Theoretical and Applied Genetics (Theor Appl Genet)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Founded in 1929 as "Der Züchter" a German journal for theoretical and applied genetics. In 1966 its direction changed from national to international and from plant breeding to genetics and breeding research. The title changed in 1968 to "Theoretical and Applied Genetics". Edited by H. Stubbe from 1946 to 1976 by H. F. Linskens 1977 to 1987 and by G. Wenzel from 1988. TAG will publish original articles in the following areas: Genetic and physiological fundamentals of plant breeding Applications of plant biotechnology Theoretical considerations in combination with experimental data

Current impact factor: 3.79

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 3.79
2013 Impact Factor 3.507
2012 Impact Factor 3.658
2011 Impact Factor 3.297
2010 Impact Factor 3.264
2009 Impact Factor 3.363
2008 Impact Factor 3.49
2007 Impact Factor 3.137
2006 Impact Factor 2.715
2005 Impact Factor 3.063
2004 Impact Factor 2.981
2003 Impact Factor 2.287
2002 Impact Factor 2.264
2001 Impact Factor 2.438
2000 Impact Factor 2.358
1999 Impact Factor 2.082
1998 Impact Factor 2.224
1997 Impact Factor 2.04
1996 Impact Factor 2.313
1995 Impact Factor 2.452
1994 Impact Factor 2.536
1993 Impact Factor 2.364
1992 Impact Factor 2.095

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.99
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.75
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.93
Website Theoretical and Applied Genetics (TAG) website
Other titles Theoretical and applied genetics (Online), TAG, TAG, theoretical and applied genetics
ISSN 1432-2242
OCLC 39970596
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
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    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: Only three variants of nonrestoring alleles for sugar beet Rf1 were found from the US maintainer lines which were the selections from a broad range of genetic resources. Cytoplasmic male sterility is widely used for hybrid breeding of sugar beets. Specific genotypes with a nonsterility-inducing cytoplasm and a nonrestoring allele of restorer-of-fertility gene (rf) are called maintainers. The infrequent occurrence of the maintainer genotype evokes the need to diagnose rf alleles. Molecular analysis of Rf1, one of the sugar beet Rfs, revealed a high level of nucleotide sequence diversity, but three variants were tightly associated with maintainer selection in Japan. The question was raised whether this small number of variants would be seen in cases where a wider range of genetic resources was used for maintainer selection. Fifty-seven accessions registered as maintainers in the USDA germplasm collection were characterized in this study. Mitochondrial DNA types (mitotypes) of 551 plants were diagnosed based on minisatellite polymorphism. A mitotype associated with sterility-inducing (S) cytoplasm was identified in 58 plants, indicating S-cytoplasm contamination. The organization of rf1 was investigated by two PCR markers and DNA gel blot analysis. Eight haplotypes were found among the US maintainers, but subsequently two haplotypes were judged as restoring alleles after a test cross and another haplotype was not inherited by the progeny. Nucleotide sequences of rf1 regions in the remaining five haplotypes were compared, and despite the sequence diversity of the gene-flanking regions, the gene-coding regions were identified to be three types. Therefore, there are three rf1 variants in US maintainers, the same number as in the Japanese sugar beet germplasm collection. The implications of having a small repertoire of rf1 variants are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: Soybean deploys multiple genetic mechanisms to confer tolerance to Fusarium virguliforme toxins. This study revealed that F. virguliforme culture filtrates could be used in mapping QTL underlying foliar SDS resistance. Sudden death syndrome (SDS) is a major soybean disease throughout most of the soybean growing regions in the world including the United States. The disease is caused by the fungal pathogen, Fusarium virguliforme (Fv). The fungus produces several toxins that are responsible for development of interveinal leaf chlorosis and necrosis, which are typical foliar SDS symptoms. Growing of resistant cultivars has been the most effective method in controlling the disease. The objective of the present study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) underlying host responses of soybean to Fv toxins present in culture filtrates. To accomplish this objective, two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations, AX19286 (A95-684043 × LS94-3207) and AX19287 (A95-684043 × LS98-0582), segregating for SDS resistance were evaluated for foliar symptom development by applying two screening protocols, the stem cutting and the root feeding assays. The AX19286 population revealed two major and seven minor QTL for SDS resistance. In the AX19287 population, we identified five major QTL and three minor QTL. The two QTL mapped to Chromosome 7 [molecular linkage group (MLG) M] and Chromosome 20 (MLG I) are most likely novel, and were detected through screening of the AX19287 population with stem cutting and root feeding assays, respectively. This study established that Fv culture filtrates could be employed in mapping QTL underlying foliar SDS resistance. The outcomes of the research also suggest that multiple genetic mechanisms might be used by soybean to overcome the toxic effects of the toxins secreted by the pathogen into culture filtrates.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: YrSM139-1B maybe a new gene for effective resistance to stripe rust and useful flanking markers for marker-assisted selection were developed. Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, is an important foliar disease of wheat. Two dominant stripe rust resistant genes YrSM139-1B and YrSM139-2D were pyramided in bread wheat cultivar Shaanmai 139; one from wild emmer and the other from Thinopyrum intermedium. Three near-isogenic F7:8 line pairs (contrasting RILs), N122-1013R/S, N122-185R/S, and N122-1812R/S, independently derived from different F2 plants and differing at the YrSM139-1B locus were generated from the cross Shaanmai 139 × Hu 901-19 through marker-assisted selection. A large F2:3 population from cross N122-1013R × N122-1013S tested for stripe rust response and subjected to analysis with markers in the 1BS10-0.5 bin region using SSR expressed sequence tags (EST) and site-specific sequence markers developed from the 90 K Illumina iSelect SNP array. Five EST-STS markers and four allele-specific PCR markers were mapped to the YrSM139-1B region. The 30.5 cM genetic map for YrSM139-1B consisted of nine markers, two of which were closer to YrSM139-1B than Xgwm273, which was used in producing the contrasting RIL pairs. Race response data and allelism tests showed that YrSM139-1B is different from Yr10, Yr15, and Yr24/26/CH42.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: Genomic prediction of malting quality traits in barley shows the potential of applying genomic selection to improve selection for malting quality and speed up the breeding process. Genomic selection has been applied to various plant species, mostly for yield or yield-related traits such as grain dry matter yield or thousand kernel weight, and improvement of resistances against diseases. Quality traits have not been the main scope of analysis for genomic selection, but have rather been addressed by marker-assisted selection. In this study, the potential to apply genomic selection to twelve malting quality traits in two commercial breeding programs of spring and winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was assessed. Phenotypic means were calculated combining multilocational field trial data from 3 or 4 years, depending on the trait investigated. Three to five locations were available in each of these years. Heritabilities for malting traits ranged between 0.50 and 0.98. Predictive abilities (PA), as derived from cross validation, ranged between 0.14 to 0.58 for spring barley and 0.40-0.80 for winter barley. Small training sets were shown to be sufficient to obtain useful PAs, possibly due to the narrow genetic base in this breeding material. Deployment of genomic selection in malting barley breeding clearly has the potential to reduce cost intensive phenotyping for quality traits, increase selection intensity and to shorten breeding cycles.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: This is the first report on genetic mapping of a resistance locus against Fusarium wilt caused by the plant pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae in cultivated eggplant. Fusarium wilt, caused by the plant pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae, is a major soil-borne disease threatening stable production in eggplant (Solanum melongena). Although three eggplant germplasms, LS1934, LS174, and LS2436, are known to be highly resistant to the pathogen, their resistance loci have not been mapped. In this study, we performed quantitative trait locus analyses in F2:3 populations and detected a resistance locus, FM1, at the end of chromosome 2, with two alleles, Fm1 (L) and Fm1 (E) , in the F2 populations LWF2 [LS1934 × WCGR112-8 (susceptible)] and EWF2 [EPL-1 (derived from LS174) × WCGR112-8], respectively. The percentage of phenotypic variance explained by Fm1 (L) derived from LS1934 was 75.0 % [Logarithm of the odds (LOD) = 29.3], and that explained by Fm1 (E) derived from EPL-1 was 92.2 % (LOD = 65.8). Using backcrossed inbred lines, we mapped FM1 between two simple sequence repeat markers located ~4.881 cM apart from each other. Comparing the location of the above locus to those of previously reported ones, the resistance locus Rfo-sa1 from an eggplant ally (Solanum aethiopicum gr. Gilo) was mapped very close to FM1, whereas another resistance locus, from LS2436, was mapped to the middle of chromosome 4. This is the first report of mapping of a Fusarium resistance locus in cultivated eggplant. The availability of resistance-linked markers will enable the application of marker-assisted selection to overcome problems posed by self-incompatibility and introduction of negative traits because of linkage drag, and will lead to clear understanding of genetic mechanism of Fusarium resistance.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: Identification of QTL for phytosterol content, oil content, fatty acids content, protein content of defatted meal, and seed weight by multiple interval mapping in a Brassica napus DH population. Phytosterols are minor seed constituents in oilseed rape which have recently drawn wide-interest from the food and nutrition industry due to their health benefit in lowering LDL cholesterol in humans. To understand the genetic basis of phytosterol content and its relationship with other seed quality traits in oilseed rape, QTL mapping was performed in a segregating DH population derived from the cross of two winter oilseed rape varieties, Sansibar and Oase, termed SODH population. Both parental lines are of canola quality which differ in phytosterol and oil content in seed. A genetic map was constructed for SODH population based on a total of 1638 markers organized in 23 linkage groups and covering a map length of 2350 cM with a mean marker interval of 2.0 cM. The SODH population and the parental lines were cultivated at six environments in Europe and were phenotyped for phytosterol content, oil content, fatty acids content, protein content of the defatted meal, and seed weight. Multiple interval mapping identified between one and six QTL for nine phytosterol traits, between two and six QTL for four fatty acids, five QTL for oil content, four QTL for protein content of defatted meal, and three QTL for seed weight. Colocalizations of QTL for different traits were more frequently observed than individual isolated QTL. Major QTL (R (2) ≥ 25 %) were all located in the A genome, and the possible candidate genes were investigated by physical localization of the QTL to the reference genome sequence of Brassica rapa.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics