Chemotherapy (Chemotherapy)

Publisher: International Society of Chemotherapy, Karger

Journal description

This journal publishes the results of investigations into the mode of action and pharmacologic properties of antibacterial, antiviral and antitumor substances. Although experimental work predominates, clinical studies are included. Papers selected for the journal offer data concerning the efficacy, toxicology, and interaction of new drugs in single and combined applications. The journal also publishes studies designed to determine pharmacokinetic properties or evaluate the comparative efficacy of similar preparations. The growth of chemotherapeutic applications is well served through the large number of contributions published in each issue and regular supplement issues devoted to specific themes concerning antibiotic and cytostatic chemotherapy.

Current impact factor: 1.29

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.288
2013 Impact Factor 1.554
2012 Impact Factor 2.066
2011 Impact Factor 1.816
2010 Impact Factor 2.108
2009 Impact Factor 2.028
2008 Impact Factor 1.515
2007 Impact Factor 1.503
2006 Impact Factor 1.511
2005 Impact Factor 1.413
2004 Impact Factor 1.248
2003 Impact Factor 1.184
2002 Impact Factor 0.967
2001 Impact Factor 1.129
2000 Impact Factor 1.021
1999 Impact Factor 0.797
1998 Impact Factor 0.752
1997 Impact Factor 0.709
1996 Impact Factor 1.014
1995 Impact Factor 0.864
1994 Impact Factor 0.842
1993 Impact Factor 0.659
1992 Impact Factor 0.54

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.27
Cited half-life 8.80
Immediacy index 0.25
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.30
Website Chemotherapy website
ISSN 1421-9794
OCLC 66467977
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's server or institutional server
    • Server must be non-commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The zoonotic transmission of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses and the global pandemic of H1N1 influenza in 2009 signified the need for a wider coverage of therapeutic options for the control of influenza. Methods: An in-house compound library was screened using a cytopathic effect inhibition assay. Selected hits were then tested in vivo and used as a core skeleton for derivative synthesis. Results: The hit compound (BMD-2601505) was effective [50% effective concentration (EC50) of 60-70 μM] in reducing the death rate of cells infected with human influenza A and B viruses as well as avian influenza A virus. Furthermore, BMD-2601505 reduced the weight loss and increased the survival after lethal infection. The compound was further modified to enhance its antiviral potency. Results show that one derivative with bromobenzene moiety was most effective (EC50 of 22-37 μM) against the influenza viruses tested. Conclusion: We identified a small benzamide compound exhibiting antiviral activity against influenza viruses. The results warrant further evaluation of antiviral activities against drug-resistant influenza isolates.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Surgical resection is the only curative treatment for extrahepatic bile duct cancer. Additionally, the recurrence rate after curative surgery is relatively high, requiring adjuvant therapy. However, the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy compared with surgery alone has not yet been clarified. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy and identify prognostic factors influencing survival in extrahepatic bile duct cancer patients who underwent curative surgical resection. Methods: Ninety-seven patients with extrahepatic bile duct cancer who underwent curative resection between January 2005 and December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 97 patients, 31 underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and 66 did not. The 5-year overall survival rate was 34% for patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy. There was no significant difference for overall survival between patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and those who did not (p = 0.228). On multivariate analysis, postoperative carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels and histologic grade were independent prognostic factors related to long-term survival (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy did not improve survival after surgical resection for extrahepatic bile duct cancer.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: This report describes a case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever with widespread hemorrhages and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in a 46-year-old patient from an endemic region. Although the patient had numerous poor prognostic factors, he was discharged in a healthy condition after 17 days of hospitalization with close monitoring and supportive care. Tranexamic acid was successfully used together with other supportive treatments.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: During the breastfeeding period, bacterial infections can occur in the nursing mother, requiring the use of antibiotics. A lack of accurate information may lead health care professionals and mothers to suspend breastfeeding, which may be unnecessary. This article provides information on the main antibiotics that are appropriate for clinical use and the interference of these antibiotics with the infant to support medical decisions regarding the discontinuation of breastfeeding. We aim to provide information on the pharmacokinetic factors that interfere with the passage of antibiotics into breast milk and the toxicological implications of absorption by the infant. Publications related to the 20 most frequently employed antibiotics and their transfer into breast milk were evaluated. The results demonstrate that most antibiotics in clinical use are considered suitable during breastfeeding; however, the pharmacokinetic profile of each drug must be observed to ensure the resolution of the maternal infection and the safety of the infant.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Pemetrexed is an antifolate chemotherapeutic agent approved for use in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is implicated in lung cancer development and inhibited by temsirolimus. Methods: We performed a phase I study evaluating the combination of pemetrexed and temsirolimus in advanced non-squamous NSCLC. Results: Eight patients were enrolled in this study. The dose-limiting toxicities included grade 4 thrombocytopenia, grade 3 leukopenia and grade 3 neutropenia. The maximum tolerated dose was determined to be pemetrexed 375 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1 and temsirolimus 25 mg intravenously on days 1, 8 and 15. No objective responses were noted and 3 patients had stable disease as the best response. Conclusion: The combination of pemetrexed and temsirolimus is feasible and well tolerated. This combination may be further evaluated in patients with mTOR pathway activation, particularly in those with TSC1 or STK11 mutations.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We studied the efficacy and safety of cabazitaxel in unselected real-life patients. Patients and methods: We retrospectively investigated all patients with metastatic prostate cancer (mPC) treated with cabazitaxel 25 mg/m2 i.v. every 3 weeks combined with oral prednisolone (10 mg once daily) after first-line docetaxel chemotherapy. Study issues were to report patient characteristics and cabazitaxel data in terms of tolerance and efficacy. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. All data were compared with TROPIC results. Results: From 2011 to 2014, 41 patients received cabazitaxel; 15 patients (37%) had a performance status (PS) ≥2 versus 7% (p < 0.0001) in TROPIC, and 38 patients (93%) presented a Gleason score ≥7 at baseline (vs. 60%; p < 0.0001). All patients had metastatic disease at baseline. Previous therapies were radiotherapy in 17 patients (41 vs. 61%; p = 0.01) and surgery in 24 patients (59 vs. 52%; p = 0.4). The median number of cabazitaxel cycles was 5 (1-10) versus 6 (3-10) in TROPIC. Five patients completed 10 cycles of cabazitaxel (12%) versus 28% in TROPIC (p = 0.03). Toxicities were anemia (12 patients, 29%), diarrhea (9 patients, 22%), nausea (7 patients, 17%), pain (6 patients, 15%), sepsis (4 patients, 10%), neutropenia (3 patients, 7%) and urinary tract infection (1 patient, 2%). The tumor response rate was 19.5 versus 14.4% in TROPIC (nonsignificant). PFS was 4.5 months (95% CI 3.3-6.4) in our analysis and 2.8 months (95% CI 2.4-3.0) in TROPIC. OS was 12.1 months (95% CI 9.2 to not reached) and 15.1 months (95% CI 14.1-16.3), respectively. Conclusion: In our unselected mPC patients with poorer baseline clinical conditions and aggressive disease, cabazitaxel seems efficient and not more toxic than in the TROPIC study.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Trabectedin plus pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) proved efficacious as second-line treatment for patients with recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). Methods: We report a single-center retrospective analysis of the efficacy and tolerance of trabectedin 1.1 mg/m2 every 3 weeks in a cohort of real-life ROC patients. Results: From February 2012 to January 2014, 17 patients were treated with trabectedin alone or combined with PLD. Median age was 61 years (range: 48-78). Performance status was 0-1 in 16 patients (94%). Disease response rate was 53% and disease control rate was 76%. At the end of the follow-up, 8 patients (47%) were alive. Median overall survival was 17.6 months (95% CI 13.6 to not reached). Median progression-free survival was 6.7 months (95% CI 5.4-10.0). The most frequent grade 3-4 toxicities were neutropenia (n = 4, 24%) and nausea/vomiting (n = 4, 24%). Conclusion: Trabectedin combined with PLD seems efficient in and well tolerated by real-life ROC patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We investigated the targeting of microtubules (MT) and F-actin cytoskeleton (AC) of the human pathogenic yeast Cryptococcus neoformans with agents for cancer therapy, in order to examine whether this yeast cytoskeleton could become a new antifungal target for the inhibition of cell division. Methods: Cells treated with 10 cytoskeleton inhibitors in yeast extract peptone dextrose medium were investigated by phase-contrast and fluorescence microscopy, and growth inhibition was estimated by cell counts using a Bürker chamber and measuring absorbance for 6 days. Results: Docetaxel, paclitaxel, vinblastine sulfate salt, cytochalasin D and chlorpropham [isopropyl N-(3-chlorophenyl) carbamate] did not inhibit proliferation. The MT inhibitors methyl benzimidazole-2-ylcarbamate (BCM), nocodazole, thiabendazole (TBZ) and vincristine (VINC) disrupted MT and inhibited mitoses, but anucleated buds emerged on cells that increased in size, vacuolated and seemed to die after 2 days. The response of the cells to the presence of the actin inhibitor latrunculin A (LA) included the disappearance of actin patches, actin cables and actin rings; this arrested budding and cell division. However, in 3-4 days, resistant budding cells appeared in all 5 inhibitors. Disruption of the MT and AC and inhibition of cell division and budding persisted only when the MT and AC inhibitors were combined, i.e. VINC + LA, BCM + LA or TBZ + LA. Conclusion: The MT and AC of C. neoformans are new antifungal targets for the persistent inhibition of cell division by combined F-actin and MT inhibitors.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is a rare tumor type, and a standard therapy for NEC has not yet been established. From 2008 to 2013, carboplatin-etoposide combination therapy has been used to treat almost all NEC patients in our department, and the objective of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of carboplatin-etoposide combination therapy in NEC. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted based on medical records from 2008 to 2013. Eligible patients had been pathologically diagnosed with NEC and had received a carboplatin-etoposide combination as first-line chemotherapy. Results: Nineteen patients were included in the study, and the overall response rate was 47.4%. The median overall survival was 12.7 months, and the median progression-free survival was 7.0 months. The median survival times were 10.8 and 8.9 months in NEC patients with primary sites in the gastrointestinal tract and hepatobiliary-pancreatic system, respectively. Median progression-free survival times were 5.0 and 3.1 months, respectively. The major toxicities were grade 3 and 4 leukopenia (73.7%), neutropenia (78.9%), anemia (31.6%), and thrombocytopenia (26.3%). Conclusions: Carboplatin-etoposide combination therapy for NEC may have comparable effectiveness and milder adverse events than cisplatin-etoposide combination therapy.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: We report 2 cases of accidental intrathecal vincristine administration. These injections were scheduled as intravenous injections of vincristine at the same time as other intrathecal drugs were scheduled. The mistakes were recognized immediately after administration, and a lumbar puncture was performed to lavage the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) immediately after the incident. However, both cases developed progressive sensorimotor and radiculo-myelo-encephalopathy and the patients died 3 and 6 days after the incidents due to decerebration. A number of cases of accidental intrathecal vincristine administration have occurred in recent years in other settings, and we add our events to emphasize the need for a preventative and strictly followed protocol in oncology treatment units to prevent further unnecessary deaths. The best 'cure' for mistakenly administered vincristine via lumbar puncture is prevention, which can be improved by strict adherence to a comprehensive guideline. Oncologic treatment centers should be aware of this guideline and evaluate their protocol for vincristine administration to prevent future incidents. Based on our past experiences, we strongly recommend 'time-independent' procedures to prevent this type of incident.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: We previously demonstrated the safety and efficacy of low-dose, short-interval target vessel regional chemotherapy (TVRCLDSI) delivered through the hepatic artery with transarterial embolization (TAE) in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of TAE + TVRCLDSI with that of standard TAE + TVRC in AGC patients with liver metastases who failed to respond to first- or second-line systemic chemotherapy. Methods: This study recruited a total of 58 GC patients with liver metastases after failure of first- or second-line systemic chemotherapy. Twenty-eight patients were assigned to the TAE + TVRCLDSI group and 30 patients to the TAE + TVRC group. The primary end point was overall survival (OSTVRC), which was defined as the time from the initiation of TVRC until the last follow-up or death. Results: OSTVRC, time to progression (TTP) until appearance of intra- and extrahepatic metastases, and overall TTP and treatment periods in the TAE + TVRCLDSI group were all significantly longer than in the TAE + TVRC group (all p < 0.001). Conclusion: TAE + TVRCLDSI had a higher efficacy and safety, which was reflected by OS rates, progression-free survival rates, longer duration of treatment and milder side effects compared to standard TAE + TVRC.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: S-1, a novel oral fluoropyrimidine, is active in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, data on S-1 for elderly patients with NSCLC are insufficient. Methods: Eligibility criteria were no prior chemotherapy, stage IIIB or IV NSCLC, performance status 0-1, age >70 years, and adequate hematological, hepatic, and renal functions. Patients received S-1 (40 mg/m2 twice a day) for 28 consecutive days. This schedule was repeated every 6 weeks. The primary end point was the tumor response rate. Results: Thirty-two patients were enrolled and 31 patients were evaluable for response. The patients' median age was 80 years (range: 71-88). The response rate was 22.6% (95% CI: 11-38). Neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, febrile neutropenia, and diarrhea of grade ≥3 occurred in 6, 6, 10, 3, and 3%, respectively. Conclusions: In elderly patients with previously untreated advanced NSCLC, S-1 appears to be well tolerated and demonstrates encouraging activity.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: A limited number of studies have been conducted on the effects of hormonal therapy with tamoxifen (TMX) or aromatase inhibitors (AIs) on plasma levels of leptin and adiponectin, as well as body composition in breast cancer (BC) patients. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the relationship between adipocytokines and body composition as well as the effects of TMX and AIs on plasma adiponectin, leptin, leptin/adiponectin ratio (LAR) and body composition. Methods: Patients were treated with either TMX or AI according to their menopausal status after adjuvant radiotherapy. Changes in body composition and serum leptin and adiponectin levels were evaluated. We recorded the type of hormonal therapy, BMI, waist/hip ratio (WHR), leptin and adiponectin levels at study entry, and after 6 and 12 months. Results: From baseline to the 6- and 12-month follow-ups, there were statistically significant increases in WHR (p = 0.003), fat mass (p = 0.041), and serum leptin (p < 0.001) and adiponectin levels (p < 0.001). The changes in body composition and serum leptin and adiponectin levels were similar in TMX and AI groups. A statistically significant decrease was found in total body water and LAR (p < 0.001). Although weight and body fat percentage increased, such increases were not statistically significant. A positive correlation was found between baseline BMI and serum leptin levels. This correlation was maintained at 6 and 12 months. The negative correlation found between serum adiponectin levels at baseline and baseline BMI did not last throughout the study. Conclusion: In this study, increased leptin and adiponectin levels and a decreased LAR were found in both AI and TMX groups. These changes might have occurred through both mechanisms of hormonal therapy and body composition changes. Therefore, AIs and TMX may exert their protective effects for BC patients by decreasing LAR rather than affecting leptin or adiponectin alone.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Therapeutic vancomycin trough levels correlate with therapeutic success and the development of renal failure. In this study, we aimed to describe the safety and outcome of pharmacy-led vancomycin dosing and monitoring. Methods: We included adults requiring vancomycin for >48 h and who had a vancomycin trough level drawn near steady state. The primary outcome of the comparison was the achievement of therapeutic trough levels, defined as 10-20 µg/ml. Secondary outcome included acute renal failure. We compared these outcomes before and after the implementation of pharmacy-led vancomycin dosing and monitoring. Result: During the study period, a total of 278 patients were in the preimplementation phase and 286 were in the postintervention phase. There was a clear increase in the percentage of patients achieving the therapeutic range (50.5 vs. 79.7%, p = 0.0001) and an increase in the percentage of levels within the therapeutic range (31.6 vs. 59.1%; p = 0.0001). The number of cases receiving vancomycin increased by 5% and the duration of therapy decreased by 19.5%. More patients attained a therapeutic range of 10-20 µg/ml (i.e. the level was 31.6% in the preintervention and 59.1% in the postintervention phase). Conclusions: A higher percentage of patients achieved a therapeutic range and less nephrotoxicity when using a pharmacy-led protocol for vancomycin dosing.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The elderly population in Western countries is growing and constitutes a public health issue. Concomitantly, age-related diseases such as cancer increase. There are few data on the efficacy, tolerability and toxicity of specific anticancer therapy in the very elderly patients; therefore, their management is not standardized. Methods: In this bi-institutional study, we reviewed medical records of patients who received or continued specific anticancer therapy beyond the age of 90 years. Geriatric assessment was not reported for our patients. Twelve patients were enrolled. Their general health condition was good, and half of them were living in elderly institutions. Ten patients had a solid tumor and 2 were treated for hematological malignancies. Most were diagnosed with a locally advanced or metastatic disease, and the goal of treatment was curative for only 1 patient. Six patients received chemotherapy as first-line treatment, 4 patients received targeted therapy and 2 received concomitant chemoradiation. Four patients received a second-line treatment. Results: Despite a significant reduction in treatment posology in half of the patients, 8 acute grade 3/4 toxicities were reported and 2 patients died of treatment-related septic shock. Median duration of first-line treatment was 3.2 months, and progression-free survival ranged from 18 to 311 days. Overall survival ranged from 18 days to 11 years. Conclusion: Aging is a heterogeneous process, and management of elderly patients is a multidisciplinary approach. Geriatric assessment helps to identify older patients with a higher risk of morbidity/mortality and allows to assess the risks and benefits of specific anticancer therapy. The choice of treatment should be based primarily on the expected symptomatic benefit, and treatment should not compromise the quality of life.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemotherapy