Neurosignals (Neurosignals)

Publisher: Karger

Journal description

NeuroSignals is an international journal dedicated to publishing original articles, reviews and short reports in the field of neuronal communication. Novel findings related to signaling machinery, pathways and networks that are associated with development and functioning of the nervous system are most welcome. Reported observations should significantly contribute to the advancement of our understanding of neuronal signaling and be presented in a format applicable to an interdisciplinary readership. Manuscripts addressing the journal's topics of discussion from a bioinformatics perspective will also be considered for publication.

Current impact factor: 2.00

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2
2013 Impact Factor 4.026
2012 Impact Factor 2.561
2011 Impact Factor 2.111
2010 Impact Factor 3.967
2009 Impact Factor 5.75
2008 Impact Factor 2.273
2007 Impact Factor 2.308
2006 Impact Factor 2.228
2005 Impact Factor 2.293
2004 Impact Factor 3.585
2003 Impact Factor 3.176

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 2.74
Cited half-life 6.40
Immediacy index 0.20
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.82
Website Neurosignals website
ISSN 1424-8638
OCLC 300124922
Material type Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Karger

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institutional website
    • Server must be non-commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License 3.0
    • All titles are open access journals
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Karger'
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal

  • Nase S. · Köhler S. · Jennebach J. · Eckert A. · Schweinfurth N. · Gallinat J. · Lang U.E. · Kühn S.
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: The predictive therapeutic value of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its changes associated with the use of specific antidepressants are still unclear. In this study, we examined BDNF as a peripheral and NAA as a central biomarker over the time course of antidepressant treatment to specify both of their roles in the response to the medication and clinical outcome. Methods: We examined serum BDNF (ELISA kit) in a sample of 76 (47 female and 29 male) depressed patients in a naturalistic setting. BDNF was assessed before medication and subsequently after two, four and six weeks of antidepressant treatment. Additionally, in fifteen patients, N-acetylaspartate (NAA) was measured in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) with magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Over a time course of six weeks BDNF and NAA were also examined in a group of 41 healthy controls. Results: We found significant lower serum BDNF concentrations in depressed patients compared to the sample of healthy volunteers before and after medication. BDNF and clinical symptoms decreased significantly in the patients over the time course of antidepressant treatment. Serum BDNF levels at baseline predicted the symptom outcome after eight weeks. Specifically, responders and remitters had lower serum BDNF at baseline than the nonresponders and nonremitters. NAA was slightly decreased but not significantly lower in depressed patients when compared with healthy controls. During treatment period, NAA showed a tendency to increase. Limitations: A relative high drop-out rate and possibly, a suboptimal observation period for BDNF. Conclusion: Our data confirm serum BDNF as a biomarker of depression with a possible role in response prediction. However, our findings argue against serum BDNF increase being a prerequisite to depressive symptom reduction.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Neurosignals
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: Klotho, a transmembrane protein expressed in chorioid plexus of the brain, kidney, and several other tissues, is required for inhibition of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation by FGF23. The extracellular domain of Klotho protein could be cleaved off, thus being released into blood or cerebrospinal fluid. At least in part by exerting β-glucuronidase activity, soluble klotho regulates several ion channels and carriers. Klotho protein deficiency accelerates the appearance of age related disorders including neurodegeneration and muscle wasting and eventually leads to premature death. The present study explored the effect of Klotho protein on the excitatory glutamate transporters EAAT1 (SLC1A3) and EAAT2 (SLC1A2), Na+ coupled carriers clearing excitatory amino acids from the synaptic cleft and thus participating in the regulation of neuronal excitability. Methods: cRNA encoding EAAT1 or EAAT2 was injected into Xenopus laevis oocytes and glutamate (2 mM)-induced inward current (IGlu) taken as measure of glutamate transport. Measurements were made without or with prior 24 h treatment with soluble ß-Klotho protein (30 ng/ml) in the absence and presence of β-glucuronidase inhibitor D-saccharic acid 1,4-lactone monohydrate (DSAL,10 µM). Results: IGlu was observed in EAAT1 and in EAAT2 expressing oocytes but not in water injected oocytes. In both, EAAT1 and EAAT2 expressing oocytes IGlu was significantly increased by treatment with soluble ß-Klotho protein, an effect reversed by DSAL. Treatment with ß-klotho protein increased significantly the maximal transport rate without significantly modifying the affinity of the carriers. Conclusion: ß-Klotho up-regulates the excitatory glutamate transporters EAAT1 and EAAT2 and thus participates in the regulation of neuronal excitation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Neurosignals
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: Kir2.1 (KCNJ2) channels are expressed in neurons, skeletal muscle and cardiac tissue and maintain the resting membrane potential. The activity of those channels is regulated by diverse signalling molecules. The present study explored whether Kir2.1 channels are sensitive to the transporter and channels regulating kinases SPAK (SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1), which are in turn regulated by WNK (with-no-K[Lys]) kinases. Methods: cRNA encoding Kir2.1 was injected into Xenopus laevis oocytes with or without additional injection of cRNA encoding wild-type SPAK, constitutively active T233ESPAK, WNK insensitive T233ASPAK, catalytically inactive D212ASPAK, wild-type OSR1, constitutively active T185EOSR1, WNK insensitive T185AOSR1 and catalytically inactive D164AOSR1. Inwardly rectifying K+ channel activity was quantified utilizing dual electrode voltage clamp and Kir2.1 channel protein abundance in the cell membrane was measured utilizing chemiluminescence of Kir2.1 containing an extracellular HA-tag epitope. Results: Kir2.1 activity was significantly enhanced by wild-type SPAK and T233ESPAK, but not by T233ASPAK and D212ASPAK, as well as by wild-type OSR1 and T185EOSR1, but not by T185AOSR1 and D164AOSR1. As shown for SPAK, the kinases enhanced Kir2.1 protein abundance in the cell membrane. The difference of current and conductance between oocytes expressing Kir2.1 together with SPAK or OSR1 and oocytes expressing Kir2.1 alone was dissipated following a 24 hours inhibition of channel insertion into the cell membrane by brefeldin A (5 µM). Conclusions: SPAK and OSR1 are both stimulators of Kir2.1 activity. They are presumably effective by enhancing channel insertion into the cell membrane.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Neurosignals
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: Lithium, a widely used drug for the treatment of mood disorders, has previously been shown to stimulate the release of fibroblast growth factor FGF23, a powerful regulator of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation and mineral metabolism. The cellular mechanisms involved have remained elusive. Lithium has been shown to modify Ca2+ signaling. In a wide variety of cells, Ca2+ entry is accomplished by the pore-forming Ca2+ channel subunit Orai1 and its regulator STIM, which stimulates Orai following Ca2+ depletion of intracellular stores. Transcription factors promoting Orai1 expression include NF-x03BA;B. The present study thus explored whether the effect of lithium on FGF23 involves and requires Ca2+ entry. Methods: Experiments were performed in UMR106 osteoblastic cells and immortalized primary osteoblasts (IPO). FGF23 and Orai1 transcript levels were estimated from qRT-PCR, cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) from Fura2 fluorescence and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) from an increase in [Ca2+]i following store depletion by inhibition of the sarcoendoplasmatic Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) with thapsigargin (1 µM). Results: SOCE in UMR106 cells was enhanced by lithium treatment, an effect abrogated by Orai1 inhibitor 2-APB (50 µM). FGF23 transcript levels were increased by lithium and inhibited by Orai1 inhibitors 2-APB (50 µM) and YM58483 (100 nM) as well as NF-x03BA;B inhibitors wogonin (100 µM) and withaferin A (500 nM). Moreover, Orai1 transcript levels were up-regulated by lithium, an effect attenuated by wogonin and withaferin A. Conclusion: Lithium stimulates FGF23 release at least in part by NF-x03BA;B dependent up-regulation of Orai1 transcription and store operated Ca2+ entry.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Neurosignals
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The creatine transporter CreaT (SLC6A8), a Na+,Cl- coupled transporter is expressed in diverse tissues including the brain. Genetic defects of SLC6A8 result in mental retardation with seizures. The present study explored the regulation of CreaT by Janus kinase JAK3, which is expressed in a variety of tissues including the brain and participates in the regulation of cell survival and differentiation of neuronal precursor cells. Methods: CreaT was expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes with or without wild-type JAK3, constitutively active A568VJAK3 and inactive K851AJAK3. Creatine transport in those oocytes was quantified utilizing dual electrode voltage clamp. Results: Electrogenic creatine transport was observed in CreaT expressing oocytes but not in water-injected oocytes. In CreaT expressing oocytes co-expression of JAK3 or A568VJAK3, but not co-expression of K851AJAK3 was followed by a significant decrease of creatine induced current. According to kinetic analysis JAK3 significantly decreased the maximal creatine transport rate. In CreaT and JAK3 expressing oocytes the creatine induced current was significantly increased by JAK3 inhibitor WHI-P154 (22 µM). Conclusion: JAK3 is a powerful negative regulator of the creatine transporter CreaT.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Neurosignals
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    ABSTRACT: Mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus (Mes V) neurons represent an uncommon class of primary sensory neurons. Besides receiving somatosensory information, Mes V neurons are also involved in regulating multisensory information. The present review first describes the passive features as well as three important currents, followed by a distinct excitability classification and a description of the excitability transition of Mes V neurons. Furthermore, their resonance property, the existence of membrane oscillation and electrical coupling which may promote strong synchronization, as well as their function in controlling stretch reflex activity, are discussed. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Neurosignals
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    ABSTRACT: G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and their ligands are critical regulators of neural progenitor differentiation, and GPCR signaling pathways are regulated by regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins. RGS protein expression is dynamically regulated, and we have recently described the epigenetic regulation of RGS transcript expression. Given the potential of RGS proteins to regulate GPCR signaling and the established role of epigenetic regulation in progenitor differentiation, we explored the impact of epigenetic regulation of RGS transcripts during in vitro differentiation of human neural progenitors. Here, we demonstrate robust upregulation of the RGS transcripts RGS4, RGS5, RGS6, RGS7, and RGS11 during neuronal differentiation, while DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) and histone deacetylase enzyme expression is suppressed during differentiation. Transcripts encoding R7 subfamily RGS proteins and the R7-binding partners R7BP and R9AP showed the greatest upregulation. Further, we showed that direct pharmacological inhibition of DNMT activity enhances expression of RGS2, RGS4, RGS5, RGS6, RGS7, RGS8, RGS9L, RGS10, and RGS14 as well as R7BP and R9AP transcripts in progenitors, consistent with regulation by DNMTs. Our results reveal marked upregulation of RGS expression during neuronal differentiation and suggest that decreased expression of DNMT enzymes during differentiation contributes to upregulation. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Neurosignals
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous study indicated that coadministration of tramadol and minocycline exerted synergistic effects on spinal nerve ligation (SNL)-induced neuropathic mechanical allodynia. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Recent reports indicated that spinal proinflammatory factor interleukin-1β (IL-1β) contributed to the development of neuropathic pain and the positive feedback communication between neuron and glia. Therefore, the present research is to confirm whether spinal IL-1β-related pathway response contributes to the synergistic effects of tramadol and minocycline on SNL-induced neuropathic pain. Real-time RT-PCR demonstrated IL-1β up-expression in the ipsilateral spinal dorsal horn 3 days after lesion, which could be significantly decreased by tramadol and minocycline coadministration. Immunofluorescence and Western blot indicated that SNL-induced microglial phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) upregulation was also inhibited by tramadol and minocycline coapplication. Meanwhile, intrathecal administration of p38 inhibitor SB203580 markedly alleviated mechanical allodynia whilst reducing IL-1β and Fos expression induced by SNL. Moreover, intrathecal neutralized antibody of IL-1β could depress SNL-induced mechanical allodynia and Fos expression. These results suggest that depressing SNL-induced aberrant activation of the spinal dorsal horn IL-1β-related pathway contributes to the underlying mechanism of the synergistic effects of tramadol and minocycline coadministration on SNL-induced neuropathic mechanical allodynia. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Neurosignals
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    ABSTRACT: The Golgi apparatus (GA), an intermediate organelle of the cell inner membrane system, plays a key role in protein glycosylation and secretion. In recent years, this organelle has been found to act as a vital intracellular Ca(2+) store because different Ca(2+) regulators, such as the inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate receptor, sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase and secretory pathway Ca(2+)-ATPase, were demonstrated to localize on their membrane. The mechanisms involved in Ca(2+) release and uptake in the GA have now been established. Here, based on careful backward looking on compartments and patterns in GA Ca(2+) regulation, we review neurological diseases related to GA calcium remodeling and propose a modified cytosolic Ca(2+) adjustment model, in which GA acts as part of the panel point.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Neurosignals
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    ABSTRACT: The efficiency of neural circuits is modified by changes not only in synaptic strength, but also in intrinsic excitability of neurons. In CA1 hippocampal pyramidal neurons, bidirectional changes in the intrinsic excitability are often presented after induction of synaptic long-term potentiation or depression. This plasticity of intrinsic excitability has been identified as a cellular correlate of learning. Besides, behavioral learning often involves action of reinforcement or rewarding mediated by dopamine (DA). Here, we examined how DA influences the intrinsic plasticity of CA1 hippocampal pyramidal neurons when high-frequency stimulation (HFS) was applied to Schaffer collaterals. The results showed that DA inhibits the decrease in rheobase and increase in mean firing rate of pyramidal neurons induced by HFS, and that this inhibition was abolished by the D(1)-like receptor antagonist SCH23390 but not by the D(2)-like receptor antagonist sulpiride. The results suggest that DA inhibits the potentiation of excitability induced by presynaptic HFS, and that this inhibition depends on the activation of D(1)-like receptors.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Neurosignals