Theoretical and Applied Genetics (Theor Appl Genet)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Founded in 1929 as "Der Züchter" a German journal for theoretical and applied genetics. In 1966 its direction changed from national to international and from plant breeding to genetics and breeding research. The title changed in 1968 to "Theoretical and Applied Genetics". Edited by H. Stubbe from 1946 to 1976 by H. F. Linskens 1977 to 1987 and by G. Wenzel from 1988. TAG will publish original articles in the following areas: Genetic and physiological fundamentals of plant breeding Applications of plant biotechnology Theoretical considerations in combination with experimental data

Current impact factor: 3.79

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 3.79
2013 Impact Factor 3.507
2012 Impact Factor 3.658
2011 Impact Factor 3.297
2010 Impact Factor 3.264
2009 Impact Factor 3.363
2008 Impact Factor 3.49
2007 Impact Factor 3.137
2006 Impact Factor 2.715
2005 Impact Factor 3.063
2004 Impact Factor 2.981
2003 Impact Factor 2.287
2002 Impact Factor 2.264
2001 Impact Factor 2.438
2000 Impact Factor 2.358
1999 Impact Factor 2.082
1998 Impact Factor 2.224
1997 Impact Factor 2.04
1996 Impact Factor 2.313
1995 Impact Factor 2.452
1994 Impact Factor 2.536
1993 Impact Factor 2.364
1992 Impact Factor 2.095

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.99
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.75
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.93
Website Theoretical and Applied Genetics (TAG) website
Other titles Theoretical and applied genetics (Online), TAG, TAG, theoretical and applied genetics
ISSN 1432-2242
OCLC 39970596
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key message: First report for the resynthesis of Brassica napus by recombining A and C genome from B. juncea and B. carinata , respectively. Also documents B genome introgressions in resynthesized B. napus. Resynthesis of Brassica napus (AACC) was achieved by hybridizing Brassica juncea (AABB) with Brassica carinata (BBCC). This was facilitated by spontaneous chromosome doubling in the F1 hybrid (ABBC) to yield octaploid (AABBBBCC), elimination of extra B genome chromosomes in the resulting octaploid and in subsequent selfed generations, aided with directed selection for fertile plants having B. napus morphology. Twenty-five plants with varying degrees of resemblance to natural B. napus were identified from 17 A5 progenies and assayed for cytogenetic stability and genetic diversity. Majority of these plants, except six (2n = 38) were hyperploids (2n = 40-56). The six plants with 2n = 38 were designated as derived B. napus types. These showed an expected meiotic configuration of 19II at metaphase-I, with 19-19 distribution at anaphase-I. Genotyping based on A and C genome specific primers confirmed genetic identity of six derived (2n = 38) B. napus plants with natural types whereas genotyping with B genome specific primers indicated introgression of B genome segments. This was also confirmed by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH). Strong signals of B genome probe were detected, proving hitherto unreported genetic exchanges between B and A/C chromosomes. These introgressions possibly occurred en route five generations of selfing. Derived plants yielded fertile hybrids in crosses with natural B. napus var. GSC 6. The selfed derived plants as evaluated in A6 plant to progeny rows were morphologically similar to natural B. napus, and meiotically stable. Agronomic assessment of these progenies revealed variation for key morpho-physiological traits. Of special interest were the progenies with plants having oil content exceeding 47 % as against about 39-41 % in existing cultivars.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: This is the first report of the production and use of a diploid inbred line-based F2 population for genetic mapping in potato. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an important global food crop, for which tetrasomic inheritance and self-incompatibility have limited both genetic discovery and breeding gains. We report here on the creation of the first diploid inbred line-derived F2 population in potato, and demonstrate its utility for genetic mapping. To create the population, the doubled monoploid potato DM1-3 was crossed as a female to M6, an S7 inbred line derived from the wild relative S. chacoense, and a single F1 plant was then self-pollinated. A genetic linkage map with 2264 single nucleotide polymorphisms was constructed and used to improve the physical anchoring of superscaffolds in the potato reference genome, which is based on DM1-3. Segregation was observed for skin and flesh color, skin and flesh pigment intensity, tuber shape, anther development, jelly end, and the presence of eye tubers instead of normal sprouts. Using the R/qtl software, we detected 10 genes, 7 of which have been previously mapped and 3 for which this is the first publication. The latter category includes tightly linked genes for the jelly end and eye tuber traits on chromosome 5. The development of recombinant inbred lines from this F2 population by single-seed descent is underway and should facilitate even better resolution of these and other loci.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: Quantitative disease resistance is used by plant breeders to improve host resistance. We demonstrate a role for a maize remorin ( ZmREM6.3 ) in quantitative resistance against northern leaf blight using high-resolution fine mapping, expression analysis, and mutants. This is the first evidence of a role for remorins in plant-fungal interactions. Quantitative disease resistance (QDR) is important for the development of crop cultivars and is particularly useful when loci also confer multiple disease resistance. Despite its widespread use, the underlying mechanisms of QDR remain largely unknown. In this study, we fine-mapped a known quantitative trait locus (QTL) conditioning disease resistance on chromosome 1 of maize. This locus confers resistance to three foliar diseases: northern leaf blight (NLB), caused by the fungus Setosphaeria turcica; Stewart's wilt, caused by the bacterium Pantoea stewartii; and common rust, caused by the fungus Puccinia sorghi. The Stewart's wilt QTL was confined to a 5.26-Mb interval, while the rust QTL was reduced to an overlapping 2.56-Mb region. We show tight linkage between the NLB QTL locus and the loci conferring resistance to Stewart's wilt and common rust. Pleiotropy cannot be excluded for the Stewart's wilt and the common rust QTL, as they were fine-mapped to overlapping regions. Four positional candidate genes within the 243-kb NLB interval were examined with expression and mutant analysis: a gene with homology to an F-box gene, a remorin gene (ZmREM6.3), a chaperonin gene, and an uncharacterized gene. The F-box gene and ZmREM6.3 were more highly expressed in the resistant line. Transposon tagging mutants were tested for the chaperonin and ZmREM6.3, and the remorin mutant was found to be more susceptible to NLB. The putative F-box is a strong candidate, but mutants were not available to test this gene. Multiple lines of evidence strongly suggest a role for ZmREM6.3 in quantitative disease resistance.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: The wheat stripe rust resistance gene Yr36 ( WKS1 ) with a unique kinase-START domain architecture is highly conserved in wild emmer wheat natural populations. Wild emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccoides) populations have developed various resistance strategies against the stripe rust pathogen Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst). The wild emmer gene, Yr36 (WKS1), which confers partial resistance to a broad spectrum of Pst races, is composed of a kinase and a START lipid-binding domain, a unique gene architecture found only in the Triticeae tribe. The analysis of 435 wild emmer accessions from a broad range of natural habitats revealed that WKS1 and its paralogue WKS2 are present only in the southern distribution range of wild emmer in the Fertile Crescent, supporting the idea that wheat domestication occurred in the northern populations. An analysis of full-length WKS1 sequence from 54 accessions identified 15 different haplotypes and very low-nucleotide diversity (π = 0.00019). The high level of WKS1 sequence conservation among wild emmer populations is in contrast to the high level of diversity previously observed in NB-LRR genes (e.g., Lr10 and Pm3). This phenomenon may reflect the different resistance mechanisms and different evolutionary pathways that shaped these genes, and may shed light on the evolution of genes that confer partial resistance to stripe rust. Only five WKS1 coding sequence haplotypes were revealed among all tested accessions, encoding four different putative WKS1 proteins (designated P0, P1, P2, and P3). Infection tests showed that P0, P1, and P3 haplotypes display a resistance response, while P2 displayed a susceptible response. These results show that the WKS1 proteins (P0, P1, and P3) can be useful to improve wheat resistance to stripe rust.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: Only three variants of nonrestoring alleles for sugar beet Rf1 were found from the US maintainer lines which were the selections from a broad range of genetic resources. Cytoplasmic male sterility is widely used for hybrid breeding of sugar beets. Specific genotypes with a nonsterility-inducing cytoplasm and a nonrestoring allele of restorer-of-fertility gene (rf) are called maintainers. The infrequent occurrence of the maintainer genotype evokes the need to diagnose rf alleles. Molecular analysis of Rf1, one of the sugar beet Rfs, revealed a high level of nucleotide sequence diversity, but three variants were tightly associated with maintainer selection in Japan. The question was raised whether this small number of variants would be seen in cases where a wider range of genetic resources was used for maintainer selection. Fifty-seven accessions registered as maintainers in the USDA germplasm collection were characterized in this study. Mitochondrial DNA types (mitotypes) of 551 plants were diagnosed based on minisatellite polymorphism. A mitotype associated with sterility-inducing (S) cytoplasm was identified in 58 plants, indicating S-cytoplasm contamination. The organization of rf1 was investigated by two PCR markers and DNA gel blot analysis. Eight haplotypes were found among the US maintainers, but subsequently two haplotypes were judged as restoring alleles after a test cross and another haplotype was not inherited by the progeny. Nucleotide sequences of rf1 regions in the remaining five haplotypes were compared, and despite the sequence diversity of the gene-flanking regions, the gene-coding regions were identified to be three types. Therefore, there are three rf1 variants in US maintainers, the same number as in the Japanese sugar beet germplasm collection. The implications of having a small repertoire of rf1 variants are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: Soybean deploys multiple genetic mechanisms to confer tolerance to Fusarium virguliforme toxins. This study revealed that F. virguliforme culture filtrates could be used in mapping QTL underlying foliar SDS resistance. Sudden death syndrome (SDS) is a major soybean disease throughout most of the soybean growing regions in the world including the United States. The disease is caused by the fungal pathogen, Fusarium virguliforme (Fv). The fungus produces several toxins that are responsible for development of interveinal leaf chlorosis and necrosis, which are typical foliar SDS symptoms. Growing of resistant cultivars has been the most effective method in controlling the disease. The objective of the present study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) underlying host responses of soybean to Fv toxins present in culture filtrates. To accomplish this objective, two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations, AX19286 (A95-684043 × LS94-3207) and AX19287 (A95-684043 × LS98-0582), segregating for SDS resistance were evaluated for foliar symptom development by applying two screening protocols, the stem cutting and the root feeding assays. The AX19286 population revealed two major and seven minor QTL for SDS resistance. In the AX19287 population, we identified five major QTL and three minor QTL. The two QTL mapped to Chromosome 7 [molecular linkage group (MLG) M] and Chromosome 20 (MLG I) are most likely novel, and were detected through screening of the AX19287 population with stem cutting and root feeding assays, respectively. This study established that Fv culture filtrates could be employed in mapping QTL underlying foliar SDS resistance. The outcomes of the research also suggest that multiple genetic mechanisms might be used by soybean to overcome the toxic effects of the toxins secreted by the pathogen into culture filtrates.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: YrSM139-1B maybe a new gene for effective resistance to stripe rust and useful flanking markers for marker-assisted selection were developed. Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, is an important foliar disease of wheat. Two dominant stripe rust resistant genes YrSM139-1B and YrSM139-2D were pyramided in bread wheat cultivar Shaanmai 139; one from wild emmer and the other from Thinopyrum intermedium. Three near-isogenic F7:8 line pairs (contrasting RILs), N122-1013R/S, N122-185R/S, and N122-1812R/S, independently derived from different F2 plants and differing at the YrSM139-1B locus were generated from the cross Shaanmai 139 × Hu 901-19 through marker-assisted selection. A large F2:3 population from cross N122-1013R × N122-1013S tested for stripe rust response and subjected to analysis with markers in the 1BS10-0.5 bin region using SSR expressed sequence tags (EST) and site-specific sequence markers developed from the 90 K Illumina iSelect SNP array. Five EST-STS markers and four allele-specific PCR markers were mapped to the YrSM139-1B region. The 30.5 cM genetic map for YrSM139-1B consisted of nine markers, two of which were closer to YrSM139-1B than Xgwm273, which was used in producing the contrasting RIL pairs. Race response data and allelism tests showed that YrSM139-1B is different from Yr10, Yr15, and Yr24/26/CH42.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: Genomic prediction of malting quality traits in barley shows the potential of applying genomic selection to improve selection for malting quality and speed up the breeding process. Genomic selection has been applied to various plant species, mostly for yield or yield-related traits such as grain dry matter yield or thousand kernel weight, and improvement of resistances against diseases. Quality traits have not been the main scope of analysis for genomic selection, but have rather been addressed by marker-assisted selection. In this study, the potential to apply genomic selection to twelve malting quality traits in two commercial breeding programs of spring and winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was assessed. Phenotypic means were calculated combining multilocational field trial data from 3 or 4 years, depending on the trait investigated. Three to five locations were available in each of these years. Heritabilities for malting traits ranged between 0.50 and 0.98. Predictive abilities (PA), as derived from cross validation, ranged between 0.14 to 0.58 for spring barley and 0.40-0.80 for winter barley. Small training sets were shown to be sufficient to obtain useful PAs, possibly due to the narrow genetic base in this breeding material. Deployment of genomic selection in malting barley breeding clearly has the potential to reduce cost intensive phenotyping for quality traits, increase selection intensity and to shorten breeding cycles.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Key message: This is the first report on genetic mapping of a resistance locus against Fusarium wilt caused by the plant pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae in cultivated eggplant. Fusarium wilt, caused by the plant pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae, is a major soil-borne disease threatening stable production in eggplant (Solanum melongena). Although three eggplant germplasms, LS1934, LS174, and LS2436, are known to be highly resistant to the pathogen, their resistance loci have not been mapped. In this study, we performed quantitative trait locus analyses in F2:3 populations and detected a resistance locus, FM1, at the end of chromosome 2, with two alleles, Fm1 (L) and Fm1 (E) , in the F2 populations LWF2 [LS1934 × WCGR112-8 (susceptible)] and EWF2 [EPL-1 (derived from LS174) × WCGR112-8], respectively. The percentage of phenotypic variance explained by Fm1 (L) derived from LS1934 was 75.0 % [Logarithm of the odds (LOD) = 29.3], and that explained by Fm1 (E) derived from EPL-1 was 92.2 % (LOD = 65.8). Using backcrossed inbred lines, we mapped FM1 between two simple sequence repeat markers located ~4.881 cM apart from each other. Comparing the location of the above locus to those of previously reported ones, the resistance locus Rfo-sa1 from an eggplant ally (Solanum aethiopicum gr. Gilo) was mapped very close to FM1, whereas another resistance locus, from LS2436, was mapped to the middle of chromosome 4. This is the first report of mapping of a Fusarium resistance locus in cultivated eggplant. The availability of resistance-linked markers will enable the application of marker-assisted selection to overcome problems posed by self-incompatibility and introduction of negative traits because of linkage drag, and will lead to clear understanding of genetic mechanism of Fusarium resistance.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Theoretical and Applied Genetics