Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

The Earth's biosphere is being transformed by various anthropogenic activities. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change addresses a wide range of environmental topics and pressing issues including global climate change processes and effects stratospheric ozone depletion acid deposition eutrophication of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems species extinction and loss of biological diversity deforestation and forest degradation desertification soil resource degradation and land use change sea-level rise and destruction of coastal zones depletion of fresh-water and marine fisheries loss of wetlands and riparian zones and hazardous waste management. Response options to mitigate these threats or to adapt to changing environs are needed to ensure a sustainable biosphere for all forms of life. To that end Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change provides a forum to encourage the conceptualization critical examination and debate on environmental change response options. Moreover the aim of this journal is to provide a forum to review analyze and stimulate the development testing and implementation of mitigation and adaptation strategies at regional national and global scales. One of the primary goals of the journal is to contribute to real-time policy development as environmental treaties and agreements are discussed and promulgated. Examples of mitigation and adaptation strategies policies and technical topics considered by this journal include emerging environmental technologies restoration and reclamation ecology non- renewable energy conservation renewable and alternative energy supply and use sustainable development of the biosphere bioengineering applications environmental and ecological economics renewable resource management integrated systems planning and development international environmental treaties and agreements environmental services valuation and equity alternative human infrastructure and transportation systems. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change is necessarily transdisciplinary in scope and welcomes full papers short communications book reviews and occasionally reviews of complex novel or emerging mitigation and adaptation strategies. All papers are subject to thorough peer-review. Prompt publication is a priority consistent with a high standard of quality and presentation.

Current impact factor: 2.67

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.669
2013 Impact Factor 2.019
2012 Impact Factor 1.856
2011 Impact Factor 1.234

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.51
Cited half-life 6.50
Immediacy index 0.32
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.79
Website Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change website
Other titles Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change (Online)
ISSN 1381-2386
OCLC 41974043
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A flexible procedure for the development of a multi-criteria composite index to measure relative vulnerability under future climate change scenarios is presented. The composite index is developed using the Weighted Ordered Weighted Average (WOWA) aggregation technique which enables the selection of different levels of trade-off, which controls the degree to which indicators are able to average out others. We explore this approach in an illustrative case study of the United States (US), using future projections of widely available indicators quantifying flood vulnerability under two scenarios of climate change. The results are mapped for two future time intervals for each climate scenario, highlighting areas that may exhibit higher future vulnerability to flooding events. Based on a Monte Carlo robustness analysis, we find that the WOWA aggregation technique can provide a more flexible and potentially robust option for the construction of vulnerability indices than traditionally used approaches such as Weighted Linear Combinations (WLC). This information was used to develop a proof-of-concept vulnerability assessment to climate change impacts for the US Army Corps of Engineers. Lessons learned in this study informed the climate change screening analysis currently under way.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: Housing is not only one of the major sources of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, but it has been increasingly vulnerable to climate-induced disasters, particularly those sheltering the urban poor. Both mitigation and adaptation measures are therefore required for the design and construction of low-income housing to encourage low carbon development and improve resilience to disasters. As self-help housing—the common type of housing for the urban poor in developing countries—is usually built by ordinary people with participatory approach, it is crucial to develop a low-carbon and disaster-resilient assessment tool for assisting them in making informed decisions during planning process. The objective of this article is to propose a new approach for developing a low-carbon and disaster-resilient assessment tool for self-help housing (LoDAT-SH) by combining opinions from experts and community residents to assign weights, identify indicators, and establish benchmarks with the aim to develop a simple, relevant, and practical tool for non-expert users like self-help residents. The application of the proposed methodology to a case study of a developing country, Thailand, shows the ability of LoDAT-SH, which contains 45 indicators in the four categories of low carbon development, disaster resilience, community participation, and financial consideration, in enabling self-help residents to assess the performance of their housing design, identify potential measures to create a low-carbon and disaster-resilient housing, and prioritize such actions. To support the creation of a low-carbon and disaster-resilient housing as the mitigation and adaptation strategy for urban development at the global level, the study suggests that the methodology of LoDAT-SH should be replicated to develop a more comprehensive assessment tool applicable for the use in self-help housing design in other developing countries, which will house about 900 million of the urban poor by 2020.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this paper is to offer an in-depth description of Taiwan’s success in green public procurement (GPP) efforts through legal systems and innovative measures, which were relevant to the contribution to the greenhouse gas emissions mitigation addressed in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). To be in accordance with the certified green-mark products implementation since 2002, the benefit analysis was presented to connect with the trends of related sustainability indicators, including electricity consumption, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, tap water consumption, municipal solid waste (MSW) and industrial waste (IW) recycling ratios, and renewable electricity purchase. At this period, the electricity consumption per capita slightly increased from 8.5 MWh in 2002 to 10.4 MWh in 2012. By contrast, CO2 emissions intensity remarkably decreased from 0.71 kg CO2/US$ in 2002 to 0.53 kg CO2/US$ in 2012. More consistently, the tap water consumption per capita dropped from 0.35 m3/capita-day in 2001 to 0.27 m3/capita-day in 2012. The resource recycling ratios (i.e., 40.40, and 82.40 %) from MSW and IW in 2011 have been relatively high as compared to those in 2002 (i.e., 15.55 and 72.67 %). Furthermore, the renewable electricity purchased by the Taipower (one of the nation-owned enterprises) remarkably increased from 1933.3 GWh in 2002 to 3183.9 GWh in 2012. It was positively connected with experiencing a significant progress towards green economy and CO2 emissions mitigation in Taiwan partly due to GPP from the green-mark products consumption and the renewable electricity purchase. Finally, some global adaptation and mitigation strategies for GPP and green-mark products were addressed in the paper.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: Significant international collaboration is required to limit global temperature increase to below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels. Equity is the foundation of cooperation, and therefore, this study proposed a new dynamic carbon permit allocation scheme based on four principles: equality, historical responsibility, capability, and future development opportunities. Decision makers could have different preferences for allocating carbon permits, therefore, four equity rules or indicators (equality, responsibility, capacity, and sovereignty) were assigned different weights. Based on the global carbon budget of the 2 °C target, emission permits were calculated and relevant economic implications analyzed using the Global Change Assessment Model. Results indicated that developed countries should reduce emissions immediately, while allowances for developing regions could permit an initial increase in emissions until peaking. Applying different weights to the indicators resulted in multifarious regional allowances. Developed regions would benefit from the “preferring sovereignty” scenario and most developing countries would benefit under the “preferring responsibility” and “preferring capacity” scenarios. Compared with the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, this study found that in the short term, developed countries might insist on sovereignty as the preferred indicator. However, preferring sovereignty would place substantial mitigation pressures on developing countries in the long term. Therefore, in addressing global climate change, a dynamic choice in the weighting distribution for different indicators might be conducive to international agreement. Furthermore, a market-based trading instrument could help all participants both mitigate global climate change by reducing regional and global costs and facilitate mitigation capital flow from developed to less developed regions.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: Rice (Oryza) is a staple food in China, and rice yield is inherently sensitive to climate change. It is of great regional and global importance to understand how and to what degree climate change will impact rice yields and to determine the adaptation options effectiveness for mitigating possible adverse impacts or for taking advantage of beneficial changes. The objectives of this study are to assess the climate change impact, the carbon dioxide (CO2) fertilization effect, and the adaptation strategy effectiveness on rice yields during future periods (2011–2099) under the newly released Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5 scenario in the Sichuan Basin, one of the most important rice production areas of China. For this purpose, the Crop Estimation through Resource and Environment Synthesis (CERES)-Rice model was applied to conduct simulation, based on high-quality meteorological, soil and agricultural experimental data. The modeling results indicated a continuing rice reduction in the future periods. Compared to that without incorporating of increased CO2 concentration, a CO2 fertilization effect could mitigate but still not totally offset the negative climate change impacts on rice yields. Three adaptive measures, including advancing planting dates, switching to current high temperature tolerant varieties, and breeding new varieties, could effectively offset the negative climate change impacts with various degrees. Our results will not only contribute to inform regional future agricultural adaptation decisions in the Sichuan Basin but also gain insight into the mechanism of regional rice yield response to global climate change and the effectiveness of widely practiced global thereby assisting with appropriate adaptive strategies.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to develop linear and nonlinear statistical models to predict enteric methane emission (EME) from cattle (Bos) in the tropics based on dietary and animal characteristic variables. A database from 35 publications, which included 142 mean observations of EME measured on 830 cattle, was constructed to develop EME prediction models. Several extant equations of EME developed for North American and European cattle were also evaluated for suitability of those equations in this dataset. The average feed intake and methane production were 7.7 ± 0.34 kg/day and 7.99 ± 0.39 MJ/day, respectively. The simple linear equation that predicted EME with high precision and accuracy was: methane (MJ/day) = 1.29(±0.906) + 0.878(±0.125) × dry matter intake (DMI, kg/day), [root mean square prediction error (RMSPE) = 31.0 % with 92 % of RMSPE being random error; R 2 = 0.70]. Multiple regression equation that predicted methane production slightly better than simple prediction equations was: methane (MJ/day) = 0.910(±0.746) + 1.472(±0.154) × DMI (kg/day) – 1.388(±0.451) × feeding level as a multiple of maintenace energy intake – 0.669(±0.338) × acid detergent fiber intake (kg/day), [RMSPE = 22.2 %, with 99.6 % of MSPE from random error; R 2 = 0.84]. Among the nonlinear equations developed, Mitscherlich model, i.e., methane (MJ/day) = 71.47(±22.14.6) × (1 - exp{−0.0156(±0.0051) × DMI (kg/day), [RMSPE = 30.3 %, with 97.6 % of RMSPE from random error; R 2 = 0.83] performed better than simple linear and other nonlinear models, but the predictability and goodness of fits of the equation did not improve compared with the multiple regression models. Extant equations overestimated EME, and many extant models had low accuracy and precision. The equations developed in this study will be useful for improved estimates of national methane inventory preparation and for a better understanding of dietary factors influencing EME for tropical cattle feeding systems.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: Multi-level governance networks provide both opportunities and challenges to mainstream climate change adaptation due to their routine decision-making and coordination processes. This paper explores institutionalizing resilience and adaptation to climate change in the intergovernmental transportation planning processes that address bridge infrastructure in the Northeastern United States (USA), specifically in Vermont and Maine. The research presented here relies on nine interviews with policy-makers and planners, a survey of transportation project prioritization criteria, development of a longitudinal bridge funding database, and its integration with publicly available geospatial data. It presents a novel spatial analysis methodology, a modified version of which could be adopted by transportation agencies for prioritizing scarce adaptation funds. Although transportation agencies are undertaking a variety of mitigation activities to address business-as-usual needs, climate change adaptation and resilience efforts remain underprioritized. Adaptation is a global concern, but impacts vary dramatically between regions and require localized solutions. Bridges and culverts, which are especially vulnerable to climate-induced flooding impacts, have complex maintenance and design processes and are subject to convoluted adaptation planning procedures. Critical gaps in resources and knowledge are barriers to improved adaptation planning. Restructuring the transportation project prioritization procedures used by planning organizations to explicitly include adaptation may provide a novel strategy to institutionalize resilience in transportation. These procedures must be considered in the context of the intergovernmental networks that exist to support transportation infrastructure. Although these networks will likely vary across countries, the approaches introduced here to study and address transportation infrastructure adaptation may be applied to many settings.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: Distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation is a promising pathway for reducing carbon emission and meeting energy demands in electricity sector. Subsidies are essential to accelerate its deployment. This paper aims to study the optimal subsidy levels for distributed PV generation from the perspective of maximizing the net policy benefits (environmental and economic) by applying the principal–agent theory, which is a commonly used method of analyzing government incentive issues. Based on a detailed analysis of asymmetric information and of benefit conflicts between the government (the principal) and the investor (the agent), the optimal subsidy principal–agent model is established, in which the investor’s preference toward distributed PV generation is asymmetric and is described by a random variable. The equivalent model is then presented to obtain the optimal solutions, and a numerical example is provided to test the effectiveness of the model and to illustrate the implications of the solutions. The results show that high net policy benefits are directly influenced by a high investor preference. This emphasizes the importance for the government of improving the investor’s preference level and of eliminating asymmetric information to develop distributed PV generation and reduce subsidy costs. Additionally, lowering the market risk and enlarging the overflow value of distributed PV generation both contribute to subsidy cost savings. This paper offers policy makers an effective subsidy scheme to accelerate distributed PV generation development and will also be a useful reference for government to subsidize other renewable power systems to mitigate global climate and energy changes.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: Perfluorotributylamine (PFTBA), a newly discovered greenhouse gas with the highest radiative efficiency, may have been released into the environment from a variety of industrial and medical uses in small amounts, leading to the potential contribution to the global warming addressed in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Kyoto Protocol. The aims of this article are to review the physicochemical properties and commercial/potential uses of PFTBA reported in the current available literature and also discuss its environmental implications based on its molecular structure. Results showed that PFTBA had extremely low solubility in water and relatively high vaporization from the water bodies, suggesting that this long-lived greenhouse gas will sink into the atmosphere. This paper also addressed the possible loss pathways through reactions with highly reactive ions in the upper atmosphere and toxic decomposition products (e.g., hydrogen fluoride, fluorine, and carbonyl fluoride) emitted when heated at high temperature. In this regard, there is a need for PFTBA emission reduction strategies due to its increasing usage in many professional applications and its potential contribution to anthropogenic climate forcing in the near future.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: The substitution of biogas, an energy source derived from biological feedstock, for fossil natural gas (NG) can mitigate the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, making it an attractive renewable energy source in a carbon-constrained future. Although upgraded, pipeline-quality biogas can augment the NG market supply in the United States of America (USA), researchers and energy industry experts have little studied its long-term potential. This report estimates (1) levelized costs of energy for biogas production facilities operating with landfill waste, animal manure, wastewater sludge, and biomass residue feedstocks, (2) feedstock and technology pathway-specific biogas supply functions, and (3) the aggregate national biogas supply potential for the USA by 2040. Under a range of specified assumptions, generation of biogas could be expanded to approximately 3–5 % of the total domestic NG market at projected prices of $5–6/MMBtu, with the largest potential source coming from thermal gasification of agriculture and forest residues and biomass. As market signals have not spurred widespread adoption of biogas in the USA, policy incentives, similar to those used in the European Union (E.U.), may be necessary to increase its production and use. Bioenergy policy in the E.U. and the resulting market penetration achieved there therefore provides important lessons for how biogas markets in the USA can overcome barriers to market expansion and, in doing so, provide substantial climate mitigation benefits.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
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    ABSTRACT: Coal is the most abundant hydrocarbon energy source in the world. It also produces a very high volume of greenhouse gases using the current production technology. It is more difficult to handle and transport than crude oil and natural gas. We face a challenge: how can we access this abundant resource and at the same time mitigate global environmental challenges, in particular, the production of carbon dioxide (CO2)? The editors of this special edition journal consider the opportunity to increase the utilization of this globally abundant resource and recover it in an environmentally sustainable manner. Underground coal gasification (UCG) is the recovery of energy from coal by gasifying the coal underground. This process produces a high calorific synthesis gas, which can be applied for electricity generation and/or the production of fuels and chemicals. The carbon dioxide emissions are relatively pure and the surface facilities are limited in their environmental footprint. Unused carbon is readily separated and can be geo-sequester in the resulting cavity. The cavity is also being considered as a potential option to mitigate against change impacts of other sources of CO2 emissions. These outcomes mean there is an opportunity to provide developing and developed countries a source of low-cost clean energy. Further, the burning of coal in situ means that the traditional dangers of underground mining and extraction are reduced, a higher percentage of the coal is actually recovered and the resulting cavern creates the potential for a long-term storage solution of the gasification wastes. The process is not without challenges. Ground subsidence and groundwater pollution are two potential environmental impacts that need to be averted for this process to be acceptable. It is essential to advance the understanding of this practice and this special edition journal seeks to share the progress that scientists are making in this dynamic field. The technical challenges are being addressed by researchers around the world who work to resolve and understand how burning coal underground impacts the geology, the surface land, and ground water both in the short and the long term. This special issue reviews the process of UCG and considers the opportunities, challenges, risks, competitive analysis and synergies, commercial initiatives and a roadmap to solutions via the modelling and simulation of UCG. Building and then disseminating the fundamental knowledge of UCG will enhance policy development, best practices and processes that reflect the global desires for energy production with reduced environmental impact.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change