Clinical Oncology (CLIN ONCOL-UK)

Publisher: Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain), WB Saunders

Journal description

Clinical Oncology is: a well established journal covering all aspects of the clinical management of cancer patients reflecting the current multi-disciplinary approach to therapy: a journal of the Royal College of Radiologists

Current impact factor: 3.40

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 3.398
2013 Impact Factor 2.826
2012 Impact Factor 2.858
2011 Impact Factor 2.072
2010 Impact Factor 2.294
2009 Impact Factor 2.846
2008 Impact Factor 2.184
2007 Impact Factor 1.561
2006 Impact Factor 1.471
2005 Impact Factor 1.288
2004 Impact Factor 0.91
2003 Impact Factor 0.923
2002 Impact Factor 0.771
2001 Impact Factor 0.804

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.97
Cited half-life 5.90
Immediacy index 0.93
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.06
Website Clinical Oncology website
Other titles Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain): Online)
ISSN 1433-2981
OCLC 50820375
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

WB Saunders

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Authors who are required to deposit in subject-based repositories may also use Sponsorship Option
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/07/2015
    • 'WB Saunders' is an imprint of 'Elsevier'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant occurred after the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March 2011, releasing a large amount of radioactive materials into the atmosphere. Questions were raised regarding the health effects of radiation exposure, which led to increased anxiety among the Fukushima residents about the possible development of thyroid cancer. Thus, thyroid ultrasound examinations began for those who were from the areas where the radiation doses were highest, and will continue for the long term. In total, 300 476 subjects aged 18 years or younger at the time of the disaster were screened from 9 October 2011 to 31 March 2014. The participation rate was 81.7% of the total population of this age and in the affected area. Among them, the proportions of those who fell into the categories A1 (no nodules or cysts present), A2 (nodule ≤ 5 mm or cyst ≤ 20 mm diameter), B (nodule > 5 mm or cyst > 20 mm diameter) and C (immediate need for further investigation) were 51.5, 47.8, 0.8 and 0%, respectively; 2294 subjects in categories B and C were recommended to undergo a confirmatory examination; 113 were subsequently diagnosed with malignancy or suspected malignancy by fine needle aspiration cytology. The full-scale survey (second round survey) began in April 2014, and was completed by 30 June 2015, and comprised 169 455 subjects (participation rate; 44.7%). The proportions of those who fell into the categories A1, A2, B and C were 41.6, 57.6, 0.8 and 0% (no case), respectively; 1223 subjects in category B were recommended to undergo a confirmatory examination, 25 of these were subsequently diagnosed with malignancy or suspected malignancy by fine needle aspiration cytology. The thyroid cancers identified in this survey so far are unlikely to be due to radiation exposure, and are more likely to be the result of screening using highly sophisticated ultrasound techniques. However, it would be advisable to continue long-term screening to determine whether the risk of childhood and adolescent thyroid cancer due to radiation exposure increases or not.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Five years have passed since the nuclear accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Stations on 11 March 2011. Here we refer to reports from international organisations as sources of predicted values obtained from environmental monitoring and dose estimation models, and reports from various institutes in Japan are used as sources of individual actual values. The World Health Organization, based on information available up to 11 September 2011 (and published in 2012), reported that characteristic effective doses in the first year after the accident, to all age groups, were estimated to be in the 10–50 mSv dose band in example locations in evacuation areas. Estimated characteristic thyroid doses to infants in Namie Town were within the 100–200 mSv dose band. A report from the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation published in 2014 shows that the effective dose received by adults in evacuation areas during the first year after the accident was 1.1–13 mSv. The absorbed dose to the thyroid in evacuated settlements was 7.2–35 mSv in adults and 15–83 mSv in 1-year-old infants. Individual external radiation exposure in the initial 4 months after the accident, estimated by superimposing individual behaviour data on to a daily dose rate map, was less than 3 mSv in 93.9% of residents (maximum 15 mSv) in evacuation areas. Actual individual thyroid equivalent doses were less than 15 mSv in 98.8% of children (maximum 25 mSv) in evacuation areas. When uncertainty exists in dose estimation models, it may be sensible to err on the side of caution, and final estimated doses are often much greater than actual radiation doses. However, overestimation of the dose at the time of an accident has a great influence on the psychology of residents. More than 100 000 residents have not returned to the evacuation areas 5 years after the Fukushima accident because of the social and mental effects during the initial period of the disaster. Estimates of radiation doses placed in the public domain must be based on scientific evidence, and the way such information is communicated to residents should be carefully considered to avoid psychosocial effects that may have a greater bearing on health than the radiation itself.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: To evaluate the prognostic utility of 2-[18F] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) carried out in the third week (iPET) and after completion (pPET) of definitive radiation therapy in patients with mucosal primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (MPHNSCC) and to investigate the optimal visual grading criteria for therapy response assessment. Materials and methods: Sixty-nine consecutive patients with newly diagnosed MPHNSCC treated with radical radiation therapy with or without systemic therapy underwent staging. PET-CT, iPET and pPET were included. All PET-CT images were reviewed by using a visual grading system to assess metabolic response for primary tumour: 0 ¼ similar to adjacent background blood pool activity; 1 ¼ more than background but < mediastinal blood pool; 2 � mediastinal blood pool and < liver; 3 � liver; and 4 � brain. The results were correlated with locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS), disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival, using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: The median follow-up was 28 months (range 6e62), the median age was 61 years (range 39e81) and AJCC 7th edition clinical stage II, III and IV were six, 18 and 45 patients, respectively. The optimal threshold for non-complete metabolic response (non-CMR) was defined as focal uptake � liver (grade 3) for iPET and focal uptake � mediastinum (grade 2) for pPET. The 2 year Kaplan-Meier LRFS, DFS and overall survival estimates for primary CMR and non-CMR in iPET were 89.8% versus 71.5% (P ¼ 0.062), 80.1% versus 65.3% (P ¼ 0.132), 79.1% versus 72.1% (P ¼ 0.328) and in pPET 86.2% versus 44.6% (P ¼ 0.0005), 77.6% versus 41.2% (P ¼ 0.006), 81.2% versus 40.6% (P ¼ 0.01), respectively. The negative predictive value (NPV) for LRFS for patients achieving both primary and nodal CMR in iPET was 100%. No locoregional failure was observed in patients with both primary and nodal iPET CMR (P ¼ 0.038), whereas those with nodal iPET CMR had no regional failure (P ¼ 0.033). However, the positive predictive values (PPV) for LRFS and DFS for iPET and pPET were found to be poor: 30% and 36% for iPET and 35% and 39% for pPET, respectively. Conclusion: Standardised criteria using visual assessment are feasible. The metabolic response using visual assessment with standardised interpretation criteria of iPET and pPET can be useful predictors of tumour control. Dose de-escalation can be considered on the basis of a high NPV for iPET. However, the PPV of iPET is poor, indicating that additional discriminative tools are needed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is the highest cause of mortality from cancer worldwide. Most patients present with disease not suitable for curative therapeutic options. In these patients, radiation therapy provides durable palliation of symptoms due to intrathoracic disease, whereas systemic chemotherapy improves survival compared with best supportive care. Over recent years the systemic therapeutic options available for the non-curative management of advanced lung cancer, particularly non-small cell lung cancer, have expanded to include molecularly targeted agents and immune modulating agents. The aim of this overview is to review the role and future of radiation therapy in this era of increasing systemic therapy options with particular emphasis on how radiation therapy can be used to improve therapeutic outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Regular aspirin use has been associated with inhibition of the whole spectrum of colorectal carcinogenesis, including prevention of metastases and reduced total mortality in colorectal cancer. Preclinical data show that aspirin down-regulates PI3 kinase (PI3K) signalling activity through cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibition, leading to the hypothesis that the effect of aspirin might be different according to PIK3CA mutational status, but epidemiological studies have led to conflicting results. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between PIK3CA status and the efficacy of regular use of aspirin after diagnosis on overall survival in colorectal cancer patients. Materials and methods: We identified studies that compared post-diagnosis aspirin efficacy in colorectal cancer patients identified by PIK3CA status. Hazard ratios for overall survival were meta-analysed according to PIK3CA status by inverse variance weighting. A pooled test for treatment by PIK3CA status interaction was carried out by weighted linear meta-regression. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results: The overall effect of aspirin was not significant (summary risk estimate = 0.82; 95% confidence interval 0.63-1.08, P = 0.16; I(2) = 57%). In PIK3CA mutant disease (n = 588), aspirin use reduced total mortality by 29% (summary risk estimate = 0.71; 95% confidence interval 0.51-0.99, P = 0.04; I(2) = 0%), whereas in PIK3CA wild-type disease (n = 4001), aspirin use did not reduce overall mortality (summary risk estimate = 0.93; 95% confidence interval 0.61-1.40; P = 0.7; I(2) = 80%) (P interaction = 0.39). There was a beneficial trend for aspirin on cancer-specific survival in PI3KCA mutated subjects (summary risk estimate = 0.37, 95% confidence interval 0.11-1.32, P = 0.1), albeit with high heterogeneity (Q chi-squared = 3.41, P = 0.07, I(2) = 70.7%). Conclusion: These findings suggest that the benefit of post-diagnosis aspirin treatment on overall mortality in colorectal cancer may be more marked in PIK3CA mutated tumours, although the low number of studies prevents definitive conclusions. Trials addressing this issue are warranted to assess the efficacy of aspirin in the adjuvant setting.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this overview was to investigate whether adjuvant chemotherapy has a favourable effect on the outcome of patients with rectal cancer who had preoperative (chemo)radiotherapy. A review of randomised clinical trials that allocated patients between fluorouracil-based and observation or between fluorouracil-based and oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy after preoperative (chemo)radiotherapy was carried out, including their corresponding meta-analyses. None of the five randomised trials has shown a significant benefit of fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy for overall survival or disease-free survival. Also, the three corresponding meta-analyses failed to show a benefit of adjuvant treatment. Of three randomised trials - two phase III and one phase II with a 3-year disease-free survival end point - two showed a small benefit of adding oxaliplatin to fluorouracil, one failed. The corresponding meta-analyses showed that the pooled difference was not significant. In conclusion, the use of postoperative 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy with or without oxaliplatin in patients with rectal cancer after preoperative (chemo)radiotherapy is not scientifically proven.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with fluoropyrimidines is an established treatment in the management of locally advanced rectal cancer. There has been a great deal of research into improving patient outcomes by modifying this regimen by the addition of further radiosensitising agents. One of the difficulties in advancing new combination therapies has been lack of consensus on which surrogate measures best reflect clinically important outcomes. Here we review combinations of the cytotoxic, biological and other agents currently under scrutiny to improve clinical outcomes for patients with colorectal cancer. We also discuss advances in biomarkers that may ultimately result in an ability to tailor neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy regimens to the somatic gene profile of individual patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Selective vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitors have the potential for greater potency and less off-target toxicity compared with multikinase tyrosine kinase inhibitors in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. We carried out a meta-analysis to determine quantitatively the differences in comparative efficacy and tolerability between these newer, selective agents and the multikinase inhibitors. Materials and methods: We searched four electronic databases for published randomised controlled trials comparing selective VEGFR inhibitors with multikinase tyrosine kinase inhibitors for metastatic renal cell carcinoma and carried out a meta-analysis. Outcomes of interest were progression-free survival, objective response rate (ORR), overall survival, discontinuation of treatment due to adverse events (DAE) and occurrence of specific toxicities. Results: Four trials involving the selective VEGFR inhibitors axitinib, tivozanib and dovitinib were analysed, all using sorafenib as the comparator. There was a 22% reduction in risk of disease progression with selective VEGFR inhibitors (relative risk 0.78; 95% confidence interval 0.69-0.87) compared with sorafenib, the tyrosine kinase inhibitor in all trials, and similar whether the agents were first-line or subsequent therapy. ORR was improved with selective VEGFR inhibitors, with 91% increased odds over sorafenib (odds ratio 1.91; 95% confidence interval 1.35-2.69). Overall survival was similar between groups (relative risk 1.03; 95% confidence interval 0.88-1.21) and DAE differed only in sensitivity analysis with exclusion of dovitinib (odds ratio 0.62; 95% confidence interval 0.41-0.94). Frequencies of the most common toxicities were overall similar, but differences included more frequent grade 3 or 4 fatigue and less frequent palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia with selective VEGFR therapy. Conclusion: Although selective VEGFR inhibitors are associated with similar overall survival as multikinase inhibitor sorafenib, they show significant improvement in progression-free survival, regardless of first-line or later use, and ORR compared with sorafenib. Tolerability due to toxicities is similar.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: To evaluate the learner's perspectives on a novel workshop programme designed to improve skills in biostatistics, research methodology and critical appraisal in oncology. Materials and methods: Trainees were surveyed anonymously at the completion of each annual workshop from 2012 to 2015. In total, 103 trainees in years 2-4 of training in radiation oncology responded, giving a 94% survey response rate. A 1 day workshop, designed by biostatisticians and radiation oncologist facilitators, is the central component of a programme teaching skills in biostatistics, research methods and critical appraisal. This links short didactic lectures about statistical concepts to interactive trainee discussions around discipline-related publications. Results: The workshop was run in conjunction with the major radiation oncology clinical trials group meeting with alternating programmes (A and B). Most of the participants (44-47/47 for A and 48-55/56 for B), reported that their understanding of one or more individual topics improved as a result of teaching. Refinement of the workshop over time led to a more favourable perception of the 'optimal' balance between didactic/interactive teaching: nine of 27 (33%) 'optimal' responses seen in 2013 compared with 23 of 29 (79%) in 2015 (P < 0.001). Commonly reported themes were: clinician facilitators and access to biostatisticians helped contextualise learning and small group, structured discussions provided an environment conducive to learning. Conclusions: Overall, radiation oncology trainees reported positive perceptions of the educational value of this programme, with feedback identifying areas where this resource might be improved. This model could readily be adapted to suit other medical disciplines and/or other training environments, using specialty-specific research to illuminate key statistical concepts.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Locally advanced primary rectal cancer is variably defined, but generally refers to T3 and T4 tumours. Radical surgery is the mainstay of treatment for these tumours but there is a high-risk for local recurrence. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2011) guidelines recommend that patients with these tumours be considered for preoperative chemoradiotherapy and this is the starting point for any discussion, as it is standard care. However, there are many refinements of this pathway and these are the subject of this overview. In surgical terms, there are two broad settings: (i) patients with tumours contained within the mesorectal envelope, or in the lower rectum, limited to invading the sphincter muscles (namely some T2 and most T3 tumours); and (ii) patients with tumours directly invading or adherent to pelvic organs or structures, mainly T4 tumours - here referred to as primary rectal cancer beyond total mesorectal excision (PRC-bTME). Major surgical resection using the principles of TME is the mainstay of treatment for the former. Where anal sphincter sacrifice is indicated for low rectal cancers, variations of abdominoperineal resection - referred to as tailored excision - including the extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE), are required. There is debate whether or not plastic reconstruction or mesh repair is required after these surgical procedures. To achieve cure in PRC-bTME tumours, most patients require extended multivisceral exenterative surgery, carried out within specialist multidisciplinary centres. The surgical principles governing the treatment of recurrent rectal cancer (RRC) parallel those for PRC-bTME, but typically only half of these patients are suitable for this type of major surgery. Peri-operative morbidity and mortality are considerable after surgery for PRC-bTME and RRC, but unacceptable levels of variation in clinical practice and outcome exist globally. To address this, there are now major efforts to standardise terminology and classifications, to allow appropriate comparisons in future studies.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical implementation of image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy is rapidly evolving. Helical tomotherapy treatment delivery involves daily imaging before intensity-modulated radiotherapy delivery. This can be a time consuming resource-intensive process, which may not be essential in head and neck radiotherapy, where effective immobilisation is possible. This study aimed to evaluate whether an offline protocol implementing the shifts derived from the first few fractions can be an acceptable alternative to daily imaging for helical tomotherapy.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Oncology