Cd, available P, and acid phosphatase activity were also tested. Results and discussion Both Fc and Gv significantly increased (P < 0.05) root mycorrhizal colonization rates and P acquisition efficiencies, and thus the total P acquisition and biomass of cucumber plants, whereas only Fc significantly increased (P < 0.05) soil acid phosphatase activity and the available P concentration. Both Fc and Gv significantly increased (P < 0.05) root to shoot P translocation factors, inducing significantly higher (P < 0.05) shoot P concentrations and shoot/root biomass ratios. In contrast, both Fc and Gv significantly decreased (P < 0.05) root and shoot Cd concentrations, resulting in significantly increased (P < 0.05) P/Cd concentration ratios, whereas only Gv significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the root Cd acquisition efficiency and increased (P < 0.05) the root to shoot Cd translocation factor. Additionally, AM fungi also tended to decrease soil total and phytoavailable Cd concentrations by elevating plant total Cd acquisition and soil pH, respectively. Conclusions Inoculation with AM fungi increased the P acquisition and biomass of cucumber plants, but decreased plant Cd concentrations by reducing the root Cd acquisition efficiency, and resulted in a tendency toward decreases in soil phytoavailable and total Cd concentrations via increases in soil pH and total Cd acquisition by cucumber plants, respectively. These results demonstrate the potential application of AM fungi for the production of fruiting vegetables with non-edible parts that contain low Cd levels on Cd-contaminated soils.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.